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persons, associated in our minds, but widely aparting of the vessel was anticipated. Strange to say. in life, will, by letter or visit, cast up in the same the description of the behavior of the passenger day. For example, I have received in one evening, was an exact reflection of that in Crabbe's poem, letters introducing strangers from two cousins living as if the writer had been reading that composition a in different countries, and from neither of whom I short while before, and had copied it; or else the had previously received any communication for sev- poem was so true 10 nature, that an actual occureral years, except a single letter of introduction rence unavoidably resembled it. The identity was from one of the parties about three months pre-perfect, even to the particular of gentle women viously. One day, proceeding to a place of busi- maintaining a quiet and resigned demeanor, while ness where I have duties to attend to, I passed a strong men were frantic with vain terror. This gentleman whom I recollected having met at a will clearly appear from the following passage in the country-house ten years previously, but had not report, which I had the curiosity to search out in seen since. We formed iwo out of three guests the file of the paper in which it originally appeared : entertained by a family consisting of three persons, -" In a few moments, and the crowd of human all of them considerably advanced in life. I was beings collected on board, who had just before been aware that two of our entertainers were since dead. radiant with gayety and good humor, changed into a With a mind full of the recollections which this wretched, terrified, and helpless mass, among whom gentleman's face excited, I entered the office, and every moral quality of the mind might be discerned there sat, waiting for me, to consult about a small brought out into frightful relief, from the sternest matter of business, a lady, the survivor of the fami- of stubborn endurance, to the lowest point of pusilly of our host, and whom also I had not seen since lanimity and despair. There was no distinction of the dinner-party. On interrogation, I found that age or sex ; men howled and ran about frantic like she had come there that day, without the least women ; and women were there, young and beautiknowledge of the proceedings or whereabouts of ful, who exhibited to the full the calmness of moral the gentleman whom I had just seen in the street. heroism."Edinburgh Courant, October 3, 1844.. Like myself, she had never once seen him since the The day after, I went to attend service in St. day when we had all met ten years ago.

Nicholas' church, Newcastle, full of the recollecThe following is a still more striking instance. tion of the covenanters entering the town after In the early part of October, 1844, I was taking an their victory over Charles I. at Newburnford, in excursion with a friend in Northumberland. Stop- 1640, when Alexander Henderson preached a serping for an hour at Morpeth, to refresh our horse, mon on the text, “ And the Lord said unto my lord, we asked for a newspaper to while away the time; sit thou on my right hand, until I make thine but were told that the papers of that day had not enemies thy footstool." Imagination could not reyet arrived. I therefore resorted for amusement to sist bodying forth the scene of two hundred years a miniature copy of Crabbe's Borough, which lago-a stern puritan army, flushed with their first had put into my pocket for this purpose, selecting victory, listening grimly to an application of this it from many books purely on account of its con- sublime promise, amidst the long-withdrawing veniently small size. The section of the poem aisles of this noble old pile. So possessed in mind, on which my attention became engaged, was it was absolutely startling to come suddenly, in the that in which occurs a striking description of the readings of the day, upon this very text-" The alarm occasioned to a pic-nic party when, in the Lord said unto my lord," &c. This looked like midst of their enjoyments on a low sandy islet, usu- being persecuted with coincidences. ally covered at high water, they were informed One might say that, if real life gives such striking that their boat had, by negligence been allowed to phenomena as these, while fiction is forbidden to float away, leaving them a prey to the rising tide, use them, records from actual life ought to be far unless they should be rescued by a passing vessel, more interesting, even to the readers for mere exwhich was not likely. The most forcible part of citement, than any of the effusions of fancy. And the description of the forlorn party, is that in which it really does seem far from unlikely that, if the the behavior of various persons is put into contrast : former were chronicled with fidelity, they would be

apt to run romance entirely out of the market. “ Had one been there, with spirit strong and high, "The wonder, after all, remains, that events, Who could observe, as he prepared to die,

against which there are so many chances, should He might have seen of hearts the varying kind, occur so often as they seem to do. Let us consider And traced the movement of each different mind : what probability actually is. An able philosopher He might have seen that not the gentle maid of our century thus speaks of it: It is to the imWas more than stern and haughty man afraid ; perfection of the human mind," he says, "and not Such, calmly grieving, will their fears suppress, to any irregularity in the nature of things, that our And silent prayers to mercy's throne address; ideas of chance and probability are to be referred. While fiercer minds, impatient, angry, loud, Events which to one man seem accidental and pre Force their vain grief on the reluctant crowd."-&c. carious, to another, who is better informed, or who

has more power of generalization, appear to be Immediately after I had read this passage, the wait- regular and certain.• * . The laws of the er put the Sun of the preceding evening into my material world have the same infallible operation on hands. It contained an extract from an Edinburgh the minute and the great bodies of the universe ; paper, giving an account of an accident which had and the motions of the former are as determinate as happened a few days before to the Windsor Castle those of the latter." He adds, that every particle steamer, on her passage from Dundee to Leith with of water or air has described from the beginning a a large pleasure party, which had been witnessing trajetory or path determined by mechanical princithe departure of the queen from the former port, I ples, and which is therefore knovable, " and would after her short residence at Blair-Athole. The be an object of science to a mind informed of all the vessel had been allowed to strike on the Cart rock, when instantly music and dancing were exchanged On inquiry, it appears that the writer of the report for alarm and terror, as the almost immediate sink- had not previously read the passage in the Borough

original conditions, and possessing an analysis that to be observed that the total number of acts, movewould follow them through their various combina- ments, and occurrences of every kind in life must tions. The same," he continues, " s true of every be much greater, even in the case of the most quietatom of the material world : so that nothing but in- living people, than at first sight appears. If this formation sufficiently extensive, and a calculus suf- truly be the case, instances of coincidence must ficiently powerful, are wanting to reduce all things bear a much smaller proportion to the entire mass to a certainty. * * * Probability and chance than we are apt to suppose; that is the same thing are thus ideas relative to human ignorance. The as to say, that the frequency of their occurrence is latter means a series of events not regulated by any more apparent than real. Again, amidst the mullaw that we can perceive. Not perceiving the ex- titude of the things which pass unobserved and unistence of a law, we reason as if there were none, remembered, there may of course be many occuror no principle by which one state of things deter- rences of facts and other particulars, which we bemines that whicin is to follow."*

lieve to be new to us when they occur collisively : Unable to discover or follow the laws by which thus the apparent first of the two instances may be events of this nature are determined, we can never- the tenth, or twentieth, or hundredth, instead of the theless reduce them to calculation in a particular first. All of these considerations undoubtedly tend way. All are familiar with the throwing of dice. to bring the supposed supernaturality towards, if There being six sides, any of which may be upper- not wholly into, naturality. If so much can be acmost, the chance of throwing the die with a partic-counted for from what we know, let us add some ular side, say the ace, uppermost, is one-sixth. further unknown quantity for what we do not With two dice, the chance of throwing two aces is know, and then perhaps little, if any, difficulty will 1-36th: as each face of the one die may be com- remain. bined with any face of the other. Thus we learn that, “when any event may fall out a certain number of ways, all of which, to our apprehension, are

THE WATER-LILY. equally possible, the probability that the event will happen, with certain conditions accompanying it. BURTHENED with a cureless sorrow, may be expressed by a fraction, of which the nu

Came I to the river deep; merator is the number of instances favorable to Weary, hopeless of the morrow, those conditions, and the denominator the number Seeking but a place to weep; of the possible instances.” Now observe, in a Sparkling onwards, full of gladness, couple of dice there are but thirty-six combinations ; Each sun-crested wavelet flew, but what would be the denominator of a fraction Mocking my deep-hearted sadness, which should express the little likelihood of my Till I sickened at the view. being engaged in reading Crabbe's account of the Then I left the sunshine golden distressed pic-nic party, at the moment when a For the gloomy willow-shade, newspaper was approaching me, containing an ac Desolate and unbeholden, count of a similar occurrence, expressed almost in

There my fainting limbs I laid. the same terms! One can see in a moment the And I saw a water-lily possibility of such an event; but he cannot help Resting in its trembling bed, thinking, at the same time, that thousands of lives On the drifting waters chilly, were likely to have passed without its occurring in With its petals white outspread. one of them. It seems difficult to reconcile the fre Pillowed there, it lay securely, quency of such coincidences, which is matter of Moving with the moving wave, familiar observation to all, with the idea of our phi Up to heaven gazing purely, losopher, that all secular events might be reduced From the river's gloomy grave. under fixed laws, if we only could trace the series As I looked, a burst of glory in their mutual dependency.

Fell upon the snowy flower, Some considerations will, nevertheless, occur to And the lessoned allegory bring such events into at least an approximation Learned I in that blessed hour :with our ideas respecting fixed laws. In the first Thus does Faith, divine, indwelling, place, there are what may be called extenuating Bear the soul o'er life's cold stream, circumstances. These we usually discover when Though the gloomy billows swelling, we look narrowly into particulars. For example, Evermore still darker seem. the scriptural text already quoted, being a portion Yet the treasure never sinketh, of the 110th Psalm, had a chance of occurring in Though the waves around it roll, the usual readings of the Psalter equal to about one And the moisture that it drinketh, in sixty-two (the Psalms being divided into so Nurtures, purifies the soul. many portions for reading during the month.) Thus aye looking up to heaven Then it is repeated no fewer than five times in the Should the white and calm soul be, New Testament. In the portions of Scripture ap Gladden in the sunshine given, pointed for the daily lessons throughout the year, Nor from the clouds shrink fearfully. chapters containing this passage occur no fewer So I turned, my weak heart strengthened, than thirteen times. This obviously added very Patiently to bear my woe; considerably to the chance that, on attending wor Praying, as the sorrow lengthened, ship in the St. Nicholas' church for the first time I My endurance too might grow. should hear Henderson's text repeated. Thus the And my earnest heart beseeching total likelihood was not so little as one would, on a Charmed away the sense of pain; cursory glance, imagine. It is, in the second place, So the lily's silent teaching

Was not given to me in vain. * Playfair's Works, iv., 424.

Chambers. CXXIV. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 39

THE NEW "HOLY" ALLIANCE.

I there are twenty in favor of paying all. Everybody

thinks it good policy to pay the priests and make What is the price which the ministry has con- good subjects of them. Catholic ascendancy is the sented to pay for O'Connell's support? He is too cherished purpose of Conciliation-hall. It will be shrewd a judge of the value of his votes and influ- done when O'Connell wishes it; for he is the ence to let them go cheap. The cry of Conciliation- strongest, and premiers are not false to their own hall now is, that there never was so good a govern-convictions when their interest coincides with them. ment for Ireland as the present, that it must be sup- "*0, but the Catholics will not take the pay!' ported, that cheers for repeal are to give way to It is amazing what some heads are fitted to believe, cheers for Russell. This altered tone must have and some tongues to say. Did not the welkin of been bought at a high price.

the whole world ring with a shout of Catholic joy The priests are with Mr. O'Connell to a man. when the state undertook to provide for the edocaThey are in the secret of the promises he has re- tion of the priesthood in Ireland! Will they who ceived, and of his hopes of their fulfilment. Are rejoiced over the maintenance of the students reject we to suppose the priesthood so very independent the maintenance of the priests of Maynooth! Cathas to join in a shout to swell whig popularity with-olic ascendancy in Ireland is the Catholic notion of out sure expectation of commensurate advantage to justice. In the teeth of all his loud professions of themselves?

voluntaryism, now silent, Mr. O'Connell, in a memnThere are two objects dear alike to Romish am-orable speech in the beginning of last year, made bition and to whig desire. They are, the destruc- his last declaration on this subject; which was, tion of the Protestant establishment in Ireland, and that as Presbyterianism was the established religion the endowment of the Romish church. The pre- of Scotland, and Episcopacy of England, Catholimier makes no secret of his own wishes, but seeks cism ought to be the established religion of Ireland.

p disarın vigilance by avowing he tras no thought Only imagine the Vatican spurning state pay! As if carrying them into effect. He is waiting for the much of state pay and as little of state control as xt election.

possible is the object of the Irish priesthood. Gold Some members of the liberal party, very few it as much as they can get, with as little of it as posmust be confessed, honestly opposed to the endow- sible in the shape of chains, is the object of the ment of popery, have taken alarm at the near pros- priests." pect of that measure being brought forward with This able extract states the question with perfect the whole weight of government support. Mr. fairness. The Protestant church will be reduced, Robertson, a writer, we believe, in the “West- and the Romish church endowed, the instant Lord minster Review," has just issued a pamphlet, ex- John Russell can securely count on his parliamentpressing his conviction that the endowment of the ary majority. Church of Rome is already a settled question in the We quite agree with Mr. Robertson that a state cabinet. His language is clear and logical:- provision for the maintenance of priests is a neces

“Lord John Russell avows himself, like a man sary sequence to state provision for the education of honor, favorable to the reduction of the Protest- of priests.' One follows the other naturally. Every ant, and the endowment of the Catholic, Church of argument used for the endowment of Maynooth can Ireland. This is the view entertained by nearly be urged with tenfold force for the endowment of everybody who voted for the Maynooth endow- Romish benefices. menis. Never was there a ministry so favorable to The danger is apparent. If the country will Roman Catholics. Mr. Macaulay will discover the make no provision against it, we must expect to slip in logic he made use of to secure his election. encounter it unprepared, and hopeless of resistance. Cogency will come to him, and he will show, with- The policy, once put in action, can only end with out an error in mood or figure, how maintenance is the entire destruction of the Protestant church in a necessary sequence of preparation for the priestly Ireland, and in the absolute dominion of the church office. All his colleagues think so. Every sound of Rome. Mr. O'Connell may, after all, be sinhead must regard the position Mr. Macaulay, Mr. cere; these changes would greatly smooth the way Gibson Craig, and Mr. Fox Maule take as uniquely for repeal.-Britannia, 8 Aug. preposterous. On another occasion we may show how completely and conscientiously the whole Rus

From the Britannia, Ang. 16. sell administration are committed to the endowment

THE CANADIAN “LEAGUE." of popery. Votes, speeches, reviews, pamphlets, may all be quoted to prove how completely they are The speech of Lord Ashburton on Monday repledged, how cordially they are wedded to this great lieved the monotony of the debate by a reference to whig delusion.

the real measure before the house, and the conse “The exact purport of the answer of the premier quences likely to flow from it. His address is to this question-Will you pay the priests?'--marked by the practical genius for which this emiwas, I will when I can. Je will have his eye nent commercialist is distinguished. No man is on a new parliament. Earl Grey and Sir George better entitled to speak with authority on questions Grey, the colonial and the home secretaries, are affecting our colonies, because no man is more both devoted to this measure. Sir William Som-deeply interested in their prosperity, or has had more erville, the protege of O'Connell, is the home under-extensive experience in their trade. He is neither a secretary. Mr. Wyse, who enjoys the friendship theorist nor a blind worker in the great transactions and confidence of the highest dignitaries of the of commerce. His position, like that of the comCatholic church, is on the Board of Control. Lord mander of an army, enables him to command a Palmerston has given priests glebes privately, and view of the whole field of action, and to combine recommended the same course to the government the principles of science with the necessities of the publicly. If ever there was an administration which time. If he goes farther than most of those who had its purpose blazoned upon the forehead of it, took part in the debate, it is because he sees this administration has been constructed with a view farther, and looks more steadily to remote conse to the endowment of popery. For one person in quences, not because he is more visionary in his the upper liberal circles against paying any soct, I opinions.

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Very wisely, as we think, Lord Ashburton says equally by reason and by justice. This Canadian nothing of slavery in connexion with this question. League has its organ in a weekly journal, the CanaThe real point at issue, in his judgment, is, whe-dian Economist, in which its views are urged with ther our whole system of colonial protection is to great freedom and vigor. In an able report from be retained or abolished. He is satisfied that the the association a list is given of those articles on principle of free trade, once acknowledged and which high discriminating duties are imposed for acted on by the legislature, must be carried out to the benefit of the English manufacturer. We exits full extent. We yield entire assent to this frank tract a few of the items :and decided avowal of his convictions : " This measure involved a complete change in

Articles.

Foreign.
Brilish.

tion. the whole colonial system of this country; it involved, in fact, the question of our having colonies Coffee, ....

5s. per cwt.

{id. p. Ib. 58. pr.cwt. at all. All the world must admit that the princi

Glass and Glassware,

cent.(15 pr. cent. ple of protection was sometimes carried to an ab- | surd and ridiculous extent; but that some degree Hardware,. . of protection was required by the dependencies of a Hats, Leather, Woolcountry whose great wealth had been created by l, len, Cotton,: · · [12 colonies and commerce, no man possessed of politi

Jewellery cal knowledge or experience would be disposed to Leather Manufactures, 12 controvert. The principle on which this measure Machinery, ...17 was founded nccessarily involved the loss of these Musical Instruments, 12 " colonies."

Manufactures, Cotion, These remarks are true to the letter. Political

Linen, Woollen, .12

| Paper Manufactures, 12 " systems are not like material edifices, visible to sight. There is nothing tangible in them. They These discriminating duties the League requires cannot be touched, or handled, or examined, or shall be given up. It seems there will be no oppomeasured ; and hence to the careless or ignorant sition to their demand from the home government. they may seem to have no existence. But, in real- Power will be allowed our colonial legislatures to ity, they are composed of many parts, and are held deal with discriminating duties as they think best. solidly together only by the support those parts Our manufacturers who have hitherto held almost afford to each other. You cannot deprive our colo- exclusive possession of the colonial markets will nial system of one of its main pillars without griev- then, probably, find powerful rivals in them. The ously damaging the whole structure. When the goods of the United States can be carried to the supports are weakened, it must be taken down as West Indies and Canada more rapidly and at less rapidly as possible lest it should by its own weight expense than from the ports of Great Britain ; and descend in ruins.

it is, therefore, only reasonable to conclude that a We have already an illustration of this in the large portion of the trade and commerce hitherto state of affairs in Canada. One party is indignant enjoyed exclusively by ourselves will be diverted to at the withdrawal of protection to Canadian exports, other sources. and vehemently protests against the injustice of But it is on the repeal of the navigation laws that charging on the colony the expenses of those works the Canadians lay the most stress. In the freeundertaken on the faith of a market being reserved trade manifesto, the “ baneful influence” of those for its surplus produce in Great Britain. A sec- laws is dwelt on at length, and the people are urged ond party, believing free trade to be inevitable, to join in a vigorous effort for their total abolition. considers only how the Canadians can take advan-Some passages in the report show how keenly the tage of it, to remove those restrictive Jaws by restriction is felt, and what hearty efforts will be which the parent country has made her colonies a made for its removal :source of wealth and extended commerce to her- “The council trusts that a representation of the self. It is said, very reasonably, that, if the prin injury to this province, arising from the restrictive ciple of buying in the cheapest and selling in the character of the British navigation laws, is all that dearest market is to be acted on by the imperial is requisite to induce the British ministry to cause legislature, it must also be acted on by colonial leg- their modification, so far as respects this colony. islatures; and that, if Canadian exports are to meet Their baneful influence has, more especially during with no more favor from England than the exports the present year, been felt both in our export and of foreign countries, the people of Canada are enti-import trade. Such has been and is the scarcity tled to purchase the commodities they require of British vessels, adapted to the conveyance of wherever they can obtain them to the greatest ad-wheat and flour, in the ports of Quebec and Monvantage. They go a little farther, and directly as-treal, that freight has advanced fully fifty per centsert that it is not for the interest of Canada to have um beyond the remunerating or average rate. any restrictions placed on her carrying trade ; they Now, had those laws permitted, foreign vessels say freights should be regulated by the same prin- could have been procured in the poris of the United ciple as other operations of commerce, and that the States, at moderate rates, (as is manifest from the traders of Canada have a right to obtain them at the low freights between New York and Britain,) to cheapest rates that are offered. In short, they in- convey the produce to its destined market. Is it sist that the British navigation laws, as far as they not obvious that we are thus placed in a much less regard Canada, shall be wholly ånd entirely re- advantageous position than foreigners, in being pealed. We confess we do not see how this de- taxed to support British shipping, and that tax mand can be resisted.

offers great encouragement to the western producer A free-trade association has been formed at Mon- to send his goods via the United States, rather thar treal to agitate for those changes indicated above, by the route of the St. Lawrence? Thus this col which, it is asserted, are rendered absolutely neces-ony is laboring at the same time under the twofo. sary by the legislative enactments in England dur- inconvenience of removal of protection, and prohiben ing the present session, and which are demanded tion of free trade.

“ The like evil is severely felt in the import trade

A MOTHER'S RESIGNATION. of the province, and is exemplified in the article of muscovado sugar, of which our supplies are now

"There are griefs that lie in the heart like treasures. principally derived from the Spanish islands. The

Till Time has changed them to solemn pleasures." navigation laws, on wbich we now animadvert, pre

No, not forgotten! Though the wound has vent our importing foreign commodities in any but

closed, British ships, or ships of the country where the And seldom with thy name I trust my tongue, goods are produced. Now, Spain has little ship-My son' so early lost, and mourned so long; ping, and none suitable for the trade with America, The mother's breast where once thy head reand there are no British vessels to be met with in

posed The Spanish islands. The importer of a cargo of Still keeps ihy image, sacred through long years, sugar to this province is thus compelled to charter An altar, hallowed once with many tears. a British vessel from some distant port, to proceed in ballast, to convey the cargo, for which he pays How oft my heart beats at some idle saying, a freight of, say 45. per cwt., or fully twenty-five Some casual mention of that foreign land. per cent. on the prime cost of the article, whilst Wherein thy grave was dug with hasty hand, there are fleets of American vessels on the spot, which And thy sole requiem was thy mother's praywould convey it at one half that rate. Can he, then

ing; -drawing his supplies of sugar in this circuitous Till o'er the ocean swift-winged memory flies, and expensive method compete in the western To that lone forest where my first-born lies! inarket with the merchant of the United States ? Obviously he cannot; nor need it be matter of sur

Sometimes, when in my other babes I trace prise that the trade, which, under a free system. A momentary likeness unto theewould flow through the St. Lawrence, is thus di- | Thy stile that ever shines in memory, verted to other channels.”

| Thy thoughtful eyes, thy love-illumined face We do not see how a Russell government is to I clasp the wondering child unto my breast, oppose itself to these representations. If we allow And fancy that my arms round thee are prest. the colonies no favor, we have no right to place them at a disadvantage.

.

think

I think of thee, but 't is with grief no longer; They are entitled to a number thee among my children still : real, not a nominal, equality. If our navigation Though parted in the flesh. by God's high will.. laws prevent them from sending or receiving com

I feel my soul's deep love for thee grow modities so cheaply as they inight otherwise do, those laws must be given op. We cannot be un- Like one of old. I glory to have given.

stronger: just to our colonies if we would, because we cannot deprive them of the power of resistance.

" Out of my flock, an angel unto heaven. It is assumed, indeed, that the people of our

Chambers' Journal. colonies care little for financial considerations, and that they are willing to forego all benefits. 'nay. As an instance of the adaptation between the even to incur serious disadvantages, for the honor force of gravity and forces which exist in the of being connected with the British empire. This vegetable world, we may take the positions of theory is flattering to our pride. We may wish it flowers. Some flowers grow with the hollow of to be true, but it will hardly stand the test of ex- their cups upwards; others "hang the pensive amination. The current of experience is against it. I head," and turn the opening downwards. The

It was a point of finance, a mere question of the positions in these cases depend upon the length pocket, that produced the American revolt and the

and flexibility of the stalk which support the war that followed it. The tax was trifling we

flower, or, in the case of the euphorbia, the gerknow; and we quite agree with those who say the men. It is clear that a very slight alteration in Americans fought for a principle more than against the force of gravity, or in the stiffness of the stalk, the duty on tea. But that principle was still a

Sul would entirely alter the position of the flower-cups, financial principle ; it was, that the pecuniary in- and thus make the continuation of the species imterests of the people should not be attacked against possible. We have, therefore, here a little me their will; it was, in short, that they would not chanical contrivance, which would have been frussubmit to be taxed for the benefit of the parent trated if the proper intensity of gravity had nos country.

been assumed in ihe reckoning. An earth, greatThe Canadians, according to present appear- er or smaller, denser or rarer, than the one on ances, are ready to hoist the same banner ; taxa- which we live, would require a change in the tion may take the shape of a navigation law as well structure and strength of the footstalks of all the as of a direct impost; and the Canadians openly little flowers that hang their heads under our declare their repugnance to be taxed for the support hedges. There is something curious in thus conof British shipping. Our colonies were perfectly sidering the whole mass of the earth, from pole to willing to live under a protective system, while it pole, and from circumference to centre, as emsheltered and benefited them. But it is not to be ployed in keeping a snowdrop in the position most expected that they will patiently suffer all its evils suited to the promotion of its vegetable health, while deprived of its benefits. One change must Whewell. be followed by others. In a commercial sense our colonies, since we choose to abolish all differential A STEREOTYPED MIND.-At a public meeting at duties in their favor, must be made independent. Scarborough, the Rev. B. Evans made this strikThe inquiry will not then long be allowed to rest- ing remark :-"1 value not at all the mind that is Of what use is a political dependence that is bar- stereotyped. Give me the sort of mental type that ren of useful results, and is known only by the can be changed when required, that will admit of exercise of a distant, an arbitrary, and a capricious additions and improvements, such as increasing authority?

I light and intelligence demand."

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