« VorigeDoorgaan »
their interest tbat such a measure should able and exemplary character. His conbe brought forward.
duct, in every situation which he filled, The House resumed, the report was re- was not only unblameable, but was also ceived, and ordered to be taken into fur distinguished for social and Christian exther consideration on Monday.
cellence, particularly for invariable inDEBATE AT THE INDIA vouse on the
tegrity, unaffected kindness, and genuine
simplicity, and was at the same time adorned BURNING OF HINDOO WIDOWS.
by that meekness and modesty, which, At an adjourned Quarterly General Conrt instead of concealing his virtues from of Proprietors of East India Stock, held the notice of others, rendered them the on Wedaesday, March 28, Mr. Poynder more attractive and engaging. From the resumed the discussion of the subject of time of his retiring from the cares and burning Hindoo widows, which he had fatigues of business, about 20 years since, the honour to introduce on a foriner Court he devoted himself to the public service. day, and in a speech of great length, and made usefulness the employment of urged, that the time was now arrived his remaining life. Some of the most for abolishing this odious practice ; and valuable religious institutions, among moved,
which inay be named, the Liverpool Bible " That this Court, taking into conside- Society owed to him instruinentally, not ration the continuance of human sacrifices
merely a large share of their prosperity, in lodia, is of opinion, that, in the case but their very existence; and nearly all of all rites or ceremonies involving the of the numerous institutions designed to destruction of life, it is the duty of a
promote either the temporal comfort or paternal government to interpose for their the eternal welfare of the human race, prerention; and therefore recommends with which tbat place abounds, have been to the Honourable Court of Directors to deprived by his death of a most active, transmit such instructions to India as tbat liberal, and zealous friend, patron, and Court may deem most expedient for ac- supporter. Though he was attached, from complishing this object, consistent with all
conscientious conviction, to the principles practicable attention to the feelings of the
of nonconformity, and connected with Datives."
the Protestant Dissenters of evangelical This was seconded by Sir C. Forbes,
sentiments, who justly regarded liim as and supported by Messrs. Weeding, R.
one of the brightest ornaments of their Jackson, Martin, and Sir J. Doyle,
community, his temper was very much Amendments were proposed by Col. L. from whatever is narrow and sectarian. Stanhope, and the Chairman (Sir G. A. He was held in the highest esteem by Robinson), which were supported by Ge
persons belonging to every religious denoneral Thornton, Mr. Dixon, Capt. Max.
mination, and by the inhabitants of Liverfield, Mr. Twining, &c.; but after a very pool in general In short, to him may long and desultory debate, they were be justly applied the honourable testimony withdrawn, and the original motion car
recorded by St. John of Demetrius, “ He ried with only four or five dissentient had good report of all mea, and of the votes, and we trust it will receive the
truth itself;" an appeal similar to that attention it merits from the Court of
which he subjoins may be made to the Directors.
knowledge of not a few, for the truth of RECENT DEATHS.
this brief and inadequate memorial conDied at Christchurch, Hanis, February cerning him 27, 1827, Mr. John Hicks, aged nineteen. Died at Stebbing, Essex, on Lord's-day, The above youth bad received a liberal March 25, aged seventy-three, the Rev. school education, and was prosecuting his J. MORison, late of Barnet, Herts. This studies under the Rev. D. Gunn, with the estimable man was formerly engaged in view of entering Homerton College. His business, and was in communion with talents were of a superior order, his piety the Scotch Church, Swallow Street, under upfeigned, and his appearance prepos- the pastoral care of the excellent Dr. sessing. He fell a victim to consumption. Trotter. At that time he was occasion. All that parental affection could desire for ally engaged in itinerant labours ; but at his recovery was done. Most respectable length retiring from business, he accepted medical advice was secured; but his dis. the charge of a small congregation, which order, like the enraged elements, would was formed at Barnet by the exertions suffer no control. A respectable father of some Ministers in London, in a deand food family deplore his death, and sertel meeting-louse, which had been for the Independents have to lament the loss many years in ruins; the play-place of of a promising studeot.
the children in the ncighbourhood. Here Died, on the 20th March last, at bis Mr. M., by the bumility and suavity of his house in Hope Street, Liverpool, aged manners, his exemplary conduct, and deseventy-six ycars, William Hore, Esq. votional spirit, gathered around him an He maintained, duriog the whole of life, atfectionate people, and secured the rean uniforin, consistent, and truly honour spect of the inhabitants of the town in general. On the loss of his venerable will be held at Luton, on Wednesday, partner, he retired from the pastoral office April 25, when the Rev. Euston Carey, at Barget, and resided with his beloved from Calcutta, and the Rev. S. Hillyard, son, the Rev. Joseph Morison, of Steb- of Bedford, are expected to preach. bing, Essex, whose filial attentions cheered We understand, that the Rev. T. W. the season of weakness and suffering, Jenkyn, of Wem, has accepted the invithrough which he passed with devout re- tation of the church at Oswestry, to be. signation and Christian bope, till the hour come its pastor in the room of the late of his dismission came, when doubtless Rev. Mr. Whitridge. he entered into the joy of his Lord. A . We are happy to state, that the Council new chapel has been erected, with a par- of the University of London have fixed sonage-house at Barnet, where the Rev. Friday, the 27th of April, for the cereA. Stewart succeeded Mr. M.
monial of laying the foundation stone of Died suddenly, at Islington, March 28, the University. His Royal Highness the the Rev. J. E. Jones, for many years the Duke of Sussex to preside; after which, Minister of the Calvinistic Methodist Cba the friends of that important underlaking pels at Silver Street and Islington. We will dine together. learn that Mr. Jones bad been walking The Rev. Robert Meek, of Painswick, with Mrs J., and just entered the resi- has accepted the invitation of the old Indence of his son, when he suddenly fell dependent Church and Congregation at and expired! “ Be ye also ready, for Westbury, Wilts, vacant by the removal in such an hour as ye think not the Son of the Rev. Wm. Sterne Palmer to Hare of Man cometh."
Court, Aldersgate Street.
Highbury College.--Tbe friends of this Notices, REMOVALS, &c.
Institution will be glad to know, that The Second Annual Meeting of the the Comunittee have determined to open Society for Promoting Christian Instruc. the dining ball for preaching on Sabbath tion in London, will be held at the London evenings, for the benefit of the increasing Tavern, Bishopsgate Street, on Tuesday neighbourhood. As a proof of the general evening, the Ist of May.
approval of this convenient and respectThe Tenth Anniversary of the Sụffolk able edifice, with its appropriate grounds of Society in Aid of Missions, will be held nearly four acres, the sum of £12,000. bas at Hulesworth, on Tuesday, Wednesday, been received, and we are glad to learn, in and Thursday, the 10th, Ilth, and 12th consequence of a further appeal made by of April next. The first Committee Meet the Committee to various Ministers, both ing, at 3 o'clock on the afternoon of in London and the country, that numerous Tuesday.
collections are promised, with a view to The Anniversary of the United Mis- meet the remaining deficiency of £6000. sionary Society in the County of Bedford,
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.
COMMUNICATIONS have been received during the last Month from the Rer.
George Redford-J. Matheson-William Rooker-H. Evison-T G. Guyer--J. No. rison-John Thornton- Dr. J. P. Smith--T. W. Jenkyn--J. Whitridge--D. Gunn
--J. H. Cox--W. Vint, Jun.. Also froin Messrs. Thomas Wilson---J. B. Williams--S. Brown-J. Pitman-Joshua Wilson--and J. Spicer --A Non Con--Alguno-- Volens.
If our friend, the Rev. J. Whitridge will oblige us with the article to which he alludes by the 10th of May, it will be in time.
The suggestions of Alguno shall not be lost sight of; but let us ask, did be not promise, under another signature, views of the New Burial-grounds at Manchester and Liverpool ? They never came to our hands.
We agree with our Correspondent Non Con, “ that the respectability of a periodical work much depends on its being correct," and we are satisfied that in general our information is both early and accurate. We exceedingly regret, however, that we were misled by our correspondent, on whose fidelity we were disposed to rely, into so unpleasant a mistake respecting the removal of the Rev. J. W. Whittenbury. To that gentleman and bis friends we owe an apology; and must beg our correspoudent who sent it, and all others, to be assured of the truth of tbeir announcements before they forward them to us. We bave but one object, i. e. to communicate as early as possible, intelligence which may be interesting to our reatters; and we renew our request, that our country friends will oblige us with the same, as we can give insertion to such articles at a much later period of the month than most other periodicals.
Our Correspondents are requested not to consider the delay of an article as implying its rejection.
AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS OF THE CHRISTIAN "
CHURCH IN CHINA.
nominum Whilst none but Jesuits were superstitious and intolerable. As preaching in China, Ricci's man- the Dominican had represented ner of converting and his con- the hall of the ancestors as a temnivances proved successful. The ple, and the whole ceremony as Christians, however oppressed in idolatry and sacrifice, they could some parts, increased by these not well pass a milder judgment. means exceedingly. But their Pope Innocent the Tenth contranquillity was disturbed by the firmed it on the 12th of September, Dominicans and Franciscans, who in the year 1645, and commanded came in the year 1630 to assist all preachers of Christianity in the Jesuits, in cultivating the vine- China, uuder pain of excommuniyard they had planted. The new cation, to conform to this decree, labourers, being entirely unac- till the holy See should determine quainted with the Jesuitical rules otherwise. The Jesuits in China of converting, were astonished, received this injunction with venewhen they saw Christians pros- ration, and laid it aside with contrate before Confucius and the tempt. This is their usual manner tables of their ancestors, and of treating those decrees of the boldly declared, that their con- bishops of Rome, which contrascience obliged them to condemn dict the customs, maxims, and so superstitious and idolatrous a opinions of their Society. They practice. A warm controversy are bound more strictly than any ensued betwixt them and the Je- other order to obey the Pope, and suits. Neither party being dis- no order obeys him less than they. posed to yield, the matter was It may be accounted for among referred to the decision of their other reasons by this, that their supreme Judge at Rome. The superiors, and their learned breenemies of the Jesuits were plain- thren, are esteemed by them to be tiffs. A Dominican Friar, John better judges of what is useful Baptista Moralez, · set out for and pernicious to the church, than Rome, and laid before the Con- the Popes and their Councils. To gregation de propaganda fide, his this injunction, at least, they paid own and his brethren's doubts so little regard, that several years concerning the Chinese ceremonies passed before they sent a countertolerated by the Jesuits among the representation to Rome. In the proselytes. The Congregation, as mean time they permitted what usual, called in the opinion of was forbidden by the decree, and many divines on the subject of thought themselves justified, bethis complaint, and at last deter- cause the decree was grounded on mined, that those ceremonies were a false report. Their disobedience, No. 29. N. S.
however, occasioned much dis- sters with fresh complaints and quiet and offence. At length, remonstrances, protested in the therefore, they judged it neces- most solemn terms, that the ceresary to send one of their brethren monies in question were the worst to Rome, to solicit the repeal of of abominations, and desired that the decree obtained by the Do- the holy office would inform them, minicans.
whether the former decree of Pope Martin Martini was the solici- Innocent the Tenth was indeed tor. He discharged his commis- annulled by this new one prosion with the greatest dexterity. duced by the Jesuits. The InInstead of applying to the Con- quisition gave an answer, which gregation, who had passed the might seem suspicious or forged, former sentence, and who he fore- had we no authority for the gesaw would hardly retract their own nuineness of it, besides that of the judgment, he went immediately enemies of the church of Rome. to the then Pope Alexander the But the infallible testimony of Seventh himself, and represented Pope Benedict the Fourteenth, to him, in a writing at large, that who recites it in his famous bull, those Chinese customs were free Ex quo singulari, &c. renders the from idolatry and superstition, and truth of it beyond all dispute. tended only to the peace and wel. The Inquisition answered, “that fare of the empire. The Pope the former decree of Pope Innoleft the decision of the matter to cent was by no means annulled the holy office or Court of Inqui- by this of Pope Alexander ; that sition, undoubtedly at the solici- both were to be observed, each tation of the Jesuit, whose busi- according to its circumstances, ness it was to keep it out of the and according to the tendency hands of the Congregation de of those questions and doubts propaganda fide. The event an- which had occasioned it.” * The swered his wishes. The holy two decrees, which were both to office rejected the rites, which be in some measure valid, were as the Jesuits. had rejected, and per different as light and darkness. mitted those which they had per- The one condemns the Chinese mitted. Their judgment was ap- ceremonies, the other permits proved and confirmed by the them: and both were to be obPope, on the 23d of March, served by the missionaries in 1656. The Jesuits at first re- China. There are but two soceived this favourable decision as lutions of this difficulty. Either a shield, to be made use of in case the holy office meant, that if the of necessity. They did not pub Dominicans had made a true relish it in China, but retained it presentation of the Chinese cusprivately, by way of answer to toms, then the decree obtained by any future aggressors. But in time their caution abated, and I choose here to transcribe the very their shield was converted into a words of Pope Benedict the Fourteenth :
• Respondit sacra Inquisitionis Congresword. They produced the de- gatio, præfatum decretum adhuc vigere cree imported by Martini, and habitâ 'ratione rerum, quæ fuerunt in maintained it to be a rule for the dubiis expositæ, neque illud fuisse cir. conduct of all the Romish clergy
cumscriptum à decreto sacræ Inquisi
tionis, quod anno 1656 exaravit : imo in China, since it annulled that
esse omnino observandum juxta quæsita, decree which had been sent by circumstantias et omnia ea, quæ in antethe hands of Moralez. This in- dictis dubiis continentur. Declaravit pari. discretion renewed the war. The
ter eodem modo esse observandum præ
dictum sacræ Dominicans and Franciscans im
im- anni 1656, juxta quæsita, circumstantias portuned the Pope and his mini- et reliqua in ipsis expressa."
them sbould be in force, and take man Jesuit, who was then seventyplace of the other ; but if the Je- four years of age, at the head of suits had truly represented the the Chinese mission, and in a connature and tendency of these cus- siderable post at court, was in the toms, then the decree imported by year 1664 thrown into a dungeon, them should be valid. Or if this and narrowly escaped a most cruel was not their meaning, it could death. The next year it was be no other, than that every one unanimously resolved by all the might follow his own opinion; ministers of state, that the Chriswhoever was persuaded, that the tian law was false, and dangerous honours paid to Confucius, and to to the empire, and therefore it was their ancestors, were idolatrous forbidden under pain of death. and superstitious, might adhere to Upon this the Christians, and their the first decree; and whoerer pastors, endured a variety of sufjudged them to be innocent and ferings. In 1669 the young Emindifferent might follow the se- peror took the reins of government cond. Whether we admit this, or himself, and immediately the horthe other sense, the answer of the rid storm against the Christians holy office amounts to nothing, ceased. This prince had uncomand leaves every missionary in mon talents : he was particularly China to act according to his own the patron of arts and sciences, persuasion and conscience. This and hence the church derived its is the practice at Rome : when prosperity during his long and two powerful parties contend glorious reign. Most of the Jeabout matters of religion, the suits in China were well versed judgment pronounced is com- in those parts of learning and memonly interpretable in favour of chanics, which Cam-hi esteemed. either side. Such are the deci. He therefore invited them to sions of that visible head of the court, availed himself of their ad. church, who pretends to infalli- vice in council, gave them conbility and extraordinary illumina- siderable employments, with large tion! This answer, which left salaries, and even entrusted them both sides in possession of their with a share in the government. own opinion, was given in the This favour of his to the Jesuits year 1669, and Clement the Ninth, procured for the church all the who was then Pope, made no protection it stood in need of, and scruple to honour it with his apos, promoted its increase. It flourished tolical sanction.
considerably more, when several In the same year cominenced the French Jesuits arrived, who by golden age of the church in China. their engaging address, by being It had been long and severely conversant in the Chinese lanpersecuted. At the death of the guage, as well as that of the TarEmperor Xung-Chi, the first of tars, by their skill in mathematical the Tartar family now on the learning, in politics, in mechanics, throne, bis successor Cang-bi, or in piedicine, and in other branches Cam-hi, was not of the age for of knowledge, entirely won the government. During his minority, Emperor's heart. They soon dishis regents conspired with the covered the monarch's inclinations nobles to extirpate the Christian and views, and by employing all doctrine, which had then spread their genius and sagacity in pleavery far. The execution of this de- sing and entertaining him, at last sign was begun in a manner that became necessary to him. They struck terror into every Christian were his instructors, whom he teacher and hearer in China. John daily attended to; his friends, his Adam Schall, the celebrated Ger- physicians, and his counsellors :