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Of women mighty in all good deeds,
These, and the like, each student still
Here followeth then, in modern phrase, Baronius' story of ancient days:
Constantia, sister of Constantine,
Her husband, Caius Licinius,
Yet was her fate of another sort:
At Nicomedia was a man-
Him had Constantia questioned much
-But always he stopped most reverently
Constantia often longed, in vain,
To Nicomedia then she went
Again and again did words like these
“You wish,” he writes, " that myself should send
“ Nor do I think that image meant
“ Who, therefore, by colors so dead and cold,
“ If, then, His figure, when here on earth,
"I do not send you the likeness, then.
And here Baronius turns the page
OUR CIVIL SERVICE.
THERE are many weighty problems Cabinet, and other legislative and execubefore the country in connection with tive authorities might rise at least in the reconstruction and the regeneration public estimation in proportion to the of the Southern States, and with finan- additional prize-money exacted from cial and fiscal affairs; but these, and the country for their retainers. other questions, are all subordinate in But these satellites of the executive importance to that relating to the or- and legislative planets are not only paid ganization of the civil service of the by the state, instead of being paid by United States.
the luminaries around whom they reAt present there is no organization volve, but they rob the state; they missave that of corruption; no system save manage public business, and bring free that of chaos; no test of integrity save institutions into disrepute by proclaimthat of partisanship; no test of qualifi- ing to the world that representative cation save that of intrigue.
government can only be maintained by The consequence is, that the revenue subsidizing organized bands of mercelaws are not executed, for the want of nary office-holders, and by securing the faithful officers; and these and other boon of political liberty at the cost laws are imperfectly applied, for the of morality and of the culture and want of competent functionaries. attainments requisite for the public
In local, general, and Presidential service. elections, the whole country is thrown If republican institutions cannot be into convulsions; and who would im- maintained except by holding out agine that these demonstrations of pub- bribes to voters, it would at all events lic liberty are converted into engines of be more economical and respectable for public demoralization ? But in the pres- the United States Government to make ent chaos of the civil service it is so. a bargain with each person elected to Every man elected to State or national legislative and executive offices, paying executive or legislative positions, prom
him a certain amount for his expenses ises offices to a number of citizens who at the poll or in the State legislatures, vote for him, and the great majority and reserving to itself the power of of the hundreds of thousands of office- appointing public officers who have holders of the United States are virtu- undergone examinations and passed the ally nothing else than political merce- tests prescribed by Mr. Jenckes's Civil naries, who are paid by the state, in- Service bill. But to pay the gentlemen stead of being paid by the individual who help the honorable Representatives whom their votes lift into power.
from the different States to their respecIf one hundred thousand mercenaries tive seats, or eminent politicians to secwere actually paid in cash by the state retaryships, collectorships, and foreign at the average rate of two thousand missions, by conferring upon them pubdollars, the country would know that it lic offices, allotted geographically or is bled annually to the extent of two indiscriminately, and then to incur the hundred million dollars; and resign risk of their robberies, blunders, and itself by adding this amount to the mismanagements of every kind, is not general cost of representative govern- only intolerable upon the score of total ment; and Congressmen and Custom depravity, but also upon that of total house Directors, and members of the stupidity, and one of two things is sure
to happen: either the Republic must inspired by the traffic in public offices break up this systematized demorali was quelled by the greater indignation zation, or it will break up the Repub aroused by the supremacy of the slave lic.
oligarchy. As long as this demoralization lasts, That the traffic in public offices bethe Republic will be so only in name. came the most formidable auxiliary of In fact, it will be a species of crapulous,
this supremacy, and that the most undemocratic imperialism, which ransacks enlightened elements of the European the gutters of the land for the purpose importations of population were conof enlisting mercenaries, who, in reward trolled by it, almost despotically, refor their services, prop up the Presiden quire no demonstration at our hands. tial throne and the legislative pillars, The facts are matter of history. The and then, with the true instinct of free- politicians of the Tory and slavery booters recruited under the piratical school would never have had such a banner that to the “victors belong the long lease of power, if they had not spoils,” rob and disgrace a nation which been able to hold out the bait of office is foolish enough to believe that liberty to their most unscrupulous camp-folcan thrive when its standard-bearers lowers. To talk to them of a reform in are reeking with ignorance and venal the civil service, would have been reity.
garded as stark insanity: they would Foreign nations need not be startled have scouted the idea of dispelling a by this frank statement of ugly facts. chaos that fostered their designs, and If they had not introduced African of introducing a system of culture and slavery into the North American conti- integrity which would have blasted nent, and if they had not fastened upon
their hopes. this country the noble but irksome task Conscious as every thoughtful citizen of educating into manhood and freedom was of the abuses of political life, he European paupers and the children of was equally conscious of the futility these paupers, the American people of attempting to reform any of its might have found leisure and oppor- branches as long as the fountain head tunity to devise measures for purging of political liberty and morals was poitheir public service from ignorance and soned by the abettors of the slavery corruption, and for making the tests of power. moral and mental qualification more While the country was struggling stringent in proportion to the increase against the progress of slavery, it was of population and territory, and the at the same time engaged in the civilicorresponding increase of public offi- zation of its new territories, and in the
education of its new European streams But as it was, we had no breathing- of population. To have converted the time. Slavery stared us in the face at American wildernesses into prosperous the very dawn of our national existence. cities, and marshalled gigantic armies The slavery question so distracted the for the overthrow of the old Tory and country, that even those who were ap- slave power, and at the same time kept palled by the growing demoralization our civil service and political machinery of the public service shrank from lay- free from those abuses, which had such ing hands upon the monster, because it an immense scope, we would have been was overshadowed by the still greater superhuman. monster, slavery.
We have been only human and could It may be asserted that, during the not carry out a series of vast transforwar of independence, the curses against mations and reforms at one and the slavery were hushed by the necessity of same time. unanimity in throwing off the British It is because we have accomplished yoke, and that, since the achievement such great deeds within a few generaof our independence, the painful feeling tions, that we can afford to lay bare the