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at a cost of more than £5,000, without reference without convincing the majority of well-informed to the cost of prosecutions and other incidental ex- and intelligent officers. The great task in the penses. It was grievous to see also that the accomplishment of the reform now is, to devise greater portion of the parties convicted of smug- needful substitutes for that bad coercion-means gling tobacco were British sailors."

to a better composition of the army, and an imNearly twenty-two million pounds were fraudu proved system of rewards and correctives. Time lently introduced every year ; in London alone should not be lost from the consideration of that there are not fewer than a hundred and thirty auxiliary to simple abolition.-Spectator. thousand shops in which tobacco is sold. The motive for contraband operates to occasion adulter- POLAND.—Some slight progress has been made ation in a like degree. Dr. Bowring expatiated on towards a clearer view of the Polish question. the immorality, crime, and misery, as a consider- | The present ministers are evidently in advance of ation more important, even for the government, their predecessors on that ground. Lord Beacthan any tobacco income. He adverted also to the mont has proved a total infraction of the treaty of heavy cost of the coast-guard, amounting to Vienna, which declared that Cracow should be an

£600,000 or £700,000 per annum, much of independent city, and should " on no pretext whatwhich might be saved if the duty were lowered ever be entered by foreign troops. The Duke of and the inducement to smuggle thereby dimin- Wellington admits the infraction, but maintains ished. It seems probable that the duty will be the sufficiency of the pretext. Lord Lansdowne considerably lowered, on clear calculations of fiscal) plainly entertains doubts whether the conduct of gain.

Austria and Russia has not been as base as rumor

asserts in fomenting rebellion as a pretext for inSUGAR-SLAVE-TRADE.-The lords have lost no

tervention. Acknowledging the doctrine of non

intervention, it cannot be denied that we have time on the sugar-duties bill, though they have not

“the right” to interpose for the maintenance of neglected to discuss it. Indeed, it met with an

the treaty. Perhaps in the present case all prac unusual discussion-one on the first reading, meant to be a substitute for the usual debate on the

tical good would be attained by a declaration of second reading. The object of that arrangement

opinion on the part of the English government :

ministers evidently have an opinion to declare ; and seems to have been to accommodate certain peers bound for the moors. It came out that the Bishop

it would be most beneficial if uttered without beat of Oxford had not been consulted in the arrange

or rancor, without reserve or qualification, with ment; but there was a marked desire not to pre

calmness but with unmistakeable distinctness. vent a Wilberforce from speaking his mind on such

REPEAL.-There seems to be a lall in the re an occasion ; and so there was a second discussion, on the second reading. The opponents of the bill

91;peal agitation : Young Ireland is vanquished, and came out strongly on the anti-slavery ground. lite

is magnanimously sulky; Old Ireland reposes on Lord Brougham made an effective speech; Lord M

its victory, in a good humor with all the world. Mr. O'Connell reciprocates compliments with the

OC Stanley showed to advantage on the same point ;

the same point : Times, and finds excellent sense in the suggestion but both, as well as Lord Chief Justice Denman,] made unexpected admissions that the West Indians

of that journal that he should aid the wbig minishad been hardly treated. Bishop Wilberforce's

ters to carry measures for the practical benefit of

his country. Surely it is a millennium; the speech constituted the bulk of the second discussion : it was forcible and close, putting the

Daniel lying down with the Times. Furthermore, anti-slavery arguments at once in the soberest and

“my dear Ray," has been formally deputed by the

Repeal Association to communicate some informaclearest light. The bishop will be a powerful de-lain bater in the upper house. The present measure,

tion, “ of course in his private capacity," to the however, has drifted beyond the bound of his

I government at Dublin Castle ; and his communica

tion has met with a degree of attention which Mr. hereditary estate in the question ; and the strength of the anti-slavery position is made by the chief

Ray" in his private capacity" could scarcely ex

pect. These coquettings between the official and weakness of the scheme. The way to turn that!

the repeal governments suggest one measure position would be, for ministers themselves to

which would vastly help to smooth away difficulabandon the anti-slavery ground altogether. Atli

ties. When the whigs were before in power, present they are trying to reconcile incompatibili

under Earl Grey's premiership, they committed a ties : they had better get out of the dilemma by

great blunder in not providing for Mr. O'Connell. withdrawing their cruisers, and absolutely relin

Perhaps it is not yet too late to realize some of the quishing the coercive system of prevention.

advantages of such a step. It should be done Spectator.

when his circumstances are not at the lowest-and FLOGGING.–The Duke of Wellington has made the rent is at this moment reviving again. Morea speech, short and unpretending as his orations over, his conscience should be eased, and his good always are, which is an event : he avows the hope name with the Irish shielded from reproach, by that he may live to see flogging in the army some official earnest of the wish to do Ireland subabolished. He relinquishes the notion that the stantial service in the way of material improvepractice is absolutely necessary, its abolition merely ments. « Testimonials" and such acknowledge impossible ; and adopts the opinion that the abo-ments of past services are in vogne just now; lition is inevitable. This indicates a vast progress O'Conuell's real services eminently belong to the since the duke maintained the very opposite past. If it is thought that he has outlived the opinions before the commission on military punish- occasion when the full benefit might have been felt ments in 1836. It will have immense effect on by himself, let it be put in such a shape as to what may be called public opinion in the army ; a benefit his children. That might be done withmost important consideration, since it would be out implicating anybody in objectionable reversion very much more difficult to abolish the practice ) ary gifts. - Spectator.

The Pope. It is difficult to keep pace with the EUREKA.-A new monthly magazine, under the progress of the new policy in Rome. Pius the title of “ Eureka; or the Journal of the National Ninth is said to have declared that he takes for his Association of Inventors," has been commenced by guide the New Testament; and thus far his policy W. H. Star, New York, Messrs. Kingsley and seems to be animated by the highest spirit of that Pierson, acting editors. The first number gives volume. He has not only released all political promise of great usefulness and interest to all conprisoners and pardoned refugees, but he has fur-nected with the mechanic arts, or who take any innished the latter with public money to return home, terest in them. Price $1 a year. and has received the more able and earnest of the pardoned revolutionists into favor-examining their

VARIETY. claims and suggestions, applauding some, and even putting his approval in the substantial form of a The drawings, sketches and other effects of the medal. With all this, there is a moderation, an late Mr. Haydon, were exposed to public sale this absence of ostentatious display in the thorough week. Little anxiety was exhibited to acquire overturning of all past policy, that helps to remove memorials of the deceased artist. The prices obdoubts as to the reality of the pontiff's liberal in- tained for a few articles of historic interest may be tentions. The extreme popularity that he has mentioned. An octagon color-stone and two mulattained, on the instant, appears to have provoked lers, belonging to James Barry, R.A., afterwards in no serious counteraction among the conservative the possession of Hoppner, and bought by Mr. party in Rome, which might have been presumed Haydon for 35l. sold for ll. 13s. The coat worn to be at once bigoted and powerful. There is a by Earl Grey at the reform banquet, and presented strong sense not only of the pontiff's honesty and to the deceased at his request, was “ put up;” but benevolence but also of his ability and courage. It only 7s. being offered for it, the auctioneer withseems that if any party entertains a secret wish drew it. A small drawing of Haydon Asleep, by to resist him, none dares do so. Unflinching Wilkie, sold for 17s. A portrait of Mr. Hume, courage is an essential quality in all great states- M. P., which the auctioneer said was a good likemanship.-Spectator.

ness, but which the honorable member had repudi

ated, sold for 11. Portrait of the Duke of RichMEHEMET ALI AT CONSTANTINOPLE.-The Pa- mond, in chalk, tos. ,

mond, in chalk, 10s. During the sale, a note from sha of Egypt arrived at Constantinople on the 19th

some person was handed in, forbidding the auctionof July, and has been received with the highest

eer to sell the picture of “ Alfred and the first distinction. A letter from Constantinople says :

British Jury:" but no attention was paid to the "Mehemet Ali Pasha arrived here at noon on

warning; the painting was put up, and knocked the 19th July, in the Sultan's steam-yacht Esseri

down at 2001. It is supposed that the auctioneer Djedid, sent to Alexandria expressly to bring him was commissioned to buy the picture at that sum up. Without deviating from the etiquette of the

for Sir Robert Peel. Porte as regards the distinction kept up between The Augsburg Gazette confirms the statement the sovereign and his most favored subjects, the of the Rhenish Observer, that a great company has highest possible honors have marked the reception been formed which will undertake to convey travof the Viceroy of Egypt. He was scarcely arriv- ellers in all directions, and to spare them thế trouble ed in the Konack assigned for his residence when of paying the expenses of the journey en route, by he was called to the imperial palace. The sultan giving them coupons on their departure, which received him standing in the middle of his grand will be received in payment throughout the journey hall of audience, and, taking him by the hand, by the hotels with which the company has mado conducted him to an arm-chair placed purposely

arrangements. This company is to have its seat ii. for him near the seat of his highness, after which London. It has already made all its arrangements they had a conference, which lasted for about an on the route from Ostend to Alexandria ; and hopes hour. On his return home the viceroy was visited to despatch, a short time hence, a caravan of three by all the high Ottoman ministers, except the hundred travellers, who will proceed from Ostend grand vizier, who, in virtue of his official rank, to Cologne by the railroads, and will ascend the must first receive at the Sublime Porte Mehemet Rhine for Trieste, and thence sail for Alexandria. Ali's own visit."

Java AMUSEMENTS.—The hog and goat fight was Riza Pasha, the celebrated liberal politician of vastly amusing. A wild hog and beautiful goat the Porte, has again been restored to office, and were turned into a small arena, a stool being nominated minister of commerce. As his appoint- allowed the goat to leap on occasionally. At first ment was simultaneous with the arrival of Mehemet he was very cautious, and, watching an opportunity, Ali at Constantinople, it is conjectured the two jumped down and butted the hog whenever he events may in some way be connected with eachd turned his back. His escapes and frights were other.

cornical in the extreme; but in a very short time he

had the better, and at length beat the hog from LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. Washington Irving, place to place, till he fell quite exhausted and van who will soon return home, will immediately put quished. to press his History of Mohammed, the materials Next followed a battle-royal-three wild hogs, of which he has collected during his residence in six dogs, and the victorious goat. The hogs were Spain, from the Moorish manuscripts and legends. torn to pieces, most of the dogs in the same state; Prescott has ready his Conquest of Peru, which but the goat was as fresh and frolicsome as ever. will be followed by a life of Philip the Second.-- | Never was combatant more impartial : hog or dog Mr. Bancroft has completed the fourth volume of were the same to him, and all most studiously his History of the United States, which will soon avoided him. appear. Jared Sparks is engaged in writing a The tiger and buffalo fights afforded little sport. History of the American Revolution. The Hon. The latter gains almost invariably an easy conquest. John P. Kennedy is engaged upon a Life of Wirt. --Addison's Indian Letters.

Times.

We understand that an expedition which prom- us, within the compass of a newspaper article, to ises the most important results both to science and notice all the merits of the English or American commerce is at this moment fitting out for the pur- editors of the lexicon ; suffice it to say that the pose of navigating some of the most important un- fruit of their labors is before us in a specimen of explored rivers in South America. It is to be Greek lexicography so far superior to any that has under the command of Lord Ranelagh. Several yet appeared in the language that comparison noblemen and gentlemen have already volunteered would be ridiculous. Moreover the getting up of to accompany his lordship; and the enterprising the book is splendid ; type, paper and binding are and scientific band, it is said, will sail as soon as all of the finest. Our only marvel is that 1700 the necessary arrangements shall be completed.- pages of a Greek lexicon, thus done up, can be

offered for five dollars a price which nothing By a parliamentary return of the cost of postage

could justify but the prospect-a sure one for the stamps and envelopes from the beginning of 1841

publishers--of an extraordinary and long continued to the 5th of April last, it appears that the cost per

demand for the work.—Com. Advertiser. million of the envelopes, upon the average of the

The Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil, with Engperiod, was 3591. 6s. 11d.; and 3711, 4s. 2d. per

lish Notes. By CHARLES ANTHON, LL. D. million was repaid by the consumer. The profit

| New York. Harper & Brothers. per million upon the whole number issued was 111. 17s. 3d. ; the profit per million at the present time

This is another of Dr. Anthon's valuable conis 211. 16s. ld. The postage-labels cost per mil-tributions to the cause of classical learning. He lion 791. Os. 7d., no part of which is repaid by the has given these beautiful poems of Virgil in a form, consumers: it is, in fact, a charge on the collection and with aids, that cannot fail to make their peruof the tax.

sai not only advantageous in the acquirement of Latin, but delightful in the highest degree to every

person of taste. The explanatory notes are very NEW BOOKS AND RE-PRINTS. copious, and remove every difficolty from the path

of the student. The metrical index is especially Liddell & Scott's Greek-English Lericon. New York. Harper & Brothers.

adapted to lead to a thorough appreciation of these

creations of genius. The celebrity of Dr. Anthon, “ We are at length able to put forth this Lexi- together with the unequalled excellence of the con,” say the English editors, at the beginning of work, will no doubt introduce it into all the classitheir preface. We can imagine the pleasant sigh cal schools of the country.- Com. Advertiser. of satisfaction with which this pithy sentence was written ; and doubtless some such gentle suspira- The Pictorial History of England; being a His tion escaped from Professor Drisler as he laid down tory of the People as well as a History of the the last revise of the American edition. Well in Kingdom, down to the Reign of George III. deed may all the parties concerned in this noble To be completed in about forty numbers. Har work be satisfied, not merely because their labor is per & Brothers. done, but because it is so well done; and the whole 'The first numbers of this beautiful work which generation of Greek students in this country, pro- has been favorably known among us in the English fessors, teachers, pupils and all, owe them thanks edition, have been issued by the Messrs. Harper in and praise for their learning, industry and persever-la style which will commend it to general circulaance.

tion. It is profusely illustrated with engravings on In our school-boy days the highest resource in wood of monumental records ; coins ; civil and lexicography was Schrevelius' lexicon, and well do military costumes ; domestic buildings, furniture we remember many a doleful hour spent over its and ornaments; cathedrals and other great works dull pages in hunting out crabbed explanations giv- of architecture ; sports and other illustrations of en in bad Latin, almost as unintelligible as the manners; mechanical inventions ; portraits of emiGreek itself. The first relief to puzzled school-nent persons; and remarkable historical scenes. boys, as far as we recollect, was afforded by Pick- The work is intended for popular perusal, and aims ering's lexicon, and a wretched compilation called to exhibit the History of Common Life." as the Grove's. Then followed Donnegan, whose advent essential element of " the History of Civilization." was hailed as the dawning of a new era, and who, a history much more difficult to trace than 10 dein spite of multitudinous inaccuracies and defects, scribe the march of the conqueror, or speculate up has kept the field until this time. But Donnegan's on the intrigues of the statesman. Its pages are day is over; the lexicon of Liddell and Scott is not encumbered with unnecessary reference, but it destined not only to sweep all competitors aside, neglects no important source of information which but also to hold dominion in all places where Greek the nature of its design may make it proper to conis studied, for long years to come. Already has it Isult. been adopted in the English schools to the almost Having been for some years familiar with the entire exclusion of all others; and now it is offer- work, we can speak confidently of its merits. ed. greatly improved by Prof. Drisler's learned | Protestant Churchman. labors, for the use and comfort of American students.

A Text Book of Chemistry, for the use of schools Messrs. Liddell & Scott took up Passow's great and colleges. By John WILLIAM DRAPER, M. work where he left it, and completed it in the very D. With nearly 300 illustrations. Harper & spirit of his system by independent reading of their Brothers. own ; so great indeed are their additions, that the

Questions on 1. Corinthians. By ALBERT BANNES. work is rather an entirely new one than a modifica

For Bible Classes and Sanday Schools. Har tion of Passow. Prof. Drisler has not only care

per & Brothers. fully revised the work, but has added largely to its value, especially by the insertion of all the proper The American Cruiser. A Tale of the Last War. names in their alphabetical order. It is impossible for! Waite, Peirce & Co. Boston.

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