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NANTUCKET SAILORS.

our national banner are unfurled from our flag-staff, BY THE REV. MR. ABBOT.

sending a wave of emotion through the town. Many

families are hoping that it is the ship in which their A MAN was speaking a few days ago of the emo- friends are to return, and all are hoping for tidings tions with which he was overwhelmed, when he from the absent. Soon the name of the ship is bade adieu to his family on his last voyage. The announced ; and then there is an eager contention ship in which he was to sail was at Edgartown on with the boys to be the first bearer of the joyful Martha's Vineyard. The packet was at the wharf tidings to the wife of the captain. For which serwhich was to convey him from Nantucket to the vice a silver dollar is the established and invariaship. He went down in the morning and saw all ble fee. his private sea stores stowed away in the sloop and! And who can describe the feelings which must then returned to his home to take leave of his wife then agitate the bosom of the wife? . Perhaps she and children. His wife was sitting at the fireside has heard of no tidings from the ship for more than struggling in vain to restrain her tears.

a year. Trembling with excitement, she dresses She had an infant a few months old in her arms, herself to meet her husband. “Is he alive," she and with her foot was rocking the cradle in which says to herself, “ or am I a widow, and the poor lay, another little daughter about three years of age, children orphans?” She walks about the room, with her cheeks flushed with a burning fever. No unable to compose herself sufficiently to sit down. pen can describe the anguish of such a parting. It Eagerly she is looking out of the window, and is almost like the bitterness of death. The depart- down the street; she sees a man with hurried step ing father imprints a kiss upon the cheek of his turn the corner, and a little boy hold of his hand. child. Four years will pass away ere he will again Yes, it is he. And her little son has gone down take that child in his arms. Leaving his wife sob to the boat and found his father. Or, perhaps, inbing in anguish, he closes the door of his house be-stead of this, she sees two of her neighbors returnhind him. Four years must elapse ere he can crossing slowly and sadly, and directing their steps to that threshold again. One sea captain upon this her door. The blood flows back upon her heart. island has passed but seven years out of forty-one They rap at the door. It is the knell of her husupon the land.

band's death. And she falls senseless to the floor, A lady said to me a few evenings ago, “I have as they tell her that her husband has long since been married eleven years, and counting all the days been entombed in the fathomless ocean. my husband has been at home since our marriage, This is not fiction. These are not extreme cases it amounts to but three hundred and sixty days." He which the imagination creates. They are facts of is now absent, having been gone fifteen months, and continued occurrence-facts which awaken emotions two years more must undoubtedly elapse before his to which no pen can do justice. wife can see his face again, and when he shall re- A few weeks ago a ship returned to this island, turn it will be merely a visit to his family for a few bringing the news of another ship, that was nearly months, when he will again bid them adieu for filled with oil, that all on board were well, and that another four years' absence.

she might be expected in a neighboring port in such I asked the lady, the other day, how many letters a month. The wife of the captain resided in Nanshe wrote to her husband during his last voyage. tucket, and early in the month, with a heart throb** One hundred," was the answer. “ And how bing with affection and hope, she went to greet her many did he receive?" "Six." The invariable husband on his return. . rule is to write by every ship that leaves this port At length the ship appeared, dropped her anchor or New Bedford, or any other port that may be in the harbor, and the friends of the lady went to heard of for the Pacific Ocean. And yet the chances the ship to escort the husband to the wife from are very small that any two ships will meet on this whom he had been so long separated. Soon they boundless expanse. It sometimes happens that a sadly returned with the tidings that her husband ship returns, when those on board have not heard had been seized with the coast fever, upon the one word from their families during the whole island of Madagascar, and when about a week out, period of their absence.

on his return home, he died and was committed to Imagine then the feelings of a husband and father, his ocean burial. A few days after I called upon who returns to the harbor of Nantucket, after the the weeping widow and little daughter in their separation of forty-eight months, during which time destined home of bereavement and anguish. he has heard no tidings whatever from his home. He sees the boat pushing off from the wharves which is to bring him the tidings of weal or woe. He

SONNET. stands pale and trembling pacing the decks with emotions which he in vain endeavors to conceal. A

BY THE HON. MRS. NORTON. friend in the boat greets him with a smile, and says, O For the time the happy sinless time* Captain, your family are all well." Or perhaps When first we murmured forth our infant prayer, he says, "Captain, I have heavy news for you, Listened with reverence to the church-bells' your wife died two years and a half ago."

chime"A young man left this island last summer, leav- Gazed on the sky, and deemed that God dwelt ing in his quiet home a young and beautiful wife, there! and an infant child. The wife and child are now No more we hear those holy deep toned bells; both in the grave. But the husband knows not, But as their echo trembles on the air, and probably will not know it for some months to So in our sorrowing minds remembrance dwellscome. He perhaps falls asleep every night thinking Breathing of those fine days ere passion's sigh, of the loved ones left at his fire-side, little imagin- Remorse and sorrow, (sad the tale she tells,) ing that they are both cold in death.

| Polluted the petition sent on high ;On a bright summer afternoon, the telegraph an- When we kneli sinless, and our God alone nounces that a Cape Horn ship has appeared in the Was in the prayer that rose to his Almighty throne. horizon, and immediately the stars and stripes of

DISCOVERY OF COPPER MINES IN AUSTRALIA. sheep are in such abundance, that the principal

consumpt consists in melting down the carcasses in AFTER the great depression which the Australian

order to obtain their tallow. The newly-discovered colonies have suffered of late, it is gratifying to

mines, however, promise to employ somewhat more find that a new impulse has been given to the ener

profitably the muscular powers of the buffaloes, as gies of the colonists around Adelaide by the dis

well as to furnish steady and profitable labor to a covery of rich mines of copper. The discovery of

considerable number of miners, engineers, and the copper ore was entirely accidental. A son of

other artisans required for inining operations. Captain Bagot, in his chance rambles, had picked up a greenish stone, and carried it home, where it excited some attention. A short while afterwards,

IDIOCY. Mr. Dutton, having gone to the same locality in DR. CAMPBELL, in a communication published in search of some stray cattle, was attracted by a the Northern Journal of Medicine, states, on the greenish-looking substance imbedded in the shaly authority of Dr. Kombst, that an unusual number rock, which there rose to the surface. He carried of idiots and deformed persons are to be found at home a specimen, and, showing it to his friend Jena, in the Grand Duchy of Weimar. This fact Bagot, it was ascertained to be an ore of copper of | is, by the medical men of the place, coupled with the same nature as the specimen found by his son. the circumstance of there being brewed at LichtenThe next object of these enterprising gentlemen hain, a neighboring village, a very strong beer, of was to get possession of the land embracing this

pleasant taste, which is a great favorite with the hidden treasure. This they did by a regular pur- inhabitants of Jena. This beer is very intoxicatchase from government of eighty acres, at the price | ing, and the state of intoxication produced by it is of one pound sterling per acre. It appears that far more violent than that brought about by any there is no reserve made by government in the sale other beverage in common use. These highly-inof lands, but that all minerals, and everything else, toxicating qualities of the Lichtenhain beer are become the sole property of the purchaser. As ascribed to belladonna, which, it is said, the brewthe copper ore in this locality comes to the surface

ers mix with the beer. Now, no day passes withof the soil, the working of such a mine is a com- out some of the inhabitants of Jena returning paratively easy task; and some Cornish miners home in the evening highly intoxicated ; and the being on the spot, operations were commenced im- idiotic and deformed children are regarded as the mediately, and in due time a quantity of the ore offspring of fathers addicted to this pernicious berwas sent to England. It was found that the ores erage.-This is a curious surmise, and one which consisted of a carbonate and sulphuret of copper; after-experience is most likely to confirm ; for and so rich were they, that, on an average, they there is no reason why mental deformity should not furnished 294 per cent. of pure metal ; and the be transmissible as well as physical malformationsale of the ore at Liverpool brought an average of which, unluckily, is but too well-authenticated. £24, 8s. Id. per ton- price greatly above that And should it be confirmed. what a fearful responof any British ores, or even of those of Southsibility do such men incur, who, through vicious America, with one exception. The average price propensities, not only destroy their own constituof British and European ores is from £5 to £6 tions, but transmit to their innocent offspring an per ton; and the South American brings from £10 enfeebled frame, and the worst of all maladies-a to £15, the richest being £29. The enterprising hopeless imbecility of mind! Our chief distinproprietors of the Kapunda mine, ascertaining that guishing characteristic in creation is MIND. the some adjoining lands contained copper also, be- noblest of all the Creator's gifts; and no offence came purchasers of additional ground; but the

can be more enormous than the debasement of that value of the mines having now to some extent

gift by voluntary indulgence in gross and unseemly transpired, the price per acre was raised tenfold.

practices. Most people, indeed we might say all, Another locality containing very rich ore was soon make a great profession of regard for their offafter discovered in the Mount Lofty range of hills, spring ; but we question that sincerity in every about ten miles from Adelaide. This, called the case where there exists not a strict attention to Montaculi copper mine, has been purchased by a such habits of life as will, to the best of human company, and is now also in full operation. From knowledge, secure for that progeny a sound and the number of buffaloes in the country, the facility healthful constitution. The basis of a sound conof carrying the ore to the shipping port is very stitution, bodily and intellectually, is infinitely great. Improved modes of roasting the ores, and more valuable than any other bequeathment a thus lessening greatly their bulk, are also being parent can make. Without the one, life cannot be adopted. The whole colony is in activity, and the an enjoyment; without the other, progress is uttrade, if pursued with moderate caution and pru- terly unattainable. dence, is likely to be of essential importance to the community. Not only is the British market open for the commodity, but there is also a wide field in

LAWFUL DUELLING. India, China, and other parts of the world.

A LETTER from Munster, Westphalia, of the 30th A volume just published by Mr. F. Dutton on

'ult., published in the Journal des Debats, contains South Australia and its mines, affords an interest-Libe

the following:ing detail of this recent discovery, as well as the

“The day before yesterday we were witnesses most recent notice of the trade and prospects of

of an afflicting spectacle, and which to a certain deSouth Australia. The colonies appear to be grad

gree transported us to the middle ages. This specually recovering from the late effects of over-im

tacle was that of a duel under the sanction of jus portation and excessive speculation. Cattle and

tice.-The following is an account of this strange

affair :* South Australia and its Mines. With an Historical "Two young officers, the Baron de Deukhaus. Sketch of the Colony, under its several administrations, to the period of Captain Grey's departure. By Francis a lieutenant in the Ilth Regiment of Hussars, and Dutton. London: Boone. 1846.

TM. de Bonnhart, also a lieutenant in the 13th Infan

u

try, had, whilst playing at billiards in a coffee " It is the first time that a tribunal of honor in house at Munster, a violent dispute, in which M. de Prussia has ever authorized a duel. All the disDeukhaus made use of several offensive expressions putes which had been hitherto brought before the towards his adversary.

tribunal, had invariably terminated by a recon“ These words having been uttered in a public ciliation." place, and before a great number of witnesses, M. de Bonnhart felt himself under the necessity of de

THE REFORMATION IN GERMANY. manding public satisfaction, and to this effect cited M. de Deukhaus to appear before the tribunal of

The new Reformation has ended (as seemed but honor sitting at Munster. It is known that for the too probable at first) in one of the thousand forms last two years tribunals of this description are insti- of infidelity that are the curse of German speculation tuted in all the divisions of the Prussian army. and inquiry. .Unable to discern the difference be

“ This tribunal, conformably to the law, used all tween truth and error, the synod of the congregaits efforts to induce the offending party to retract the tions have abjured the divinity of the Lord, together offensive expressions, and not being able to succeed, with the corruptions of Rome. Thus a serious came to a decision that, considering the words in injury has been done by these rash and presumpquestion attacked the honor of M. de Bonnhart, the tuous men to the cause of scriptural truth; and the latter could no longer continue in the army without movement commenced by Ronge, from which so having obtained public satisfaction; and considering much was anticipated, will only tend to bring Gerthat M. de Deukhaus obstinately refused to grant man Protestantism into contempt, and to strengthen him such satisfaction, the tribunal authorized a duel the hands of Rome. The following letter is taken between the two parties, according to the military from the Morning Herald. Other accounts received rules.

entirely confirm its accuracy ;- The duel took place on Monday, June 29, at Berlin, July 27.-We have news of the result three o'clock in the afternoon, in a plain situate to of the synod of the congregations professing the the north of the city of Munster. À platform was apostolical faith, which has been held at Schneierected in the middle of the plain, on which was demubl; and it is most afflicting. So unblushing seated the tribunal, the judges of the combat.

was the denial of the saving truths of the gospel * Before the tribune, a large space, surrounded manifested at this meeting, that Dr. Jettmar and his by ropes supported by staves, was reserved for the lay coadjutor withdrew in disgust before its sittings combatants. Some detachments of infantry and terminated. They represented the apostolical flock in cavalry were placed round the enclosed ground and this city, and, in spite of all the persuasions and tribune of the judges. At an early hour an exhortations which Christian love and faithfulness immense crowd filled the vast plain, in order to wit- could urge, were unable to prevent the meeting from ness the strange contest which was about to take repudiating the confession of the Holy Trinity, the place.

divinity of Jesus Christ, and the personality of the “At three o'clock precisely the judges, wearing Holy Ghost. Not only did the members protest . their uniforms, took their places in the tribune. against the adoption of the three æcumenical creeds, They again attempted to effect a reconciliation, and but treated even the apostles' creed with slight. this attempt also failing, authorized the combat to The Godhead of the Saviour having become the take place.

| subject of discussion, the Rev. Mr. Port, of Posen, “ It was agreed upon by the two adversaries, with / who acted as president, asked whether any one the sanction of the tribunal, that the combat should present really believed that Jesus Christ was very take place with cavalry swords, and be continued God? And upon one of the Berlin deputies replyuntil one of the adversaries became hors de combat, ing that he believed it, and was as fully convinced and that both should fight with their heads uncov- of it as of his own existence, the president treated ered and in their shirt sleeves.

the asservation with scorn and contempt. Again, “A certain number of sabres were then brought when the Berlin deputies earnestly besought the forward, and the two adversaries. after having assembly not to reject the apostles' creed, and to bound their eyes, took by chance their weapons. abstain from abbreviating it, the same individual

Then taking of the handkerchiefs from their eyes, observed that it contains arrant nonsense.' One of as well as their coats and hats, they put themselves the deputies called upon Czerski to use his influence in an attitude of defence, and at a signal given by to discountenance so unscriptural and unbefitting a the president of the tribunal, the combat began. remark, and to support the opposition raised by

"MM. de Deukhaus and de Bonnhart fought them in behalf of the apostolical symbol. He with the greatest obstinacy. The latter success- answered that he saw nothing objectionable in the ively received two slight wounds in the arm, but remark; and for himself was averse to all confesssoon afterwards wounded his adversary so severely ions, (symbolicism,) and should vote for the doing in the thigh, as to render it impossible for the latter away with all creeds, and the adoption of the Bible to continue the combat.

as the only standard. Dr. Thirnen was also pres“When the surgeons had dressed the wounds of ent, and proposed a confession for the congregations the officers, the president of the tribunal again of the Grand Duchy of Posen, which is of so equivattempted to reconcile them; this time he was ocal a character as to suit almost every shade of immediately obeyed, and the two adversaries belief, and the meeting adopted it.” embraced each other. The public, which had This must put an end to the movement, which throughout the combat observed the profoundest henceforth can only result in some declaration of silence, hailed the reconciliation with loud and con- infidelity. It will next be carried that the Bible tinued applause.-Two coaches took away the late was not written by inspiration ; then that it is withopponents, and M de Bonnhart assisted in carrying out authority ; and lastly, that all revelation is a M. de Deukhaus to his. The tribunal then sepa- fable, and Christianity is an imposition. May this rated, and the crowd quietly dispersed.

country long be preserved from the fatal errors of German speculation !-Britannia.

CORRESPONDENCE.

Psalms, with an introduction. The whole work Parts of Mr. Walsh's letter to the National Intelligencer, dated will soon be finished. It exhibits the labors of the Paris, 16th August

German philologers and Jewish theologians. His The Paris National of the 8th holds this lar- dissent from the Christian commentators is always guage : “ How do you understand your constitu- temperately expressed. tion? Is it, or not, based on the principle of the Benoiston de Chateauneuf lately read to the sovereignty of the people? Is the king anything Academy of Moral and Political Sciences a memoir else than the product of our election ? May he on the length of human life in many of the princinot be cashiered lawfully to-morrow, if to-morrow pal States of Europe, and on the greater or less he should violate the conditions imposed on him. longevity of their inhabitants ; it is a work of exIs not the will that created him, and which can tensive research and immense calculation. He proclaim his déchéance or forfeiture, always above concludes that all climates are favorable to longevihim? We do not refer to subversive revolations ; ty ; that in Europe woman is everywhere longer we keep within the strict right and scope of the lived than man, and that the human career may be charter. We pursue the regular and insuperable estimated at ninety years as the extreme; of one consequences of popular sovereignty."

thousand individuals fourteen remain to that period, Mr. Cobden has been for several days the lion from the age of thirty, and six from birth. of Paris. (Ersted, the celebrated Danish natural There is a remarkable tribute to the spirit and philosopher, is also here, and was present at the tendency of the times in the following conclusion last meeting of the Academy of Sciences, of which of the address of Marshal Bugeaud, Duke of Isly, he is a corresponding member.

to his constituents. “I profess to love and to The Amnesty of the new pope, in the Italian, is merit popularity. I have always labored for the a beautiful composition ; his allocation to the Car- people : I am of the people, the son of my own dinals a masterpiece of Latinity. Our Paris Na- works; I cannot entertain aristocratic ideas." tional is not satisfied with the amnesty because it In a recent lawsuit, Alexandre Dumas was concontains the word pardon, and a promise of future victed of double vente; that is, of having sold twice loyalty to the Holy See is exacted.

over the same literary materials : his Clarissa Har. Young Oscar Lafayette, the son of George, was lowe, a French compression and recast of Richard. elected to the chamber of deputies by virtue of his son's endless work, has found astonishing success glorious name. Six members of the Lafayette in England as well as France. Clarissa Harlowe, connections have now seats in the chamber. a drama in three acts, founded on the principal

In the months of June and July the theatres of events of the novel, and skilfully executed, has Paris received less money than during the months been welcomed in like manner at the theatre of of the cholera. The swimming and bathing estab- the Gymnase. Mademoiselle Rose-Cheri (a new lishments gained more than in any one year for the Mademoiselle Mars) is the applauded Clarissa. twenty-five years past.

Mehemet Ali lately said to the British Ambas Mr. Coupey, an erudite judge of Cherbourg, sador at Constantinople that he was quite sensible .published some years ago a tract showing that the of the importance of a good and safe communication institution of the jury--nearly the same as that of across the Isthmus of Suez, but would give the the present day-subsisted in Normandy for a cen-opening of it to no company : he would execute it tury or more in the middle ages. He has issued himself. Monopoly of profits is his object. another tract on Judicial Proof in Normandy at the The premature unexpected death of the famous same era, fortifying the first.

Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore, at London, affords M. Guerin Meneville's - Studies of the habits topic for many French paragraphs. The Parisians and organization of the numerous insects or crea- saw him last winter everywhere seemingly in rotures mischievous to useful vegetables," deserve to bust health, and especially devoted to the ladies, be known in the United States. When the olive whose smiles and pressures of his tawny hand he shall be cultivated in our country, his treatise on requited with Cashmere shawls and glittering triathe insects of that tree will be consulted with ad- kets. Where they were present all serious convantage.

versation with him was out of the question. Ta A colossal head in Pentelic marble, in the Royal gore was not a prince, as he was commonly dubbed, Library of Paris, is ascertained to be from the chisel but a princely merchant, fond of the appearances of Phidias, and to have been brought from the ruins of a magnifico. He was born in the caste of the of the Parthenon in 1676, after the fatal explosion Brahmins, of parents in moderate circumstances. of that year.

He amassed his large fortune by hard work and In consequence of the drought, the inhabitants of lucky speculations in opium and indigo. He paid the city of Aix have been put on an allowance of a visit to Rome, and, in his interview with the three quarts of water per day for all domestic pur-pope, intended to discourse on deism as taught by poses.

Ramoun Roy, but Gregory diverted him from the The Abbé Miche, apostolical missionary, was subject by gracious queries concerning his deeds smuggled into Cochin China in a boat with a false of munificence. He was zealously devoted to the bottom, in which he lay perdu.

East India Company. The London Morning Chronicle of the 8th in- The will of Louis Bonaparte, ex-king of Hol. stant has a remarkable editorial article on the Cali- land, who died lately at Florence, is an interesting fornias, the state and prospects of Mexico and the document. It implies that he was enormously war, and ending with an appeal to all the govern- rich. Louis Napoleon, the ex-prisoner of Ham, ments of Europe to arrest the strides of American inherits enough to equip another expedition for the ambition. It is not, indeed, the organ of the Brit-imperial crown of France. ish cabinet, but rather of the discomforted and for- Shamil, the hero of the Caucasus, again annoys lorn Hudson Bay Company.

the Russians by incursions, which yield him much The learned Israelite Cahen's translation of the booty. A letter from Tiflis states that he is at the Bible will consist of thirteen volumes. He has just head of twenty thousand Circassian mountaineers, issued the seventeenth huraisun, containing the who slay their many Cossack prisoners, when these are found inconvenient. A French writer describes I lish French supremacy in the Lebanon. Final Shakspeare as à barbarian incrusted with genius. discomfiture of all efforts in Greece and Spain is Shamil and Abd-el-Kader seem to merit the same quite probable. It is presumed that, while the description.

Duke of Bordeaux lives, Louis Philippe will inThe recent and curious article of the London flexibly refuse assent to a match between the son Times on the marriage of the Queen of Spain fell of Don Carlos (late titular King of Spain) and like a bomb in the French cabinet and the political Queen Isabel. The example of such a triumph circles of Paris. In no instance, by any foreign for legitimacy might prove dangerous to the Orleans journal whatever, has Louis Philippe been so di-dynasty. rectly and personally arraigned or so harshly treat- Professors are about to be established in the ed. Before the accession of the whigs in England south of France-in the Mediterranean provinces the Times held a very different strain about the for the diffusion of the (vulgar or spoken) Arabic Spanish match, and paid profound homage to the tongue. wisdom and virtues of the king of France. The A recent case before the tribunal of commerce Journal des Débats was roused to an immediate brought out the circumstance that Monsieur de Lasemi-official reply, in which, though the British martine, the poet, sold to a bookseller for the sum cabinet be generally exculpated, Lord Clarendon, a of four hundred and fifty thousand francs the copymember of it, and formerly British ambassador at right or property during his life, and twenty years Madrid, is accused of having written or prompted after his death, of his History of the Gironde, and the indecorous and spiteful article.

his Confidential Memoirs. The purchaser became There was more diffusive animation and interest unable to fulfil his contract, which might have in the recent general election of Deputies than on proved a bargain. The posthumous memoirs of any former occasion. The conservatives have a Marshal Duke of Belluno (Victor) are announced. majority of about one hundred ; but the ministry Some extracts thrown into the journals beget the cannot count on that number for their purposes expectation of an interesting book. during the next session. The Dupin and Dufaure We have a French translation of Mr. Cooper's groups will be disposed, as heretofore, to baffle Mr. History of the Navy of the United States, in two Guizot. The new members are not certain ad-octavos, by Paul Jessé. In the press, a History herents ; they may throw themselves, according to of the Accursed Races of France, meaning, I preemergencies, into the different sections of the cham- sume, Jews, Gipsies, and so forth. The common ber. Not one half of the so-called conservatives phrase in Europe, the dangerous classes, meaning elected, new or old, pledged themselves to support the lower, hardly admits of application in the Mr. Guizot's policy, or professed his doctrines or American Union; at least, not in the non-slaveattempted to defend his past measures.

holding States. The monument of Christopher Columbus, which The Essay on the Life and Labors of the late the Sardinian government has caused to be executed Baron de Gérando, by his niece, will interest in marble, for the city of Genoa, is completed, and many philanthropists and students of philosophy will be immediately erected on the Quay de Darse- on your side of the Atlantic. There is no French na. The inauguration will take place in Septem- memory of my personal acquaintance which I ber next, during the time that the meeting of natu- venerate so much as that of the Baron, man and ralists is being held in that city. The king and author. the royal family will be present on the occasion. The announced History of the Clergy of France,

The late experiments made at Berlin of casting from the introduction of Christianity among the iron cannon by the galvanic-elastic process were so Gauls to the present time, by an erudite lawyer, successful that it has been determined to apply it to Bousquet, has a general welcome. A naturalist all the guns in the Prussian fortresses. A sum of has given us a tract, with an atlas of eight plates, 100,000 thalers (375,000fr.) has already been ap- entitled “ The Omnipotent Godhead proved by the propriated towards the execution of the plan. admirable organization of the Silkworm."

ConfidenTIAL COMMUNICATIONS.-In an action Dr. Bowring's exposition in the house of comfor slander, which came up for trial at the assizes mons, on the 15th instant, of the tobacco question at Norwich (England) this week, before Mr. Baron in Great Britain, went to the United States by the Alderson, it appeared that the words complained steamer of the 19th ; but I cannot refrain from inof were uttered by the defendant in private familiar dicating it to you and your readers. The high conversation with a friend ; and the learned judge duties and the consequent contraband are exhibited stopped the case, saying that such a conversation in most instructive magnitude and deformity. ought to be treated as a privileged communication ; The amount smuggled is at least equal to that on for, if persons were to be subject to actions for which the duty is paid ; that duty being between words so spoken, all intercourse between friends 800 and 900 per cent. on the value of the raw comwould be at an end. - Atlas.

modity. This year the convictions in the courts From the same, dated July 20.

for the smuggling have been five hundred and

thirty-eight and before magistrates not less than Mr. Guizot's acts, aims, and theories, in the eight hundred and seventy-two, in England alone. Texas affair, form a prominent topic in the circu- The doctor added : lars of the French opposition. The Journal des "The ratio in Ireland and in Scotland was even Debats styles him the greatest statesman and ora-greater; for while in England they were 102 per tor of the present times. Surely, the statesman-cent., in Ireland they were 252 per cent., and in ship may be questioned in his whole foreign policy. Scotland 451 per cent. ; but of 333 persons conIt is affirmed that France has spent within the ten victed last year of smuggling tobacco in quantities years past, a million and half of francs for her exceeding 100 pounds, only fifteen persons had paid legation in Mexico, and with what fruit? The any fines, and the aggregate amount of those fines follies of Tahiti, Marquesas, Montevideo, could was only £805. The enormous charges that feli scarcely be exceeded. Nothing but disappoint- upon the public in consequence deserved considerment and loss will come of the struggle to estab-lation : 1,478 prisoners had to be maintained in jail,

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