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Though thousands round it wept, or cannon roared. Or, like your old cathedrals-spite of ratsHere was Napoleon's tomb; here vanished crown Ten centuries of purple deans surviving ! and sword!
| Nay, like your bankrupis, by their ruin thriving !
While commonwealths, however free and furious, I am not playing moralist ;' and yet,
Are smothered, once for all; like hornets Where has the world a teacher-like that bust?! hiving! Why, shall the heart through half a century fret, Paying for power an interest usurious
Stake life, and love, and peace-to turn to dust? | Blood, cent. per cent.! I leave the problem to the Like thee, if mighty, from a throne be thrust,
'curious. The scoff and victim of its ransomed slaves ! If lowly, take posterity on trust,
I think republics are, like London fires, Dream dreams, build castles upon winds and Got up, to help your · men of parts' to rob! waves,
The blaze burns out its fuel, and expires, And, after all lie down among earth's wormy
Just by the time the rogues have done the job graves.”
(A fact at which I have no heart to sob !)
Then comes the course of nature, and a king! The Provençal hills recall to mind another char-| As sure as Moslems love a hot kabob. acter, hardly less celebrated :
The lucky knaves get rich-the luckless swing!
Thus runs this mill-horse world, in one eternal MIRABEAU.
ring!” “Now, rise before me the Provençal hills; Glory of novels, • Paradise of France!
These sketches, by so masterly a hand, have Where wine from every highway hedge distils,
some public interest; but they do not constitute And life's sole labor is, to sing and dance !'
the most amusing part of the volume. Anecdotes Alas, for all the honors of romance !
of society, tales of romance, jests, pictures of manThe morning cuts your midriff with the Bise! ners, descriptions of travel, adventures by sea and
Noon burns your cuticle, and blinds your glance! | land, follow each other in rapid succession. The The evening dews your very heart-veins freeze! last canto is filled with a strange story, in which Night is despair-the reign of Pharaoh's plague
the writer shows his power over the mysterious, of A-!
and his talent for narrative.
Speculation will, of course, strive to fix this And yet, I paused, to see an old château ;
poem on some established writer. But we rather Now but a heap of ivy-mantled stones;
think the force and finish it displays are the reThe fortress of thy father's Mirabeau !
sult of natural ability rather than of long practice. Thou man of contradictions -prop of thrones, There appears in it too much freshness of feeling
Yet, the hot marrow in rebellion's bones ; and originality of style to countenance the suppoThe monarch's hireling; yet the rabble's king! sition that it belongs to any of the writers with
Courtier, yet brazen trump of faction's tones! whom we are acquainted, though it is undoubtedly Thy genius, half swine's hoof, half eagle's wing ! true that genius has little difficulty in assuming a Bold, coward, patriot, slave, tool, traitor-every- disguise, and that veterans in literature have something!
times been able to throw the keenest critics off the
scent of their track. These are the men one hates, and yet admires ;
The base, yet brilliant, actors on life's stage;
The shame and scorn, but, wonder of their age; ties of sugar are much underrated in this country. Wild mixture of the savage and the sage; As an aliment, Dr. Rush, of Philadelphia, mainFierce summoners to that consummate fray, |tains that sugar affords the greatest quantity of Which tainted thrones with maddened nations nourishment, in a given quantity of matter, of any wage;
subject in nature. Horses and cattle were fed Dark heralds of the last avenging day,
wholly on it at St. Domingo for some months, When diadems are crushed, and those who crush when the exportation of sugar and importation of ed them-clay!
grain were prevented from want of ships. During
the crop time in the West Indies all appear fat and Those are the tribe whose mission is, to teach, flourishing. The cattle fed on the cane-tops be
Not learn ;-interpreters of fate to men. come sleek and in fine condition. The negroes Instinct, their thoughts; their tongues, of mighty drink freely of the juice, and become fat and speech ;
healthy. Sir George Staunton observes, that Too fiery for the slow performing pen.
many of the slaves and idle persons in China hide There never rushed the lion from his den, themselves among the canes, and live entirely on Rousing the forest echoes with his roar;
them for a time. In that kingdom the emperor More marked by nature for the fight ; than compels his body-guard to eat a certain quantiiy of when
sugar every day, that they may become fat, and This tribe their way to sanguine triumph tore, look portly. Sugar and rice constitute the comLeaving the world in doubt, to dread them, or mon food of the people, and every kind of domestic adore.”
animal is fed on sugar. Plagues, malignant fevers,
and disorders of the breast, are unknown in the Monarchies, in our poet's opinion, have little to countries where sugar is abundantly eaten as food. fear from revolutions. There is truth in these re- | The celebrated Dr. Franklin used to drink syrup flections on
every night before he went to bed to alleviate the THE STABILITY OF THRONES.
agonies of the stone. - Popular Errors Explained. “I always bet on thrones ; they fall, like cats, | Mrs. Magee, of Dublin, has left £20,000 to On their four paws! they 'scape, like ducks, by trustees for the erection of a Presbyterian college diving !
in Ireland.- Athenaum.
From Copenhagen, we learn that, on the 21st sume, no more than a general refitting-an arma olt., the inhabitants of Denmark, Sweden, and ment adapted to national security and pretensions , Norway, to the number of 8,000, met on the little just what the restoration and reorganization of the island of Hvéen, to celebrate the three hundredth French maritime forces are proclaimed. A story anniversary of the birth-day of the illustrious as-travels in the opposition journals that Louis Phltronomer, Tycho-Brahé. The flags of the three lippe, in several letters, urged Queen Victoria to Scandinavian kingdoms floated from the fleet of persuade or command Sir Robert Peel to poststeamers which bore the pilgrims, from the oppo- pone the dissolution of his ministry until after the site points, to the place of rendezvous-a govern- French elections; and that her majesty (unavalment war-steamer conveying the professors of the ingly of course) exerted herself to that end. The universities of Copenhagen and Kiel, the members notion obtained here, in all quarters, that the acces of the Royal Academy of Sciences and of the Roy- sion of the whigs would operate in France unfaal Northern Society of Archæology, other person- vorably for the conservative canvass; but it is now ages of the Danish capital distinguished for litera- dissipated. It was argued that France would no ture, art, or science—and a colossal bust in white longer consent to be dragged in tow by England; marble of the subject of the day's celebration. that there must be in both countries cabinets who The principal ceremonial was the inauguration of could treat with each other on equal footing. All this monument, beneath a triumphal arch erected the deputies are included in a series of biographiamid the ruins of the old palace of Uranienburg, cal sketches published in many numbers of the where the philosopher was born and spent most of ministerial organ, the Epoch. Those in opposihis life. The brow of the image was encircled tion are not spared in the least, but bandled with with a laurel crown; and then, a thousand young very amusing and pungent sarcasm and dispangevoices raised, in honor of him whom it represents, ment of one kind or other. The truth of most of the national songs of the three Scandinavian coun- the lives and traits heightens the effect and protries—and the Philharmonic Society of Copenha- motes the purpose, in all the denominations of depgen executed a cantata, written for the occasion. uties. The monument was solemnly handed over to the We are informed from Rome that the new pope guardianship of the people of HIvéen ; and left to (the 258th) has not yet appointed the secretary of its solitude of ages on an island which numbers not state-the functionary who enjoys more control more than a hundred inhabitants.—The two hun- over the foreign relations and internal policy than dredth anniversary of the birth-day of the Philoso- his holiness, in whose case the maxim, reign and pher Leibnitz was celebrated with great pomp, a not govern, is usually realized. A higher congrefew days ago, by the University of Leipzig; of gation, or council of state, of six eminent cardiwhich city he was a native.- Athenaum.
nals, of different political attachments and sentiments, has been formed to examine all matters of
civil administration. Meanwhile no changes occur, CORRESPONDENCE.
no reforms are announced ; and Pius IX. incurs
blame for tardiness. His name, you know, is MasFrom Mr. Walsh's letters to the National Intelligencer. tai-Feretti. The Romans play upon it thus:
Paris, July 14, 1846. " You are very handsome and good-ma-stai," We received yesterday afternoon the advices which means “but stationary." His election, from the United States by the Great Western. however, has proved more popular in the provinces We have a mere summary in the Journal des De- than even in the capital. In authorizing railroads bats of this morning; but an ample report and in- to Civita-Vecchia, Ancona, and Bologia, he has telligent discussion of the whole in La Presse, and restricted the granting to patives and the employ. a good exposition in the Constitutionnel. The ment of laborers also, when natives can be ob Oregon treaty and the President's new message tained. Pasquinades abound at his expense. He touching a war-tariff are warmly commended. is said to join in the public merriment. A French Stress is laid on the profession of readiness for writer well remarks: “ A politically ambitious or peace, in case Mexico should propose reasonable personally immoral pope is now impossible." It terms. “ According to the London papers," ob- is a subject of complaint in the London prints that serves the Constitutionnel, “ England has given a England has no diplomatic representative-avowed lesson of prudence and moderation to the United or in form-at the court of Rome : the consul at States; if so, the l'nited States have, on their side, Ancona has served as political agent. given one of firmness to the other powers having The present summer teems with gigantic calamirelations and controversies with England." The ties--the destructive earthquake in Messenia-anidea of dissent by Lord Wellington and Sir Rob-other at Smyrna ; the fire at St. Johns ; submerert Peel, in the cabinet, to the terms of the treaty, sions in mines ; the burning of the theatre at Qoeis held to be refuted by Sir Robert's language bec, so like the old calamity at Richmond ; more in announcing the event to parliament. My im- deaths and conflagrations by lightning, more coup de pression, from the epoch of the disclosure of Sir soleil, more suicides, atrocious murders, and motilaRobert's anti-corn law project to the latest peri- tions; more sadden visitations of body and mind, od, has uniformly been that he meant to yield in are recorded for France, within the iwo months the Oregon question what he believed could not fail past, than in any former year for this generat. to be accepted. He seemed, in all his public pro- The extraordinary and protracted heat of the wesceedings, to have put himself entirely at ease on ther has a large share in the assigned causes. At that question. Some of the Paris editors now re- Stockholm, on the 26th ultimo, it was so cold that mark: " After all, the British naval preparations ice was formed in the open grounds Extensive were not intended for the United States, France strikes, popular tumults, sanguinary affrays, romanmust have been in the eye and calculations of Eng- tic or curious trials, have been frequent in a rare land." The “preparations" were, we may pre-degree.
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 120.—29 AUGUST, 1846.
From the Edinburgh Review. even those who have troubled themselves to peruse Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibnitz-eine Bio- anything, are acquainted with ; while the immense
graphie. (Life of G. M. Leibnitz Von Dr. majority, who yet know him renowned for matheG. E. GUHRAUER. Zwei Bände. 2 vols. 12mo.
matical discoveries and metaphysical theories, have Breslau : 1842.
never read a syllable of him.
For this comparative neglect there are more reaSages and poets have vied with each other in sons than one. To a certain extent he shares but the invention of significant symbols by which to the lot of all great philosophers. Their condition, express the littleness of all earthly greatness, and in this respect, is far less enviable than that of the vanity of all human ambition-not always su- great poets. The former can never possess so perior themselves to a secret ambition of obtaining large a circle of readers under any circumstances; fame even by showing it to be nothing-of being but that number is still further abridged by the remembered for the beauty and the excellence fact, that even the truths they have taught or diswherewith they have typified vanity. Like the covered, form but stepping-stones in the progress sculptor employed to ornament the tomb, they have of science, and are afterwards digested, systemahoped to be celebrated for their eloquent images of tized, and better expounded in other works comdeath, and their graceful emblems of mortality. posed by sınaller nien. The creations of poetry, Yet neither amongst the devices feigned by art, on the contrary, remain ever beautiful, as long as nor the objects presented to us by the ravages of the language in which they are embodied shall time-he broken column, the sarcophagus empty endure : even to translate is to injure them. Thus even of ashes, the stone inscribed wiih a silent it is, that for one reader of Archimedes, (even history, or with half legible characters—is there amongst those who know just what Archimedes any memento of these truths more expressive or achieved,) there are thousands of readers of Honier; more touching, than that which presents itself in and of Newton it may be truly said, that nine tenths the tarnished decorations of a series of portly folios of those who are familiar with his doctrines have or quartos of a past age, the product of some capa- never studied him except at second-hand. Far cious and restless intellect, which toiled, as was more intimate, no doubt, is that sympathy which fondly thought and hoped, for immortality-which Shakspeare and Milton inspire; “ being dead, they aspired to be remembered, not merely in biograph- yet speak ;” and may even be said to form a part ical dictionaries—those crowded cemeteries of mind of the very minds of their readers.
-but to hold active and familiar converse with But this is not the only cause of the almost total the mind of successive generations—to live in per- neglect of the works of Leibnitz. As he wrote petual citation on the lips of grateful and admiring often with great beauty, and on a great variety of readers. Yet are these misjudging aspirants for subjects, there should be no reason, one would imfame often consigned to the dust and darkness agine, why he should be less read than many of the upper shelf;" rarely opened except by some other philosophers whose claims to be remembered chance visitor, out of idle curiosity—not from any is far inferior to his. The cause, we are inclined wish to hold communion with their spirits, or to to think, is owing, in part, to the fragmentary charemancipate even for an instant their imprisoned acter of his productions : though enormously volumwit and wisdom. These remains are guarded, it inous, there is almost nothing except his Theodicée is true, with jealous care, and kept safe behind and his Remarks on Locke that can be considered handsome doors and gratings; but the page is as systematic; and he has nowhere, not even in these mute as the voice of him who wrote it; and that pieces, given a complete digest of his philosophisupplementary body of ink and paper by which the cal system. The great mass of his works consists fond authors hoped to perpetuate their existence, of occasional papers :—such as his contributions and secure a second and longer life on earth, is to the Acta Eruditorum of Leipsic; and the imdead as the first tenement of flesh and blood, and mense remains of that Literary Correspondence in without a hope of resurrection. To traverse an which he was actively engaged throughout his life, old library filled with such remains, is like walking and which included the name of almost every emithrough the catacombs of a great city. Could the nent scholar and thinker of the age. In these letthought of the utter want of sympathy, the cold ters he continually repeats (as was most natural) oblivion” which awaited him, have obtruded itself fragments of his opinions ; so that the reader finds on the imaginings of those who wrought for im- that he has got most of what Leibnitz thought, mortality, it had been enough to paralyze all their long before he has read all that Leibnitz wrote, and energies, and make the pen drop from their nerve- might here, if anywhere, take a brick as a speciless hands.
men of the house. We have been led into these gloomy reflections. But yet another cause of this comparative neglect by the lot of that great and shining man, on whose is, that with all his intellectual greatness, few life and genius we are about to offer a few re-l other men have ventured to expound metaphysical marks. His name is no obscure one ; on the con- theories which depend so absolutely on mere contrary, he has achieved, if ever man did, a high jecture, or which are less adapted to invite disciEuropean reputation, and his name is laid up with ples. His Monads are unintelligible even to his those of the great of all time; and yet we believe most devoted commentators ; his Preëstablishod tnere are few, even of the utterly obscure, who, i Harmony has long since been dissolved ; and a having written so much, are read so little. It is score of other theories, and rudiments of theories, the smallest possible fraction of his works that which were suggested to his ever active genius,
cxx. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 25
lie scattered in gigantic ruins over the vast field of errors, but has brought to light some facts hitherto his labors.
unknown. Many fragments also of the philosoNor is this all. A very large portion of his pher's writings, which had remained buried in obwritings, as already said, consists of his letters. scurity, enrich Erdmann's recent edition of them. Now, not only is the Latin in which he often It would seem, indeed, as if these writings were a writes far from being Ciceronian; not only are mine which could not be exhausted. Consisting the theories he defends exploded, or the truths he for the most part of miscellaneous papers and cordevelops rendered elementary in the subsequent respondence, they were widely scattered, and were progress of science; but the books cited are long recovered only at intervals. In 1765, appeared a forgotten, the very names of the authors never quarto volume of his posthumous works, under the heard of: even the doctissimus Hackmannus and editorship of Raspe. The principal of these was the illustrissimus Kettwigius have somehow become the commentary on Locke's great work, and is enobscure :--the allusions are unintelligible, the inci- titled Nouveaux Essais sur l'Entendement Humain. dents without interest, the pleasantry insipid. This volume is of rare occurrence. The edition of
These causes are at least sufficient to show why Leibnitz's works by Dutens, in six large quartos, we ought not to wonder that Leibnitz for more published in 1768, was vainly styled Opera Omthan a century has been but little read.
Inia. It does not contain the pieces published by But it is well that those illustrious men, whose Raspe, for which Dutens, in his general preface, voluminous writings, for the reasons above as- offers no very sufficient reason. In 1805, appeared signed, will never be remembered equally with an octavo collection of unpublished letters, under those of the great poet, should have their periodi- the editorship of I. G. H. Feder. cal commemoration ; when the achievements by Dr. Guhrauer's work has considerable merit; which they benefited their own generation and all but it might have been judiciously comprised in one time shall be honorably recounted, their portraits volume, by omitting not a few digressions on colbrought out of the dusi and dampness where they lateral subjects, in which, more Germano, the auwere fading away, and the lineaments retouched thor has freely indulged. We shall also have and vivified; when some of their most pregnant occasion to point out some examples of prejudiced thoughts and weighty maxims shall be repeated in statement, into which the customary idolatries of a the ear of mankind ; and some fragments of their biographer have betrayed him. wisdom rescued from the sepulchre of their opera One of the most curious things contained in Dr. omnia. Even this is better than sheer oblivion. Guhrauer's work is a fragment of Autobiography. They have influenced the mind of the species some Fragment as it is, it gives a striking account of generations back, and through that indirectly for the author's childhood and youth, throws a flood of ever. It is something more to be permitted to do light on his intellectual history, and exhibits all this directly, in modes however limited, and for in- the prominent features of his character-even to its tervals however transient. Yielding to the instinct foibles—with a vivacity as amusing as can be of immortality, each grateful shade, thus honored, found in any composition of a similar kind. As will triumphantly exclaim, Non omnis moriar! this fragment has never appeared in English, we
Such a festival in honor of Leibnitz seems to be shall take occasion to gratify the reader by a free now in course of celebration in Germany. "Old translation of two or three paragraphs. Most of Mortality” is there going his round, and reviving the facts are repeated, again and again, in differthe imagery and inscriptions on the philosopher's ent portions of Leibnitz's rniscellaneous writings, tomb; and we could hardly hope to find a more but perhaps nowhere else so connectedly or so favorable juncture for offering our homage than the fully. present, when his works have just been repub- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz was born at Leipsic, lished at Berlin, and a new biography composed by on the 21st of June, 16-16. He may be said to have Dr. Guhrauer.
been a foster-child of literature. His father, FredWe shall commence with a sketch of his life, eric Leibnitz, was professor of ethics in the unithe rather that it is more varied than that of the versity of Leipsic. His mother was the daughter generality of literary men ; so much so, indeed, as of William Schmuck, another professor in the to increase in no small degree that wonder which same university. His mother's sister was married his prodigious attainments are calculated to excite. to John Strauch, professor in Jena, a celebrated It is difficult to reconcile so much activity and lo- jurist. comotion with such severe study. He must have | The father of Leibnitz was married thrice. He learnt that useful lesson of losing no time “in had one son by his first marriage, and one (the changing his hand," as Adam Smith expresses it: subject of this sketch) by the second. He died and of bringing his faculties to bear with resolute September 5, 1652, when the future philosopher promptitude on whatever, for the moment, exacted was only six years old. He left a moderate forattention.
tune, and a valuable library, which last the young The principal sources of the biography of Leib- Leibnitz soon began to consider the best part of his nitz are the materials left by his friend Eckhart- inheritance. It is with his introduction to these his life by Brucker, in the History of Philosophy, treasures that we commence our brief extracts from his well-known Eloge by Fontenelle—that by the Autobiography. Bailly, first published in 1768, and republished in He was sent early to the Nicolai school at Leiphis Discours in 1790—that by Kestner, published sic; but his real education seems to have been in 1769—the Memoir prefixed to several editions carried on by himself, and is described in a whimof the Theodicée, by M. Jaucourt, originally pub- sical manner in the following paragraph :lished under the feigned name of M. Neufville-a “ As I grew in years and strength I was wonpiece possessing considerable merit, and praised by derfully delighted with the reading of history, and no less an authority than Lessing and ihe recent having obtained some books of that kind in Gerwork of Dr. Guhrauer. This last author has dili-Iman, I did not lay them down till I had read them gently availed himself of every source of informa-l all through. Latin I studied at school; and no tion; and has not only corrected some previous doubt should have proceeded at the usual slow
rate, had not accident opened to me a method pe- certain points, and already meditated some novel culiar to myself. In the house where I lodged, I views, which, lest they should escape me, I comchanced to stumble on two books which a certain mitted to paper. Long after, I read some things student had left in pledge. One, I remember, was which I had written at the age of fourteen, and Livy, the other the Chronological Thesaurus of was wonderfully delighted with them." Calvisius. Having obtained these, I immediately As to his doubts, he tells us that none of his devoured them. Calvisius, indeed, I understood masters satisfied him, but only admonished him easily, because I had in German a book of uni- that “it did not become a boy to busy himself versal history which ofien told me the same things ;/ with novelties, in things which he had not suffibut in Livy I stuck no longer; for as I was ignor- ciently studied." Meantime his friends were posant of ancient history, and the diction in such sessed by a new fear. works is more elevated than common, I scarcely in “ Those who had the care of my education-10 truth understand a single line. But as the edition whom my greatest obligation is, that they interwas an old one, embellished with woodcuts, these fered as little as possible with my studies--as I pored over diligently, and read the words imme- they had before feared lest I should become a poet, diately beneath them, never stopping at the obscure so they now dreaded lest I should stick fast in places, and skipping over what I imperfectly un- scholastic subtleties ; bul they did not know how derstood. When I had repeated this operation little my mind could be filled with one class of subseveral times, and read the book over and over- jects; for no sovner did I understand that I was attacking it each time after a little interval-I un- destined for the study of the law, than, dismissing derstood a good deal more ; with all which, won everything else, I applied myself to that. * * derfully delighted, I proceeded without any dic- * * And in this way I reached my seventeenth tionary till allaost the whole was quite plain.” year, happy in nothing more than this, that my
These self-acquired accomplishments having studies were not directed according to the judgdisclosed themselves at school, Leibnitz tells us ment of others, but by my own humor; for which that his master was much shocked that his pupil reason it was that I was always esteemed chief should be making such unauthorized progress in among those of my own age in all college exer
cises, not by the testimony of tutors only, but by “My master, dissembling the matter repairs to that of my fellow-disciples." those who had the care of my education, and ad- He graduated as Bachelor of Philosophy in tonishes them that they should take care lest I 1663, at the early age of sixteen, and proceeded should interrupt my studies by a premature and to his Master's Degree in the same Faculty in the preposterous kind of reading ; that Livy was just as following year. On both these occasions, and on fit for me as a “buskin for a pigmy;' that books others of a like nature, he manifested the precocity proper for another age should be kept out of the of his metaphysical talents by the subjects selected hands of a boy, and that I must be sent back to for the customary disputations.After giving an Comenius or the lesser catechism. And without account of the dispute which prevented his offer doubt he had succeeded, if there had not been ing himself for his Doctor's Degree at Leipsic, present at the interview a certain erudite and and sent him to the University at Alldorf, Leibnitz well-travelled knight, a friend of the master proceeds of the house. He, disliking the envy or stu- " There," says he, “ I took my doctor's degree pidity of the master, who, he saw, wished to in my twenty-second year, maximo omnium apmeasure every stature by his own, began to show, plausu; for when I maintained my public thesis, I on the contrary, that it was unjust and intolerable discoursed with so much facility, and explained that a budding genius should be repressed by myself with so much clearness, that not the andiharshness and ignorance; rather, that a boy, who tors only wondered at this new and unusual &zoipela, gave no vulgar promise was to be encouraged, and specially in a lawyer, but even those who had enfurnished with every kind of help. He then de- gaged to respond, publicly acknowledged that I sired me to come to him; and when he saw that had excellently well satisfied them." I gave no contemptible answers to the questions he Refusing an offer of a professorship at Altdorf, put, he did not rest till he had extorted from my Leibnitz repaired to Nuremburg. While there, he relatives permission to enter my father's library. happened to hear of a Society of Alchemists, who At this I triumphed as if I kad found a treasure. were prosecuting, with the usual success, the I longed to see the ancients, most of whom were search after the “ philosopher's stone." He was known to me only by name-Cicero, Quinctilian, seized with a strong desire to become acquainted and Seneca, Pliny, Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, with these adepts; but, as he was absolutely igand many a Latin and Greek father. These I rev- norant of all their terms of art, he knew not how elled in as the fit took me, and was delighted with the to negotiate an introduction. Happily he recolwonderful variety of matter hefore me; 60 that, lected that their ignorance must be quite equal to before I was yet twelve years old, I understood the his own ; and so, boldly extracting from the writLatin writers tolerably well, began to lisp Greek, ings of the most celebrated alchemists, all the most and wrote verses with singular success. * * * obscure terms he could find, he composed a letter, Indeed, in polite letters and in poetry, I made of which he did not understand a syllable ; and such progress that my friends feared lest, beguiled from that moment became, if one may indulge in by the sweetness of the flattering muses, I should the paradox, as knowing as themselves. What acquire disgust for studies more serious and rug- was dark to himself was happily quite clear to ged. But the event soon relieved them from this these illuminati, who, following their usual instinct anxiety. For no sooner was I summoned to the for nonsense, or afraid to be supposed ignorant, study of logic, than I betook myself with great de- professed to augur favorably of one who could light to the thorny intricacies which others ab- write so profoundly. They invited him to assist horred. And not only did I easily apply the rules at their conferences, introduced him to their labor to examples, which, to the admiration of my pre- atory, and made him their secretary. ceptors, I alone did, but expressed my doubts on While at Nuremburg, he met with a valuab.