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days of the Mexican republic; on the other side on the cultivation of the country, the laziness of rise tall trees for the country, giving to it a pictu- the inhabitants, the manners of the various classes, resque and rural appearance ; cleverly over it, and and the superstitious forins of the Romish church: you are in the city. On your right is a large together with some sketches of public men, and brick house of a wealthy citizen, who was a colo- some statistical accounts, useful if correct. At nel of militia on the 8th and 9th ; you are struck other times they are less akin to the theme, though with its desolate front; it has not a window or with an interest from their indications of American door that is made for comfort or ornament, and character; involving speculations as to what Merthose that present themselves are protected by ico would be made in the hands of the “* free and thick heavy batten doors and blinds,

enlightened"-discussions on the interests of Great Up high in one corner of the front is something Britain to preserve peace between Mexico and the that looks much like a large cage. The cage is States, lest the export of the precious metals the balcony whereon at eve steal forth the females should be suspended on the inferiority of the of the family to enjoy the evening air ; they are Mexican cavalry, and the incapacity of the Mexiout of the reach of stolen kisses, or letters of love, can army to wage war. Some of the others are and Mexican jealousy is somewhat appeased by remote, and rather dry; with notices and extracts this arrangement, while the lower part of the house, touching Cortes and the early state of Mexico. In presenting a bare wall, protects both male and fe- fact, the book seems to have been got up with male from the assaults of sudden revolution, of some view to the interest attached to Mexico, and lawless robbers, of plundering soldiery, and thefts to have been written currente calamo from memory. of hungry officials; that house speaks a volume This mode of composition has its adrantages; it of melancholy detail of the social and political con- prevents, as General Thompson remarks, excess dition of Mexico.

of detail : but the subjects should have been obHare is de Republica de Rio Grande y amiga served with reference to future publication, or the de los pueblo, nen papier, one beet." A newspaper observer should have had a more vigorons and racy boy for the first time in the Republic of Mexico. mind than this writer. General Thompson seems He was looked upon by the inhabitants in favor an excellent person, who really wishes to have a of the old dynasty, as Indians look upon the appear higher state of morality than his countrymen ; but ance of bees; it showed that the white man was the chains of "a tyrant majority" are too strong coming. He was an old boy, though young in for him. He is ever halting between two opinions ; newspapers, being full sixty years of age, but he and though professing himself averse to the annerdoes bravely. “Hare is de Republica." "Hold ation of Texas and the seizure of California, he on there," cries a " volanteer," " let us have a does not put his opinions upon any rule of right, number." All sad reflections upon the condition but he thinks the United States territory quite of Mexico, suggested by the prison-like appear- large enough. ance of the Mexican colonel's house, pass away, This national peculiarity is indeed a distinctive for intelligence had found wings, and those even feature of the book, and almost the only one it in Mexico who run, can in future read; a new or possesses. In Europe, writers vary with their der of things had commenced, and sudden and sin- class. The lawyer-author is shrewd, sensible, and galar improvements for the better were bound to worldly, in his observations, and clear if not close follow in Matamoros.

in his style : cateris paribus, the medical man is as

sensible and penetrating, but not perhaps so tangiFrom the Spectator.

ble, and more professional in his choice of tespics:

the private gentleman has his distinctive traits in GENERAL WADDY THOMPSON'S RECOLLECTIONS an agreeable but somewhat superficial observation, OF MEXICO. *

a less direct tone in his criticisms, and a nice disGENERAL THOMPSON was sent to Mexico in crimination where anything like personal charge 1842, as “ Envoy Extraordinary and Minister

or personal feelings are involved: the diplomatist Plenipotentiary," to effect the release of such citi

or other public man has a larger view, a more zens of the United States as had joined that Texan

business-like precision, and a suill more guarded overland expedition, for purposes of territorial rob

style, (with the exception of Lord Londonderry.) bery, of whose well-deserved failure and sufferings

and so on through every other kind of writer, Mr. Kendall published an account. The general

whether amateur or professional. The manner, sailed from New Orleans, and reached Vera Cruz

or rather, as Walter Scott said, the no manners, without incident; thence he proceeded to Mexico

of an American, are always of the same cast. Or by diligence, himself on the box, without further

course, individual qualities will have their play. incident than daunting some robbers by the display

| The man of vigorous mind will writ in a more vigof the arms of the corps diplomatique. On his ar

orous style than the feebler-minded person ; the ratrival at the capital, he effected bis business in ex

lling go-ahead speculator will strike off more cellent style, as he gives us to understand ; and

rapid narrative than the sedate and elderly individmade a good arrangement in reference to some

ual; a man with imagination will display a more claims on behalf of his government, though the

frid manner than he who has none; and some traits senate dis-allowed one of his principal items: he

of vocation will probably peep out, especially in also made a single excursion in the vicinity to ex

the divine. But there will throughout be a famamine Tezeuco and the pyramids in its neighbor

ily likeness. We recognize the ** free and enlighthood. In this summary is comprised the story of .

ened," who is less distinguished by having no suhis journey.

" periors than by having everybody for an equal The substance of the book consists of the nar

except indeed the blacks; though General Thomprative, expanded by reflections and disquisitions.

son struggles hard for an exception as regards Sometimes these are spontaneous, and spring nat

private service. urally from the circumstances-such as remarks

"The President has a very splendid barouche

drawn by four American horses, and I am ashamed • Published by Wiley & Puinam.

to say driven by an American. I can never be

come reconciled to seeing a Native American per-| "I should regard it, [the cavalry,) from the forming the offices of a menial servant; but I felt diminutive size of their horses, and the equally this the more on seeing a foreigner and in a for- diminutive stature and feebleness of their riders, eign land thus waited on by one of my countrymen. as utterly inefficient against any common infantry. I was more than ever thankful that I lived in I said so in conversation with Colonel B- n, an that portion of our country where no man is then- officer who had seen some service, and had some retically called a freeman who is not so in fact, in reputation. I was not a little amused at his reply. feelings, and in sentiments ; no decent Southern He admitted that squares of infantry were geneAmerican could be induced to drive anybody's rally impregnable to cavalry, but said it was not coach or clean his shoes. I have no doubt that if so with the Mexican cavalry, that they had one the liberties of this country are ever destroyed that resource by which they never had any difficulty they will perish at the ballot-box; men whose in breaking the square. I was curious to know menial occupations degrade them in their own what this new and important discovery in the art self-esteem, and deprive them of the proud con- of war was, and waited impatiently the push of sciousness of equality, have no right to vote.” his one thing,' when to my infinite amusement he

From the general character of our author's re- replied—the lasso ; that ihe cavalry armed with miniscences, coupled with the fact that all he saw, lassos rode up and threw them over the men formand a good deal more, has been described with ing the squares, and pulled them out, and thus greater freshness and vivacity by other writers, made the breach. I remembered that my old they do not furnish much matter for interesting nurse had often got me to sleep when a child by quotation. We will rather address ourselves to promising to catch me some birds the next day, the more political parts of the lucubration. Here, by putting salt on their tails, which I thought was in surveying the inside of the Cathedral at Mex- about as easy an operation as this new discovery ico, is a feeling analogous to that which Blucher of the Mexican colonel. I had read of kneeling is said to have more tersely expressed when ranks and charging squadrons, but this idea of taken to the top of St. Paul's.

lassoing squadrons was altogether new to me, " As you walk through the building, on either Bonaparte fought and gained the battle of the side there are different apartments, all filled, from Pyramids against the best cavalry in the world, the floor to the ceiling, with paintings, statues, the Mamelukes, entirely in squares. He lost the vases, huge candlesticks, waiters, and a thousand battle of Waterloo because ihe British squares other articles, made of gold or silver. This, too, were impenetrable to the next best, the French is only the every-day display of articles of least cavalry, during all that long and awful conflict. value; the more cosily are stored away in chests The idea, however, of the lasso did not occur to and closets. What must it be when all these are the Mamelukes in Egypt, nor to Bonaparte at brought out, with the immense quantities of pre- Waterloo. I was reminded of the equally novel cious stones which the church is known to possess? | attack of the Chinese upon the English, when And this is only one of the churches of the city of they were all formed in battle array, and the ChiMexico, where there are between sixty and eighty nese threw somersets at them instead of cannonothers, and some of them possessing little less balls and shells. wealth than the cathedral ; and it must also be “The Mexican army, and more particularly remernbered, that all the other large cities, such their cavalry, may do very well to fight each other; as Paebla, Guadalajara, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, but in any conflict with our own or European Durango, San Luis, Potosi, have each a propor- troops, it would not be a battle but a massacre." tionate number of equally gorgeous establishments. It would be the wildest and most random conjec

From the Spectator. ture to attempt an estimate of the amount of the

DEATH OF MR. HAYDON. precious metals thus withdrawn from the useful purposes of the currency of the world, and wasted MR. HAYDON, the painter, died by his own in these barbaric ornaments, as incompatible with hand on Monday, at his house in Burwood Place, good taste as they are with the humility which Edgware Road. The unfortunate gentleman had was the most striking feature in the character of suffered from pecuniary difficulties for many years, the founder of our religion, whose chosen instru- and recently they had become very pressing. He ments were the lowly and humble, and who him- had expected relief in his present emergency from self regarded as the highest evidence of his divine a source that failed him; and this disappointment mission, the fact that “to the poor the Gospel was preyed upon Mr. Haydon's mind. On Monday preached.' I do not doubt but there is enough morning he rose at an early hour, and went out; of the precious metals in the different churches but returned at nine o'clock, apparently fatigued of Mexico to relieve sensibly the pressure upon with walking. He then wrote a good deal. About the currency of the world, which has resulted from ten he entered his painting-room, where he was in the diminished production of the mines, and the the habit of locking himself in when earnestly increased quantity which has been appropriated to engaged. He afterwards saw his wife, who was purposes of luxury."

dressing to visit a friend at Brixton, by her husWe believe this estimate of the wealth of the band's special desire ; he embraced her fervently, church in Mexico to be much exaggerated; but and then returned to his studio. About a quarter the fact does not alter the view, although in an- to eleven, Mrs. Haydon and her daughter heard other place the general thinks no enemy would the report of a pistol ; but as the troops were exer. rob the churches.

cising in the park, they took little notice of it. The following account of the Mexican cavalry Mrs. Haydon went out. About an hour after, and things in general is from a discussion about Miss Haydon entered the studio, and beheld her their military establishment and its discipline. The father crouched upon the floor, dead. The inquest lasso, though doubtless absurd in such a battle as that followed disclosed one of the saddest tales Waterloo, might not be altogether so ridiculous ever unfolded before a coroner. in an irregular contest on the prairies or swamps | The Jury, under Mr. Wakley's direction, aswith small bodies of inexperienced infantry. . l sembled on Wednesday morning, at a tavern neai

the residence of the deceased. After they had he tried to avoid meeting the members of his fambeen sworn they proceeded to view the body. On ily more than usual." She did not know he pos cntering the principal apartment on the first floor, sessed a pistol, and thought he might have pur. (which was used as a painting-room,) a dreadful chased it when he went out on Monday morning. sight presented itself. Stretched on the floor Two female servants were examined; but their immediately in front of a colossal picture, (** Alfred evidence was only confirmatory of that given by the Great and the First British Jury,'') on which Miss Haydon. the unhappy artist appears to have been engaged | The Reverend Orlando Hyman said he was a up to his death, lay the corpse of an aged man, stepson of deceased. He observed a great altershis white hairs saturated with blood, in a pool of tion in Mr. Haydon's countenance on Saturday. which the whole upper portion of the body was He was eccentric from his youth; and bad latterly lying. The head partially rested upon his right become more so. He kept a diary of the principal arm; near to which were lying two razors, the occurrences of his life. The coroner here proone in a case, and the other smeared with blood, duced a large folio manuscript volume, the last half open, by its side. There was also near the diary of the deceased ; and he requested Mr. Hy. same spot a small pocket-pistol, which appeared man to mark such passages as might throw any to have been recently discharged, though it was on light upon the state of deceased's mind recentis half-cock when discovered. The deceased ap- taking care not to disclose any family secrets ; peared to have fallen in the exact position in which these passages Mr. Hyman would read to the he was seen by the jury. He was dressed with jury. After a short interval, Mr Hyman said he great neatness, in the ordinary attire which he was prepared for the task. He had thought it wore while engaged in painting. His throat had better to go back to the month of April; at which a frightful wound extending to nearly seven inches period the failure of the exhibition of his picture in length; and there was also a perforated bullet- of the “* Banishment of Aristides" had affected wound in the upper part of the skull over the deceased very much. He had built his hopes on parietal bone. Everything in the room had been that, and considered it the last thing he could do the subject of extraordinary and careful arrange- to extricate himself from his difficulties. He was ment. Mr. Haydon had placed a portrait of his much attached to his diary, and this was the twentywife on a small easel immediately facing his large sixth volume which he had filled. Mr. llyman picture. On an adjoining table he had placed his proceeded to read from the diary. The first entry diary, which he kept with much care for many selected ran as followsyears past. It was open at the concluding page ; |“ March 27.--I had my little misgivings today and the last words he had entered were * God on my way to the Egyptian Hall The horse forgive me; Amen!” Packets of letters ad attached to the cab in which I rode fell. Would dressed to several persons, and another document, any man believe this annoved me! Yet the same headed “ The last thoughts of Haydon, at half accident occurred before the ('artoon contest." past ten o'clock, a. m., June 02, 1816," were This entry is succeeded by the following quota. also placed upon the same table; with a watch, tion from ('anning, in reference to Napoleon and a prayer-book, open at that portion of the “ All is still but folly : his final destruction can gospel service appropriated to the sixth Sunday neither be averted nor delayed, and his uns 15002after the Epiphany.

ble mummeries will but serve to take away all dig. The jury returned to the tavern. The first nity from the drama and render his fall at uace witness examined was Miss Mary Haydon, the terrible and ridiculous." daughter of the deceased ; aged sixteen Her The next entries read werefather was sixty years of age in January last.! March 31.--April fool day to-morrow. la She described the finding of hus bly on Monday putting my letters of invitation to a private view morniog, on her enterin: his siulio. She had into the post, I let 300 of them fall to the ground. then just returned from accompanying her inother Now for the truth of omens." a short distance on her way to Brixton. She last “ April 4.-The first day of my exhibition saw her father alive at ten o'clo on Monday bring opened, it rained all day; and no one came, morning. He then looked agitatri-more so than Jerrold, Bowring, Fox, Maule, and I lobogu, usual. She had never known him to make any excepted. How diffrent would it have been attempt upon his life before. lle was not under twenty-six years ago-the rain would not hare medical treatment. Mr. ('oroner Wakley asked if kept them away then. he had complained of his head in any way of late?

“Receipts, Ist day, Witness-- Yes; it was very underal for him to ** Christ entering Jernsalem,' 1820. do so, but on Sunday night last he did complain ;

* 101. 16s. and during the last two or three days I recollect to

** Receipts, Ist day, have seen him frequently put his hand up to his

*** Banishment of Aristides,' head." lle had not slept well for the last three

11. Is. 6d. months. lle did not seek medical advice; he did

" In God I trust : Amen." not seem to think it necessary. He was always in the habit of taking his own medicines. The cor “ April 13.-11. 38. 6d. An advertisement of a oner (to the jury) -"Bless me! how extraordi- finer description could not have been written to

ary it is that persons will so neglect themselves. catch the public; but not a shilling more was The number of lives annually sacrificed through a added to the receipts. They rush by thousands 1. plet of symptoms of this sort is perfectly mon- to see Tom Thurob. They push-they fightstroas." Miss Haydon continued--Mr. Haydon they scream--they faint--they cry · Help;' and was a man of very temperate habits. "I have Murder! They see my bills and caravans, but noticed that he had a very different expression of do not read them : their eyes are on them, but countenance during the last three days.--He was their sense is gone. It is an insanits-arabers very silent during the whole of that period, and furor- dream-of which I would not have bem apparently absent in his mind. I cannot say that lieved Eoglishmen could be guilty. My situation

is now one of peril, more so than when I be- ever been, and love thy dear mother forever. Be gan “Solomon' thirty-three years ago. In- pious, and trust in God. volved in debt-mortified by the little sympathy | " Thy affectionate father, B. R. Haydox. which the public displayed towards my best pic “ To Miss Mary Haydon.” tures--with several private engagements yet to

Mr. Hyman returned to the diary, and read the fulfil, I awoke, as usual, at four o'clock this inorn- | ing. My mind was immediately filled with the

following extractsnext picture of my series. I felt immediately, · Is “May 4.- I have just received a lawyer's letit the whispering of an evil or good spirit?' but ter, the first for a long time. I have called on the believing it to be for good, I called on my Creator, writer, who is an amiable man, and has promised who has led me through the wilderness during to give me time. I came home under mingled forty years, not to desert me at the eleventh hour." feelings of sorrow, delight, anxiety, and anticipa

Mr. Hyman explained that the series of pic- tion, and sat down to my palette under an irritable tures which the writer referred to were six large influence. My brain became confused, as 1 forepaintings which he intended for the Parliament saw ruin, misery, and a prison before me. I went Palace. Mr. Ilyman further stated, in reference on with my picture, and rejoiced inwardly at its to the religious expressions interspersing the diary, effects; but my brain harassed and confused. that the deceased was a very pious man; and in Fell into a deep slumber, from which I did not making his daily entries, generally commenced awake for an hour: I awoke cold--the fire outthen with the following prayer—" Oh, God, bless and went again to my picture.” me through the evils of this day!" or a somewhat “ May 14.—This day forty-two years I left my similar aspiration.

native Plymouth for London. I have closed my A medical gentleman was now examined as to exhibition with a loss of 1111. No one can accuso the cause of death. He said it was loss of blood me of showing less talent or energy than twenty from the wound in the throat; which must have years ago.. been inflicted by deceased himself.

"May 21.-Worked hard at my picture, and Mr. Hyman resumed his extracts from the advanced immensely. Felt uneasy because I could diary : commencing with an entry made on the not give my dear son money to go and see his col21st of April, in which the unfortunate man had lege-friends." noted down the number of visiters to his own “June 3.-Called on my dear friend Kemp, ethibition during one week as 133}, while Tom who advanced me some cash to get over my diffiThumb's levee during the same period had been culties. By the time my pictures are finished attended by 12,000 persons. The coroner in- they will be all mortgaged ; but never mind, so quired whether the deceased had not left a letter that I get them done." addressed to Mrs. Haydon? Mr. Hyman replied “June 13.—Picture much advanced ; but my that he had, and also one to each of his children. necessities are dreadful, owing to the failure of my He handed to the coroner a packet containing the exhibition at the hall. In God I trust. It is hard letters in question. It was addressed, “ To Mrs. —this struggle of forty-two years' duration ; but Haydon, my dearest love,” and sealed in red wax, Thy will and not mine be done." with his own coat of arms. The coroner desired “June 14.-0 God! let it not be presumption Mr. Mills, his deputy, to read the letters severally. in me to call for Thy blessing on my six works. The first read was addressed to Mrs. Haydon, as Let no difficulty on earth stay their progress. follows

Grant this week Thy divine aid. From sources " London, Painting-room, June 22.

invisible raise me up friends to save me from the **God bless thee, dearest love! Pardon this

embarrassments which want of money must bring

upon me; and grant that this day week I may be last pang! Many thou hast suffered from me! | God bless thee in dear widowhood : I hope Sir

able to thank Thee for my extrication."

1 “ June 15.-Passed in great anxiety, after harRobert Peel will consider that I have earned a

assing abont for several hours in the heat of the pension for thee. A thousand kisses. ** Thy dear husband and love to the last,

B. R. HAYDON.

" June 16.-Sat from two to five o'clock staring "Give dear Mary 101., and dear Frank 101.; 18

at my picture like an idiot ; my brain pressed the rest for your dear self of the balance from Sir

down by anxiety and the anxious looks of my fam

ily, whom I have been compelled to inform of my Robert's 501.

condition. We have raised money on all our sil** Mrs. Haydon."

ver to keep us from want in case of accident. I The next letter was addressed to his son Fred- have written to Sir Robert Peel, to — , and to erick

- , stating that I have a heavy sum to pay. I * God bless thee, Frederick, and render thee an have offered · The Duke's Study' to — Who honor to this country.

answered first ? Tormented by Disraeli, harassed ** Thy affectionate father, B. R. Haydon. by public business, up came the following letter. ** To Mr. Frederick Haydon, R. N.”

"Whitehall, June 16. The next was to his son Frank

"Sir-I am sorry to hear of your continued

embarrassments. From a limited fund which I “God bless thee, dear Frank; continue in vir

have at my disposal, I send, as a contribution for tue and honest doing.

your relief from these embarrassments, the sum of * God bless thee. Thy affectionate father, ** B. R. HAYDON. £50. I remain, sir, your obedient servant,

"* Robert Peel. * To Mr. Frank Haydon."

" Be so good as to sign and return the accomThis was to his daughter

panying receipt.' *** God bless thee, my dearest daughter Mary ;l “That's Peel. Will — , , or — , ancontinue the dear good innocent girl thou hast ,swer?"

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June 17.-My dearest wife wishes me to stop spirit with which he preached the faith in them, the whole thing, and close payment: but I will were revelations of genius. His long blind struge not! I will finish my sis pictures, by the blessing gle, in which he too often mistook waywardness of God!"

for independence and strange blindness to the de" June 18.- This morning, fearing I should be fects of his own works, was nevertheless charae involved, I returned to a young bookseller some terized by unflagging energy, and illumined by books for which I had not paid him. No reply coruscations of intellect and imagination. There from - , or ! And this Peel is the man is poetry in his life; he lays hold on our sympa. who has no heart!"

thies. His death is felt to be an event even at the “ June 21.-Slept horribly, prayed in sorrow, crisis of a nation's history; and the active sympa. and got up in agitation."

thy for him evinced by Sir Robert Peel, while enThe next was the last entry made, immediately grossed by fierce personal attacks and the direction before the world closed upon the unhappy man of great political combinations, is the most pleas June 22.-God forgive me : Amen.

ing episode in the minister's existence. "Finis.

B. R. HAYDON. Haydon's life was one of unrelaxing industry. " Stretch me no longer on this rough world.'

He might not be averse to laxuries--no artist ur Lear.

poet can be, from the temperament which is neces

sary to the development of his tastes and powers; “The end of the twenty-sixth volume."

but his tastes were simple and his indulgence not In summing op, Mr. Wakley said in leaving the immoderate. Even his fierce controversial spirit case in the hands of the jury, he could not fail to when roused cannot be regarded as the source of remark on the munificent act of Sir Robert Peel his misfortunes. It is against men of taste and towards the unfortunate deceased. He thought it intellect, conscious of similar if less glaring weakmust speak to the heart of a great many thousand nesses in their own minds, and irretentive of mere persons, that whilst others were, so to speak, at- personal dislikes, that such escapades precipitate a tempting to destroy his own mind, amidst a press man. In time they are sure to be forgotien and ure of public business almost unparalleled, Sir forgiven. It is among the mere drudges of life, Robert Peel had not forgotten the sufferings of absorbed in daily household trifles, that undying others.

enmities are to be sought. The poverty and enThe Reverend Mr. Hyman here begged permis- barrassments of men like Haydon are caused partsion to state, that he had not yet said all that he ly by themselves, it is true, but partly also by incould in reference to the generosity of the right complete social arrangements. They who think honorable baronet. Subsequently to the deceased's the ragged incompliance of Haydon's nature suthdeath, Sir Robert, addressing one of the executors, cient to account for his inisfortunes, must be puzhad enclosed a check for £200 from the royal zled to account for those of Laman Blanchard, in bounty fund, in order, as he stated in his letter, whom unwearying industry and regular habits, that the family might not be molested before a pub-combined with unoffending, attractive, unvarying lic appeal could be made in their behalf : Sir Rob- gentleness, were proved equally incompetent to ert added, that when that was done, of course he the task of providing for a family. Sir Walter should be most ready to come forward so far as his Scott had his full share of the national taste for acprivate purse and personal influence were conquisition ; yet, wanting the talent, bis ** fairy cerned.

gold" turned into withered leaves long before his The coroner, after having again remarked on death. the munificence of the premier, inquired whether The Titian Haydon and his gentler fellows in the jury were unanimous in their verdict ?

misfortune were caught in the same toils. The The foreman replied in the affirmative. It was artist and the thinker are not money-making or this— We find that the deceased, Benjamin Rob-money-keeping animals. It is not the luxurious ert Haydon, died from the effect of wounds inflicted alone who are spendthrifts: easy natures and by himself; and that the said Benjamin Robert such the whole artistical tribe are-can waste Haydon was in an unsound state of mind when he money without any apparent means or result. It committed the act."

is in vain that we seek to bend the laws of nature to our will: we must seek to adapt ourselves to

these laws. It is of the utmost consequence to WHAT CAN BE DONE FOR LITERARY MEN AND

society that the race of thinkers and imaginative ARTISTS!

constructors be kept alive and vigorous. Pensions The tragic close of Haydon's career is of a na- for poor poets and philosphers do more harm thatı ture to command attention even amidst the intense good. They must be given according to the judgcontemporaneous public excitement. The long ment of those intrusted with their distribution for and terrible struggle of an individual mind that the time being, and that is as likely to be wrong has terminated so shockingly, domineers over the as right. To award literary pensions to every litimagination almost with more power than the gre- térateur or artist in bad circumstances through no garious enthusiasm evolved in the suicidal death- fault of his own, were to bring around the bestowstruggle of shattered factions. In May, 1804, er a crowd of idle sturdy beggars : literature as Ilaydon came to London for the first time, a san- well as religion will be overstocked by false guine, aspiring boy, bent upon reactang the lofti- monks. Find work for them that they can do, and est height of art. In May, 1846, he closed his wages. Men of business are averse to employ last losing exhibition, visited by a few cold specta- men of a literary turn; as many a one, who in detors, while eager crowds were squeezing into the spair has sought to escape from the mose's bowers same building to wonder at a dwarf. The convic- to the working-day world, has experienced. tion was irresistible that his career as an artist had There is something of prejudice in this, but at the been a failure. Though wanting the faculty of same time an instinctively correct sense. It is the creative artist, his intuitive recogoition of the partly felt that the man of intellectual tastes might value of the Elgin marbles, and the missionary be more usefully employed some other way, partly

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