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culations, to determine, a year in advance, what, I parison with London, escaped this epidemy for the in any given place, will be ihe annual temperature, youthful antiquities of bronze and marble--but she that of each month, the quantity of rain, or the is devoured by the forgers of middle-age antiques. prevailing winds. I have already presented to the It is notorious with what skill and impudence cer. readers of the Annuaire the results of the inquiries tain cabinet-makers manufacture chairs, tables and of the natural philosophers and astronomers con- footstools of the fifteenth century, and how readily cerning the influence of the moon and comets on they find dupes. A young antiquarian showed, the changes of the weather. These results demon- lately, with great pride, to an artist, a friend of strate peremptorily that the lunar and cometary in-his, a very fine article of Gothic furniture, which fluences are scarrely seusible : and therefore that he had just bought at great cost. It is very fine.' weather-prophecy can never be a branch of astron- said his friend, after examination, and it will last omy properly so called. For, in fact, our satellite you long-for it is quite new. and the comers have been at all times considered one in meteorology as the preponderaling stars. Since

The CENSORSHIP.-" There appeared recentlr a those former publications, I have exainined the

work on Austrian finance-written by one well in

'structed in the matter, and whom the government subject in another point of view. I have been inquiring if the labors of men, and events which

shrewdly suspected to reside in Prague. As the must always escape our prevision, may not have

revelations were very offensive, the government the effect of accidentally and very sensibly inodify

ordered Herr Mulidt, the head of the police at ing climate-as regards temperature in particular.

Prague, to discover, if possible, the author. All Already, I see that fiets will yield me an affirma

search was vain. He then received instructions to tive answer. I should greatly have preferred to

set out himself for Hamburg—where the work was delay the announcernent of that result until after

published-and endeavor to wheedle the secres the completion of my work; but let me candidly

from Campe, the publisher. Muhdt set off: but avow that I have sought to make an occasion for

some one had been before him, and had warned

Campe of his purpose. Campe, who is a very protesting aloud against those predictions which are yearly luid in my name at home and abroad. No

knowing fellow, played his part to perfection ; sufword has ever issued from my month, either in the

fered himself to he cajoled, and at last invited intimacy of private communication or in my

Muhdt to tea-half promising to tell him the aucourses delivered during thirty years--no line has

thor's name, under a condition of secrecy. At tea, ever been published with my assent-which could

Muhdt was very pressing; and Campe, at length, authorize the attribution to me of any opinion that begging him to make 10 use of his knowledge,

confidentially whispered, • The author is Herr it is possible, in the present state of our know).

Muhdt, the hend of the police in Prague, Conedge, to foretell with certainty what the weather will be, a year, a month, a week—nay, I will say, a

ceive the start and the changing color of Herr

Muhdt! Alarned lest, perhaps, the author of the single day, in advance. I trust only that the annoyance which I have experienced at seeing a host

work mighi have maliciously iaken his name-for of ridiculous predictions published in my name,

he had no suspicions or Campe-he earnestly de

clared himself to be the head of the police. Campe may not have led me, by a sort of reaction, to give

affected astonisluncnt. Mundt then asked him if exaggerated importance to the causes of disturbance which I have enumerated. At present, I feel

The had many copies of the work on hand; and en entitled to deduce from the sum of my investiga

being told there were still two hundred and fifiy, he

bonght them all. The next day, Campe called at tions this capital consequence :--Never-whatever may be the progress of the sciences--will the savant,

his hotel, to ask him whether he would like any who is conscientious and careful of his reputation,

more copies of the work.-. More!' exclaimed the

astonished Muhdt, ‘more! why I thought you told speculate on a prediction of the weather."

me I had got them all!' •Sehr richtig ! replied We find the following curious details in the

Camp, all of the first edition, but a second is in Moniteur des Arts : -" There exist at Ronie secret

The press of which I can let you have as many work-rooms of sculpture, where the works manu-comes as you please.' ?-For. Quar. Rev. factured are broken arms, heads of the gods, feet! MINERAL WEALTH of Soutul Africa. The of satyrs, and broken torsi-of nobody. By means mineral wealth of this vast region is yet to be disof a liquid there used, a color of the finest antiquity covered. Indications of metallic ores are known is communicated to the marble. Scattered about to abound. Iron is everywhere abundant. Manthe country are goat-herds, who feed their flocks ganese is a common article. Copper of the richest in the vicinity of ruins, and look out for foreigners. Idescription is to he found at a short distance beTo these they speak incidentally of the treasures yond ine Orange River; and there is little doute found by digging a few feet deep in such neighbor- lihat, if scientific persons were sent ont, resources hoods. The English, in particular, are the victims of a most important kind would be found in this of such mystification, and freely yield their money greai field of investigation. Lead of a superior to the shepherds, who are agents to the General kind has long been known to exist near the mouth Artificial Ruin Association, and know well where ! of the Van Siaaden's river, in the district of Litento apply the pick-ase. They are careful, however, huge. A receut immigrant, Mr. Bevan-a gentle10 spend much time and labor in fruitless search, man said to be familiar with mining operationsbefore they come finally upon the treasure--for has visited the spor. Satisfied with the indications, which the foreigner willingly pays. England is he has been induced to purchase the farm for Call of these antiquities of six months age. Nor £1,650; and has already a party employed to coldhe the amateur munismatists leave Rome with lect the ore. It is said, that he has since discov(moty hands; for in that city are daily coined, ered a lode of native lead--one of the rarest prowithout ferir of the law, the money of Cæsar, Had- ductions of nature, and which hitherto, it has been rii, Titus, Heliogabalus, and all the Antonines- believed, is only to be procured from the island of filed, pinched and corroded, to give the look of Radeira and il Alstisti in Cumberland.- Graham's age. Puris may be said to have hitherto, hy com- To:an Journal.

MR. Burford's PANORAMA_The Battle of at Horsabad, are well known to the learned world. SOBRAON.-Mr. Burford's indefatigable search after Those in which Mr. Layard is now engaged at new objects of interest, for the exercise of his pe- Nimrond promise to be inrich more interessing and culiar art, has here hit upon a subject which, treated extensive. The mound is eight or ten times larger as he has treated it, is likely in become one of the than that which was excavaied by the French. It most attractive of the popular exhibitions of this contains the remains of a palace, a part of which, season. The point of view is well chosen; because I like that at Horsabad, appears to have been burnt. the spectator, admitted as it were, into the in-There is a vast series of chambers, all built with trenchments of the Sikhs, becomes, thereby, from marble, and covered with sculptures and inscrips an elevated point, a near witness of cach of the tions. The inscriptions are in the cuneiform chorturning accidents of the battle-the mustering of acter, of the class usually termed Babylonian, lt the irregulars—the capture of the guns—he hand is possible that this edifice was built at an er och w-hand combats—and that final source of damage prior to the overthrow of the Assyrian empire by the to the hordes of the discomfitted host, the British Medes and Babylonians under Cyaxares - but artillery. Through the distance the Sutlej winds whether under the first or second Assyrian dynasty along --inclosing with its bright line the masses of is doubiiul. Many of the sculptures discovered by belligerents; and bevond that, the country of the Mr. Layard are, even in the smallest details, as Panjab stretches away into a long and slighily bro- sharp and fresh as though they had been chisellel ken horizon. The first group that strikes the eye yesterday. Amongst then is a pair of winged lions of the visitor is one coinposed of the chiefs of the with human heads, which are about twelve feet enemy; whose brilliant costume, energetic action, high. They form the entrance to a temple. The and high-inctiled horses are delineated with great execution of these two figures is admirable, and spirit. Another passage of interest is the rush of gives the highest idea of the knowledge and civi. the British infantry into the lines of the intrenched lization of the Assyrians. There are many monground; where the combat assumes a fierce char- sters of this kind, Jions and bulls. The other acter--the bayonet on the one side, and the spear reliefs consist of various divinities; some with and sabre on the other, making fearful destruction. eagles' heads--others entirely human but winged, The charge of the dragoons is given with great with battle-pieces and sieges, as at Horsabad." e:fect; and leads us on to a more distant view-where the whole disorganized army of the Punjab We are able to state, on unquestionable authoris rushing peil-nell towards the river. This part, lity, that a treaty for the international protection of embracing the firing of the bridge and the fording copyright has just been signed, at Berlin, between of the strean, presents a vivid picture of the deso. Prussia and England ; in which it is confidently lating slaughter attending that confused rout. The expected that, before the ratification, Saxony will art of the painter, too, here obtains a conspicuous join. The consequence will be a reduction of the success. On one side, the dark figures of our artil- duty to 15s. per cwt. on at least half the German lery-men tell powerfully against the volaines of books imported into England rolling snoke that intercept the distance :--on the other, the cirurve of the horse gives rise to individ From Rome, it is stated that a society of private ual combats, executed with much judgment and individuals has presented to the government a skill; these salient objects again frame in, as plan, by which they undertake io render the Tiber it were, the break into the middle ground of the navigable to large vessels as far as Ponte Felice. picture, where the forces of the Sikhs, routed, de- The proposal further contemplates the construction spairing, rillying, and flying, offer the pictorial I of a port at Fiumicino; and i he establishment of a finale. The execution of this panorama is highly service of steam-boats, on the one side to Leghorn, creditable to che conjoined efforts of the artists, and on the other to Naples, without touching at Messrs. Buriord and Selous. The horses, we Civita Vecchia. The answer of the government onderstand, were entirely designed by the latter has not been given ; but, if another piece of gossip genileman--and they are worthy of especial note. be true which reaches us from the same head-quarWhen we take into account, as we reasonably ters of exclusion, viz., that the Pope has consented should, the very short space of time that has been to let a company light the city with gas, there employed in the completion of so extended an oil- certainly are hopes for the Company of the Tiber. painting, we are led the more freely to express our The governinent that has overcome its fear of light cominendation of the art with which the various may be expected finally to conquer its objection to points are coinbined into an effective whole. The locomotion. details of the battle--on which we have dwelt litile, because every one has eagerly perused the A Swedisi hoianist, who assuines to himself despatches_and because the visitor receives a the discovery of the means of preserving flowering hand-book containing a well drawn account—are trees and shrubs in all their beauty, lately sent 10 worked out in every direction ; all that could with the Academy of Sciences at Stockholm a tea-rose, reasonable license he pressed into a moment of which he affirms that he embalmed in the year time being seized on to present a fitting résumé of 1841—and the flowers of which, as well as the the “crowning victory.”

I leaves and stems, are in perfect preservation. If

this discovery shall be confirmed, it will be of SiR STRATFORD CANNING, to whose personal incalculable value ; as, by it, the plants of all cliinfluence with the Porte we are indebted for the mates may be preserved, and transplanted to any prossession of the marbles of the Mausoleum of distance, bearing all their natural appearances. . Halicarnassus, has also, by the same influence, obtained permission to send to England the splen- In consequence of the death of the Pope, the did discoveries which are now being made by Mr. Loldest sovereign in Europe is now Eruest AugusAusten Layard at Nimroud. Of these treasures, lus, King of Hanover, born June 5, 1771. The a correspondent of the Times furnishes the follow- next in age is the King of ihe Frenchi, born Ocioing particulars :-" The discoveries of M. Botia, ber 5, 1773.

pose."

From Mr. Walsh's Letter of 16th June. I tion to the Viceroy of Egypt, at his own request, The demise of Pope Gregory occasioned some

by Jellala pein Bey, to pass some time in Constansensation, because unexpected, fur he was repre

tinople. He is not expected till Ibrahim Pacha sented a day or two before the intelligence as in

returns from France, to preside over the governpromising health. Some American gentlemen,

ment of Egypt during the absence of his father. who arrived in this capital a fortnight ago, from

A messenger, it is said, has been dispatched from Rome, have mentioned to me that, in their inter

Alexandria to Paris, to recall Ibrahim for this purviews with His Holiness, they found him easy, por communicative, and even facetious at the expense

"The meaning of the meditated visit of Mehemet of recent scenes in the streets. The following

Ali to the Sultan, it is not easy to conjecture. extract from an English letter from Rome bears" may arise merely irom

It may arise merely from the caprice of the old date only two days before his dissolution, and its man, or from a feeling of religious hornage which testimony to his character is not from a partial

is all Ottomans feel they owe to the successor of the source:

Caliphs. It may have good effects, though it is The demise of Gregory XVI. was the period more likely to have bad ones. A real cordial unoriginally fixed for a new organization of this

fthie derstanding between the Porte and Egypt may be country ; but it is pleasant to learn that the vener

thereby brought about; or old Mehemet Ali may able old pontiff is yet likely to last a year or two ;

inspire the Sultan with a taste for his own moet a swelling in the legs has been announced in our de

despotic and cruel mode of government, which last Roman advices; his general health is, how

would be very injurious if not destructive to tbe ever, wonderful for his age. With all his political

reform policy he is at present pursuing. The mistakes (and what could a poor monk have learnt

meeting between him and Khosref, the two most in his cell of this wicked world's ways?) the Ro

veteran Turks alive, and formerly bitter rivals and man bishop is a genuine honest character. When

enemies, would be a fine study for a painter he dies, you may fairly reproduce the words of thot

de of though to every eye but the parties, Mehemet Ali Lord Bacon, concerning his namesake and prede-would be degraded by the association." cessor : Gregory XIII. fulfilled the age of cighty

We are informed by the Epoque of yesterday three years, an absolute good man, sound in mind (cabinet paper) that England has become, like and in body, lemperate, foll of good works, and Russia, jealous of French influence at Constantian almsgiver.'-(Novum Organum. Chapter of Pople

Chapter of nople as well as at Athens, and is improvidently Life and Death.)'

promoting Russian designs in both capitals. It is A few days ago, a traveller, devoted to internal a long circumstantial complaint. France would improvements, observed to me, referring to Greg.

reinstate in the Lebanon the superannuated Emir ory's exit, “ Now the Roman states will have rail

Beschir, and stickles for the Chaab family at all roads." The maxim of the defunct was, stare

events. super cias antiguas, in every concern. He replied

A French dignitary of the new school replied to the applicants, “ You will have your trays after

der lately to Prince Metternich-who had said to him, I have quitted the stage." The world expects

"The world is quite sick "_" No, Prince, only other innovations, political concessions to popular the or liberal discontents. The Journal des Debats of yesterday signifies that it desires an Italian Pope, that is, one who will look to opinions and exigen NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. cies in Italy : who will reform abuses and redeem promises in the political and administrative spheres: Harper & Brothers continue to issue in beautiwho, in short, will contrive to be independent of ful style their PICTORIAL HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Austria. This point will be the more difficult now We do not know of a book of which the size of that the revolutionary billows in the legations and the type, and the proportions of the page please re elsewhere have begun to heave. If the disaffected better. Their ILLUMINATED AND ILLUSTRATID allow a new Pope, of the old leaven, to be fully SHAKSPEARE has reached the 92d No. Their seated, without extorting stipulations, they will DICTIONARY OF PRACTICAL MEDICINE has reached lose their season, their opportunity, during the con-0. Mrs. SOMERVILLE'S CONNEXION OF THE tinuance of peace in Europe. The Debats desig- PHYSICAL SCIENCES, is the 14th Volume of Harnates six cardinals whom it believes to have the per's Miscellany, a collection honorable to the first chances of the succession; all are above or taste and judgment of the publishers. Dr. Annear seventy years of age, except Mattei, who is thon's edition of Dr. Smith's SchooL DICTIONARY fifty-four. Fransoni stands at the head. In some of GREEK AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES, will be a London sheets, Cardinal Acton (English) is men- useful addition to libraries. tioned as not without prospects. His elevation CHRONICLES OF THE FIRST PLANTERS OF THE would, we may presume, absolutely dismay the COLONY OF MassaCHUSETTS Bay, from 1623 10 Bishop of Exeter.

1636. Now first collected from original records The Thames, you will see, is to be thoroughly and contemporaneous manuscripts, and illustrated fortified against French or American steam fleets with notes. By Alexander Young. Just pub but how to repel an English Pope's bulls ! lished in Boston.

M-hemet, on dit, is about visiting Constantino- THE LIFE OF THE RT. Hox. GEORGE CANNING, ple, where he will be the most odious, but, at the hy Robert Bell, is the 16th vol. of Harper' same time, the most distinguished of all possible New Miscellany. FRENCH DOMESTIC COOKERY, guests. It is added that he had set apart a sum combining Elegance with Economy : some beatof seven millions of francs for the expedition, tful passages may be found in this book. It is which may fascinate even Reschid Pacha, the in really less difficult to buy meat, than to get it corruptible. The correspondent at Constantinople cooked.- We commend this volume to the suffer of the Morning Chronicle says :

ing public. CAPTAIN O'SrLLIVAN, is the 66th ** The Sultan has, I am assured, sent an invita- No. of their library of select novels.

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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 117.-8 AUGUST, 1846.

From the Quarterly Review. cealment or palliation of errors and false doctrines. Life and Correspondence of David Hume, from the while the public eye must not be insulted by their

Papers bequeathed by his Nephew to the Royal defence ; these were the difficulties and dangers Society of Edinburgh and other original Sources, that must have been apparent to any one contemBy John Hill BÜRTON, Esq. Edinburgh. 2 plating the task. On the other hand, we can vols. 8vo. 1846.

fancy few things more likely to excite the ambition When in a recent number (Quart. Rev., March,

of a young man of letters living in Edinburgh,

than the offer of access to a large and hitherto 1844)* we adverted to the light that might be

unused store of materials for the biography of derived from the literary character of Hume from

David Hume. His life has many points of interthe collection of his correspondence in the hands

est, from the society in which he mixed as well as of the Edinburgh Royal Society, and to the difficalty which would probably be found in making

" the peculiarities of his personal character; and his

ng writings are in themselves 100 remarkable, and suchcient extracts without oftending public feeling, have exercised too great an influence on the we were not aware that the work was then actu-loninione of mankind no

W opinions of mankind, not to be worthy of the most ally in progress, and that an editor had been

careful and critical study. courageous enough to set himself to the task of

| compiling a Life of Hume from these authentic

On the whole Mr. Burton has, we think,

acquitted himself very creditably. We do not inaterials. It would have been satisfactory for

always agree with him in his views of moral, those who want to have the whole truth, if the

social, and political questions ; his local prejudices editor could have said that all the correspondence

must now and then provoke a smile ; his diction, was placed at his disposal ; but as the matter

though in general unaffected, and occasionally stands, we must be contented with Mr. Burton's assurance that " there is no passage which he felt

vigorous, is blemished not seldom by verbosity and

clumsiness ; but he has the merit of diligence, and any inclination to print as being likely to afford ioterest to the reader, of which the use has been

carries conviction of his honesty and candor, and

we must say, he has performed the most delicate denied him." (Advertisement, p. 11.) We can

il part of his task with a more complete avoidance not attribute any but good intentions to the Royal

"Tof offence than we could have thought possible. Society, or its committee, but we doubt the ex-1°

1 As a collection of Hume's papers ihis book is pediency of such half trust. If they were satisfied

alextremely valuable. It is true that they do not of Mr. Burton's sense and delicacy, and that he

tell us niuch more of his life, that is, of the events was quite above converting the relics of the dead

of his life, than we knew before. Yet a biointo instruments for serving unfair purposes of any

graphical sketch written even by the subject of it sort, there should have been no * denial of the

himself, and penned with all the simplicity and use" of any materials which might tend to illus

grace which Hume has thrown into his own trate bis subject. By acting as they have done,

life," affords but meagre food for study and reflecthese gentlemen have not only made themselves

tion, when compared with a collection like this of responsible for the perfect propriety of everything

ung his letters and journals, and scrap-books, setting which is here printed, but they have left a sus- |

S | forth the dreams and aspirations of the boy, the picion of something remaining behind which ap

opinions and feelings, the loves and hatreds, the peared to them objectionable, but which might

views of life, the successes and disappointments throw light on questions that have been mooted

of the man, all in the fresh colors and of the size and are still interesting. We will not dwell on

and importance that nearness gives. this matter. After all, the suppressions may be

" David Hume was born at Edinburgh on the trifling-of coarse expressions or personalities

26th of April, 1711." He was the second son of which, however, might have been safely trusted to

a good gentleman's family, though much too poor the discretion of an editor. But, in reference to a

to afford anything like a provision for a second son. report formerly noticed in this Review, on which

He perhaps had in him to the last something of Lord Brougham commented in his sketch of Hume,

El the usual pedigree-vanity of the northern gintiland to which Mr. Burton also alludes in his pre

lâtre ; but he inherited also the best patrimony of face, we cannot but remark that Hume's letters to Dr. Robertson, which were partially used by

Scotch younger children, careful frugality and a

proud determination of independence. Whether Dugald Stewart in his life of Robertson, and which

mainly from the circumstances of the country at must at that time have formed part of the corre

that time, which opened few channels for enterspondence in the possession of Baron Hume, are

prise and the occupation of youth, or from his not now in the collection submitted to Mr. Bur

natural disposition, his talents were not devoted to ton's examination ; nor has this editor found there

any active pursuit or profession. In ihe multitude or elsewhere a single scrap of Robertson's letters

of his letters and recollections Hume never mento Hume (vo). ii., p. 48.)

tions a school or a teacher of his youth, nor dwells We have said that the editor of a life of Home

at all upon the time which most men love to look had a difficult task-difficult in what was to be brought forward, and doubly difficult in what was to

back upon as that which gives a color to their

after-life. He gives us to understand only that he be passed over. To reconcile the natural partiality

was a grave, bookish boy, and that when he had of a biographer for his subject, with the honesty

run through the paltry course of academical eduof a true and faithful historian ; to avoid all con

cation which Edinburgh then afforded, he took to * Living Age, No. 3.

philosophize and build castles after his own CXVII. LIVING AGE. VOL. X.

VOL. X. 16

device. At sixteen, he writes to a friend a letter he had ever really admired a picture or a atatoe.” which his biographer thinks a very remarkable (vol. ii., p. 134.) one:

Hume himself tells us he " was seized very “ Just now I am entirely confined to myself and early with a passion for literature, which was the library for diversion. Since we parted

ruling passion of his life and a great source of his - ea sola voluptas,

enjoyments ;" but it was not a mere taste for

literature in the abstract. He very early set his Solamenque mali

affections on literary distinction ; his craving wat And indeed to me they are not a small one : for I

" What shall I do to be forever knowo, take no more of them than I please ; for I hate task-reading, and I diversify them at pleasure

And make the age to come mine own!" sometimes a philosopher, sometimes a poet- Like a mightier spirit, he assuredly felt “ that which change is not unpleasant nor disserviceable inward prompting that by labor and intense study, neither; for what will more surely engrave upon joined with the strong propensity of nature, he my mind a Tusculan disputation of Cicero's De might perhaps leave something so written to afterAgritudine Lenienda, than an Eclogue or Geor- times as they should not willingly let it die." He gick of Virgil's! The philosopher's wise man and devoted himself very seriously to study, and at an the poet's husbandman agree in peace of mind, in age when other men are just girding themselves to a liberty and independency on fortune, and con- the fight of life, he was meditating lucubrations in tempt of riches, power, and glory. Everything philosophy with which he should one day found a pis placid and quiet in both : nothing perturbed or school, and astonish the world. With such a disordered

settled scheme in prospect, he successively threw At secura quies, et nescia fallere vita

aside the study of the law, to which no doubt his Speluncæ, vivique laci; at frigida Tempe,

relations had destined him, and the mercante Mugitusque boum, mollesque sub arbore somnos

profession, with a view to which he spent a fer Non absint.

months of 1734 (ann. ætat. 23) at Bristol.

His visit to Bristol marks the era of an endated “ These lines will, in my opinion, come nothing letter to a physician, whom the editor conjectures short of the instruction of the finest sentence in to have been the eccentric Dr. Cheyne : and it is Cicero: and is more to me, as Virgil's life is more to the draft of this letter preserved by Hume that the subject of my ambition, being what I can we owe the very curious proof that, with all hle apprehend to be more within my power. For the natural coolness of temperament and acquired perfectly wise man, that outbraves fortune, is composure of mind, the young skeptic had by no surely greater than the husbandman who slips by means escaped utterly the maladies which overher; and, indeed, this pastoral and Saturnian hap- working the brain usually inflicts on the general piness I have in a great measure come at just now. physical system : I live like a king, pretty much by myself, neither i. You must know then that, from my earliest full of action nor perturbation-molles somnos. infancy, I found always a strong inclination to This state, however, I can foresee is not to be books and letters. As our college education in relied on My peace of mind is not sufficiently Scotland, extending little further than the lanconfirmed by philosophy to withstand the blows of guages, ends commonly when we are about fourfortune. This greatness and elevation of soul is teen or fifteen years of age, I was after that left to to be found only in study and contemplation-this my own choice in my reading, and found it incline can alone teach us to look down on human acci- me almost equally to books of reasoning and phidents."- vol. i., p. 14.

losophy, and to poetry and the polite authors. Now we do not say that this is a piece of mere Every one who is acquainted either with the phiaffectation, though its being found in draft savors losophers or critics, knows that there is nothing somewhat of a school exercise ; for what boy yet established in either of these two sciences, and keeps copies of his real confidential letters to his that they contain little more than endless disputes, schoolfellows! We allow it may have been a even in the most fundamental articles. Upon gond deal what at the time was passing in the lad's examination of these, I found a certain boldness mind; and those day-dreams of poetry and even of temper growing in me, which was not inclined early attempts at stoicism are not so rare among to submit to any authority in these subjects, but youths of secluded habits and misdirected educa-led me to seek out some new medium, by which tion as Mr. Burton supposes. Undoubtedly they truth might be established. After much study are not for good ; and with a less vigorous nature and reflection on this, at last, when I was aboat of mind or of body, the indigence would have eighteen years of age, there seemed to be opened produced upon Hume its accustomed penalty. up to me a new scene of thought, which trang But he wanto' wa of the stuff that goes to the ported me beyond measure, and made me, with an composition of a visionary. From his youth up-ardor natural to young men, throw op every other wards he was devoid alike of passion and imagi- pleasure or business to apply entirely to it. The nation, and it needed little effort to give him that law, which was the business I designed to follow, control of himself which it was his first object to appeared nauseous to me, and I could think of no

in. His biographer, with all his pains, can- other way of pushing my fortune in the world, but not satisfy himself that he ever felt the least access that of a scholar and philosopher. I was infinitely of love, and all the perturbations of his mind seem happy in this course of life for some months, till to have been never much removed from that equa- at last, about the beginning of September, 1729, bility which he perhaps fancied he had by laudable all my ardor seemed in a moment to be extinguished, efforts schooled himself into. He seems to have and I could no longer raise my mind to that pitch, had no sympathy with rural pursuits and pleasures, which formerly gave me such excessive pleasure. His Arcadian longings never passed beyond the I felt no uneasiness or want of spirits, when I low study of the Eclogues. “It does not appear from aside my book; and therefore never imagined any incident in his life or allusion in his letters that there was any bodily distemper in the case, but

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