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of the workmen of the Faubourg St. Germain, marching by the palace, now demanded that Napoleon should put himself at their head and take vengeance on his enemies. But he well knew the figure which the volunteers of tho mob would make in front of the bayonets which had crushed his guard at Waterloo, and he declined the honor of this new command. A few courtiers, who adhered to him still, continued to talk of his putting himself at the head of the national force. But Waterloo had effectually cured him of the passion for soldiership, and he constantly appealed to his unwillingness to shed the blood of Frenchmen. It was at least evident that he intended to tempt the field no more, but after being the cause of shedding the blood of two millions of the people, his reserve was romantic.
The count was sent to dismiss the volunteers, and they having performed their act of heroism, and offered to challenge the whole British army, were content with the glory of the threat, and heroically marched home to their shops.
But Montholon, on returning again, addressed Napoleon on the feasibility of attacking Wellington and Blucher with the battalions of the Messrs. Calicot, upon which the ex-emperor made the following solemn speech: "To put into action the brute force of the masses, would without doubt save Paris, and ensure me the crown, without having recourse to the horrors of a civil war. But this would be also to risk the shedding of rivers of fresh blood. What is the compressive force which would be sufficiently strong to regulate the outburst of so much passion, hatred, and vengeance? No, 1 never can forget one thing, that I have been brought from Cannes to Paris in the midst of cries for blood, ' Down with the priests!' 'Down with the nobles!' I would rather have the regrets of France than possess its crown."
There is no country in the world, where Napoleon's own phrase, that from the sublime to the ridiculous is but a step, is more perpetually and practically realized than in France. Here was a man utterly ruined, without a soldier on the face of the earth, all but a prisoner, abandoned by every human being who could be of the slightest service to him, beaten in the field, beaten on his own ground, and now utterly separated from his remaining troops, and with a hundred thousand of the victors rushing after him, hour by hour, to Paris. Yet he talks as if he had the world still at his disposal, applauds his own magnanimity in declining the impossible combat, vaunts his own philosophy in standing still, when he could neither advance nor retreat, and gives himself credit as a philanthropist, when he was on the very point of j being handed over to the enemy as a prisoner. Some unaccountable tricks of a lower description now began to lie played on the goods and chattels of the Klyscx' Bourbon. A case containing snuff-, boxes adorned with portraits set in diamonds, was i laid by Bertrand on the mantel-piece, lie acci-1 dentally turned to converse with General Monlho-' Ion at the window. Only one person entered the: room. The-count does not give his name—he was evidently a person of rank. On turning to the mantel-piece again, the case was gone.
One of the ministers had brought some negotiable paper to the amount of several millions of francs into tho emperor's chamber. The packet was placed under one of the cushions of the sofa. Only one person, and that one a man of rank who had served in Italy, entered the chamber. Napoleon
went to look for the money, calculated a n and a million and a half of franca, or aboot .£60,000 sterling, had been taken in the loterum. Those were times for thievery, and the plunderers of Europe were now on the alert, to make spoil of each other. The allies were still advancing, but they were not yet in sight; and the mob of Pans. who had been at first delighted to find that the war was at an end, having nothing else to do, and thinking that, as Wellington and Blucher had sot arrived within a week, they would nut arrive within a century, began to clamor lire /"Entftreur! Fouche" and the provisional government began to feel alarm, and it waa determined to keep tpoleon out of sight of the mob. Accordingly y ordered him to be taken to Malmaison . and on the 35th, towards nightfall, Napoleon submissively quitted the Elyse'e, and went to Malmaison. At Malmaison he remained for lie greater part of the time, in evident fear i>f being put to death, and in fact a prisoner.—Such was the fate of the most powerful sovereign that Europe had seen since Charlemagne. Such was the humiliation of the conqueror, who, but seven years before, had summoned the continental sovereigns to bow down to his footstool at Erlorth; and who wrote to Talma the actor these words of supreme arrogance—" Come to Erfurth, aiid you shall play before a pit-full of kings."
From this period, day by day, a succession of measures was adopted by the government to tighten his chain. He was ordered to aet oat for the coast, nominally with the intention of givtag him a passage to America. But we must doubt that intention. Fouche\ the head of the government, had now thrown off the mack which he had worn so many years. And it was impossible for him to expect forgiveness, in case of any future return of Napoleon to power. But Napoleon, in America, would have heeo at all times within oneand-twenty days of Paris. And the mere probability of his return would have been enough to make many a pillow sleepless in Paris. We ate to recollect also, that the English ministry mast have been perfectly aware of the arrest of Napoleon; that St. Helena had been already mentioned as a place of security for hia person ; aod that if it was essential to the safety of Europe—a matter about which Fouche' probably cared but little; it was not less essential to the safely ef Fonchd's own neck—a matter about which be always cared very much, that the ex-emperor should never set foot in France again.
The result was, an order from the minister at war Davoust, Prince of Eckmuhl, couched in the following terms. We give it as s document of history.
"General, I have the honor to transmit to yea the subjoined decree, which the coramuaion of government desires you to notify the Emperor Napoleon: at the same time informing his majesty, that the circumstances are become imperative, isd that it is necessary for him immediately to deads on setting out for the Isle of Aix. This decree has been passed as much for the safety of ln> person as for the interest of the state, which ought always to be dear to him. Should tho cmr*"* not adopt the above mentioned resolution, on your notification of this decree, it will then be yoordaty to eaera$e theslrtclrst survillanrr, both with avN* of preventing his majesty from leaving Mai mama, and of guarding against any attempt upon hi* bffYou will station guards at all the approaches to Malmaison. I have written to the tn»i«ciut-jeaeral of .the gendarmerie, and to the commandant of Paris, to place such of the gendarmerie and troops as yon may require at your disposal.
"I repeat lo you, general, that this decree has been adopted solely for the good of the state, and the personal safety of the emperor. Its prompt execution is indispensable, as the future fate of his majesty and his family depends on it. It is unnecessary to say to you, general, that all your measures should be taken with the greatest possible secrecy.
(Signed) "Prince Op Eckmuiil, "Marshal and Minister of War." Those documents which have now appeared, we believe, for the first time authentically, will bar of importance to ihe historian, and of still higher importance to the moralist. Who could have once believed that the most fiery of soldiers, the most subtle of statesmen, and the proudest of sovereigns, would ever be the subject of a rescript like the following? It begins with an absolute command that ** Napoleon Bonaparte" (it has already'dropped the emperor) " shall remain in the roads of the Isle of Aix till the arrival of passports." It then proceeds :—" It is of importance to the well-being of the state, which should not be indifferent to him, that he should remain till his fate, and that of his family, have been definitely regulated. French honor is interested in such an issue; but in the mean time every precaution should be taken for the personal safety of Napoleon, and that he must not be allowed to leave the place of his present sojourn. .
(Signed) "The Duke Of Otranto.
"The Prince Op Eckmuhl." A similar document was issued to General Beker, signed by Carnot and Caulaincourt. Count Montholon remarks, with sufficient justice, on the signature of Caulaincourt to this paper, that the emperor would have been extremely astonished to see that name subscribed to a letter in which he was called Napohjon—if anything coold have astonished the former exile of Elba, and the future exile of St. Helena."
This must have been a period of the deepest anxiety to the imperial prisoner. He evidently regarded his life as unsafe; thought that he discovered in the project of his journey a determination to throw him either into the hands of assassins or of »he French king, and formally announced his refusal to leave Malmaison " until informed of his fate hythe Duke of Wellington." He was now reduced to the lowest ebb. He acknowledged himself powerless, hopeless, and utterlydependent on the will of his conqueroi The bitterness of heart which dictated such words must have been beyond all description. He was now abandoned by the few who had followed him from the Ely see.
But time tfas pressing; Wellington was advancing with rapid steps, and there was a possibility that ho might capture Napoleon at Malmaison. Troops were sent to burn the neighboring bridge, and precautions were taken to prevent the catastrophe. A division of the army coming from the Vendee halted before the palace, and insisted on seeing Napoleon, and on being led by him to battle. This was rodomontade, with the advanced troops of the whtle army now within sight of Paris. But it was enough to betray him into the absurdity of proposing to try another chance for his crown. Beker was sent to Paris to try the effect of this communication. Fouche' gave for
answer, the simple fact that the Prussians were advancing on Versailles. The sitting of the provisional government would have been worth the hand of a great painter. Fouche\ after sharply rebuking the general for bringing in his proposal from Malmaison, made him sit down at his side, while he wrote a peremptory and decided refusal. Carnot was walking gloomily up and down the room. Caulaincourt, Baron Quinette, and General Grenier, sat silently around the table. Not a word was uttered except by the Duke of Otranto. The general received his dispatch and departed. On passing through the anterooms, he found them filled with generals and high civil officers, who all expressed but one opinion on the necessity of getting rid of Napoleon. "Let him set off, let him go," was the universal cry. "We can undertake nothing for either his personal good or Paris." There was now no alternative. Napoleon must either remain and fall into the hands of Louis XVIII., who had already proclaimed him a traitor and an outlaw, or he must try to make his escape by sea. On the 29th of June, at five o'clock in the evening, he entered the carriage which was to convey him to the coast,leavingParis behind, towhich he was never to return alive, but to which his remains have returned in a posthumous triumph, twenty-six years after, on the 15th of September, 1840.
On his arrival at Rochfort, all the talent of the French for projects was immediately in full exercise. Never was there so many caslles in the air built in so short a time. Proposals were made to smuggle the prisoner to the United States in a Danish merchant vessel, in which, in case of search, he was to be barrelled in a hogshead perforated with breathing holes.
Another project was, to put him on board a kind of fishing-boat manned by midshipmen, and thus escape the English. A third project proposed, that the two French frigates anchored under the guns of the Isle of Aix should put to sea together; that one of them should run alongside Captain Maitland's ship, and attack her fiercely, with the hope of distracting her attention, even with the certainty of being destroyed, while the other frigate made her escape with Napoleon on board. This is what the French would call a grande pcn.s&e, and quite as heroic as anything in a melodrama of the Porte St. Martin. But the captain of the leading frigate declined the distinction, and evidently thought it not necessary that he and his crew should be blown out of the water, as they certainly would have been if they came in contact with the Bellerophon; so this third project perished.
After a few days of this busy foolery, the prisoner, startled by the new reports of the success of the allies everywhere, and too sagacious not to feel that the hands of the French king might be the most dangerous into which the murderer of the Due D'Enghien could fall; looking with evident contempt upon the foolish projects for his escape, and conscious that his day was done, resolved to throw himself into the hands of Captain Maitland, the commander of the Bellerophon, thpn anchored in Basque roads. On the night of the 10th, Savery and Las Cases were sent on board the English ship, to inquire whether the captain would allow a French or neutral ship, or the frigates with Napoleon on board, to pass free • Captain Maitland simply answered, that he had received no orders except those ordinarily given in case of war; but that he should attach the frigates if they attempted to pass; thai if a neutral flag came in his way, he would order il to be searched as usual. Hut that, in consequence of the peculiar nature of the case, lie would communicate with the admiral in command.
A circumstance occurred on this occasion, which brought M. Las Cases into no small disrepute afterwards. The captain hospitably asked Las Cases and Savary to lunch with him, and, while at table, inquired wheiher they understood English. He was answered that they did not; and the captain, though of course relying upon the answer, made his observations in English to his officers, while he addressed the Frenchman in his own tongue. Il was afterwards ascertained that Las Cases, who had been an emigrant fur some years in England, understood English perfectly. Nothing could therefore be more pitiful than his conduct in suffering the captain lo believe thai he was ignorant on the subject, and thus obtain a confidence lo which he had no right. The circumstance, as Count Moiilholun says—" was afterwards made a bitter reproach against Las Cases ; the English charging him with a violation of honor; because, as they affirmed, he had positively declared that he was unacquainted with their language, when the question was put to him at the commencement of the conference. This, however," says Count Montholon, "is not correct." And how does he show that it is not correct? "The question," says he, "was put collectively, that is, lo both alike, and Savery alone answered in the negative." Of course the answer was understood collectively, and comprised M. Las Cases as well as M. Savery. In short, the conduct was contemptible, and the excuse not much better. Las Cases, of course, should not have allowed any other person's word to be taken, when it led to a delusion. Il is possible that Savary was unacquainted with his companion's knowledge of the English—though when we recollect that Savary was minister of police, and thai Las Cases was about the court of Napoleon, it is difficult to conceive his ignorance on the subject. But in all instances, there could be no apology for his fellow-Frenchman's sitting to hear conversations of which he was supposed, on ihe credit of Savery's word, and his own silence, to comprehend nothing.
It happily turns out, however, that all this dexterity bad only the effect of blinding tho parties themselves.
"This mystification and piece of diplomatic chicanery"—we use the language of the volume —" proved in fact, rather detrimental than useful; for, no doubt, the information thus gained by surprise from Captain Maitland and his officers, contributed to induce the emperor to decide on surrendering himself to the English." The csptain was too honorable a man lo think of practising any chicane on the subject; but if the two cmployii overreached themselves, so much the better.
But events now thickened. Un the 12th, the Parts journals arrived, announcing the entrance of the allies into Paris, and the establishment of Louis XVIII. in the Tuileriea' All was renewed confusion, consternation, and projects. On the next day Joseph Bonaparte came to the Isle of Aix, lo propose the escape of his fallen brother in a merchant vessel from Bordeaux, for America, ami remain in his place. This offer was generous, but it could scarcely be accepted by any human being, and il was refused. Bui delay was becoming
doubly haxardous. It was perfectly possible that the first measure of the new government would be an order for his seizure, and the next, for bis execution. On thst evening he decided to accept the offer of the cliasse-martcs, to go oo board before morning, and trust lo the young midshipmen and chance for his passage across the Atlantic.
We know no history more instructive than these "last days" of a fugitive emperor. That he might have escaped a week before, is certain, for the harbor was not then blockaded ; thai he might have made his way among the channels of that very difficult and obstructed coast, even after the blockade, is possible; that he might have found his way, by a hundred roads, out of France, or reached the remnant of his armies, is char, for all his brothers escaped hy land. But that he still hesitated—and alone hesitated ; thai this man—the must memorable for decision, famed for promptitude, fur the discovery of the true point of dsnger, daring lo the height of rashness, when daring wss demanded—should have paused at the very instant whea his fate seemed lo be in his own hand, more resembles a preternatural loss of faculty than the courst of nature. His whole conduct on the shore of France is lo he equalled only by his conduct among the sshes of Moscow—it waa infatuation.
Again the man of decision hesitated ; and at four in the morning General Lallemand and Las Cases were sent on board the Bellemphon under the pretext of wailing for the admiral's answer, but in reality to ascertain whether the captain woold express officially any pledge or opinion relative lo Napoleon's favorable reception in England; which Las Cases hsd conceived him to express in hi* conversation with his officers, and of which this M. Las Cases waa supposed not to have understood a syllable. ,
Captain Maitland's answer was distinct and simple. It was, " that he had yet received no information, but hourly expected it; that he was authorized to receive Napoleon on board, and convey him to England, where, according lo his own opinion, he would receive all the attention and respect to which he could lay any claim." But, to prevent all presumptions on the subject, adding—" 1 am anxious that it should be well understood, that I am expressing only my personal opinion on thia subject, and have in no respect spoken in the name of the government, having received no instructions from either the admiralty or the admiral."
Il is almost painful to contemplate these scenes. What agonies must have passed throned the heart of such a man, so humbled! What inevitable contrasts of the throne with the dungeon! What sense of shame in ihe humiliation ninth thus placed him at the disposal of his own few followers! What sleepless anxiety in those midnight consultations, in those exposures to public shame, in thia sense of utter rum, in this terrible despair! If some great painter ahall hereafter rise to vindicate the pencil by showing its power of delineating the deepea' passions of onr nsture, or some still greater poet ahall come lo revive lbs day of Shakspesre. and exhibit the tortures of ■ greater Macbeth, fallen from the highest elevsuoa of human things into a depth of self-reproach an* self-abasement lo which all the powers of human language might be pale—what a subject for them were here!
The theatrical habits of the French are sing*'
larly unfortunate fur a nation which assumes to tike an influential rank in the world. They deprive them of that capacity for coping with real things which is essential to all substantial greatness. With them the business of the world must be all raelodrame, and the most common-place, or the most serious actions of life, must be connected with scene-shifting, trap-doors, and the mimic thunders of the stage. Napoleon was now in a condition the most deeply calculated to force these stern realities of life on the mind. Yet even with him all was to be dramatic; he was to throw himself on the clemency of his conqueror, like one of the heroes of Corneille. England was to stand in admiration of his magnanimous devotedness. The sovereign was to receive him with astonishment and open arms, and, after an embrace of royal enthusiasm, he was to be placed in secure splendor, cheered by the acclamations of a people hastening to do him homage. In this false and highcolored view of things, he wrote the famous and absurd note, in which he pronounced himself another Themistocles, come to sit by the hearth of the British people. A manlier, because a more rational view of things, would have told him that a war, expressly begun with a determination to overthrow his dynasty, could not be suffered to conclude by giving him the powerof again disturbing the world—that his utter faithlessness prohibited the possibility of relying on his pledges—the security of the Bourbon throne absolutely demanded his bein£ finally disabled from disturbing its authority—England owed it to her allies to prevent a repetition of the numberless calamities which his reign had inflicted upon Europe, and owed it to herself to prevent all necessity for tho havoc of a new Waterloo.
The national passion for a coup de theatre rendered all this knowledge of no avail, and he flung himself at the feel of the prince regent, with the flattering phraseology of claiming protection "from the most powerful, the most constant, and the most generous of his enemies."
The step was now taken. On the 15th of July, at daybreak, he left the Isle of Aix, and entered one of the boats which was to convey him on board the Bellcrophon. He had still a parting pang to undergo. As ho looked round the shore, a white flag was flying on all the ships and batteries. All the rest of this curious narrative has been already given to the world. We have no desire to repeat the details.
Count Montholon, in his fondness for excitement, here states that a privy council was held on the question, whether the terms of the congress of Vienna prevented England from giving up Napoleon to tho vengeance of Louis XVIII., adding, that " the despatches of the Duke of Wellington urged them to adopt bloody and terrible determinations." This we utterly disbelieve; and, if we required additional reasons for our disbelief, it would be in the count's telling ns that the energetic opposition of the Duke of Sussex alone prevented the delivery of the prisoner—there not being perhaps any prince, or any individual of Er.gland, less likely to have weight in the councils of the existing government.
Without presuming to trace the steps of Providence, it is natural and not unwise to follow them in those leading transactions which give a character to their times, or which complete events decisive of the fates of eminent men or nations. One of the most characteristic and abhorred acts of the
entire life of the French Emperor, was his imprisonment of the English who were travelling in bis country at the commencement of his reign. The act was the most treacherous within human record —it was perfidy on the largest scale. Europe had been often scandalized by breaches of political faith, but the agents and the sufferers were sovereigns and nations. But in this instance the blow fell upon individuals with the most sudden treachery, the most causeless tyranny, and the most sweeping ruin. Twelve thousand individuals, travelling under the protection of the imperial laws, wholly incapable of being regarded by those laws as prisoners, and relying on the good faith of the government, were seized as felons, put under duress, separated from their families in England, suddenly deprived of their means of existence, stnpt in the progress of their professions, plundered of their property, and kept under the most vigilant surveillance for eleven years.
The retribution now fell, and that retribution exactly in the form of the crime by which it was drawn down. We give a few extracts of the document by which Napoleon protested against his detention, as a most complete, though unconscious indictment against his own act eleven years before.
Protest at sea, on board the Hellerophon, August, 1815—" In the face of God and man, I solemnly protest against the injury which has been committed upon me, by the violation of my most sacred fights, in forcibly disposing of my person and liberty.
"I came freely on board the Bellrrophon, and am not a prisoner—1 am the guest of England.
"1 presented myself in good faith, and came to place myself under the protection of the laws of England. As soon as I set my foot on board the Bellerophnn, I felt myself on the soil of the British people. If the orders issued by the government to receive myself and my suite were merely intended as a snare, then they have forfeited their bond. If such an act were really done, it would be in vain for England in future to speak of her faith, her laws, and her liberty.
"She pretended to offer the hand of hospitality to an enemy, and when he had trusted to her fidelity, she immolated him."
If the detenus at Verdun, and scattered through the various fortresses of France, had drawn up a petition against the desperate act which had consigned them to captivity, they might have anticipated the language with which Napoleon went to the dungeon, that was never to send him back again amongst mankind.
There was but one preliminary to bis departure now to take place. It was the execution of an order from the government to examine the baggage in the strictest manner, and to require the surrender of all money or jewels of value in the possession of Napoleon and his suite. Necessary as this act was, for the prevention of bribery, and attempts to escape from St. Helena, not for any undue seizure of private property, for a most ample allowance was already appointed by the government for the expenses.of the prisoner, this duty seems to have been most imperfectly performed. As the count tells us, " the grand-marshal, gave up 4000 Napoleons, as constituting the Emperor's chest. We kept secret about 400,000 francs in gold—from three to four hundred thousand francs in valuables and diamonds, and letters cf credit for more than four million of francs." Whether this immense sum was overlooked by the extraordinary negligence of those whose duly it was to fulfil the orders of government, or whether their search was baffled, (he narrative does not disclose. But there can be no question that the suite were bound to deliver up all that the; possessed: and that there can be as little question that with such sums of money at his disposal. Napoleon's subsequent complaints of poverty were ridiculous, and that the subsequent sale of his plate to supply his table was merely fur the purpose of exciting a clamor, and was charlatanish and contemptible.
We pass rapidly over the details of the voyage. Napoleon spent a considerable part of his lime on the quarter-deck, took opportunities of conversing atF.ibly with the officers, and even wilh the crew. Ou one occasion, after Some conversation wilh the master, he invited him lo dine at the admiral's table. The master declined the invitation, as a sin against naval etiquette. "Oh! in that case," said Napoleon, " you must come and dine in my own cabin." The admiral, however, had the good sense to tell Napoleon, that any one invited by him to the honor of sitting at his table, was, by that circumstance alone, placed above all rule of eliquelie, and that the master should be welcome lo dinner next day. This conduct, of course, made him very popular on board ; but the chief interest of these important volumes is in the conversations which he held from time to time wilh the officers, and especially in the long details of his military and imperial career, which he dictated at St. Helena, and which make the true novelty and value of lite work. In one of those conversations which he had with them, he referred emphatically to his own efforts to make France a great naval power. •' Unfortunately," said lie, " I found nobody who understood me. During the expedition lo Egypt, 1 cast my eyes on Decrees. I reckoned on hiiu for understanding and executing my projects iu renard to the navy. I was mistaken; his passion was to form a police, and to find out, by means of the smugglers, every web which your ministers, or the intriguers of Hartwetl, were weaving against me. He had no enlarged ideas; Always the spirit of locality and insignificant detail—paralyzing my views." He then proceeded to slate the hopeless condition of the French navy wheu he assumed the throne. The navy of Louis XVI. was no longer in existence; the Republic possessed but four ships of the line; the taking of Toulon, the battle of the river Jenes in 17U3— of Hochefort in 171)4, and finally, the battle of Aboukir, had given the death-blow to the navy. "Well, notwithstanding the disaster of Trafalgar, which I owe entirely to the disobedience of Admiral Villeneuve, I left to France one hundred •hips of the hue, and (40,000 sailors and marines, and all this in a reign of ten years." The truth is, that the attempt to make the French navy was one of the preeminent blunders of Napoleon. France is naturally a great military power, but her people are not maritime. England is not naturally a great military power, but tier people are maritime. France has an immense land frontier which can be defended only by a land force. England has no land frontier at all. The sea ia her only frontier, and it, of course, can be defended only by a tleet. A fleet is not a necessary of existence to France. A tleet is a necessary of existence to England. It is therefore self-evident that France only wastes her power in dividing it between her fleet and her army; and may be a great power, without having a ship; while England is compel
led to concentrate her strength upon her fleet, ana' without her fleet must be undone. Thus the law of existence, which is equivalent lo a law of nature, gives the naval superiority to England. There are symptoms in France, at the present day, of falling into Napoleon's blunder, and of imagining? the possibility of her becoming the naval rival of England. That she may build ships is perfectly possible, and that she may crowd them with a naval conscription is equally possible. Rut the first collision will show her the utter folly of contending with her partial strength against the power on which England rests her defence—a struggle between a species of volunteer and adveututous aggression, and the stern and desperate defence id which the safety of a nation is supremely involved.
On crossing the Line, the triumph of Neptune was celebrated in the usual grotesque style. The Deity of the Sea requested peniiissiun to make acquaintance with Napoleon, who received hun graciously, and presented him with five hundred Napoleons for himself and the crew, upon v. hich he was rewarded with three cheers, and "Long; live the Emperor Napoleon!"
On the 16th of October, 1815, the Northumberland cast anchor in the roads at St. Helena. The count remarks that the 17lh, the day on which he disembarked, reminded him of a disastrous day. It was the anniversary of the last day of the battle of Leipsig. If distance from all ihe habitable parts of the globe were to be the merits of Napoleon's prison, nothing could have been more appropriate than the island of St. Helena. It was two thousand leagues from Europe, twelve hundred leagues from the Cape, and nine hundred from any continent. A volcanic rock in the centre of the ocean.
In the month of April, the frigate Phaeton anchored in the roads, having the new governor. Sir Hudson Lowe, with his family, on board. Sir Hudson is now where neither praise nor blame can reach him, but the choice was unfortunate in Ibe very point for which probably he had been chosen; —he had been colonel of the Corsican regiment ia our service, had served much in the Mediterranean, and had already been (as far as we remember) the object of Napoleon's bitterness in some of hi* Italian manifestoes. There ran be no doubt loai the mildest of governors would have been no favorite with the prisoner of Ixingwood. Rut in Ihe present instance Napoleon's blood boiled at the idea of being placed under the jurisdiction of the colonel of the < 'orsican rangers; and he, arcordingly, look every opportunity of exhibiting hit indignation—a sort of feeling which, in A foreigner, and especially one of southern blood, always amounts lo fury.
We pass over a multitude of minor circumstances, though all characteristic, and all invaluable to the historian of the next century; but which would retard the more interesting conversations of the extraordinary captive. On the communication of the convention signed at Paris in August, ISIS, declaring him the prisoner of the four allied powers, and the announcement of the commissioners under whose charge he was to be placed. Napoleon burst ont into a passionate remonstrance, which, however, he addressed only lo the people Around him. On those occasions he always adopt<'il thai abrupt and decisive style which in A Frenchman passes for oracuhr.
"The expenses of my captivity will certainty