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the privilege of the retail trade to all foreigners-1

NICHOLAS' WIFE IN ITALY. all my efforts to procure a recision of this order were ineffectual, and this is the one exception to

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Take heart, poor milliner girls! and, though which I have alluded. One of the members of the poorly paid, and sadly overworked, thank Heaven diplomatic corps, the French minister, had felt it you are not the empress of Russia. Though you his duty to write a note on the subject, which are fagged, you are not dehumanized by adulation Santa Anna regarded as very harsh in its terms you are not fiattered into insanity-you are not and spirit. After I had discussed the matter with made one fester of human pride by the abasement him for some time he said. "I know nothing and adoration of millions. The hearts in your about these questions of international law, I am

bosoms are not petrified by imperial blood; they only a soldier, and have spent my life in the camp

may yet bound with kindly impulses ; they may --but eminent Mexican lawyers tell me that we yet thrill with a sympathy that the wife

yet thrill with a sympathy ihat the wife of Nichá hare the right to enforce such an order, and if we

las-poor victim of state ! -can never know. Late have I know that it will be beneficial to Mexico.

accounts from Italy present a sad picture of the These foreigners come here and make fortunes and un

unfortunate woman. It appears that she is very go away: let them marry here, or become Mexi-sick-but not nearly so sick as arrogant. Could can citizens, and they may enjoy this and all other pride have killed her, she would have died Jong privileges." He added that if all the other minis-ago-every one of her nine lives been rendered iers had taken the same course that I had, that he up;. might have consented to rescind the order, but that. It seems that the King of Naples has beggared whilst he was the president he would' cut his himself for a year or two, to do the handsome throat (suiting the action to the word with great thing for

thing for his Russian guest; and she did little vehemence) before he would yield anything to in- i

in other than turn the poor man out of his own sult or menaces-alluding to the note of the

| house. French minister. He became very much excited,

“On the first day of her arrival, the empress and with his fine eye flashing fire, went on in a

sent her chamberlain to invite the King and Queen strain of real eloquence.-" What,” said he," has of, Naples to dine

hoe of Naples to dine with her in his own dining-room, Mexico gained by her revolution, if she is thus to

) which meant-to-morrow I shall dine alone.' be dictated to by every despot in Europe ; before,

The poor King of Naples understood it immewe had but one master-but if this is permitied we

diately, and was in great trouble to know where shall have twenty. We cannot fight on the water;

| he should dine with his family, or receive his but let them land, and I will drive them to their

court.” boats a little faster than I did in 1839''-and then

And these are the folks who-according to the casting his eye to his mutilated leg, with that tiger

icor tribe of Jenkins--are the patent manner-mongers expression which Mrs. Calderon noticed-he said, "

he si for the rest of mankind! " they have taken one of my legs, they shall have At Florence, she refused to take the arm of her the other, and every limb of my body before I will host, the Grand Duke, and took that of the Russubmit to their bullying and menaces. Let them

sian Admiral. It is said that in one of her letters come, let them come as soon as they like, they

10 the emperor, she wrote will find a Thermopylæ.

" Since our marriage I have never asked you a " These were his very words. If he did not feel |

favor, but now I have a request to make, which I what he said, I have never seen the hero and I hope yo

and hope you will not refuse, since it is of consequence patriot better acted. Again I thought of General to my

General to iny health, and probably my life may depend Jackson. The reader may be assured that what

upon it-make me a present of Sicily ;''ever may be the faults of Santa Anna, he has

- with Etna to boil the royal tea-kettle! What a many points which mark him “as not in the roll pity mat

I pity that the emperor could not, by a ukase, give of common men."

her the man in the moon as a little flunkey! Still, When I first visited him at Encerro, he was we have some compassion for the empress. She examining his chicken cocks, having a large

A laroel is the wife of Nicholas, and that may account for wager then depending-he went round the coops mi

| much. Nevertheless, milliners, Punch says, again and examined every fowl, and gave directions as

and again-thank Heaven you are not the Empress to his feed ; some to have a little more, others to

of Russia. Surely, it is better to feel want and be stiated. There was one of very great beauty. oppression, than to be educated out of the feeling of the color of the partridge, only with the

of all human synı pathy.-Punch. feathers tipped with black, instead of yellow or white ; and the male in all respects like the Chinese BENEVOLENCE TO A British CHARITY. female, except in size. , He asked me if we had --The governors and friends of the Seamen's : any such in this country, and when I told him that Floating Hospital will be highly gratified to learn we had not, he said that if that one gained his that the universal principle which governs that the fight he would send him to me he was the only charity (the relief of sick seamen of all nations) one of fifteen which did not lose his fight; and has not escaped the observation of that enlightened. shortly after my return, when I visited New York, and distinguished personage, Keying, the High I found the fowl there. I had thought no more Commissioner to his imperial majesty the Emperor · about it, and had no idea that he would.

of China, who has requested Rear Admiral, Sir: After examining his chicken cocks we returned Thomas Cochrane, commander-in-chief there, to to the house, and then he was all the president-record his name as a donor of $900 (about: and to have listened to the eloqnent conversa- £190) in aid of this benevolent object. Well: tion which I have sketched, one would not have might Sir Henry Pottinger eulogize the high char-. supposed that he had ever witnessed a cock-fight. acier of this eminent Chinaman, since he has shown,

The taste for this amusement, which amongst by this uninvited display of beneficence, that he can: us is regarded as barbarous and vulgar, is in feel for the possible necessities of his countrynien Mexico by no means peculiar to Santa Anna. It in a far distant land, and can so munificently mark: is universal, and stands scarcely second to the his gratitude to foreigners for the care taken.ofi bull-fight.

I them.-Times

From the Canada Temperance Advocate. speculating about untried enjoyments, let us imSTUDIES ON THE SEA-SHORE.

prove those which the present time presents. The

storm of yesterday has been at work for our gratiTHERE are few young people who have been fication; the beach is strewed with the treasures brought up in an inland district, to whom their first of the deep: marine plants have been torn up and visit to the ocean does not form a remarkable era drifted along the shore; shells and marine animals in their juvenile life. The scene is so perfectly have been scooped from their caves and hiding new, everything is so strange, the shores abound places; and all are now exposed to view, and with so many glittering pleasures, while the pros await our inspection. You see those piles of seapect of the vast expanse does at the same time in-wreck ?-that is the vegetation of the deep ; and spire a kind of solemn awe, that the youthful mind though differing greatly in form and appearance is filled and impressed with recollections that never from land plants, yet they are not without their afterwards fade. A long-promised visit to the sea- importance, nor are they without their admirers." coast was at last accomplished, and a beautiful! "Do trees, then, grow in the sea ?" inquired autumn evening found us for the second time Mary. wandering on the smooth white sands of the shore. “Not exactly trees," I replied, “ but a kind of The receding tide had left dry the far-sloping simple plants called fuci, having stems and broad beach ; the sea was still and placid, with now and leaves of a soft leathery structure, nearly resemthen a slight ripple glittering in the sun : a few bling the lichens which I have shown you on our boats and distant ships glided with their white rocks, and bearing seeds of a very simple kind like sails on the deep, nearly as like things of life as them. You see they are of all sizes, from this the agile sea-birds that dipped and sported in the small delicate tufted plant to those large-leaved shallow water. The hearts of the young people tangles of many feet in length. Indeed many bounded with an exquisite and new joy ; and after parts of the ocean, to the depth of several honskipping about for some time in many circles over dred feet, are clothed with a vegetation as luxuthe sands, they returned to me to give words to riant as that on land, the tangled stems and leaves their novel delight.

of which form the abiding places of myriads of “How lovely is everything to-night !” said fishes and marine animals of various kinds. We Elizabeth. “I have now got familiar with the shall now pause at this spot, and examine a few great ocean. I confess my mind yesterday was of the plants. That long cord-like specimen which filled with a strange dread; those noisy and foam- Henry draws out to the length of ten or twelve ing breakers seemed so angry like; the waves feet, is very common in the northern seas ; in Orkcame one after the other, rolling up to us like so ney it is called sea-catgut, with us sea-lace. It many coiling serpents; and my heart shuddered as grows in large patches, just like long grass in a I looked far, far onward, and saw nothing but one meadow, attaining a length of from 20 to 30 feet. dim expanse of green water ; but now the waves, This other plant, with the tall round stem, termiinstead of menacing us, have retired far out. All nated by a broad and long leaf, is a very common is lulled and quiet, and such a beautiful beach is one, called the laminaria, or sea tangle, of which left us, that I never shall tire wandering over it, there are several species, those of warm seas and exploring its curious productions."

growing to the height of 25 feet, with a stem as “We have been fortunate, my dears, in this our thick as that of a small-sized tree. The gigantic first and short visit, to witness the ocean in its two fucus of South America attains a height much extreme phases. Yesterday was indeed a storm; greater than this, but with a diameter of stem not less, however, in its violence in this locality than more than an inch. Captain Cook describes these it must have been seaward; for the swelling waves fuci as attaining the astonishing length of 360 feet. and high surf extending in that vast circular line They flourish in iromense groves throughout the which you witnessed with such astonishment, indi- Southern Ocean, and are all alive with innumerable cated that a high wind at a distance had raised the animals, that take shelter among and derive their commotion."

sustenance from them." “I had many strange dreams last night," said " The sea, then," said Henry, “ can boast of Henry, " about vessels foundering, and the cries taller vegetables than the land ; for, if I recollect of sailors clinging to the broken masts, or dashed rightly, the tallest palms do not exceed 150 feet, among the rocks, and dying without any to help and the araucaria of New Holland is not abore them. Nor shall I forget the appearance of last 60 feet more." night's sun, as it set redly amid dark purple-1 “You are quite correct, Henry; and I may looking clouds, which came in huge masses career- mention another sea-plant, which is said to reach ing with the wind, while the frothy spray dashed 500 to 1500 feet in length. It is a slender weed, op among the hollow rocks. Beautiful as the called macrocystes ; "the leaves are long and narscene before us now is, I almost regret that it row, and at the base of each is placed a vesicle, is so changed. I hope we shall have another which is filled with air, and which serves to buoy storm before we go; for I delight to watch the up and float the plant near the surface of the 'turmoil of the waters, the screaming of the water, otherwise, from its weight, it would sink to Bea-birds, and the roar of the surf against the the bottom." rocks. What, after all, is our lake, and hills, and "And what is the use of all these plants !" jagreen fields at home, compared to this magnificent quired Elizabeth. scene! I long to launch upon those waters, and “Like land vegetation, they fulfil the important explore them to their uttermost boundaries." office of affording food and shelter for the myriads

* So Henry is become a sailor at once," cries of animals with which the sea, like the land, is Mary ; “but he shall never speak ill of our loved peopled. They are also not without their uses to home; and instead of sailing over the seas, let us man. These heaps of drifted weed form the best of go and collect beautiful shells and pebbles to carry manures for the soil. In some countries sea-weed home with us."

is collected and burnt, and the ash, which is called “ Mary is right," we exclaimed; " instead of kelp, produces soda. Several kinds are also capa.

ble of being boiled down into a sort of glue; and His chariot wheel stands midway on the wave. here is the little rock-weed, which is erroneously Shake one, and it awakens—then apply termed Irish moss, but which is, in fact, a sea- Its polished lips to your attentive ear, plant (chondrus crispus.) This plant, when well And it remembers its august abodes, washed, so as to free it of its salt, and then slowly And murmurs as the ocean murmurs there." boiled in water, forms a light and nutritious jelly, of which, I think, you have often partaken when.

“Sure enough it murmurs,” cries Mary ;“ but if made up with milk and sugar.”

we carry it away with us, will it still preserve this " But look here,” said I, pointing to a small mysterious union with the ocean?” object lying under the heap of wreck which we

" It will still continue to sound when applied to had just been examining ; " what do you take that your

your ear wherever you carry it; but so will any to be?” They all pronounced it to be a small

all other hollow thing-a tin box, a cup, an empty marine plant just like many of the others strewed

od tumbler, or any such-and yet I am sorry thus to round. "" Now, scrutinize it particularly," said I. dissipate with plain matter of fact the beautiful Henry took it up with his hand, and laid it on a piece of paper prepared to receive some other

“What is the real matter of fact, then?" inquired plants. To their surprise the object made several

Henry. movements; it again moved, and again was still ;

" It is simply that the concave sides of the shell they watched it with some eagerness, and not res

de mot reverberate the current of warm air which is without some dread. At last I picked off two or

always passing off and upwards from the surface three of the branches of the apparent plant; a claw

laws of our bodies, its place being as constantly taken by of an animal now was visible : I continued to pick a fresh supply from the surrounding atmosphere. off more; a head of a crab-like creature was dis

The hollow murmuring is the slight sound propaved ; and finally, clearing off the whole, a small duced by the air-current striking against the sides but complete and living creature of the crustaceous ou

ons of the shell, and being echoed, as it were, from family was exhibited to their wondering gaze. A every point, and returned again to the ear.” flood of questions now assailed me. « This little

"I am almost vexed you have explained this to crab (macropodia phalangium) is an inhabitant of

inhabitant of me," said Mary, “ for ai home I have often pleased our sea-shores, and is remarkable for its instinctive myself with the thoughts that the shell roared or propensity of adopting the disguise of a vegetable. murmu

vegetable murmured when the tides of its parent ocean It, in short, lives a continued life of masquerade. I flowed in, and that it was silent until the time of For this purpose it selects the branches of a small the flowing tide returned. So bewitching is fancy ! fucus just about its own size, and sticks them so art

And yet, after all, I believe I shall be more satisfully over its limbs and body, that the whole is fied with truth. I shall carry this shell home with masked, so as to represent exactly the plant which it me, however; and when I wish to recall the dashhas selected. Whether the pieces of plant adhere by ing of the sea-waves and the roar of the surf along their own glutinous juices, or whether the animal the sands, and up among the rocks, I will have spreads over its body a juice peculiar to itself. I only to apply this talisman to my ear. In this cannot tell. but certain it is the animal is found respect it will be to me still the shell of the poet." always thus dressed: and it would appear tol. As we continued our walk, several little tracks change its coat whenever it becomes old. for the in the sand attracted our attention. Henry deterleaves are always fresh and unshrivelled. The mined to follow up one of them, in order to ascer. reason of this disguise is evidently concealment

pulu concealmentetain their cause : he continued to trace one for

tal either to conceal itself from its own foes, or to mo

or to more than ten yards, and at last stopped almost enable it the better to pursue its prey, or, perhaps, at

ane at the brink of the water. We hastened to the for both these purposes. At all events, the instinct spot, and perceived that the trail was made by the is a very singular one. There is another crus- common cockle. It was curious to mark the creatacean, and a better known one than the other ture pushing out its single foot from between its the hermit crab. This fellow likes a good comfort- two-valved shell, and pressing it against the soft able house, but he will not build one for himself. I sand, thus pushing itself onward step by step. so he looks about for the first empty shell that will

all that will It had thus travelled at least ten to fifteen yards fit him, and in he walks back foremnost. You see

see in the few hours since it had been left on the beach how he looks out at his door, and now he scampers

at high water, and now it seemed to be returning off with his house upon his back. To convince

to the sea to feed. A little onwards we came to vou that the creature takes up its abode in a chance two other well-known edible shell animals the shell, here are several more of them, and all the oyster and mussel. Unlike the cockle, both these shells you see are of different forms. As the were stationary animals. They were securely young animal increases in bulk, it leaves its first, anchored to stones, and we spent some time in ex

shell and takes to a larger You see this amining the fine silken fibres (the byssus) which well exemplified in the various sizes of the ani

proceeded from their bodies, and were fixed by the mals before us."

other end to the rocks, thus forming a secure cable.

The frequent lash of the returning tide, and the waved buccinum, and had applied it to her ear, tapi

par rapidly descending sun, now warned us that it was listening to the hollow sound which it thus emit

time to return home. ted. She had been prompted to this from having.

We did so reluctantly, and paused for a moment practised the same thing with shells at home, and to

to take a look at the descending luminary. How I now asked Henry if he recollected Landor's different was the sunset from last evening. The verses in allusion to this circumstance. He prompt-) sky was one sea of soft mellow light, curtained ly called to mind those shells

above by stripes of filmy clouds of the brightest

hues. The sun was just dipping its orb into the « Of pearly hue

deep, and sent a long line of flickering rays 'Within, for they that lustre have imbibed

athwart the glassy mirror, even reaching to our In the sun's palace porch, where, when unyoked, feet. Sea-birds were speeding along on swift wing to the shore; one or two little boats were seen / will keep chewing at a bone a whole day, to the gliding homewards ; but the distant ships steadily utter neglect of her grass, and to the no small disheld on their way, now almost lost in the misty may of the dairy-maid in the evening, when the distance-night and day pursuing their course over cow returns without a drop of milk?" the vast deep. As we ascended the sloping beach, “I have observed it frequently," cried Heory, we were recalled from our visions of the sea by " and I have been taught to creep close to said cowg objects reminding us of the land. The cattle from when so employed, and throw into their mouth a the neighboring fields had wandered down to the handful of sand and small pebbles ; this, by mixing beach, and their dark massive forms were seen with their favorite morsel, spoils the whole, and between us and the sky, as they straggled along they then reluctantly throw the mouthful out, and the shore. “I think these cattle are actually feed- take to their grass." ing on the sea-weed," cried Henry ; “ I am sure I Darker and darker now grew the evening shadsee one cow busily chewing a piece of sea-tangle." ows as we slowly took our way landwards. The

"That is the very object," I replied, " which has waving sand-hills at last shut out our view of the made them wander here. Why should not cows ocean, and its hollow murmurs only reached our and oxen love the sea-side as well as we? Allears. We bade it a last adieu, after having spent graminivorous animals are exceedingly fond of two delightful days admiring its wonders, and have salt, and of every substanco which contains it. ing brought away with us numerous trophies, to Hence they chew with avidity the sea-weed and remind us of our studies on the sea-shore. lick the salt incrusted on the rocks. Nay, they will also feed with avidity on fish. " At the western extremity of the island of Lis

VERSES, more, on the Argyleshire coast,' says Dr. Mac-SUPPOSED TO BE WRITTEN BY WILLIAM SMITH culoch, are some rocks separated at low water, O'BRIEN, DURING HIS SOLITARY ABODE IN THE where the catile may be daily observed resorting,

CELLAR OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. quitting the fertile pastures to feed on the sea

I am monarch of all I survey; weed. It has erroneously been supposed that this practice, as well as the eating of fish, was the re

My right there is none to dispute; sult of hunger. It appears, on the contrary, to be

From the breakfast-time round to the tay, the effects of choice, in cattle as well as in sheep,

I see neither Saxon nor brute. that have once found access to this diet. The ac

O Solitude ! where's the atihractions, curacy with which they attend to the diurnal vari

That sages have seen in your face? ations of the tide is very remarkable, calculating

Better dwell in the midst of the Saxons, the times of the ebb with such nicety, that they

Than reign in this horrible place. are seldom mistaken even when they have some I am out of humanity's reach, miles to walk to the beach. In the same way, I must finish the Session alone, they always secure their retreat from these chosen Ne'er cry " hear!” to an illigant speech, spots in such a manner as never to be surprised Sure I start at the sound of my own. and drowned by the returning tide. With respect Them beasts, the attindants and waithers, to fish, it is equally certain that they often prefer My form with indifference see ; it to their best pastures. It is not less remarkable They are so unaccustomed to Marthyrs, that the horses of Shetland eat dried fish from Their coolness is shocking to me. choice, and that the dogs brought up on these shores continue to prefer it to all other diet, even

Society-blarney-abuseafter a long absence.'

Gifts dear to the boys of my name! * Herodotus mentions that the inhabitants in the

O if I had the wings of a goose, vicinity of the lake Prasias were in the practice of

It 's soon I'd be out of this same. feeding their horses and cattle on fish. The Ice

I then might enliven my gloom landers and Faroese do the same, both with fish

In the ways of repalers and men, and dried whales' flesh, which they generally serve)

Might learn from the wisdom of Hume, up as a soup, with a small quantity of fodder. In

And be cheer'd by the sallies of Ben. the northern parts of the state of Michigan,' says Ye Mimbers, that make me your sport, Captain Marryat in his diary in America, 'hay! O convey to this desolate door is very scarce, and in winter the inhabitants are

A Times, with a faithful report obliged to feed their cattle on fish. You will see,' Of the house I shall visit no more. says he the horses and cows dispute for the of My frinds, sure they now and then sind fal; and our landlord told me that he has often A joke or a laugh after me? witnessed a particular horse wait very quietly

O tell me I yet have a frind, while they were landing the fish from the canoes, Though Bentinck I'm never to see. watch his opportunity, dart in, steal one, and run away with it in his mouth.'”

The attindant is gone to his rest, • This surprises me," said Elizabeth, “ I thought

The Saxon lies down in his lair,animals, if left to their own choice, would always

While I think of the Isle of the West, confine their taste to the particular kind of food) And turn up my bed • in despair. to which they were destined by their structure." But whisky is still to be had; “As a general rule this holds true ; few carniv

And the whisky-encouraging thought ! oroas animals, I believe, would be disposed to ex

As it is not by any means bad, change their beef for greens ; but then, again, those

Half reconciles me to my lot. who live on greens seem to have a hankering now

Punch. and then after a piece of beef. I dare say you may The Martyr is accommodated with a very neat have observed at home how pertinaciously a cow " folding bed."

From the British Quarterly Review. history of journals or gazettes, the “ Nouvelles de (L.) Le Moniteur.-(2.) Le Messager.-(3.) Le la République des Lettres” should not be forgotten.

Journal des Débats. (4.) Le Constitutionnel. This work was originally undertaken by Bayle, Le (5.) Le Siècle. (6.) La Presse. (7.) Le Na- Clerc, Basnage, and some other illustrious savans, tional. (8.) La Gazette de France. ---(9.) La and under their management continued to give that Quotidienne.-(10.) Le Globe.-(11.) Le Cor-, which is oftener sought than found in our own day saire Satan.-(12.) Le Charivari. - (13.) L'Es-1-a just and impartial account of the works reyrit Public.-(14.) La Réforme.-(15.) 'La -viewed. Among the political and literary gazettes mocratie Pacifique. Paris, 1845, 1846.

of a somewhat later epoch, “La Clef du Cabinet (16.) Histoire Edi fiante du Journal des Débats. I des Princes,” commenced at Luxemburgh, in Paris : Baudry.

July, 1704, by Claude Jordan, and continued un(17.) Venalité des Journaur, Révélations accom-der the title of “ Journal de Verdun," because it

pagnées de Preuves. Par CONSTANT Hilber. appeared in that town, had the greatest success. Ouvrier, Tailleur. Paris, chez tous les Librai- Towards the end of the republic, the celebrated res. Septembre, 1845.

bookseller, Panckoucke, borrowed this title for a (18.) L'Ecole des Journalistes, Comédie en 5 well conducted journal, “La Clef du Cabinet des

Actes. Par MDE. Emile de GIRARDIN ; suivie Souverains," a daily paper, to which Garat and d'une Lettre de M. JULES JANIN ; et d'une -Roussel contributed excellent articles. ponse de M. GRANIER DE CASSAGNAC. Troisième The name of the “Moniteur," so often cited, Edition, Paris, 1840.

not merely in France, but in every civilized coun

try in the world, was borrowed froin the English It were a curious and instructive study to trace journal of that name which appeared in 1759. the progress of the Newspaper Press of France, France, whose object it always seems to have from the earliest times down to our own day ;-to been, “ to tread upon the kibes of England," posrecord the history of the ancient Gazetier and the sessed in the following year (1760) a Moniteur of modern Journalist ;-of the old Gazette of times her own-a periodical journal, containing moral long gone by, as well as of the modern Journal. and political articles. The gravers and the printIn the French of the 17th century, the Gazetier ers' art did not alone suffice for our restless and signified the Editor of a periodical publication, as volatile neighbors. There were not wanting spec. well as the Publisher ; but the word is not now ulators, scandalous and shameless enough to send ased in this latter sense, and generally bears an ill | under an envelope to their abonnés, a manuscript signification.

bulletin of all the titlle-tattle trivialness, gossip, Though any frivolous inquiry into the origin of scandal, rouéries, and lies of Paris. These letters, words, in the present age of facts and realities, be called “ Nouvelles à la Main," were invented by for the most part idle, yet it may be permitted to a discreditable demirep, one Mde. Doublet, who us to state, that the word Gazetier is derived from kept a regular scandal-shop, where persons of Gazette, a denomination which the earliest journal both sexes resorted, and where characters were received from the piece of Venetian coin, “ Ga- blackened, and reputations destroyed, for any conutta,” which the reader paid for each number in sideration that malevulence might offer or infamy the Piazza de St. Marco, in the seventeenth cen- | accept. tury. The first regular Journal which modern Some small rivulet of truth occasionally meantimes has known, however, appeared in England dered through this vast meadow of médisance ; in 1588. It bore the title of the “ English Mer- but fiction, not fact, was the dame's staple article. cary," and probably suggested to the French It is certain that this clandestine publication gave nation the idea of the “Mercure Français, ou some concern to the government; for, on the 6th Suite de l'Histoire de la Paix." This publication of October, 1753, the Marquess d'Argenson wrote commenced in 1605, the Septennaire of D. to the lieutenant of police of Berryer, that the Cayer, and extended to the year 1644, forming "nouvelles" could not fail to produce an ill effect, altogether a collection of 25 vols. The curious seeing that Mde. Doublet kept a regular registry compilation was, till 1635, edited by John Richer, of scandal, which was not only spread through and continued by Theophile Renaudot.

Paris, but dispersed all over the provinces. The The " Mercure Galant," which gave birth to minister went on to state, that though such conthe ** Mercure de France," and to the “Mercure dact was displeasing to the king, yet his majesty Français" of 1792, commenced in February, 1672, had requested, before severer means were resorted ander the editorship of Visé, and subsequently to, that his minister should see Mde. Doublet, with counted among its contributors and editors some of a view of representing to her that the abuse and the first names in French history. Another “Mer- the scandal should cease, and that she should no CUTT," pot merely gallant, but historical and polit- longer permit those who encouraged such infamies inal, appeared in 1686, under the editorship of to frequent her house. Notwithstanding these Sandras de Courtiltz; and to this periodical the threats, the injunctions of the police were not, it creat Bayle did not disdain to contribute. It sur-appears, obeyed; for, in 1762, the Duke de ChojSired to a good old age, and died in its 76th year, seul, then minister of Louis XV., complained ja 1792. The publication of the “Public Intelli- again to Berryer, and at the conclusion of his letgescer" in England, in 1661, which met with a ter of the 24th of March thus expressed himself: Nueces signal and decisive, soon found copyists in " His majesty has directed me to order you to reFrance. Loret, in imitating it, composed his pair to Mde. Doublet, and to announce to her that, pitiable " Gazette Burlesque," or " Muse His- if any more nouvelles' are issued from her house, Lorique," which was followed by the “ Journal the king will cause her to be immured within the des Savans," beginning in 1665, and continued walls of a convent, from whence she can no without interruption down to 1792.

longer send forth ' nouvelles,' not merely impertiRecommenced in 1797 by Sallo, who took the nent and improper, but contrary to the rules of pseudonyme of Hédou ville," it attained its great-his majesty's service." Mde. Doublet persevered, et renown about 1816. In any sketch of the nevertheless, in her course. The police now

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