« VorigeDoorgaan »
grenouille, and merle courante, occasion doubtfulltioned, whenever there is inflammation in the foot, mirth to the parfait marechal of France.
no horse will stand on it; and “pointing," in all Be the names and uses of the frog what they its varieties, is a sure indication of an attempt to may, the horny wall of the hoof protects three relieve the navicular joint, and to shift the seat of bones in its interior-the coffin, coronet, and navi- pain. It is not a “trick," as the dealer will say: cular : the former is let down to the point of the for a horse is too sensible a beast to inconvenience hoof, and represents the first bone of the great toe his whole frame-he never plays any tricks on of the human foot; more correctly speaking, the himself, not even a frolicsome bit of bishoping" whole foot of the horse is one toe ; the action will or exhilarating " figging." be understood by comparing it to that of the fore-1 The progress of disease in the foot is almost imfinger of our hand, the knee doing the functions of perceptible, and the development of lameness the wrist ; a nail driven into this coffin renders a gradual ; the spur of a brutal rider and the natural horse dead lame. Nature has placed the second courage of a generous animal will cause much pain bone, the coronet, on the top of this coffin, as is to be borne without flinching, but endurance has done at august funerals. The third bone, the its limits : first the step is shortened, then the navicular, is placed midway behind the two others : ground is struck less forcibly-yet yield at last he although very small, “ being only 21 inches long must in the unequal struggle of nature against in a horse of 16 hands high,” it often bears his iron; and after sinking his head and neck to rewhole weight, and from doing all the hard work is move their weight from the feet, down he comes, the “navie" of the locomotive concern ; it rests decidedly lame, to the surprise of his master, who, on a cushion that is interposed between it and the from never suspecting the growing evil, overlooks frog, and which is softer than those eider-down the real cause, and attributes the casualıy to some pillows on which Cornish miners dream of the re- recent accident, “my stupid groom," &c. Mr. duction of duties on feathers; a tendon passes Miles considers warranties, certificates, &c., to be under the navicular, whose pulley action is facili- excellent papers where with to light cigars : his tated by the secretion of a natural grease. The earnest advice to a gentleman who has just booght slightest injury causes inflammation ; and " a speck a horse is, to set perseveringly to work by good in the bone no larger than a pin's head produces a shoeing, a loose box, and plenty of exercise, to lameness that defies human art." Neptune there- endeavor to make him sound ; and those who folfore, veterinarily speaking, was right, when in low his suggestions will at least have the best creating the horse marine, he substitnted a tail for chance of attaining this consummation devoutly to the hind legs, by which a pair of these ticklish be wished for. naviculars were avoided.
1 In shoeing a horse properly, which requires two Julius Cæsar, if Pliny and Suetonius write truth, I good hours, and is very seldom done, ihree points rejoiced in a steed who had human fore-feet, which require consideration : the previous preparation of probably were booted like his grooins. Another the feet, the form of the shoe, and ihe manner of Augustan horse-fancier buskined the feet of his fastening it on. As a general rule, a horse should favorite nag with plates of silver ; while Poppea, never be shod in his own stable, but always taken the extravagant wife of Nero, used gold for her to the forge, where, if the shoe does not fit, it can mules. Caligula made a consul of his horse-a be altered, which cannot be done at home, where job, beyond doubt, since modern authorities find the foot must be fitted to the shoe. Many foolish asses to answer equally for such onerous employ-farriers put the foot in order, as they call it, by ment. Be that as it may, classical farriery, when rounding it, which they fancy looks pretty. This the agricultural inind was instructed in hexame- they effect by cutting away the hoof of young ters, is a trifle too poetical for practical men of this colts, and pinching their feet like those of Chinese prosaic age of iron; and an ordinary quadruped ladies, until they can scarcely walk. Where nanaturally requires double attention, since the ture perseveres in one form, man, whether making greater the number of feet, the greater the chances shoes of iron or satin, cannot easily amend the of risk from accident or ignorance. A four-footed shape. If the horse's foot be feltered, iis expanbeast that has not one leg to stand upon is not sion is circumscribed, by which elasticity is lost likely to lead to much breaking of the lenth com- and unsoundness originated. The first step before inandment.
putting on a new shoe is the taking off the old one ; “There is, however," says our author, “ per- the nails must be gently drawn out, which requires haps no word in the English language which in its as much tact as in managing those of the foot hutrue signification implies so much, and in its usual man; all wrenching off, all dragging them vioone means so little, as the epithet “ sound” when lently through the crust, distresses the patient, applied to horses' feet. The great latitude ex- who struggles to get free as a man does from a tended to the meaning of words in horse-dcaling rough chiropodist. Forcible extraction injures the transactions has shorn it of every attribute which laminæ of the hoof, which, if once separated, never gave it value, until it conveys no other guaranty reünite, but form “ shaky places," at which good than this, that the horse is not palpably lame in farriers quake. The shoe once off, the edges of one foot only; for if he chance to be lame in both the hoof are to be rasped, and the sole pared out, fore-feet, the pain of allowing the weight to rest as a thick one impedes the descent of the coffin upon either will cause him to pass it as quickly as bone. An operator errs oftener by removing 100 possible from one to the other, and not only save little than too much-the frog excepted, although him from condemnation, but most probably gain from its being cut as easily as Gruyere cheese, and for him the reputation of being a quick stepper." its then looking so smooth and clean, “it requires -p. 42.
more philosophy than falls to the share of most Beware nevertheless of hinting, however deli-smiths to resist the temptation to slice away." cately, that a gentleman's horse's feet are un- Mr. Miles, after defining country farrier experience sound, since the indignation of the owner is almost to be an “untiring perseverance for years in one as sure to be aroused thereby as if you suspected unvaried plan,” and that generally a mistaken one, his wife ; yet, although the fact need not be men-observes that when gentlemen are contented to re
main without knowledge, smiths who shoe by rote heels are made bare just where the navicular joint may be excused-for, after all, they neither wear is the most exposed ; and if that be inflamed, what the shoes aor ride the horse. The wonder is truly must the agony be when the unprotecied foot that the owner, however learned and dainty as re-treads on a sharp flint? The horse “ falls sudgards his own calceolation, on which the comfort denly lame," or " drops as if he had been shot” of walking depends, remains indifferent to that of --" phrases in much too common use to require the animal by which he is carried. A good mas- explanation ;' and small is the pity which the sufter ought to be able to direct what should be done, fering animal meets with from man; who, having and to know if it be well done, which he never will first destroyed the use of his victim's feet, abuses accomplish without some inkling of farriery. The him because he cannot go; and imputes “ groggi" far-spread prejudice of opening out the heels, and ness” to him as a crime, as if he were in liquor carving the frog into shape at every shoeing," hor- like a groom, and not in agony. rifies our kind author, who never would allow the The errors of a vicious shoe, and the merits of knife to approach it; for what is sport to the far- a good one, are set forth by Mr. Miles in several rier is death to the frog. This elastic organ, when drawings which he has lithographed himself. By bared of its thin covering texture, cannot stand the placing the two specimens in odious comparison, dry hard road, but shrivels up and cracks, while ihe reductio ad absurdum is complete. He was enthe edges wear into exfoliations called “rags,” | abled to offer this treat to the public by having which a tidy smith cuts away because unsightly. most fortunately purchased a horse in Devonshire Their separation should be left to 'nature, for the with four genuine Damnonian shoes, in which all frog casts of these worn-out teguments as a snake possible defects were concentrated. The originals does his old skin, or a child its first tooth, when a are nailed over his stable door, to the terror of new one formed behind is ready to take its place. every witch, farrier, and old woman in the west
The form of the shoe is a question of great con- of England. A propos de bolles, when a shoe is sequence to the horse, and of not less difference of properly forged, there is no danger in applying it opinion among men : it has perplexed the mind so hot to the hoof as to burn the crust, since irregveterinarian from Solleysel, the father of the art, ularities of the surface are thus discovered and down to the “college;' nor can any general rule easily removed. In fixing, or putting on the shoe, be laid down, or any standard pattern given, since it should rest only on the horny rim of the hoof: it every horse has his own particular foot, just as must not press on the sole, and thus cramp its every farrier has his own pet conundrum. A wise springy operation ; or encumber the heels, where smith will be governed by the circumstances of the crust is the thinnest and the power of expanevery individual case, and will endeavor to make sion the greatest. As to the very important manhis artificial protection conforın as nearly as possi- ner of fastening it on, and number of nails to be ble to the model set before him by nature—that used, Mr. Miles, wishing to ascertain with how guide who never leads astray. The varieties of few this could be effected, began with seven for horseshoes in the “ book," the “panton," the the fore-feet and eight for the hind ones, which he "expanding," the “ paratrite,” &c., exceed those gradually reduced 10 five and six. This limited in the shops of Hoby and Melnotte. Mr. Miles number has been found to answer perfectly, and has carefully considered the works of his predeces- our author's views were entirely corroborated by sors, and being a thorough master of the anatomy an intelligent and practical bagsman whose life is of the horse's foot, has produced, by a judicious spent on horseback, and by the veterinary surgeon selection of the best points of each, coupled with of a dragoon regiment accustomed to escort the his own original invention, a result which leaves queen at tip-top pace. Thin small nails are the nothing to be desired. His shoes, however, will best, as making the smallest holes in the crust; be better understood by one glance at his engraved they should be driven into the outer quarter, where specimens than by pages of letter-press; suffice it the crust is the thickest, and not forced in too therefore to say that the prevalent notion, that high, but with the points brought out as soon as shoes cannot be too light, is an error. Horses, ex- possible, and clenched down broadly, and then cept at Astley's, are not required to dance; and not too neatly rasped away, which weakens their an ounce more or less, which makes too little dif- hold. The heels and inside quarters are to be left ference in weight either to strain or weary the free. The misery and destruction entailed on back sinews, prevents a shoe bending, and affords horses by nailing their shoes on both sides of the greater protection to the sole and frog. The shoes feet are entirely obviated by this simple system of should be of equal thickness throughout, with a flat one-sided nailing, which is unquestionably the disground surface, as those with high heels, which covery that does most honor to modom farriery ; asinine smiths make in imitation of their own, are accordingly its adoption is pressed upon al owners dangerously absurd. The toe, which ought to be and lovers of the noble animal, by Mr. Miles, with raised, is thus lowered, and Nature's plan re- arguments that must carry conviction to all who Versed, who elevates the point in order to avoid have heads. This grand specific diminishes at obstructions. The web should be wide, and of once the continual struggle between the expansion the same width throughout, instead of being of the foot and the contraction of the iron. Thus pinched in, because the Vulcan operator "likes to fitted on, the shoe becomes a real comfort and prosee the shoe well set off at the heels." This is tection to the wearer, instead of being a torment both unphilosophical and detrimental; it deceives and incumbrance, and the foot is left nearly in a the eye of man and injures the foot of the horse. state of nature. From the ease which this gives “The outer edge of the foot rests on the inner the animal, one-sided nailing will often cure the edge of the shoe, and the remaining width of the habit of “culling," or of spoiling his silk stockweb projects beyond the hoof;" so that a masterings, as old Solleysel terms this uncomfortable who thinks his horse has a good open foot, only trick. has to be proud of a bad open shoe, which both con- It is also the surest method of preventing corns, ceals deformities underneath and "invites with open which are the curse of the stable, and, if Mr. Eiarins a bad road to come and do its worst." The senberg's testimonials be not mere puffs, of the house of lords. These corns, white in the feet of worth Lord George Bentinck's consideration, when noblemen, are, it may be remarked, red in those ever, his present race being over, the kind stars of horses, being the result of lacerated inflamed permit him to exchange the corrupt atmosphere, blood vessels ; for what is called a "corn," being tricks, and politics of St. Stephen's for the freshin fact a bruise, is produced by pressure from the aired downs of Newmarket, where, says Mr. heels of the coffio-bone, which itself suffers from Bracy Clarke, in his luminous Podopthora, "wealth, loss of expansive power in the hoof, since Nature, learning often, and horses, do go hand-in-hand.** who abhors sinecures worse than Joseph Hume, Note also this wrinkle for fox-hunters :--Dever, never continues the same measure of effective rep when the season is over, let the horses' feet rearation to structures which are not employed, that main cramped up in short hunting-shoes, but she does to those constantly occupied in their allot- relieve them by longer ones, just as the rider exted tasks.
changes his top-boots for slippers : an easy shoeThe corn in the horse as well as his master blessings on the man who invented il-comforts a arises from tight shoes, and the crying evil is best groggy, overhunted horse as much as it does a remedied by taking them off, and letting the pa- gouty, overhaunched mayor. tient stand all day on wet sawdust in a loose box ; Mr. Miles, duly estimating the advantages of this answers every purpose of turning him out to freedom of motion, had long converted his stablegrass, without any exposure to colds, accidents, or stalls into boxes, from a dislike at seeing his hobthe organic injuries which arise from over-disten-by-horses treated worse than wild beasts, who at sion of the stomach and bowels. Under all circum- least are allowed to traverse their den. Loose stances, the shoes should be removed every two or boxes are too generally left untenanted because po three weeks, according to the work done on them; horse happens to be an invalid ; yet they are more when the heads of the nails are worn away the useful to sound animals than even to sick ones, shoe gets insecure, and will rattle whenever a screw since prevention of disease is better than its cure. is loose : quiet is the test of efficient machinery in The poor beast, cribbed, cabined, and confined, nations as well as in individuals, whatever Mes- chained to his rack, and tortured by being unable sieurs Polk and Thiers may predicate to the con- to change position, is put for hours to the stocks, trary
and condemned to the hard labor of having nothing Mr. Miles condemns the mode in which the to do-which destroys dandies and bankrupt complates or shoes of racers are fastened on, in which missioners. The prisoner suffers more from long eight and nine nails are frequently used for fear of standing still than from any trotting on the bardest " casting." No foot, human or equine, can ex- road-it is the rest, not the work, that kills; and pand in a tight shoe ; and the horse declines, and still more, when the pavement of the stall is upvery properly, throwing his whole weight with all hill, which, as his legs are of equal length, and not his heart into his feet. The Derby course is a like a cameleopard's, is at once painful and injomile and a half in length; to accomplish which re- rious; he meets the difficulty by standing on his quires 330 good race-strides, of 24 feet each ; the hind toes in order to equalize the weight, and loss of one inch on each stride gives 9 yards and 6 thereby strains his tendons and gets perched." inches :
The floor should be perfectly level and paved with " But suppose the loss to be 4 inches on each stride, granite slabs, which should drain themselves by which it is much more likely to be, then it would having herring-bone gutters cut in them, as nothing amount to 36 yards 2 feet, or 13 lengths; which is more fatal to the eyes of horses than the ammo is fully enough to raise a cry of " foul play," the nia so usually generated under them. A box so ar" horse is amiss," &c. Now, no jockey in the ranged is not merely a luxury to a horse and mare, world, however frequently he may have ridden a but as absolute a necessary as one at the Haymarket horse, can so exactly measure his stride as to be is to a lord and lady. Natnre is ever our surest guide. enabled to detect a deficiency of one 72nd part of The animal when grazing in a field never is quiet it, which 4 inches would be, much less could he a second ; frog and sole are always on the move, detect the 288th part, which I inch would be : so and therefore in good condition, because they reg. that he never could make himself acquainted with ularly perform their functions; the cushion of the the real cause of so signal and unexpected a de- navicular is never there absorbed as it is in an idle seat, and the whole matter would remain involved stall. If the brains of learned men are liable to in mystery, casting suspicion and distrust on all be dried up under similar circumstances of otium around." -p. 35.
cum pin guitudine, the soles of irrational creatures Unfortunately, the high-mettled racer, who necessarily must fare worse : turn the same ani. wears the shoe and knows where it pinches has not mals into loose boxes, and the slightest tap on the the gift of speech like Dean Swift's Houynims. corn-bin will occasion at least fifty wholesome elThe horse has this deficiency in common with the pansions of every sensitive organ: baby, whence farriers find their cavalry quite as Mr. Miles gives working plans of the simple difficult to manage as physicians do their infantry, contrivance by which he converted a four-stalled who cannot explain symptoms.
stable into one of three boxes. This suppression The falling off of speed which is often observed of supernumerary stalls was effected by shifting between a horse's " last gallop" and the race, may the divisions. A tripartite arrangement is far prebe accounted for by his having taken his gallop in ferable to solitary confinement, for horses are cuhis old shoes, to which the feet were accustomed, rious, social animals; they love their neighbors, while the race was run in new ones, firmly nailed and like to see what they are at, as much as on from head to heel, effectually “ making him county families do, whose pews adjoin in their quite safe," by putting it out of the range of pos- parish church. The best partition is brick noggrn, sibility that he should ever be enabled to ** get into which should be cased with boarding, and sur his best pace." Mr. Miles recommends three mounted with iron rails : the separation should be quarter plates, which should be fastened on by no carried highest near the manger, in order to premore than six nails, and these placed only between vent the company from watching each other at the outer heel and the inner toe. This is well meals-a thing which is not only unmannerly, but injurious to health. Each hopes to get some of becoming his own farrier. So thought the pupils his neighbor's prog, and is also afraid of his neighof Abernethy, after his publication to the world of bor getting some of his ; insomuch that the best bred the panacea blue pill; “but take courage, gentlehorse, even when next to a pretty filly, invariably men," said he, “Wot one of your patients will ever bolts his feed-just as a Yankee senator does at a follow my advice.” Mr. Miles, however, like the boarding-house table d'hôte, although Fanny But- Oriental hakim, prefers exercise to mercurial treatler sits at his side. Dyspepsia is the sure result ment-" the best physician is a horse, the best of this imperfect mastication.
apothecary an ass." Exercise, combined with One word only on diet. The groom will persist cleanliness, is meat, drink, and physic for horse in treating his horse like a Christian, which, in his and groom; although the latter loves rather to theology consists in giving him as much too many lurk in the larder, and never curries his own Rofeeds as he does to himself; but shoes are not more man-cemented carcase-and thinks, reasoning from surely forged on anvils than diseases are in the his own sensations, that no harm is done to a horse stomach both of beasts and men who make them- by not going out until his legs begin to swell. A selves like them. Nature contrives lo sustain health regular daily walking-exercise of two hours is the and vigor on a precarious, stinted supply, since it is smallest possible quantity to ensure health ; while not what is eaten but what is digested that nour- three or four are much better. ishes. Her system should be imitated in quantity "When masters remember that the natural life and quality ; she regulates the former according to of a horse is from thirty-five to forty years, and the length of the day and the amount of work re- that three fourths of them die, or are destroyed, quired to be done, and bids the seasons, her hand- under twelve years' old-used up—with scarcely a maids, vary the latter by a constant change in the foot to go upon ; I take it,” says Mr. Miles, “ that bill of fare. Her primitive sauces are air and ex- they will be very apt to transfer their sympathies ercise, and her best condiment, however shocking from the groom, and his trouble, to their own to the nerves of Monsieur Ude, is mud: more pecks pockets and their horses' welfare."-p. 41. of real dirt are eaten by quadrupeds who graze in Yet, were it not for the wise provision of nathe fields, than are of moral dirt by your biped ture which causes legs to swell after inaction, and parasites who make love to my lord's eyebrow and the overlively exuberance of antics by which a Soup-tureen. Provide, therefore, your nice nags fresh horse exhibits his schoolboy exultation of with their cruet and salt-cellar, by placing in each | being let loose and getting out of the stable-probmanger a large lump of rock-salt and chalk, to ably even less than the present poor pittance of which, when troubled with indigestion or acidity, exercise would be given by idle grooms and timid they will as surely resort as the most practised Lon masters. don diners-out do to their glaubers and potash ; nor The horny wall of the horse's foot is apt to get will they often require any other physic. If a bucket dry and britile in a hot stable where temperature of water be placed always in their reach, they will ought to range from 56° 10 60°. Dry straw, sip often, but never swill themselves out to disten- coupled with excess of heat, produces cracks in sion, which they otherwise are “ obligated to do" the crust, the natural effects of overbaking ; this (like their valet) whenever liquor comes in their is counteracted by grease and moisture, using the way, in order to lay in a stock like the camels, first first-which is an axiom-in order to prevent who reason on the uncertainty of another supply. evaporation. Mr. Miles furnishes the receipt of
Boxes, however beneficial to horses, are unpop- an ointment which he has found to succeed admiraular with prejudiced grooms, who have an instinc- bly. In hot summer days the feet should be tied tive dread of improvements which do not originate up in a cloth, and occasionally plunged into buckets with themselves; and although in truth few classes of cool water ; beware, however of washing the are more ignorant of the philosophy and ologies of feet too soon after exercise, as it checks perspirathe horse than stable folk, yet, in common with all tion and induces fever; clean them when cool, and who handle ribbons or horse-flesh, they have rub the hock and pasterns dry with the hand-the jockeyed themselves into the credit of being the best of towels; a stopping also at night of fresh knowing ones par excellencc; accordingly such cow.dung keeps the frog moist and sweet. servants, especially if old ones and treasures, generally rule and teach their masters, for gentlemen pique themselves vastly on connoisseurship of pic- LEGACY.—A bequest of goods and chattels by tures and horses, and are shy of asking questions will. Some parenis leave a good name as a legawhich imply ignorance. The whole genus groom cy to their children; and some children, directly has an antipathy to any changes which give them they get the good name, put it on the back of a more work; they particularly dislike, when they bill as the best means of turning it into a profit. have "cleaned" their charges, to see them lie Many a good name has been eventually dishonored down, "untidy" and "dirty" themselves again; by this process. A legacy is either general or they sneer at what they call “ finding mares specific. The man who left behind him a receipt nests ;" and pretend that horses eat their beds, as for a pill that was a specific for every disease, left the pious Æneas and his friends did their tables. undoubtedly a specific legacy. As it is just possiBut Mr. Miles has invented a remedial muzzle for ble that a man may not have been taxed heavily these gross feeders, of which he gives us an en- enough in his lifetime, a lax is laid on his property graving. Boxes again are ruinous to the veterin- at his death, called a legacy duty; so that the taxary surgeon, who fees grooms, since they do away gatherer may be said to pursue his victim even bewith the great cause of profitable grogginess. yond the grave.-Punch. These gentry are jealous of amateur farriery, and abhor any revelations to the uninitiated of family The WORSE FOR WEBSTER.—The accusations secrets in plain intelligible English. Mr. Miles of fraud and peculation brought against the great cannot expect to be popular in the west, a latitude American statesman, Mr: Webster, have turned which imports rather than exports wise men ; the out to be utterly groundless. We fear Mr. Webhorse-doctor shudders lest disease, death, and him- ster will lose his popularity amongst his countryself should be set aside, by every man-Milite duce men in Pennsylvania.-Punch.
fof a man of swarthy complexion, drugged with
opium, running down a crowded street, pursued (Conclusion of an article in the Quarterly Review.)
by the civil and military authorities, and stabbing A FAIRER field than Sarawak for the exertions right and left, at man, woman, and child, with a of the Christian missionary scarcely presents itself kris. This demoniac vision fades before Mr. in the uncivilized world. In that field we earnestly Brooke's sketch from the living model: hope that the Church of England may be the first. "Simple in their habits, they are neither treachThe hill Dyaks in the province are estimated by erous nor blood-thirsty; cheerful, polite, hospitaMr. Brooke at some 10,000 in number, and, as ble, gentle in their manners, they live in commamight be expected under such rule as he has es- nities with fewer crimes and fewer punishments tablished there, are fast increasing. The last than most other people of the globe. They are accounts received speak of visits of chiefs to Mr. passionately fond of their children, and indulgent Brooke from a distance of two hundred miles in even to a fault. I have always found them goodthe interior:
tempered and obliging, wonderfully amenable to "These people," he states in one of his letters, Jauthority, and quite as sensible of benefits coofer" are mild, industrious, and so scrupulously hon- red, and as grateful as other people of more est, that a single case of theft has not come under favored nations"_Vol. ii., p. 128. my observation, even when surrounded by objects Of course there is a reverse to this picture. easily appropriated and tempting from their novelty. Among their bad qualities Mr. Brooke enumerates In their dumnestic lives they are amiable, and deceit, a disposition to intrigue, superstition, and addicted to none of the vices of a wild state. its attendant propensities to persecution and opThey marry but one wife; and their women are pression. Add to these defects of the Asiatic always quoted among the Malays as remarkable character the outward circumstances of power in for chastity. Their freedom from all prejudice and the hands of a corrupt aristocracy, all the vices their present scanty knowledge of religion would without the advantages of a feudal system, and no render their conversion to Christianity an easy task, wonder that occasional and scanty intercourse with provided they are rescued from their present suf- ignorant, insulent, and unscrupulous European ferings and degraded state ; but until this be done traders, should have led to acts of treachery and it will be vain to preach a faith to them the first violence which have given the Malay a bad name precepts of which are daily violated in their own -applied also, as the term is, to many races quite persons."
distinct from the real Malay, and from each other, Mr. Brooke says elsewhere, (vol. ii., p. 184,) in origin, habits, and language. * The Dyak is neither treacherous nor cunning, Mr. Brooke's time has been too much and too and so trothful that the word of one of them well employed to allow him to make many scienmight safely be taken before the oath of half a tific additions to our knowledge of the natural hisdozen Borneans. In their dealings they are very tory of Borneo. He has, however, not failed to straightforward and correct, and so trustworthy collect some particulars of that race of quadrumana that they rarely attempt, even after a lapse of for which the island has long been famous, and years, to evade payment of a just debt." Is not' which, with one exception, is supposed to approach this a better raw material for Christian manufacture'the nearest to man in anatomical structure and in than the proud and warlike savage of New Zea- its consequent habits and gestures. Xor has Mr. land, or the Hindoo steeped in the prejudices of Brooke been idle as a collector. Five living specaste? Is such a field as this to be left to the cimens of the orang-outang were shipped by him Jesuit, or to the chances of Protestant sectarian in one vessel for Eogland, but, we believe, died on zeal! We have some hope that these questions 'the passage. His report on the animal, published will be answered as they should be answered from in the * Transactions of the Zoological Society," rich and episcopal England ; and that the great is appended to Captain Keppel's first volume. and wealthy of the land will come forward and The largest adult shot by Mr. Brooke was 4 feet tell our venerated primate-ind is a man of 1 inch in height, but he obtained from the natives piety, enterprising zeal, and judgment, and we a dried hand which would indicate far greater will provide the means of establishing him in a dimensions, and we think there is ground to sup land which, with God's blessing on his efforts, to pose that the stature which has been attributed to use the words of one who knows it, he “will not a Sumatran species, fully equalling or exceeding wish to exchange for any sphere of action on this that of man, is attained by the same or a similar side heaven." .
species in Borneo, Mr. Brooke's observations or The passages above quoted are well calculated inquiries do pot tend to elevate the character of the to excite Christian sympathy on behalf of Mr. Bornean animal in respect of its approximation to Brooke's special protégés, the aburiginal Dyaks; humanity, as compared with his West African but it must not be supposed that he has no corner competitor, the chimpanzee. The activity in lus left in his heart for the Malay, who has been native woods, attributed to him by some writers, scarcely less maligned by common report, than the is denied by Mr. Brooke, who describes hun as Helot race he oppresses. We cannot profess to slow in bis motions, even when escaping from know what notions the terın Malay conveys to our man, and making no attempt at defence except at readers in general. With us it raises the vision close quarters, when his teeth are formidable.
He appears to be agile and dexterous in nothing The # Address of the Rev. C. Brereton did not but the formation of his nest, a mere sort of uit reach us unul this article was completed. It gives an able preris of Mr. Brooke's lat ors, and concludes with an
covered seat which he weaves of branches with earnest appeal mate to the English public, at his truest, much rapidity. Mr. Brooke's account of the nids for a *111toxants the putablishment of a church, a fication of the animal tallies exactly with that by missson house, and a school at Sarawak. Mr. Brooke is Mr. Abel, the naturalist to the Chinese Embassy an attached .amber of the Church of England, and the lof Lord Amherst :Archbishop of ('anterbury, and the Bishops of London, Norwxb, Lichfield, Oxford, and (alcutta, have already
already “While in Java," says Mr. Abel, p. 325," he given their sanction to the undertaking. May 26. lodged in a large tamarind treencar my dwelling; and