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FOR MUSICAL SOCIETIES, CHURCH CHOIRS, &C.

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* The Choruses of these Oratorios are published in separate volumes. See List 2. *

Joshua.

Athalie

.

This majestic composition, full of fine effects, is, to the American public, less known than most others. But its stately choruses at Gilgal, at Jericho, by the Vale of Ajalon;

such duets as “Our Limpid Streams, such Composed A. D. 1747, by songs as “O had I Jubal's Lyre," and those Handel.

belonging to the parts of the Angel, of Joshua,

of Caleb, and of Othniel, are quite sufficient Boards $1.00, paper 80 cts. to make it one of the most interesting of

Handel's great works.

Although published after the death of the author, it is a complete composition, and

Mendelssohn, if living, night have enlarged, Composed by Mendelssohn but probably would not have otherwise Boards $1.00, paper 80 cents. changed it. Founded on Racine's Athalie.

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Eli

.

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This is one of the easier Oratorios, and follows the story of the aged high priest, in

his relation to the young Samuel, to sinful Composed A. D. 1855, by Israel, and to the taking of the Ark by the Costa.

Philistines. Boards $1.78, paper $1.60.

“Naaman" is, like the preceding, an easy, Oratorio, and might as well be called "Elisha,” as the text has reference to the works and miracles of that prophet. The changing scenes: at Damascus, at Samaria, at iho

Jordan: the affecting incideut of the jaisComposed A. D. 1864, by ing of the Shunamite's son; the war-songs of Costa.

Syrians; and the lyrical picture of the heal

ing, of the warrior-leper, constitute a great Boards $1.75, paper $1.60. and pleasing variety, and add to the effect

of the music.

Naaman.

Passion Music

The sacred drama of passion week, taking shape about the year A. D. 1250, became grad ually clothed with music. Of all composit

ions of the kind, this is doubtless the most After St. Matthew, by best of all sacred compositions.), It is very

beautiful. (To some music lovers, it is the J. S. Bach.

difficult, and as a whole, beyond the reach of

any but the best performers. But the easy Cloth $2.00; boards $1.60; parts, including the chorals, are quite attainapaper $1.25.

ble, and the work may be attacked in sections with the best results.

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Other compositions, sometimes called “Oratorios” will be described under the head of “Cantatas."

SINGLE BOOKS FOR EXAMINATION, MAILED, POST FREE, FOR RETAIL PRICE.

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FOR

Musical Socirties, Chorus Choirs, &. MASSES, ANTHEMS & TUNE BOOKS.

IN 8 LISTS.

LIST 8.

MASSES.

Emerson's Singing School.

Hour of Singing.

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High School Choir.

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THE ENCORE. No smoother or sweeter musie exists, than that in the Masses of

(Mentioned in List No. 4.) Mozart, Huydn, and others.

Shorter and less difficult than Oratories, they furnish just the grade of music that is needed for singers, that have risen above easy Anthems and Glees, and are not quite ready for the greater works.

Price 75 cts., or $7.50 per doz.
By Mozart.

is an older work, containing the same kind of music as tie Mon

arch and Encore. 1st MASS IN C.....

Cloth $1.00; Paper 65 cents. 2d C..

1.00;

65 9th G.

1.00;

65 12th

G.

Cloth $1.12; Boards 1.00; 80 13th (REQUIEM) MASS.

Cloth 1.00;

65 Price $1.00, or $9.00 per dozen. By Emerson and Tilder. By Haydn. Ist MASS IN Bb.. .Cloth $1.12: Paper 80 cts.

By Emerson and Tilden. 2d

с 3d

D
..Cloth $1.12; Boards $1.00;

Price $1.00, or $9.00 per dozen,
4th
Bb.
Cloth $1.12;

The above two books were prepared for High Schools, but contain oth B6

$1.25;

$1.00. very nice music in 2, 3 and 4 parts. 7th G

$1.00;

65 cts.
Sth
11th
Bb.

$1.25;
$1.00.

The Salutation,
By Beethoven.

Price $1.38; Per dozen $12.00. By L. O. Emerson.
MASS IN C......
.Cloth $1.12; Boards 90 cts. ; Paper 80 cts.

Choral Tribute.
By @thev Authovs.
BORDESE'S MASS IN F..

By L. 0. Emerson,
Cloth $1.00; Paper 80 cts.

Price $1.50; Per dozen $13.50.
CONCONE'S

F 4 voices..
De MONTI'S
Bb..... Cloth $1.00; Boards 80 cts.; Paper 65c.

Jubilate.
FARMER'S

Bl.
$1.12;
$1.00;
80c.

By L. 0. Emerson.
GOUNOD'S MASS SOLENNELLE.. Cloth $1.12; Paper 80 cts.
GUIGNARD'S MASS..

Price $1.50; Per dozen $13.50.

$1.00. KEMPTER'S MASS IN D. 4 voices.

$1.50. LAMBILOTTE'S MASS PASCALE IN D.....

. $2.50. MERCADENTES MASS IN Bb. 3 voices.. ..Cloth $1.00; Paper 75c. NEIDERMEYER'S MASS IN D.... .Cloth $1.50; Paper $1.25.

By L. 0. Emerson, ROSSINI'S MASS SOLENNELLE.. Boards $2.00; Paper $1.60. Price $1.50; Per dozen $13.50. SCHWING'S SOLENNIS IN D.

$2.50. SOUTITARD'S MASS IN F...

.50 cts. SHORT MASS IN D..

.50 cts. STEARNS' MASS IN A....

.$1.50.

By Emerson and Palmer, SCHMIDT'S Eb. 3 voices..

$1.50: Price $1.50: Per dozen $13.50. SPOTTI'S CHORAL MASS. UNISON...

.65 cts. USEFUL BOOKS

By Palmer and Emerson. Price $1.38; Per dozen $12.00.

The Sabbath. A Musical Society that is just commencing almost invariably con

By C. Everest. trins inany members who are able to sing common Sacred Music, or Price $1.50; Per dozen $13.50. Tunes and easy Anthems, and nothing more.

The above 7 books are all well arranged collections of Church Music, It is therefore, wisc to spend tho first season in singing from such

with plenty of Anthems, and considerable pleasing Secular Music. collections of music, as may contain pieces that may be perfectly Besides these, there are the older American Tune Book," "The mastered by persons of limited musical knowledge. The following Carmina Sacra,” the “Jubilee,” the “ Key Note” and “ Temple Choir.". works will furnish the requisito material.

It is proper to mention also, as a collection of perfectly beautiful
Revival Tunes, D. F. Hodges'

LIVING WATERS,
By Palmerand Emerson.

avd also, sor Old Folk's Concerts,
This book, designed in the first instance for Singing Schools, con-
taius a great mauy easy Glees and Part Songs.

FATHER KEMP'S OLD FOLKS CONCERT TUNES.
Price 55 cents, or $7.50 per doz.

Boards 50 cts; Paper 40 cts.

Harp of Judah.

Standard.

Leader.

For Easy Practice.

The Song Monarch.

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Dwight's Journal of Music,

2 Paper of Art and Literature.

WHOLE No. 936.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1877.

VOL. XXXVI. No. 24.

New Music for March.

d to g.

Advertisements.

COMMON PRAISE.

Theis is carried in the hand' or pocket; but

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DWIGHT'S JOURNAL OF MUSIC,

Published every other Saturday
OLIVER DITSON & CO.
451 Washington St., Boston, Mass.
BY HERMAN 8. BARONI.

VOOAL.
JOHN 8. DWIGHT,

ONE cannot read far through the

admirahy Songs of the Swedish Ladies' Quartetto. EDITOR. STERMS.—!! mailed or called for, $2.00 per annum; coming convinced that Harmony is here to be thmic and Melodic arrangements, without be

Each, 40

No. 1. 'Twas a Song of my native Land. delivered by carriers. $2.50. Payment in advance.

G. 3. d to F.

Keeng. Advertisements will be inserted at the following rates:

plainly explained, if it ever is to be made plain. One Insertion per line 30 cents.

No. 2. The Angelus Bell. G. 4. E to g. Accordingly, as we progress into the more inEach subsequent insertion, per line, 20 cents.

Keems. tricate paths of the science, we find ourselves Don't make a Noise, or you'll wake the Speciai rates for yearly cards. in company with an able and obliging guide,

Baby. G. 2. d to E.

Hunt. 35 J. 8. BPOONER, PRINTER, 17 PROVINCE ST.

who cannot spare us the brain-work wbich Home Treasures. Song and Chorus. F. 3. properly belongs to Harmonic progress, but

Danks. 30 who defends us from false moves, and who will Mollie Avourneen. Song and Chorus. F. not let us work in darkness.

3. d to F.

Pyke. 30
PRICE $1.25.
Shall I wear a White Rose? G. 3. d to g.

Farmer. 40
MISS SO
TEACHER OF MURIC, can be engaged for Con-

O Swallow, sailing lightly. D minor. 3. certs and Musical Enter'ainments. Address Cedar St.,

d to E.

Eichberg. 40 Dover, N.H. P. O. Box 717. 936-949

The Message to Heaven. G. 4. b to E. BY REV. J. H. WATERBURY.

Tours. 40 New England Conservatory of Music.

Summer Friends. C. 4. c to E. Pinsuti. 35

THIS is a book of great merit, so small as to Hark! how sweet the thrushes sing. E. 4. Six distinguished Artists added to its eminent faculty; it contains, on 240 pages, about 100 Chants, all What we have loved, we love forever. F. 3.

E to E. Eichberg. 30 J. H.ORTH, W. H. SHERWOOD, A. W. FOOTE, W.J. WINCH, S. B. WAITSEY and N. Cyr, making 52 instrucof the Psalter, marked so that it can be chanted,

c to D.

Pinsuti. 35 tors; 15.000 students in ten years; $15 pays for 95 lessons. 11.) Hymn Tunes, and other Music adapted to The First, the Early Love. (Was du zuerst Full term opens WITH INCREASED ADVANTAGES. For all other occasions of the Episcopal service. circulars apply to

geliebt). F sharp. 4. f (bass staff) 924

Music Hall, Boston. Specially
adapted to this, it is also a most con-

to d.

Bartsch. 30 venient Chant Book for any Choir or Chorus When gentle Winds. Duet. F. 3. c to F.

that makes a practice of chanting. RS. FLORA E. BARRY, Vocalist and

Schumann. 35 The words * Common Praise" suggest a near A Kiss for a Song. Sg and Cho. F. 3. Teacher of Vocal Music. 124 Chandler St.. relationship to “Common Prayer.” It is, in

c to E.

Giannetti. 30 near Columbus Avenue. (782 fact, a musical Prayer Book.

Instrumental.
Price, 73 Cts.. or $7.20 per doz.
G.
W. FOSTER, Conductor and Vocalist, will resume

Blossoms of the Opera. Joseph André, ea. 25 Lessons on and after Oct. 9, 1875, at 690 Washington

No, 1. La ci Darem. (Don Giovanni). Street, rooms of Woodward & Brown, Boston. Call Sat OLORAL PRAIS..

G. 2. urdays from 11 to 12 o'clock, 898

Irresistible Schottische. For Piano or OrBy Rev. J. H. WATERBURY.

gen. C. 3.

Sudds. 30 G. W. DUDLEY,

Fernald. 35 A charming little Sunday School Song Book, Trial by Jury Waltz. Do 3.

Giannetti, 35 Teacher of Singing and Voice Building. with a hundred tunes and songs in excellent Reform March. C. 3. taste.

Durham Terrace Polka. E. 2. Blanchard. 35 (Dr. H. R. Streeter's Method) Room No.

Price, 25 Cts., or $2.00 per doz.

Chimes of the Deep. Morceau de Salon.

Ab. 3. Mason & Hamlin's Building, 154 Tremont St.

Goerdeler. 50 (797)

Vis á Vis Polka. Eb. 3.

Knight. 30 Dancing on the Green, Polka Rondo. F. 3.

G. D. Wilson, 60 German

Return from Abroad. Waltz. (Heimkehr A NEW AND CORRECT THEORY

aus der Fremde). 3.

Aronson. 60 Four-Part For the Mechanical Formation of the Human Voice Anniversary March. Eb.

Phelps. 50
By DR. H. R. STREETER.

Reve d'Amour. Valse. C. 3. Lamothe. 75
Juliette Valse.

3.

Lamothe. 75 For Mi.red Voices.

PRICE $1.50.

On Mountain High. 3. Weissenborn. 50 Published by permission from bound collection. THIS is not properly an instruction book, but Good-Night, my Only Child. Transcr. Op. Evening Song. Hauplmann. 10 contains a description or explanation of

281. Eb. 4.

Jungmann. 30 Faith in Spring.

Frane. & this very successful teacher's mode of training Phantom Dance. Morceau de Salon. c. Good Night...

Schumann. 6
the voice. It should be properly read and un-

minor. 4.

G. D. Wilson. Du May Dew....... Hiller. 12

Secret Love. Gavotte. G. 4.

Resch. 35 May Song.

Hauptmann. 12 dei stood before practicing
May Song
Frans. 10

With Chime and Song. Concert Polonaise. Morning Wanderings..

Strerter's Exercises in Voice Building, No. 1, 60 cts. ........Duerrner. 10

E. 4. On the Water....

" 2, 60"

Bohm. 60 ..................De Curry. 6

3. 60

Reminiscences of Philadelphia Waltz. C. Pence to the Slumberers.. Vierling. 10

3.

Hardee. 40 Spring.....

Mueller. 6 These may be studied “ without a master," Springtime...

Abt. 6
Sunday.

.. Hiller. 8
but more profitably with one, who is familiar Awaking of the Lion. (Le Reveil du Lion).

Caprice Hervique. For four hands. The Dream......

Schumann. 6
with the method.

Do. 4.

de Konstki. 1.25 The Highland Lassie.

Schumann. 6 The Linden Tree.. Ilauptmann. 10

BOOKS. The Little Ship.

Schumann. 12 The Nun..

....... Schumann. 6 The Old Man... Haydn. 8

Full gilt $4.
The Rose-Bud..

Hauptmann. 8
By DR. H. R. STREETER.

GEMS OF THE DANCE. Boards $2.50; Cloth $3; The Smith....

....Schumann. 8 The Water-Lily.

Gude. 6
Price 60 Cts.

Full gilt $4.
The Wood..
Vierling. 8

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF EMINENT MUSIThe Wood-Bird.

By using these “elements" a teacher may CAL COMPOSERS. Price $1.75. By L. B. UrThis Love is much like the Wind.. Duerrner. 12 bring pupils up to “note reeding” and at the bino. Welcome....

Iller. 6 Welcome Repose...

Vierling, 8

same time do something in a safe way for the
improvement of the voice.

MUSIC BY MAIL.-Music is sent by mall, the expense OLIVER DITSON & CO., Boston.

being on cent for every ounce, or fraction thereof, C. H. Ditnon & Co., J. E. Ditson & Co.,

PUBLISHED BY

about two cents for an ordinary piece of music. Persons 711 Broadway, Successors to Lee & Walker,

OLIVER DITSON & CO.

at a distance will find the conveyance a saving of time and New York.

expense in obtaining supplies. Books can also be sent at Phila.

BOSTON.

double these rates,

Songs.

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66

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Primary Elements of Music The World Of Sora. Boards $2.50; Cloth $3;

Alt. 6

The X Piano Taboret,

HIGHEST HONORS.

U. S. Centennial Commission.
INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION,

PHILADELPHIA, 1876.
BROTHERS.
GRAND,

MASON & HAMLIN
Square and Upright Pianos ORGAN COMPANY.

DECKER

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The UNITED STATES CENTENNIAL COMMISSION announce the following REPORT as the basis of an award to the

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TO

L. POSTAWKA & CO.,

PIANO STOOL.

The Encore.

REPORT. ARE MATCHLESS.

“ The MASON & HAMLIN ORGAN COMPANY'S 33 Union Square, New York. cxhibit of Red Organs and Harmonium-shows

instruments of ihe FIRST RANK in the everu! Decker Brothers' Grand, Square, and

requisites of the clann, viz.: smoothness and equal Upright Pianos are the best made in the country. distribution of tone, scope of expression, resonance and

PATENTED APRIL 402, 1871. They take the lead of all first-class instruments, being singing, quality, freedom and quickness in action of keys unrivalled in beauty of tone, and perfection of mechan

and bellows, with thoroughress of workmanship comism in every detail.

bined with simplicity of action." Send for Illustrated Catalogue.

A. F. GOSHORN, Director General.

J. R. HAWLEY, President.
PRICES REASONABLE.

J. L. CAMPBELL, Serretury.

Chairman of Judges: H. K. OLIVER.
909-1y
TERMS EASY.

JUDGES OF GROUP XV.
J. SCHIEDEMAYER,

SIR WILLIAM THOMPSON,
JAMES C. WATSOX,

E. LEVASSEUR,
GEO. F. BRISTOW,

F. A. P. BARXARD,
J. E. HILYARD,
JOSEPH HEXRY,

A W ARDED
J. M. ARMSTRONG,

P. F. KUPKA,

ED. FAVRE PENET.
MUSIC TYPOGRAPHER.
Sheet Music, Musio Book, Music for Periodicals,

The Mason & Hamlin Organs are the only ones
Leaflets, Music Titles, Etc.

assigued FIRST RANK.
ELECTROTYPED,

.: NEW STYLES. with improvements exhibited at
N. E. Cor. Chestnut and Fifth Streets,
the CENTENNIAL; elegant new cases, with extended

Cambridgeport, Mass.
PHILADELPHIA.

tops, in great variety. Organs sold for cash or instal.
ments, or rented until hent pays, on very favorable

The United States ('entennial Commission terms, only one tenth the price being required to be paid announces the following as the ba-is of an down. CATALOGUES and PRICE LIST: f.ee.

Award to Louis POSTAWKA & CO., Cambridge898-1y

MASON & HAMLIY ORGAN CO.,

port, Mass., for 931

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! ! REDUCTION IN PRICE ! ! SUCCESSORS TO

REPORT: LEE & WALKER,

For Ingenuity of Construction, and firmness 922 CHESTNUT ST.,

Richardson's New Method and immovability, when in use.
Philadelphia.

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(SEAL.] J. R. HAWLEY, President. FOR PIANO.

Attest: J. L. CAMPBELL, Secretary. - A CARD

“ We think the Stool one of the best ever offered to the public,

STEINWAY & SONS, New York." Music teachers whose specialty is the teaching THE PUBLISHERS, BELIEVING THE DEMAND

For Sale by all First-Class Pianoforte and Furniture of Singing Classes, and who have not charge of OF TI'E TIMES SIIOULD BE MET, HAVE REDUCED

Dealers. choirs, have expressed a preference for books THE PRICE OF THIS FAMOUS METHOD FOR containing an Instructive Course, with abund- THE PIANO-FORTE TO $ 3. 25

CHAS. H. DITSON. OLIVER DITSON. JOHN C. HAYNES. ance of Exercises, simple Songs in one, two,

THEY BELIEVE THE PUBLIC WILL APPRECIATE three or four parts, Glees, etc., and a little Sacred

TAEIR ACTION. AS TO MERIT AND EXCELLENCE CIAS. H. DITSON & CO. Music. In short, they wish and need just what THERE IS NO BOOK ITS EQUAL. IT STANDS is to be used in Singing School, and make no

(Successors to Mason Bros. and Firth, Son & Co.) FIRST AND FOREMOST, AS ITS SALES OF HUNdirect preparation for singing in church.

DREDS OF THOUSANDS WILL ATTEST. IS AT MUSIC PUBLISHERS For the accommodation of such teachers,

AND DEALERS IX
DITSON & Co. have successively issued Mr. TRACTIVE, THOROUGH AND SUCCESSFUL. IT IS

CONSIDERED BY ALL FAIR JUDGES TO BE THE
Emerson's “SINGING SCHOOL,” and the “Song
MONARCH,” and now provide, for the same pur-

PERFECTION OF A PIANO INSTRUCTION BOOK. pose, “THE ENCORE, compiled by L. 0. l’RICE $ 3.25, SENT POST-PAID FOR THIS PRICE. EMERSON. It will be a worthy successor of the AD SOLD BY ALL MUSIC AND BOOK DEALERS, above named books, and will be widely used. AND USED BY THE PRINCIPAL TEACHERS IN

AND MUSICAL MERCHANDISE,
Price to be 75 cts. per copy.
THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA.

No. 711 Broadway, New York. A DICTIONARY OF MUSICAL TERMS.

Branch of Oliver Ditson & Co. Edited by J. STAINER, M. A., Mus. Doc. of Magdalen College. Oxford, and W. A. BARRETT,

EDW. SCHUBERTII & CO. Mus. Bach., St. Mary's Hall, Oxfe.

Tu Two Volumes. By Eugene Thayer. It does not need the above array of titles to

IMPORTERS AND COLISHERS OF MUSIC, convince his, that this is a work of unusual eru- Each Volume has 10 Nivers.

No. 23 UNION SQUARE, dition and merit. Although there are multitudes

Each Number has 16 Pages. of short definitions, the prevailing character of

Each Number costs $1.25.

NEW YORK.

(795 the work is that of a collection of treatises on important musical subjects. All of them are TUE ORGANIST'S RELIANCE

LYON & HEALY, well written, the style is clear and easily under is a collection of easy arrangements of the most stood, and there are abundant musical and beautiful pieces of the great Masters, and is for

MUSIC PUBLISHERS, picture illustrations. The treatise on the human either Pipe or Reed Organ.

CHICAGO, ILL., sarynx(vocal chords &c.) covers a dozen pages,

It will be noticed that the present collection and has many cuts illustrating different portions occupies entirely different ground from that Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Sheet Music, filled by the “Album." This is all easy music.

Music Books, and Musical Merchandise About as many pages are devoted to the hu

Of Every Description. man ear, the article also containing engravings. Vol. 1. Contains Music for Church Service.

The human hand also, is minutely described Vol. 2. Contains Music for Home Entertainment. Our stock of Sheet Music, Music Books, Musiin its relatçon to fingering. Ancient instruments Of the arrangement of the numbers in Vol. 1. cal Instruments, etc., is the largest and most nicely pictured, the various parts of organs well No. 6 will serve as a specimen. It has:

complete in the North West. Our connection described, and a great deal of use[ul informa

with Messrs. 0. Ditson & Co., enables us to fur

A Chorus from the Mount of Olives. (4pages) tion about composition imparted.

nish their publications to Western Dealers, at

A Service l'ostlude.... .by Hense. (2 Indeed, although a dictionary, it is a very

net Buston Prices. A

.by Andre. (2 readable book, and one will naturally continue

In addition to the publications of Messrs. A

Prelude. .by Cullin. (2 to turn over the leaves with continued interest,

o.

Ditson & Co., we keep on hand and furnish
A
Communion

(2 until the contained ideas are pretty thoroughly

and Music and Music Books published in AmeriA

Batiste. (4 understood and assimilated.

ca, together with a choice stock of Foreign Price in Boards $1.00 Price in Cloth $5.00 OLIVER DITSON & Co., Boston. Music.

1794–3m

Sheet Music, Music Books ,

The Orgauist's Reliauce. New York Branch of Oliver Ditson & Co.

&c.

WHOLE No. 936.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1877.

VOL. XXXVI. No, 24.

*

*

Translated for this Journal. will follow my advice in regard to the tempo, the first to teach them the right understanding Gluck's Overture to "Iphigenia in

which, conceived in my sense, -and, as I think of their own heroes and their works. But

I have shown, the right one-gives of itself the there you mistake my motive; so far from Aulis,"

right clew for the rendering of the overture. seeking to shame or teach these happy souls, I (Letter from RICHARD WAGNER to the Editor of the I will only add, for any such sympathizers in loathe the utter fruitlessness of such an under“Neue Zeitschrift für Musik," Leipzig, June, 1854.)

my views, that, in the last performance in Zu- taking, and I feel the greatest desire to shelter (Concluded from l'age 386.)

rich. I felt moved by an inward necessity, and myself against every such imputation by here That Gluck gave no conclusion to this Over- for the satisfaction of my excited feeling for declaring openly and loudly that, in my view, ture, is evidence not only of a poetic purpose the subject, to take the first eight bars of the the most rational course would be, to perform nothlying at the foundation of it, but also of the introduction in a fine and gradual crescendo, and ing more of Gluck and his associates, for the reahighest artistic wisdom of the master, which the eleven following bars, on the contrary, in son, among others, that their crentions are for the knew precisely that which only can be reprc- an equally almost imperceptible decrescendo. most part performed 80 lifelessly, that their imsented through an instrumental piece. Fortu. Then in the great forte theme, after I had made pression, coupled with the respect we have been nately for his purpose he had no need to require the violinists execute the figures in sixteenths taught to feel for them from our youth up, can anything else from his Overture, but just what

. with as large a stroke of the bow a possible, I only make us utterly confused and rob us of our evers Overture at best can only give: incite- held to the expression marks here added for the latest productivity. ment. Had he, like later masters, wished to tender passage:

Yours, round off the introductory piece to a satisfac

RICHARD WAGNER. tory conclusion, it would have led him away

Zurich, 17 June, 1854. from his higher artistic end, which lay in the drama: and moreover, the instrumental piece

Petc.

A Haydn Memorial. itself could only be brought to such a presump

(From the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik.) tive conclusion by the imposition of most by which means this motive seemed to me to

(Concluded from Page 370.) arbitrary claims upon the imagination of the preserve its peculiar charm, not possible in a hearer. rapid tempo. For the third theme, and the

In dwelling upon Haydn's compositions, the transition to it, I gave the following render- biographer proceeds with as much warmth as Now one who undertakes to furnish this oving:

justice. A perusal of his analysis of the first erture with the necessary musical conclusion

eighteen quartets will sufficiently convince the for a concert performance by itself, is met, so

reader of this. As regards the early symphosoon as he rightly comprehends its subject

nies, the point of view from which he would

have us consider them must meet with our apmatter, by the difficulty of bringing about any

proval. He says: “Inasmuch as it will always satisfying close which will not, in view of the

dim po Cmf p mf p be a source of enjoyment to us to watch the plan of the whole, as well as of the individual

development of genius, these symphonies, beity of the motives, be forced and arbitrary, and

longing to Haydn's first period, likewise afford

ample material for serious reflection. Granted prove altogether fatal to the right impression

the objection, that their resuscitation would be of the work. Shall one of the motives finally

mf po mf po

of but little use as far as the general public is become so paramount, as to crowd out the oth

concerned, we cannot but regret that at least ers, or triumphantly subdue them? That were

some of their number, which are worthy of a

better fate, should have fallen victions to Time. a very easy matter for all the Jubilee-Overture

For, apart from their unpretentious instrumenwriters of our day; but I should have felt that

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tation, they have still in them sufficient vitalithereby I had given my friend just no concep

ty to be able to interest and delight smaller tion of Gluck's music, which was my only mo

Some further nuances in this sense, particu- circles; only it would be necessary to approach tive in the undertaking. larly in the connecting motives, suggest them- them in the right spirit, not forgetting that

they were, in the first place, intended only for And so it suddenly occurred to me, as the selves. The place toward the end, where I felt recreation at social gatherings, and for a very best escape from the dilemma, that I would not myself compelled to a momentary acceleration limited number of performers, for which rea

son their execution by a full orchestra of modattempt a conclusion in the sense of the cus of the time, I have already referred to. The tomary overtures of to-day; but, by the final all-important matter, as to all these sugges- at the expense of their natural proportions. It

ern pretensions would only cause them to swell resumption of the very first (slow) motive, I tions, is, that they be not executed in a sharp

was the custom of the time to which they owe would close the course of alternating motives and glaring manner, but always with the their origin to perform several of them on the in such a way, that we should reach at last a greatest fineness; and so with all similar same occasion; they had, therefore, to be com

pact in form, and modest as regards the means truce, if no full peace. Besides, what sublime nuances. Art work ever gives a full and comfortable

You see, my worthy friend, from this attempt double complement of violins, hautboys, and

employed. A quarter of an hour's duration, a peace? Is it not one of the noblest effects of at a performance of a Gluck overture in a con- horns, were the normal conditions, which were all Art, simply to excite in the highest sense ? cert hall, that I, who for the most part wish to rarely permitted to be exceeded. Nor did

It was a very favorable circumstance for my know nothing of concerts, do know how to these compositions attempt to raise the expecundertaking, that the Overture actually leads adapt myself to circumstances; but that I do tations by striking effects, or to appear more

important than they really were. It is an interback into that earliest motive with the first this out of no respect for the circumstances esting fact that symphonies by Haydn (probascene of the opera. Surely then I should do will become clear to you, if you consider the bly the slow movements only) have frequently the least possible violence to pure musical fit- above account of what led me to perform the been played at church in place of graduals,

previous to the introduction, by his brother ness, by taking up the original thought, just Iphigenia overture.

Perhaps you Michael, of vocal graduals. Thus in the musias the master himself did, only bringing it to a think it gives me satisfaction when people hold cal library of the Convent of Göttweih the simple conclusion in the tonic.

me a destroyer of our musical religion, and orchestral parts of Haydn's Symphonies show * Perhaps this or that conductor of think they must cry me down for an audacious the days marked on them on which such perconcert performances muy share my view of an denier of the glories which the musical heroes formances had taken place, either in the con

vent itself (in the crypt) or in neighboring overture, which on account of its celebrity of- of the past have created, -to feel that I punish churches. By this opportunity we also learn ten appears in programmes; perhaps too he them right sensibly, by being, to their shame, I how frequent and manifold had been the culti

&c.

cresc.

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