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head upon the scaffold; an act which might have been secured as well by will always reflect disgrace upon the the banishment as by the death of memory of Richelieu, whose safety his victim.

REMARKABLE DREAM. Ir may be assumed as a certain |Some philosophers imagine that fact, that almost every man has, at the mind never remains inert, that some period or other of his life, ex- successions of ideas incessantly preperienced in sleep a consciousness sent themselves, and that thought is of every action he could have per- | always employed. With respect, formed when awake. He travels however, to this notion, it may be over extended regions; he runs, walks, alleged, that it is highly improbable rides with freedom and agility, and that dreams, which, according to the not unfrequently seems endued with supposition, must perpetually occur, new and superior powers; he soars should be so seldom and so faintly aloft, and is wafted through the recollected. To this it may be anair, or gently descending, he glides swered, that the same thing happens through the waters, and with such | when we are awake. Let any perperfect command and security, that son try to recal the whole train of when he awakes, he is hardly per- ideas that has passed through his suaded it was but a dream. In op- mind during the twelve hours that position to these observations it is he has been stirring about in the orurged, that exactly similar effects are dinary business of the day: he will produced from disease: such is its be able to remember particular esinfluence in numberless cases, that sential transactions; butif he attempts the subject seems just as forcibly.im to recover the mass of ideas that fillpressed, as from any ideas that could ed his mind for that portion of time, be received through the medium of or even only a considerable part of the senses. Persons insane will per- the time, he will find it impracticable severe in exercises beyond their usu- | labour to trace the connection of his al strength, seeming all the while thoughts. The same broken conto entertain no doubt that they are fused assemblage will be perceived moving in carriages, on horseback, even by him who possesses the most performing military exercises and evo- retentive memory, as when he first lutions, or buried in philosophical awakes with that imperfect consciousexperiments. Multitudes of such ness that is usually termed a dream. cases will readily occur; and it is ar- Were we to commit to writing, in gued, that as the mind, in those ex- the minutest manner, every idea our amples, is evidently not disengaged | remembrance then suggested, it would from the controul of the body, so nei- |be difficult, perhaps impossible, to ther, in the other, is there any reason collect such a number as would emto suppose it different; the circum- | ploy one hour to read over. stance of sleep and insensibility being | The popular belief, that dreams something not unlike disease, a state are a kind of preternatural admoniof suspension of many of the active tion, meant to direct our conduct, is powers.

la notion extremely dangerous. As nothing can be more ill-founded, it happened much more frequently than ought to be strenuously combated. they have been either noticed or reInnumerable reasons might be offer- | collected. tbstrak 919 W PNIEKS ed; but it will be sufficient to say, Amongst the various histories of that it is inconsistent with the gene- | singular dreams and corresponding ral design of Providence; it would events, the following seems to merit overturn the principles that regulate being rescued from oblivion. Its ausociety. The benign intention of the thenticity will appear from the relaAuthor of nature is in no instance tion; and a more extraordinary conmore eminently displayed than in currence of fortuitous and accidental withholding from us the certain know- circumstances can scarcely be proledge of future events. b. Were it duced or paralleled, at d eilovat. otherwise constituted, man would be s Adam Rogers, a screditable and the most miserable of beings;o he decent person, va man of good sense would become indifferent tos every and repute, who kept a publierhouse action, and incapable ofo exertion; || in Portlaw, a small hamleti nine or overwhelmed with the terrors of im- || ten miles from Waterford, in Ireland, pending misfortune, akes would ben- dreamed one night that he saw tuo dure the misery of criminals awaiting men at a particular green spot on the the moment of execution. The adjoining mountain, one of them a proof, unanswerableand decisive, that small sickly-looking man, the other dreams are not to be considered as | vemarkably estrong and darge: He prognostics, is, that no example can then saw the little mani murder the be produced of their successful ef- otheva and awoke in graát ragitation. fect, either in pointing out means of The eireumstances of the creamwene preventing harm, or facilitating bene- so distinct and forcible, that he confit. Certain instances may be alleg- || tinued much affected by them.se He ed, where the conformity of a dream related them to his wife, and also to with some subsequent seventh may severallsneighboursernext morning. have been remarkablezabut we may After some time he went out coursventure to asserts that such disco- ping withogreyhounds, accompanied, veries have generally happened after | ainongst othêrs, by one Mr. Browne, the faets, and that fancy and inge- the Roman Catholic priest ofis the nuity have had the chief share in parishdi Hesesoon stopped ako the tracing the resemblance, or finding above-mentioned i green spot on the out the explanation. If it be grant-mountain, and calling to Mr Browne, ed that thought never stops, cand pointed it out to chimnand told him that the mind is perpetually employ- | what thada appeared in ihis dream. ed, the wonder should rather be, During the remainder of the day he that so few cases of similitude Whave thought little more about itab Next been recorded. If millions of the morning he was extremely startled at human species through the whole || seeing two strangers enter his house, extent of time have been, during their | about eleven o'clock in the forenoon. state of slumber, continually subject He immediately ran into the inner to dream, perhaps the calculators room, and desired his wife to take of chances would be apt to maintain, particular notice, for they were prethat near coincidences have probably cisely the two men that he had seen

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in his dream.. When they had con- | very near the place observed by Rosulted with one another, their appre-gers in his dream, Caulfield took the hensions were alarmed for the little opportunity of murdering his compaweakly man, though contrary to the nion. It appeared afterwards, from appearance in the dream. After the || his own account of the horrid transstrangers had taken some refresh- action, that as they were getting over ment, and were about to depart in a ditch, he struck Hickey on the back order to prosecute their journey, l part of the head with a stone, and Rogers earnestly endeavoured to dis- when he fell down into the trench, suade the little man from quitting his in consequence of the blow, Caulfield house and going on with his fellow- stabbed him several times with a traveller. He assured him, that if knife, and cut his throat so deeply, he would remain with him that day, that the head was almost severed he would accompany him to Carrick from the body. He then rifled next morning, that being the town to Hickey's pockets of all the money in which the travellers were proceeding, them, took part of his clothes, and and near which the little man's rela- every thing else of value about him, tions lived. He was unwilling and and afterwards proceeded on his way ashamed to tell the cause of his be- to Carrick. He had not been long ing so solicitous to separate him from gone, when the body, still warm, was his companion; but as he observed discovered by some labourers who that Hickey, which was the name of were returning to their work from the little man, seemed to be quiet and dinner. gentle in his deportment, and had The report of the murder soon money about him, and that the other reached to Portlaw. Rogers and his had a ferocious bad countenance, the wife went to the place, and instantly dream still recurred to him. He recognised the body of him whom dreaded that something fatal would | they had in vain endeavoured to dishappen; and he wished, at all events, suade from going on with his treato keep them asunder. However, cherous companion. They at once the humane precautions of Rogers spoke out their suspicions, that the proved ineffectual; for Caulfield, murder was perpetrated by the fellowsuch was the other's name, prevailed traveller of the deceased. An imupon Hickey to continue with him on mediate search was made, and Caultheir way to Carrick, declaring that, field was apprehended at Waterford, as they had long travelled together, the second day afterwards. He was they should not part, but remain to- brought to trial at the ensuing asgether until he should see Hickey sizes, and convicted of the fact. It safely arrive at the habitation of his appeared on the trial, amongst other friends. The wife of Rogers was circumstances, that when he arrived much dissatisfied when she found at Carrick, he hired a horse, and a that they were gone, and blamed her boy to conduct him, not by the usual husband exceedingly for not being road, but by that which runs on the peremptory in detaining Hickey. north side of the river Suir to Wa.

About an hour after they left Port- terford, intending to take his passage law, in a lonely part of the mountain, in the first ship from thence to New

Vol. III. No. XV.

foundland. The boy took notice of After the sentence, Caulfield consome blood on his shirt, and Caulfield fessed the fact. It came out that gave him half-a-crown to promise not Hickey had been in the West Indies to speak of it. Rogers proved not twenty-two years; but falling into a only that Hickey was seen last in bad state of health, he was returning company with Caulfield, but that a to his native country, Ireland, bringpair of new shoes which Hickey wore ing with him some money, which his. had been found on the feet of Caulo industry had acquired. The vessel field when he was apprehended ; and on board which he took his passage that a pair of old shoes which he had was, by stress of weather, driven inon at Rogers' house, were upon Hic- to Minehead. He there met with key's feet when the body was found. Frederick Caulfield, an Irish sailor, He described with great exactness who was poor, and much distressed every article of their clothes. Caul- for clothes and common necessaries. field, on the cross examination, | Hickey, compassionating his poverty, shrewdly asked him from the dock, and finding that he was his countrywhether it was not very extraordina- | man, relieved his wants, and an inry, that he who kept a public-house timacy commenced between them. should take such particular notice of They agreed to go to Ireland togethe dress of a stranger accidentally ther, and it was remarked on their calling there? Rogers answered that passage, that Caulfield spoke conhe had a very particular reason, but temptuously, and often said it was was ashamed to mention it: the court a pity that such a puny fellow as and prisoner insisting on his declar- Hickey should have money, and he ing it, he gave a circumstantial nar- himself be without a shilling. They rative of his dream, called upon Mr. landed at Waterford, at which place Browne, the priest, then in the court, they staid some days, Caulfield being to corroborate his statement, and said all the time supported by Hickey, that his wife had severely reproached who there bought some clothes for him for permitting Hickey to leave him. The assizes being held in the their house, when he knew that, in town during that time, it was afterthe short footway to Carrick, they wards recollected that they were must necessarily pass by the green both at the court-house, and attendspot on the mountain which had ap-ed the whole of a trial of a shoemakpeared in his dream. A number of er, who was convicted for the mur. witnesses came forward, and the der of his wife. But this made no proofs were so strong, that the jury, || impression on the hardened mind of without hesitation, found the prison-Caulfield; for the very next day he er guilty. It was remarked, as a sin- | perpetrated the same crime. gularity, that he happened to be tried He walked to the gallows with a and sentenced by his namesake, Saint firm step and undaunted counteGeorge Caulfield, at that time Lord nance. He spoke to the multitude Chief Justice of the King's Bench, i before the Lord Chief Justice Saint which office he resigned in the sum- | George Caulfield, on July 25, 1759, and mer of the year 1760*.

executed on Wednesday, the 8th August * Frederick Caulfield was tried and following.- Vide The Gentleman's Mafound guilty at the Waterford assises, guzine for August 1788.

tatement, and suit; they staid Waterford, at which They

who surrounded him; and in the continually coming in sight prevented course of his address, mentioned that him. he had been bred at a charter-school, Being frustrated in all luis schemes, from which he was taken as an ap- the sudden and total disappointment prentice-servant by William Izod, threw him, probably, into an indifEsq.of the county of Kilkenny. Fromference for life. Some tempers are this station he ran away, on being so stubborn and rugged, that nothing corrected for some faults, and had can affect them but immediate senbeen absent from Ireland six years.sation. If to this be united the greatHe confessed also, that he intended est ignorance, death to such characto murder Hickey on the road be- ters will hardly seem terrible, because tween Waterford and Portlaw; but they can form no conception of what though it was in general not much it is, and still less of the consequenfrequented, yet people at that time || ces that may follow.

LISBON AND THE PORTUGUESE.

Extracted from Leiters written in 1821 and 1822.
. (Concluded from p. 81.)

Feb. 1822. married portion of it, has with the The Portuguese women are short other, one cannot very often help bein stature, almost universally bru- | ing astonished at the ease with which nettes, and if their faces were not they behave themselves. If their animated by such beautiful eyes, one conversation revolves around trivial might boldly assert, that they were subjects, this is certainly not to be rather ordinary than handsome; but charged to their account, but to that hé who is not deterred at the first of the men, who know nothing betglance by a plain set of features will ter to entertain them with than equifind in them many qualities to make voques and double-entendres; and amends for the latter. Fine hair and who, either for want of instruction, teeth, small feet, a majestic gait, vi- or because they disbelieve the existvacity in conversation, readiness atence of female virtue, deem this sex repartee, a naïveté in their demean- far inferior to their own, and consiour, which holds à middle course be- der its improvement as beneath their tween a silly or affected prudery and attention. too great freedom, good natural ta- Throughout civilized Europe there lents, especially for music and danc- are not perhaps more unfortunate ing; these are qualities which none wives than the women of Portugal. will deny them, though a stranger The manner in which matches are has but little opportunity to make made here is not much better than himself acquainted with them, unless that prevailing in the East. Here alat places of public resort, where they | so they are regarded rather in the will probably appear to him in a still light of slaves than free women. It more advantageous light. Consider- || may be safely asserted, that out of ing the little intercourse which the five marriages, scarcely one is the refemale sex, and especially the un- sult of real mutual affection. Parents

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