« VorigeDoorgaan »
tions of Fievée obliged the elder Bertin, who had to write in the paper, and in such a season it was been for some time judge of the Tribunal de Com- that the Abbé de Lammenais, since become so merce of the Seine, to look out for recruits. The famous in a democratical sense, composed some restoration had now taken place, and a new era remarkable articles, not yet forgotten after the dawned on literature. Men breathed more freely, lapse of a quarter of a century. The old classical and dared to utter their thoughts in a somewhat school of literature in France was fast disappearbolder tone. A hundred thousand new ideas, | ing, and Bertin soon perceived that the classical stifled amid the clangor of battle and the din of school of criticism must disappear with it. He arms, now found free expression. The reign of again cast about him for young writers, and fixed terror had passed, and the reign of despotism. / upon M. St. Marc Girardin, then a nearly unknown Men were sickened with the smell of gunpowder, young man, but whose “ Tableau de la Littérature and fatigued with the sound of cannon. The pen, Française," subsequently to 1829, obtained the now that the sword was sheathed, began to be prize of eloquence from the French Academy, and used. Mind vindicated itself against matter who is now one of the most learned professors of intellect against mere brute force. There was on the Sorbonne, and M. de Sacy, the son of the the throne of France a learned and philosophic celebrated Orientalist, a young and learned advosovereign, a gentleman and a man of letters; a cate, of ripe studies and a pure taste. Both these royal author, if not a noble one; for Louis the gentlemen still afford their valuable assistance to Eighteenth had translated Horace with spirit and the paper, and both are among the ablest writers fidelity, and was the writer of the “Voyage à in France. Previously to this period, Salvandy, Coblentz,"-not exactly a tour, but a forced the present minister of public instruction in France, march, or flight from France, made by himself on had written some remarkable articles, distinguished the 21st June, 1791. It was therefore a moment by a felicitous imitation of the style of Chateaubripropitious to letters and progress. Chateaubriand and. From the period of the death of Louis gave full rein to his imagination ; Lamartine com- XVIII., in September, 1824, of whose character posed his first “ Méditations Poétiques," Victor he gave an admirable sketch, till the present day, Hugo started into literary life, and Scott, Byron, M. Salvandy may be considered among the conGoethe, and Schiller, found hundreds of transla- tributors to the Débats. There are few public tors and imitators. The classic taste of the learned men in France who have more of the talent of the and voluptuous old king recoiled from much of the journalist than Narcisse Achille de Salvandy. new literature ; but he resolved that, at least, the To an extreme vivacity of intellect he joins great Muse should be free, that the thoughts of man power of expression, an energy and enthusiasm should range unconfined, and that no padlock almost inexhaustible. Some of the best and most should be clapped on mind. The “ Journal des bitter articles against the Villêle ministry proDébats" was the first to understand the new era. ceeded from his pen, and he it was who, from his Bertin the elder was a keen observer, and he com- country-house near Paris, dealt, in some very prehended the distinctive character of the restora- able leading articles, the deadliest blows against tion as readily as he had understood the quality the Polignac ministry. To this deplorable minisof the empire. New and fresh, if not young try the “ Débats" was as much opposed as the blood, was infused into the rédaction of the paper. “Constitutionnel," and both waged an inextinDuvicquet-the worthy and excellent Duvicquet, guishable war against the Jesuits. so fond of a good glass of Clos Vougeot, and so From the death of Hoffinann, in 1828, Eugene devoted an admirer of the plats truffés-had suc- Béquet, the last of the old school, took a more ceeded to Geoffroy. But Duvicquet was a rigid prominent part in the literary department. His classicist, and it was necessary to find some one productions were distinguished, not more by sound who would read and comprehend the rising litera- sense than by exact learning, and a pleasant vein ture of France, and not be disposed to make a of humor. holocaust of it. Charles Nodier, a man of an In 1826–7 the “ Débats” counted not more than easy and facile character, of gentle manners, but 12,600 subscribers. This was not owing to any of solid learning, a pupil of the school of Chateau- lack of interest or ability in its articles, for it was briand, was the censor chosen to stretch out the conducted with amazing tact and talent; but a forfriendly hand to the new band of innovators. It midable competitor had appeared, in the shape of a were difficult to fix on a happier choice. Nodier journal called the “Globe,” to which some of the was not merely a classical scholar, in the bestablest and most educated young men of France conacceptation of the word, but a man well read in tributed. Among others, M. de Rémusat, one of the modern and living literature of England and the deputies for Garonne, and minister under Thiers, Germany. His articles were learned without and M. Duvergir de Hauranne, one of the deputies pedantry, and distinguished by an admirable free for Cher, MM. Duchatel and Dumon, now minisdom, freshness, and grace. While Nodier yielded ters of the interior and of public works respecto the spirit of progress in literature, the high tively, and M. Piscatory, minister of France, in political doctrines of the journal were maintained Greece.. by Castelbajac, Clausel de Cousserques, and the Against that illegal ordonnance of Charles X. famous De Bonald.
which abolished the press, the “ Débats" made no In March, 1815, the proprietor of the “ Débats" such energetic remonstrances as the other journals. followed the king to Ghent, and in the September In speaking of the tumultuous groups of workmen following was named President of the Electoral traversing the boulevards, the writer of a leading College of the Seine. Soon after, he was ap- political article remarked, “On s'attendait à des pointed to the Secretariat Général du Ministère de actes énergiques de la part de l'autorité, l'autorité la Police. Meanwhile the columns of the “Dé- ne se fait remarquer que par son absence.” bats" resounded with the eloquent prose of Cha-| When, however, the insurgents obtained the teaubriand, and this was a step in advance of the upper hand, the note of the writer suddenly ultra and excessive royalism of 1814. Men of changed, and Lafayette was then spoken of as “le genius in every walk of life were now encouraged viel et illustre ami de la liberté, le defenseur intre
CXII. LIVING AGE. VOL. I. 5
pide de l'ordre, dont l'âge ne refroidit pas le zèle he is seized with a forced gaiety, which is, after patriotique."
all, but an abortire and lugubrious hilarity ; anon This was in the first days of August, and within he assumes a melancholy, which, if not sickly and seven weeks afterwards M. Bertin de Vaux was sentimental, is put on as a mask to suit the occa. named minister plenipotentiary to the King of Hol- sion. Jules Janin is just the man who, for effect land. In a very little while afterwards, Armand-to use the phrase of Curran " would teach his Bertin, the present gérant responsable of the jour. tears to flow decorously down his cheeks; who nal was appointed “commissaire" of the Acadé- would writhe with grace, and groan with melody." mie Royale de Musique.
He has sought the pretty, as Longinus sought the After the revolution of 1830 Duvicquet retired sublime. He delights in ingenjous paradoxes, to his native place, Clameci, and the feuilleton which he presents to you in ten different fashions : of the “ Journal des Débats" passed into the hands sometimes all rude and naked ; sometimes with a of Jules Janin, who had previously been connected thin robe of gauze ; sometimes painted, powdered, with the Messager," the “ Quotidienne," and the and patched, with flounce and furbelow to mateh. " Revue de Paris," and who was then better Janin is seldom deficient in delicate irony, but is known as the author of "L'Ane Mort et la Femme always full of mincing airs and graces, and an esGuillotinée," published in the year previously. prit à-la-mode de Paris. But in his gallon of The modern feuilleton under his management, no sogared sack, there is but a "ha'porth" of bread, longer resembles the ancient. Whether it has after all. In the stream of pet phrases which he been improved is, we think, more than questiona- pours forth, there is a tinyness, if not a tenuity of ble, and it certainly no longer possesses the au- idea. His style might be stereotyped. It would thority which it enjoyed in the time of Fréron, be a great saving to the " Débats" to have certain Geoffroy, Feletz, and Hoffmann. The earlier fond familiar words always set up, standing in feuilleton was distinguished by learning, judgment, case. Scores and scores of times, speaking of critical acumen, and discretion, and a measured débutantes, he has said : " Pauvre jeune fille aux moderation of tone. It was occasionally dry, joues roses, aux mains blanches, elle si pure, elle sometimes smelling too much of the rust of the si candide." schools, almost always ignorant of, and invariably Would he describe an age or an epoch, here are intolerant towards, foreign literature. But though his words :-"Ce xvme siècle en manchette, en it did not exhibit the variety and vivacity of tone dentelles, en talons rouges, en velours, en pailof the modern feuilleton, it was devoid of its shal-I lettes, avec ses mouches, son rouge, ce xvir* sièlowness, pretension, and parade. The ancient Icle si fardé si corrumpa," &c. This carillon of feuilleton aspired to instruct, the modern seeks click-clack, this fredon-to use a musical ternmerely to amuse. If the ancient feuilleton ad- of phrases; this fioritura of variations and doubles, hered somewhat too strictly to certain canons called by musicians “ follia di Spagna," is very
of criticism, certain cardinal principles in litera- contemptible; but it has had great vogue ; for the Iture and art, the modern has too freely trifled object of this writer is more io amuse than to in
with received notions, too much in paradox, and a form the reader, more to be playful than profound, ! laisser aller style. In seeking to avoid a heavy, more to be satirical than solid or satisfying. It is,
pedantic manner, the modern feuilleton has become therefore, no matter of marvel that Janin has many affected, mincing, and maniérée. The ancient admirers and many imitators, and is the rage of
feuilleton was too learned and too erudite-the men, women, and children. · modero is too ignorant and superficial. The an- One of the burning and shining lights of the
cient frequently died too deep into the subject in higher feuilleton of the “Débats" in 1830 and
hand for a daily newspaper--the modern almost 1831, was Loëve Weymar, who had become · always skims too lightly over the surface of the known in 1828 and 1829, by translations from the
subject, if it does not give the real question the German, His articles were distinguished by congo-by.
siderable brilliancy, and secured the approbation The great abuser and perverter of the modern of the minister of the day. He was, in consefeuilleton has undoubtedly been Jules Janin. quence, sent on a kind of literary mission to Rus*There is, as it appears to us, in everything that he sia. At St. Petersburgh he married a young
has written, what has been well characterized a Russian lady, with 700 or 800 slaves for a dowry, • "marivaudage de bas-étage." He seems always and is now consul-general of France in some part
to wish to be saying things uncommonly fine, of the eastern hemisphere. This is a sort of acci· witty, and clever, and to be fully persuaded that it dent which has never happened, we believe, to any
is his duty not only to write, but to think, differ- writer in the " Times" or ** Chronicle," literary ently from other people. To accomplish this, he or political. Ministers in England claim no kinperforms all sorts of mental gyrations and contor-dred, and have no fellow feeling, with the press; Lions, all sorts of grey-goose antics. Sometimes and if the "sublime of mediocrity," the descend
ant of the Lancashire cotton-spinner, has anything • An explanation of the word "feuilleton" may be to give away, he bestows it, not on writers or liteneeded by some of our reader. Till within the Inst ten rary men, but on the stupid son of some duke, who
years, that part of the newspaper separated by a line of : demarration from the politics and mere news, was called
calls him Judas and traitor, or on the thirty-first the feuilleton. It consisted of small, short columns, and cousin of some marquess, who tells him, for his was devoted to literature and literary criticism. It was pains, that he is no gentleman, and does not know
in these columns that the Geoffroy's, Hoffmanns, and what to do with his hands; or on the nephew of the • other able and learned men of the day, produced articles Countess of Fashington.. who simpers ont, with a
worthy of a permanent place in the standard literature of France. This was the ancient feuilleton, which degen seductive smile, that the premier is like Thresher's erated in the hands of Janin. Though subsequently best silk stockinge, fine and well woven on the leg. sought to be restored to its pristine purity by Evariste, bat, after all, with a cotton top.
Dumoulin, Saint Beuve, Nisard, Gustare Planche, and The ** Débats" was also enriched shortly after .-others, the ancient feuilleton has now expanded into the ** Roman feuilleton," in which all sorts of literary monstrosities are perpetrated.
• This is the mot of a fashionable countess.
the revolution of 1830, by the letters and articles seem to write so often ; but Alexandre Dumas of Michel Chevalier, an elève of the “Ecole Poly- often fills ten of the smaller columus with the protechnique," and former editor of the “ Globe." ductions of his inexhaustible pen. From two 200 Some of his earliest productions in the “ Débals" four columns are generally dedicated to leading were the Letters from America-letters remarka- articles. The price of the journal is seven francs ble in every respect, and well entitling this cele- a month, 20 francs for three months, 40 francs for brated economist and engineer to the renown he six months, and 80 francs for a year. The price has subsequently attained. On the early freaks in London is 31. 10s. the year, il. 15s. the halfof M. Chevalier as a St. Simonian, it is no part year, and 17s. 6d, the quarter. of our business to dwell. He has outlived those The “ Journal des Débats" is said now to have follies, and is now pursuing a useful and prosper- 9,000 or 10,000 abonnés; and 10,000 abonnés at ous career, not merely in the “ Débats," but as a 80 francs a year, we need hardly say, is equivalent professor in the university; and what is better to 20,000 at 40 francs, the price at which the still, in his profession.
“ Constitutionnel,” the Siècle," the “ Presse,” Another recruit obtained in 1830, was our ex- and other journals, are published. The political cellent friend, M. Phîlarete Chasles, one of the articles in ihe “ Débats" are superior in style and half-dozen men in France who are learned in an- reasoning to anything in the English periodical cient lore, and complete master of their native lan-press. They are not merely distinguished by firstguage. M. Chasles is one of the very few French- rate literary ability, but by the tone of well-bred and men well versed in Greek literature. He accom- polished society. For these articles Jarge sums panied Marshal Soult to England in 1837, and are paid in money; but they bear a value to the wrote the articles and letters on his visit which ap- writers far above any pecuniary recompense. An peared in the “ Débais" at that time. M. Chasles eminent writer in the “ Débats" is sure of promowas then also deputed, on the part of the govern- tion, either to a professorship, to the situation of ment, to ingoire into the scholastic and university maître de requêtes, or conseiller d'état, to a consystem of England; and from conversations we sulship, or, peradventure, to the post of minister had with him on the subject, we can take upon at some second or third-rate couri-a position atourselves to assert, that he had a more accurate tained by M. Bourquenay, a fourth or fifth-rate knowledge on those matters than falls to the lot writer in that paper at the period of the July revoof the great majority of Frenchmen. M. Chasles' | lution. It was the well-founded boast of the familiarity with ancient literature in no respect in- " Times,” little more than a twelvemonth ago, that disposes him to the modern ; and he is well read in it had made the son of one of its proprietors, and our English historians and poets.
its standing counsel, Mr. (now Baron) Platt, a We have now gone through with the greater judge; but the " Journal des Débats" may boast, number of regular writers in the “ Débats," and that it can give power as well as take it away. of these M. de Sacy, M. St. Marc Girardin, M. It has made and unmade ministers, ambassadors, Philarete Chasles, and others, still afford their prefects, councillors of state, and masters of revaluable aid. At the head of the establishment is quests, as well as poets, historians, orators, musi1. Armand Bertin, the son of one of the late pro- cians, dancers, modistes, perruquiers-nay, even prietors and the nephew of the other-a scholar, a to that ninth part of a man called a tailor, or to geatleman, and a man of large and liberal feelings. that eighteenth fractional part of a man, unknown The great boast of M. Armand Bertin is, that he in England, called a “ taillear de chemises." sa journalist, and nothing but a journalist ; and The “ Constitutionnel” was, about twenty or for renowned journalists of all countries M. Bertin twenty-five years ago, (i, e., from 1820 to 1825,) has a predilection. With one of the most cele- the most successful and flourishing, and certainly brated journalists that England ever produced, he one of the best conducted papers in France. It was on terms of the warmest friendship; and we had then a greater circulation than any paper in are ourselves in possession of his last gift to his Paris, as the following figures will prove :and our departed friend, the rarest edition of Lucan, according to Brunet, beautifully bound by
Débats, ......... 13,000 abonnés. Koehler, which bears this autograph, “ To my
Quotidienne, ....... 5,800 friend, Thomas Barnes. Armand Bertin.".
Journal de Paris, . .... 4,175 Bat the writers who afford a literary support to
Courrier Français, . ... 2,975 the "Débats," and whose names are not known, or
Journal de Commerce,.. 2,380 at least not avowed, are of as much, if not more,
Moniteur,......... consequence to the journal, than the regular con
2,250 trbators. There has been scarcely, for the last
Constitutionnel,. . . . . . 16,250 forty years, a minister of France or a councillor But the “Constitutionnel” had, from 1815, two or of state of any ability, who has not written in it; three staple articles to trade in, of which it made a and since the accession of Louis Philippe in 1830, great literary market. First, there were the its columns have been open to all the king's per: Voltairian principles and opinions, which it put $00al friends, both in the Chamber and in the forth daily ; 2ndly, there were denunciations of the House of Peers. In the Chamber of Deputies“ Parti Prêtre" and of the Jesuits, and the affair of alone there are eight or ten members attached to the Abbé Contrefatto ; and 3rdly, there was the the king personally, aid-de-camps and employés on retrograde march of the government, caused by the civil list, and such of these as are capable of the intrigues of the Pavilion Marsan, which prowielding a quill, place it at the service of the “ Dé- moted, and indeed justified, a vigorous opposition. bata." Among the feuilleton writers of this jour. The soul of this opposition was Charles William sal, are some of the most celebrated in Paris—as Etienne, who had shortly before, somewhere about Jales Janin, Alexandre Dumas, Theophile Gau- 1817 or 1818, acquired a single share in the paper, ter, &c. Since the size of the journal has been in- Etienne started in Paris as secretary to the Duke creased, the locubrations of Jules Janin appear of Bassano, and was named, in 1810, as we have more rarely, and Theophile Gautier, too, does not stated, one of the higher political writers of the
“Journal des Débats." From this position he was ment, of the attorney-general. In this he was removed after the Restoration, and throwing him-successful, as was proved by the arrêt, or decision self with heart and soul into the “ Minérve Fran- of the Cour Royale, and the triumph redounded to çaise," produced by his * Lettres sur Paris," a the credit of the advocate, while it greatly tended prompt and prodigious success.
to increase the circulation of the paper. From It was soon after these letters had been col- the period of the Revolution of 1830, however, the Jected in a volume, and had gone through several Constitutionnel" began to decline, and in 1843, editions, that Etienne became a shareholder in the three years ago, it had but 3500 abonnés. In "Constitutionnel." His lively and piquant articles, changing hands in 1844, the new proprietors refull of strength and spirit, soon contributed to raise duced the price of the journal one hall, i. e., from the paper. These efforts, so every way useful to 80 to 40 francs, while they raised the remunerathe liheral cause, had fixed public attention on tion for the feuilleton from 150 to 500 francs. In the most successful writer on that side of the ques- consequence of this judicious liberality, the most tion, and on a man who joined to this renown the popular writers of Paris contributed to its columns. additional merit of being the author of some of the From the 1st of April, 1845, Alexandre Dumas very best comedies in the French language ; such, bound himself to produce only eighteen volumes for instance, as the “ Deux Gendres," the “Intri- in the year-nine in the “ Presse," and nine in the guante," « Une Heure de Mariage," " Jeannot et “ Constitutionnel ;" and Eugene Sue has also lent Collin," &c. &c. The department of the Meuse his exclusive coöperation to the “ Constitutionnel" solerted him, therefore, in 1820, as one of its dep- for a period of fourteen years, for which he is to uties; and from that period to 1830, he continued receive an immense sum. “La Dame de Monseto figure as one of the firmest and steadiest defend-reau," by Dumas, and “Les Sept Pechés Capiers of the liberties secured by the charter. M. taux," by Eugene Sue, have both had an immense Etienne displayed at the tribune the spirit and taste success. The “ Constitutionnel" has agreed to with which his literary productions are imbued. give Eugene Sue 10,000 francs a volume, to take Some of his discourses produced a prodigious effect him from the “* Presse ;' and Dumas receives a sumn on the public mind, and his general political con- very nearly equal. There are half a dozen other duct procured for him the warm friendship and novels at this moment in publication in the columns esteem of Manuel, who frequently contributed to of this journal; among others, the Cabinet Noir," the “ Constitutionnel.” Within three years after by Charles Rabou ; and the subscribers are lo rethis period, Manuel rendered him a signal service, ceive (gratis) all that has appeared in what they in introducing to his notice a young and unknown call their “ Bibliotheque Choisie." writer, who within ten years was destined to be a In the political department, the “ Constitutionminister of France. This was none other than nel" has now first-rate assistance. De Remusat, Louis Adolphe Thiers, who had then just pub- ex-minister, Duvergier d'Hauranne, one of the lished, in conjunction with Felix Bodin, the two most enlightened deputies of the Chamber, and M. first volumes of his “ Histoire de la Révolution Thiers, often lend their able aid. The editor of Française." M. Etienne, with the sagacity of a the “ Constitutionnel" is M. Mertuau, an able popractised man of the world, saw from the first the litical writer, and a gentleman of the blandest and talent of his young contributor, and at once opened most winning manners. It was Merruau who reto him the columns of the Constitutionnel." The viewed the “ History of the Consulate and the Emarticles of Thiers bore the impress of that clearness pire," by Thiers, in the “Constitutionnel.” The and logical vigor, of that liveliness and lucidity of Constitutionnel" consists of twenty columns, of style, which constitute his greatest charm. For which fire are devoted to advertisements. The six years Thiers continued to write in the “ Con- price in Paris is 40 francs a year, and the number stitutionnel ;" and it was not until August, 1829, of abonnés is 24,000-a number equal to the when he founded the “ National," in conjunction " Presse," but falling far below that of the " Sièwith the late Armand Carrel, of which Thiers was cle," which is said to possess 42,000. rédacteur en chef, that he abandoned the small The " Courrier Français" is one of the oldest of room in the first floor of the Rue Montmartre, No. the Parisian papers, but it has undergone many 121, in which we have often sat in the last days of transformations of late. In 1827-28-29, it sup 1828, when Etienne conducted the paper, and inported the same cause as the * Constitutionnel, which very chamber our last visit was paid to M. with greater spirit, if not with equal talent. Merruau-at present, rédacteur en chef-in the When the “ Constitutionnel" had become rather month of April, 1846. During the period of indifferent or lukewarm towards those principles Thiers' collaboration, his friend and countryman, with which its fortunes originated, the "Courrier Mignet, occasionally wrote articles, distinguished | Français," though poor in respect to fortune, as oy neatness of style and correctness of view. Dur. compared with the ** Constitutionnel," was foreing the Villele administration, the " Constitution- most boldly to attack the ministers, and to defy nel" may be said to have attained its highest pros persecution, imprisonment, and pecuniary punishperity. It then numbered nearly 30,000 subscri- ment, whulst the *Constitutionnel," like these bers, and existed on the cry of " à bas les Jesu- individuals who have amassed immense wealth, ites !" The Constitutionnel" of those days had no acted a more prudent part, and was content to Roman feuilleton, and lived altogether on its reputa- appear as a safe auxiliary. The principal editor tion as a political paper. Many were the prosecu- at the period of which we speak, was Bentions which this journal had to undergo ; but the jamin Constant. His articles were remarkable most celebrated, perhaps, was that in which its arti- for a fine and delicate spirit of observation, for a cles were accused of " a tendency to bring the reli- finesse and irony which, in saying the bitterest gion of the state into contempt." It was on the oc- things, never transgressed the bonnds of good casion of this suit, that M. Dupin, the friend and breeding. The charm of his style, too, was most counsel of M. Etienne, shot himself up for a month attractive. Shortly before the Revolution of July in his study to read theology, in order to be enabled broke out, Constant had undergone a severe surgical to tear to tatters the acte d'accusation," or indict-operation, and had retired from Paris into the country ; Lafayette wrote to him in these words, and he endeavors to compass his ends by all and “ Il se joue ici un jeu terrible : nos têtes servent every means : to-day by flattering the aristocracy ; d'en jeu ; apportez la votre." Constant at once and to-morrow, by pandering to the lowest tastes came and had an interview with the monarch now of the lowest rabble. De Genoude pretends to on the throne, who made to him certain proposi- write under the inspiration of M. de Villêle, who tions, to which Constant replied, “ Je veux rester lives at Toulouse, altogether retired from public independant, et si votre gouvernement fait des fautes life, but it may be well doubted whether so able a je serai le premier à rallier l'opposition."'* The man would commit himself in any way with such faults of the new government hastened his death. a charlatan. It would be unjust not to admit that He expired within a few months, almost despair- there are occasionally (there were the contributions ing of the liberties of his country. Though the of Colnet, from 1836 to 1837) good articles in the “ Courrier Français" was, from 1825 10 1830, Gazette ; but, on the other hand, it must be supported by the eloquent pens of Constant, Ville-averred that it is generally an unreadable paper, main, Cauchois, Lemaire, and Mignet who was at unless to such as are strongly tinged with a Carlist one period its editor, yet it never, in these days, or priestly bias. The great writer and chief supnumbered above 5000 abonnés. There is no more port of the “ Gazette de France"-Colnet-died practical truth in literature than that no amount of of cholera, in May, 1832. The last time we spent good writing will raise the fortunes of a falling a day in his company, was in September, 1831. newspaper. To write up a failing literary enter- We had just returned from Russia, where the prise is a task for the pen of angels, and is almost cholera was raging furiously, and well remember heyond the power of mortal man. After the death his making many inquiries as to the progress of the of Constant there were many editors, among others, complaint, which had then reached Gerinany, and Leon Faucher, original editor of the “ Temps” – which he predicted would soon rage in France. a paper founded by an homme à projets, named Within four months afterwards, it had reached Jaques Coste, originally a cooper at Bordeaux, France, and within seven, poor Colnet was a victim and subsequently one of the editors of the “ Con- to it. Colnet was born a noble, being the son of a stitutionnel.” This gentleman, who is an able, garde-du-corps who distinguished himself at the pains-taking, and well informed man, and who has battle of Fontenoy. His first studies were made recently made himself more advantageously known at the Military College of Brie, then at the Military by a work called “ Etudes sur l'Angleterre," con- College of Paris, where Bonaparte and Bertrand tinned at the “ Courrier" till the end of 1842. were his fellow students and associates. Neither Under him it represented the Gauche, and he had his taste nor his feeble health allowing him to the merit of operating a fusion with the Centre enter the army, he studied medicine under Cabanis Gauche; but notwithstanding this fact, and the and Corvisart, but expelled from the capital, in occasional appearance of good articles, the fortunes 1793, as a noble, he passed more than two years in of the “ Courrier" did not improve. A change in solitude at Chauny, at the house of a poor apoththe distribution of parts was next tried. M. ecary. Returning to Paris in 1795, he established Adolphe Boule was named directeur of the jour- himself as a bookseller at the corner of the Rue du nal; M. E. de Reims sécrétaire du comité du Bac, opposite the Port Royale. He was so prosCentre Gauche, rédacteur en chef, with M. Eugene perous in this enterprise, that in 1805 he was Guinot as feuilletoniste, but this combination was enabled to establish a second shop in the Quai no more successful than all previous ones. Some- Malaquais. Here, in a little room which he called time at the latter end of November, or the begin- his caverne, he assembled around him some able ning of December, the “ Courrier" was sold, and writers, a majority of whom were hostile to the it is now conducted by M. Xavier Durrieu, by M. imperial government. These half dozen men de Limerac, and hy M. Du Coing, the defender of were deemed so formidable, that Fouché tried Rosas. The circulation is not more than 3000 every means to silence or bribe the chief. But or 4000.
Colnet was as inflexible as incorruptible. During The “ Gazette de France," as we stated at the fifteen years, i. e., from 1816 to 1831, he labored begioning of this article, is one of the oldest news- at the • Gazette de France," signing all his articles papers in France. Under Villêle and Peyronnet, with his naine ; and it may be truly said, that nine in 1827 and 1828, it was converted into an evening out of every ten readers only took up the journal paper, and substituted for the 6 Etoile." It was to read Colnet. His lively and learned attacks then the organ of the Jesuitical party, and ex- against the apocryphal memoirs in vogue about pressed in all its hideous nakedness the frenzy of twenty years ago, which he exposed with the hand the most fanatical ultraism. It had in 1827 no of a master, induced the Minister of the Interior, support whatever from private subscribers, but drew Count Corbière, to thank him in a friendly and all its resources from the treasury, where it had flattering letter. But we order these things differpoweiful and influential friends. The Bishop of ently in England. A man might now write with Hermopolis-Count Frassynous—at that period the eloquence of Burke, the wisdom of Plato and ininister of worship and of public instruction, was Socrates, and the wit of Sheridan, and neither the one of its most able and influential supporters ; M. Peels, nor the Gladstones, nor the Goulburns, nor de Genoude, then a married man, now an abhé and any of the mediocre fry whom we in our besotted a priest, was the theatrical critic, and M. Benabin, ignorance call statesmen, would take the least forinerly of the “ Etoile," his associate. Genoude notice of him. It was not always so. The minhaving since become a widower, entered holy ister Wyndham, within the memory of living men, orders, and is now a mundane abbé, so devoured by wrote to that racy writer of pure Saxon, Cobbett, ambition, that he looks to the cardinalate. Though thanking him for his aid, and saying that he dea regular priest, Genoude is a thorough Jesuit at served a statue of gold. By the means of translaheart, and we verily believe neither honest nor sin-tions and open plagiarisms from Colnet, a late cere as a priest or a politician. Like Henry of Right Hon. Secretary of the admiralty and great Exeter, his great object is personal advancement, Quarterly Reviewer, obtained the praise of being
We are indebted for these details concerning our a good French scholar and historian. The staple lamented friend to Monsieur J. P. Pagès.
Tof most of the articles on French literature and