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when high oratory was more valued. He came horse of an ambitious party, the cause had come at but to be heard and to be triumphant. Heralded last to be regarded as “respectable." English by the hyperbolical praise of his Irish admirers, statesmen and orators--men who in a few year his first speech was looked for with a curiosity not became the rulers of the country-succeeded ibose unmingled with doubt. But he passed the ordeal great and eloquent Irishmen in whom the advocacy successfully, and from that hour has been regarded of Roman Catholic freedom from civil disabilities as one of the most distinguished and remarkable had always been regarded as justifiable-nay, a of the many great orators which his country, fer- matter of duty. In the mean while, all the legal tile in genius as in natural riches, has ever pro- dexterity of Mr. O'Connell had been devoted to duced.
the construction of an artful but comprehensive Our mention of the Hibernian admirers of Mr. scheme of agitation, by which the people of Ire Sheil reminds us that we have something to say land might be organized and an unanimous call be of that gentleman beyond what is prompted by a made on the English parliament for emancipation. recollection of his speeches in the house of com- This organization went on, with more or less suo mons. For, unlike most of our most distinguished cess, for years. Under the name of the Roman men, Mr. Sheil was famous as an orator long be-Catholic Association it rose from the most insigfore he entered parliament. His eloquence had nificant revival (after a temporary dispersion) in not been the least important element in causing the year 1823, until it assumed that gigantic shape that unanimity of feeling among the people of Ire- which ultimately terrified the government of Eng. land which ultimately led to the great political and land into an undignified submission. It was in religious revolution of 1829. There are very few that year, 1823, that Mr. Sheil and Mr. O'Con instances on record of men who have become nell, who were destined at no very distant time to famous as speakers at the bar, or at the hustings, be the great leaders of the association, first met, or at public meetings, having equally stood the under circumstances somewhat romantic, at the test of the house of commons. It is one of Mr. house of a mutual friend in the mountains of Sheil's many claims on our admiration, that having Wicklow. There a congeniality of object overbeen an energetic, enthusiastic, and successful came the natural repulsion of antagonist minds. leader in a great popular, or rather a great national and they laid down the plan of a new agitation. movement, he should have had the taste and tact That their meeting was purely an accidental one to so subdue his nature in the very hour of tri- made the results which followed still more reumph, as afterwards to adapt his speaking to the markable. tone most agreeable to the house, and to charm Their first efforts were received with indifference them as much by the fire of his eloquence as by the by the people; but in a very few weeks the asso delicacy of his rhetorical artifices, without the aid ciation was formed, and the rolling stone was set of those stronger and more stirring stimulants to in motion. To those who are curious in such the passions which form the very essence of suc matters it will be instructive and amusing to ob cessful mob-oratory. In very few instances indeed serve the parallel circumstances of the origination has he even discarded these voluntary fetters on of the Roman Catholic Association by some six or the exuberant vigor of his patriotism and nation-seven enthusiasts at a bookseller's shop in Dublin, ality.
and that of the anti-corn-law league, by a few Not as an orator merely will Mr. Sheil assist to merchants at Manchester, or at Preston—for the rescue this age from the charge of mediocrity, cotton-heroes of the late campaign hare not yet Thirty years ago he first began to be known and determined at which place the nucleus was appreciated as a poet-when he was only looking formed. forward to the bar as a profession, and long ere We have alluded to the natural repulsion of visions of applauding millions, or of high minis- antagonist minds. Contrast more marked could terial office, or a place in the councils of his scarcely exist than that which was exhibited by sovereign, ever crossed his ardent and aspiring the two great leaders of the association. That soul. As the author of the tragedies Eradne and their mental qualities were so different, and the The Apostate, Mr. Sheil already occupied a high sources of the admiration which each in his sphere place among the writers who were then his con-excited so opposite, may be held to be one of the temporaries-a place not very much unlike that causes of the great success the association now held by Tallourd. In the intervals of those achieved. If Mr. Sheil was great in thetoric-if productions, and for some time afterwards, he con- his impassioned appeals to his countrymen and to tributed to the periodicals of the day, and had alto- the world stood the test not merely of Hibernian gether, even at the early age of twenty-two, made enthusiasm, but also of English criticism, Mr. himself that kind of reputation for originality and O'Connell was greater in planning, in organization, a high order of talent which floats about society in action, and he had in his rough and vigorous and interests, by some means or other, more cer- eloquence a lever which moved the passions of the tain in their action than perceptible, the general Irish people. He perhaps had the good sense to mind in the career of particular individuals. Still, see that as an orator, in the higher sense of the although there were at all times vague predictions term, he could never equal his more brilliant and that he would * do something" some day or other, intellectual colleague. His triumphs lay in the no one seems at that time to have suspected that council-chamber on the one hand, and in the he contained within him the powers which soon market-place or the hill-side on the other. It was afterwards made him second but to one man as a in the forum or on the platform that the more ele Icader of the Irish people, and ultimately have vated and refined eloquence of Mr. Sheil, adorned cnabled him to compete with the most illustrious with all the graces of art, charmed while it men of the day in those qualifications which ensure astonished a higher and more cultivated audience. parliamentary success.
Thus they never clashed. While all Europe rang But with the time came the man. The Roman with the fame of the peaceful agitator," who had Catholic question had of late years assumed a taught his countrymen to use the forms of the congreat parliamentary importance. The stalking-stitution to the subversion of its spirit and objects; every scholar, every statesman, every lover of the daily causes of instinctive antagonism that must beautiful in oratory as an art, had already learned have arisen, is a miracle only to be accounted for to admire that new, thrilling, imaginative, yet by the influence which a popular movement always forcible style of eloquence, which ever and anon, exercises on its leaders, so long as they are all amid the din and clamor of noisier warfare, pressing forward towards the same goal. sounded the spirit-stirring tocsin of nationality and The Mr. Sheil, who now sits and speaks in the religious liberty, breaking forth like intermittent house of commons, who is a right honorable menlightning-flashes amidst the thunders of the agi- ber of her majesty's privy council, and was not, tation. Mr. Sheil, on the other hand, looked up so very many years ago, one of the most ornato Mr. O'Connell for his indomitable energy and mental, if not quite the most useful, of the memperseverance, his craft, cunning, caution, his bers of the whig cabinet, is, however, a very dif thorough nationality and identification with the ferent personage, indeed, from the young, enthusifeelings of the people, and would as little have astic Irishman, barrister, poet, orator, agitator, thought of substantially opposing his decision or whose fiery spirit fused into one silver flow of resisting his general control over the proceedings brilliant eloquence so many pure elements of demoof the association, as the other would have cratic power. Except at intervals, when the old attempted to vie with him in eloquence. So they habit recurs, or when some tempting opportunity went on together, side by side, though really ex-presents itself to urge the wrongs of Ireland withercising so distinct an influence, with scarcely any out compromising his new associates, Mr. Sheil of that jealousy or rivalry which has so often is one of the most quiet, silent, unobtrusive memstified similar undertakings in their very infancy. bers of the house of commons. Indeed, he has If Mr.Sheil's ideas of agitation were more grand and become so identified with the whigs, that you comprehensive ; if he would fain have gone by a scarcely remember him even as an Irishman, still more direct and manly but more dangerous road to less as one of those who, for so many years, dethe intelligence of the English parliament and fied the whole parliamentary power of the empire. people ; if, in his anxiety to impress on the world He has of late years thrown himself almost ena deep and startling conviction of the union and tirely into the conventionalities of the house of nationality of the Irish people, and their absolute, commons, and has undergone mutation from a pop even their slavish devotion to their leaders; if in ular leader into a partisan. This is said in no this his superabundant energy and velocity of pur- spirit of disparagement; on the contrary, however pose, he would have drawn the association into the “Young Ireland” may affect to scorn such appameshes of the law, there was Mr. O'Connell at his rent lukewarmness and subserviency to circumright hand to repress and guide, to steer clear of stances, it is really one of Mr. Sheil's most solid the rocks and shoals, to accomplish by that crafty claims to our respect. Nor is his oratorical power prudence and keen dexterity in escape which diminished when, on occasion, he deigns to resort savors so much of political cowardice, those to it. On several occasions he has delivered objects which, in the other case, would have been speeches on great questions not affecting Ireland realized by a more manly display of politicall alone, but the whole empire, which, for vigor, audacity. Mr. Sheil might be the braver man at beauty of imagery, boldness of conception, and the boarding-pike or the gun, but Mr. O'Connell sarcastic power, will vie with the best of those was the safer at the helm. made more fascinating to tne most fastidious intel-1 speeches to which we more particularly refer were lect. In his strong conviction of the justice of his delivered at intervals between 1823 and 1829.' cause, he would certainly at times broach doctrines Bad as the reports of these speeches are, still as to the means to be employed, which it required their intrinsic worth, their powerful eloquence, all the moral weight of Mr. O'Connell and his and exquisite beauty, make themselves felt through timorous prudence to counteract. But if the fiery ever so debased a medium. Perhaps the most reand impetuous young advocate of a people was markable of his speeches-the most original and sometimes thus hurried on, by the ardor of his characteristic of his peculiar mind were those he imagination, to lengths which his calmer judgment made at the different aggregate meetings of the would have hesitated to confront, it was so clearly Roman Catholics which took place at intervals only the irrepressible enthusiasm of the poel-agita- during the agitation for emancipation. Then he tor, not the significant appeal of the designing had a wider field and a more inspiring audience demagogue, that the poison of the thought had its than even at the meetings of the Association ; antidote along with it in the chosen and beautiful for, at the latter, the cautious spirit of O'Connell words through which it was conveyed. But, with prevailed almost without restraint; the jealous eye all their faults, and in spite of the meagre and im- of the government watched, with lynx-like preperfect reports of them which appeared in the cision, every movement of so dangerous an organinewspapers and the published proceedings of the zation ; and even the enthusiasm and valorous Roman Catholic Association, those speeches spread fancy of a Sheil were restrained within the limits the reputation of Mr. Sheil far and wide-wher- of a technical construction of the liberty of publio ever public opinion was aroused on the Roman speech. But the aggregate meetings were more Catholic question-a question which, to the oppo- a matter of open public constitutional right, and nents as well as to the supporters of the Roman there the enthusiastic and indignant orator revelled Catholic claims, was growing to be one of the most in the wild freedom of conscious power and irrevital importance. Their faults were, indeed, many, sistible impulse. The full force and beauty of The politician might be able to find excuses in the those speeches can now scarcely be appreciated singular position of the then leaders of the Irish but by those who were so fortunate as to hear people, and the momentous nature and exciting in them. They left an impression which has never terest of the contest, for the occasional bursis of been effaced by even the more perfect and chasanti-English feeling, the exultation over English tened productions of the maturer mind of the orafaults and follies, the unconstitutional tone of many tor. One of his greatest triumphs was on the of those orations, by which the suppressed hatreds occasion of that miracle-morally, still more than of centuries were arrayed against the compara- politically, a miracle--the Clare election. Nor tively innocent statesmen and people of a single should we forget to mention, among his great age; the poisoned arrows of the rash rhetorician orations, his speech at a great meeting, (at Carlow, might rebound from the mail of principle in which if we remember rightly,) where, taking the first the Protestant legislator encased himself, confident chapter of Exodus for his theme, and with the in its strength against all but the artillery of pop- Bible in his hand, he quoted with a solemnity and olar enthusiasm poured in by the more crafty and effect electrical on the sympathies of a religious designing genius of O'Connell. But the critic, and enthusiastic people, the words of the inspired fastidious in eloquence, could not forgive, in one writer, and founded on them an impassioned appeal whose genius he was compelled to admire, the to his countrymen to persevere in their career-lo frequent violations of good taste which the rising press onwards to the goal appointed fur them, orator had not then learnt to avoid—the use, with-heedless of the fears of the timid or the sugges out selection or abstinence, of metaphors, whose lions of the compromising. Words are inadequate extravagance could not be excused, however their to convey the effect of this speech : nor was the boldness might be felt or their force acknowledged, speech one of words only ; it was the action, the and the sacrifice to political passions of the sym- fine harmony between the thoughts and the esmetry and poetical harmony of what, but for pression, when the feelings were wrought up to those errors of a luxuriant fancy, might have been the highest pitch of tension in the enthusiasm grand models of oratorical perfection for all time, inspired by the cause, and the sympathy of the each, for its eloquent history of national wrongs, multitude around; all these drew forth the hidden an epic, not spoken only to listening thousands, strength of his nature till he poured the full force but recorded as at once a delight and a warning to of his fervid soul into his solemn theme. millions yet to come. And, indeed, we do not A very short period found him in the House of overrate the political value of those speeches while Commons. As soon as the Emancipation-bill thus looking back at their faults. Time has oblit- qualified him, as a Roman Catholic, to sit, his amerated their immediate effects, there are not many bition, or the tactics of the Association, led to his who remember to have heard them; and, of the being put forward for the county of Louth. He multitudes who read them and felt their power at was unsuccessful; and was ultimately content to the time they were delivered, the majority have slip into Parliament for a nomination boroughforgotten, in the excitement of subsequent contests, that of Milburne Port. In 1831, on the 21st of the great moral influence which they once exer- March, he made his first speech in the House of cised. But history is already recording their Commons, on the second reading of the Reformresults, and, happily for his own fame, and for the bill. He had not long proceeded with his address gratification of his countrymen, he who delivered ere the House perceived, and acknowledged by them is yet strong, ay, still stronger in those pow- their cheers, that they had in him, as in Mr. Mac ers which he possesses in such rare perfection, aulay, a mine of oratorical wealth, and a perpetual toned down and chastened as they now are in source of the highest gratification. His reputation their exercise, by increased intercourse with man- for power and originality as a speaker had preceded kind, and the natural effect which time and the him; and the utmost anxiety was manifested to absence of all causes of excitement have produced hear his maiden essay. In this respect he was on an ardent and irritable temperament. The differently situated from his eloquent rival. From
made in the very heat and fervor of his patriotism. To Mr. Sheil was owing the idea of at once It is not that his strength is diminished, but that it teaching the people of Ireland union and a sense is more under the regulation of his taste and judgof their strength, while obtaining an universal ment. expression of their wish for emancipation, by Some of the speeches--harangues they would means of simultaneous meetings throughout Ire- bear to be called-made by Mr. Sheil at the meetland, in every parish in the kingdom, for the pur- ings of the Roman Catholic Association, will bear pose of petitioning parliament to concede the comparison with the most memorable ever called Catholic claims. He would have gone further. forth by the spirit of democracy. Almost from the He would have had a form of prayer prepared first day he appeared on the platform of the assoby means of which, in every chapel in Ireland, the ciation, the attention of the political world, indeed people might simultaneously join in an appeal to of all thinking men was fixed upon him. Those Heaven for the advancement of what they had who could not be present to witness the powerful been taught to believe was a sacred cause ; that aid lent to his burning words by his striking and millions of men and women might breathe the same original action, still saw unquestionable genius in aspiration to their Creator, at the same moment the exquisite language, the novel metaphors, so throughout the length and breadth of the land. bold yet so well controlled, the forcible antithesis, The conception, apart from its impropriety in a the luxuriant imagery, the unapproachable sarcasreligious point of view, was a grand one, and tic power, and, above all, in an irrepressible spirit strongly illustrative of its author's character. It of patriotism, an indigoant sense of insulted nawas an idea more likely to occur to an enthusiastic tional honor, that bore onwards the stream of his and ardent imagination like that of Mr. Sheil, than thoughts with a wild and reckless abandonment, to the more practical mind of Mr. O'Connell; who perilous at every fall, yet, torrent-like, free again again was much more at home in framing a reso-at a fresh bound and rushing far away in flashing lution or organizing an association, or holding a beauty. By the side of the deep, steady current meeting, in such a manner as to evade the law. of Mr. O'Connell's eloquence, slow moving like a It was his successful boast that there was no act mighty river, the rapid flow of Mr. Sheil's pure, of parliament through which he would not drive a clear, poetical diction, gave a delightful and recoach-and-six. Mr. Sheil had a poet's conception freshing relief to the mind. Take up the proceedof agitation and organization; Mr. O'Connell'sings of those meetings, and the very sentences, so was that of a lawyer., Characters more opposed short and exquisitely framed, seem as it were to could scarcely have been brought together; that gleam and glitter. Never was sedition clothed in they harmonized so well, notwithstanding the many more seductive language, or democratic principles
Mr. Sheil, all men expected much ; Mr. Macaulay's! An analysis of Mr. Sheil's speeches would powers, except, of course, as an essayist, were show them to be in the highest degree artificial. known only to a comparatively few of his personal It is his object to produce, by the most elaborate friends, and those who had been his contempora- selection of themes, the most chosen forms of ries at Cambridge. If he therefore made, by phrase, and the most refined art in their arrangecomparison, a more brilliant speech, and achieved ment, the same effect which the spontaneous efforts a more complete triumph, great allowance must be of an earnest orator would have had in the highest made for surprise. Mr. Sheil, notwithstanding powers always at command. Mr. Sheil speaks the extravagant expectations formed of him, also but seldom, and takes much time to prepare his achieved a triumph; but it took him a longer speeches, which, though delivered with all the air time to acquire his absolute ascendancy as an ora- of passion and abandonment which the enthusiasm tor. People, too, were always afraid that his of the moment might be supposed to inspire, are nationality, which had been so useful in the agita- studied even in the most minute particulars—in Lion, would every now and then break out in some the words chosen, the contrasts of ideas and anti-English demonstration.
inagery, the tone of voice, the very gesture. But Mr. Sheil showed himself almost as great This preparation may not extend perhaps to every 3 tactician as he was a rhetorician. The war over part of the speech. In the level portions, or in and the victory won, he buried the sword and for those allusions which are called forth by what has bore to exult over the vanquished. Throughout happened during the debate, he trusts in a great his subsequent parliamentary career, he has identi- measure to the impulse or the judgment of the fied himself with an English party; and, while moment, though even here you may every now still advocating, with eloquence as energetic but and then detect a phrase or a thought which smells more chastened, the “ wrongs" of Ireland, he has of the lamp ; but the great passages of the speech never run counter to the feelings of the English as those which the world afterwards admires, and & nation. In this respect he differs from Mr. which, in fact, form the foundation of the fame O'Connell and the parti prêtre as much as from of the orator--these are hewn, chiselled, and pol* Young Ireland" or the party republican. Grat- ished with all the tender care of a sculptor, reitude for emancipation made him, together with hearsed with all their possible effects, and kept in the new Irish Catholic members, vote with the reserve until the moment when they may be incor mass of the English people on the Reform ques- porated in all their brilliancy and perfection, with tion. That gratitude has never died within him. ihe less conspicuous parts, where they shine forth The penal laws on the Roman Catholics he con- resplendently like bright gems in a dull setting. wived to be the real badge of national subjuga- It is in rhetoric and sarcasm that he is most dis tion; those once abrogated, he considered himself linguished. As a rhetorician he is almost perfect. one of the people of the British empire, ‘and, No man whom this generation has ever heard while still urging on Parliament the gradual fulfil- speak equals him in the power with which he ment of the contract of 1829, in what he would works out an idea, an argument, or an illustration, call its spirit as well as its letter, he never forgot so as to make it carry all the force and weight of that justice to England was quite as sacred a duty which it can possibly be made capable. And this, us justice to Ireland. Not so all his friends. although it is really the result of such art, is done
This tact and abstinence in Mr. Sheil very ma- by means apparently so simple that the hearer's terially lessen the difficulty of criticizing the mind is unconsciously captivated. A happy adapspeeches he has made in Parliament. If they are tation of some common thought, an infusion of ever disfigured, it is not by wrong sentiment or nervous metaphor, which gives a coloring to a the ondue infusion of political feeling; their blem- whole passage without leaving open any point istes are obvious only in a critical point of view, tangible to opposition ; delicate antithesis, the and are at the same time so entirely counterbal- more effective from its not appearing forced ; anced by their beauties, that they might be passed these are among the many arts which Mr. Sheil wer, were it not that their exposure might possi- uses to insinuate his views and feelings into the bly prevent a very seductive example being followed mind, while avoiding the appearance of making a by others. It should be added, too, that our deliberate assault, or laying himself out to entrap remarks apply to Mr. Sheil's speeches as delivered, or to persuade. Occasionally there are bursts of not as printed in the newspapers. From the passionate eloquence which it requires all your extraordinary rapidity of his utterance, and the skepticisin to make you believe are not the warm abrupt transitions of voice in which his enthusiasm outpourings of an excited mind; but so you may and ardor lead him to indulge, even the most say of a Kemble or a Macready. In his speeches Experienced reporters find a difficulty in rendering on Irish subjects especially this apparent sincerity his speeches with perfect fidelity and freedom. It is most conspicuous. His heart always appears to is obvious that an orator whose beauties of style be in his appeals to the English nation on behall depend so much upon the most slight and evanes- of his country, and no doubt at many times he cent touches, the nicest discrimination of language, must fling off his habits of preparation and give the artful collocation of words and sentences so as rein to his feelings or his imagination. In speakto make emphasis supply in many cases the thought ling of Ireland he personifies her-talks of her and which parliamentary custom will not permit to be her wrongs as he would of some lovely and injured expressed in words, must suffer irrevocable damage woman, whose cause he was espousing. Some if in the process of transmutation the fine aroma times his propensity to personify runs him into is lost, or the exquisite tints and shades confounded extremes. Speaking of the address for a Coerin a general flainess and tameness of coloring. cion-bill in 1833, he characterized it as one which Nor is the case mended when he afterwards writes struck Ireland dumb, and clapped a padlock on her his own speeches. He then falls into nearly the lips ; though it never could stop the throbbing of kame error. The heat of his mind has cooled, her big and indignant heart!" One of his most and he cannot so speedily reproduce it. Some- remarkable and beautiful outbursts of nationality des an intelligent and able reporter will produce was in 1837, in his celebrated attack on Lord a better version than his own.
Lyndhurst for his “ alien" speech. Alluding to
the alleged charge that the Irish were aliens in which he so successfully assailed Lord Lyndhurst blood and religion, he delivered this magnificent with the keen arrows of his oblivious passion. burst:
1 Metaphor and antithesis are the chief agents he " Where was Arthur Duke of Wellington when uses in his speeches. Sometimes the latter is exthose words were uttered? Methinks he should quisitely perfect; sometimes, on the other hand, have started up to disclaim them.
labored and clumsy, and so forced as to defeat
itself. Too often he is run away with by the seThe battles, sieges, fortunes that he'd pass’d'
u duction of this pleasing but mechanical mode of ought to have come back upon him. He ought to pointing thoughts, to the manifest injury and have remembered that, from the earliest achieve- weakening of his argument or of the general tune ment in which he displayed that military genius he wishes to convey. Then you see that he is which has placed him foremost in the annals of only the orator, the sentence-maker, the painter modern warfare, down to that last and surpassing of brilliant pictures; that he wishes his triumphs combat which has made his name imperishable to be more over the passions or the imagination from Assaye to Waterloo the Irish soldiers, with than over the reason or the judgment. His style whom your armies were filled, were the insepara- has other defects akin to these. For instance, he ble auxiliaries to the glory with which his unpar- will often sacrifice the real strength of a phrase alleled successes have been crowned. Whose were and endanger the success of the thought or arguthe athletic arms that drove your bayonets at ment it conveys, led away by the seductive sound Vimiera through the phalanxes that never reeled of some word or words rhythmically pleasing in in the shock of war before? What desperate combination, but the application of which in such valor climbed the steeps and filled the moats of a manner the judgment rejects ; and he will also Badajos ? All, all his victories should have rushed lose the force and beauty of real antithesis in the and crowded back upon his memory; Vimiera, glitter or the novelty of its false counterpart. Badajos, Salamanca, Albuera, Toulouse--and last For an odd paradoxical phrase he will risk the of all, the greatest. Tell me, for you were there simplicity and truth of a sentence. Speaking of -I appeal to the gallant soldier before me, (point- the Whig Tithe-bill, he exclaimed, “ Tithes are ing to Sir Henry Hardinge,) who bears, I know, to be abolished. How? By providing for them a generous heart in an intrepid breasltell me, a sepulchre from which they are to rise in an infor you must needs remember, on that day when morial resuscitation !" This is an abuse of lanthe destinies of mankind were trembling in the guage. His metaphors are bold and striking, balance, while death fell in showers upon them; Among many brilliant things in his speeches when the artillery of France, levelled with the against Lord Stanley he said "The people of precision of the most deadly science, played upon Ireland behold the pinnacles of the Establishment them ; when her legions, incited by the voice, in- shattered by the lightning of Grattan's eloquence." spired by the example of their mighty leader, He excels in sarcastic humor, which is generally rushed again and again to the contest ;-iell me if conveyed in the most delicate touches. He is for an instant, when to hesitate for an instant was like Lord Lyndhurst in the apparent ease and artto be lost, the aliens' blanched? And when, at lessness with which he infuses the most keen and length, the moment for the last decisive movement cutting allusions by the addition of a word or the had arrived; when the valor, so long wisely turn of a sentence in the midst of the most level checked, was at last let loose : when with words argument. He seldom makes a “dead set” at his familiar, but immortal, the great captain exclaimed, victim, like Lord Brougham; and he therefore • Up, lads, and at them!'-tell me if Catholic produces the more effect. Some of his smartest Ireland with less heroic valor than the natives of hits of this kind were at Lord Stanley. It was he your own glorious isle precipitated herself upon who spoke of that minister as “the then Secrethe foe! The blood of England, Scotland, Ire- tary-at-war with Ireland ;" and, when alluding to land, flowed in the same stream, on the same field; Sir James Graham in council with the noble lord, when the chill morning dawned their dead lay cold he spoke of them as “ Lord Stanley and his conand stark together; in the same deep pit' their federate.” On another occasion, speaking of “dibodies were deposited ; the green arm of spring is vine service," as referred to in an act of parlianow breaking on their commingled dust; the dew ment, he jetted in a parenthesis (" divine is an falls from heaven upon their union in the grave. alias for Protestant”) well understood by the Partakers in every peril, in the glory shall we not Roman Catholics, and having as much force as participate? And shall we be told, as a requital, twenty elaborate speeches. He is not very rerihat we are estranged from the noble country for erent in his jokes.Alluding to the Temporalities whose salvation our life-blood was poured out ?" act, he observed that “ Lord Stanley had struck
The effect produced by this passage will not be off ten bishops at one blow; he blew off ten mitres easily forgotten. The passionate vehemence of from the head of the hierarchy at a single puff." the speaker and the mournful music of his voice if he can make a witty point or shape a felicitous were a living echo to the deep emotions with phrase, no fastidiousness of taste or delicacy of which his soul seemed charged. Lord Lyndhurst feeling restrains him from wreaking his wit on an was in the house at the time, and although con- antagonist. There are several instances on record scious that the whole passage was only a beautiful where he has done this towards individuals, though phantasmagoria raised by the art of the rhetorician, never in an ill-natured or spiteful spirit. He is still he could not but admire. It would seem in- equally liberal in his sarcastic allusions to classes vidious to attempt to neutralize so fine a burst of or bodies of men, and not more delicate. We feeling ; but a few words of truth will go far to remember an instance in one of his speeches which do it. It unfortunately happens that Mr. Sheil illustrates this peculiarity in his style. He had himself, in a speech at the Roman Catholic Asso- been drawing a somewhat glowing and overciation, in January, 1823, laid down in distinct charged picture of the good results to ensue from and unequivocal terms the very same doctrine- church reform, and he summed them up in terms that the Irish were aliens-for giving currency to of characteristic power, and of a degree of coarse