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but without any ill effect. Lord Egremont took In 1801, the vaccine was sent from Breslao to great pains, in a correspondence with Jenner, to Moscow, where the empress-dowager * zealously clear up the anomaly arising from impure vaccina- promoted the new practice," and desired that the tion at Petworth, where he took all the patients, name of Vaccinoff should be given to the fint fourteen in number, into his mansion, to prevent infant-a female-submitted to it. She sent : the spread of the disease. This nobleman subse- diamond ring to Jenner, with a letter signed by quently became one of the most zealous promoters her own hand, expressive of “ her gratitude to of the new method.

him who rendered this signal service to humanity." Notwithstanding the violent and unscrupulous Jenner replied, that the imperial faror was not for opposition manifested in many quarters, the new him alone; "it will be felt by the whole world : cause made progress. In this same year attempts for sanctions like these will materially tend to exwere made to form vaccine institutions for gratui-tinguish prejudice." In Denmark and Sweden, so tous vaccination, in which Bath took the lead, fol- effectual were the measures taken for the propalowed soon after by London. At the head of the gation of the antidote, that the small-pox was ex. latter was Dr. Pearson, of whom mention has been tirpated, and did not return for twenty years; and already made. He arrogated to himself all the in Wirtemburg, penalties were exacted from all honors and advantages as head of the establish- those who neglected vaccination. ment; and, following his " rule of doing justice," Jenner himself offered one thousand guineas as he stated in a letter to Jenner, had reserved for towards fitting out a ship to convey the vaccine to him the honor of " extra-corresponding physician." Asia, when it had been delayed by the parsimony Jenner declined the offered dignity, and wrote to of the government. It reached the East Indies in Lord Egremont his objections to the plan proposed 1801 ; and the physicians at Bombay corresponded by Dr. Pearson-the man who had denied and dis- with the discoverer on the subject. The cooperatorted his experiments and declared firmly against tion of the Brahmins, and the favor of the natives, any compromise or contradiction of his own views. were secured by a trick. A short poem was writAlthough a fierce war was then raging, the farne ten in Sanscrit, on old paper, purporting to be of of the new remedy found its way to the continent. great antiquity, and to have been early known ia Drs. Odier and Peschin of Geneva wrote and lec- the country, in which the remedy was recomiendtrired on the subject : and in the two following ed ; and appealed directly to the religious feelings years 1500 persons were vaccinated in that city. of the natives, as the “ wonderful preventive" was It was known in America before it had been heard said to have been originally derived from a cow. of in Paris. Dr. Waterhouse of Massachusetts It was carried to Africa by way of the Mediterrafirst made the American public acquainted with it, nean; and in 1802, Lord and Lady Elgin, being through the medium of the newspapers, as "Some then on a tour, successfully introduced it into thing Curious in the Medical Line." The president Turkey, Greece, and the lonian Islands. The Jefferson, with his sons-in-law, vaccinated nearly matter was sent overland to Bagdad, on lint setwo hundred persons among their own connexions. cured between glass closely sealed, and dipped in At the same time it reached our colony of New melted wax until it became covered by a solid ball, foundland.

then packed in a box with paper shavings. lu Soon after, a vaccine institution was opened in arrived safe, and succeeded at the first trial. la Paris, superintended by committees appointed to other instances, the matter was fouud to be efficaobtain precise information, through whose labors cious after twice crossing the Atlantic, and retained the salutary remedy was made known throughout its virtues during a tedious mission through the France. The Spanish government, in 1800, took remotest provinces of the Russian empire to the up the question with extraordinary zeal, and fitted borders of China. out an expedition to convey vaccination to their The progress of the " extirpator" was such, that South American colonies. In 1801, a mission in 1802 it was stated, in evidence before a comwas sent to carry it to Gibraltar and Malta ; and in mittee of the house of commons, that 2,000,000 of the same year Dr. Walker accompanied Sir Ralph persons had then been vaccinated, of whom not Abercromby's forces to Egypt, and vaccinated one had died of the affection. These numbers were, great numbers of the troops. It was also intro however, but a small proportion of what they duced at Palermo, where, in the preceding year, might have been, had the practice of vaccination 8000 persons had died of small-pox; and into our been allowed to have free course onopposed by vessels of war by Dr. Trotter, physician to the ignorance, prejudice, or selfishness. Though there fleet, who said, in one of his letters, " The Jen- were many to do justice to the immortal discovery, nerian inoculation will be deservedly recorded as yet a host of others, on very slender grounds, one of the greatest blessings to the navy of Great raised a fierce and clamorous opposition. Few Britain that was ever extended to it." It was ea- even of its friends took the pains to make themgerly welcomed in Germany : and the successful selves well acquainted with ihe principles of the vaccination of Princess Louisa caused its effective new method. A* faction" of physicians got up introduction into Prussia, the result of which was, a spirited opposition in the papal states, and rethe foundation of a Royal Inoculation Institute at ported that vaccination had been forbidden and Berlin. In Vienna, the use of the new remedy abandoned in England. The most ridiculous and was at first forbidden, having been confounded absurd reports were published. A lady complained with small-pox inoculation : the restrictions were, that, since her daughter was vaccinated," she however, soon removed, and some of the most suc- coughs like a cow, and has grown hairy all over cessful experiments performed in that city. At her body;" and in one part of the country the Brunn, in Moravia, a philanthropic nobleman, practice was discontinued, because those who had Count Hugh de Salm, exerted himself, by the dis- been inoculated in that manner bellowed like tributing of rewards and treatises, to disseminate bulls." A Mr. Gooct. of Suffolk had, with his the practice in that part of the empire. A temple wife, vaccinated 611 patients, of which he observes was erected and dedicated to Jenner, in which his - In spite of all ignorant prejudice, and wilfal birthday is still annually celebrated.

misrepresentations, this wonderful discovery is spreading far and wide in this county. The first Inations of antiquity would have raised altars to people we inoculated in Hadleigh were absolutely Jenner's memory, or stamped his effigy on their pelied, and driven into their houses if they ap- coins—as was the case in some of the states of peared out."

Greece, and was done by the citizens of Cos in The same arguments that had been used nearly honor of their countryman Hippocrates. Cuvier a century earlier against small-pox inoculation, said, “If vaccine were the only discovery of the were directed against vaccination; while, in Swit- epoch, it would serve to render it illustrious forzerland, pastors were recommending it from their ever.” pulpits, the most uncompromising hustility was part of Jenner's reward was in the letters he shown in other places. Ehrmann of Frankfort received from all quarters of the world, filled with undertook to prove from Scripture, and the writ- expressions of grateful reverence, and anticipaings of the fathers, that “ vaccine was nothing tions of the benefits of his discovery. His case less than Antichrist." Sermons, abounding in was brought before parliament, and, not without invective, were preached against it. The leading opposition, the sum of 30,0001. was voted to him physician of Philadelphia pronounced it to be “ too in two grants. It was proved that, had he kept beastly and indelicate for polished society." In vaccination a secret, he might have made 20,0007. later years, the celebrated Cobbett also denounced a year; but he worked not for himself. The chanit, in his sledge-hainmer style, as “ beastly," and cellor of the exchequer said of it, during the deunfit for adoption.

bate, that it was “the greatest, or one of the most Dr. Rowley, a physician of London, was per- important, discoveries to human society that was haps more violent in his attacks than any other made since the creation of man." opponent; and his work is so far useful, as it But far greater the reward, in the consciousness gives us the sum of the arguments used against that he had saved to the world millions of lives, vaccination, and shows at the same time to what and secured humanity from its deadliest destroyer. extreme lengths individuals may be carried by It is not what we undertake, but what we accompassion and prejudice. The doctor set himself up plish and confirm, that constitutes glory. Jenner as the hero of anti-vaccination; for which he died with the title of benefactor to his kind. In formed a society to examine all cases of failures, the words of his friend Dr. Lettsom, " His claim and of small-pox after vaccination, which he con- is that of having multiplied the human race, and demned as a " greasy, horse-heeled project. The happily invoked the goddess of health to arrest sooner cow-pox infatuation is abandoned in toto, the arm that scatters pestilence and death over the so inuch the better for society. * * The world creation." His is one of those English names has been viper-broth inad-lar water mad-mag- with which intelligent foreigners are, as might be netism mad-cow-pox mad. * * Cow-pox devas expected, most familiar. Often have such persons, lation—all supported by ignorance, knavery, folly, taken to Westminster Abbey, and told that it is and false faith. * * Those will be considered the devoted to the names of our great men, asked for greatest enemies to society who longest persist in the monument of Jenner. Strange to say, while spreading the criminal and murderous evil. * * much military prowess, now of little account, is Chase from their houses all who propose vaccina- there recorded, this truly great and memorable rion. * * Glaring tyranny, to force vaccination man is without his stone, and likely long to remain on the poor. • * The world did not require cow. so. pix; the cow-pox was forced into the world. * * Earth trembled! and Heaven profusely shed tears.

Amongst French gossip, we may mention, that • The most excellent physicians are always

the Minister of Public Instruction has sent M. modest, candid, and unassuming ;" whilst vaccina

Alexandre, one of the Inspectors-General of the tors are “infatuated visionists," who pursue an

University, to Greece, to examine into the best "irrational and destructive practice. Wild, light

means for facilitating the study of Modern Greek headed adherents, who have distinguished them

in the royal colleges of France. It is intended, selves by ignorance.” The doctor appears to

too, to found an establishment at Athens, to which have exhausted the vocabulary to find terms for

a certain number of pupils of the normal schools the expression of his abuse, which was not un-are to be sent, with a view to the same acquisition. productive of evil. It was proved that, although! We find it stated, in a French scientific paper, vaccination was performed gratuitously at the that Siberia contains gold in such abundance, ihat Bloomsbury dispensary, yet not a single person its discovery is likely to produce a financial, revoluapplied during several months of the year 1806. tion in Europe similar to that which took place on An able reply was published by a surgeon named the discovery of Peru. In the period of the last Blair, who turned the doctor's weapons upon him- fourteen years, the produce of the gold mines in self, in a pamphlet whose title was quoied from that country is said to have doubled. Eleven one of his learned opponent's fiery paragraphs: it thousand persons are daily employed in washing was entitled “The Vaccination Contest; or Mild the mineral; and three times the number could be Humanity, Reason, Religion, and Truth, against so occupied if the hands could be found. Nothing fierce, unfeeling Ferocity, overbearing Insolence, but this want of laborers, adds our authority, premortified Pride, and Desperation."

vents the markets of Europe from being filled The attacks on the invaluable discovery were, with the gold of this rich deposit.-Atheneum. at the same time, vigorously carried on in other To Be Sold, (a great bargain, in consequence quarters. We should be at a loss to understand of the Corn Law Bill passing,) The British Lion, the motives of so much hostility, did we not see the proprietors having no further use for him. something of the kind in our own day, in the He would stuff well as a curiosity. His tail sneers occasionally bestowed on novel inatters of would be invaluable to a young member who science. The cause, however, triumphed. Ribald- wishes to come out in the comic line, à la Sibry, scorn, and abuse have dwindled down to a mere thorpe or D'Israeli, on account of its waggish proecho, and are scarcely or never heard. The glory pensities. For terms, apply at the Agricultural of a great man is ever attended by envy. The Protection Office, New Bond Street.-Punch.

E

SIR ROBERT PEEL'S MINISTRY. coërcion bills are bound to be prepared with some

thing better for good government-a matured polAll the world is interested in the probable licy, practical and efficient measures. Pretences change of ministry in England. The weakness, that Sir Robert Peel leaves Ireland in some extraorincapacity, and insincerity of the whigs has been dinary condition will not serve as excuse for whig so often demonstrated, that our only hope of good in

Some have accounted for Sir Robert Peel's perfrom them, is as instruments in the hands of Sirlines

'linacity by the presumption that he “ chooses the Robert Peel. Whether in office or out, this emi-Coërcion-bill as the measure upon which to go out nent English reformer will probably control, if he of office.” We cannot see a shadow of probability do not even direct, the course of public affairs. It in such a conjecture-not a motive for such a were desirable that he should direct, with full choice" on the part of Peel, but many against

it. It would be palpably impolitic for him to repower, the progress of the necessary changes. His

lire with even the appearance of attempting å vast sense, and eminent ability, amount to great.

measure hosiile to Ireland. His Coërcion-bill was ness. We copy from the Spectator of 13 June. only part, and we think the bad part, of a scheme

for the iinprovement of that country; and it is the The Corn-bill is Sir Robert Peel's special mis- part 10 which he would be the least desirous of sion ; to carry that he returned to office; to that giving disproportionate prominence. Others rehe gave precedence in the work of the session; proach him with imitating the whigs in consenting that bill the protectionists obstructed by every to retain office on sufferance. All these persons expedient; and thus they delayed the Coërcion- forget his explicit declaration, that he would rebill which stood behind. They would have had pain in office until the fate of the Corn-bill should Sir Robert prove his “ earnestness” by pushing be seitled, and that being placed in a minority on forward the Irish measure, no doubt, because that another measure should not make him abandon his would have effected their object of stopping the main enterprise. It is nearly achieved. RespectCorn-bill. The Corn-bill, however, is urged for- ing his intentions we know nothing; but our belief ward ; and so they take their revenge on the other is, that when his peculiar mission is accomplished bill-and on Peel.

he will lay down the power which he retains solely The revenge only seerns to succeed. Peel will for the accomplishment of that mission ; and will not be beaten. Throughout this trying struggle, then leave the government of Ireland, with the but most especially in the latter stages, his com- rest, lo that better management which the whigs mand of temper has been wonderful. It is a wise seem to think they can extemporize. self-control. It not only saves those exasperations of which one of his best colleagues is so recklessly lavish, but is a severe test of his capacity

PEEL OUT OF OFFICE. for commanding circuinstances. It lays in a stock/ TRIUMPIANT revenge for lhe country party! of popularity proportionate in the intensity of the still more triumph for the place-hunters expectant, present annoyance; attesis his personal sacrifices, and all the enemies whatsoever of Robert Peel ! and the sincerity with which he obeys the dictates The Corn Bill is safe—even the renerable John of conscience and patriotic policy; and it proves his Gladstone declares it to be virtually carried-but power to conquer obstacles—even the obstacles that its author is sacrificed. The corn-laws are aboihe might suffer from his own naturally imperious ished, but so is Peel. No doubt, some of the temper.

more politic tories look beyond, and, not withdrawThe Coërciun-bill cannot pass. Why then should ing all their trust in the ablest man on their side the minister persevere? 'There may be several of the house, hope better things of himn in opposireasons, but one is evident enough: to give it up tionchan in office : they think that he will return would be to relinquish the government of Ireland, 10 the old position which he sustained in the debefore the fulness of time for resigning the official cade ending with 1841, controlling the whigsseals. Other ministers, who have not been recenily when he revised all that they did, exercised a velo, placed in a state of antagonism with Irish agitators, frustrated so many of their projects, and allowed a may abstain from urging such a measure ; but Sir minimum to be done upon sufferance. In that way Robert Peel cannot abandon it now.

1:1". Reform Ministry” was converted into a great Nor do those who are to succeed him aliogether obstruction 10 reforin; and the tories would gladly relish the task before them of governing Ireland. see a return of that day. Liberals used to preThey begin to anticipate reproaches, by affecting scribe contioned endurance of the whigs to keep that Peel hands over the country in it worse state out the tories: the tories have learned that the than he found it. Nonsense: he found sedition, whigs may serve the purpose of keeping out Peel; and sedition is quclled. The existing social dis-while they expect that Peel, out of office, will reorder is the old perpetual disease. They say that vert to his old policy of nullifying whig measures. he has “no policy” for Ireland. Who has one?! - Don't you wish you may get it?" The what policy has yet been enunciated by any? It is phraso is not classical, but the question is apt. 1 indeed the first time that a bill for the coërcion of you are squeamish you may take it in the poetic Ireland will have been refused by the British parlia- forin6 The wish was faiher to the though." ment; which is an important fact, and may prove | The speculators make a grievous omission; they to be the first premonitory sign of some beiter pol- forget what has happened since Sir Robert Peel icy to be yet evolved. We hope so. The bill is was last in opposition. part of the old repertoire of Irish legislation, and Once in office, the whigs can only hold it on means very little : had it been enacted, it would the tenure of reform-they must be a reformhave made no substantial difference in the state of ing ministry. They can only exist on the strength the country-it is but a shadow of the past'; but its of outdoing the minister who has outdone them, omission is an innovation, and means much as the Many things which were not expected of the neosign of a new spirit. Those, however, who refuse pliyie will be deinanded of the professing veterans,

as arrears long over due. They, therefore, cannot | is growing old-fashioned ; and—most fatal characrepeat the old passive policy of mere occupancy teristic of all!-unsuccessful. It is unlikely that fur fear of worse.

the tories should gain at the next general election, Nor can Sir Robert Peel take up his old ground. or even hold their ground. On the contrary, we It was, perhaps, a sense of this which made him incline to think that in many places, liberals and hiat, two or three months back, that in going out Peel-conservatives will coalesce to return their reof office he should not necessarily go into opposi- spective candidates in pairs; a kind of vote-splittion." His position as a statesman is quite altered. ting which will, for the first time, not neutralize but Before, he was the ablest man of a party-the strengthen the representation of many places for party resisting that advancement which the whigs all questions of present importance. So far, then, professed to desire. It was the administrative and as Sir Robert Peel's section of the house is conlegislative incapacity of the whigs which provoked cerned, the next election, however brought about, his chief hostility : to the principles of their policy is likely to augment his strength. he at more than one remarkable juncture signified Under these totally new circumstances, his polhis adhesion. But he was the principal antagonist icy out of office must be totally new. He will of the whigs, and out of all measure the ablest; again perhaps exercise a controlling power over as such, their enemies chose him for leader. In the whigs in office; but a control in the sense of ofice, with matured intellect and experience, he compelling them to advance real measures, not has seen the necessity of carrying out in deeds that shams " for rejection," and of making those measpolicy which before lurked in parenthetical admis ures practical-good-real steps forward. And sious; and he has passed the severest commentary that he will be well able to do. He will in all on his predecessors by doing more in their policy likelihood be the leader of a party sufficiently nuthan they did themselves. From being the leader merous and influential to hold the balance between of a clique he has become the leader of a nation. whigs and .tories ; sufficiently tried in practical He has undertaken the function of representing reforms to assay those put forth by the whigs ; the national mind; and thus reflecting the popular and sufficiently in earnest, should the whigs faldisposition, he is as popular as the looking-glass. ter, to take the work out of their hands. Were there a national poll for the office of prime minister, the man returned would be Robert Peel. *There must be something rotten in the thing called DISTINGUISHED PUFFERS.- People are very natParty which can force from office the very man urally surprised at the zeal and amiability manifestvhonu the country would choose, at the very heighted by several nobles of the land in coming forward of his popularity and power. But though cjected to testify to the merits of quacks, chemists, and fr office, he will not be ejected from power. corn-cutiers. Old Warren, of blacking celebrity, Ilis own abilities are as great as ever. His inhe- used to avow that he kept a poet. George Robins rent strength was never so free, never so perfectly is believed to have for some time retained the 21 his own command ; since he is quite emanci- services of a novelist, who, by his magic descrippated from party trammels. In that respect his tions, turned patches of grass into paddocks. But T ition is without precedent. His alliances are in the present day it would seem that puffing has

taraken; he takes up new ground, without obliga- become more ambitious; and no advertising estabfrs, without restraints, except the necessities in lishment can be considered complete without a lved in his newly-acquired popularity.

nobleman. As to the corn-cutters, they have on He goes out of office attended by his chosen band their side so many members of the peerage, that of conservatives, properly so called-the picked they could carry the corn question of thembeu of the party which he formed, which has been selves, while the proprietor of some pill or ointdissolved, and which has now deposited its essen- ment has got so completely into the good graces tal element around the nucleus that he furnishes of the Earl of Aldborough, that his lordship seems 15 tis own person. Those men are not mere ser- to pass his time in taking pills, and writing puffs sile followers, swearing by Peel as an idol : they about them for the newspapers. se, like himself, men brought up among tories, As the aristocracy have latterly devoted them

bo bave undergone the same process of deliberate selves a good deal to this branch of utility, we eng version that has altered him : they are so many think an advertisement like the following would be leser Peels—a class of whom he is the type, and productive of much good to the proprietors of therefore the leader. These men include among quack medicines :Their pomber the most able, intelligent, and influ- WANTED, by the proprietor of a new pill, an earl potial of those who now sit on the right hand of who is willing to be cured of every disease, and the speaker: nor are their mere numbers contempt to notify the fact of his restoration to healih in ihes ible.

public newspapers. A gouty marquis will be litThere is sometimes a talk of “an appeal to the erally treated with ; and dukes with corns ir people." By what channel! how do you reach bunions may enter into an arrangement, either lry ** the people" in order to make the appeal? Not the week, month, or season. There is a vacancy through the constituencies, surely ; for they repre- for a consumptive countess; or any lady of tile sent the people imperfectly. But even thai limited having three or four daughters who are willing in appeal, and even too if made by the whigs, would take pulmonic wafers, and sign testimonials, inay pot seem likely to alter the classification of parties hear of a desirable offer. Persons signing the les. very materially. There would now be three par- timonials without taking the wafers, will be allowed ties joining issue in the appeal-the whigs, the the price of the latter in soap, or any other fancy tanes, and the proper conservatives; the two article of perfumery. latter being separated into distinct parties by the N. B.- No Irish earl need apply, as no person tory desertion of Peel. The election might per- of this description will on any account be treated haps somewhat increase the numbers of the whigs, with. A few barristers wanted for the new voice being in office. Spite against Peel would oust lozenges, and an engagement is open to any magissome few of his adherents in favor of tories. Butirate who is willing to recommend the portable on the whole, toryism is manifestly declining ; iiluuchcon in his official capacity.-Punch.

ALGERIA.

" It was at the moment of this critical resolation

that the deplorable catastrophe took place. (Mr. Walsh's Letter to the National Intelligencer.) 1

The deira did not feel itself strong enough to guard the Paris, June 12, 1846. prisoners, and was unwilling to set them at liberty: As Ireland is " the great difficulty" of the Brit- it therefore put them to death." ish government, the enterprise in Africa is that of Count Pelet de la Lozere, a moderate, sensible the French, and of all the French political parties. peer, severely blamed the government for refusing But Hibernia is an integral portion of the British to pursue a negotiation with Abd-el-Kader. Mr. home empire ; cannot be abandoned ; may not be Guizot contended that there was " as much genconquered ; will not quail or crouch. The difficul- erosity and humanity practised by Marshal Buty must prove in the end less manageable, more geaud and the army as was compatible with the 98dangerous, for England, than the case of Algeria ture of the war and its objects." He continued for France. Of the latter, let me write in some thus: “ Marshal Bugeaud says what he thinks detail. It has deeply occupied and sorely puzzled with a truly military roughness- avec une rudesse the chambers since the beginning of the month. vraiment militairc; but he is always patriotic, hu'The legitimists cry for perseverance, becanse the mane, equitable, generous; he has rendered great reduction of Algiers was affected under the Bour-services by his perseverance, skill, and courage: bons; the radicals, relishing war and conquest I acknowledge again that he sometimes expresses wheresoever, do the same ; the other divisions of his sentimients and the core of his ideas rather the opposition would not with the exception of a crudely, blurtingly." This eulogium resembled few bold, frank, and independent members—abso- that which Mr. Guizot pronounced in the other lutely recoil, but they entertain a variety and con- chamber on Narvaez, the Spanish hero of be trariety of plans of occupation, warfare, and inter- sabre. Some peers intimated ihat Bugeaud's bulnal adıninistration of affairs; the king has bis letins and razzias seemed to be forgotten; and family field and his personal policy in Algeria ; they went back to the excesses of the French the cabinet subscribe to his feelings and views ; troops in Spain as one of the causes of the miscar. and, besides, the French stake in that region has riage of Napoleon's invasion. become so considerable that it seems necessary or In the chamber of deputies, yesterday afternoon, inevitable to play the game out desperately on the the minister was summoned anew to explain why broadest scale. No one can define Algeria ; not he had not entertained the Emir's proposition for yet conquest-not colony-not an organized com- an exchange : he gave an explanation of identical munity, the government is supposed to wish for purport : "he believed that Marshal Bugeaud was a viceroyalty ; on the other hand, it is said, convinced of the inutility of listening to the over. "there must not be a viceroyalty; only a second tures, and he, Mr. Guizot, implicitly adopted that France, organized, governed, administered like opinion." This adoption he proclaimed, because the first, our own." In the chamber of peers, he had been charged with the design of casting on the 3d instant, the massacre of the three hundred the blame of the catastrophe on Bugeaud. "The French prisoners (not yet ascertained) was the sub-organ of Mr. Thiers repeats the accusation of perject of a call on the minister of foreign affairs. It fidy to the marshal. But it is not easy to admit had transpired that Abd-el-Kader had offered to ne- that either believed the Arab overture a feintra gotiate for an exchange, there being a multitude scheme merely to impress the tribes with the noof Arab prisoners in France. Mr. Guizot an- tion that their chief was treating on equal terms swered :

with the French Sultan. It was natural, every * If the government did not accept these over- way politic, for Abd-el-Kader to wish to release tures it was because they concealed a spare, some hundreds of his old followers, by ridding as the Emir wanted to have proposals made to bim himself of the French soldiers, whom he foresaw by France for the purpose of having the advantage it would be impossible for him to guard-whom he of rejecting them. Soch had been the firm convic- had little interest to destroy. The conclusion of tion of Marshal Bageaud, and such was the recom- an exchange would have been the best manifestamendation he had transmitted to government. tion, for the Arabs, of that equality, the appear• This is not serious,' said he, the intention is to ance of which, according to the French, he mainly deceive the Arab iribes.' The government would sought. It is plausibly suggested that the marshal have been altogether unreasonable to desire to im- himself was not sincere with the cabinet : that pose its wishes on M. Bugeaud, and all the princi- he either expected the deliverance of the prisoners, pal officers, on the spot. But the noble peer was without equivalent, on the dispersion of the dein, quite wrong in supposing that therefore nothing or was willing to risk the massacre, because it was done. The government did in fact employ all might excite a spirit in France auspicious for his the means in its power to come to their aid. An ideas and habits in regard to unlimited havoc and attempt was made to surprise the deira, but it conquest. The National, on the 3d instant, says. failed; and a negotiation was opened with the " In our soul and conscience, we pronounce the Einperor of Morocco on the subject. The govern- ministers guilty of the massacre of the prisoners." ment said to him, French prisoners are in your This language belongs to party-violence; but the territory ; this cannot be permitted ; get them ministers must regret that they deferred to the given back to us.' Once before prisoners had been marshal. restored in that way. The negotiations were going Some of the Paris journals have not hestitated on actively of late, and other means of a secret to inquire whether there be not extenuation or, in character were employed."

deed, warrant, for the assumed orders of Abd-el The deira is the head-quarters--the personal Kader, in the French razzias and butcheries; and camp-of the Emir. The camp conceived aların they have even translated the articles in the affirwhen it learned that the emperor might act againstmative of several of the London organs "The ful it; it resolved, from necessity, to break up and lowing paragraph of the Chronicle is of the number: disperse ; and Mr. Goizot, without adverting to " We do not wish to be considered as for ano French precedents, added :

moment justifying or even palliating the conduct of

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