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when he could report that “ Mrs. Hill and the have an utter repugnance to say returned home children were all quite well." Death-death-that name is applicable no longer. You may be and death again, inasmuch as it could not render sure I am grateful for your kind sympathy and sug. him more serious than before, at length quelled his gestions of consolation; not the less so for its being intellect: not that he became imbecile; but, as to too true, that there is a weight on the heart which its vivacity, his mind bled out at these open wounds. the most friendly human hand cannot remove. This imperfect notice, and we are not qualified to The melancholy fact is, that my beloved, inestimscomplete it, may perhaps serve to engage the ble companion, has left me. It comes upon me reader's attention the more for this portion of the in evidence, how varied and sad ! .and yet, for a correspondence. The letters themselves are not moment, sometimes, I feel as if I could not realize on the whole, we must admit, such as a man of it as true. There is something that seems to say, Foster's intelligence might be expected to address Can it be that I shall see her no more that I shall to a friend, like Josiah Hill. Some of them are still, one day after another, find she is not here, prosing-many are too lugubrious; and yet all that her affectionate voice and look will never se indicate a sincere and serious piety, and a thor- cost me; the kind grasp of her hand never more be oughly cordial temper, as a friend. But it is evi- felt; that when I would be glad to consult ber, dent that, with his heavily burdened animal system, make an observation to her, address to her sotne his want of elasticity and cheeriness, he needed all expression of love, call her“ my dear wife," as I the stimulus of “ going to press” to put his facul. have done so many thousand times; it will be in ties fully in movement. The dreaded and long vain—she is not here? Several times a consideraprocrastinated labor of writing, even to a highly ble number-even since I followed her to the tomb, intellectual friend, brought with it far more of the a momentary suggestion of thought has been, as oppressive sense of a painful duty to be acquitted, one and another circumstance has occurred, " I will than it did of easy pleasurable excitement. And tell Maria of this.” Even this very day, when I hence it is that a large proportion of the “Corre-parted with Dr. Stenson, who, out of pare kindspondence," while it will be read with a vivid ness, accompanied me a long stage on the road, pleasure by those who have already become inti- there was actually, for a transient instant, a lapse mate with Foster as the essayist, and the Eclectic of mind into the idea of telling her how very kied reviewer, will seem flat or vapid to those who have he had been. I have not suffered, nor expect to no such preöccupation of the mind in his favor. feel any overwhelming emotions, any violent ex
He protests, indeed, (vol. ii., p. 53,) that letter cesses of grief; what I expect to feel is, a long writing did not cost him the painful toil, the utter repetition of pensive monitions of my irreparable misery, which, in “ninety-nine cases out of a hun- loss; that the painful truth will speak itself to me dred," attended his literary occupations. But if again, and still again, in long succession ; often in he did not, in these instances, ondergo so much solitary reflection, in which I feel the most,) and torture, it was because he made no effort to pro- often as objects come in my sight, or circumstances voke his sluggish faculties; and the consequence arise, which have some association with her w bo is is, that these letters-read with no reference to the gone. The things which belonged to ber with a author, do but incidentally betray the secret that personal appropriation ; things which she osed or the writer was so distinguished an author. And particularly valued ; things which she had given if, when no special circumstance relating to him- me, or I had given her; her letters or my own to self, or to his friend, roused his mind to action, he her; the corner of the chamber where I know she is often dull-when some such circumstance-a used to pray; her absence-unalterable absence at death, for instance, of one dear to his friend, or to the hour of family worship, of social reading, of himself, did awaken and powerfully move him, it the domestic table; her no more being in her place was not his intellect but his heart that was stirred to receive me on my return home from occasional it was not the author, but the man, that then took absence ; the thought of what she would have said, up the pen. Everything in Foster's nature was so or how she would have acted, on subjects or occathoroughly genuine, and he so absolutely the crea- sions that come in question ; the remembranee how ture of his moral instincts, that to have written a she did speak or act in similar instances--all such letter, on a sorrowful occasion, bright with mind, things as these will renew the pensive emotions, and such as would read well in a book, was what and tell me still again what I have lost-what that he was no more likely to do than he was to dance was, and how great its value, wbich the sovereign at a funeral. His consolatory letters to his friends, Disposer has, in his unerring wisdom, taken awar. as well as those announcing to them his own do- Yes; it is He that has taken away what it was He mestic griefs, might easily be matched in the fam: that gave me, and what was so dear and valuable ily records of many a private circle. Many a man, to me; and I would not, I think I do not, rebel and many a woman, who could not have written against his dispensation ; I would not even repise one page of what Foster has printed, has, under or complain beyond that degree which he will re the stimulus of sorrow, written what he, in sorrow, I gard with a merciful compassion. I should, and could never have approached; for, in sorrow, his would be, thankful for having been indulged with mind, accustomed to obey an impulse altogether of the possession so long. Certainly, neither of us another order, woke not up-acted not at all :-his would, if such an exception mighi be made to an mind-the author-mind, knew too well its subordi- eternal law, recall our dear departed companions nation to the soul, to dare to intrude ever upon the from their possession of that triumph over sin, and sacred seasons of deep emotion. The tenderness sorrow, and death, to which they have been exaltof his affections lulled, on such occasions, both im-ed. However great our deprivation, how transcendagination and reason.
ently greater is their advancement in the condition " On Foster's return to Stapleton he wrote im- of existence! And we should be unworthy to be mediately to Mr. Hill, with whom his friendship loved by them still, as I trust that, even at this had acquired a deeper and melancholy interest, / very hour, we are, if we could for a moment enter from the striking coincidences in their domestic tain such a wish.'"-Vol. ii., p. 209. trials. I have returned hither,' he says, but The ruling idea in Foster's mind, as a religious
man-the centre towards which his thoughts re- she of God and the Saviour of the world-how does verted, was the condition of the soul immediately she review and estimate the course of discipline on its quitting the body. Religious men, of a through which she had been prepared for the happy thoughtful iurn, and of a higher and more elastic state where she finds herself-in what manner does animal temperament, look onward to that bright she look back on death, which she has so recently immortality wherein, and under happier auspices, passed through-and does she plainly understand the spirit incarnate is to set forward anew upon the the nature of a phenomenon so awfully mysterious high way of action, acquisition, service. Foster's to the view of mortals? How does she remember meditative wing faltered as if in front of the preci- and feel respecting us, respecting me? Is she aspitous bulwarks of Paradise-not daring to soar to-sociated with the spirits of her departed son, and ward the empyreal noon. We read this sort of two children who died in infancy? Does she infeeling always when his imagination would go for- dulge with delight a confident anticipation that we ward toward eternity, in such passages as the fol- shall, after a while, be added to her society? If lowing:
she should think of it as, with respect to some of “ Any view of eternity is overwhelming to us, many years, possibly, before such an event, thought, but peculiarly to the thought that we, does that appear a long time in prospect, or has that this very soul shall exist forever. Sometimes, she begun to account of duration according to the even apart from the idea of retribution, it seems al- great laws of eternity? Earnest imaginings and most fearful. How can I sustain an endless ex- questionings like these arise without end ; and still, istence? How can I prolong sentiment and action still, there is no answer, no revelation. The mind forever and ever? What may or can become of me comes again and again up close to the thick black in so stupendous a predicament? What an accu-veil ; but there is no perforation, no glimpse. She mulation of miracles to preserve my faculties, my that loved me, and I trust loves me still, will not, being, from becoming exhausted and extinct!' How cannot, must not answer me. I can only imagine can there be an undecaying, ever new, and fresh her to say, Come and see ; serve our God so that vitality and animation, to go powerfully along with you shall come and share, at no distant time.'”an infinite series of objects, changes, excitements, Vol. ii., p. 230. activities?”'_Vol. ii., p. 376.
“ The deep interest of the subject has led me to But although melancholic enough in tempera- think more, and to read a little more, concerning ment, he was far too much the intellectualist, and that mysterious hades. How strange that Revelatoo devout, in a scriptural sense, to stop short at tion itself has kept it so completely veiled. Many the grave: he was no moping frequenter of church- things in that economy probably could not be mado yards; he did not haunt charnel-houses; he did intelligible to us in this our grossly material condinot gather wise saws from the sexton's lips. The tion; but there are many questions which could be strong tendency of his mind toward actuality led distinctly and intelligibly answered. How striking him to lay hold of that which was the nearest; to consider that those who were so lately, with us, that condition of the soul which those who had re- asking those questions in vain, have now the percently left him, and who were vividly present to fect experimental knowledge. I can image the his feelings, had now undergone. The state of very look with which my departed Maria would the dead was his recurrent theme—the home of his sometimes talk or muse on this subject. The mysmeditations, from the first to the last, as when, in tery, the frustration of our inquisitiveness, was prospect of his own dissolution, believed to be not equal to us both. What a stupendous difference very remote, and on hearing of the death of a now! And in her present grand advantage she friend, he exclaimed :-" They don't come to tell knows with what augmented interest of solemn us," (the secrets of the invisible world,) and then, and affectionate inquisitiveness my thoughts will after a short silence, emphatically striking his hand be still directed, and in vain, to the subject. But upon the table, he added, with a look of intense se she knows why it is proper that I should for a riousness, “ But we shall know some time." while continue still in the dark-should share no
Very many passages might be cited from these part of her new and marvellous revelation." - Vol. volumes, bearing upon this one subject, and in ii., p. 238. which, with not much variety of thought, the one A very remarkable letter, addressed to his friend feeling of baffled and astounded curiosity is ex- Hughes, of whose nearly approaching end he had pressed. A letter also, or essay, “ On the Inter- been informed, contains the following passages :mediate State,” expounds the same feeling, and “But oh ! my dear friend, whither is it that serves rather to state forcibly the supposed difficul- you are going? Where is it that you will be in a ty connected with our utter ignorance of the world few short weeks or days hence? I have affecting of souls, than to throw light upon the general sub-cause to think and to wonder concerning that unject, considered as an article of Christian belief. seen world ; to desire, were it permitted to mor
The death of his wife-not his wise merely, buttals, one glimpse of that mysterious economy, to his soul's companion and intimate, naturally gave ask innumerable questions to which there is no a deep intensity to his customary meditations on answer—what is the manner of existence-of emthis ground.
ployment—of society of remembrance-of ano Can it be-how is it—what is it—that we are iicipation of all the surrounding revelations to our now not inhabitants of the same world that each departed friends? How striking to think, that has to think of the other as in a perfectly differ- she, so long and so recently with me here, so beent economy of existence? Whither is she gone- loved, but now so totally withdrawn and absent, in what manner does she consciously realize to her that she experimentally knows all that I am in self the astonishing change-how does she look at vain inquiring! herself as no longer inhabiting a mortal tabernacle "And a little while hence, you, my friend, will -in what manner does she recollect her state as be an object of the same solemn meditations and only a few weeks since-in what manner does she wandering inquiries. It is most striking to conthink, and feel, and act, and communicate with sider to realize the idea that you, to whom I am other spiritual beings-what manner of vision has addressing these lines, who continue yet among mortals, who are on this side of the awful and ancholic animal temperament-and his deep and mysterious veil—that you will be in the midst of reverential piety, might, better than any one else, these grand realities, beholding the marvellous who has become known to the world in modern manifestation, amazed and transported at your new times, be taken and regarded as a type of the and happy condition of existence, while your MEDITATIVE SPIRIT. His mind was so fashioned friends are feeling the pensiveness of your absolute as to fit it for reflecting, in portentous outline and and final absence, and thinking how, but just now, lurid color, the lot and fate of man, as severed as it were, you were with them."-Vol. ii., p. from the favor of his Maker, and yet as pot re211.
| leased from his eternal obligations to sovereiga " It does always appear to me very unaccounta- justice. ble (among, indeed, so many other inexplicable That special mond of mind which we here inthings,) that the state of the soul after death, tend, and which, as we think, Foster so signally should be so completely veiled from our serious realized, should, were there any practical purpose inquisitiveness. That in some sepse it is proper in view, be distinguished from those conditions of that it should be so, needs not be said. But is not the mind with which it might perhaps be conthe sense in which it is so, the same sense in which founded. Foster's mood, then, was not that of it is proper there should be punitive circumstances, the mystic, whose mental structure must include privations, and inflictions, in this our sinful state? more of the abstractive faculty than he possessed, For one knows not how to believe, that some rev-|(who was in fact wanting in this power,) and far elation of that next stage of our existence would less vividness of the moral instincts. With the not be more influential to a right procedure in this mystic-and this is his criterion-moral sensibility first, than such an absolute unknown. It is true, -heart-power, is either originally deficient, or it that a profound darkness, which we know we are has become paralyzed. Foster again and again, destined ere long to enter, and soon to find our- and in the most impassioned manner, says, "take selves in amazing light, is a striking object of away the atonement and I am utterly wretched." contemplation. But the mind still, again and But the mystic, although the doctrine of the atoneagain, falls back from it, disappointed and unin- ment may find a place in his written creed, is liule structed, for want of some defined forms of reality conscious of its presence, nor does he much need to seize, retain, and permanently occupy it. In it; his soul does not turn upon that pirot; he has default of revelation, we have to frame our con- made his way, by dint of contemplation, so far jectures on some principle of analogy which is within the orb of the Deity, that he does not think itself arbitrary, and without any means of bring- of a mediator, or desire a way of reconciliation ing it to the test of reason.
and of access to God. Besides, the mystic is of * * * * * It is a subject profoundly inter- too calm a mood to trouble himself with the ills esting to myself; my own advance into the even that are affecting his fellow-men ; it is not he who ing of life is enough to make it so; and then the kindles into tempestuous indignation at the hearing recent events! You have your own special re- of injustice, misrule, hypocrisy; he could never membrances, though, as to the several objects, annoy us, as Foster so often does, by the utterance going to a considerable time back, I have one most of intemperate denunciations, or by uncharitable interesting recent object : and there are-were | violences of language. The mystic makes himHall, Anderson, Hughes; where and what are self as happy in his airy region, as is the insect they now? at this very instant how existing, how that takes its circuit, high in the bright sunshine, employed ?"'-Vol. ii., p. 248.
over a battle field, or a city smote with pestiTo the allied subjects-that is to say, to subjects lence. that are allied, either by some real connection ex- Nor was Foster's mood (if we are free to speak isting between them, or by the homogeneity of the of it without reserve) that of more happily confeelings they excite—there are very frequent stituted Christian minds. Devout as he was, and allusions in Foster's letters. In truth, a sort of eminently serious and energetic too, as to his setmonotonous pensiveness—the mood into which tled belief-his morbid instinct, and his gloomy one unconsciously falls while listening to the con- imagination, stood between him and that " light tinuous tolling of the funeral bell-coming across and peace” which, notwithstanding the state of a silent valley, in a summer's evening, prevails the world, belongs to, and distinguishes, the gefthroughout. The brevity of life; the decay of uine Christian temper. Paul, assuredly, was as the body; (and Foster begins to call himself an much alive, as a good man ought to be, to the conold man as early as possible, and a broken man dition of his fellow-men ; nor was he, either in a while he was apparently in firm health ;) the mystical, or in a secular sense, of an abstracted death of friends; the shifting of all earthly inter- and insensitive temper; and yet his epistles do ests; the solemnities of the future life-these are not contain a line indicative of a mood of mind the staple of his letters varied by references, more resembling Foster's. One feels, even when not or less formal, to the sad condition of the moral able to detect the sophism precisely, that there is, world—the hopelessness of any remedial means, and must be, a capital fallacy somewhere, in his and to those weighty and insoluble problems which line of reasoning; there must be, for the whole have ever been the burden of reflecting spirits, re- tenor of the apostolic writings implies the very lating to the position and the destinies of the human contrary to his conclusions. If space permitted family, and its relationship to the justice, the wis- we could exemplify this discordance in several redom, the power, the goodness of God. Politics markable instances. A fellow traveller, some also, and literature, take their turns; nevertheless to times, who has unluckily chanced to get off the (whatever topics he may divert, in his converse road, is seen making great strides in the night with his friends, or when writing for the press, direction, but yet over ground so rugged and imthese were his own themes; these the constitution practicable, that though he does keep abreast of al material of his thoughts : and he himself, with the company, one expects to see him fall exhausted his high and over-wrought moral sensibility-his at every step. Such a feeling attends the perusal rich, vivid, and awe-struck imagination-his mel- of Foster's letters.
Nor is Foster to be numbered among metaphysic Almighty wisdom and beneficence. But, now, reasoners ; for neither the limit of his faculty, nor let us impart culture to this being; and with culhis moral tastes, would have allowed him to grasp ture, so improve his condition, as to allow him pure abstractions, or to pursue the interminable leisure-leisure to ponder his lot, and to ask himtrack of those who have attempted to solve the self whether he be happy or miserable ; and then problems of the moral world, by an analysis of he will begin to think himself-if not miserable, primary ideas. The Theodicea was not his book; yet far less happy than he might bé, and ought to Leibnitz was not his master, any more than Male- be. And if his position be subordinate-if his branche, or Clarke, or Jonathan Edwards. He well-being is dependent upon the will of those frankly acknowledges, more than once or twice, who are, or who seem to be, more blessed than himthat he found the greatest difficulty in attempting self, and then we go on to cherish in him the to prosecute any purely abstract course of thought. moral instincts-to quicken those sensibilities that
It can scarcely be necessary to say, that Fos- kindle, and are again kindled by the imagination. ter's pensive musings had no alliance whatever Do this, and the man resents his fortunes-his with the inquiries, with the deductions, or with bosom heaves with pride-he challenges his masthe hypotheses that belong to Science-to philoso- ter to establish his right of domination, and he phy, properly so called. While he pays respect, revolves the purpose, and contrives the means of as so intelligent a man would be sure to do, to liberty. Still farther, call up the affections, give science, he does not conceal the fact that his ac- him social excitements, refine his good-will, talk quaintance with its processes or deductions was to him of the well-being of those whom he has superficial ; nor does he anywhere himself attempt never seen, wake up that mighty force of the to follow out a course of reasoning in a scientific human soul-the faculty of moral abstraction mode.
school him in the science of rights, of duties, of But, though neither mystic, metaphysician, nor privileges :-thus train him, and teach him, too, philosopher, we claim Foster as a clearly defined io think himself immortal; thus make him a type of the MEDITATIVE MOOD ; and he is so, not thousand times more than he was at the first; and far in any vague sense, but in a special manner, as happier too, in any genuine and worthy sense of related to the progress of the human mind, and its the word, and then he will have learned to believe recent development. He is the meditative man of himself wronged and unhappy ;-he will have this present epoch :-he represents the passing exchanged brute hilarity for a painful sensitiveness crisis of that economy whereto he actually be- toward innumerable ills, and for a moody petulongs. His intense moral sensitiveness, the refine-lance, ever questioning the heavens, and askingment of his notions on ethical questions—a refine- “ Hast thou made all men in vain ?" ment bordering always upon sophistication and Christianity and philosophy exerting their influextravagance, and, especially, that reflective habit, ence upon the human family, first severally and which brings before the mind-ever and again, then conjointly, and continuing to act upon each and with a painful sense of its being an urgent other, so as to enhance the influence of each ; reality-the actual condition, and the destiny of Christianity and philosophy thus quickening and the human family—these elements of Foster's in- refining the human spirit, have done, and are tellectual life are not simply his; for they mark doing for civilized communities that which we the ripening and development of christianized civ- have just now imagined to be done for the indiilization at ihis moment. Remarkable men, it is vidual man. And now at length, that is to say, often said, represent, as well as mould their times : within these “ last days," the reflective mood, Foster represents, quite as much as he has mould under its various phases-political and religious, ed his.
threatens all institutions, convulses nations, perMany pages would barely suffice to convey, even plexes philosophy, and almost endangers Christiin outline, an idea of what we have here in view, anity itself. namely, the rise and progress of that REFLECTIVE And yet how wonderfully are the forces of the MOOD which makes the lot or fate of man on earth, moral world held in equipoise amid perpetual and his future destiny, ils object and its burden. We movements !-even as the planetary masses are must entirely resist the temptation to enter upon a preserved in equilibrio while all are running their theme so copious, so fertile, so wide in its range, circuits ! Those excitements of the reflective so momentous in its bearings upon the future his-mood which now seem to be giving it a dangerous tory of the human mind. We must not dare even intensity, are themselves abated by a reaction that to name the men whose names mark the changing comes on, as if in obedience to some deep law of aspects of this occult history—this recondite pro- nature. Real advances in the social condition of a gression of the intellectual system, from the orien community render men so much the more painfully tal era to the present age--the history of man's sensitive of political ills, and dangerously resentful own feeling concerning his place in the universe, of political wrongs; in consequence, the entire and the treatment he meets with in it. It must fabric of society is threatened ; the course of imhere suffice to remind the thoughtful reader, that provement is therefore necessarily arrested, the what takes place in the development of the char- community falls back on its course, and it awaits acter of an individual, takes place, in its essential another season. And so if we look to Christianity, element, during the development of a race or which in our times has done very much more to community; or indeed of the human family, so refine the sentiments of nations than to reform their far as it is civilized and christianized. The brute morals—which has winged the thoughts of the man-untaught, and occupied wholly with the thoughtful, has lent philosophy an upward imtoils, pains, and sensuous enjoyments of animal pulse, has suffused those gentle sympathies that existence, does not stay to inquire concerning his lead men to consider their fellows even when they own lot, as better or worse than it might be ; much do not love them :-Christianity has taught, it has less concerning the lot of his fellows—his clan or trained, it has driven men to think at large of nation :-least of all, concerning the destiny of “human well-being, of human responsibility, of his species, as dependent upon, and as related to human frailty," and of the individual import of the pains and joys of life, and all this in a manner that for it has only of late come into operation; it is now recoils upon Christianity itself, and leadsmit only now making itself felt; and barely does it has led extensively-to a silent but resentful re-draw upon itself, as yet, any observation, even jection of its own claims !
from the most observant and thoughtful minds. To individuals professing to reject Christianity | And yet what can be of more serious import! Our on such grounds, the question might fairly be pui, space admits of nothing beyond a hasty reference " What is it that has taught you to think Christi- to a subject which might well employ the undianity and its revelation of futurity incredible ?” verted attention of any who may be competent 10 The true answer, although it is an answer which pursue it. we should obtain only from ingenuous bosoms, John Foster, such as he appears in these would be, " It is Christianity itself that has taught volumes, lay prostrate and helpless amid the desous a mode of thinking, and has suffused through lations of the moral universe : he clung to his beour souls a moral instinct, which, to us, renders it, lief as a Christian ; yet, in doing so, he held fast taken as a whole, incredible, or, if not incredible, also to a very dark despondency. But minds more insupportable !"
elastic than his, and less profound too, will leap op It surely would not be a difficult task to prove from the same slough, leaving behind them as well that a scheme of spiritual principles which in any their despondency as their belief. They will go such manner as this operates to expand and to rec- away lightened, just as a ship is lightened, which, tify our notions of First Truths, to purify the in a gale of wind, has thrown overboard, not its moral temperament, and to soften and 10 vivify the ballast only, but its stores of food and water: the instinctive sympathies, and to refine the tastes, as vessel dances now over the billows-and will well as to raise the standard of virtue in a commu- dance-until the crew has perished ! Foster's nity, can itself be nothing but TRUTH. " Can you mood of mind exhibits, in a marked manner, what indeed believe?" we should say to such persons, the last fifty years have been doing for us, under “ Can you deliberately believe a system to be the light-light rather than warmth-of a purified earth-born, and (which if it be not from heaven Christianity. It is not that tendency to unremust involve frauds and errors that are of lower strained speculation and skepticism which is said origin than earth) can you think a system false to attach to Protestantism, and which has had its which is capable of working upon a civilized and course in Germany, that we are now speaking of; instructed community in the way which Christi- but it is a silent influence over the imagination, anity works! Can you give verdict against it, and and over the moral sentiments of a cultured people, say that it is a fraud ?”
which springs from the wide diffusion of the Goe. It is, however, quite beside our present purpose, pel itself; we mean the Gospel freed from corrup as well as wholly superfluous, to attempt an lions, but bereft of power. apology for the Gospel. We have another and a We are, however, accosted—and perhaps anspecial object in view-an object obtruded upon us grily-by the question, " What then! Do you by the consideration of what might be termed intend to say that truth, purely enounced, can Foster's case. This case is of a kind that in- operate to bring about its own rejection ?" Yes, volves deep consequences, and demands, we we are bold to affirm, that it does so, if it be not think, the most serious regard at the present mo- ministered in the plenitude of its forces : it is ment.
doing so now, to an extent little thought of; and It has been usual at all times during the last it will go on doing so, unless those renovations of fifty years, and especially among Protestant the spiritual life come in, which might lodge writers, to expatiate upon the corruptions of Christianity far more firmly, than at present, in the Christianity, such as have attached to Romanism minds of men. in Spain, Italy, and France, as the fertile sources Take a sample of quotations from Foster's of infidelity and atheism. The mass of men, it is letters, such as should fairly represent his habitual said, knowing little or nothing of the religion of views, his ordinary state of mind, and the deep Christ, beyond what priests and monks have gloom that oppressed him through the greater part taught and shown them, have concluded all to be of his course. It may be well to strengthen our an impostare, where so much of profligacy and of argument by a passage or two ;-five times as fraud was apparent. This is quite true, and it is much might be cited. obvious too ; meantime something else-something “I hope, indeed may assume, that you are of a not so obvious, and yet not less momentous, or cheerful temperament; but are you not sometimes less deserving of regard, is also true, namely- invaded by the darkest visions and reflexions, while That the wide suffusion of a purified Christianity casting your view over the scene of human existon the surface of society, and the indirect influence, from the beginning to this hour! To me it ence of the refinement of tastes which thence re-appears a most mysteriously awful economy, opet sults, especially among the cultivated classes, is spread by a Jorid and dreadful shade. I pray for generating infidelity and pantheism among us, the piety to maintain a humble submission of silently, but to a great extent. Popery, with its thought and feeling to the Wise and Righteous barbaric polytheism, its miracles, its cruelties, has Disposer of all existence. But to see a nature probably done, or nearly done its work, as the created in purity, qualified for perfect and endless parent of infidelity. Men of education, through- felicity, but ruined, at the very origin, by a disks out Europe, have at length come to see that Volter devolving fatally on all the race-10 see it in taire's inference, carried over from Popery to the an early age of the world estranged from truth, Gospel, was as incorrect and upphilosophical from the love and fear of its Creator, from that, as it was wicked. German neology has under- therefore, without which existence is a thing to be dug French flippancy ; nor need more be said in deplored-abandoned to all evil, till swept away by confutation of this sophism, for it is obsolete. a deluge-the renovated race revoluing into idolatry
But that other, and more deep-seated source of land iniquity, and spreading downward through perplexity and of unbelief to which we are here ages in darkness, wickedness, and misery adverting, is not obsolete, it has not spent itself; divine dispensation to enlighten and reclaim it,