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tional sensibilities to admit, as yet, of that serene considerable was a principle of humanity; it retrospect, and that solemn rehabilitation which the caused revolt to despair; it precluded vain and marshal's descendants should one day or other de- frequent efforts at resistance ; no formal incorpomand and obtain. “The Republic,” remarks a ration was necessary; extensions of territory were paragraphist, “ murdered Louis XVI. ;" the Em-not decreed and proclaimed, they executed and conpire, "the Duke D'Enghein ; the Restoration, summated themselves. Thus lectured the philosoMichael Ney; these are three odious stains on our pher and professor ; while generals, hardened in history: silence and resignation for the present the field, and eminently qualified to decide on the are preferable to outcries. The Revolution of nature and course of the war, honestly shuddered, July, thank God, is free from such abominable re- and invoked the disgust, the frowns, and the actions." The war in Algeria, however, remains shame of their brother peers. The havoc made and expands on the escutcheon of the July gov- with the rights, morals, and lives of the poor naerament; its horrors are so uniform and familiar, tives of Tahiti might also beget some shame and and so obscured, indeed, by national foibles and compunction. Marshal Bugeaud, in a late propassions, that they are seen and felt by compara- clamation, reckons the number of Arabs, prisoners tively few of any class of Frenchmen. In the in France, at four or five thousand. In the official chamber of peers, yesterday afternoon, the bill of bulletins, Abd-el-Kader is styled l'insaisable, the appropriations for Algeria induced a discussion of unseizable. One commander in pursuit reports the case, highly creditable to some of the orators. that the Emir, though once a lion, is now only a Count Boissy, d'Anglas, General de Castellane, fox to be tracked ; another, that he was nearly General de Cubieres, Baron Merilhou, denounced caught on the first of this month. The Russians the fell razzias and the whole character and result are preparing a new expedition against the moun of the hostilities. The first said : “Must the taineers of the Caucasus. They have their Abd French nation, that was wont to protect the weak el-Kader in Shamil, the Imaom. The recent and from the strong and practise magnanimity in the pregnant debates in the British parliament are use of its superior might, must she, now, changed margined for you in my copies of the Times and from her former self, under the sad influences of Morning Chronicle ; but you are too heavily laden the policy of July, pursue, with fire and sword, the to accept a fresh burden. In the recess of Convery same tribes to whom she proclaimed, when gress, you may be able to admit a general survey she reduced the city of Algiers, that she came not of the session of that body, and another of the to conquer them, but to deliver them from the British ministerial and parliamentary history since tyrants by whom they were oppressed." The the autumn. Permit me to direct your glance at second, de Castellane, said : “ The razzias are a present only to the debates in the House of Lords terrible and barbarous means: they cast immoral on the customs' bill, and on the question of bonded ity into the heart of the soldier; he fights and corn, (22d instant,) in which are various references ravages on his own account; his officers are una- to American production, trade, and manufactures. ble to restrain bim in the multitude of enormities Note Lord Dalhousie's exposition of the tariff which he perpetrates before their eyes. If we reform system, and the subjoined matter quoted by had, with this system, two hundred instead of our Lord Monteagle : present one hundred thousand troops, they would “The evidence of Messrs. Ashworth and Greg, perish alike in the same gulf." He advised a two eminent manufacturers examined in the comviceroyalty in Algeria, in the person of one of the mittee of their lordships' house up-stairs, fully exkiag's sons. Merilhou instituted a comparison or plained the views entertained by the manufacturing contrast between the processes of colonization and interests of this country with respect to the effects territorial acquisition in the United States and of competition. That of Mr. Ashworth was as those in Algeria, vastly to the advantage of Amer- follows: ican legislation and practice. He recommended “Do the Americans run you hard? Yes. In the formal incorporation of the conquest with many places they beat us. I believe in almost all France, that civil policy and guaranties might pre-parts of South America and the Brazils. vail. The Marquis de la Place contended ihat the “Do you not think that if the protecting duty were French generals and troops were right and glori- taken off, you would be exposed to their competious in all their measures; that the hundred mil- tion seriously in our colonies? I do not know, hons of francs spent annually, and the one hun- nor do I care for that. I do not anticipate any indred thousand men kept in Algeria, were matters jurious competition, or that the American people of congratulation ; they corrected the effects of a will ever become exporters of manufactures to an thirty years' peace on the French martial nature ; extent to do is serious harm. We are not afraid he admired the patience, the forbearance of the of them in any market in the world. We have army, considering the acts and dispositions of the nothing in our skill, we have nothing in our posiArabs! Villemain, the celebrated author and ex- tion or manufacture, to make as afraid of any minister of public instruction, handled the theme country. We have railways, we have canals, we like a rival orator to the poet Lamartine, whose have river navigation, we have coal, we have iron, eloquent reprobation of the war I have already re- we have skill and industry; in fact we have every ported. Villemain regretted the late risings of the element to make cheap goods, and we rather chalArabs, but the repression of them fortified French lenge competition than otherwise." domination. It was quite and specially providen- The evidence of Mr. Greg was to the same purtial that there was an Algeria so near to France, port: nearer than Carthage was to Rome, where France “ In coarse goods, from her water powers and could soon found and accomplish what Roman the raw material, America has great natural advanenergies and legions achieved only in the course of tages. She will beat us on her own soil; she centuries. Any system must be good that consol- will beat us on common ground, and probably will idated French rule on the African soil : France beat us in our own markets. But, when capmust be powerful for the sake of humanity and ital, skill, and labor come into large operation, as civilization; the employment of military forces so they do in the finer descriptions of goods, then we shall beat America in this country, and in every, September next at Marseilles. Among the themes common country in the world, and, if she opens propounded is this : “ Had not Dante once the her ports, in her own markets likewise. I thiok idea of composing the Divine comedy in Roman America and this country, will both be benefited Provençal ?" Thank God, he did not purse the by the exchange ; we shall get a larger proportion notion-without meaning to disparage that dialect of coarse goods, and she will get a larger propor- or its poets. tion of fine goods; both will be able to get a Reinaud, of the Institute, has translated from larger proportion of what they want. Yet these the Arabic, and published in two small volumes, gentlemen had been held up as authorities to show authentic and curious Arab and Persian travels in that the English manufacturers, under a system China in the ninth century. The Anthropology of free trade, would be beaten by the foreigners. of Bossa—the Influence of the Passions on the Could there be a more extraordinary misapplication Economical Order of Communities, by Villeneuveof evidence? (Hear, hear.)"

Bargemont; Bécbard's Abuse of Centralization in

France; the Penitentiary System, by Dr. FourParis, July 2, 1846. cault; the Treatise of Medical Nosography, five La Revue des Deur Mondes, issued on the first octavos, by Bouillaud; the fourth and last volume instant, contains no political article of significance, of Pictet's Paleonthology ; the second royal octavo but much interesting literary matter. According of the principal French Political Economists of the to its political chronicle at the end, the Anglo- Eighteenth Century; the Report of the Royal Saxon race in our Union is destined to become a Academy of Medicine on the Plague and Quaransmall minority of the population ; the French in tines, large octavo; Baron Hearion's General the South, the Irish spread everywhere, and History of the Catholic Missions, are among the " hating the native Americans," and the immense new French publications, for the value of which I Gerinan emigration will absorb that race. Then could undertake to vouch. will come the Mexican generations to cross the Louis Blanc, author of the History of the Govbreed again ; yet“ the fusion of the various Euro-vernment of July, which has passed through many pean nationalities is a singular-admirable fact," by editions, has in the press a History of the French which Providence must intend some glorious issue. Revolution, in ten volumes, to supersede or rival If there be anything really wonderful, it is the that of Mr. Tbiers, of whom, certainly he does not assimilation of all the nationalities to the American fall very short in capacity or vogue. We have an type; the final predominance of the Anglo-Saxon octavo, entitled Oregon, a geographical, satistical, nature, by which we see the formation of a and political survey, with a map of the Pacific national American spirit and unity beyond the coasts, by Mr. Fedix, who explored British armountains, upon which we may rely more than on chives. It is quite a handsome volumerather the motley semi-foreign character of the seaboard. late. A few days ago the two extant volumes of In the chronicle of the preceding number of the the Geographical, Statistical, and Historical DieReview the military means and prowess of the tionary of Spain, by Don Pascual Madoz, came United States are invidiously beliitled, and they within my ken at Baudry's establishment. The are cautioned against attempting to establish author is a distinguished man of letters and polsthemselves now in California, lest they should tician ; the volumes (in Spanish) sustain the old not prove able to maintain their foothold against renown of Madrid for beautiful typography Europe.

The British ambassador, Lord Cowley, has jost A French traveller has contributed to La Rerue returned to this capital from a visit to London. thirty-two curious and engaging pages on the His errand-according to the French press-was women and the slave-market of Grand Cairo. to vote for Sir Robert Peel's grand measure, and Whoever would learn what the bondage and gen- to consult with Lord Aberdeen, after conferences eral condition of the Fellahs, and what the govern with Mr. Guizot, on the policy of Europe in regard ment of Mehemet and Ibrahim are, must cousult to your Mexican war. The Paris Siècle of yester the new volume (Egypt in 1845) of Schälcher, I day says : “ Lord Aberdeen has returned to Paris the philanthropist, who travelled to the East in to involve the French cabinet in a joint mediation. order to determine whether there existed a slavery If this be refused, England will submit to the anworse than that of the negroes in the western nexation of California, and perhaps of Yucatan, as world. You shall have from me some account of she did to that of Texas." Some of our joumalits details and conclusions.

ists decide that the necessity or extreme expedrHonor seems to me due from all Americans to ency of the incorporation of Texas is demonstrable an octavo in French, beautifully printed, which I by the very Mexican war and the Oregon settlehave just received from Brussels, with the titlement. The propositions of war made by the “Enquiries into the Situation of Emigrants to the Mexican cabinet to their congress; the hostile United States of America," by Baron A. S. Pon-proclamations of Mexican presidents and generals: thoz, first secretary of the Belgian legation at ihe formation and march of invading armies; the Washington. A notice of this fair, sensible, I attacks by the Mexicans on the Rio Grande-are authoritative work, the fruit of personal investiga. | all cited here, as complete exoneration of the tion in an extensive well-chosen tour, and of truly | Washington government from the charge of ago humane and patriotic dispositions, which I read in gression. It is wondered how the British editors a Belgian journal, induced me to enter the title can venture to prefer this charge, immediately some weeks ago in my memorandum-book. It after their vindication of the government of British entirely corresponds in modest desert and pertinent India in the case of the Sikh conflict, there being usefulness to the expectations which that favorable a singular parity of alleged circumstances. A notice raised. It is not often that he leisure of journalist adds that the United States are so strong diplomatic secretaries is so happily employed. and advantageously situated that they may resort Mr. Brantz Mayer set a good example in his to settle their own affairs on the American cood Merico.

nent, without ever admitting or undergoing Euro A congrege of savans is to be held on the ts pean mediation.

The ministry here have refused to license for- from him letters which indicated confidence in mally and entirely the new society or free-trade the accomplishment of new labors in philology, league ; but they allow it to organize itself and the branch of science in which Europe could transact business, provisionally. It would be re- hardly signalize a superior to a Pickering, within cognized, were not the elections so near at hand. her numberless circles of learning and authorIt has an able temporary bureau or committee, ship. consisting of eminent savans, peers, deputies; pro- The main paper of the latest bulletin of the fessors and authors in political economy.

Paris Geographical Society is the report of the It is noted that Ibrahim Pacha receded from a distinguished committee of five, on the annual tour in Ireland, when he had got to Belfast, not-prize for the most important discovery in geograwithstanding O'Connell's fond interview with him phy. The committee restrict themselves to the of three quarters of an hour. The Liberator's enterprises and labors executed or terminated in antipathy to slaveholding disappeared in this in- 1843. They record several very useful expestance.

ditions and works. A liberal paragraph is beConformably to arrangements between the latestowed on Lieutenant Fremont's performances, pope and Czar Nicholas, the status of the Catho and Mr. Jonah Gregg's excursions are described. lics in Russia is to be satisfactorily determined and Nor is Mr. Thomas Falconer forgotten. Particusecured. The Czar has appointed a committee, at lar mention is made of Schomburgk's exploratory St. Petersburg, to investigate their grievances, travels in British Guiana ; M. de Wrede's and rights, and general situation ; and one of the mem- those of Captain Haines in Arabia ; Don J. de bers is a Catholic. Nesselrode is the chairman ; Garay's examination of the Isthmus of Tehuantewhich is thought of the best augury. O'Connell pec; and of the travels of Theophilus Lefebre and may lose one of his favorite topics of invective Dr. Beke in Abyssinia, between whom the annual against Nicholas.

prize of the academy is divided. In the beginning Don Henry, the candidate the most popular in of the seventeenth century the Portuguese had Spain for Queen Isabel's hand, has just dined at great influence and considerable factories in Abys. the Tuileries, alter formal presentation by Marti- sinia. There existed then a great number of Dez de la Rosa, the Gallico-Spanish representative. Christian churches, dating from the fourth century. Don Henry is regarded as passing under the scru- Their creed was, in substance, the Roman Cathotiny of Louis Philippe-ihe Neapolitan match lic, with some difference of rites akin to those of having become forlorn. We have another lion in the Greek church. The same religion subsists in the Duke of Soto-Mayor, ambassador for England, a certain number of towns and other inhabited on furlough, son of the late Marquis of Casa Yrujo, places; it is held sacred so far as to render them and grandson of the late Governor McKean, of inviolable. Pennsylvania. When his respectable uncle, of Mr. Rochet is thanked for having brought from that state, a few months ago, called on him in Lon- the kingdom of Choa a considerable quantity of don, he threw his arms about the relative's neck, the plant Brayera anthelmintica, which most effiand reminded him endearingly of the sports of his caciously expels the tape-worm. At Montpellier, childhood in Philadelpbia.

Toulon, and even in Paris, the tea-plant has prosThe public schools maintained by the state, the pered, to the delight of the Royal Society of Agridepartments, and the townships in France are culture. The traveller Hellert's accounts of the more than forty-two thousand. There are seven- geography of the Isthmus of Darien are commemoteen thousand private schools. The aggregate of rated as precious and exact. A member of the pupils is about three millions. The budget for French mission to China contributes to this bulleprimary education is nearly two and a half millions tin a minute description of the island of Basilan, of francs.

the largest of the Solo or Holo groupe, and he Both chambers have agreed to the appropriation represents it to be superior in soil, climate, proof three hundred thousand francs for the publica- ducts, and commercial facilities to any other of the tion, ander ministerial auspices, of the work of Archipelago. The London Morning Chronicle Botta and Flandin, on the remains discovered on of the 26th ultimo dwells on the value, for Great the site of the ancient Nineveh. It was reported, Britain, of the island of Labuan, as a naval and chiefly advocated in the chamber of deputies, station or harbor of refuge. You may accept by the Jewish deputy and lawyer, Cremieux, who the first paragraph of the Chronicle's article of said : " Luckily, this is a matter of rivalry be- alarm : tween France and England ; British consuls and “Events appear at length to be assuming a artists have been digging, and are preparing a character in the Indian Archipelago which must similar work : you cannot refuse." "The argu- command the attention of the British government. ment prevailed at once.

Every maritime power is actively at work there I know not to whom I am beholden for the but ourselves. The Americans, hitherto, may sketch of the Life, Character, and Writings of the perhaps be said to be only on the look-out; but the late John Pickering, of Salem, contained in the Dutch, whose position gives them many advanBoston Daily Advertiser of the 10th June. For tages, are proceeding with the utmost vigor and me it was both welcome and melancholy; I energy to appropriate to themselves all the combonored the whole being of Mr. Pickering, and manding points, whether for commerce or for my duty will not be fulfilled until the sketch has political influence. Their projected expedition passed into the hands of some member of the against Bali will, if successful, give them an unFrench Institute, by whom it may be used for that doubled ascendency over a rich and fertile island, body. America possessed few such scholars ; his containing at least one million of inhabitants, and productions and name are of high repute and supplying the materials of a most lucrative trade. authority in this meridian. The learned world Other encroachments, still further east, are secretly that appreciated the savant should know what the contemplated by them-we mean against the naman was-how worthy of equal esteem and re- tive chiefs, who have neither injured nor molested gret. It is only a few months since I received them."

ya

Viscount Victor Hugo pronounced a magnilo- mission of Mr. Hood for a compromise. The quent exhortation to the government to endeavor crops of every description in France are likely to at once to repair and arrest the ravages of the seas be excellent. Nothing fresh from the new pope. on the French coasts, especially northward and in Portugal a chaos; Spain, volcanic ; Germany, the channel. They are changing, with grievous progressive ; Poland, subdued ; Switzerland, disdamage, the whole configuration. Banks, houses, iracted ; lialy, quiet, though malcontent. Sir villages are washed away. Here and there a Robert Peel has left an arduous programme for his lonely church shows only the steeple and upper successors. windows. From the mouth of the Somme to that of the Seine, the devastation is dreadful. Havre The case of Count Léon against the Countess and other poris, Dieppe above all, may soon be de Luxbourg was heard again by the civil tribunal ruinously invaded. The fishermen are driven off. of the Seine. The circumstances of this case A peer wished to know how the Mediterranean inust be fresh in the memory of most of our readcould be prevented from receding, as it does, from ers. It may not be amiss, however, to briefly the French shores ; as the ocean from Newfound- retrace some of the leading points. Count Léon land. Within the ten years past the French gov- is the reputed son of Napoleon by the Countess de ernment has appropriated about a hundred and Luxbourg, formerly Mme. Denuelle de la Plaigue. fifty-six millions of francs to the improvement He was provided for and educated by direction of (amelioration) of the maritime ports.

the late emperor, and a considerable sum of money Of the proceedings on Thursday, the most inter- was invested to create an annual income for his esting part was, first, a harangue of one of the support. The count, having expended his probureaus of the Free Trade Society, on the wisdom perty, applied to his reputed mother for the means of a revision and modification of the French tariffs, of subsistence, and, not meeting with success, he in which I mark these sentences : “ Remember the brought an action against her to compel her to admirable preambles to the ordinances of our kings allow him 6,000fr. annually. This has been reon liberty of trade in grain. That of 1774, which sisted chiefly on the ground that there was no embraces all the elements of the great doctrines of proof of his being the son of the countess. The Adam Smith, preceded by two years the first pub-count, therefore, has since brought forward a numlication of bis work, the Wealth of Nations, that ber of documents to show that he is the son of has served as a text for the repeal of the British Napoleon, and that the Countess de Luxbourg is corn laws. Gentlemen, let us restore to our coun- really his mother. Amongst the papers produced try what belongs to her ; let no one of her glories by M. Crémieux, his counsel, was a letter written expire by non-assertion." The other important to the count in 1845, by the Prince Canino, brocontribution to the debate was from the Baron de ther of the Emperor Napoleon, in which he speaks Bourgoing, Minister of France for one of the Ger- of the count as his relation, with an enclosure, man kingdoms, who related how the troops for the being a letter of recommendation from the prince suppression of the Polish insurgents were sent by to a female cousin, in which he calls the count his the railroads, proving the facility of conveying any nephew. The court declared that the defendant number of all arms, with the utmost despatch. was the mother of the plaintiff, and adjudged her Seven hundred infantry were placed in twenty- to make him a provision of 4,000fr. pendente lile, three cars in five minutes, and travelled six leagues reserving the question of 6,000fr. per annum de the hour.

manded by the count.

July 4. l The Minister of the Marine, convinced of the Enclosed are eight pages, de omnibus rebus, writ- advantages of ihe galvanization of iron, has ordered ten at Versailles, yesterday and the day before, in a 20-gun brig and another vessel, now being built my early morning leisure. At this moment the of iron at Brest, to be subjected to this process. weather is too hot for the preparation of a formal! A LETTER from Vienna states that M. Negrelli, epistle. What remains in my note-book of his. : torical and political interest you shall have by the

inspector-in-chief of railways, was to set out in a steamer of the 19th instant. Let me offer you the

few days to examine the line marked down by the

he engineer for the Great Gallician Railway, which is compliments of the glorious anniversary. Our

to be commenced in the spring. Its length is to country has never had stronger motive or ampler

be about 350 English miles. reason to rejoice in its independence and growth. The Americans in this capital are, I believe, all! The coronation of Oscar I. and his consort Eusatisfied with the terms of the Oregon convention. genia, daughter of Prince Eugene de Beauharnais, The Paris writers decide that our government has as King and Queen of Norway, is fixed to be held achieved, on the whole, a capital bargain. All the on the 15th October next, on which occasion the London organs profess to be more or less content. Storthing will be convoked. The Paris pipers of this morning furnish no com

The quarantine question will be seriously disments on American matters. I must except the cussed among the other important inquiries to be Sècle, which repeats that Lord Cowley returned Jentered upon at the meeting of the Scientific Conin all haste from London to arrange a joint media-gress of Italy. lion in behalf of Mexico. As Russia has considerable interests on the Pacific coast, she is

The Chambers of Commerce are about to be solicited to unite in guarantving the Mexican terri-called upon to examine the propriety and advantory. If the Czar should consent. Mr. Guizot will tages of establishing a French factory at Canton, adhere, and the three powers then proclaim al)

proclaim with branch offices of agency at Macao, Manilla, European concert for the maintenance of the land Java. American equipoise. No disquisition yet in the The France says: “We are able to state that, Debats on the Oregon adjustment. The British in September next, there will be a meeting of the and French cabinets are understood to have grown three sovereigns of Russia, Prussia, and Austria, sick of the La Plata mediation, and to rely on the at Vienna."

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 119.-22 AUGUST, 1846.

th

From the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal. 1 I repeat, that the readers of the Annuaire ought

not to expect to find here a complete investigation ARAGO ON THE WEATHER.

of the problem which I have taken up. My sole Is it possible, in the present state of our knowledge, intention is to lay before them a few facts, which,

to foretell what Weather it will be at a given time taken in connexion with those which I shall anaand place? Have we reason, at all events, to ex- lyze in a second notice, appear to me to lead to pect that this problem will one day be solved? By this conclusion. M. ARAGO, Perpetual Secretary of the French

BETWEEN WHAT LIMITS THE MEAN TEMPERATURES Academy of Sciences, &c. &c.

OF YEARS AND MONTHS VARY IN OUR CLIMATES. Engaged as I am, both from inclination and duty, in meteorological studies, I have often asked

The meteorological state of a given place, is myself if we should ever be able. by a reference to much less variable than those would be led to beastronomical considerations, to deiermine, a year lieve who judge of it by their personal sensations, in advance, what shall be the state, in a given

by vague recollections, or the condition of the vlace, of the annual temperature, the temperature crops. Thus, at Paris, the mean temperature of of each month, the quantities of rain compared years ranges within very narrow limits. with the ordinary mean, the prevailing winds, &c.1. The annual mean?

The annual mean temperature of Paris, from have readulaid before he readers of the Ars1806 to 1826 inclusive, has been + 10°.8 centinuaire the results of the investigations undertaken grade, (54

undertaken grade, (54o.4 Fahr.) The greatest of 21 annual by natural philosophers and astronomers, regard- means does not exceed the general mean by more ing the influence of the moon and of comets on the

he than 10.3, (20.3 F. ;) the lowest of the mean anchanges of the weather. These results clearly nual temperatures has been found below the genshow, in my opinion, that the influences of both eral mean only by 1°:4, (20:5 F.) As far as re

e bodies are almost insensible, and therefore lates to mean annual temperatures, systematic methat the prediction of the weather can never be teorologists have, therefore, no need of foresight a branch of astronomy, properly so called. And i to predict only slight perturbations. The causes yet our satellite and comets have, at all periods,

of disturbance will satisfy all the phenomena, if been considered as preponderating stars in mete

they can produce, more or less, 10.5 of centigrade orology.

variation, (20.7 F.) Since the publication of these opinions, I have

It is not the same with regard to the months. regarded the problem in another aspect. I have

ct. I have The differences between the general means and considered whether the operations of man, and oc- the partial means extend, in January and Decemcurrences which will always remain beyond the ber, to 4 and 5 centigrade degrees, (7° to 9° F.) range of our foresight, might not be of such a na. ture as to modify climates accidentally, and in a from indulging in any illusion on this subject. Hundreds very sensible manner, in particular with regard to of persons who have gone through a regular course of temperature. I already perceive that facts will

will university studies, will not fail, in 1816, as they had done

on former occasions, 10 ply me with such questions as the answer in the affirmative. I should have wished, following, which it is truly pitiable to hear in the present however, not to publish this result till after I had day: Will the winter bé severe? Think you that we finished my investigations ; but I must frankly own, shall have a warm summer, a humid autumn ? This is that I wished to have an opportunity of protesting a very long and destructive drought ; do you think it is decidedly against the predictions which have every

near an end ? People think that the April moon will

I produce great mischief this season-what is your opinyrar been attributed to me, both in France and in ion ? &c. &c. In spite of the little confidence I have in other countries. Never has a word escaped my predictions, I affirm that in this case the event will not lips, either in private or in the course which I have deceive me. Nay, for some years past have I not been delivered for upwards of thirty years ; never has a

put to a still severer proof? Has not a work been publine published with my consent, authorized any one

lished, entitled “Lectures on Astronomy, delivered at the

Obserratory by M. Arago, collected by one of his Pupils ?" to iniagine it to be my opinion that it is possible, I have protested a dozen times against this work; I have in the present state of our knowledge, to announce, shown ihat it swarins with inconceivable errors; that it with any degree of certainty, what weather it will is beneath all criticism whenever the author ceases to embe a year, a month, a week. I shall even add, a ploy his scissors on the notices of the Annuaire, and is single day, in advance. May the indignation I

reduced to the necessity of drawing a few lines from his

own resources. Vain efforts! These pretended Lectures have felt at seeing a multitude of ridiculous predic on Astronomy at the Observatory have, however, reached lions appear under my name, not constrain me, by no less than a fourth edition. The laws have made no the force of reaction, to give an exaggerated de- provision against what I shall call this scientific calumny. gree of importance to the disturbing causes I have

es I have What must be done when the law is silent ? Submit with

resignation? A sensitiveness which will not appear surenumerated! At present, I believe that I am in a

am a prising to any who have seen the book in question, will condition to deduce from my investigations the im- not allow me to be satisfied with resignation. My posiportant result which I now announce; Whatever tion having become intolerable, I have made up my mind mau be the procress of sciences. NEVER will observers to publish myself the Lectures which have been so outwho are trust-worthy, and careful of their reputa

rageously disfigured. Since it has become necessary, I

shall abandon for a time the plans for original investigation, venture to foretell the state of the weather. *

tions which I had formed, and devote the time I wished

to employ in delicate experiments, fitted to illustrate * This explicit declaration may give me a right to points of the science still enveloped in grcat obscurity, 10 expect that I shall no longer be compelled to play the the preparation of a work intended to popularize astronopart of Nostradamus or Mathew Lensberg; but I ain far my. May this work be in soine degree useful.

cxix. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 22

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