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THE WORLD IS NOT SO BAD AS IT IS BELIEVED that town to London. Having settled with the TO BE.*

“ house," therefore, we took up a position in front

of the “Crown,” to be ready to mount the first I VENTURED this observation to my companion coach from Bath. In those days stage-coaches over an excellent breakfast in the travellers' room were in their glory; and several, whose destinaat the Crown Inn, Devizes. He was a veritable tion was the metropolis, changed horses at Devizes “ traveller," arrived late the night before ; but I daily. But, for a reason which I forget, coach had been such by courtesy only, while making after coach came up, and not a place, outside or in, this inn my head-quarters for some preceding days, could be obtained. My friend bore the arrival and devoted to antiquarian researches in the neighbor-departure of the fully-loaded vehicles with true hood. "No," said I, in answer to a remark traveller-like equanimity; but my-yes, I confess which I thought too depreciatory of men in gene-it-my ill-humor grew with every disappointment: ral, “ the world, in my opinion, is not so bad as it and when the last day-coach was gone, and we is believed to be."

were left without another chance until the evening, * The world," replied my new acquaintance, I had so little of the traveller's heart remaining in "I think a very wicked world. It shows its wick-me, as to turn a deaf ear to the suggestion of iny edness by its suspicion. It trusts nobody; and brother in misfortune—that the best way to fill up why? Because it knows it is not worthy to be the time would be by “ dinner and a bottle." To Trusted. And so, as I expect it will place no con- tell the exact truth, I employed the intervening fidence in me, I place no confidence in it. Trust hours in a spiritless inspection of some relics of no man any farther than you can see him ;' that's early Norman architecture possessed by the oldest my maxim.”

church in the place, taking a solitary snack at a I was provoked by this to relate a little “inci- small road-side inn, in preference to a good meal cent of travel," which, occurring to myself not with fair companionship at the “Crown." My above a week before, had proved, to my own satis- conscience smote me for this, when, on returning, faction at any rate, that the world will sometimes I saw my friend already at his post, on the spot we trust those whom it does not know. I had reached had so fruitlessly occupied in the morning. I Salisbury after dark, and all the shops were thought too that his greeting was not quite cordial. clased. Notwithstanding, I presumed to knock But almost immediately the evening coach drove at a bookseller's opposite my inn, and beg to be up; it had room for both outside; and as we sat allowed to purchase a " guide to Old Sarum and together I took an opportunity to say that vexation Stonehenge, as it was my wish to employ an hour at the imagined possibility of being kept another at two in recruiting my knowledge (then wholly night at Devizes, when it was of great consederived from reading) of those interesting antiqni- quence to me to be in London early the next day, ties, the better to enjoy a personal inspection of had rendered me not “i' the vein" for good felthem the next morning. The worthy tradesman lowship. The excuse was accepted ; and our talk was ** out of the guide," but would with pleasure was cheerful until we had passed, as daylight was Lend me a book-a portly volume, and with plates, failing, the great barrow of Silbury, which my which, he assured me, contained all the informa- restored companion seemed interested to learn was tion I required. Surprised, I stated that I was not, as he had always supposed it to be, a rather only at the-naming where the coach had set me considerable natural hill. When informed, howdown-for a night, and should quit in all proba- ever, that this same barrow was a work of the bility soon after daybreak. “That," he said, ancient Britons, and might boast an antiquity of at * need make no difference; you can leave it for least two thousand years, he hoped he should be me at the inn." Even my desire to make a pro- allowed to“ tell that again with some discount." per compensation for the loan was not acceded to, but now a new unpleasantness began to be felt on the delicate ground that, as the books did not by one of us. It was early summer; and, for a *circulate," he, the bookseller, was ignorant of brief week's excursion, I had not thought of an the proper charge. As I told my story, methought equipment adapted to a night-ride through almost the traveller's eyes opened wider ; and when I had frosty air. My friend observed my deficiency; dene, he was so rude as to give the lowest possible and remarking that, as a traveller, he was very whistle. But, apologizing, "I'll believe you," he differently provided for, proposed to invest me with said: “ though it's the strangest way of turning a most capacious box-coat, which, he said, he stock, I ever heard of. Not very likely to make could perfectly well spare, having another topSfty per cent. of his money. Well, people are not coat and a cloak besides. I demurred to the offer, always awake. But I say still, “Trust no man since I should be only the worse off for having say farther than you can see him.'” Long before accepted it when he got down at Reading. “But our conversation had proceeded thus far, we had, I my coat need n't get down at Reading," was his should think, equally arrived at the opinion, that reply; "here's a card of our house in town; you two persons could hardly be more unlike each can forward it when you arrive." The conversaother, in their whole turn of mind and pursuits, tion of the morning flashed through my mind, and than were my companion and myself; he entirely I hardly repressed an exclamation of astonishment. devoted to basiness, and I the rather given to liter- What! the traveller, the man of business, and of ature; he a keen man of the world, and l-an the world, confide a coat that must have cost seven antiquary. But, nevertheless, we got on surpris- or eight pounds, and which, as I had seen in the ingly well together; and our discourse, I am per- daytime, was still in excellent condition, to a suaded, gave a zest mutually to our breakfast. perfect stranger, to one whose name even he did

It appeared that we were going the same road; not know, and as to whose whereabouts “in though he only as far as Reading, and I through town" he made no inquiry! As I donned with

thankfulness the comfortable habiliment, having * From & plensant little volume, entitled Literary first deposited my card with its owner. I could not Marria, by Dr. Thomas Cromwell, consisting of short Jamees la prose and in verse-"the products," according

avoid repeating, “Trust no man any farther than to the author of moments calling for no more important you can see him." "Pooh!" said he ; "safe as oployment, London: J. Chapman. 1846. I the bank at Salisbury." He shook my hand

heartily when he alighted at his destined hos- of the tumult, when they came forth, without any telry; and a nap I soon afterwards obtained in his difficulty, and led them off to prison, taking care to coat was forwarded, I made no doubt, by my often pay them off on the way for their rough treatment murmured repetitions of, “ The world is not so bad of the spy." as it is believed to be."

CORRESPONDENCE. WHERE SHALL I SPEND ETERNITY!--A lady had se

-A lady nad ||Parts of Mr. Walsh's letters from Paris to the National Intel written on a card, and placed it on the top of an

ligencer.) hour-glass in her garden-house, the following sim

13 April ple verse from the poems of J. Clare. It was when PeliGoT, an eminent and very learned chemist, the flowers were in their highest glory.

was delegated by the Paris Chamber of Commerce " To think of summers yet to coine,

to examine the exhibition of manufactures opened That I am not to see!

at Vienna on the 15th May last. He has made an To think a weed is yet to bloom

extensive, impartial, and able report. He repre From dust that I shall be !"

sents Austria as possessing all the material ele

ments of a great industrial power. Within the The next morning she found the following lines,

last thirty years past she has advanced greatly, the in pencil, on the back of the same card. Well

government having attended to the development would it be if all would ponder upon the question of production." The Polytechnic Institute of -act in view of, and make preparations for an un

Vienna is highly extolled. Austria is wedded to known state of existence.

the protective system. On the whole, her fabrics " To think when heaven and earth are fled, are sensibly inferior to those of France, according And times and seasons o'er,

to M. Peligot. When all that can die shall be dead,

'The volume by Amedee Renée, which comThat I must die no more!

pletes Sismondi's History of France, continuing it O! where will then my portion be!

io the convocation of the States-General, in 1789, Where shall I spend eternity ?"

has won the sanction of competent critics. SisBanner.

mondi is charged with having pronounced sentence

under an unfair republican bias, on the monarchs EASTER AT CONSTANTINOPLE.- A correspond- who had done the most for the grandeur and politent of the London Daily News, quoted in the Eng- ical unity of France, and yet having dealt too lish Churchman of May 14th, concludes a descrip- severely with the revolutionary governments. In tion of the Easter services, in a church at Constan- fact, Sismondi was a rigid moralist-a conscientinople, with the following singular picture : tious inquirer and writer. Hence, he spared nei

“The throng was great; yet there was room to ther king nor demagogue. His history does not move about. I was struck by the picturesque reach the revolution ; his ideas of it are merely confusion which prevailed among the crowd, the conjectured from his moral reflections and judgvariety of costumes, and the expressions of the ments, and his essential character. More reliance wearers. I saw nothing in their deportment which is to be placed on his narrative than any other, reminded me that I was in a church, except the prior or subsequent. The twenty-nine volumes are reverent bearing of the poorer and simpler sort, the too much for readers of this day; the plenitude rustic pilgrims who had poured from their wild vil- of the work will prove its misfortune. lages, to be present at the solemnities. The city- Dumas, the first of French chemists, has just people talked about in groups, swaggered up and issued the eighth and last volume of his Chernistry down, climbed up into pulpits, crowded the pulpit- applied to the Arts, and the fourth and last of his stairs, sat, swinging their legs, sheathed in em- Organic Chemistry. Lisfranc's work on La Méde broidered greaves in the window-benches, lounged, cine Operatoire has already been translated into and stared, and fluttered their fustanels, twirled German, English, and Spanish their mustachios, and fired their pistols. I was The Courrier du Havre discusses the British and prepared for this singular custom ; but I cannot French intervention in Rio de la Plata, with facts describe the strange effect which these profane re- and opinions like those of the able writer in your ports had in the midst of all those sacred and sol-Democratic Review. Sir Robert Peel's subterfuges emn symbols of devotion, leaving behind them a are roundly exposed and censured. Due stress is heathenish smell of gunpowder. Now, a fire-arm laid on the danger and insufficiency of the ples would crack off at your ear, now, at a distant cor- that the prolongation of the struggle between Buener of the church. An order had been issued to nos Ayres and Montevideo injured French and prohibit this strange custom. However indecent British trade-as if most wars did not affect comthe practice appears to our notions, it is extremely merce in general. By the same logic, if France ancient, perhaps coeval with the use of gunpowder and England should quarrel and fight, the whole of among the Greeks. They paid accordingly but the rest of the trading nations of the world might comlittle attention to the prohibition. A kavass, how. bine to assail and cripple one or the other, or both. ever, had introduced himself into the church in La Presse of the 4th instant has a long and interdisguise, and marked with a piece of chalk the esting private communication from Rio on the jackets of all he found discharging, or armed with intervention. The Brazilian minister of foreign pistols. This unfortunate being was detected in affairs formally denied to the legislature that he making his chalk signs. A dreadful row instantly had ever contemplated the least coöperation in ensued. He was beaten on the head with pistols, hostilities on Buenos Ayres, or ever anticipated and after getting half killed was kicked out of the them. The Anglo-French intervention was so church. The doors were closed, and no one was unpopular in Brazil that a French newspaper, permitted to enter who did not answer to the salu-established at Rio, barely escaped, through a tation from within, Christ is arisen.' Neither, change of title, ** summary execution" by a mob, indeed, was any force used on the part of the body The correspondent says: "For cotton and tobacco, of kavashes placed outside ; but, at the end of the Paraguay is, in the southern hemisphere, what ceremony, they made prisoners of the ringleaders Louisiana and Texas are in the north. Its crops

may even prove the most considerable. Hence, and Mehemet Ali hardly forgets the dénouement England's projects of colonization in Paraguay, or catastrophe of his reliance on French protecwhich cannot be accomplished unless the navigation before and at the period of the battle. I refer tion of the Parana and its tributaries be free. you to the printed accounts of Ibrahim's imperial What she therefore fears most is competition, either honors and splendid excursions. He eclipses, with political or commercial. You thus may understand his suite, the Moorish magnifico, whose costume her enmity to Rosas, and her measures of violence and retinue delighted the public gaze. Mr. Jomard, w open the interior for her free access. It is a of the Institute, is to accompany me, next week, Inasier stroke to have involved France in the strise on a formal visit to Ibrahim, " the Conqueror;" so -lo render the odium common to them, though the that I shall be able to describe graphically his fruits of the outrages would not be in anything highness, and the sumptuous hospitality of the like an equal measure.” Mr. Brent's protest is government. described as an important document, which had I have gone through the number of La Revue produced a great effect.

des Deux Mondes delivered yesterday. The first

article, on the kingdom of Lahore and the Sikh 25 April.

war, is from a writer of authority (Count Edward An official report states the number of political de Warren) on India affairs. He concludes that refugees in France, last year, to have been twelve the fate of the kingdom is sealed by the terms thousand two huudred and three, of whom seven which the British imposed and can enforce. Nothousand seven hundred and seventy-eight were thing else in La Revue claims immediate notice, supported by the French government. Nearly four except some advices from Mexico recorded in the thousand Poles are included in the latter descrip-political chronicle. Paredes, according to them, tion. About a thousand Poles supported them- was pledged to the support of a monarchy in Mexselves. It may be conjectured that the chief busi- ico. " We have seen,” say the chroniclers, “a ness of the great majority was the prosecution of memorial from Santa Anna to the three courts of schemes of insurrection in the north. The thou- France, Spain, and England, in which he offers to sands of Italians and Spaniards were employed in put himself at the head of an expeditionary army the same way for their respective countries. This to plant monarchy on the Mexican soil. He places is very serious work for the governments north all his influence and resentments at the disposal and south, and naturally causes France to be re- and for the service of a foreign dynasty. He has, garded as the revolutionary furnace.

we know, made overtures to Paredes." You may, Didot advertises at length Mr. Prescott's History I ween, without dread or the least danger, suffer of the Conquest of Mexico, translated into French the Mexicans to try a king, and any European by Amedee Pichot, in three volumes octavo, price dynasty to try the Mexicans. Neither might be eighteen francs : with an account of ancient Mex- envied if the experiment were feasible. ican civilization and a life of Cortes.

5 May. Our exports to Great Britain and her depen

ind her depen. On the subject of Ireland, there is abundance of dencies, observes the Journal des Debats, are double the

the most instructive and impressive information in what they were ten years ago. They now amount

all the discussions on the Coercion bill, in the letto one hundred millions of francs, while the con

ters of the commissioners in Ireland, of the London suinption, in France, of British products does not Morning Chronicle, and the Daily News. I marexceed twenty millions. The British money di

gined for quotation several passages of the letters; rectly spent in France is incalculably more than

but, truly, the details of wretchedness are so harthe French spent on the other side of the channel.

rowing ihat there would be a sort of cruelty in the Our numberless British visiters are not perhaps

act. Distress and Crime, Fever and Famine, placed aware how much of the welcome which they ex

at the head, are weak introductory phrases. The perience even at court is due to the consideration

present Coercion bill is the eighteenth. The Times at kind of shower in which Jupiter descended calls it a strait waistcoat for a people raving into the lap of Danaë.

from starvation. The best part of Sir Robert

2 May. Peel's speech (27th ultimo,) on the measure is this For a fortnight past our heads have swarmed apostrophe : with princes, pachas, marquises, lords, and right! “ I, for my part, think that one of the evilshonorables of every notch. Viscount Palmerston excuse me, I know you distrust the feelings of left us on Tuesday last, surrendering our capital to Englishmen on this subject ; I can only declare for Ibrahim Pacha, whom he beat out of Syria. The myself that I lived for six years in that counViscount made himself the eastern lion, and played try, and that I left it with every feeling of good his part skilfully. His manners and pretensions will for the people of Ireland-excuse me, thereingratiated him with the heads of the government fore, if I say, that one of the evils of the country and the dynastic circles. He entered the chamber is, that you rely too much upon the powers of the of peers with the Duchess Decazes, wife of the executive government. (Loud cries of hear, "grand referendary, most complacently leaning on hear.) You always say the government ought to his arm. Ibrahim Pacha's journey from the Pyr- interfere—the legislature ought to pass this meaenees to this capital was an uninterrupted ovation. sure, or it ought to pass that. Believe me, you Here, he enjoys a royal residence, and a royal wel- have it in your own power; the landlords of Irecome, and feasting such as might seem due only land have it in their own power to effect immenseto the Sublime Porte. The ambassador of the ly more good than the legislature ever can. It is Turk would present himself at the Tuileries sim- my firm belief that if you would meet togetherply as the vassal of his master. At the grand absentee as well as resident proprietors—that if dinner with which Marshal Soult regaled him yes- you would meet together and consider what are terday he gave this toast : “ To France, protectress the real evils of the country, and what are the real of Egypt. The British government will feel no obligations imposed upon you, the landlords, you jealousy nor apprehension. Ibrahim remembers would benefit the country more than the legislature how he was forbidden, on the field of Nezib, by a could do. I speak of your rights; but when you, French express, from marching to Constantinople; armed with the legal powers, turn out the residents on your estates from their houses on a win-independent, her own industry might not have ter night without considering how provision is to prospered ; whether she would have blindly immobe made for them under such dreadful circum-lated it to free-trade; whether her cities, once so stances, what can ensue but misery, ruin, and des- busy and flourishing, would be, as they are, a peration while by the exercise of a little liberale spectacle of decay and ruin? On this point I am ity you would accomplish more than all the mea- struck with the language of Wilson in his history sures the legislature could adopt."

of British India. "The British trade, both export A commentator has well reinarked that in this and import, obtained a considerable augmentation text of Sir Robert Peel, fairly amplified, he finds under the new charter of the company, the modifias strong an argument, as distinct an admission, in cation of the monopoly; articles entirely unknown favor of repeal, or the creation of a separate Irish in the annals of Indian imports were exported legislature as has come from any mouth. The thither from Great Britain to an immense amount, landlords could hold counsel efficaciously for the to the extinction of similar products of domestic people only as part of a deliberative assembly labor. This effect was prepared for by an iniquiequally representing the people, and thus restrain-tous abuse of the power of Great Britain in excluded, enlightened, and assisted, they might perceive ing from her own consumption the principal manuand accomplish the salvation and weal of all parties. factures of India, and in opening the ports of India Some time ago, perusing a cogent editorial article to those of Britain free of charge.” . . of the Morning Chronicle, this paragraph struck You perceive to what the independence of Belme :

gium amounts. If she hold it desirable and proper “We, the people of England, are the real crim- for her to establish a customs union with France, inals. We, by our detestable system of confisca- England and Prussia and Austria peremptorily fortions, and our yet more detestable penal laws, in- bid the bans. If, with the Zoll-Verein, France is tentionally impoverished and degraded the people resolved, pledged, ready, “not to suffer it;" she of Ireland. We fostered the pride and selfishness keeps a close overweening watch. The truth is, of the intruders, whom, after endowing with the that the French cabinet has allowed Belgium maland of the country, we upheld in a demoralizing terial advantages in the commercial convention ; immunity from every check which interest, fear, the policy of keeping her detached relatively from and sympathy impose on the rich of other countries. the German sirens, and binding her by the friendWe planted the seeds of that system of mutual ship of interest to her French cousins, is not the outrage of which the fruits amaze and shock us. only motive. Her worthy king is the son-in-law Ours was the guilt ; ours is the duty of reparation to his majesty Louis Philippe ; the family alliance Our task it must be to remove the causes of mutu must appear to enable Leopold to secure special al outrage, by placing restraints on the oppressions kindness and benefits for his liule realm. In the of one party, and taking away the exciting causes sitting of the 11th instant of the peers, the Marof the other's revenge."

quis of Gabriac delivered quite an original and Such a British acknowledgment has, indeed, a most satisfactory critique of the vulgar notions weight and desert; but is the task practicable by and clamors respecting foreign literary piracy. It any other than domestic Irish agency?

should be translated in extenso, for the instruction

14 May. Jof your petitioners and sticklers for international On Saturday last, in the chamber of peers, the copyright. The marquis contended that the cheap bill from the deputies, respecting modifications of re-printing abroad of French publications was a the tariff, gave rise to an able and important dis signal and manifold demonstrable benefit and tricussion which finished only yesterday.

umph for France. His details of fact and considThe Duke d'Harcourt, a neat orator, fond of erations of argument are curious and conclusive. epigrammatic turns, delivered a set discourse on He exploded the whole delusion of wrong and the excellence of free trade, the beauty and value detriment. of Sir Robert Peel's measures, and the blindness

16 May. or backwardness of the French ministry. He as- At the last two sittings of the deputies the topic sailed the minister of commerce in particular for of the execution of the law modifying negro slave. the prolectionist speech which I heretofore reported ry in the French West Indies fell under debate. to you. The diplomatic tactics of the minister of The minister of marine announced perseverance in foreign affairs rendered it difficult to ascertain his the plan of emancipating the negroes of the public real opioions. Baron Charles Dupin, who best domain within five years. understands the subject, entered the lists on the · I am struck with the annexed language of the side of moderate protection. He would rejoice if London Standard of the 14th of this month : " The the Zoll-Verein could acquire great maritime con- United States would seem to be, of all places in sequence. It was important for France that other the world, the worst adapted for manufacturescontinental nations should be directly interested in abundant land, dear labus, no neighboring market; the liberty of the seas. The Zoll-Verein had a yet the United States are making rapid progress right to complain of the illiberality of Holland. in manufactures, and it is a remarkable fact--not, Now that the former had opened a passage and we believe, as generally known as it ought to be issue through Belgium for German products, the that nearly all the recent mechanical contrivances Dutch would be more reasonable concerning the introduced into our factories, for dispensing with route of the Rhine. He, the baron, would be glad human labor, are of American invention; proof to hear of ocean vessels built at Cologne, and that, where money or credit can be had, a dense reaching the seas below Rotterdam. The Zoll- | population is not, as has been supposed, necesVerein would, ere long, count thirty millions of sary for the advancement of manufactures." population. Some weight in the scale of neutral American ingenuity is so superior, intrepid, and rights. The baron enlarged on the case of India, various that a repressive, and baffling policy, or whose cotton fabrics England long protected, but any other than one of encouragement and scope, finally and utterly sacrificed to her own manufac- would seem against the favor of Providence and tures. He asked whether, if India had remained the march of destiny.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 113.-11 JULY, 1846.

From the N. Y. Albion. to put such a tax on quicksilver, so long will the RECOLLECTIONS OF MEXICO.

precious metals bear a very enhanced cost in pro

ducing them. The monopoly then, it is clear, is GENERAL Waddy Thompson, lately the Ameri not strictly with the Rothschilds, but with the can plenipotentiary to the republic of Mexico, has Spanish government. Mr. Thompson adduces the just given to the world his recollections of that following figures. beautiful and interesting country. It is an octavo | Baron Humboldt gives the gross produce of the volume, published by Messrs. Wiley and Putnam, mines of Mexico from 1690 to 1803 as $ 1,358,and issued in London and New York.

452,020, or about twelve millions per annum. We do not know when we have been more in-! The highest product was in 1796, when the terested than while perusing this volume. It is mines yielded $ 25,644,566. written without effort or pretension, bearing marks Mr. Ward states the annual produce for a few of being struck off with true Virginian impulse, years prior to 1810 at per annum $ 24,000,000. rather than finished with elaborate authorship ; During the revolutionary struggle the produce but its interest is nevertheless kept up through fell to three millions annually. In 1842 the offievery chapter, and the author has contrived to cial custom house returns give $ 18,500,000. throw a great deal of popular information into its As there is an export duty of six per cent. on pages. Nor is this all ; Mr. Thompson writes in a all the precious metals, much is sent out of the free and liberal spirit; gives much credit to the country clandestinely, say some three or four milMexicans as a people, and portrays their magnifi- lions; thus bringing up the whole amount to, or cent country in favorable colors. He is remarka- nearly so, its original standard. bly proud of his own race, and religiously be- It is gratifying to learn that the Mexicans are lieves that tbe Anglo-Saxons are destined to not so irretrievably sunk in ignorance as many conquer the whole continent with their civiliza- suppose. Mr. Thompson says that during his restion. He entered freely into the society of the idence at the capital he never had a Mexican British merchants he found in the capital of Mexi- servant that was not able to read and write. Perco, and disabused his mind of the pernicious notion sons from the country, too, were generally able to that England was anxious to acquire any part of read the signs over the shops in the streets of Mexthe dominions of that republic. He has wisdom ico. The Lancasterian system, it seems, has enough to see that England has territory in abun- been very generally introduced, and is working a dance-that her object is to improve what she al- favorable change in the rising generation. Mr. ready possesses, rather than to acquire more. Thompson attributes the introduction of these Trade and commerce she cherishes--these are her schools to the patriotic exertions of Signor Tor: compass and polar star-and they will assuredly nel. Let us hope that good fruit will by-and-bye lead her to the haven of prosperity. Like every grow from this seed; that the people may become Virginian gentleman we have ever met with, enlightened and duly sensible of their own advanMr. Thompson glories in his English ancestry. “I tages ; that party feuds be superseded by true would not sell," he says, “ for the seas' worth my patriotism, and thus an end be put to those freshare of the glory of my English ancestry-Milton, quent and deadly civil contests that distract the Shakspeare, and John Hampden, and those noble mind and tear the bosom of the country. old barons who met King John at Runnymede." We have given among other extracts the entire Thus much for the author; and we need not tell chapter on California ; and Mr. Thompson affirms our readers how delightful it is to travel over that such is the value of that country that he would three hundred pages with such a companion. rather have twenty years' war than see England in

Mr. T. assumes that the produce of precious possession of it! If it be worth twenty years' war metals from the mines are as great, or nearly so, to the United States it may be worth twenty years' as at any former period. This we did not think war to England. Would it not be better, then, that was the case. We agree with him, however, in neither should have it, or that it become independbelieving that they are far less profitable, owing to ent? Or would it not be better still, that both Engthe expensive nature of the machinery now employ land and the United States make an effort to preserve ed by the English miners, and also in consequence the country to its proper owner, Mexico ; and of the high price of quicksilver. The dearness of that Mexico in return for such assistance make all this latter article is, as Mr. Thompson describes, the valuable harbors free ports ? This seems to us owing to the monopoly of the Rothschilds, who to be the more rational mode of dealing with such rent the mines of Almadin, in old Spain. From a bone of contention, and we feel pretty confident the mines of Almadin come nine tenths of all the that the European powers will so consider it. quicksilver of commerce; and these mines are But although Mr. Thompson is thus anxious that farmed out by the cabinet of Madrid to the capital- California should not pass to another power, he by jsts just named at an enormous rental, which is, of no means betrays any improper craving for Mexicourse, put on the selling price of the commodity, can territory, for he closes his twenty-first chapter Not only does this circumstance add to the cost of with the following honorable and noble-minded producing the gold and silver, but it lessens the paragraph. quantity prepared for the mint- the less valuable " It is risking very little to say that if Mexico was ores being cast aside as not being worth the inhabited by our race, that the produce of the quicksilver employed to separate the metallic por- mines would be at least five times as great as it tion of the mass. So long, then, as the necessi- now is. There is not a mine which would not be ties or the policy of the Spanish cabinet continue / worked, and as many more new ones discovered.

CIIII. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 4

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