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small. Cover dale made an imperfect EXTRACT FROM A SPEECH OP
translation, and boldly asserted the unMR. BULMER.
questionable fact, that there may come At the Southampton Bible Meeting, more understanding and knowledge of the October 24, Sir George Rose in the chair, Scripture by sundry translations of it, Mr. Bulmer delivered a learned and elo: than by all the glosses of sophistical docquent speech, in reply to the strictures of tors,' inasmuch as verbal and idiomatical the Quarterly Review, wbich he closed by differences would lead men to think, to giving the following conclusive reasons compare, and to judge. Coverdale's infor continuing his support to that noble perfect translation was set up by authority Institution, and which we think are so in parish churches; the people flocked satisfactory as to justify our transcribing together to be instructed from it; and them from the Hampshire Advertiser into bence the Reformation spread and grew. our columns.
Nor was it indeed until these and other « I will now take the liberty of stating, imperfect translations bad done the great ---and I think myself bound in duty to do work, that the present authorised version so, when a charge of blindest partisanship was undertaken. The translators of this is alleged, in a case especially in which such version bave sbown a laudable anxiety to a temper would be mischievous to the best do honour to the authors of these imperinterests of mapkind,--the grounds on fect translations • We are so far,' they which I sball conscientiously continue to say, from condemning any of their labe a subscriber to tbe Bible Society, with bours, that we acknowledge them to bave regard to its efforts to promote transla- been raised up of God for the building and tions, as well as its domestic objects. furnishing of his church, and that they They are these : First-No translation is deserve to be had of us, and of posterity, perfect. To give a representation of an in everlasting remembrance.' 'Here it author's sense, to catcb bis spirit and may be added, that so far has the Church manner, and to express his meaning with of England been from taking alarm at purity in the language into which any imperfect translations, that it has actually translation of any book is made, form no sanctioned for centuries, and is to this easy task. There are nice shades of mean- day sanctioning, a translation of the ing which the words and idioms of our Psalms, varying not only from the translanguage express, that cannot be in all lation in the Bible, but even from the respects exactly transferred into another Hebrew, from the Septuagint, froin the language. But because yo translation will Vulgate, in many instances; and yet kept ever be absolutely perfect, it does not fol- industriously within view, to the actual low that translations below perfection may exclusion of the Psalms in the Bible : so not be eminently useful. The Septuagint that while these are entirely discarded or Greek translation of the Old Testament from public reading in the Church Seris very far from a perfect translation. It vice, this excecdingly imperfect translation is indeed probably a more imperfect trans- in the Psalter is read twelve times a year. lation than any modern one in print, and So far are the great leading principles of yet it is very frequently quoted by our revealed religion from depending on mere Lord and his apostles, who neither set syllables and phrases; so loftily do they about correcting it, nor left any injunc- rise above the poor support of moods and tions on the subject. The learned and tenses, that it has pleased the Holy Spirit excellent translators of our English ver- to employ the meanest form of the Greek sion, were far enough from considering language, and the least accurate syntax of theirs as a perfect translation. This they that tongue, to convey to us the greatest confess by the pumerous marginal read- part of the Greek Testament. Our transings, which their copies, when they are lators felt this, when, alluding to the va. printed as they were first published, con- rious din of objections that resounded in tajn: nor do they less confess it in their days, from the tinkering of wordtheir learned, ingenious, eloquent preface, catchers, they exclaimed, • Is the kingwhich ought never to have been sepa dom of God become words or syllables?' rated from their great and good work. Thirdly--The imperfections of translations Secondly--Imperfect translations were the are not likely to be such as to misrepremeans, under the blessing of God, of pre- sent the great leading truths of revealed ducing the Reformation. Wickliffe made religion. Here we refer again to the an imperfect translation. It contains some authority of our own translators, 47 men such idiomatical renderings as must bave pre-eminently distinguished for their piety been unintelligible; yet such was the effect and their profound learning. "We affirm of Wickliffe's efforts, that even in bis own and avow,' they say, that the very time, a third part of the clergy began to meanest translation of the Bible in Engentertain scriptural sentiments. T'indal lish, set forth by Protestants, containeth made an imperfect translation, and his the word of God, nay, is the word of God; zeal brought him to the stake: yet the as the King's speech, which is uttered in fruits of bis labours were neither few nor Parliament, being translated into Freneb, Duteh, Italian, and Latin, is still the spoken by nearly one third of the human King's speech, though it be not inter- race. In the thousand years that our Voi. preted by every translator with the like versities have been established, has tbere grace, nor peradventure so fitly for phrase, ever been a public and authorized attempt nor so expressly for sepse every where; to put the Scriptures into any language, of no cause therefore why the word trans any nation, save our own ? Is there any lated should be denied to be the word, or such efficient institution in the Church of forbidden to be current, notwithstanding Rome, in the Greek Church, in any of the tbat soine imperfections and blemishes foreign Lutheran Churches, or in the may be noted in the setting forth of it. Church of England ? Is there any where
Thé Romanists, therefore, in refusing to any preparation for organizing a system hear, and daring to burn the word traps. of translation, except in the newly-founded lated, did not less than despite the Spirit College at Calcutta, which has been preof grace, from whom originally it pro- viously mentioned ; an institution, too, ceeded, and whose sense and meaning, as which would, probably, never have been well as man's weakness did enable, it did thought of, had not tbe Serampore transexpress. And we may be bold to affirm, lators previously set their hands to the that there is not a translation extant, how work; for wbat then are we to wait? imperfect soever in literary excellence, Since we should but wait in the temper of that does not clearly lay down the great the idiot, who is to catch larks wben the ground-work of all religion : • Thou shalt sky falls,' if we should delay till we could love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, obtain perfect accuracy, in the hope of a and thy neighbour as thyself:' or that generation of unborn literati, wbo are to does not make it plain that Jesus Christ possess, in some fair future day of the brought life and immortality to light; or Greek Calends, the means and the will of that does not proclaim by the Gospel, doing that, which all the scholarship of Glory to God in the highest, peace on the past has not yet effected, and which, earth, and good-will towards men; or where it has been done at all, has been that does not show that it is a faithful done, in most cases, by invidual zeal and saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that devotedness; such as led Bishop Bedell Jesus Christ came into the world to save to give the Irish the Bible in their ora sinners; or that does not assert it to be tongue, and Bishop Wilson, the Manksthe duty of those that believe in Christ, to meo. Were there any prospect of seeing maintain good works. Lastly: Life is short a great Christian nation arising, as one and art is long. We allow most readily, man, to bless all other men with God's that the Committee of the Bible Society are greatest gift ; were there some grand and bound, by the most solemn duty, to use efficient universal scheme coming forth every means to procure the most correct from the cabinets of Emperors and Kings, translation possible. But if we are to by which the most learned of every tongue wait for these till Oxford and Cambridge should be congregated to some central shall bave endowed professors of Welsh or point, to use all the means and applicances Irish, much less of Mongolian, Peruvian, of a liberal scholarship, for enlightening Arawack, Bundeikundee, and Munipoor maokind with divine truth; some bols Kuncbee, and lectures on the languages of alliance of all the best, the wisest, the Otabeíte, Labrador, and Hottentot Land, most erudite of our race, to meet, and de. and even on the celebrated and more invi- liberate, and translate for all men, every ting Sanskrit, we shall childisbly abandon where ; most gladly would the friends of all our present opportunities of usefulness; the Bible Society pour all their supplies knowing too, as all the world does, that of pecuniary support into the sacred ereven oriental studies have found so little chequer of so godlike an Association, encouragement in our seats of learning, and speed their progress with the warmest that Cambridge has actually been obliged cheers of affectionate gratulation. The to fetch, or to train her professor of Arabic bare idea of such a project may make glad from a carpenter's bench. This is not the heart of sanguine anticipation. But said in the way of reproach, but with sin. is there a shadow of probability that any cere regret. Thougb it has not been my thing like it will take place in our day; lot to walk the studious cloister's pale, any thing national at least, if not uni. I disclaim all sympathy with those who versal ? If there is, let the Quarterly set themselves to disparage the institutions Reviewer exert himself, to rouse the that produced Wallon, and Pococke, and wealthy, the learned, the powerful, to take Hyde, and Castell, and Lightfoot, and up the affair without delay. We, in the Kennicort, and Lowth, and Horsley. mean time, will neither linger nor loiter; Except at Paris, perbaps, and of this I am and, amidst cavil and misrepresentation, not quite certain, and anciently, it may will support the parent Committee, in the be the Propaganda at Romc; not a Uni- most cautious eodeavours to promote all versity in the world, Protestant or Catho- possible accuracy, and in the most strelic, bas to this day made an effort to culti- nuous exertions to put it in the power of vate the Chinese language, a language all men to bear, in their own tongues, the
wonderful works of God. These consi. to eloquence, and modesty which sheds derations are the foundation of an en- the brightest lustre on the sex, could not lightened attachment, not of blind parti. fail, in such an age of excitement as the sansbip. They satisfy my own mind; if present, to render Mrs. Stevens both usethey did not, I would not give the Bible ful and popular. Society another penny of my money, nor Whether this public teaching of a female another moment of my time."
is sanctioned by apostolic authority, is a
question on which good people have been FEMALE PREACHING AT KNARESBOROUGH,
divided ; but wherber the Bisbop of the YORKSHIRE.
Diocese has stretched his ecclesiastic preThe attention of many persons in this rogative a little too far, by putting down town and neighbourhood, both of the these meetings, as it is rumoured, in the Established Church and among the Dis shape of an intimation to the vicar, that senters, has been excited for several years no curate of Mr. Cheap's nomination back, by the religious services of Mrs. should be licensed to the church, if he did Stevens, who is & near relation of the not employ all his influence to silence Rer. Andrew Cheap, the vicar of the Mrs. Stevens, is a query of less equivocal parish. Furnished with rare endowments meaning. As the lady herself, too, has for teaching, and moved with pious con- lately published a paper in defence of her cern for the rising generation, she com- teaching, in which she appeals to the menced giving catechetical instruction to canons of Scripture, with her accustomed the young people, who assembled for that ingenuity, she may feel not perfectly satispurpose for some time within the pre- fied in surrendering an inalienable right, cincts of the vicarage : as these exercises by yielding to the mandates of the Bench, attracted others of riper years, they were ratber than the dictates of conscience. conducted, by degrees, with a view to the information of adults also, ultimately as
CONGREGATIONAL SCHOOL ELECTION. suming the character of Lectures on tbe On Tuesday, the 30th of October, the Scriptures, and were concluded with sing Half-yearly General Meeting of this Instiing and prayer.
tution was held at the London Tavern, When tidings of these things came to for the election of three children into the the ears of the Lord Bishop of the diocese, school, and other business. There were it is reported, that he directed that the eight candidates for admission; on closing meetings should be discontinued; but the poll, the majority of votes was for considering that she might be regarded Hinchcliffe, Davies, and Anthony, who as extra parochial on her own premises, accordingly were declared duly elected. a spacious school-room was erected in the town, in which she continued those
CHAPELS OPENED. instructions totally unconnected with the On the 10th of October, 1827, a cbapel ministerial arrangements of Mr. Cheap, at Pitchcombe, near Stroud, which some “ the distinct concern of an independent time since was used by the Wesleyan Meperson, firmly indeed attached to the thodists, was re-opened in the congregaministrations in the Established Church tional connexion. The Rev. J. Burder, in heart and sentiment; but exercising, and the Rev. Joha Rees, of London, under a pecnliar providential appointment, delivered suitable discourses on the occathe talents committed to her charge, both sion lawfully and usefully.” Not only have On the 1st of November, 1827, a new the poor of the flock been edified, but per chapel was opened at Stonehouse. The Rev. sons of superior rank and learoing, as J. Burder, the Rev. Jenkin Thomas, and well as others bolding official stations in the Rev. Evan Jones preached on the octhe church of God, have been charmed casion. with the elegance of her diction, and in- On Tuesday, the 30th of November, structed by the solidity of her expositions 1827, a building fitted up for the purpose It bas been no uncommon occurreuce to of divine worship was opened at Overion, see at the door, carriages belonging to the Hants. Rev. J. Welsh, of Basingstoke, gentry staying at Harrogate ; nay, it is preached in the morning. Rev. J. G. said, that one of the most eloquent Dis. Hewlett, of Newbury, in the afternoon; and senting Ministers in the county, was re- Rev. John Jefferson, of Andover, in the cenily melted almost to tears in one of evening. This place is connected with these meetings, and expressed his most Whitchurch, and is to be supplied by Mr. unqualified approval and delight with her Bean on the Lord's-day morning, and the services. Indeed the circumstance of such Wednesday evening. The attendance at singular female elocution and biblical the opening was very encouraging. A knowledge, in one exercising her talents Sabbath School bas been commenced with under the shield of the Toleration Act, pleasing prospects. while sincerely attached to the national Some years ago, a Sunday School was church, learned without any assumption commeuced at the destitute village of of literature, adorned with simplicity, Lye-Waste, Worcestershire. A large which imparts the most powerful charm room was built, and public worship com
menced. This place proving too small principles which had actuated bim in bis a chapel was erected, which was opened decision. The Rev. Mr. Lewis then offered with encouraging prospects of success on special prayer. The Rev. John Roberts, the 8th of October. The Rev. J. A. James of Llanbrynmair, addressed the Minister preacbed in the morning ; and the Rev. T. very affectionately from 1 Tim. iv. 16. East in the evening. The sum collected The Rev. Dr. Raffles, of Liverpool, adwas upwards of £51. The population is dressed the church from I Cor. iv. 1. exceedingly large and poor. A debt re- The Rer. Mr. Rees, of Sarney, concluded mains upon the place of about £200. The with prayer. In the evening the service was aid of the religious public must be soli commenced with prayer by the Rey. Mr. cited towards its liquidation.
Waterfild, of Wrexbam; and Dr. Rafiles ORDINATIONS.
preached a very impressive sermon from
2 Cor. v. 18. On the 1st of January, 1827, Mr. W. On Wedgesday, the 31st of October, was Richards was ordained" pastor of the publicly recognised, the settlement of the church at Stonehouse. The introductory Rev. Henry Bromley, formerly of Applediscourse was delivered by the Rev. T. dore, Devon, as pastor over the IndepenAdkins; the ordination prayer by the dent church at Clavering, Essex. The Rev. R. Meek ; the charge by the Rev. Rev. W. Clayton, of Saffron Waldea, J. Burder ; and the sermon to the peo having commenced the service with prayer ple by the Rev. John Davies.
and reading the Scriptures, the Rev, T. On Tuesday, August the 28th, 1827, Craig, of Bocking, delivered a judicious Mr. W. Bean was ordained over the lode. and interesting introductory discourse, and pendent Church at Whitecburch, Hants. called on the church to signify their apThe Rev. T. Welsh, of Newbury, read the proval of the invitation previously given Scriptures and prayed. Rev. J. Jefferson, to Mr. Bromley, as well as on him, to of Andover, delivered the introductory dis express his acceptance of it. The Rer. course and asked the questions. Rev. T. W. Chaplin, of Bishop Stortford, in a Adkins, of Southampton, offered the or. most impressive and affectionate manner dination prayer. Rev. J. E. Good, of implored the divine blessing both on Salisbury, gave the charge to the Minie Minister and people. The Rev. Dr. Wia. ster; and the Rev. John Reynolds, of ler, of London, delivered a very approRomsey, preached to the people. Mr. priate and excellent sermon, from 1 Thess. Adkins preached in the evening, and Mr. iii 8.; and the Rev J. B. Pearce, of Good the preceding evening.
Maidenhead, the late pastor of the church, October 2, 1827, a meeting of Ministers concluded the service with prayer. All was lield at Oswestry, Shropshire, to re. who were present retired, it is believed, cognize the setting a part of the Rev. T. W. delighted with the varied services of the Jenkyn, formerly of Wem, to be the over- day : and it is hoped the earnest supplicaseer of the church meeting at Old Chapel, tions which were presented, will be anformerly under the pastoral care of the swered by the great Head of the Church, late Rey. John Whitridge.
in the increasing comfort and prosperity The service was introduced with read. of this part of his vineyard, of which its ing and prayer by the Rev. Mr. Cook. present harmony and affection seems to The Rer. Mr. Pearce, of Wrexham, deli- afford aa eucouraging intimatioa. vered the introductory discourse, on the
RECENT DEATH. Principles of Dissent. The Rev. David It is with sincere regret we announce the Lewis, of Newport, asked the usual queg. lamented decease of the Rer. T.CHARLTON tions. In reply to these, Mr John Ro. Henry, D.D., pastor of the second Presbyberts, senior deacon, read a concise state- terian Church, of Charleston, South Caroment of the measures, which had led to lina, United States, who died early in the the present service, and confirmed the month of October, after a few days illness, call of the church : and the Res. T. W. in the midst of his usefulness. We expect Jenkyn, publicly signified his acceptance to furnish our readers with a detailed of the call, and stated the motives and account in an early yumber.
COMMUNICATIONs have been received during the last Month from the Rer. George Redford-C. N. Davies-George Foster--James Jackson--J. N. Goulty -D. Jones --J. Green--W. Bedford--). Arundel--J. Wooldridge--H, Bromley
W. Roby--S. J. Breeze--G. H. Rylands.
The communication from T. R. J. will appear in our next; we shall be glad to hear from him again.
We regret the unavoidable omission of several Short Notices, Literary Announcements, and Articles of Intelligence, which the grea: length of cur Original Departmeat has compelled us to postpone till a future number.