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WORDS FOR A COMMUNION SEASON.
with the greatest propriety; and preaching full an owe no thanks to the misguided, though it may be hour; he read prayers and preached in the afternoon, well-meant, zeal of the writer and publisher, be they previous to the evening service, at half-an-hour after whom they will. But such conduct is an unavoidfive; and afterwards addressed a large society in able tax upon popularity.” public.
Perhaps Mr Whitefield never preached greater sermons than at six in the morning; for at that hour he
WORDS FOR A COMMUNION SEASON. did preach winter and summer, on Mondays, Tues
SELF-EXAMINATION. days, Wednesdays, and Thursdays. At these times his congregations were of the select description, and to examine ourselves is to put serious questions young men received admonitions similar with what to ourselves, and to our own hearts; and to prosecute were given in the society; and were cautioned, while them till a full and true answer be given to them. they neglected the duty required from them under These five questions, among others, it is good for each the bond of an indenture, not to anticipate the plea- of us to put to ourselves in our preparation to the sures and advantages of future life. “ Beware of being Lord's supper,
both at our first
admission, and in our golden apprentices, silver journeymen, and copper masters," was one of the cautions I remember upon after-approaches to it:- What am I? What have I those occasions.
done ? What progress do I make ? What do I His style was now colloquial, with little use of want ? And what shall I resolve to do? notion; pertinent expositions, with suitable remarks;
1. What am I? Am I in the favour of God, or and all comprehended within the hour. Christian
Am I a servant of experience principally made the subject of Monday, under his wrath and curse ? Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday evening lectures; God, or a slave to the world and the flesh ? Look when, frequently having funeral sermons to preach, forwards, and ask, Whither am I going?—to heaven the character and experience of the dead helped to or hell? If I should die this night (and I am not elucidate the subject, led to press diligence in the sure to live till to-morrow), whither would death Christian course, to retlect upon the blessing of faith bring me? where would death lodge me ?—in endon earth, and glory in heaven. adopted the custom of the inhabitants of New Eng- less light, or in utter darkness ? land in their best days, of beginning the Sabbath
2. What have I done? How have I employed my at six o'clock on Saturday evening. The custom thoughts ? How have I governed my passions ? could not be observed by many, but it was conve How have I used my tongue? How have I spent nient to a few-a few compared with the multitude, my time? How have I managed my worldly calling? but, abstractedly considered, a large and respectable How have I done the duty of particular relations ? company. Now ministers of every description found a peculiar pleasure in relaxing their minds from the How have I performed my secret worship ? How fatigues of study, and were highly delighted by his have I laid out what God has given me in the world? peculiarly excellent subjects, which were so suitable How have I improved the Lord's-day, and the other to the auditory, that I believe it was seldom disap- helps I have had for my soul ? How have I borne pointed. It was an opportunity peculiarly suited to
my afflictions ? apprentices and journeymen in some businesses which allowed of their leaving work sooner than on other
3. What progress do I make? Do I find my days, and availing themselves at least of the sermon; practical judgment more settled and confirmed in from which I also occasionally obtained my blessings its choice of holiness and heaven? Do I find my corThe peculiar talents he possessed, subservient to great rupt appetites and passions more manageable? Do usefulness, can be but faintly guessed from his ser I find the duties of religion more easy and pleasant mons in print; though, as formerly God has made to me? Do I find my heart more weaned from this the reading of them useful, I have no doubt but in future they will have their use. The eighteen taken present life, and more willing to exchange it for a in short-hand, and faithfully transcribed by Mr Gur- better? ney, have been supposed to do discredit to his memory, 4. What do I want? What grace do I most want ? and therefore they were suppressed. But they who What comfort do I most want? What is the burhave been accustomed to hear him, may collect from den that lies most heavy? them much of his genuine preaching. They were
5. What shall I resolve to do? It is good to be far from being the best specimens that might have been produced. He preached many of them when, particular in our pious resolutions, as well as in our in fact, he was almost incapable of preaching at all. penitent reflections; and for assistance herein, let us His constitution, long before they were taken, had inquire: Wherein have I been most exposed by my received its material shock, and they were all, except own weakness, and most assaulted by the subtlety of the two last, the production of a Wednesday evening; the tempter ? What is the sin that has most easily when, by the current business of the day, he was fatigued and worn out. The “ Good Shepherd” was
beset me? What the duty that I have most neglectsent him on board the ship. He was much disgusted ed? And what can I do in my place for the service with it, and expressed himself to me as in the 1440th of God's honour and the interest of his kingdom letter of the third volume of his works: “ It is not
among men ? Ferbatim as I delivered it. In some places it makes me speak false concord, and even nonsense; in others the sense and connection are destroyed by the inju
1. Judge not amiss concerning yourselves. As it dicious disjointed paragraphs, and the whole is en is a damning mistake common among the children of tirely unfit for the public review.” His manuscript men, to think their spiritual state and condition to be journal, as quoted by Dr Gillies, notes “ Septem- good, when it is very bad—for “there is that maketh ber 15. This morning came a surreptitious copy of himself rich, and yet hath nothing;” so it is a dismy Tabernacle farewell sermon, taken, as the shorthand writer professes, verbatim as I spoke it; but quieting mistake, common among the children of surely he is mistaken. The whole is so injudiciously God, to think their spiritual state and condition to paragraphed, and so wretchedly unconnected, that I be bad, when it is very good-for there is that
COMFORT FOR WEAK BELIEVERS.
“maketh himself poor, and yet hath great riches."
WHERE IS THY TREASURE?
The merchant sends his heart to sea, yet perfect; but why should you look for that on
And there, together with his ship, 'tis tost: earth which is to be had in heaven only? A child
If this by chance miscarry, that is lostwill at length be a man, though as yet he“ think as
His confidence is cast away; a child, and speak as a child.” Blessed Paul himself
He hangs the head, had not yet attained, nor was already perfect. Gold
As he were dead. in the ore is truly valuable, though it be not yet re The ploughman furrows up his land, fined from its dross. “Despise not the day of small And sows his heart together with his seed, things," for God doth not.--Zech, iv, 10. Deny not Which both, alike earth-born, on earth do feed, that power and grace which have brought you out And prosper or are at a stand; of the land of Egypt, though you be not yet come to
He and his field Canaan.
Like fruit do yield. You think you have no grace, because you have not The broker and the scrivener have that sensible joy and comfort which you would have; The usurer's heart in keeping, with his bands; but those are spiritually enlightened who see their His soul's dear sustenance lies in their hands, own deformity, as well as those who see Christ's And if they break, their shop's his grave; beauty. The child that cries, is as sure alive as the
His interest is child that laughs. Complaints of spiritual burthens
His only bliss. are the language of the new nature, as well as The money-hoarder in his bags praises for spiritual blessings.
Binds up his heart, and locks it in his chest; You say you are unworthy to come. So were all
The same key serves to that and to his breast, that ever came—not worthy to be called children, Which of no other heaven brags, nor to eat of the children's bread. In yourselves
Nor can conceit there is no worthiness; but is there none in Christ?
A joy so great. Is not he worthy ? And is not he yours? Have you Poor wretched muck-worms, wipe your eyes not chosen him? Let faith in his mediation silence Uncase those trifles that beset you 80; all your fears, and dismiss their clamours with that:
Your rich-appearing wealth is real woe, “ But do thou answer, Lord, for me.”
Your death in your desires lies; You say you dare not come, lest you should eat
Your hearts are where and drink judgment to yourselves; but ordinarily,
You love and fear. those that most fear that, are least in danger of it. That dreadful declaration was not intended to drive
Oh! think not, then, the world deserves
Either to be beloved or fear'd by you; men from the sacrament, but to drive them from their sins. Can you not say, that through grace you
Give heaven these affections as its due,
Which always what it hath preserves hate sin, you strive against it, you earnestly desire to be delivered from it? then certainly your league with
In perfect bliss,
That endless is. it is broken; though the Canaanites be in the land,
HARVEY, 1647. you do not make marriages with them. Come, then, and seal the covenant with God, and you shall be so far from cating and drinking judgment to yourselves,
Anecdote. that you shall eat and drink life and comfort to your
PASTORAL PLAINNESS. selves.
The Moravian Church at Berlin, a short time before OPEN THY MOUTH WIDE, AND I WILL FILL IT." the death of the King of Prussia, presented a peti. Come, my soul, what dost thou look for at the tion, of which the following is an extract:table of the Lord? The maker of the feast is God “ Your Majesty knows that we have ever been himself, who does nothing little, nothing mean, but faithful and loyal subjects, and that we contribute to is “able to do exceeding abundantly above what the prosperity of the country, by the establishment of
divers manufactures. we are able to ask or think.” When he gives, he gives like himself, gives like a king, gives like a God, selves the success that has attended our endeavours.
“ We have not the presumption to ascribe to ourall things ric!ly to enjoy; considering not what it We know that it belongs exclusively to Jesus Christ. becomes such ungrateful wretches as we are to re · Having heard that your Majesty's health is in a ceive, but what it becomes such a bountiful benefac- dangerous state, our consciences oblige us to give you tor as he is to give. A lively faith may expect that the most wholesome advice for the salvation of your which is rich and great from him who is possessor of may have to live in the knowledge of Jesus Christ
soul. It is, that you will employ the few days you heaven and earth, and all the wealth of both; and and his merits; to make your peace in the blood of that which is kind and gracious from him who is the Lamb; and to enlist under his banner." the “ Father of mercies, and the God of all consola The king read this advice with great attention; tion.” A lively faith may expect all that is pur- and having asked his secretary by whom it had been chased by the blood of Christ, from a God who is presented, he was told that the Moravians in a body righteous in all his ways; and all that is promised in had delivered it to him. “ You must thank them," the new covenant, from a God who cannot lie nor said Frederick, very politely; " for they speak to me deceive.Matthew Henry.
with an honest bluntness."
SACRAMENTAL SABBATH IN THE “BURN OF FERRINTOSH."
presence of the Lord might go with his servant, and A SACRAMENTAL SABBATH IN THE that a blessing might rest on the preachers of the “ BURN OF FERRINTOSH."
I had intended to put up my horse at the manse Few are familiar with the lovely scenery on the stable, but found that not only were the stalls filled, shores of the Cro rty Frith. The rugged grandeur -three hot ses being often in one division—but that in of the Highlands combines with the softer beauty of the sheds and square every available inch was occuthe South to produce an almost unrivalled degree of pied. I was soon, however, relieved from my diffithe admiration always effected by strong and strik- culty by a boy offering to take charge of the animal, ing contrast in nature; while the splendid sheet of and see it well fed; and, knowing that in no possible water, in which our whole British navy might ride circumstances, could a Highland groom be an exsecurely during the wildest gale, forms, from the pensive one, I had little hesitation inaccepting his choiceness of its position and the peculiarity of its offer. shape, perhaps the chief element in the beauty of the At each Highland sacrament there are two conscene. Guarded at the entrance by two immense gregations—the one composed of the English hearers, rocks, spaciously wooded atop, bay after bay disclose who worship in the church; the other, of the Gaelic ing itself in endless succession, skirted in one place population, who conduct their services in the open by fields of corn, fringed in another by woods of air. Owing to the fervour and expressiveness of the varied green, and bounded in yet another by a line Gaelic tongue, and to the great "liberty” enjoyed by of sand-hills or moorland; at one time discovering a the preacher who employs it, the out-door services village or burgh-town; and at another disclosing, are always attended by a far larger number than amid the foliage, the mansion-house of some Highland when English is spoken; and, indeed, it would be proprietor, or the scarcely less lovely, though more almost impossible to accommodate within any Preghumble, front of some Ross-shire manse; and fenced byterian church an average Gaelic congregation well-nigh all around by towering mountains, like gi- on a communion Sabbath. But at Ferrintosh the gantic sentries keeping watch over the loveliness number is immense-being seldom below six thouwithin-the Frith of Cromarty leaves an impression sand, frequently amounting to ten, and on one ocon the mind of a spectator which is not soon to be casion reaching, as I was told, the enormous total forgotten, and creates in the traveller who has just of fifteen thousand souls. It reminds one of those left its scenery an almost irreprossible desire to re- glorious days when the cities of Germany poured turn to it again.
forth their thousands to hear the Gospel at the lips At the uppermost extremity of this inland sea lies of Luther; and I question whether, even in that land the well known Ferrintosh. Though itself not dis- of deep feeling and those times of thrilling excitement, tinguished by great external beauty, in comparison there was ever witnessed a scene more solemn and of the parishes across the water, it is, nevertheless, the impressive than the gathering at Ferrintosh. scene of an annual assemblage more interesting to me The place of meeting seems cut out for the exby far than the rarest combination of natural objects press purpose, by the immediate hand of Him who is -the sacramental gathering in the “ Burn of Ferrin- at once the God of nature and of grace, and who, as tosh."
if in anticipation of the scenes of holy interest to be A Highland sacrament is always a most solemn presented by that locality, would appear to have inand interesting sight; but I question whether a
cluded the very dip of the land, and the course of a fi spectator is at any time so much impressed with the brook among the “all things ” which “work to
scene, as when it is presided over by Dr Macdonald gether for the good of them that love him.” At a in his own parish. The numbers are there swelled to convenient distance from the church, the “ Burn of an incredible amount by strangers from the neigh- Ferrintosh,” often almost dry in summer, descends a bouring parishes and counties—the shires of Ross, deep hollow, that forms a large oblong slightly Cromarty, Inverness, and even Sutherland, pouring rounded at the upper end, the sides of which slope forth their companies to join the worshippers. It towards each other, leaving a space of flat green was but once that I was privileged to behold the sward between; and under this, if I remember aright, i sight on the last public sacrament before the Dis- the waters of the Burn are carried by a drain. The ruption. As there was no service in our church on sides of the declivity are deeply furrowed all around, that particular Sabbath, I rode over to Ferrintosh, like the parallel roads of Glenroy, on a small scale, as hoping, should the opportunity occur, to behold for if the waters of the Burn had collected in the space, niyself a sight of which so many glowing descriptions and forced an outlet at different intervals, though had been given me. I overtook upon the way num much is doubtless owing to manual labour. These bers of gigs and carts with their comfortable-looking furrows are the seats on which the people rest; line occupants, “ blue-bonnet farmers" on their ponies, rising above line, in close succession, something like and hundreds of pedestrians of both sexes travelling the pews of what was once Free St George's, and in groups of three or four; these last occupied almost now the Free Gaelic Church of Edinburgh. The invariably in conversing upon some Scripture text or appearance of the people, as they sat upon these giving notes of the various sermons they had heard Highland benches, was both interesting and uncom
some weighty word being not unfrequently recalled Hats were pretty numerous among the males; ! at a distance of many years. Did a minister happen but rarely was a bonnet seen upon a female head
to pass the travellers, every bonnet was doffed, and that of the maiden being generally bare, and the mang an ejaculatory prayer was whispered that the matron wearing a “mutch" (cap), while the elderly
women had grey or blue cloaks, with the hoods wrap -each head was hung down; and, save when the ped round their heads. The snow-white caps of the elements passed, and the communicants partook of females contrasted pleasingly with the coarse blue the bread and wine, scarce a motion was visible along bonnets of the men; and as my eye first caught the the whole line. It being the fourth or fifth table congregation, it dwelt with a more delighted gaze that I witnessed, Dr Macdonald did not officiate. He upon their homely appearance than even when, after was leaning over the front of the “tent," watching the lapse of a few months, I looked round, at the his beloved flock with a pastor's eye, and seeming to time of the Disruption, on the vast concourse of gen- view with that delight which none but a pastor tility at Canonmills. A solemn interest sat on every knows, the refreshment of his people's souls at the countenance, the men in particular appearing to streams of living water. Blessed old man! Twenty drink in with avidity every word that was said; and years had elapsed since he sprinkled the water of as the heart-searching address of the minister fell baptism upon my face, and prayed that I might be meaningless on my ear, I could have wept at my in- spared for usefulness in the cause of Him from whom ability to share their strong emotions. The tent, or a scarcely living mother had received me; and as I temporary pulpit, is placed at the lower end of the now stood above him on the alder-skirted bank of open space, which rises slightly towards the upper the “Burn,” my heart glowed more strongly than extremity of the area; in front of the tent stretched ever with an affection which I shall always cherish; one long communion-table—at which, by the way, a and right sure am I, that when I return his prayer Highlander never seats himself till it is “ fenced.” into his own bosom—that he now may be spared for
After the conclusion of the action sermon" and the many a useful year-mysupplication will be re-echoed “ fencing" of the tables, a large number of verses was from the breast of every child of God that has sung in the wild music of the Gaelic psalmody. The known the person of John Macdonald, or heard his precentor who officiated on the occasion was a vener honoured name. I did not stay long, and about an able-looking old man, whose voice was heard but in-hour after my departure the congregation dispersed. distinctly by the most distant part of the congregation; Suitably rewarding my little groom, I returned as he was joined, however, by those near him, the slowly to my home never to forget the scene which sound gradually waxed louder and louder, till the I had witnessed in the “ Burn of Ferrintosh.” whole eight thousand voices swelled the sacred song, and formed one vast chorus which, in power, if not in harmony, in fervour, if not in skill, has, since the
LITTLE CHILDREN BROUGHT TO JESUS. days of Gustavus Adolphus,* been almost wholly “ SUFFER that little children come to me; unsurpassed. Still, I confess, I was a little disap- Forbid them not.” Emboldened by his words, pointed in the expectations I had formed of the The mothers onward press; but finding vain singing; for though I have never heard so powerful a Th’attempt to reach the Lord, they trust their babes chorus, yet I had entertained a higher idea of the com- To strangers' hands. The innocents, alarmed pass of so many voices than was actually realized. But Amid the throng of faces all unknown, à Highland congregation never sings loudly; their Shrink trembling, till their wandering eyes discern melody is rather deep than strong; and the greater The countenance of Jesus beaming love the solemnity of the occasion, the lower is the tone And pity; eager then they stretch their arms, in which the psalm is sung. During the singing, the And, cowering, lay their heads upon his breast. elders—“the men" of Ferrintosh-assisted by a few
GRAHAM. of their brethren from neighbouring parishes, placed on the table the elements of bread and wine, the communicants coming slowly forward to take their JOHN RONGE AND CONTINENTAL POPERY. seats. The tardiness of the Highlanders in this matter is very striking-each seeming to feel that he
TO THE EDITOR OF THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY. is going to meet the Lord, and to tremble lest he should be found eating and drinking judgment to
DEAR SIR,-It is with great attention and anxiety himself; and the officiating minister has to encourage; countryman, John Ronge; and knowing, as I do, all
that I have watched till now the proceedings of my exhort, and not unfrequently to rebuke, the timid
the relations of Germany and its Romanism, I am believer, ere he will venture to commemorate his disposed to view what has happened there of late in Saviour's dying love. I do not deny that this hesi a light somewhat different from the usual one. And tation is often carried to an unwarrantable extent, I think it my duty now to state freely my opinion on the Highland communicant often thinking that his Ronge, and the motives which probably actuate him, present frame of mind, rather than his personal in- especially as I find that only one, and always the fa terest in Christ, is to be the test of his worthiness. the public here; a thing which, even taking in its ex.
vourable view of his principles, has been presented to But still, hesitation is infinitely preferable to haste,
cuse (of making else the movement lose the interest affording, as it does, a pretty sure indication of taken in it in this country), is not only, in my opinion, the stricter compliance with the injunction : “But very wrong, but, in fact, does nothing but harm. let a man examine himself.” At the table, the For the people of God are, I fear, somewhat misled;
and not knowing all the circumstances accurately, solemnity was most marked; not an eye was open
are not instant enough in prayer that the fortress During the wars of Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, built against Rome may not be inhabited by Satan's the whole army, consisting of ten thousand men, used, on garrison, instead of Immanuel's. I observe that a the eve of a battle, to sing Luther's hymn: "God is our Romanizing tendency of the new Church is generally refuge," &c.-Ps. xlvi.
the only thing apprehended; and even their defect in
JOHN RONGE AND CONTINENTAL POPERY.
the doctrine of justification, is ascribed to that only. Infidelity., And how could it well be otherwise ?
This is an opinion which I suspect to be a mistaken Some worldly reason leads them to the Church. Gei one. I much fear that it rather arises from Neolo- nerally they know just as much of the Bible as they
gian tendencies. True it is, Romanism and Neology have been obliged to learn by heart in Latin-are i agree on this point, at least as to the main principle; kept back from all free inquiries; while their morals
and so it might, at first sight, appear difficult to dis are blinked over, and then they are at once ushered cover by which of these two Ronge is moved. If into parishes, and made actors in those religious I am told that Luther was at first also defective in comedies or tragedies called Popish worship. his views on this point, I would answer, that Luther Let, for example, a man consider the mummery began in quite another manner bis work of reforma- which is practised every year on Good Friday in G-, tion—grounding it on, and prompted to it by, a belief in W—, through which I had last year occasion to in Bible truths. But in all I have read from and on pass, and which was described to me by a pious ProRonge, I find little of that basis. He tells us, indeed, testant, who lives there, and has witnessed it often. that Christ left his Spirit, and not his coat, to the | The procession is opened by a man dressed in sheepChurch; but, alas ! has Ronge himself been led by it skin, with false hair and beard, carrying a tree, on into all truth? His Church seems to mean, "all which are placed a gilded apple and a serpent, to remankind, and mankind here on earth” (p. 36 of present old Adam. He is accompanied by a priest, who Ronge's Justification, in the pamphlet lately pub- reads the prayers. After him comes a little boy, lished); and for the “Holy Spirit” he finds (p. 98) dressed as simply as possible, and led on with twelve a very analogous interpretation.
strings by persons in the apparel of shepherds; the This doubt becomes more and more grounded, if we whole representing Joseph of Egypt. Now, the query consider the present state of the Romish communion. would arise, how to procure him the necessary coat of Its principles and tendencies, indeed, are known here, many colours. For this the priests have found an inbut little or nothing of its present actual bearing; genious remedy. They declare it to be of great profit, for the fact is, that one must have lived, as I have for the remission of sins, to pin little images of saints done, the greater part of life in a Popish country, on poor Joseph's coat. Consequently, all devoteca rush and have made, in travelling, close observations as upon the poor boy, and in a few moments he is covered to its different outgoings, to be able to sum up the with little pictures of X, Y, Z, patrons of men, horses, incredible superstition of its lower people, and the cattle, oxen, sheep, &c., and all the patronesses whom Infidelity, and gross immorality of its clergy, and all the yearly calendar has preserved to posterity, along ranks of society. I speak here of Popish countries—not with the interesting changes of the seasons, the wea of such where most of the population are Protestants; ther, &c. I almost shrink from speaking of the third for Romanisın is a kind of bed of Procrustes, suiting person of this procession, but truth prompts me to do either all to itself, or differing only in that it suits 80. A person with a mask, in order that he may not itself to all. In Berlin, for example, I observed that be recognised, with false hair and beard, dressed in they exchanged, in their churches, the little and red merino, barefooted, and bearing a real cross, is larger pictures for beautiful statues; probably to at made to represent our Saviour! The person acting tract the æsthetic sense of this modern Athens; and this is generally the greatest sinner in the communion, go on in other countries. From the idolatrous wor whose sins can by no other penance be forgiven. ship of images which one finds in a Popish country, The bearing of the heavy cross (more or less heavy onder every green tree and on every hill and cross by a load of stones, according to his sins) up a hill way, to the most ludicrous and pitiful processions, called Calvary-on the way to which he is commanded all is done to blind and mislead the people; on to fall down as often as our Saviour is said to have whom the lowering effect of Romish principles is so fallen under the weight on his way to the crucigreat, that, strange as it may appear, when I wan fixion-together with the actor's religious excitement dered, in company of a friend, through a partly Popish, and his light dress in a generally very severe season, partly Protestant country, we were, when entering a often terminates in the death of the unhappy indivivillage, by its dirt, disorder, and rudeness of manner dual. Another person goes behind him to help, in in young and old, without any words, told which of the imitation of Simon. Both are surrounded by a villages was Popish; and, indeed, so marked a difference party of men who are intended to represent Roman exists between places separated by one or two hours' soldiers; but the necessary costume being awanting, distance, that we felt, on entering a Protestant one, as they are put into the uniform of Frederick the Great, if at once in another country. The kneeling before, with two-cornered hats and long halberds. This and praying to images, is a thing to be witnessed at ridiculous company of soldiers is followed by a priest, every corner. Sometimes these are the most fearful who feigns to say, with all devotion, his prayers. The blasphemies imaginable; as, for example, one which I whole way is lined with tents where liquor is sold. saw of the Holy Trinity, in which, (would you believe In general, no man can imagine how much vice is it?) God the Father was depicted with the red cloak perpetrated in pilgrimages to images or little pictures and hat of the Pope-covering with the former the Son of the Virgin. While I write this letter, it seems to and the Holy Spirit—the latter under the shape of a me almost as if I heard the monotone melody of one dove. From the procession, priest and people go to of these processions which, just returned from a visit drink, and spend the remainder of their sacred days they have paid to the Virgin, are singing to the crowds in scenes of vice and beastly vulgarity, such as would which come forth to meet them: “A kind compli. have put even Bacchanals to shame. Playing of cards ment to you from our holy Virgin;"-all the bells is the usual daily business of the parson, who is ge- ringing, and the clergy and schools going to meet nerally the worst man in the parish, as he is often them with crosses and banners. I might also tell of the most grossly ignorant. We know, from our own the tongue of Nepomuck, a priest, who would not personal observation, how crimes which make one's betray the confession of the Queen of Bohemia, and blood turn cold are coolly perpetrated by those who whose tongue was consequently cut out, and is still dare call themselves ministers of Christ; yea, the said to be preserved untouched, and is shown every more learned, the worse have we generally found year to the people; or of the right hand of St Stephen, them. The good, stupid class of them read their the Hungarian, who lived in the tenth century, and prayers, pray their paternosters, and spend, regu- | which is still said to exist; or I might speak of the cerelarly, the other part of the day in eating, drinking, monies of Good Friday, when a coffin, surrounded by playing of cards, and in a kind of moderate profil | twelve burning candles, and guarded by soldiers, is gacy. But the more learned are deeply plunged in put into the church, in order afterwards to play a