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young Chauving read with so much every day hundreds of new subscribers. enthusiasm and delight. M. Guéroult He then offered Baron de Brisse's new is an intimate personal and political work on Gastronomy, which could not friend of Prince Napoleon, whose views be bought at the bookstores, to every are frequently reflected in the editorials new subscriber, and this raised his cirof the Opinion. Since 1863 M. Guéroult culation to 20,000. And last, he made has been a member of the Legislative his greatest and most successful coup by Body, where he votes with the Demo- declaring war against Napoleon III., crats, and had recently that violent predicting the speedy downfall of his quarrel with M. de Keroeguen, of Tou- dynasty, and commencing onslaughts on lon, who charged him and Havin with him, such as no journalist had hitherto having been bribed by Count Bismarck, dared to make on the Emperor. The —a charge which a searching investiga- opposition party, as a general thing, at tion by a court of honor proved to be first did not believe Girardin to be utterly unfounded and malicious. The quite sincere in his sudden and utter circulation of the Opinion Nationale is desertion of the cause of Napoleon III., about eighteen thousand. Its expenses but all bought his paper, which has are small, and it is considered one of now a daily circulation of over thirty the best-paying papers in Paris. thousand copies. In his latest pros

About two years ago, the Liberté, pectus, M. de Girardin pays a compliwhich had been started a few months ment to the American press by saying before, was near the close of its short- that “the Liberté is the American news. lived existence. Its average circulation paper transplanted into French soil." amounted to seven hundred and thirty- Besides being a successful journalist, M. three copies, the highest daily sale hav- de Girardin is a skilful financier and ing been fifteen hundred copies. At real-estate speculator, and reputed to be that time Emile de Girardin withdrew worth several millions. His personal from the Presse, and bought the droop- appearance is not very prepossessing ; ing Liberté for a mere “song.” With he looks forbidding and stern, and him he took the ablest sub-editors of somewhat arrogant. the Presse, and eight months afterward A kindred spirit, so far as newsthe Liberté had already a circulation of paper management is concerned, is the 15,000 copies. Girardin managed the proprietor of the Figaro, Henri de Villeaffairs of his new paper with consum- messant, the great journalistic speculator mate skill. Regardless of the outcry of France. He is indefatigable in newsof the publishers of the other papers, paper ventures, in starting dailies, weekwho predicted the speedy downfall of lies, and magazines ; and his enterprise the Liberté, he repeated the same man- and boldness in this respect are no less æuvre, by which, in 1835, he had made remarkable than bis sagacity and his the Presse the paper of the largest cir

He has all the time “many culation in France. He reduced the irons in the fire," and the old adage is price of the paper from fifteen to ten certainly not applicable to his case, for centimes. Besides, he engaged the fa- he has made a great deal of money out mous Baron de Brisse as “culinary of his manifold ventures. His success, contributor, and the daily “ bills of however, will not be considered surfare,” which the latter published on the prising when it is known that he is & fourth page, laughed to scorn as they great advertiser—in fact, the most libwere at first by the other papers, were eral and judicious advertiser in all soon as popular as Girardin's pungent France. Whenever he starts a new editorials on the first page. It became weekly or monthly, he advertises it for a matter of ton to dine according to weeks in a manner altogether unheard Baron Brisse's daily bill of fare ; every of in France. For instance, four years married lady, every rrai cordon bleu, ago he started the Grand Journal Politiwanted the Liberté, and Girardin gained que, and the Grand Journal Littéraire,

success,

22

two very attractive and cheap weekly instead of Victor Hugo's work was a papers. Before issuing the first number, very fine production, and the way he he had communicated the prospectus to got it was likewise characteristic of the a number of distinguished politicians, man. He had been negotiating for littérateurs, &c., and the letters which some time past for the purchase of the they wrote him in reply, covering a full MSS. The or, however, on hearing page of the great daily papers, he in- that Villemessant had at the same time serted in each of the Parisian journals, made efforts to obtain Victor Hugo's paying on one day upwards of 40,000 manuscript, got incensed, entered into francs for this advertisement. Within negotiations with the publisher of the next three days, 375,000 copies of another paper, and when Villemessant each of the newspapers were sold, and came back from Guernsey, and wanted over a hundred thousand regular sub- to reopen negotiations with him, he scribers secured. Villemessant himself peremptorily refused to see him, and is a writer of great ability, and his sent him word he could not get the articles are always eagerly sought for. manuscript, it having already been sold He has thus far been at the head of two to another publisher. Now Villemesdaily papers, the Événement, which was sant knew full well that, if he could suppressed by the Government about only obtain a single interview with the eighteen months ago after a brief career irate romancist, he would be able to of unparalleled prosperity, and the persuade him to let him have the manuFigaro, which he has lately converted script. But the great question was how into a daily political paper, and which to obtain an interview. Do you know bids fair under his management to out how he managed to get it? In the folstrip all the other organs of the liberal lowing night the romancist was awaparty. Its circulation is now upwards kened and received a note, written in a of 87,000, and will soon surpass that of beautiful small hand on perfumed rosethe Siècle.

colored paper.

"A lady urgently reVillemessant's efforts to direct and to quested an interview with him at the attract the attention of the public to Maison Dorée, room so and so." You bis paper are sometimes marvels of may believe that the romancist had ingenuity. On learning that Victor never dressed in such a hurry. In five Hugo had completed his “ Toilers of minutes he was already on his way to the Sea," and had sold the MSS. to the Maison Dorée. On entering the Lacroix, Verboeckhoven & Co., he trav- designated room of the famous restauelled post-haste to the sea-shore, char- rant, he was met, to his utter disgust, tered a special steamship to Guernsey, not by a lady, but by Villemessant, who and reached the illustrious author of burst into loud laughter, locked the Les Misérables before the MSS. had door, and told him he had beautifully been delivered to the printers. He trapped him. “But,” said the romanoffered Hugo three hundred thousand cist, angrily, “ you did not write the francs for the book, but Hugo, although letter, a lady-" “A lady wrote it, no author knows better how to drive a to be sure," replied Villemessant; “it sharp bargain, would not accept the was my dame de comptoir (lady booktempting offer, because, he said, the keeper), to whom I dictated it.” When * Toilers of the Sea " should be read at the two parted company an hour afteronce from beginning to end, and ought ward, Villemessant had bought the not to be issued piecemeal in the col. MSS. Of course, he was not so cruel umns of a daily paper. I need not add as to conceal this amusing transaction that Villemessant took good care to from the public. inform the world of the incidents and The Courrier Français, the organ of objects of this remarkable trip to the radical Democracy, was recently Guernsey.

sold for seventy-six thousand francs, The serial novel which he secured although it has a daily circulation of

over sixteen thousand copies. But M. terior, or the functionary intrusted by Vermorel, its proprietor and editor-in- him with the surveillance of the press. chief, had had so many difficulties with At first the proprietors of the Charitari the Government that it was feared lest thought it would be utterly impossible the Emperor should order it to be sup for them to go on under a law so expressed. The Courrier is a perfect ceedingly rigorous, and which, they thorn in the side of the Bonapartists, knew full well, would be carried out in and prosecution after prosecution for the most inexorable manner, and they violations of the press-law are insti- contemplated for a while suspending tuted against it. In consequence of the publication of the Charitari. It these prosecutions, M. Vermorel will was solely owing to the efforts and rehave the pleasure of passing the next monstrances of M. Huart, the editor-inthree years of his life in prison.

chief, that this resolution was not carHardly less radical than the Courrier ried into effect; and the Charirari now is M. A. Peyrat’s Avenir National, an entered upon the most arduous porable journal, edited by Peyrat, Fred- tion of its checkered and eventful caerick Morin and Taxile Delord. Its reer. It would require a whole volume circulation is increasing very rapidly, to narrate all its struggles with the and so is that of the Epoque under the Government censors, the losses which it clever management of Clément Duver- sustained in consequence of the tamenois, who was formerly managing edi ness and lack of spirit which arose from tor of the Liberté, and whom Girardin the heavy pressure constantly brought is said to have discharged because his to bear upon it, and the petty, insidious, articles attracted almost as much atten and harassing persecutions to which it tion as his own.

was subjected. Oftentimes the GovernThe Charivari, the humorous daily— ment censors rejected engravings suffiwhich, though it has lost a great deal cient to fill half a dozen issues of the of its former prestige and influence, paper, and the articles containing politshould be mentioned here on account ical allusions not exactly to the liking of the political significance attached to of the Minister and his subordinates, many of its articles, and, above all, to always brought in their train hints and the exceedingly clever caricatures with warnings that a repetition of the offence which it abounds-—is, perhaps, the Pari would lead to a prosecution or a sumsian journal whose editors have hitherto mary suppression of the paper. A rather had to encounter more difficulties and strange and unexpected consequence of obstacles in the discharge of their oner this unparalleled pressure from above, ous duties than any of their colleagues compensating the proprietors, in a measof the political dailies. The Emperor ure, for the loss of influence and presNapoleon, who, despite his habitual tige, which the Charicari necessarily mask of indifference and coldness, it is sustained under the circumstances, was well known, is keenly sensitive to the the fact that such political caricatures attacks made upon him by the news as it was allowed to publish, especially papers, and especially to the weapon of those relating to foreign affairs, were ridicule, more powerful in France than looked upon by the public as being in anywhere else, added to the famous consonance with the views and intenpress-ordinance of February 14, 1852, of tions of the Government. Hence, it his own accord, and contrary to the happened not unfrequently that the advice and remonstrances of M. de public attached considerable importance Morny and most of his leading adher to these caricatures, and some of them, ents, a section requiring the editors of strange as it may seem, even exerted a all illustrated papers to submit the marked influence on the stock speculaproofs of all engravings of a political tions of the Bears and Bulls of the character and tendency, prior to their Bourse. M. Louis Huart, who, though publication, to the Minister of the In a native of Treves in Germany, was for

many years the managing editor of this leled bitterness, which induced the pubjournal, if I may say so, more peculiarly lishers, not to try to eclipse each other and characteristically French than any by the merits of their papers, by the of its contemporaries, died a year or artistic value of the illustrations, and two ago, and his former assistant, Paul the excellent character of the readingVéron, a clever and incisive humorist, matter, but by reducing the subscriptook his place. Cham,” the famous tion rates to the lowest figures, and to caricaturist, ,-a nobleman by the name make up for their losses by cutting of De Noë,-is still the leading artist of down their expenses as much as possithe Charivari. Financially, the paper ble. And thus it happens that a great is no longer very prosperous. Its ex- many of the wood-cuts in these papers, penses are comparatively heavy, and the published in a city boasting of so many circulation has very sensibly declined eminent xylographers, are decidedly insince 1852. It rarely exceeds three ferior to those published in the illusthousand copies, and averages, perhaps, trated papers of England and Germany; not over twenty-five hundred.

that they oftentimes publish old clichés As for the large illustrated papers, of engravings, which were issued years the Illustration, the Monde Illustré, the ago in the latter; and, hampered as Univers Illustré, etc., etc., it seems, at they are also by the other influences first sight, strange that their circulation fettering the French press in general, should be so much smaller than that of they display a lack of energy and enthe illustrated papers of Germany and terprise by no means calculated to inEngland; for, while the Leipzig Illus- crease their circulation and influence. trirte Zeitung circulates upward of fifty Justice requires us, however, to say that thousand copies, and its Stuttgart rival, the literary matter of these illustrated Ueber Land und Meer, between sixty and journals, as a general thing, is decidedly seventy thousand copies; and while the superior to that of their English and London illustrated papers are known to German contemporaries. The most have as large a circulation, the Illustra- eminent littérateurs of France are among tion, as a general thing, sells only be their regular contributors ; and their tween fourteen and fifteen thousand theatrical criticisms, their cau

auseries, copies, the Monde Illustré, between seven their chroniques, are generally very well and nine thousand, and the Univers written, sprightly, and interesting, while Illustré, perhaps, one or two thousand the feuilleton, that most important part more. The trouble is that, for a long of the French newspaper, of course, contime past, there has been going on be- tains the productions of the most poputween these papers a rivalry of unparal- lar novelists of the day.

NOTE.—Since this article was written, the most important restrictions on the establishment of new journals in France have been removed, and a large number are announced for speedy publication, with the endorsement of many names of weight and influence that have not before been connected with the newspaper world.

It is worthy of note that not one of the new papers proposes to support imperialism as it is.— Editor.

SAVED FROM THE ASYLUM.

I.

TIIE PROMISE.

tor a long time, and the sheep are sadly

in need of a shepherd.” Rev. ASHLEY MULGROVE and Hester “ You should go, then, Ashley. Be Mason stood side by side in the little cheerful, dear; you know I shall write parlor of the Widow Mason's cottage. you twice every week.” He had on his overcoat, while his hat “I don't mean to complain, darling; and muffler were in a chair ready for I am ready and anxious to labor in my him to take. There was a certain proud Master's vineyard ; but I don't like to bearing in the man that gave him a go without you. Somehow, Hester, it knightly air rather than a ministerial seems as if I had been imperfectly mien; and as he stepped forward to say made, and that essential portions of my good-by, putting his arm gently around organism only existed in you. When her waist, while Hester rested her face I'm away from you, my mind is like a and hands upon his bosom, Abelard machine that has lost its balance-wheel. and Heloise could not have surpassed It may run with great velocity, but it them in this lover's tableau.

needs something to regulate it and temAshley looked down upon his treas- per its force. Excuse my likening you ure, and then, turning his eyes heaven- to a balance-wheel, Hester ; but I don't ward, seemed to invoke God's blessing think I shall ever run well without you.” on the woman he loved.

“Dear Ashley,” she said, with her Thus they stood in silence. Their dark, gray eyes full of tenderness, and hearts throbbed with one passion, one a consciousness of her power over her thought, one desire. Whether in these lover, “it makes me proud to know moments there was most of pain or that I am necessary to your happiness, pleasure, it is impossible to tell. These and I trust I may be to your usefulare feelings which come to us once in a lifetime, and only once.

“ You are to both. And now I must Hester was the first to speak : “ Ash- go." ley, you must go, for you'll have to take He was holding both her hands in the stage early in the morning."

his, when she said: “Remember your “I know it, Hester," he replied, promise, Ashley : you are never to study “ but there is something makes me later than ten o'clock at night; then dread to leave you.”

you are to pray, and always mention “But it won't be long till next October, you know,” she said, with an effort “ Well, good-by, dear, sweet Hester, at cheerfulness.

precious wife! Tell me you love me, “Nine months — nine months,” he

once more." answered, sadly.

“ Ashley, all that woman can love, I “But that's only a little while. You

love you." with your sermons and I with my sew- “God bless you, Hester!” ing, the time will soon be gone."

"His angels guard you, Ashley." “Hester, I wish you could go with Here the lips of the two lovers met, me; but God knows best."

their speech melted into a long, linger“Must you go so soon?”

ing kiss, which sealed the farewell of “ Yes."

two souls not to be separated in Eter“ Why?”

nity, though they part in Time. “Deacon Rowler says in his last letter Soon the door closed gently, and the that I must come on the first of January, steps of the Rev. Ashley Mulgrove for the society has been without a pas- crackled upon the crisp snow, which

ness.

my name.”

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