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" A sad page in my diary-a death has occurred to intercept the slave on his way from Africa to in the house.
America, and to disappoint his owner, but as soon " Mr. - arrived ten days ago, without as he has crossed, we shall not only leave his notice, having journeyed froin Norfolk to London owner in peace but give him our custom for the to consult the first physicians. He had cancerous commerce in which he uses the slave. tumors, pronounced by all incurable. As a last But the bad results would not rest there. Conresort, he performed with difficulty the journey to tinued enforcement of the armed suppression would Malvern, and arrived at the house in a state which tend still further to aggravate the horrors of the rendered it dangerous to move him to lodgings. middle passage. The increased profits of the The doctor instantly pronounced his state beyond trade would of course multiply the vessels engaged the reach of human aid, except in pallialing suf- in it; the traders would also be more than ever fering, and soothing his few remaining days. He stimulated to brave the risk of detection in hope of told Mrs. B- that he could not survive ten days. profit, while the higher profit would allow a wider After four days, Mr. B_ came to the drawing- margin for loss by capture; vessels, therefore, room, and cordially shaking hands with all his would be more readily and more often captured. fellow-patients, thanked God ihat he was safe, and But the incentives to evade detection would be getting well-he was 'sure of it!' His appetite stronger than ever ; swiftness and secrecy would good-he slept well, and was free from all pain. be still more sought, and the miserable freight still The doctor was obliged to tell his afflicted wife more cruelly sacrificed to a water-cutting shape of that this happy change showed no anjelioration the vessel and to concealment. It will be impossiof the actual disease, which was surely proceeding ble to continue the armed suppression much longer, to its fatal termination. When, some days after in the teeth of growing opinion and augmenting this, it was deemed right to tell the patient of his proof of its inefficacy-ils mischievous self-defeat. slate, he was with difficulty made to believe it. It will be abandoned. He had been buoyant with high spirits, and per- / Must the slave-trade, then, be left to its criminal fectly at ease. His relatives then came around career to people America with a race in bondage ? him ; and about the tenth day, (or, as I believe, on We think not. We believe that the ceasing of the the very day predicted,) he has died. The brothers armed intervention will be the first step towards an proposed to remove the remains, but the consider-effectual but peaceful war with agrarian slavery ate patients would not hear of it. They asked if and the slave-trade. How may this come about ? he would have the funeral at early morning ; Dr. The immediate result of the cessation will be, W. would not allow secrecy, and it is to take place that England will no longer be regarded with disin the afternoon."
trust by foreign countries whom she coerces to For the writer's main end, a proof of the effica- ubey her notion of moral necessity. England has cy of the cold-water cure, Mr. Lane's book is of a conscience against trading in slaves, and she not slender value. His own case, we must be per-only abstains, but forces other nations to abstain. mitted to think, proves little or nothing. The Some do not, but merely affect to do so ; and main evil was evidently on the nervous system or while they pretend to obey, they own an increas" the spirits." The best proof of this is, that as ing grudge against the country that compels them soon as his trifling anxiety about the cold-water to so humiliating, inconvenient, and costly a sacriprocess was over, Mr. Lane felt comparatively fice. They do not understand her motives to be well in himself; a result which could not have purely philanthropic, because they are not conscious followed and been maintained in the case of or- of such motives in themselves; they believe her ganic derangement-unless upon the principle of to be actuated by an invidious dog-in-the-manger Goldsmith's quack, whose patients felt an improve- wish to hinder their prosperity, and at all events ment even while the pills were going down the hate her pragmatical tyranny. Ill-will to England throat. From his obvious unacquaintance with is the great substantial product of her armed intermedicine, Mr. Lane's other instances prove noth-vention ; a feeling shared by America, Brazil, ing; he uses terms so generally that they convey Spain, and other great nations. The feeling will no precise meaning ; so that his conclusions are die away when the coercion ceases. not warranted by his premises. He speaks of The slave-employing countries may resort to some old man of eighty, with “ disease of the Africa to fulfil all the demands upon iheir laborheart," who was greatly iinproved. Before such markets. It is not likely that the Southern States a case is worth a rush, we must know in what way of the great American Union would do so, since the “ heart” of the old gentleman was affected, social and political reasons make the citizens of and how its disorder was inferred ; even then, the the Union view the increase of slaves with alarm; case, considering the age and the uncertainty of but Cuba, and possibly Brazil, might take a larger medical inference in obscure diseases, is too near drast of slave-immigrants. The traffic, however, a modern miracle for implicit credit.
would be free; the slaves would be more valuable; and the trader would have no motive to treat
them worse than cattle would be treated; their THE ANTI-SLAVERY THAT MIGHT SUCCEED.
health, therefore, would be an object of care, and
the horrors of the middle passage would cease Free trade in sugar must at first act as an en- with our intervention. couragement of the slave-trade—there is no doubt But if we abstained from restricting the slaveof it. The opening of so important a market as migration, there would be no reason for restricting that of Great Britain will enhance the value of the migration of free blacks. To British subjects slave-grown sugar; the higher value of the article we might forbid slave-trading; by proper regulawill enhance the value of the producers ; and that tions in the West Indies, we might prevent any will enhance the profits of the slave-trade. Our British slave-trading by defeating its object, the armed efforts at suppressing the trade, therefore, individual profit of the trader. But the free miwill be rendered more ridiculous than ever, by the gration would bring to the West Indies, their most crowning inconsistency, that we shall do our best useful population, the Negro. With a free labor
market, where wages have superseded the lash as There have been no such settlements, because an incentive to industry, it is most imperatively there have been no materials for them--a surplus free necessary to have an abundance of laborers: that black population to be spared from the American abundance the West Indies would soon have, and side of the Atlantic. There has, however, althey would then be able to compete with slave- ready been shown the disposition to such a reēmiowning countries in the growth of sugar.
gration : the black emigrants from our principal But to people the West Indies is the one great West Indian colonies have willingly returned as essential to any probable scheme for civilizing the delegates ;” gentlemen of the black race have Negro. The West Indies will for the first time even consented to go, in order to promote an interbe able to set a complete practical example of free course so beneficial to their kind; and an official black labor; of which we have preached the agent at Sierra Leone belonged to the race. merit, though we have shrunk from exemplifying These are solitary instances, but they serve 10 it. The white civilizer cannot penetrate the pes- show that the desired motive and capacity both tilential continent of Africa, to civilize the denizens exist in the African ; both have been exhibited of the soil; but in the West Indies he has the under the influence of a free black emigration 10 African entirely under his own eye, and in the the West Indies, limited as that was. Were the best possible circumstances for the process of civ- West Indies fully peopled, our stations on the ilization. The Negro is at once introduced to a coast of Western Africa would become really fully-civilized society, but one blessed by the too colonies ; although the climate excludes the Anglorare concomitant that industry prospers in it. He Saxon race, Anglo-Saxon influences would take is easily kept in the state of discipline, legal and root, would fructify, and would spread towards the moral, the most conducive to his own welfare. interior. But he is in all respects a free man, and is at once Such is the way in which Africa might be cirintroduced to the practice of free institutions ; even ilized through the West Indies ; such is the Antiattaining the franchise, municipal and political, Slavery enterprise that might succeed.—Spectator, without hinderance. And experience has proved 25th July. that in the West Indies the Negro actually does become a civilized man, with extraordinary facility and rapidity.
From the Spectatot. Show, for the first time completely, that in the
SLAVERY AND TIME. West Indies emancipation really succeeds in a worldly sense-that it is politically safe, and com A GREAT question of time is involved in the promercially profitable and you teach the best possi-ject of the anti-slavery philanthropists, which they ble lesson to slave-owning countries ; une far more seem entirely to overlook. They induced England persuasive than coercion. You show them that to abolish first the slave-trade and then slavery, in ihey may abandon slavery itself, and that therefore her own dominions ; but they did so by convincing they do not need the trade in slaves. Some have her. They have continued their importunity, and already shown a disposition to profit by such a extended it to the request that England should forte lesson, were it humanely and perseveringly read other countries to abolish the slave-trade, and also to them. Brazil has several public men willing slavery, without waiting for conviction. Their and able to read it; Cuba has had its Governor wish has been indulged to a surprising extent, but Valdez; and even the Southern States of the up to this time with no very flattering results; for Union might consent to benefit by an experimental the compulsory style of policy manifestly defeais attempt at solving the great problem that darkens itself, hindering what might be accomplished were their future.
it sought by wiser means. But Africa-how would such a change affect There is such a thing as national consistency. her ? Most momentously. Were the eastern It needs not be confounded with obstinate adherence shore of America fully peopled with a free black to one opinion, for it does not refer to different perirace-were even the West Indies alone so peopled ods. A country, like an individual, may fairly -commercial relations must necessarily increase hold different sentiments at different periods; the with the opposite coast of western Africa. It change being brought about by the legitimate pro must inevitably follow, that free blacks would be cess of conviction. Thus, England has more than much and increasingly era ployed in any commer- once changed her opinion on the subject of West cial relations with Western Africa ; for which Indian slavery, and each change has been a real their race alone is suited by physical constitution. advance towards a wiser and more moral view. The number of free civilized blacks in Africa The consistency of which we speak refers to the would multiply. To state this modest fact alone, different acts of the same country at any one pe. is to imply a social revolution in Africa ; monarchs riod. England violates it at this present time, by in that benighted country could not long remain in tolerating slavery in the soathern states of the a condition lower than menjals in the free set- great American Union, and not in Brazil; for we tlements. If the monarchs did not begin to ad- make fiscal distinctions between the two, where vance in civilization, the menials would soon spec- there is not a trace of moral distinction. In like ulate in the trade of being monarchs. But free manner, we tolerate in Russia what we denounds setilements would multiply, and would be normal in Cuba. It is the same with the slave-trade: we schools for the neighboring races. Civilization, forbid on the Niger and in the West Indian archia true European civilization—once established on pelago what we suffer at Mozambique and in the the continent of Africa, would soon spread by a Bosphorus. beneficent contagion. It is to be remembered that How can a nation speak to the world while the there are no such settlements in Western Africa : practical expression of its views is thus full of conthere are some trading stations ; Sierra Leone is a fusion and contradiction? Countries are not like station for liberated Africans, ill managed, unpros- human individuals, endowed with one single, audiperous ; Liberia is a settlement of transported ble, and unmistakeable voice ; Britannia is not a slaves; but there are no proper colonies.
real person, and cannot rise to her feet and address
the nations in a voice of oneness, Nations must of the slave-trade costs about half a million yearly. speak by their actions; and, to make the discourse The tax on sugar for protecting the West Indies is intelligible, must make their actions have one obvi- estimated at not less than a million and a half. ous and consistent drift. By an opposite system The loss by refusal to trade freely with Brazil, England baffles her own utterance; one part of her Cuba, and other countries, augmented by their repolicy is an answer to the other, and to refute her- taliatory tariffs, must be represented by a still larger self her own actions may be cited. How can she but an unknown amount. The gross loss, therepretend that slavery is an intolerable offence, when fore, is to be counted by millions sterling ; which she makes no single abatement in her amity, com- we should save. mercial or political, with the slave-owning, slave But the fund thus accruing, or even a portion of trading states of the Union ? Brazil may well be-it, might be devoted in a variety of ways to encourlieve that we lie when we say that we will not age the conversion of slave-owning countries to a trade with her on account of her slave-dealing, humaner and wiser policy-devoted to the antisince she is far more humane even on that score slavery agitation by force of example. Sir Robert than nations from whom we withhold no friendly Peel has suggested improvements on the ministerelation. Brazil must guess that we have some rial plan for altering the sugar-duties, and among other motive. If we wish to make her believe them attention to immigration of labor into the what we say, we must shape our utterance to a British sugar colonies : that may best be done by consistent unity ; and if we cannot, by force of extending the sources to other than the present treaties, or of irresistible circumstances in our com- " British possessions" on the western coast of Afmercial and social state, be consistent in our com- rica ; and to do so, with the official aid and superpulsory course against the slave-trade, we must vision that would be desirable, would occasion exadopt some other course in which we can be con- pense. Ingenuity would devise other modes in sistent. As long as we hesitate to do so, we which England could apply the fable of the North achieve nothing but defeat.
Wind and the Sun. Meanwhile, not only would Now, can we suppress either slavery or the the nations be seduced into a more favorable mood, slave-trade by compulsion ? Certainly we cannot, but the example would be relieved of its contraproprio motu. We cannot decree the cessation of dicting and frustrating contingencies, and would be slavery in Brazil, in the United States, in Asia, or furnished forth to shine in the most conspicuous even in Africa ; we cannot suppress the slave-trade manner. In that way England might make free under other flags, by our own edict. To effect labor succeed ; might so display the fact before the either result, we must obtain the assent of the na- world as to make the knowledge of it unequivoca' tion whose institutions we would modify. Can we and inevitable; and at the same time might concil do that by compulsion? Obviously not. We can- iate the stranger to accept conviction, instead of not even attempt it. Where we have extorted a exasperating him obstinately to resist it. reluctant assent from foreign governments to use compulsion over their subjects, we have uniformly Lord John RUSSELL has manfully grappled with failed ; and we have certainly provoked abundant the moral part of the sugar question. In rejoinder odium, exasperation, vindictive desire rather to en- to the replý that the wrong of admitting slave-grown courage than abandon the traffic we denounce. sugar is not to be justified by the other wrongs of
Bat while we engage in this fruitless crusade, adinitting slave-grown coffee, cotton, and tobacco, what a waste is there of precious time! The he denies that these are wrongs, and contends that slavery that we cannot abolish is increasing in its it is not for us in our tariffs to be pronouncing judgnumbers and its geographical limits; the slave-trade ment on the institutions and customs of other naby sea has become more horrible in its details ; and tions. Commerce is the great instrument for securslave-trading for the market of North America has ing the peace of the world, and that instrument is turned into a domestic traffic, quite shut up from impaired by any restrictions, especially of such an our interference. The institution, therefore, is offensive and irritating nature as those founded on growing, and its overthrow is becoming more diffi- hostility to particular usages. How incensed would cult every day; not merely because our hostile ad- the people of England be, if the United States were yances have grievously hindered our proselytism, to forbid commercial intercourse with us on the score but because the mere increase in numbers and ex- of our alleged injustice to Ireland; how exasperated tent renders the practical removal or emancipation Russia would be with us, if we were to refuse to take of an ignorant slave population more and more dif- her tallow and hides because they were the produce ficult through the lapse of time. Certainly, slavery of serf labor. The peace of the world could not makes greater progress than the doctrine of aboli- consist with this international prying and meddling, tion does, and there is no sign yet that the relative and spying out immoralities. We have not adpace of advance has really begun to alter. vanced a jot hy it towards the only object for which
The most hopeful prospect of success lies in a it has been put in practice, the great object of ridprocess of conversion by example. But we cannot ding the world of slavery. It remains 10 be seen speak that example emphatically while we com- whether that end may not be better promoted by plicate it with other processes that are not exam- what improves the harmonies and good understandple: it must be unavailing while we harden the ing between nations. As yet, we have adopted hearts of the nations against us by a hostile com- but a sorry mode of recommending free labor, pulsion. In order, then, to endow with vigor that guarding it with fences implying its inferiority to course which is hopeful, let us abandon that which slave labor. We begin to give fair play to the exis hopeless—call off the hostile band of compulsion, ample when we brave competition, and our efforts and apply our attention, energies, and resources, to induce other nations to copy us will not be weaksolely to the example.
ened by the withdrawal of offensive prohibitions, One immediate result would be a great saving in and the establishment of the closer amity and immoney.
The precise amount cannot be ascer-proved influences which result from the ties of tained. The machinery for the armed suppression commercial interests.-Examiner, 1 Aug.
From the Christian Observer private nor commander, nation nor legislature, in PEACE SOCIETIES; AND ELIKU BURRITT, THE his denunciations of war, under all its forms and LEARNED AMERICAN BLACKSMITH.
for every purpose. If he maintains that it is a
game, “ which, were subjects wise, kings would And so Elihu Burritt is coming across the Atlan- not play at," we doubt not he would impartially tic to make a philanthropic tour in England. And add, “Or presidents either, if citizens were wise. who is Elihu Burritt ? To ask the question “ar- In a recent letter, dated Worcester, Massachusetts, gues oneself unknown;" for who ihat receives May 15, he writes : many letters, and is supposed to have any influ- ' “ It makes my heart sad to say that America ence, has not been showered upon with olive- has entered the field of blood, and perhaps is to ribranches and other anti-war papers, in which the val the British in India, and the French in Algeria. name of Elihu Burritt is as conspicuous as the Our Texas iniquity is bringing forth its first froits of Duke of Wellington's statue is like to be upon the sin. From one aggression after another, our gor. triumphal arch. We are hearty peace men, though ernment has got itself into a condition of war with not Peace-Society men ; we abominate and depre- Mexico, and what is to come of it no human forecate war, though we believe that national defence sight can tell. The sober part of our community is lawful ; just as we should with a good con- and country are taken all aback by this unexpected science knock down, tongs-wise or poker-wise, an war; and the whole whig'press denounces it with assassin who should burst in upon our wife and unsparing severity. It should afford us some conchildren; or as the Quaker on the deck of a ves- solation, that where sin abounds grace much more sel boarded by an enemy, though he would not use abounds to set limits to the wrath of man. lead or steel to repel the invaders, yet thought it “ The peace band here will not be cast down or his duty to thrust as many of them as he could discouraged, though the heathen rage and the overboard into the ocean, with “ Friend, thou hast people imagine a vain thing.' Perhaps the cause no business here.” We are far from undervalu- of peace may ultimately receive vast accessions of ing, as many persons do, the benevolent intentions strength from the thousands converted to its prinof good men on either side of the Atlantic, who ciples hy a new illustration of the sin and folly of are laboring to promote the principles of universal war. We shall redouble our energies and strengthpeace and good will. We honor their motives, en our faith to meet the exigency. We shall though they sometimes injure the cause they plead speak out boldly against all war. I hope something by the manner in which they urge it, and by not may occur to stay the progress of hostilities beallowing that defensive warfare, when it cannot be tween the two countries. I shall send you by next avoided without submitting to aggressive ruffian- steamer, I hope, some returns from the addresses. ism, is justifiable ;-that it is a duty imperative Let us follow peace with all men.' I hope an upon men, patriots, and Christians.
Anti-War League will be formed in the course of Elihu Burritt is without question a remarkable, this year, which shall take in as members and offiand highly estimable, man. His zealous exertions cers men of all nations, kindred, and tongnes, and to suppress slavery, to promote temperance, and to hold its anniversary in London. During my stay blunt the appetite of nations for war, have been in England I intend to solicit attention to this idea. honorable to his character as a philanthropist and I send by Harnden's express 500 Olive Leaves' a Christian ; and his labors have produced a con- for the British press.” siderable effect in his own country, and have elicit. We trust that our worthy republican has not ed many friendly memorials from ours. The thought the worse of England in comparing the man“ Peacc-Advocate” asks :-"Who can estimate ifestoes of Polk and Peel; and when he arrives the influence of Elihu Burritt in calming down the amongiis, he will find, even in the dog-days, that the fiery spirits of America to their present tempera- people of England have no belligerent passions to ture? For surely the writer, who, through the gratify in going to war with his country; and that late tempestuous period, has been pouring his ar-all they ask of her is reason and justice. guments for peace into a million of minds every The history of Mr. Burritt deserves to rank week, sprobably two millions, as it is estimated he among the interesting literary annals of success. has done through his Olive Leaves for the Ameri- fully self-taught men. He was born in New Brit-, can press, may well be supposed to have exercised ain, Connecticut, in the year 1811, of honest and an important influence in the amelioration which respectable parents. He enjoyed the privilege of has taken place.”
attending the district school for some months every We fear that the "cooling down" has not yet ex- year, till he was sixteen years old ; and by his tended in some quarters much below fever point ; diligence and attention to his studies he became and the addition of the word Mexico, to those of well versed in the elementary branches of an Eng. Texas and Oregon, upon the American popular lish education, and by cultivating a taste for readwar-banner, has not evinced that the mind of his ing, he acquired much valuable information. When countrymen is wholly pacific. But this is not his he arrived at the age of sixteen his father died, and fault. We doubt whether all his classical learning he was apprenticed to the trade of a blacksmith , and will dissuade his ardent compatriots from their when the term of his indenture had expired, and cherished notion that Texas, in its political etymol- he had attained his legal majority, he had gained ogy, assuredly means something which behoved to the reputation of being a young man of good moral be woven with the Union, for which purpose they and religious character, and a skilful workınan in might quote Terence and Virgil Telam texere,'' his vocation, and one who cherished an ardent at“ Texamus robore naves ;''-or that the Oregon tachment for books. The Bible was the first book claim is not good Greek for coveting, and stretch- which he thoroughly studied ; and at a very early ing out their hands and reaching after, whatever age, he was familiar with almost every passage in they may think it politically or commercially ex- the Old and New Testaments. He next availed pedient to possess. Our Athenian blacksmith, himself of the opportunity of reading afforded by however, spares them not; he is impartial in his the “ Social Library" in the town in which he censures; he excepts neither gentle nor simple, lived ; and afterwards was dependent on the kiol.
ness of his friends. Before he reached the age of 1 before the public as a rather ostentatious debût on twenty-one he was conversant with the English my part to the world ; and I find myself involved classics, both in prose and poetry, and passed de- in a species of notoriety, not at all in consonance lightfully many of his leisure hours in poring over with my feelings. Those who have been acquaintthe pages of Milton, Young, Thomson, Cowper, ed with my character from my youth up will give Addison, &c. In the winter of the year in which me credit for my sincerity when I say, that it never he attained his majority, he commenced, under the entered my heart to blazon forth any acquisition of direction of a brother-in-law, who was an accom- my own. I had, until the unfortunate denouement plished scholar, the study of mathematics. About which I have mentioned, pursued the even tenor of the same time he entered on the study of the Latin my way unnoticed, even among my brethren and language, for the purpose of reading Virgil in the kindred. None of them ever thought that I had original. He soon after turned his attention to any particular genius, as it is called ; I never French, which he mastered with wonderful facili- thought so myself
. All that I have accomplished, ry. He then acquired the Spanish, and afterwards or expect or hope to accomplish, has been and will the Greek and German languages. During two be by that plodding, patient, persevering process winters he devoted nearly all his time to study, of accretion which builds the ant-heap-particle but he was occupied a large portion of his time by particle-thought by thought-fact by fact. during spring and summer in working at his trade And if I ever was actuated by ambition, its highas a blacksmith, and in this exemplary way ac- est and farthest aspiration reached no farther than quiring the means of subsistence.
the hope to set before the young men of my counWhen about twenty-three years old, he accepted try an example in employing those fragments of an invitation “ to teach a grammar-school," but time called odd moments. And, sir, I should esthis employment did not suit his convenience or teem it an honor of costlier water than the tiara his inclination. He was then engaged for a year encircling a monarch's brow, if my future activity or two as an agent for a manufacturing company, and attainments should encourage American workwhen he returned to his anvil, and has since been ing men to be proud and jealous of the credentials industriously engaged in the occupation of a black which God has given them to every eminence and smith, to which he was apprenticed in his youth ; | immunity in the empire of mind. These are the but he devotes all his leisure hours to literary pur- views and sentiments with which I have sat suits. After having mastered the Hebrew, Greek, down night by night, for years, with blistered and Latin languages, and all the languages of hands and brightening hopes, to studies which I modern Europe, he turned his attention to Oriental hoped might be serviceable to that class of the literature, and in order to avail himself of the facil community to which I am proud to belong. This ities afforded by the valuable library of the Ameri- is my ambition. This is the goal of my aspiracan Antiquarian Society at Worcester, he removed tions. But, not only the prize, but the whole to that place, where he has ever since resided, and course lies before me, perhaps beyond my reach. been regarded as a useful and exemplary citizen. I count myself not yet to have attained to anyHe has become a proficient in the most difficult thing worthy of public notice or private mention ; languages of Asia, and in many of those languages what I may do is for Providence to determine. in Europe which are now nearly disused and obso “ As you expressed a desire in your letter for lete_among them are Gaelic, Welsh, Celtic, Sax- some account of my past and present pursuits, I on, Gothic, Icelandic, Russian, Sclavonic, Arme- shall hope to gratify you on this point, and also nian, Chaldaic, Syriac, Arabic, Ethiopic, Sanscrit, rectify a misapprehension which you with many and Tamul. It was stated, in a public meeting, others may have entertained of my acquirements. in 1838, by Governor Everett, that Mr. Burritt by With regard to my attention to the languages, a that time, by his unaided industry alone, had made study of which I am not so fond as of mathematics, himself acquainted with fifty languages. Mr. Bur. I have tried, by a kind of practical and philosophiritt shows no disposition to relax from his labors. cal process, to contract such a familiar acquaintHe usually devotes eight hours to labor, eight ance with the head of a family of languages, as to hours to study, and eight hours to physical indul- introduce me to the other members of the same gence and repose ; and, by pursuing this course, he family. Thus, studying the Hebrew very critienjoys the advantages—vainly coveted by many cally, I became readily acquainted with its cognate literary men-connected with " a sound mind in a languages, among the principal of which are the healthy body.” Nor does he confine his labors Syriac, Chaldaic, Arabic, Samaritan, Ethiopic, to the mere acquisition of literary wealth—he also &c. The languages of Europe occupied my atdiffuses it with a liberal hand. He has written tention immediately after I had finished my clasmany valuable articles for periodical publications ; sics ; and I studied French, Spanish, Italian, and he has delivered many lectures which have been German, under native teachers. Afterwards, 1 replete with interest and valuable information ; pursued the Portuguese, Flemish, Danish, Swedand has been repeatedly listened to by large and ish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Welsh, Gaelic, Celtic. highly respectable audiences, in New York, Phil- I then ventured on further east into the Russian adelphia, and other places, with edification and de- empire ; and the Sclavonic opened to me about a light. He has not yet reached the meridian of dozen of the languages spoken in that vast domain, life, and it is to be hoped that many years of use between which the affinity is as marked as that fulness are still before him.
between the Spanish and Portuguese. Besides The following extract from a letter written by those, I have attended to many different European nim in 1839, to Dr. Nelson, a gentleman who had dialects still in vogue. I am now trying to push taken some interest in his history, displays the on eastward as fast as my means will permit, simple, unassuming, earnest character of the man, hoping to discover still farther analogies among the in a very interesting point of view.
oriental languages, which will assist my pro“An accidental allusion to my history and gress.” pursuits, which I made unthinkingly, in a letter to Mr. Burritt speaks in glowing words of the a friend, was, to my unspeakable surprise, brought | blessings in store for the world from the united