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they needed not for to be discouraged, for any was able to get, according to the king's former blocks that should be cast into their way, specially letters and requests ; and to make true report, by with those whereby it was manifestly discovered writing, of every man's forwardness and good will how prejudicial this work they were about was to in this behalf. the kingdom of Satan and of Antichrist, as also Nothing, probably, that ever wore a crown was how acceptable it was to Christ, the general of this addressed with more outward forms of reverence combat, for to rebuild the ruins of his beloved than the “ most dread sovereign" King James; and Zion."

the following letter from his chancellor, the Earl This was spoken in 1638, not in 1843, by cove- of Dunfermline, displays a thorough acquaintance nanters, not by non-intrusionists. We are not dis- with his learned tasks and the other peculiarities posed to argue the questions then or now under of his character, which, however, were more in discussion, which, indeed, are vitally different from accordance with the prevailing habits of the age, each other; but it is impossible not to observe how than we are wont to imagine. closely the style of the covenanters has of late - Most sacred Sovereign. been imitated; with what quiet assurance it is still

“I crave your majesty's favor that it may be assumed that the regulations of an infallible aşsembly are equivalent to iminediate declarations of lawful to me give entry to this letter, with some divine will, and that opposition can only proceed

report of the antiquity. I think to a man that has

delighted all his days in letters, writing to the most from the worst agency and the worst motives.

learned and wise king in the world, it cannot be The recent troubles of the presbytery of Strathbogie are well known. It is odd to find their pre

imputed to great amiss, albeit some memory of

learning be intermixed therein. I read that Mar decessors two centuries ago, in a very silnilar dileinma. Gordon says that “after the rising of

fcus Scaurus, a man of great renown among the the assembly, the two commissioners for the pres

"Romans, florente republica, being accused by Quinbytery of Strathbogie went to the king's commis

tus Varius of a very odious crime, that he should sioner, humbly desiring his grace to tell them what

have received money from the King Mithridates they should do, they being cast in two extremes,

for to betray the affairs of Rome : after his accuser betwixt disobedience to the king's command, and

had deduced all arguments and probations he could the members of the assembly, who were resolved

devise, he used no other defence than this, Quin. all to sit, with whom they would gladly concur,

tus Varius ait, Marcum regia pecunia corruptum, if they thought the hazard were not great to fol

rempublicam prodere voluisse. Marcus Scaurus

| huic culpæ affinem esse negat; utri magis credendum low." But let us touch no longer upon controversial mat

putatis ? Which defence was followed with the ters. It will be remembered that the feudal sove

acclamations of the whole people, condemning the reigns seldom had much money at their disposal,

accuser as a calumniator and a liar, and acknowland that their only means of exercising any exten

edging the defender's undoubted virtue and hon

esty. Master John Forbes, a condemned traitor sive hospitality was by putting in force their rights

for his rebellious and seditious conventicles, holden of purveyance and levying contributions on their loyal subjects and vassals. Accordingly, King

| as general assemblies against your majesty's James VI., his marriage being concluded, writes

& authority and command, accuses your majesty's to the Laird of Arbuthnot on the 6 penult” day of

chancellor to have given advice, counsel, or conAugust, 1589, stating his hourly expectation of the

sent to the holding of ihe said mutinous assembly. arrival of his queen, and the necessity of receiving

Your majesty's chancellor says it is a manifest lie, her, as his ambassador had been received in Den

and if it might stand with his honor and dignity of mark, with honorable entertainment. To this end his place to enter into contestation with such a he throws himself upon the good will of his loving

condemned traitor, could clearly verify the same. subjects, and earnestly desires the laird to send

Master John Forbes and all his colleagues abides him, in aid of the honorable charges to be made in

still at the maintenance and justification of that this action, such quantity of fat beef and mutton,

their assembly, as a godly and lawful proceeding. wild fowl, and venison, or other stuff, meet for

Your majesty's chancellor, by his public letters,

discharged and countermanded the said assembly; the purpose, as he could possibly provide or furnish of his own, or procure from others.

he has since condemned the said assembly as a

The royal feast, however, did not take place so soon as

seditious and unlawful deed, and all the partakers was expected; for King James's single and soli

and maintainers of the same as mutinous and seditary act of gallantry, his voyage to Norway, placed

tious persons. Your sacred majesty has to judge him at the mercy of the northern storms, raised

which of those two is most worthy of credit. Fur" by the conspiracies of witches and such devilish)

ther, I think not needful to trouble your majesty in dragons,” (several of whom were executed for this

this matter, but some information I have sent to crime,) which detained him for a whole winter.

| Mr. Alexander Hay, which it may please your He consoled himself by a free participation in

Highness to accept and hear of, when best leisure Scandinavian merryinaking, as we learn from his

from more weighty affairs may permit the same. famous letter of promise to Sir Alexander Lindsay,

So most humbly taking my leave, and praving the which is dated" from the Castle of Croneburg,

Y eternal God long to preserve your majesty in all where we are drinking and driving over in the

felicity, I rest, auld manner." [Dunbar says in The Tua maruit

“ Your sacred majesty's most humble and wemen and the Wedo, “ Thus drave they ower that

obedient subject and servitour, dear night with dances full noble."']

“Edr. 25 May, 1606." But on his

“ Dunfermline. return to Scotland, he again addresses the Laird of It is well known that persons in high station Arbuthnot, on the 11th of May, 1590, as hungrily were in many cases most carefully educated. The as ever ; and requests him, since the voyage has Earl of Gowrie, who perished in that fatal mêlée been prosperous, and the day of the queen's coro- in his castle at Perth, the victim probably of his nation is approaching, to bring up“ such support of own vindictive ambition, had lately returned from stuff and provision" as the laird had already got, or the continent, rich in all the learning and accom

plishments of Europe. The Earl of Aboyne, soning any friend who could inform him how the of the Marquis of Huntly, has left lines sufficiently world went; so that he saw many things, but obgraceful and sprightly, of which a specimen follows. served little ; for though he always was in good EARL OF A BOYNE'S LINES. *

company, yet his companions were unfit for managing affairs, as being mere scholars, and not car

ing for anything else. At length he went, in 1609, " It's not thy beauty nor thy wit,

to Paris, “where more was to be seen than in all That did my heart obtain ;

France else, by reason of the king and court's For none of these could conquer yet abiding there with all that great dependence." In Either my breast or braine ;

the next spring, Henry IV. perished by the hand And if you 'll not prove kind to me, of Ravaillac, in the midst of his warlike preparaYet true as heretofore,

tions, and Drummond in the same year returned Your slave henceforth I 'll scorn to be, home, where he soon after succeeded his brother Nor doat upon you more!"

in the earldom. The estate was but small, yet by the help of friends and honest management, it proved better than was expected. At that time the

Highland district where he lived was much disqui• Think not my fancy to o'ercome

eted by the Macgregors, and he exerted himself By proving thus unkind,

against them. “ One of the clan," he says, “ for Nor soothing smile, nor seeming frown,

reasons known to himself, alleging that his comCan satisfy my mind."

rades and followers were to betray him, was content to take the advantage and let them fall into the hands of justice. The plot was cunningly

contrived, and six of that number were killed upon “I mean to love and not to doat,

ground, where I with certain friends was present. I 'll love for love again ;

Three were taken, and one escaped, besides Robin And, if ye say ye love me not,

(the traitor) and his man. This execution raised I'll laugh at your disdain!

great speeches in the country, and made many acIf you 'll be loving, I'll be kind,

knowledge that these troubles were put to an end, And still I'll constant be ;

wherewith King James himself was well pleased And, if the time does change your mind, | for the lime." After this not very glorious exI'll change as soon as ye!”

ploit the earl married, and lived an easy life, but A very favorable account is given of the Chan

lost his wife after a few years. He sent his two cellor Dunfermline, in a little piece of autobiography

eldest sons to France, Dr. Olipher being their goyby his brother-in-law, John, second Earl of Perih.

ernor: his daughters were bred with his sister, the The “ chancellor," he says, “ was instructed with

Countess of Roxburgh, sometimes at home, and most virtues, learned, and heroic qualities, as hav

then at court, till they were married. He says

that ing spent a great part of his youth in the best towns of Italy and France, where all good literature was

“ Though all men were then quiet, vet wanted professed. A man most meek, just, and wise, de

we not our own particular grievances ; sometimes serving greater commendation than paper can con

for one cause, and sometimes for another; so that

in this life no man with reason can propose rest or The Earl of Perth's account of his own life pos

security for himself, vexation of spirit and vanity sesses that interest which a minute and naturally

often molesting us. I had much difficulty in setwritten record of occurrences, and, still more, of

tling of differences among friends and neighbors, thoughts, must always in time acquire. He was

to keep marches right, the ancient and modern originally a younger brother. Special care was

scurce of discord in Scoiland : Dandie Dinmont's taken of the education of the eldest, James, Master

plea is familiar to our readers ;] whereupon there of Drummond, who was sent to France for his edu

arose cumber and debates. Í sold some lands cation, like all Scotchmen of condition; and who

and bought others for commodity of our house, turned out very well. John was all this time little

and lived reasonably well, according to the times,

without debosh or drinking, by diet, an intolerable regarded, and was sent to the school of Dunblaine, where he was but carelessly looked to for seven or

fault, and too much approven in this unhappy age. eight years, his teachers being ignorant persons,

Ilappy are they who can eschew it in tiine, with “ using their slavish discipline, conform to their

other enorme vices whatsoever!". own humors, teaching Ramus his grammar unpro

He then laments the king's dethronement, fitable." After two years spent in Edinburgh at

and the ruin and confusion of the country, and he college, he obtained leave to go to France upon a

concludes by complaining that he had been severy mean allowance. This was in his nineteenth

th, verely fined, and his son subjected to a long imyear, in the end of 1603. After a very tedious

prisonment, and that only for a visit made by the voyage he made his way to Bordeaux, where he

son to his cousin Montrose ! Montrose, however, met with his countryman, Monsieur Balfour, prin

was not such a man that the usurping government cipal of the college, and a great mathematician, who

could well set down the visit to the score of cousinused him kindly, and with whom he remained ship only.

No contentment had I all this while, but conthree years, and more. He then went to Toulouse, a fair city, and stayed in company with Monsieur in

our tinual losses either at home or abroad ; so that in Cadan, or Kid, a learned doctor in the laws, and I præsentia, annum agens septuagesimum tertium, with Monsieur Red, a doctor in physic. For ser

For senectutis malis quasi fractus, portum exoptans renearly a year he frequented the public lectures on

quiem in Christo sempiternam expecto, 20 June,

1657." He died five years afterwards, having surthe laws, not understanding anything else, nor hav

vived the Restoration. * Published in the Spalding Club Miscellany. It is to be regretted that the Earl of Perth did + Spalding Miscellany, vol. ii.

not give us any of the details of rural life, or notice CXIX. LIVING AGE. VOL. I. 24

tain."

the changes which he must have witnessed in his there was not one acre apon the whole estate enlong and not uncreditable life. We are more for- closed, nor any timber upon it, but a few elm, syetunate in this respect at a later period. We learn amore, and ash, about a small kitchen-garden adfrom the reminiscences of Sir Archibald Grant, of joining to the house, and some straggling trees at Monymusk, in Aberdeenshire, that in his early some of the farm-yards, with a small copse-wood days, soon after the Union, husbandry and manu- not enclosed, and dwarfish, and broused by sheep factures were in low esteem. Turnips in fields, and cattle. All the farms ill-disposed and mixed; for cattle, grown by the Earl of Rothes and a very different persons having alternate ridges; not one few others, were wondered at; wheat was almost wheel carriage on the estate, nor indeed any one confined to East Lothian; enclosures few, and road that would allow it, and the rent about £600 planting very little ; no repair of roads; all bad, sterling, per annum; grain and services converted and very few wheel carriages; no coach, chariot, to money. The house was an old castle, with bator chaise, and few carts to the north of Tay. Colo-tlements, and six different roofs, of various heights nel Middleton was the first person who used carts and directions, confusedly and inconveniently comor wagons at Aberdeen; and he and Sir Archibald bined, and all rotten, with two wings, more mod. were the first to the north of Tay who had hay, ern, of two stories only; the half of windows of except a very little at Gordon Castle. Mr. Lock- the higher rising above the roofs, with granaries, art of Carnwath, the author of the memoirs, was stables, and houses for all cattle and of the verinin the first who attempted raising or feeding cattle to attending them close adjoining, and with the beath size. A Mrs. Miller was the first who attempted and moor reaching in angles or goushets to the thread or fine linen ; and the Miss Walkenshaws gate, and much heath near, and what land near the first who succeeded ; these manufactories were was in culture belonged to the farms, by which first established about Glasgow and Renfrew, by their cattle and dung were always at the door. which, and other industry, those towns made rapid The whole land raised and uneven, and full of increase ; Edinburgh and most other towns hav- stones, many of them very large, of a hard iron ing at that time but little retail trade. Aberdeen quality, and all the ridges crooked in shape of an was then poor and small, having some Dutch S, and very high and full of noxious weeds, and and French trade, by salmon, and stockings, and poor, being worn out by culture, without proper serges, and plaiding; it had the first use of tea, manure or tillage. Much of the land and moor then very scarce and little used at Edinburgh; it near the house, poor and boggy; the rivulet that supplied Edinburgh with French wines, where, runs before the house in pits and shallow streams, notwithstanding the town duties, it sold in retail in often varying channels, with banks always tagged and from taverns, at tenpence per choppin, or Eng- and broken. The people poor, ignorant, and slothlish quart. Few families, except dealers, had it in ful, and ingrained enemies to planting, enclosing, cask for use ; it was generally sent in from taverns, or any improvements or cleanness; no keeping of which were then much used. Table and body- sheep, or cattle, or roads, but four months when linen were seldom shifted, and were but coarse, oats and beans, which was the only sorts of their except for extraordinary occasions ; moving necks grain, was on the ground. The farm-houses, and and sleeves of better kinds being then used by the even corn-mills, and manse and school, all poor, upper classes of society. Many wooden, mud, and dirty huts, pulled in pieces for manure, or sell of thatched houses were to be found within the gates themselves, almost each alternate year. Peter the at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Aberdeen ; few houses First of Russia had more trouble to conquer the of any better kind stood without the gates. It barbarous habits of his subjects, than in all the should be mentioned, however, that a letter in the other great improvements he made." *** Spalding Miscellany," dated so early as 1693, It is stated in " Burt's Letters from the Highspeaks of a design at Edinburgh to cast a bridge lands," written previous to the Forty-Five, that of stone over the North Loch, to build on the other the further north you go, the smaller the cattle side, and to enclose the new taken in ground with are. At the present day, among the largest and a wall, and extend the city privileges to the en- finest fat cattle in the London market are those which closure.] The churches, abbeys, castles, and all come direct by steam from the north of Scotland. large stone edifices, the existence of which might The learned and intelligent editors of the Spaldbe thought inconsistent with a state of poverty and ing Miscellany" observe, that depression, are said by Sir Archibald to have been " The judicious measures adopted by Sir Archireared “hy foreign contributions, or the slavery bald Grant for the improvement of his estate are in and want of other employ of the people, and all in nothing more observable than the noble maases of friendship aiding each other." Robles and chiefs plantations, which, under his fostering care, aruge he thinks were tyrants under the old Scottish gor. on hill and dale. The appearance of the country ernment, and so, by their means, were the kings. must have been wonderfully changed for the better He remarks, that after the union of the crowns, be- as these woods advanced. Indeed, it is difficolt *fore that of the nations, the privy council was now to conceive that bleakness of which Sir Archtyrannical, and neither fixed property nor liberty ibald complains ; and among the many thousands existed. He states in conclusion, that "all im- of acres of wood which wete planted by this indeprovements of security, husbandry, manufactures, fatigable improver, there are trees of a size so commerce, or police, are since 1707, with which gigantic, that few, if any, can be found to equal literature in any extensive degree, except school them in Scotland." jargon, hath kept pace." Sir Archibald Grant's Sir Archibald's account of the carriages and account of his own paternal estate, is exceedingly roads receives some countenance from Lard Lor. important, (the county of Aberdeen, in which it is, at's account* of a journey from Inverness to situated, was by no means behind the greater part Edinburgh in 1710, twenty-four years later. of Scotland.) "By the indulgence of a very “I came off on Wednesday, the 30th of July, worthy father, I was allowed, 1716, though then from my own house, dined at your sister's, and very young, to begin to enclose, and plant, and provide, and prepare nurseries. At that time, • Miscellany published by the Spalding Club, vol. 11.

did not halt at Inverness, but came all night to in effect minister for Scotland under Sir Robert Corribrough, with Evan Baillie and Duncan Fra. Walpole ; to his levee, therefore, Lovat repaired, ser, and my chariot did very well. I brought my but Lord Ilay received him coldly, and after the first wheelright with me the length of Avinore in case greeting, allowed him to remain several days unof accidents, and there I parted with him, because noticed, and intimated, when he at length granted he declared that my chariot would go safe enough to an audience, that the prime minister had intelliLoador; but I was not eight miles from the place, gence from abroad of his correspondence with the when, on the plain road, the axletree of the hind pretender ; and notwithstanding that Lovat " anwheels broke in two, so that my girls were forced swered with a little warmth, that those stories were to go on bare horses behind footmen, and I was but damned calumnies and lies, and that I did not obliged to ride myself, though I was very tender and for many years write a letter beyond sea; which the day very cold. I came with that equipage to indeed is true,"' yet Lord Ilay did not say a word Ruthven late at night, and iny chariot was pulled of politics to him, and they did not meet again. there by force of men, where I got an English The Duke of Argyle, on the other hand, who was wheelwright and a smith, who wrought two days in opposition, saw Lord Lovat frequently, and so mending my chariot; and after paying very dear won his heart, that the latter declares he would for their work, and for my quarters iwo nights, I rather serve that worthy great man without fee or was not gone four miles from Ruthven, when it reward, than others with fee and reward; and broke again, so that I was in a miserable condi- although when he came to Edinburgh he was tion till I came to Dalnakeardach, where my hon- not determined to dispose absolutely of himest landlord, Charles McGlassian, told me, that the self for some time, yet, when he found the Duke Duke of Athol had two as good workmen at Blair of Argyle at the head of the greatest, the as were in the kingdom, and that I would get my richest, and the most powerful families in the chariot as well mended there as at London. Ac- kingdom, openly proclaiming and owning in the cordingly I went there and stayed a night, and got face of the sun, that he and they were resolved in my chariot very well mended by a good wright any event to recover the liberty of their country, and good smith. I thought then I was pretty se- enslaved by a wicked minister, his heart and inclicare till I came to this place. I was storm stayed nation warmed very much to that side; and being two days at Castle Drummond by the most tem- at the same time discouraged and cast off by the pestoas weather of'wind and rain that I ever re- government, from whom he found that he had member to see. The Duchess of Perth, and Lady nothing to expect, he would at once have joined Mary Drummond, were excessively kind and civil the country interest, " which he always loved." to my daughters, and to me; and sent their cham- It appears, however, that he had great difficulberlain to conduct me to Dunblaine, who happened ties to encounter, as he was regarded with avowed to be very useful to us that day; for I was not enmity and suspicion by the leaders of the party, three miles gone from Castle Drummond, when the heads of the great houses of Hamilton, Moolthe axletree of my fore-wheels broke in two in the rose, Buccleuch, Queensberry, Roxburgh, Tweedmidst of the hill, betwixt Drummond and the dale, Annandale, Aberdeen, and Marchmont. He bridge of Erdock, and we were forced to sit in the considered, however, that if he could but effect a hill with a boisterous day, till chamberlain Drum- cordial union with them, it would make bis family mond was so kind as to go down to the Strath, and a leading family on all occasions for the future, so, bring wrights, and carts, and smiths to our assist- after many serious thoughts and mature deliberaance, who dragged us to the plain, where we were tions, he resolved to join himself to the great body forced to stay five or six hours, till there was a of the nobility of Scotland, provided they would bew axletree made; so that it was dark night be- receive him as their faithful brother and friend. fore we came to Dunblaine, which is but eight The junction was negotiated by Lovat's cousin miles from Castle Drummond; and we were all and faithful friend, Lord Grange, who had belabormuch fatigued. The next day we came to Lith-ed so long at his entail; (the judge who spirited gow, and the day after that we arrived here, so away his own wife at St. Kilda, because she ihreatthat we were twelve days on our journey by our ened to betray his Jacobite intrigues ;) and though misfortunes, which was seven days more than ordi- some of the party, at first, could hardly believe his

intelligence, yet when they were convinced of the This truly disastrous journey was undertaken, not truth they received Lovat very readily, and he only for the purpose of executing an entail of the writes to his cousin, in great delight, “ that he is Lovat estate on which my Lord Grange had labored now embarked over head and ears with the noble for three years, till he could say that it was one of the army of the patriots, (most of whom were whigs best entails in Scotland,” but also with a political ob- and revolutioners,) so that he thinks that by God's ject. Lord Lovat, known in England for the audacity help he had done the greatest possible service to of his death, and long remembered in Scotland as his son and family, which he hopes will redound having practised, in various situations in life, every to the interest, honor, and glory of his kindred.” iniquity which each successive stage admitted of, As an earnest of his good will to the great men was at this time the tyrant of the north, and, aged who had received him with open arms, he told them as he was, expected to receive a great increase of that he would not only give them his vote, but that dignity and power, as Duke of Fraser and Lieu- he hoped to gain them the shire of Inverness, by tenant of the North, whenever the house of Stuart choosing his cousin, the Laird of Macleod, as should be restored. But in the mean time, he was member This election then being his affair more regarded with great suspicion by the government, than Macleod's, he begins to create votes with the and he felt desirous to secure himself by joining utmost zeal and activity. “I wish with all my one of the great political connexions of the day. heart," he says, “I had made you, and Strichen, IIis letters to his cousin, Fraser of Inverallochy, and Faralane, barons two years ago, I would not explain the game he was playing, and strongly be so much troubled as I am now about the elecmark the craft and violence of his character. The tion of Inverness. It was the fault of my damned Lacl of Ilay, brother of the Duke of Argyle, was lawyers that it was not done. However, I am re.

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solved that the Lord Lovat shall be always master for deserting of me to serve any Grant that ever of the shire of Inverness in time to come. I have was born, or any Scotsman. William Fraser, my signed, a fortnight ago, a disposition to Strichen, doer, having told me that the Laird of Grant bad to you, and to Faralane, to be barons of the shire, promised him an ensign's commission for his son, and your charters will be expede in February." providing that he would vote for his father, and

The Laird of Grant was at the head of the oppo- that he believed if I would secure an ensign's site interest in the county, and Lovat tells, with commission for his son, that he never would vote great glee, a disparaging story of him.

for the Laird of Grant, this made me resolve to "The Laird of Grant and Dalracbany, and one speak to him before his cousin, Mr. Cumming, and or two more having drunk a hearty bottle, Grant my doer William Fraser. I told Fairfield that I received a letter by express from the earl of Mur was far from desiring his loss or any hurt to his ray; and after reading it, he said that it was an family; that since the Laird of Grant promised impertinent insolent letter; and Dalrachany, think him an ensign's commission for his son, that I ing to mitigate and soften the laird, said that there would do better. Grant's promise was precarious, were some things in that letter that were not so much but that, that moment, before his cousin, Mr. Cunamiss. Upon which the laird called him rogue ming, I would give him my bond for 500l. sterling, and rascal, and took up his hand, as some obliging myself to get his son an ensign's comme say, with a cane, and gave Dalrachany a blow. sion in two months, or to give him ihe full value Dalrachany got up, and told him that he would of it in money to buy it for his son. He then suffer that blow from him as his chief, but that he most insolently and villainously(we do not rewould not suffer the second blow of any subject; member to have met with so strong a moral denunand the laird, redoubling his blow, Dalrachany en- ciation of the villany of refusing a bribe) * told gaged with him, and took him by the collar, and me that he could not accept of it, that he was utendeavoring to throw him down, he tore the laird's der previous engagements to the Laird of Grant, coat, waistcoat, and shirt down to his breeches; and that he must keep them. I own that put me and when he threw him down, he thrashed him in some passion, and told him, with some warmmost heartily, till the laird roared and cried. Upon ness, that which he said was impossible, because I which Lady Margaret that was in the next room, had a letter in my pocket from the Laird of Me came in, and seeing her husband in that pickle, Leod, wherein he says that Fairfield swore to him she roared and cried, and was so frightened that that he never would do anything against his chiefs her head turned, and is since delirious."

inclinations. I took it out of my pocket and In the great contest in which he was now en- showed it to Mr. Cumming, which stupped him gaged, Lord Lovat met with an unexpected defec- very much. I told him that Gortaleg likewise tion which roused him to unextinguishable wrath wrote to me that he desired him twice to acquaint and indignation. He naturally thought himself, me, that when he came up to Edinburgh, that he he says, very sure of all his own clan, the Frasers, would be entirely determined by me. The gen* and particularly of Fairfield, whom you know I tleman was so insolent as to tell me that both always treated like a brother, and his lady like my these letters were false. I told him that he darst sister. But" (alas for the falsehood and ingrati- not say so to the gentlemen that wrote them, who tude of man!)

were men of honor and integrity, and I bade him “ He took his journey by Castle Grant, and for go to the devil, and call bimself a Grant, and he a promise that the laird made him of an ensigncy in Strathspey ; that I would resent his behavior as to his son, the poor, covetous, narrow, greedy far as I could by law. I doubt not but Fairfield wretch has renounced his chief and his kindred, will tell all this to the Laird of Grant, and that and forgot all the favors that I did him. When Mr. Cumming will write it to the Earl of Ilay, his he came to this town, he came to my house with patron, so I may expect all the resentment that the same affectionate behavior that he used to they are capable of; and so he went away. Mr. have, and with the greatest protestations of friend- Cumming and William Fraser seemed very much ship, and I received him with open arms, and concerned for his behavior." Their morality thought I was very sure of him, since McLeod probably was shocked. But instead of wishing had writ to me, that he swore to him that he never any evil to Fairfield, (except that he is determined would do anything contrary to his chief's inclina- immediately to enforce a certain old claim of cuttions; and that Thomas of Gortuleg, who is my siderable amount against his estate,) the meek and ballie and chamberlain, and chief trustee in that patient chief is only solicitous for the personal country, whom I sent about to speak privately safety of his mutinous clansman. with my friends in favor of McLeod, had writ to “ All my fear at present is, that my cousin me that Fairfield desired him twice to acquaint me Gortuleg, who certainly is the prettiest fellow of that when he came up to Edinburgh he would be my kindred in the Highlands, (and who was also absolutely determined by me as to the election. his balie and chamberlain, and chief trustee,'] But I was surprised that, some days before he went will fall foul of Fairfield, who, I believe, is stout, away, having come here with his cousin, Mr. which is the only good quality that I can imagine Cumming, the minister, who I believe has likewise he has ; and in all events if they fight, Fairfield 15 poisoned him very much, for he is a sworn crea- undone, for if Gortuleg kills him there is an end ture of my Lord Ilay's, who made him professor of him; or if he kills Gortuleg, the universe cafof church history in this university, [Edinburgh,] not save his life if he stays in this island; for he then discovered himself to be an unnatural | Gortuleg has four cousin-germans, the most bold traitor, an infamous deserter, and an ungrateful and desperate fellows of the whole name, who wretch to me, his chief, who had done him such would take off Fairfield's head at the cross of signal services. And if I never had done him any Inverness, if they were to be hanged for it bexi other service but getting him one of the best morning. I know them well, for they have been ladies in the world, yoor worthy sister, to be his very troublesome to me by their bloody duels. wife, (which cost me both pains and expense,) who beg you ten thousand pardons, my dear cousin, fer had borne him good children, he should be hanged this very long letter ; but I entreat you seriously

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