« VorigeDoorgaan »
meinoirs, published about ten or twelve years ago a member of the Polignac administration, frein the “Quarterly," was contraband, stolen from quently wrote in it; and one of the recognized Colnet, and smuggled into the Review as though editors at this period was the founder of the jourit were native produce. There was not a critic in cal, Joseph Michaud, author of the “ History of England to detect or expose this plagiariem, or to the Crusades." M. Merle used to write the prove to our countrymen that there was scarcely an theatrical, and M. Balzac the feuilletons; but original thought in the articles, all being borrowed of late, this latter person has ceased to write. or literally translated from the French. The igno- The circulation of the “ Quotidienne" is under rance of France and of French literature in Eng- 4000. land is astonishing. With the exception of Mr. We are now about to speak of a remarkable Crowe, recently foreign editor of the “Morning man and a remarkable journal—the man, the late Chronicle, we do not believe there is a single man Arinand Carrel- the journal, the “National." at the press of England well informed on France Carrel was born at Rouen, in 1800, of a legitimist and French literature.
family. From his earliest youth, though his Under the ministry of Villele, Genoude was family were all engaged in commerce, he ex- made a Conseiller d'Etat. He then placed the hibited a predominant passion for the military pro
prefix to his name, and obtained, although son of fession, and was entered of the college of St. Cyr. a limonadier of Grenoble, letters of nobility. Now While a sous-lieutenant of the 29th regiment of it soits M. de Genoude to demand assemblées pri- the line, in garrison at Béfort, he took an active maires-or a general council of the nation-in ihe part in the conspiracy of 1821, which failed hope--the vain hope that the people would call miserably. He was not either discovered or deback the elder branch of the Bourbons. This cry nounced, and proceeded with his regiment to has failed to cause any fusion of ultra-royalists and Marseilles. republicans. The people well know that Genoude The war of 1824 had just broken out in Spain, and his party are not sincere, and that he and they when, impelled by a love of adventure, he resigned only clamor for universal suffrage, under the im- the military service of his country, embarked on pression that power would be transferred from the board a fishing-boat at Marseilles for Barcelona, bourgeoisie to the grands and petits seigneurs and and entered the French regiment of Napoleon the their dependents. M. Lourdoueix, formerly an Second. This foreign legion, after much adverse ex chef des Belles Lettres in the Ministry of the fortune, capitulated to the French troops. The Interior, is supposed to write many of the articles capitulation included the French as well as the conceived in this spirit. He is undoubtedly a Spanish soldiers. They were, nevertheless, man of talent, but, to use a vulgar phrase, he has thrown into prison, and ultimately dragged before brought his talent to a wrong market. Theatres a council of war. Carrel was tried and acquitted. are supposed to be reviewed by M. de la Forest, But this affair put an end to all hope of preferment and a few years ago the place of Colnet was in the army, or, indeed, to a military career, and filled-though his loss was not supplied-by Carrel thought of studying the law. But he was another bookseller, M. Bossange, author of a the- not a Bachelor of Arts, or, as the French say, a atrical piece.
Bachelor in Letters, and the law, too, he was M. de Nettement, son of the late consul-general obliged to renounce. He became the secretary of of France in London, frequently writes in the a distinguished historian, and in this way it was “Gazette de France," and also in the “Corsaire that his literary and political labors commenced. Satan," another paper of M. Genoude. The cir. He wrote a resumé of the Histories of Scotland culation of the Gazette de France" has dimin- and Modern Greece for the booksellers; and vari. ished within the last year. It had, a couple of ons articles in the “Revue Americaine," the years ago, abont 1500 subscribers in Paris, and 'Constitutionnel," the “Globe," the “ Revue about 4000 in the provinces, but now the abonnés Française," and the * Producteur." In 1827, he in Paris are scarcely a thousand, and it is said not published, in his twenty-seventh year, his “ His. to have 3000 in the provinces. The legitimist toire de la contre Révolution en Angleterre," a press is reported to have lost 4000 subscribers work of sterling merit, and was rising into the since the feuilletons of Alexandre Dumas, and of first eminence as author and journalist, when, in that lively writer, Theophile Gautier, have been 1829, Jules de Polignac was called from the emadmitted into it. Both these gentlemen are bassy of London, to fill the place of president of liberals, and your true Carlist, too much like some the cooncil of ininisters in France. Carrel's eager of the same breed among ourselves, would scom mind, weary of what appeared to him the languor to be instructed, and will not deign to be even and indifference of the other journals, conceived entertained by the most amusing liberal in Chris. the idea of founding the “ National." He comtendom.
municated his intention to Thiers and Mignet. It The " Quotidienne" was a most furiously big. I was agreed that they should each in turn take the oted high church paper in the days of Villele, and place of rédacteur-en-chef for a year. Thiers, as it is so still. It detests the very Dame of the reso- ihe eldest of the three, was first installed, and conlution, and abhors the memory of all those who ducted the paper with energy and spirit till the remained in France during its progress. In 1827 revolution of 1830 broke out. From the first the and 1828, the “ Quotidienne" was written in al National" set out with the idea that the dynasty most obsolete and barbarous style, by young semi- was incorrigible, and that it was necessary to narists, who had never seen the world, and who change it. The leading principle of the journal were taught to admoire the ages of monks and in was Orleanism, yet at this period Thiers had never quisitors. During the Martignac administration, seen the Duke of Orleans, now Louis-Philippe. the “ Quotidienne" was enthusiastically supported. The effect produced by the refusal of a budget, by the pure Ultras, at the head of whom were La and the refusal to pay taxes, was immense-a Bourdoonaye, Delalot, and Hyde de Neuville. M. de la Bourdonnaye, then the leader of the cen. He has stated this in his last famous speech, in the tre opposition, and afterwards, for a short period, andof orch, in the chamber of deputies.
refusal owing altogether to the spirited counsels and manly eloquence—the eloquence of feeling, and articles of the " National." "The crisis and not of phrases or of words and a political writer the coup d'éiat of the incapable ministry were of the very highest order. There was a simhastened, if not produced, by this journal. plicity, a clearness, a firmness, and a noble color
On the 26th of July, 1830, the editors behaved ing and grandeur in all he said and in all he wrote, nobly. At the office of the “ National" it was, for he was a man of heart and conviction, simple, that the famous protest was drawn up and signed, sincere, and straightforward.' The two greatest which proclaimed the right, and exhibited the geniuses of France-representing the poetry and example, of resistance. The authors of this prose of our epoch—followed him to the tomb. remarkable document were Thiers and Rémusal-His friends Béranger and Chateaubriand wept both afterwards ministers and Cauchois Lemaire, over his mangled remains, and have recorded—the a journalist and man of letters. To issue such a one in undying verse, the other in imperishable document was to put one's head in peril; yet it prose-their deep and mournful sense of the loss was signed, and speedily, too, by the soldiers of which France sustained in his premature and the pen. On the following day the office of the melancholy end. Carrel was tall and handsome, paper was surrounded by the police, aided by an with a countenance sicklied over with the pale cast armed force, and there the presses of the journal of thought. His air was chivalrous, and ihat of a were broken, Thiers and Carrel protesting against soldier, but his manners were somewhat haughty this illegal violence. It was Carrel's turn, after and stern. His habits and tastes were what would the revolution had been happily accomplished, to be called aristocratic, and he was no lover of take the conduct of the paper, for Thiers and Mig- equality or of communism. He had engaged, a net bad both received employments in the new few months before his death, to write the life of government. Ably for some time did he fulfil his Napoleon, and had he lived he would have protask, till public opinion pointed him out as the duced a work worthy of the subject-worthy of fittest person to be sent on a pacific mission to the himself. It was so arranged, also, that if he had insargent west. On his return from this mission been spared a month longer, the chamber would he was named Prefect du Cantal, and also offered have resounded with his earnest and eloquent promotion in the arıny : but he rejected both voice, but the hopes of his friends and his country offers, and resumed the editorship of the Nation concerning him were soon to be forever blighted. al," now the firmest as well as the ablest organ Since the death of Carrel the “ National" has been of the democracy. In the columns of the journal, conducted with much less talent, and with a total which he conducted with such surpassing ability, absence of judgment. It has ever remained a pure he derer concealed or mitigated his radical and republican paper, and conscientiously so ; but it is republican tendencies. His idea of a supreme possible to be purely republican without sowing magistrale was, that he should be elective and noxious national hatred, or seeking to set Englishresponsible; that the second chamber should be men and Frenchmen by the ears, as it now does elective, and the press inviolable. Political re- designedly, and with malice prepense. We desire forms were, in bis opinion, the only sure logical a good intelligence with all the world, but a and legitimate mode of producing social reforms. friendly, a kindly intelligence with France. “ The To the arbitrary and high-handed ministry of Douglas and the Percy both together" are more Périer he opposed a vigorous resistance. When than a match for all the other nations of the earth. the rich banker, merchant, manufacturer, and min- The “ National” now reflects the opinions of a ister, who had all the arrogance of a nouveau portion of the French working classes, but it has nebe, and all the insolence of a vieux talon rouge, not above 3000 or 4000 ahonnés. In 1836, before wished to proceed to extremities against the press, Carrel was killed, it had 4300 abonnés. But Carrel said, in the “ National," " that every though the nuinber of subscribers was then small, writer, with a proper sense of the dignity of a the influence of the journal was immense. This citizen, would oppose the law to illegality, and is no uncommon thing in France. The “Globe," force to force-that being a sacred duty, come under the restoration, though far from having so what night." The minister hesiiated in his many subscribers as ihe " Constitutionnel,'' had plans, and Carrel remained victor. The mascu- much more influence-influence not merely upon line breadth of Carrel's style-his bold, brare, and the men, but upon the ideas of the epoch. A debant tone-which, 10 use the graphic descrip- journal may have a great and wide publicity, withtin of his friend, M. de Cormenin, “ semblait out a great many subscribers. The publicity of sonner du clairon et monter à l'assaut," procured the “ Reforme" and the National" is as real and him many enemies ; and there were not wanting as great as the publicity of the “ Siècle" and the those who speculated to rise in life, by coming “ Presse." They may have less abonnés, but intn personal encounter with a man so formidable, they have as many readers. It were a great mis. and filling so large a space in the public eye. take to suppose that the numbers of a French Jast, generous, disinterested, Carrel was intrepid journal subscribed for, or sold, is any test of the as a lion-chivalrous, and, like all noble natures, number of its readers. The "Débats," for insomewhat touchy on the point of honor ; pronipi stance, has about 9000 subscribers, and probably to take offence, yet forgetful of injuries. He be- not abore 20,000 readers, i. e., two and a fraction eame engaged in a miserable quarrel or squabble, to each paper, whereas, the National," wiik which was not his, and this remarkable man, and only 4000 abonnés, probably has 24,000 readers, most eminent writer-to the irresistible ascendancy or six to each paper. of whose character all who came in contact with Every Frenchinan, high or low, is more or less larm bowed down-was shot, in 1836, by the of a politician, and therefore newspapers are in hand of M. Emile Girardin, the editor of “ La greater number, and circulate through infinitely Presse."
more hands than in England. This is true of the Thus perished, in his thirty-sixth year, the dearest among them, the organ of every governfounder the creator-the life and soul of the ment, the “ Débats ;" but it is true in a ten-fold " National"- person of rare courage-of a bold degree, of a paper appealing to popular style, and
advocating doctrines which obtain a ready acqui- | Eighteenth the night of his departure for Ghent, escence and favor among the working classes. In and who received in recompense of his loyal tears, every cabinet de lecture-in every restaurant-in at the period of the second Restoration, as a gift every café-in every gargote--in every guinguette from the king, a place which he afterwards sold to
-on the counter of every marchand de vin in the Jew advocate, Crimeux, for 300,000f.no every workshop where ouvriers are congregated- wonder that they call this patriotic recipient and such a paper is to be found. In the workshop it dispenser of good fat sinecures, " orateur eminent, is read aloud by some one workman, pro bono homme politique considerable." If a pompous publico--in the restaurant, the café, the gargote, and prophetic tone, a magisterial and solemn air, and the guinguette, it is eagerly passed from hand and common-place ideas and sentiments, suffice to to hand. Though, therefore, it may be admitted make an eminent orator, and the postponing of that the “ Débats" has more abonnés than the electoral reform till liberty is secured by the erec" National," and makes more money, yet the tion of the enceinte continuée, a considerable politi“ National” makes more converts, for its senti- cian-what an anti-climax!-then is Odillon Barments are diffused more widely and take deeper rot an eminent orator and a considerable politician. root. La Roche and Marrast, formerly of ihe The “ Siècle' has not eolarged its size. It con“ Tribune," conducted the “National" subse- sists of twelve columns, exclusive of advertisequently to the death of Carrel. It is now, we ments, and is about eighteen inches long, and believe, cooducted by Bastide and Thomas. twelve and a half broad. The feuilleton consists
The “ Siècle" is a paper which, though estab- of six columns, and is much better written than lished within the last eleven years, has a greater cir- any other portion of the paper. Alphonse Karr, culation than any journal in Paris. This is owing the author of the “Guèpes," is one of the principartly to its having been the first journal to start at pal contributors, and Frederic Soulié has sold his ihe price of forty francs a year, at a period when pen as a feuilletoniste for six years to the “ Sieevery other journal was published at a cost of from cle" and the Presse'' conjointly. The Siècle" seventy to eighty francs; partly to its being pub- has always appeared to us a dull paper-probably lished under the auspices of the deputies of the it is necessary that the writers should level themconstitutional opposition--and partly to its being selves down to the intellect of the genre epicierwhat the “Constitutionnel” was, from 1820 10 and indifferently written. The review of Thiers' 1825, the journal of the shop-keepers and epiciers. History, which made some noise, was by ChamSince it started into being, every journal in Paris, bolle, ihe editor, as the review in the “ Constituwith the exception of the “ Débats," has lowered tionnel" was written by Merruau, the friend of its price, and all of them have enlarged their form ; | Thiers. But a far more correct, comprehensive, but these mutations and transformations have not copious and fairer review of this work, appeared injured the “Siècle," because it represents the just after its publication, in No. 69 of the ** For. opinion of the majority-the opinion, in a word, eign Quarterly Review," published in the month of la petite bourgeoisie-the small shopkeepers in of April, last year. cities and towns, and the proletaires throughout We are now to speak of the oldest of the new the country. The “ Siècle" is said to have order of journals—we mean “ La Presse." This 42,000 abonnés, and the shares of 200 francs, paper was founded in June, 1836, by M. Emile de which have always borne an interest, have been Girardin, said to be a natural son of the Count nearly reimbursed to the proprietors, and are now Alexander, or his brother, Stanislas Girardin, by worth five or six times their original cost. Ten an English mother. The revolution of 1830 saw years ago there were only two journals which paid, Emile de Girardin an Inspector des Beaux Arts. as a literary and commercial speculation ; ihese Shortly after that event, he became the editor of were the “Gazette des Tribunaux" and the the "Journal des Connaissances Vules," of the “ Constitutionnel ;" but now the “ Siècle" and the “ Panthéon Littéraire," of the " Musée de Famil* Presse" are the most successful as commercial 'les," and of the “ Voleur;" but all these journals speculations. To show the vicissitudes of news. died in quick succession. He then published a paper property in France, it may be here stated, book called “ Emile," which had no great success. that in 1839 the “ Presse" was sold for 1200 This is certainly no proof of want of talent, or, francs, but in 1841, two years afterwards, it was at best, but negative proof, while it affords positive worth a million to its new proprietors.
evidence of no common energy, and very great The editor of the “Siècle" is M. A. Cham- industry. As M. Girardin had no fortune, and bolle, a member of the chamber; and M. Gustave had married the pretty Delphine Gay, (daughter Beaumont, the author of a work on Ireland, forms of Sophie Gay,) who had nothing but her pen and a portion of the conseil de rédaction. The pains- poetry, it was necessary he should do something taking and laborious Leon Faucher also writes in to create an existence, or a name and an existence, the political department. That very dull, com- if that were possible. Conjointly, then, with an mon-place, pompous, overrated man, Odillon Bar-homme à projets, one M. Boutmey, who had inrot, to whose family comprising brothers, brothers-vented a machine called paracrotte, or mud-deiin-law, uncles, and nephews, the revolution has fender, which was to be attached to the heels of given 110,000f, a year, and concessions of land in pedestrians, and another instrument, called a phy. Africa, valued at $2,000f, a year, is the object of siortype, the ingenious Emile launched on the the “Siècle's" idolatry. This is not to be won-waters of the Seine, the project of the " Presse." dered at. Ferdinand Barrot, brother of Odillon, a As the journal was larger and cheaper than all writer, and a share-holder in and supporter of the other Freoch journals-as it was a joint-stock *** Siècle," received 24,000f, as avocat du Trésor : company on a new plan, as applied to newspapers and on the first of May, in the past year, one of -as, in a word, there was a garish, slap-dash the editors of the ** Siècle" obtained the decoration flourish, and melodramatic charlatanism about the of the Legion of Honor. No wonder, then, that thing, and a certain varnish of cleverness, shrewdthe writers in this journal call the ex Volontaire ness, modest assurance, novelty, and rouério-the Royal, who wept over the boots of Louis the prospectus took; the shares went off briskly; and, lo, and behold! the journal was born, a strong and / or bills drawn by the Baron Stieglitz, the Jewish healthy babe, after no long or painful gestation. banker, on the English Quay, at Petersburgh, is In 1837, when only a year old, it had 15,000 best known to those who pay and to those who abonnés; and in 1838, the product of its advertise- receive, what Frederic of Prussia called the "yel. ments amounted to 150,000 francs. It must, in low hussars." Though variable in other sentijustice to this journal, be stated, that it was the ments, feelings, and opinions, Girardin has ever firs, to teach the French public the use and advan- been true to the monster Nicholas, and his system ; tage of advertisements. Twenty years previously, and whenever he dare say a word in favor of there were not two columns of advertisements in either the one or the other, he is sure to do so. any French paper; whereas, two years after the His pure love for the Cossack might be pardoned, existence of the “ Presse," it could boast of five and would be unsuspicious, if it were not contemcolumns well-filled. The mother of Mde. Emile poraneous with a fierce resentment against Eng. de Girardin-Sophie Gay, née Lavalette-had pub- land, and the English. There is not a vile or a lished, under the title of " Causeries du Monde," base imputation, which the “ Presse," in its a periodical work, of which she had sold the copy- murky malignity, does not calumniously cast at right to Alphonse Karr, the sharp writer of the perfidious Albion. Inhumanity, savage barbarity, ** Guêpes." This maternal precedent, doubtless, fraud, trickery, hypocrisy, avarice, and corruption, suggested to the daughter, then of the ripe age are weekly, if not daily, imputed to us, by a man of thirty, but of considerable beauty, no mean whose journal is conducted in the most shopkeepaccomplishments, of rare talents, and already ing spirit-by a print which seeks to put all classes favorably known as a poetess, to help her husband under contribution, from the autocrat of the RusEinile in his new arocation. She started accord-sias to the smallest actor and actress of the Odeon ingly in the “ Presse," with a series of articles or Porte St. Martin, or to the most miserable tailor called " Causeries Parisiennes," signed the Vi- who pants for notoriety. If this be doubted, the comte de Launay, which papers had immense suc- proofs are at hand. Among the works placed at cess. Many of the vulgar-minded and title-wor- the head of this article, is a pamphlet, intituled, shipping of our countrymen and their name is " Venalité des Journaux, par constant Hilbey, Legion-will suppose that this was from the aris- Ouvrier.” This poor tailor iells us, at p. 12 of his toeratic pseudonyme with which the articles were pamphlet, that not only did he pay two francs a signed; but no human being in France cares a line for the insertion of a poem in the “ Presse," rush for a title, unless the bearer of it has some- according to the tenor of the receipt in the marthing better to recommend him. In Paris, and, ginal note at foot,* but that at the request of one indeed, in all France, society has agreed that of the editors, (Granier de Cassagnac) who had * The rank is but the guinea's stamp,
noticed his volume of poems, he sent that person,
who first wished for a silver teapot, value 200 The man 's the gowd for a' that."
francs, four couverts d'argent and six small spoons. If De Beranger, Chateaubriand, and De la A couvert d'argent, as the reader is aware, means Martine, were in a salon in France with the De a silver fork, a silver spoon, and a silver-handled Montmorencys, the De Levis, the De Guiches, the knife. Thus was the tailor put under contribution poets and men of genius would march to the salle for four silver forks, four silver spoons, four silverà manger before the feudal, territorial, and men- | handled knives, and six small spoons, the cost of tally undistinguished aristocracy; and the place which, at the very least, must have been 200 of honor would be assigned them in any assembly. I francs. This was pretty well for a column and a Not so, indeed, in free and liberal England. It half of criticism, even though the critic spoke of was not therefore, because of the aristocratic the author (as he did) in conjunction with Brutus, mame attached, that the “ Causeries" were read, Cassius, Staberius, Quintus Remius, Quintus but because of the ease, grace, spirit, and talent, Cecilius, Atticus, Abelard, Cardinal d'Ossat, St. which they disclosed. That they were what is Paul, the Magdalen, and Victor Hugo. called a “ lucky hit," and pleased readers, there Perfidious Albion should not, however, despair. can be no doubt. Meanwhile the paper was prac- If she should ever think the advocacy of the tically conducted, and in a most mercantile spirit. " Presse" worth the having a not very likely The interests of the commercial and shopkeeping | supposition-Emile will take her brief, if the quidclasses, as well as of the very numerous class of dam honorarium be forthcoming. What though he petits rentiers, were considered, sustained, and be now the most untiring vilipender of our name pandered to. In the political department, the and our country-calling us robbers in China, and journal had no very fixed or staple principles, and butchers in India; what, though he be the most took for its motto, “Au jour le jour." As to curt and contumelious in his epithets of abuse, political creed or conviction, the thing never en- crying, Death and hatred to the English governtered into the head of Girardin, unless as a means nient! what though he revel in prosperous and to wealth, consideration--and what the French well-paid malignity, offer him but the brief 10-morcall, a position. But the man was adroit, confi- row, and he will straightway become our zealous dent, ready, and full of resources, and never advocate. The scales will then fall from his eyes, despaired even when his prospects were of the and our sanguinary and sordid policy will not appear gloomiest. With all his address and management, so utterly indefensible as it did when he had a he barely paid his expenses. The Russian empe- retainer from Russia only. The financial prosTur and the Russian system of government, how- perity of the “ Presse" is said to have been in a ever, were without a champion at the Parisian great measure due to M. Dujarrier. press, and Girardin entered the lists. That this was done from pure love and affection, all Paris
*" La Presse, Rue St. George, 16. believes; for everybody knows that the Russian
"Reçu de M. Hilbey la somme de cent soixante francs,
pour insertion dans le journal. Nature de l'insertion, emperor never pays literary men either in paper Po
poesie ; A la Mère de celle que j'aime.. roubles or silver roubles. Whether they are ever
«Le Caissier, PRAVAZ. paid by him in Dutch ducats, or malachite vases, "Paris, 7 Septembre, 1839."
Though M. Emnile lived in 1939, “ en grand mercial intelligence, to its dramatic accounts of train," possessing a fine, well-furnished house ; or, robberies, murders, fires, and sudden deaths; not to use the words of Jules Janin, ** aussi bien logé forgetting its chronicle of affairs before the Police que les agents de change,''* with pictures, livery. Correctionelle. servants, carriages, horses, &c., yet somehow or What is the Roman feuilleton ? our readers will other there was nothing to justify this; for the naturally ask. It is a novel or tale, written in the journal was sinking by little and little, and the most ad captandom and exaggerated fashion, from shareholders were perpetually required to pay fresh seven to fifteen small columns of which is published calls. From the moment M. Dujarrier entered the daily, with a view to obtain readers, and, by neconcern, however, things wore a fourishing aspect ; cessary implication, advertisements ; for the adand though the expenses of management amount vertiser will assuredly go to the journal which is to 282,000 francs annually, yet each cinquantième most read. The “ Presse" was the first to invent share originally negotiated at 4000 francs, now this execrable system, by which literature is made sells from 30,000 to 35,000, albeit the shareholders alternately the prostitute and decoy duck of the have yearly received ten per cent. for their money. most sordid venality. Before 1830 the main feaAn unlucky fatality seems, however, to hang over ture and distinguishing characteristic of each this journal. In 1836, as we before stated, Girar. French paper was its political party or color. din, the principal editor of the “ Presse," shot, in The greedy spirit of speculation has changed this. a duel, the able and eloquent Carrel; and in The desire of the traders in newspapers now is by March, 1845, Dajarrier, the associate and co-editor the feuilleton to absorb all literature, unless such of Girardin, lost his life in a duel with a person of as is published in their own pages, and to render the name of Rosemond de Beauvallon, till within such literature as they put forth, tributary to this the last three weeks an exile in Spain,t in conse-soul-degrading money-grubbing. The great obquence of an arrêt of the Cour Royale de Rouen, ject of the Girardins and Cassagnacs is to get which declared that he commiued “un homicide money, money, money. “Rem quocunque modo volontaire sur la personne de M. Dujarrier, et rem" is their stereotyped motto. In their anxiety d'avoir commis cet homicide avec premeditation." to procure customers-i. e. readers and advertise.
la 1843, at the suggestion of Dujarrier, the ments-they may be likened to the Hebrews of * Presse" published, under the title of a supple- Holywell street, or the old-clothes men of Monment, " Le Bulletin des Tribunaux," adding 20 mouth street and Rag-fair, who, to use the cant of francs to its price. Six thousand additioual sub- the trade, are of the "plock you in" school. scribers were in consequence obtained in a very The “Presse" and the Epoque" are of the few months. The last accounts published by the "pluck you in" and fripier school in literature. “ Presse" place its profits at 200,000 francs, or in their morality any trick is fair to gain an abonné £8000 a year; and if its agreement with the or an annonce at two francs the "petite ligne," or, " Compagnie Daveyrier" prove a successful specu- still better, at twelve francs “ la grande ligne en lation, it is estimated that its net profits will be petite texte." Journalism and literature run equal 300,000 francs, or £12,000 a year, at the end of dangers from these tricky tradesmen. In seeking 1846.
to make newspapers books, and books newspapers, To the Eoglish reader, some explanation of the these men destroy the distinctive character and ** Compagnie Daveyrier" is quite indispensable. nature of books and newspapers. The book in This company farms out the advertisements of cer- being cut up into fragments, and written not to tain journals, allowing the proprietors so many portray truth and nature, but to suit the journal thousand francs a year net. "To the “ Presse," and its customers, is written to sample and pattern. for instance, Daveyrier and Co. allow 100,000 At the end of the tenth, or twelfth, or seventh francs, or £4000 ; and for this sum, the “ Société column, as the case may be, there is an interestGeneral des Annonces," as it is called, has a right ing situation, where the tale breaks off, on the 10 so many columns of the journal. The head Monday. The grocer's daughter, the dyer's wife, office of the society is in the Place de la Bourse, the baker's cousin, and the priest's niece, are in No. 8; but there are 214 bureaux d'insertion in raptures, and look for the paper on Tuesday with various quarters of Paris, or from five to a dozen eager expectation. The tale or the novel is in each arrondissement, according to its population, therefore like Peter Pindar's razors, not made to commerce, &c. There is a scale of charges pe- shave, but to sell ; not written to represent life as caliar to the society. What are called "les an- it really is, but to present it as a series of startling nonees agrées," are charged at two francs la petite incidents and surprising contrasts. It will result ligne, or twelve francs la grande ligno, en petit from this system that as a political authority the texte. It is a great problem whether this company journal must be lowered, and as a literary effort will be successful-a problem which time alone the book discredited. Independently of this concan solve ; but it is the opinion of an excellent sideration the public taste becomes as a consefriend of ours-the editor of the Constitutionnel" quence daily more and more vitiated and pervert-M. Merruay-that the undertaking will be suced. All relish for serious literature, or matured, cessful. Though the small teasing and worrying well reflected productions, is lost. The moral, the usually thrown at the English by the “ Presse, political, and the literary views of the question are may have made it popular with a portion of the sacrificed to the mercantile, mechanical, and populace of Paris, yet its greatest success (apart money-getting. Romances are now ordered by the from the Roman feuilleton) is owing to its com- wholesale houses, in the journal line, by the
square yard or the square foot, with so many *Lettre à Mde. Emile de Girardin, par Jules Janin.
pounds of abuse of priestoraft ; so many grains of * Since this was written M. Beauvallon has returned to double adultery ; so many drachms of incest : so France and taken his trial.-See the " Journal des Démany ounces of poisoning ; so many scruples of hats" of the 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th and 31st March ; the simple fornication or seductions of soubrettes ; and ** Morning Chronicle" of the 3d, and the * Daily News of the 4th April
so many pennyweights of common sense to knead