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It is searely necessary to add, that the requests calent. If the picture has suffered in the execution, 4 Miss Goldie will be most willingly complied with, it is from the failure of the author's powers to and without the necessity of any tax on the public. present in detail the same simple and striking Ne is there much occasion to repeat how much the portrait, exhibited in Mrs Goldie’s letter. her conceives himself obliged to his unknown Citespondent, who thus supplied him with a theme virding such a pleasing view of the moral dignity

April 1, 1830. } af virtue, though unaided by birth, beauty, or

ABROTSFORD,

POSTSCRIPT.

Alzrochu it would be impossible to add much misfortune of her sister, which he supposes tu to Urs Goldie's picturesque and most interesting have taken place previous to 1736. Helen Walker, scerunt of Helen Walker, the prototype of the declining every proposal of saving her relation's imaginary Jeanie Deans, the Editor may be par- life at the expense of truth, borrowed a sum of daited for introducing two or three anecdotes money sufficient for her journey, walked the whole respecting that excellent person, which he has distance to London barefoot, and made her way to en lected from a volume entitled, “ Sketches from John Duke of Argyle. She was heard to say, Nature, by John M.Diarmid,” a gentleman who that, by the Almighty's strength, she had been traducts an able provincial paper in the town of enabled to meet the Duke at the most critical Dureries

moment, which, if lost, would have caused the Helen was the daughter of a small farmer in inevitable forfeiture of her sister's life. a place called Dalwhairn, in the parish of Iron- Isabella, or Tibby Walker, saved from the fate may; where, after the death of her father, she which impended over her, was married by the ontunned, with the unassuming piety of a Scottish person who had wronged her, (named Waugh,) peasant, to support her mother by her own un- and lived happily for great part of a century, uniremitted labour and privations; a case so common, formly acknowledging the extraordinary affection at even yet, I am proud to say, few of my coun- to which she owed her preservation. try folder would shrink from the duty.

Helen Walker died about the end of the year Helen Walker was held among her equals pensy, 1791, and her remains are interred in the churchthat is, proud or conceited; but the facts brought yard of her native parish of Irongray, in a to prove this accusation seem only to evince a romantic cemetery on the banks of the Cairn. strength of eliaracter superior to those around her. That a character so distinguished for her un

Thus it was remarked, that when it thundered, daunted love of virtue, lived and died in poverty, she went with her work and her Bible to the front if not want, serves only to shew us how in ignitiof the cottage, alleging that the Almighty could cant, in the sight of Heaven, are our principal smite in the city as well as in the field.

objects of ambition upon earth. M MDiarmid mentions more parti the

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TO THE BEST OF PATRONS,

Å FLEASED AND INDULGENT READEH,

JEDEDIAI CLEISHBOTHAM

WISHES HEALTH, AND INCREASE, AND CONTENTMENT.

COURTEOUS READER,

tion, thy nose with a snuff from my mull, and thy Ip ingratitude comprehendeth every vice, surely palate with a dram from my bottle of strong waters, 30 foul a stain worst of all beseemeth himn whose

called, by the learned of Gandereleugh, the Doninie's life has been devoted to instructing youth in virtue Dribble o' Drink. and in humane letters. Therefore have I chosen, It is there, 0 highly esteemed and beloved reader, in this prolegomenon, to unload my burden of thanks thou wilt be able to bear testimony, through the at thy feet, for the favour with which thou hast medium of thine own senses, against the children kindly entertained the Tales of my Landiord. of vanity, who have sought to identify thy friend Certes, if thou hast chuckled over their facetious and servant with I know not what inditer of vain and festivous descriptions, or badst thy mind tilleul fables; who hath cumbered the world with his with pleasure at the strange and pleasant turns of devices, but shrunken from the responsibility there. fortune which they record, verily, I have also siin- of. Truly, this hath been well termed a generation pered when I beheld a second story with attics, hard faith; since what can a man do to assert that has arisen on the basis of my small domicile at his property in a printed tome, saving to put his Gandercleugh, the walls having been aforehand name in the title-page thereof, with his description, pronounced by Deacon Barrow to be capable of or designation, as the lawyers term it, and place of enduring such an elevation. Nor has it been with abode ? Of a surety I would bave such sceptics out delectation, that I have endued a new coat, consider how they themselves would brook to have (smutf-brown, and with metal buttons,) laving all their works ascribed to others, their names and nether garments corresponding thereto. We do professions imputed as forgeries, and their very therefore lie, in respect of each other, under a existence brought into question ; even although, reciprocation of benefits, whereof those received by peradventure, it may be it is of little consequence me being the most solid, (in respect that a new to any but themselves, not only whether they are house and a new coat are better than a new tale living or dead, but even whether they ever lived or and an old song,) it is meet that my gratitude should Yet have my maligners carried their unchari. be expressed with the louder voice and more pre- table censures still farther. ponderating vehemence. And how should it be so These cavillers have not only doubted mine expressed ? Certainly not in words only, but in identity, although thus plainly proved, but they act and deed. It is with this sole purpose, and have impeached my veracity and the authenticity disclaining all intention of purchasing that pendicle of my historical narratives ! Verily, I can only or poitle of land called the Carlinescroft, lying ad- say in answer, that I have been cautelous in quoting jacent to my garden, and measuring seven acres, mine authorities. It is true, indeed, that if I had three roods, and four perches, that I have com- hearkened with only one ear, I might have rehearsed

I mitted to the eyes of those who thought well of my tale with more acceptation froin those who love the former tomes, these four additional volumes of to hear but half the truth. It is, it may hap, not the Tales of my Landlord. Not the less, if Peter altogether to the discredit of our kindly nation of Prayfort be minded to sell the said poille, it is at Scotland, that we are apt to take an interest, warm, his own choice to say so; and, peradventure, he yea partial, in the deeds and sentiments of our foremay meet with a purchaser: unless (gentle reader) | fathers. He whom his adversaries describe as a the pleasing pourtraictures of Peter Pattieson, now perjured Prelatist, is desirous that his predecessors given unto thee in particular, and unto the public should be held moderate in their power, and just in in general, shall have lost their favour in thine their execution of its privileges, when, truly, the eyes, whereof I am no way distrustful. And so unimpassioned peruser of the annals of those times much confidence do I repose in thy continued shall deem them sanguinary, violent, and tyrannicul. favour, that, should thy lawful occasions call thee to Again, the representatives of the suffering Noncouthe town of Gandercleugh, a place frequented by formnists desire that their ancestors, the Cameromost at one time or other in their lives, I will enrich nians, shall be represented not simply as honest thine eyes with a sight of those precious manu- enthusiasts, oppressed for conscience-sake, but per: scripts whence thou hast derived so much derectit- suns of fine breeding, and valiant heroes. Truly

no.

etisirian cannot gratify these predilections. He sanguinis, to maintain them in preference to al ani needs describe the cavaliers as proud and others. sprited, cruel, remorseless, and vindictive; But, nothing denying the rationality of the rule, se satiring party as honourably tenacious of their which calls on all now living to rule their political çanaotis under persecution ; their own tempers and religious opinions by those of their great-grandLecz, bowever, sallen, fierce, and rude ; their fathers, and inevitable as seems the one or the other

autis absurd and extravagant; and their whole horn of the dilemma betwixt which my adversaries carse of conduct that of persons whom hellebore conceive they have pinned me to the wall, I yet vad better have suited than prosecutions unto spy some means of refuge, and claim a privilege to à for high-treason. Natheless, while such and write and speak of both parties with impartiality; * preposterous were the opinions on either side, For, O ye powers of logic! when the Prelatists and Doe were, it cannot be doubted, men of virtue Presbyterians of old times went together by the w worth on both, to entitle either party to claim ears in this unlucky country, my ancestor (vene

ut from its martyrs. It has been demanded of rated be his memory !) was one of the people called De, Jedediah Cleishbotham, by what right I am Quakers, and suffered severe handling from either sitled to constitute myself an impartial judge of side, even to the extenuation of his purse and the ser discrepancies of opinions, seeing (as it is stated) incarceration of his person. 22: I must necessarily have descended from one Craving thy pardon, gentle Reader, for these few Leather of the contending parties, and be, of course, words concerning me and mine, I rest, as above Fedded for better or for worse, according to the expressed, thy sure and obligated friend. reasonable practice of Scotland, to its dogmata, or

J. C. des, and bound, as it were, by the tie matrisozial, cr, to speak without metaphor, ex jure this Ist of April, 1818.

}

GANDERCLEUGH,

It w an old proverb, that " many a true word is spoken in

“ Edinburgh, 5th July, 1666. pole Tie cistence of Walter Scott, third son of Sir William “ Anent a petition presented be Sir Wm. Scott of Harden, *** Harden, is instructed, as it is called, by a charter under for himself and in naine and behalf of the three children of bea! seal, Domino Willielmo Scott de Harden Militi, et Walter Scott of Raeburn, his brother, showing that the Lords ar skt suo filio legitimno tertio genito, terrarum de Ro- of Councill, by ane act of the 22d day of Junii, 1663, did grant

8 Tbe inunificent old gentleman left all his four sons power and warrand to the petitioner, to separat and take away to terabit estates, and settled those of Eilrig and Raeburn, Raeburn's children, from his family and education, and to begithare with valuable possessions around Lessudden, upon breed them in some convenient place, where they might be W

, is third son, who is ancestor of the Scotts of Raeburn, free from all infection in their younger years, from the princi: El tale Author of Waverley. He appears to have become palls of Quakerism, and, for maintenance of the saids children, Sve to the doctrine of the Quakers, or Friends, and a did ordain letters to be direct agains: Raeburn; and, seeing the planer of their peculiar tenets. This was probably at Petitioner, in obedience to the suid order, did take away the

when George Fox, the celebrated apostle of the sect, saids children, being two sonnes and a daughter, and after some

Tetition into the south of Scotland about 1657, on paines taken upon them in his owne family, hes sent them to which derenca he boasts, that “ as he tirst set his horse's feet the city of Glasgow, to be bread at schooles, and there to be penki ground, he felt the seed of grace to sparkle about principled with the knowledge of the true religion, and that it be itunerable sparks of fire." Upon the same occa.

is necessary the Councill determine what shall be the mainteperbably, Sir Gideon Scott of Highchester, second son of nance for which Raeburn's three children may be charged, as for Wiam, imediate elder brother of Walter, and ancestor likewise that Raeburn himself, being now in the Tolbooth of

the man's friend and kinsman, the present representative Edinburgh, where he dayley converses with all the Quakers of the annu'y of Harden, also embraced the tenets of Quakerisin. who are prisoners there, and others who daily resort to them, This izs erovert, Gideon, entered into a controversy with the whereby he is hardened in bis pernitious opinions and prinher. daties Kirkton, author of the Secret

and True History ciples, without all hope of recovery, unlesse lie be separat from the Circh of Scotland, which is noticed by my ingenious such pernitious company, humbly therefore, desyring that the Ted Mr Charles Kirkpatricke Sharpe, in his valuable and Councell might determine upon the soume of money to be payed berums edition of that work, 4to. 1817. Sir William Scott, be Raeburn, for the education of his children, to the petitioner, is the brothers, remained, amid the defection of his two who will be countable therefor; and that, in order to his conpasar brethren, an orthodox member of the Presbyterian version, the place of his imprisonment may be changed. The Curre, and used such means for reclaiming Walter of Rae- Lords of his Maj. Privy Councell having at length beard and baru fora bis heresy, as savoured far more of persecution than considered the foresaid petition, doe modifie the soume of two erua ton. In this he was assisted by MacDougal of Maker- thousand pounds Scots, to be payed yearly at the terme of Bon, brother to Isabella MacDougal, the wite of the said Whitsunday be the said Walter Scott of Raeburn, furth of his Water , and who, like her husband, had conformed to the estate to the petitioner, for the entertainment and education of

the said children, beginning the tirst termes payment therof at The interest possessed by Sir Williani Scott and Makerston Whitsunday last for the half year preceding, and so furth yearly, the powerful enough to procure the two following acts of the at the said terme of Whitsunday in tyin comeing till furder hivy Comell of Scotland, directed against Walter of Raebum orders; and ordaines the said Walter Scott of Raeburn to be kan beretic and convert to Quakerism, appointing him to be transported from the tolbooth of Edinburgh to the prison of

ned first in Edinburgh jail, and then in that of Jedo Jedburgh, where his friends and others may have occasion 10 boy; and hus eluildren to be taken by force from the society convert him. And to the effect he may be secured from the and direction of their parents, and educated at a distance from practice of other Quakers, the said Lorus dve hereby discharge location brudes the assignment of a sum for their maintenance, the magistrates of Jedburgh to suffer any persons suspect of Rettent in those times to be burdensome to a moderate Scot- these principles to have access to him; and in case any con

traveen, that they secure ther persons till they be therfore

puneist; and ordaines letters to be direct beirupon in form, Apud Edin. vigesimo Junii 1665.

as effeirs." ** The Lords of his Magesty's Privy Council having receaved furmation that Scott of Raebum, and Isobel Mackdougall,

Both the song, thus harshly separated from their father, la wite, being infected with the error of Quakerisın, doe en- proved good scholars. The eldest, William, who carried on the Sauvous to breid and traine up William, Walter, and Isobel

line of Raeburn, was, like his father, a deep Orientalist; the Sutts, their children, in the same profession, doe therefore give

younger, Walter, became a good classical scholar, a great friend onder and command to Sir Williain Scott of Harden, the suid

and correspondent of the celebrated Dr Pitcairn, and a Jacobite Raetuum's brother, to seperat and take away the saids children

so distinguished for zeal, that he made a vow never to shave fron the custody and society of the saids parents, and to cause

his beard till the restoration of the exiled fainily. This last But und bring them up in his owne bouse, or any other con:

Walter Scott was the author's great-grandfather. genient place, and ordaines letters to be direct at the said Sir

There is yet another link betwixt the author and the simpleWilliam's Instance against Raeburn, for a maintenance

to the minded and excellent Society of Friends, though a proselyto ot Rauds chadren, and that the said Sir Wm. give ane accuunt of

much more importance than Walter Scott of Raeburn. The as diligence with all convenieney."

celebrated John Swinton of Swinton, xixth baron in descent

of that incient and once powerful family, was, with Sir Williara 1 1 Sve Douglas's Baronage, page 215.

Locklart of Lee, the person whou Cruza well chiefly trusiud u

Quaker toets.

me managernent of the Scot:ish affairs during his usurpation. After the Restoration, Swinton was devoted as a victim to the new order of things, and was brought down in the samne vessel which conveyed the Marquis of Argyle to Edinburgh, where that nobleman was tried and executed. Swinton was destined to the same fate. He had assured the habit, and entered into the Society of the Quakers, and appeared as one of their numder before the Parliament of Scotland. He renounced all legal defence, though several pleas were open to him, and answered, in conformity to the principles of his sect, that at the time these crines were imputed to him, he was in the gall of bitterness and bond of iniquity; but that God Almighty having since called him to the light, he saw and acknowledged these errors, and did not refuse to pay the forfeit of them, even though, in the judgment of the Parliament, it should extend to life itself.

Respect to fallen greatness, and to the patience and calm resignation with which a nan once in high power expressed himself under such a change of fortune, found Swinton friends; family connections, and some interested considerations of Middleton the Commissioner, joined to procure his safety, and he was dismissed, but after a long imprisonment, and mucli dilapidation of Eis estates. It is said, that Swinton's admonitions,

while confined in the Castle of Edinburglı, had a considerad. share in converting to the tenets of the Friends Colonel David Barclay, then lying there in garrison. This was the father of Robert Barclay, author of the celebrated Apology for the Quakers. It may be observed among the inconsistencies of human nature, that Kirkton, Wodrow, and other Presbyterian authors, who have detailed the sufferings of their own sect for non-conformity with the established church, censure the government of the time for not exerting the civil power against the peaceful enthusiasts we have treated of, and some express particular chagrin at the escape of Swinton. Whatever might be his motives for assuming the tenets of the Friends, the old man retained them faithfully till the close of his life.

Jean Swinton, grand-daughter of Sir Jolin Swinton, son of Judge Swinton, as the Quaker was usually termned, was mother of Anne Rutherford, the author's mother.

And thus, as in the play of the Anti-Jacobin, the ghost of the author's grandmother having arisen to speak the Epilogue, it is full time to conclude, lest the reader should remonstrate that his desire to know the Author of Waverley never include: a wish to be acquainted with his whole a cestry.

The Heart of Mid-Lothian.

FRERE.

CHAPTER I.

to set his face in stern opposition to these speedy

conveyances, had collected, I have heard, a formi. Being Introductory.

dable list of such casualties, which, joined to the

imposition of innkeepers, whose charges the passen& down thy hill, romantic Ashboum, glides

gers had no time to dispute, the sauciness of the Tae Derby dilly, carrying six insides.

coachman, and the uncontrolled and despotic autho

rity of the tyrant called the guard, held forth a Tve times have changed in nothing more (we picture of horror, to which murder, theft, fraud, * s3 we were wont the manuscript of Peter and peculation, lent all their dark colouring. But Pasieson) than in the rapid conveyance of intelli- that which gratifies the impatience of the human Fue and communication betwixt one part of disposition will be practised in the teeth danger, Sortland and another. It is not above twenty or and in defiance of admonition; and, in despite of Saint years, according to the evidence of many the Cambrian antiquary, mail-coaches not only roll edible witnesses now alive, since a little miser- their thunders round the base of Penman-Maur and able borse-cart, performing with difficulty a journey Cader-Edris, but of thirty miles per diem, carried our mails from the

Frighted Skiddaw henrs afar capital of Sentland to its extremity. Nor was Scot

The rattling of the unscythed car. band much more deficient in these accommodations, tua car rich sister had been about eighty years And perhaps the echoes of Ben Nevis may soon be kebore. Fidding, in his Tom Jones, and Farquhar, awakened by the bugle, not of a warlike chieftain, in a little farce called the Stage-Coach, have ridi- but of the guard of a mail-coach. cukai the slowness of these vehicles of public accom- It was a fine summer day, and our little school modatia. According to the latter authority, the had obtained a half holyday, by the intercession of highest bribe could only induce the coachman to a good-humoured visiter.' I expected by the coach

nise to anticipate by half an hour the usual a new number of an interesting periodical publicaLime of his arrival at the Bull and Mouth.

tion, and walked forward on the highway to meet But in both countries these ancient, slow, and it, with the impatience which Cowper has described fere mades of conveyance, are now alike unknown ; as actuating the resident in the country when mail-crach races against mail-coach, and high-flyer longing for intelligence from the mart of news : aunt high-flyer, through the most remote districts d Britain. And in our village alone, three post

“ The grand debate,

The popular harangue,--the tart reply, cebes, and four coaches with men armed, and in

The logic, and the wisdom, and scarlet cassocks, thunder through the streets each And the loud laugh,-1 long to know them all ;--tar, and rival in brilliancy and noise the invention

I burn to set the imprison'd wranglers free,

And give the voice and utterance again.' d the celebrated tyrant :

It was with such feelings that I eyed the approach Demens, qui nimbos et non imitabile fuumen, Ire a cornipedum pulsu, simularat, equorum.

of the new coach, lately established on our road,

and known by the name of the Somerset, which, to Now and then, to complete the resemblance, and say truth, possesses some interest for me, even when a correct the presumption of the venturous chario- it conveys no such important information. The texts, it does happen that the career of these dash- distant tremulous sound of its wheels was Heard og rivals of Salmoneus meets with as undesirable just as I gained the summit of the gentle ascent, mai violent a termination as that of their prototype. called the Goslin-brae, from which you command liis on such occasions that the Insides and Outsides, an extensive view down the valley of the river to use the appropriate vehicular phrases, have rea- Gander. The public road, which comes up the side 3 to rue the exchange of the slow and safe motion of that stream, and crosses it at a bridge about a of the ancient Fly-coaches, which, compared with quarter of a mile from the place where I was the chariots of Mr Palmer, so ill deserve the name. standing, runs partly through enclosures and planThe ancient vehicle used to settle quietly down, like tations, and partly through open pasture land. It e sluip scuttled and left to sink by the gradual influx is a childish amusement perhaps, – but my life has of the waters, while the modern is smashed to pieces been spent with children, and why should not my with the velocity of the same vessel hurled against pleasures be like theirs ? — childish as it is then, I breakers, or rather with the fury of a bomb bursting at the conclusion of its career through the air. The ate ingenious Mr Pennant, whose huumor it was

1 llis honour Gilbert Goslinn of Gandercleugh ; for I love to be precise in matters of importance.-J. C.

wit,

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