sea not often met with in his speeches. He said, 11a climax to his anticipations of good, that when these reforms should have been effected, "the bloated paunch of the unwieldy rector would no longer heave in holy magnitude beside the shrinking abdomen of the starving and miserably prolific curate."

Sometimes his sarcasm on individuals is really •taring, sometimes playfully severe. We remember one amusing instance of the latter. One day, 0 the Catholic Association, a volunteer patriot— t Mr. Addis, we believe—came forward and made i very strong speech, more remarkable for enthu■um than prudence, in which he offered, if necessary, to lay his head on the block in the cause of Ireland. His address was rather a dangerous one to those whom he professed to serve, as the crown liwyers were at that time more than usually on the alert. Mr. Sheil desired publicly to counteract the possible mischief. He rose, and, with his peculiar sarcastic emphasis, observed, " The hononble gentleman has just made us an oblation of hU head; be has accompanied his offer with jbundant evidence of the value of the sacrifice." Columns of abuse from Mr. O'Connell would not bare proved half so effectual as this quiet rebuke.

Bat we must draw these observations to a close. The characteristics and defects of his speeches bare been more dwelt upon, because his eccentricities of delivery have been frequently and powerfully described. There is a striking correspondence between his personal peculiarities and the leading features of his speeches. He is unique as u orator. There is a harmony between the outer md inner man which you do not find in others— for instance, in Mr. Macaulay. Having read his •perches, if you see him, you are not surprised to fiii) that it was from him that they proceeded. Small in stature, delicately formed, with a strongly marked countenance full of expression, he looks the man of genius, and betrays in every motion tbat impulsive temperament on which excitement icts like a whirlwind. He seems " of imagination all compact." You see the body, but you think of the mind. It is embodied passion, thought, farcy; not mere organized matter. "Look! what eomes here *—a grave unto a soul, holding the Eternal Spirit against its will!" you are tempted lo exclaim with the poet who of all others could hive appreciated such rare products of nature's lore-labor, such unusual Mendings of the spiritual and the material. Yet there is nothing of the beautiful in a physical sense, little of that personal perfection or refinement which made a Byron or a Shelley so loved or worshipped by their intimates. The charm of Mr. Sheil's appearance consists in the striking and powerful development of intellect; in the quick reflex of thought in the features; the mobility of body, the firm grasp, as it were, which is taken by the mind of the corporeal frame, making it the ready and obedient slave of its slightest and most sudden will. Thoroughly masculine in moral strength, in the intensity of his feelings, and the strong power with which he impresses them on others, Mr. Shiel has also all the feminity which we attach to our idea of tho poetical temperament, though it shows itself not in personal delicacy or symmetry so much as in a wpreme and serene control over the body by the ■pint. There is more of Edmund Kean than of Shelley in this transparency of the corporeal man to the intellectual light within. A writer, who *ould seem to be well acquainted with his subject,

has said, speaking of Mr. Sheil's personal appearance,—

"Small in stature and make, like so many men of genius, he bears the marks of a delicate organization. The defects of a figure not dispropottioned, and yet not strictly symmetrical, are overlooked in the play of the all-informing mind, which keeps the frame and limbs in rapid and harmonious motion when in action. The body, though so small in itself, is surmounted by a head which lends it dignity—a head, though proportionately small in size, yet so full of intellectual development, so wide-browed, that, while it seems large in itself, it raises the apparent stature of the wiry frame on which it rests. The forehead is broad and prominent, but, at first sight, it rather contradicts the usual development of the intellectual; though really deep and high, it seems to overhang the brow. Under it gleams an eye, piercing and restless even in the repose of the mind, but indescribably bright and deep-meaning when excited. The mouth, small, sharp—the lips chiselled fine, till, under the influence of passion, they are almost transparent like a shell—is a quick ally in giving point and meaning to the subtlest ideas of the ever-active brain; apt in its keen-like expression, alike of the withering sarcasm, the delicate irony, or the overwhelming burst of sincere and passionate vehemence. The features generally are small, but, under the influence of ennobling emotion, they seem to expand, until, at times, they look grand, almost heroic. Yet when the baser passions obtain the mastery over this child of impulse—as they will sometimes over the best in the heat of party warfare—these features, so capable of giving expression to all that elevates our moral and intellectual nature, become contracted, the paleness of concentrated passion overspreads them. Instead of the eloquent earnestness of high-wrought feeling, you see (but this is rare, indeed) the gloating hue of suppressed rage, the tremulous restraint of cautious spite. In place of the dilated eye, and features flushed with noble elevation of soul, or conscious pride of intellectual power, you have a keen, piercing, adder-like glance, withering, fascinating, but no longer beautiful. Yet the intellect, though for a time the slave of passion, is the intellect still."

His peculiar style of eloquence, his rapidity of utterance, variety and impressiveness of action, and harmonious tones of voice, now deep and richly melodious in the expression of solemn emotion, now loud and piercing in the excitement of passion, almost defy description. Imagine all the beauties of Kean's performance of Othello crowded into half an hour's highly sustained eloquence, and you have some tangible idea of what is the effect. While the impulse is upon him he seems as if possessed, his nature is stirred to its very depths, the fountains of his soul pour forth unceasingly the living waters. His head glows like a ball of fire, the soul struggles through every outlet of expression. His arms, now raised aloft, as if in imprecation, are, in a moment, extended downwards, aa if in supplication, the clenched fingers clasped like those of one in strong agony. Anon, and the small, thin, delicate wiry hand is stretched forth, the face assumes an expression the very ideal of the sarcastic, and the finger of scorn is pointed towards the object of attack. A thousand varying expressions, each powerful and all beautiful, are crowded into the brief time during which his excitement (which, like that of actors, though prepared, is genuine while it lasts) hurries him on to pour forth his whole soul in language of such elegance and force.

Mr. Sheil occupies a position different from that of most of his countrymen in parliament. The Irish member who most approaches him in intellectual qualities, though not in actual eloquence, is Mr. Wyse. Like Mr. Wyse, he has associated himself with the whig party, who chose him to be one of their ministers when they desired to fraternize with the Irish Catholics, because he was at once talented, moderate, and respectable. For joining th«m, he has been made the subject of virulent abuse by the extreme party in Ireland: but he has too much steadiness of purpose and L'ood sense to be much affected by it. His position in the house is well earned, not merely by his eloquence, but also by the general amenity of his disposition, whether as a politician or a private individual. Were all the Irish members like Mr. Sheil, the Irish question might be speedily and satisfactorily settled.

From the Spectator.


Mr. Musgrave, whose colonial life as a clergyman is narrated in this volume, was, by dint of books on geography, early smitten with " romantic ideas concerning America;" and it was his boyish determination to settle in what he then thought an earthly Paradise. This idea passed away; but in very early manhood "a circumstance occurred, involving in its consequences so much of sorrow and misery as led him to form a more true and correct estimate of the comparative value of the things of heaven and earth than he had ever done before." He studied for the church; look orders; passed some lime as a hardworking curate in a large town; and in the year IS— was appointed a missionary for a township in one of our North American Colonies, (which seems to have been Canada,) by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts.

The Memoirs contain an account of his life and experiences, from his first arrival in the colony, full of the hope and buoyancy of youth, till he has reached mature ape, somewhat broken by toil, narrowed circumstances, and domestic afflictions. The topics of his pen are—the character of his parish duties and of his parishioners; the troubles he had in raising money to build churches, and in contending with sectarians; various incidents of a singular, or, as Mr. Musgrave is inclined to think, of a "providential" kind, occurring among the rough and simple people by whom a district is fir>t broken up; with accounts of occasional conversions among his flock. The more biographical subjects involve his own adventures on various occasions w hen travelling about the country, the personal difficulties he experienced in household affairs, from the peculiar position of a clergyman and the backward stale of the district; together with some domestic incidents—his marriage, the deaths of children, &c.; and a sketch of the campaign against the rebels, when be turned out, unarmed, at the head of his armed parishioners, who rose en masse.

With * slight touch of provincial fine writing, the narrative of Mr. Musgravo is very real, but

slightly literal and feeble. His composition ha* a singular mixture of the simplicity of the old divines) with the peculiarity of the modem Methodist trio, and something of that original unkempt character which people acquire in solitude, and which gave such individual raciness to the men of the middle ages, and even to our grandfathers. His weakness and peculiarities, however, impart interest to the book, as they present a truer view of the eon»mon life of the country, and of coarse homelier information, than if a more judging eye bad selected the subjects and a more skilful pen presented them. They are also full of suggestions and intimations. In the superstitions of the people respecting haunted houses, supernatural warning*, unearthly horsemen riding by night, and other sounds as mysterious, we have a picture of " old England" such as it was before rapid locomotion had banished the belief of the invisible world, or at least the avowal of it, save in those out-of-iheway places which modern improvements have not reached. More striking still is the manner in which it enables us to read and realize many things in the olden time: we transport ourselves "beyond the ignorant present." Mechanical and material facilities have induced in this country a division of labor and a fastidious refinement which attach fully enough if not too much to conventional and external forms. We are so accustomed to a "professional gentleman," much more a clergyman, not soiling his hands by doing anything useful, that when we read of ancient enactments against divines frequenting public-houses or keeping them, or pursuing any secular occupation fur gain, no effort of the mind can reconcile us to the idea; and much the same might be said of the farming parson, not yet entirely extinct. In the Memoirs before us, we are led to see the absolute necessity of many of these things in the outset (however improper or corrupt they might fiWr become;) and that in a poor country, where money is scarce and population thin and scattered. the clergvmnn cannot receive a money salary, but must derive his subsistence to a great extent from his own exertions. Where tradesmen of any kind arc rare and there arc no capitalists, he must work himself, or overlook the workmen he hires; ride like a post-hoy or a jockey, and indeed harder, in the mere fulfilment of his duties; and put npwith any accommodation that may offer. Nodnubl,lhe forms of things are different. In Canada there are no tithes, which the Romish Church in Europe managed to exact at a very early period; on to* other hand, a money salary, though insufficient, is paid to the missionaries; and the know ledge even of the most ignorant settler is very different from popular opinion in the dark ages. The picture of a clergyman's life iu Canada also suggests 0m advaniaue of celibacy to a missionary; at his labors indicate that monasteries in the first case had a real utility. Independently of the obvious advantage of dividing labor according to the aptitude of men'* natures, transferring the coarser business to the coirser mind, and reserving the religious duties and the scholarly pursuit* to the better and more refined character, one man was really insufficient for the duties of a large district. In thsj Protestant church this separation cannot well taksi place; and in new or poor countries a divine must become something like a jack-of-all-tradcs— wit*) no great advantage, we suspect, to his intellect or his delicacy. These opinions will be best tested by a perusal of the book: the proper extracts to support them folly would occupy more space than we can spare; but here is one.


"On one occasion I was called upon one Saturday morning, I well remember it yet, to marry a couple at a settlement fifteen miles off. I started very early, and got back about five o'clock in the evenin?, weary and almost worn out, more by the excessive heat than by the length of the journey; and was very thankful to return to my comfortable home. But on giving my horse, which was about u tired as myself, to my servant, I was informed that a man was waiting for me, and had been for several hours, to go with him twenty-five miles to see his wife, who was thought to be at the very point of death. I directed my servant to give the man his dinner, and got my own; and then immediately set off with him on a fresh horse, and arrived at my journey's end about ten o'clock at night. I found the poor woman very ill, worse indeed than she had been represented to be. I sat up and talked and prayed with her, or read to her, nil four o'clock in the morning; when her happy spirit ascended lo Him who gave it.

"I then threw myself on a sofa, which I found in u adjoining room, for an hour or two; and Stirling again for home, got there in time to ute a hasty breakfast, and to dress for church, at eleven.

"Morning service over, I rode nine miles to one of my ootposts, for evening service; and then borne once more.

"I was up early the next morning, in order lo be off in time for the poor woman's funeral, which was to be at ten o'clock, by my own appointment. A« I mounted my horse, my servant, a raw but well-meaning Irish lad, said to me—' An is't off win ye are? Sure an the horses '11 be kilt, if the buster bisself is n't.'

"' I cannot help it, John,' I replied; 'I must


"' Well, well!' he rejoined ; ' I never seen the likes o' this afore! But there 'a no rest for the wicked, I see.'

"I cast upon him a searching look, to ascertain whether his remark was to be imputed to impertinence: but the simple expression of commiseration on his countenance at once convinced me that be meant no harm.

"I pushed on, for fear of being too late, to meet the funeral at the burial-ground, about three miles from the house of mourning. I was there far too •ooa, and had to wait several hours. There is an unwillingness on such occasions to be punctual; wising, I am inclined to believe, from the fear of being guilty of an undue and disrespectful haste 'In bury their dead out of their sight.'

"It was late in the evening when I got home; ud, what with the fatigue and the heat of the weather, and the want of rest, I was fairly worn "ot, and so ill as to be obliged to keep my room for three days."


"I had for fellow passengers a country judge of the Court of Requests, a magistrate, and a colonel and major of militia, all belonging to and residing in my intended mission. Through the indefatigable exertions of some or all of these titled g**lry, in examining the partially-defaced direc


tions on my trunks, and questioning not only my servant but myself also, my name and purpose had been successfully made out before I had been an hour in their company. I was far from being sorry for this, as I received from them the most marked and flattering attentions. • * • "I thought at first, that, as far as good society was concerned, I had ' fallen on my feet:'but, alas! my judge turned out to be a petty shopkeeper, a doler out of drams to the drunken raftsmen; the magistrate, an old rebel soldier of the United States, living upon a pension of 20/. a year from that government as the reward of his treason, and at the same time holding a commission of the peace under the one against which he had successfully fought. The colonel, the most respectable of my dignified companions, had been a sergeant

in the regiment, and was now living upon his

pension of a shilling a day; and to complete my catalogue, the major was the jolly landlord of a paltry village-tavern."


"The people belonging to the church, although more numerous than those of any other single denomination, were still very few: and the first time I administered the holy sacrament of the Lord's Supper, I had only nine communicants. They were also very poor, as new settlers generally are; and this was comparatively, with the exception of the small village, a new settlement; and yet, strange as it may appear to a dweller in the old country, they were all well off in the world. They had all the necessaries and comforts of life at their command, and even some of the luxuries: still they were poor, as far as the ability to pay money was concerned; they had it not, neither could they obtain it without great exertions, and still greater sacrifices; and nothing else would build the church. Some of the work, it is true, could be done by themselves; and they willingly and freely did it."

The Annual Meeting of the members of the London Library took place, some days since, at their new mansion in St. James' square,—the Earl of Clarendon in the chair. It appeared, from the report, that this institution is fast progressing in public favor. The plan (which includes the lending of the best books in every language at the homes of the subscribers, and some of these the most rare editions of standard works and books of the highest price, for the small annual subscription of 21. with an entrance fee of 6/.,) has obtained such success, that, independently of the presents made by his royal highness Prince Albert and others, there have been expended upwards of 7500/. in ihe purchase of books. The library already contains upwards of 10,000 volumes.

Among the public works in Ireland about to be immediately commenced, for Ihe purpose of furnishing labor to the poor, we observe that preparations are making for the erection of the new college in Galway, on the site selected, and approved by the Board of Works. The design is described as being that of a splendid edifice—of the architectural style of Henry the Eighth's time—well adapted to the accidental resources of the locality, which abounds in limestone of the very beat quality.

From Chambers' Journal. I us." Such were the fatal effects of a disease deJENNER AND VACCINATION.

scribed by Sir Matthew Hale, eren in those who

recovered, as “the very next degree to absolute No more fatal or formidable disease has ever rottenness, putrefaction, and death itself." scourged the human race than one-now happily The world was in this distressing condition when becoming the subject for history—the small-pox. a remedy at once mild, harmless, and effectual, Authoritative evidence has of late years been ad-first attracted the attention of Jenner, then a young duced to show that it existed in the Mosaic period, man pursuing his studies under a practitioner at and in China it has been known from the earliest Sodbury, in Gloucestershire ; where the subject ages. Most of the fearful plagues which from of small-pox being in the presence of a country time to time, on various portions of the earth's sur-girl who came for advice, she exclaimed, “I canface, have swept myriads into untimely graves, not take that disease, for I have had cow-pox." were no other than devastating visitations of this ! " This incident riveted the atlention of Jenner. dreaded disease ; and even pursuing its ordinary It was the first time that the popular notion, which course, it carried off one in fourteen of all that was not at all uncommon in the district, had been were born. In Ceylon, whenever it broke out, brought home to him with force und influence. entire villages were abandoned ; and in Thibet, on Most happily, the impression then made was never one occasion, the capital was deserted for three effaced. Young as he was, and insufficiently acwhole years. In the Russian empire, two millions quainted with any of the laws of physiology or paof human beings died of small-pox in twelve thology, he dwelt with deep interest on the commonths. Bernouilli calculated that fifteen millions munication which had been casually made to him fell victims to it every twenty-five years, taking by a peasant, and partly foresaw the vast consethe whole world, or six hundred thousand annu- quences involved in so remarkable a phenomeally, of which number not less than two hundred non."* Possessing much patience and firmness and ten thousand were estimated for Europe alone. of purpose, Jenner was willing to wait the fruition And to come down to more recent times, the read- of his ideas; and contenied himself 'at first with ers of Mr. Catlin's work on the Indians of North speaking of the prophylactic virtles of the cow-pox America will remember the terrible accounts of the among his friends, which he recommended them 10 destruction of whole tribes by this deadly malady. I investigate. But they treated it as an idle notion; Regarded as inevitable, it came also to be consid- and as he persisted in bringing it before them, they ered as irremediable, and the world submitted to threatened to expel him from their society, “if its ravages as a calamity of fate. In 1714, Dr. he continued to harass them with so unprofitable a Timoni of Constantinople published a work on the subject." His firmness of purpose came to his subject; and to the good sense, courage, and influ- aid; he persevered in his inquiries. It was conence of Lady M. W. Montagu, who caused her tinually urged, in reply to his assertions, The son to be inoculated in the Turkish capital by Mr. evidence is altogether so inconclusive and insatisMaitland, surgeon to the embassy, England is in- factory, that we put no value on it, and cannot debted for the counteracting practice. In 1722, think that it will lead to anything but uncertainty her daughter was inoculated in this country by the and disappointment." His opinions, in many insame gentleman; and the method was generally stances, met with abhorrence and contempt, and adopted until 1740, when it had fallen nearly into were treated with general indifference. disuse ; but favorable accounts coming from abroad, Jenner was fortunate in possessing the friendit was again reviveď; and, to propagate the saluta- ship of the celebrated John Hunter, under whom ry modification, the then Princess of Wales caused | he had studied in London, and to whom he comtwo of her daughters to be inoculated. The new municated his views. The reply of the great anatremedy, however, met with great opposition. omist supported and stimulated his courageSome denounced it as an attempt, " at once impi-" Don't think, but try; be patient, be accurate." ous and unavailing, to counteract the visitations of He knew how to wait. In 1975, his ideas and prosan all-wise Providence;" asserting that, in the pects began to assume a definite form : he foresaw case of adults who voluntarily submitted them- something of the great work before him. To one selves to it, the crime was that of suicide ; but in of his friends, to whom he had explained his theorespect to children, “it was horrid murder of the ry, he said, “I have intrusted a most important little unoffending innocents." It was anathema- matter to you, which I firmly believe will prove of tized from the pulpits as an invention of Satan, and essential benefit to the human race.” He vaccinits" abettors" as sorcerers and atheists. A cler-ated his own son on three different occasions. gyman of London, named Massey, declared that it Many years, however, elapsed before he had an was no new art, as Job had been inoculated by the opportunity of completing his experiments, in the devil.

course of which a formidable obstacle was encounOwing to the careless practice of the time, there tered: he found that cow-pox was not, in every was some show of right in the opposition. The case, an effectual preventative of the small-pox. infected were not kept separate from others; and This led him to discover the true from the spurias inoculation always produced the true disease in ous vaccine matter ; of which the former alone its usual infectious form, it became more widely produces any specific action on the constitution. disseminated, and the mortality frightfully in- | Though this disappointed, it did not discourage creased. In the year 1800, it broke out no less him. He investigated the facts, and arrived at than twenty times in the Channel fleet alone ; and last at the true explanation. He talked of it; the records of the Asylum for the Indigent Blind showed that three fourths of those relieved lost * In after-life, Jenner was accustomed to relate an antheir sight from small-pox. Its victims in Great ecdote of the days of Charles II. Some one telling the Britain amounted to forty-five thousand annually : beautiful Duchess of Cleveland that she would soon de. and the celebrated La Cóndamine, pleading for the plore the loss of her beauty from the effects of the smalladoption of a remedy in France, said, “ La petite

pox, then raging in London, she replied there was no

ground for fear, as in her own country she had undergone vérole nous décime''--" The small-pox decimates an attack of the cow-pox, which was a preservative.

wrote of it to his friends; and it was mentioned in the emperor and king," became “rude, and truly London in 1788 by medical professors in their lec- imperious,” in proportion as his arguments were tures.

confuted. We are informed that she knew no In 1798, he published the result of his observa- more of the real nature of con-pox than Master tions in a quarto of about seventy pages, * in which Selwin did of Greek.” Bui, said Jenner, writing he gave details of twenty-three cases of successful to a friend, “ 'Tis no use 10 shoot svans at an vaccination on individuals, to whom it wos alter- eagle. * * My friends must not desert me now: wards found to be impossible to comunicate the brick-bats and hostile weapons of every sort are small-pox either by contagion or inoculation. After fiying thick around me. * * My experiments weighing every sentence with the greatest care, it move on, but I have all to do single-handed." In was submitted to the judgment of his friends. The a subsequent letter to Ingenhousz, he explains, work is interspersed with remarks on the identity “ Ere I proceed, let me be permitted to observe of the matter in the cow, and in the heels of the that truth in this and every other physiological inhorse, when suffering from the disease known as quiry that has occupied my attention, has ever “ grease "t and concludes, “ Thus far have I pro- been the first object of my pursuit; and should it ceeded in an inquiry founded, as it must appear, appear, in the present instance, that I have been on the basis of an experiment in which, however, led into error, fond as I may appear of the offspring conjecture has been occasionally admitted, in order of my labors, I had rather see it perish at once, to present to persons well situated for such discus-than exist and do a public injury." sions objects for a more minute investigation. In Many eminent professional men now appeared the mean time, I shall myself continue in prosecute to favor bis views, while others received them with this inquiry, encouraged by the hope of its becom- derision and distrust. Somne doubted all the facts ing essentially beneficial to mankind." ' and reasons adduced in his “Inquiry ;'a second

The publication of this work, so modestly and party denied the merit of bringing forward a fact temperately written, immediately excited the great which had been long known in obscure places in est attention. In the same year the author had the country; a third affirmed that everything reoccasion to visit London, where, during his stay lating to it had yet to be discovered ; and a fourth, of nearly three months, he could not meet with a that the discoverer's opinions were worth nothing single person willing to come forward to test the —that he had originally obtained the vaccine virus experiment. Mr. Cline, however, afterwards tried from another practitioner; and, even admitting his the vaccine maller, and proved that, when it had reasons, the protective powers of the new remedy gone through the system, it was impossible to com- would be lost after the lapse of four years. The municate small-pox 10 the same person. Two declared enemies to the practice were less fatal to ladies, whose names are deserving of record-its success than its pretended friends : the latter Lady Ducie, and the Countess of Berkeley-broke had a professional status, which lent authority to through the prejudices of the day, and caused their their statements, that imposed on the unthinking children to be vaccinated. The countenance and part of the community. Experiments were made coöperation of the higher classes of London were at the Small-pox Hospital in London, which proved in great part secured by the instrumentality of Mr. most disastrous to the infant cause; as, from want Knight, inspector-general of military hospitals : of care, the true variolous matter, as Jenner exand it appeared that females were most conspicu- pressed it, was "contaminated" with small-pox, ous in the good work; arising, probably, from and differed in effect but very slightly from the their natural anxiety as mothers for the safety of (real disease. This drew upon him the indignation their offspring. Lady Peyton urged the profes- of the metropolitan practitioners: who, however, sional men in her neighborhood to adopt the prar- jas it was afterwards established, had been actually rice. In the following year the children of itel disseminating the tainted matter over many parts Duke of Clarence, then residing at Bushy, were of England and the continent. vaccinated ; and a feeling began to spread in favor In 1799, Dr. Woodville, a physician of London, of the protective remedy.

published a report throwing doubts on the real effiJenner watched for the realization of his hopes. cacy of vaccination, which tended to check the 'The happiness appeared to be his “ of removing, high expectations that had been formed of it. Anfrom among the list of human diseases, one of the other member of the medical profession, Dr. Pearmost mortal that ever scourged our race.” But son, lectured on the subject, and issued circulars, the opposition was browing, and first, after the offering to distribute the matter to all who applied; publication of his “ Inquiry," came that of Dr. thus constituting himself the chief promoter of the Ingenhooya name celebrated in medical and sci- new method, to the prejudice of the discoverer, to entific history. He was on a visit to Lord Lans- whom his nephew wrote, “ All your friends agree downe at his seat in Wiltshire, when, hearing of a that now is your time to establish your fame and forcase of small-pox in a man who had previously tune : but if you delay taking a personal active part caught the cow-pox while milking at a dairy, he any longer, the opportunity will be lost forever.” It wrote to Jenner, pointing out the mischief his doc- had been intimated to Jenner, that if he would settle trine would cause, “should it prove erroneous.” in London, he might command a practice of £10,000 Jenner replied temperately and conclusively; but per annum. He observes, in his reply, “ Shall I, his opponent, who signed himself “physician to who, even in the morning of my days, sought the

lowly and sequestered paths of life-the valley, * An Inquiry into the Causes and Elects of the Vari

and not the mountain-shall I, now my evening is ole Vaccine ia disease discovered in some of the west. (fast approaching, hold myself up as an object for ern countirs of England, particularly Gloucestershire, and fortune and for fame?” known hy the naine of the Cow-pox.

But the good cause continued to make progress. + It is now kuowa "that there are at least four animals Its authri, in a letter written to the Princess Lou--nuinely, the horse, the cow, the sheep, and the goat-lic

isa at Berlin, in December of the same year, states which are affected with a disorder cornmunicable to man, and capable of securing him froin what appears to be a that 5000 persons had then been vaccinated, and malignant form of the same disease."

aerwards exposed to the contagion of small-pox ;

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