« VorigeDoorgaan »
It appears, by the log of the brig Courier, that, change for the captives. The chief was, however, on the 26th May, 1844, the chief mate, Mr. Wil- not satisfied with the proposed ransom; and Capson, was sent with three hands to take soundings tain Northwood desired the men to return to the near Arguin, and that, on approaching the shore, Courier, and request Captain Vaughan to send they saw some natives, among whoin was a white everything he could possibly spare. The latter, man, who hailed them in English. This induced accordingly, gave his mate in addition three or four Mr. Wilson to run his boat on shore, for the pur- dozen handkerchiefs, and other articles, and the pose of relieving his supposed countryman, but crew collected among themselves twenty-five as he neared, the natives began to beat their cap- shirts. These were all put in the long-boat, under tive with clabs, and it was not till the boat's mus- the charge of Mr. Wilson and his six hands, aokets were levelled at their heads that they desisted, companied by the cutter, with five men, all well and took to their heels. The white man immedi- armed. Captain Vaughan gave positive orders ately made for the boat, and was taken on board that they were on no account to land, but to anthe Courier. He stated that his name was Samuel chor near the shore, exhibit the articles they had Phillips, that he was a seaman belonging to the brought, and only to allow two or three chiefs to Margaret, of London, commanded by Captain approach them to treat. Unfortunately these orNorthwood, who, with a portion of the crew, was ders were disregarded, and as the islanders apthere in captivity, and subjected to the most cruel peared friendly, the whole party went on shore. treatment by the natives.
Captain Vaughan, seeing from his ship that about Captain Vaughan immediately determined to forty natives were hastening to the beach, called release his fellow-countrymen by ransom or other loudly to Mr. Wilson to return on board-an order wise; and therefore brought up his ship, and an- which, although it was heard, was not attended ehored on the west side of the island, in four and to. The islanders, as Captain Vaughan expected, a half fathoms water, about a mile from the shore. fired as soon as the party landed, and the only Four men then appeared on the beach, and made one who escaped was Mr. Barrington Daines, the signs for them to land. This was not complied second mate, who succeeded in swimming off to with ; and on the following morning the Courier the ship, although desperately wounded, having got under weigh, and proceeded to the south-west received two shots in the arm, and one in the side. point of the island, anchoring again in five fathoms Mr. Wilson and two men were killed, while three water. The chief mate then landed with six men, were dangerously wounded. William Honey reand were kindly received by the natives, who ceived two balls in the left arm, close to the shoulproinised to bring down Captain North wood and der. Being considered dead, he was, with Mr. the other prisoners early next day, to be ransomed. Wilson and the other two men, thrown into the At the appointed time the natives came to the sea; but, revived doubtless by the salt water, had beach with Captain Northwood, who waved his contrived 10 crawl to land. Captain Vaughan havhat, and requested Captain Vaughan to send a ing only two seamen and two landsmen left in his boat ashore ; and accordingly the mate was again ship, and seeing that the Arguins were preparing despatched with six hands, and provided with a to attack him, slipped his cable, and was reluc. supply of tobacco and other things, to offer in ex-tantly compelled to leave his countrymen to their
wretched fate. trade at their factory on the Senegal, is situated in 20 de- ! The wounded were now carried to a small hut. grees 27 minutes north, and 16 degrees 37 minutes west. It is between thirty and forty miles long, and about one
| where their sufferings during the night were inmile wide. It is about eight miles from the mainland, tense. The next day, however, Captain North(west coast of Africa,) between which and the island the wood induced the natives to dress their wounds ; water is shallow. There are three or four channels, the and though the system of surgery was rude in the main baving a depth of five feet. On the outer or sea: Textreme, it proved efficient. Indeed, all the men card side there is, according to the positive assurance of Captains Northwood and Vaughan, and of W. Honey, reco
recovered, even those whose limbs, in Europe, from five to seven fathoms water close in-shore ; a fact would have been subjected to instant amputation. which is, moreover, attested by a person in Bathurst, and After a preliminary dressing, of a somewhat novel signed by Lloyd's agent. This is important, as a differ- and not very delicate character, their wounds were ent opinion has been entertained. The island is of a the next day seraned with an
the next day scraped with a common knife, and whitish rock, covered with a constantly shifting sand.
They The northern portion is flat, but the souihern rises to an cauterized with the head of a red-hot nail. elevation which admits of its being seen at a distance of were then washed with fish-oil, which gave great thirty miles. The soil produces no wood but a small relief. The sufferings of Honey were dreadful; shruh, yielding a caustic juice applied medicinally by the he was burned eighteen times, and eight pieces of natives. Fuel is brought to the island from a place filty the main bone of his arm came away. The wound miles in the interior of the continent. Water is abundant and ercellent. though it has the appearance of milk, in his breast they cut out with an instrument, reTwo fairs are held annually on the island, in June and sembling in shape a blacksmith's shovel, while December; many strangers from a distance frequent them, they forced out the balls with brass rods. John bringing for barier necklaces, beads, cloths, and tobacco, M'Donald received three balls in the abdomen, two for which they receive dried fish and oil.
very severe sabre cuts on the head, by which his The inhabitants are about sixty in number, including women and children. Their only food is fish and fish skull was fractured. His head and skull were oil: they have neither bread nor vegetables, except a scraped with a common knife twice a-day. Strange small portion of rice, which is reserved for the sick. to say, the sufferings of these men seemed to afThese people are remarkably affectionate to their chil- ford great amusement to the women and children, dren, and seldom quarrel among themselves. They are strict Mohammedans in all things but their ablutions,
| who imitated their moans and cries. However,
ha which they neglect. The people are tall and well-pro- they all recovered, though, during the eleven portioned, and their dress simple. They go armed with months of their captivity, their only food was fish; musket, dagger, and scimitar; and possess six boats, in- and they were often kept a considerable time withdading those captured from the British. The only quad. out water, although there was abundance of it. rapeds on the island, exclusive of dogs and cats, are white rats. The heat is very great, though generally
Even the women, who among the most savage terapered by a breeze from the north-east, and healthí. tribes show almost always some sign of compagDess appears to be characteristic of the island.
sion, appeared to take delight in their sufferings,
and the little children pelted them with stones. I thing called for by the exigency of a moment, and To add to their miseries, they were in daily ex- done through merely instinctive impulse ; yet coin pectation of being sent to the mainland and sold to must honor it. The simplest charities of life perpetual slavery.
become a matter of tariff between superiors and There was, however, one person who had heard inferiors. of their captivity, and who was taking active Let us proceed to illustrate this part of our ineasures for their deliverance; namely Captain national code of morality. We were once placed Isemonger, commanding the merchant brig Africa in circumstances in Paris strongly reminding us nus, who happened fortunately to be on the coast. of Sterne and his grisette. Wandering along its This gentleman possesses great influence on that obscure streets, we lost our way, and appeared part of the coast of Africa; and, on communica- likely to have roamed on forever, as each pew ting the intelligence to the king of Trazars, who street seemed the precise facsimile of the last, is very friendly to the English, this monarch im- until at length we ventured to ask the way from mediately sent to Arguin, ordering the restoration a busy, little Frenchwoman, seated at the door of of the captives, or threatening to send an expedi- her shop. A thousand different directions, uttered tion to destroy the whole tribe. Captain North- in a thousand different phrases, sent us away as wood, and all his men who could be moved, were perplexed as before. Led by blind chance, we accordingly placed in an old fishing-boat, escorted directed our steps straight on, and passed a street by ten of the natives, and, after a painful voyage down which we ought to have turned. We had of nine days, were delivered over to the gallant not gone far, when a great outcry was heard Isemonger. Honey and his two wounded com- behind us, joining itself to the clatier of a couple panions were left behind, and Captain Northwood of wooden shoes. Monsieur was altogether wrong; did not then think there was the least chance they and we were led to understand that we might have would survive their sufferings. However, through girdled the globe in that direction without arriving the exertions of the man who effected the deliver- at our destination ; however, the error was corance of all, these wounded men were ordered to rected, and we speedily reached home. We were be delivered up, without ransom, to any European in precisely the same predicament in London, and ship that would receive them. No vessel appear. had occasion to ask for similar instruction from ing to claim them, despite the efforts made at home one of two lumping boys idly lounging at the for that purpose, they were, after eleven months corner of a street. What was our success? The of great suffering, conveyed by the Arguins them- boy declined affording the requisite information selves to the Gambia. It must appear extraordi- gratuitously, but offered to put us right in two nary that these men should have been allowed to minutes for twopence. Behold the contrast! Asremain eleven months in this dreadful state, within suredly, many though the social errors of our eight days' run of our shore. Despite the efforts neighbors are, mercenary civility is not to be of the owners to induce government to act, some reckoned among them. misapprehension seemed to exist ; for, in reply to Every-day life supplies us with abundant instanthe urgent intreaties of the mother of William ces—they must occur to every one of the venal Honey, the secretary of state forwarded an extract light in which all little good offices are regarded in from a despatch written by Captain Bosanquet, England. If a horse has broken his bridle, and commanding her majesty's ship Alert, which siates gambolled a few yards down the street, and is that he had communicated with one of the chiefs brought back an unwilling captive by some advenof Arguin, who " stated that the three Englishmen turous person; if a memorandum is dropped, and had died of their wounds, and that they had no some lucky boy has picked it up, and restored it white prisoners." This despatch is dated 7th No to its rightful owner; if, on a blustering day, the vember, 1844, and the men were not liberated until wind will take your hat off, and it scampers down the 1st May, 1845. They arrived in London on some hilly street, and is caught by some fleet3d of August. It is most unfortunate that this re- legged errand-boy, who has participated with port should have been fully credited, as, but for some half dozen others in the fun of the capture; ihe benenolent and patriotic exertions of Captain if your handkerchief hangs from your pocket, and Isemonger, they would have lingered out their some extra-honest passer-by informs you of the wretched lives upon the island.
circumstance, with a touch of his hat, intimating
that your honor might have lost it ; if you sprain From Chainbers' Journal. your ankle, or fall over a shred of orange-peel, or SALEABLE CIvilities.
are knocked down by some runaway horse, and
are assisted hy some humane members of the surWe observed the other day, in a popular maga
rounding mob into a neighboring surgery; if, in zine, an anecdote of a gentleman who, having short, in any of the thousand misfortunes which dropped a package of papers, and getting it
are daily apportioned to us, an inferior renders restored to him by a working man, who ran across
assistance to, or does some little office for, his a street for the purpose, was so shabby as merely | superior, a debt is incurred: it is a cash account: to render thanks in return. The writer seemed to creditor and debtor are the synonyma for obliger consider it necessary that the gentleman should an
and obligee : humanity, good-nature, nay, the have given at least sixpence as a remuneration for first elements of the Christian duty of man to man, this act of ordinary civility. This way of thinking are obliterated from the minds of both parties, and touches upon a feature of our age, especially as the obligation can only be discharged by treating regards metropolitan life, which is worthy of a it as so much merchandise, and paying for it. few remarks.
It would be far from difficult to construct a scale It seems now to be held as a fixed point of duty of metropolitan civilities, and to affix the orthodox amongst us, that whenever a gentleman, by choice
rates to each of the minor kindnesses ; thusor accident, receives the least civility from his inferiors, he should reward them in money. It Holding a horse for a few minutes, twopence may be something costing hardly an effort, some- if with extra politeness, fourpence.
Directions in topography, or street-seeking, with regard to its normal consequences, as the twopence—with personal attendance, threepence. A B C of a course of beggary. The tale of the
Picking up a handkerchief, one penny to boys, officer who gave one of his men a sovereign to twopence to men.
drink his health with, and was astonished to find Shutting a cab-door, to the waterman one that, in the man's anxiety to obey orders, he had penny-where does your honor want to go? drunk his health so assiduously for three or four twopence.
days, as to be brought at last to the guardroom, Assistance in case of accident-varies from six. and disgraced in his regiment, is one which is pence to a shilling;
continually enacted. The money given and re
ceived in the manner to which we are alluding, and so on. He who would be so foolhardy as to is sacred to the alchouse, and to the fellowship of refuse these regular demands, while his bravery pot-companions ; and the libations made at such a might be extolled, would incur the odium of every shrine, commenced under the sanction, authority, bystander, and might think himself fortunate if he and recommendation of the donor, are perpetuated escaped the open execrations of the disappointed by the taste and newly-acquired habits of the benefactor.
recipient, until, in too many instances, they reduce Such a state of things is very disgraceful in an him to rags, and his family to wretchedness. age calling itself an era of refinement, and turning We are here looking at the subject in a strong, up its nose at all bygone times, as if there were but in by no means a singular light. We know nothing that was good or great in them. If out-of- many who deplore the necessity they are condoor civility must have its price, let there be a tinually under, in order to avoid insult, of contriregular body of such “helps" enrolled at once ; buting to keep up a custom in direct opposition to give them a regular livery, and let each wear a their deliberaie convictions; and we believe that brazen badge, denoting his number and the regular few ordinary doings of the affluent classes are rate of payment for all sorts of civilities; and thus more injurious to the character and wholesome deliver honest men from the insult and injury of the self-esteem of the humbler classes, than when, degradation of their brotherly-kindness to the level instead of reciprocating kindness for kindness, or of, or rather to an inferiority to, the base metal expressing simply a sense of sincere obligation in with which it is bought and for which it is sold. return for a minor good office, they make un
We are continually being disgusted with appli-worthy, and, after all, inadequate returns of cations for beer, for something to drink our health, money. If brotherly-kindness be the bond of for something to grease the wheels of our gig union among men, and a series of mutual obligawith, for something to water our garden with, or to tions the links of that chain, can it be otherwise sprinkle the dusty road with. If the carpenter has than that the rude attempt to cut asunder one of done some trifling joh, when he comes to be paid, these links by the strong hand of money, will something must be given over and above his regu- injure, if not loosen the rest? The example set lar pay to wet the work with, or it is impossible by railway companies, in making a demand for that it will stand. If the dustman perforin his money by any one of their officials a sufficient arduous office, and, after relieving our dustbin of ground for his dismissal, is one which, if its prinits contents, comes up, with cindered hair and ciple were carried out in private life, would tend grimy face, to acquaint us with the fact, surely we to the complete abolition of the nuisance; but we could not deny him something to wash down the regret to add that, even at railway stations, in dust with which he is pretty nigh choked. If the spite of the urgent request that no money should sweep has been putting the chimney to rights, be offered, and the threat that its acceptance would then “ the heap of soot there was to be sure be followed, if discovered, by immediate dismisnever seed a chimbley so foul-he was always so sion, persons are yet found, on the one side, stimpettickler about them smoke jacks he knowed a ulated by a weak and foolish pride, to offer the many sweeps as 'ud smesh them all to nothing : temptation, and, on the other, sufficiently blind could oor honor give him something to oil his and unprincipled, for the sake of a few paltry husky throat with ?'
pence, to hazard the security of an otherwise The principle on which such demands are made permanant and comfortable situation. We can seems to us wholly bad. It is on this, the hydra vouch for the correctness of our assertion. whose hundred heads spring up in every possible Like some diseased atmosphere, this custom has direction, that we would animadvert. The work penetrated the remotest recesses of social life, done, of course, is worth its pay, just as much as spreading its infection on high and low, from the twenty shillings are worth a sovereign. The palace to the prison, in the streets, by the roaddemand is made for the civility with which its side, in the grand hotel, in the petty tavern, in the performance is attended-a demand, by the way, playhouse, and even inside the church-door ; and invariably greater in proportion to the civility with though now and then some ultra-reformer of a which the workman himself has been treated. commercial traveller, in a fretful letter to the Times, Such civility, we would say, is due, and ought to goes into an elaborate calculation of how much a be rendered, merely as a requirement of the social year the item of civility costs him, and denounces compact between man and man in all ranks and the whole host of waiters, and chambermaids, and spheres of life. This custom of performing work hostlers, and boots, and ostlers, and porters, in a civil manner, merely with the ultimate view spreading wild dismay throughout the hostels of to certain pence, sixpences, and shillings, must be our queendom; and though some Boanerges of a directly injurious to the workman's own character, public writer hurls his thunderbolts at the stolid lowering him in his own esteem, and derogating, head of that sluggish giant, the people ; and in no inconsiderable degree, from his respectability though some mighty preacher proclaims it, as in the estimation of his superiors. We regard it practised within consecrated walls, to be on the in its least serious light, simply as unreasonable. one side an insult, and on the other a sin, like a The matter puts on a more serious aspect when noxious weed, it only springs up the ranker, we look at it, as we have strong reason to do, whether it is cut up or cut down.
We cannot help believing that it is to the upper | dowed wretched nees;" but why say so! Why classes of society that the origin of the evil is should the gentility of very genteel benevolence be attributable; and among them, its parent may be turned from its purpose by the pasty poverty--the found in pride-We would not say an ungenerous, foul and tattered condition of the recipients !" Why but a mistaken pride, productive of an unwilling- should not wretchedness be at least, nominally, ness to receive the smallest assistance from the laid in lavender? Why cannot we have pleasant hands of an inferior, without the endeavor to return destitution ? Now rags-real working-day rags, it. How salutary a sentiment under the control flattering about unwashed flesh-are too true. of a sound judgment-how unsalutary when mis- Therefore, although we see the latters of the studirected! The error was mainly in the head. dents-although we nose them, can we not, at the The dangerous consequences of introducing a least, sink the foul, frowsy truth, in some sweet, species of moral barter were unforeseen, and no conventional lie? Yes: we will not say " Ragged definite line was drawn between good offices cost- Schools." We will amend the sinful verity, and, ing the poorer man little, and those costing him laying down a counterfeit, will call them- Acadmuch. Thus was the custom developed. How emies for Youths of Limited Circumstances." easy its conception, how rapid its growth, how Lord Ashley's friend-you, who will not subripe its maturity, when, lost to a sense of mutual scribe to the real thing ; come, pull out your purse esteem, the poor man renders, and the richer pays) to the name :fur, a civility whose venal character defiles its “Lord Ashley's friend one hundred purity, and robs it of its value !
guineas !” Thus peither is honesty nor civility suffered to And now, John Bull-you lover of a lie as the be its own reward. Well might the (I believe) thing is made respectable-as there are no“ rags,** virtuous old man in “ The Mysteries of the -canvas your friends and acquaintance; and Forest" exclaim, “ What! must I be paid for although you know that you ask for the “ Ragged doing my duty ?" Let us hope for the time when, Schools," sink the vulgar name, and beg sub under a second Lycurgan code, money will resume scriptions for the “ Youths of Limited Circumstanits proper level ; when pour l'amour de Dieu and ces."-Punch. pour l'amour d'homme, will be tenfold more constraining motives to the relative discharge of moral duties, than heaps of silver or bags of gold; the WE regret to learn, that letters from the island time when there will be no more charges for of Bourbon destroy the hope which had been “ fash," no more touching of the forelock, and entertained, as we informed our readers, of the " Please remember the boots, sir;" no more safety of M. Maizan, a young naval officer, who, money-seeking officiousness of your host's lacquey, at the close of the year 1844, undertook an exploras he tenders your hat and glove ; no more the ing expedition into Central Africa-giving the half extended hand of the pew-opener, and the certain particulars of his melancholy fate. That “ Would you like a seat nearer the desk, sir?"- gallant gentleman left Zanzibar, in April, 1815, the time-oh, Utopian dreamer ! - when he who furnished with a firman of Sultan Said for the would offer to pay by money for an act of hu- principal chiefs—who, however, are, practically. manity, performed from no mercenary motive, very independent of his authority. Having learnt would be rebuked as one who had offered an insult that a chief named Pazzy manifested hostile intento his fellow-man, and an injury to society; the tions towards him, M. Maizan remained some time time when civility shall have lost its venaliiy, and on the coast ; but, after having collected informawhen love shall be shown for love, and not love tion as to the country through which he had to for money!
pass, he ventured to proceed-making a considerable circuit, to avoid the territory of his savage
enemy. A march of twenty days brought him to THE VULGARITY OF RAGS.
the village of Daguélamohor-three days' journey At the last meeting of the Ragged School only from the coast in a direct line; and here he Union Society, Lord Ashley said—“Many per waited for his baggage, which he had confided to sons objected to these schools, on account of their an Arab servant. This servant would appear to name; and one friend of his own had told him that have been in communication with Pazzy-and if the name were changed, he would give a large informed him of the road which his master had som towards their support." Lord Ashley's friend taken; for the chief, with some men of his tribe. --whoever he may be, whether of the clergy or came suddenly upon the latter at Daguélarnohor, the laity-is a wise man; a man who knows the at the end of July, and surrounded the hut in world, and all its learned double-meanings. Why which he had taken up his abode. Having dragged
can there be a doubt of it!-if we begin to label him out, and tied him to a palisade, they cut his things with their proper names if we call " rags"throat and the articulations of his limbs, in the rags-dirt, dirt, -hypocrisy, hypocrisy--there is presence of another servant, who has since been an end of the great business of society. For, we redeemed from Pazzy by the Sultan-and has farcontend that it is the work of one moiety of the nished these details to the French consul at Zan. world to put off certain pocket-pieces, as though zibar. The last letter received by the consul from they were sterling coin ; and the other half to take M. Maizan is dated from this village of Daguélathem with a grave, smug face, as current gold; mohor; and must have been despatched but a few though occasionally each party puts his tongue in minutes before that onfortunate young gentleman his check, to show that at all events he is too clever met his death. We may mention, in this paranot to see the counterfeit that passes for sterling graph, that tidings from La Plata announce the money. Now, many people, like Lord Ashley's death of M. Aimé Bonpland, the celebrated patur friend, do not choose to have their benevolence alist, and fellow-traveller of Baron Humboldtassociated with raggedness--it is not respectable. long held prisoner by Dr. Francia in Paraguay Rags, to be sure, are the gowns of the pupils. as having taken place in Corrientes ; where, since They con their books in their " looped and win-I his release, the philosopher has resided.
From Fraser's Magazine. modern politics, they shall find it necessary to conMR. SHEIL.
tradict all their former assertions and argue against
all their former opinions. But the real orator of Every public speaker who can arrest the atten- the highest class—he who has had a nobler end in tion and act upon the feelings of an audience, is, view than forensic sophistry or mere clap-trap and in the most loose or enlarged acceptation of the cajolery-not only is admired at the time he utters term, an orator ; even in its strict and literal sense, his speech, but is remembered long after his temthe same definition would almost apply. But it is porary rivals are forgotten. His effusions are needless to remind our readers that there are read and studied as models by successive aspirants almost as many gradations of excellence included to fame ; they are admired by the poet as he in that general terın as there are in similar ones admires his Milton, his Wordsworth, or his Tenused in reference to painting, or sculpture, or nyson ; by the artist as he admires his Titian or poetry, or acting. As the circle of public intelli- his Turner ; and it is to them also that the most gence becomes expanded, by the greater spread of valuable praise of all is accorded—that of posgeneral knowledge among the people, and the terity. The practical men secure the present more universal excitement of all classes in ques-only, the men of genius enjoy both the present and tions of a political or social nature in reference to the future. legislation, the number of public speakers who Mr. Sheil is a man of genius, and, making excite attention and maintain a hold upon the feel- allowance for some defects which shall be hereings of the people, becomes almost indefinitely after adverted to, an orator of the highest order. multiplied; the intellectual quality of their Whether his speeches be read in the closet years speeches is deteriorated in proportion as their prac- after they were delivered, or whether they be tical utility is increased; and it becomes more and heard with all the advantage of that burning elomore difficult to settle the old and often-disputed quence, that brilliancy of diction, that fiery imquestion, “ What is an orator?” Several speak-petuosity of action, which have now become ers have already been included in this series, and almost associated with the name of Sheil, they are more will probably follow, whom it would have still the same powerful, beautiful, soul-stirring been absurd to place upon the list of those, so few works, still models of the finest rhetorical art. in names, but so brilliant in performances, who, by Scarcely any terms of admiration would be too the cominon consent of mankind, by the testimony strong as applied to some of his speeches, while of history and the evidence of their works, happily even those which do not rise to the highest pitch undestroyed, are recognized as being the great of excellence have, nevertheless, so decided and so masters in the art of oratory. Yet, on the other distinctive a character, that they may be at once hagd, the individuals so excluded exercise a direct known to be the production not only of a superior and powerful influence over their fellow-country- i mind, but of the particular man from whom they men scarcely paralleled, and certainly not ex- | have proceeded. The very faults of his style ceeded, by the higher order of public speakers. cease to be defects when regarded in connection Their utilitarian value fully compensates to the with the pervading tone of his mind, and the leadgeneral mind for their want of artificial enhance-ling features of his character. ment. The public, perhaps, would care little to Mr. Sheil's parliamentary reputation is now of know what were the brilliant excellencies of Mr. about fifteen years' standing. For that period he Sheil or Mr. Macaulay, or what a critical analysis has reigned without a rival as the most brilliant would discover of their defects, if the plan of the and imaginative speaker, and the most accomwriter gave them that information on the condition plished rhetorician, in the house of commons. that in the exercise of a somewhat hypercritical That assembly-heterogeneous as are the materijudgment, he left them in ignorance of the oratori- als of which it is composed-possesses a marvelcal qualifications of Lord John Russell, or Sir lous instinct in the discovery and the appreciation Robert Peel, or Mr. Cobden, or even Lord George of oratorical talent. It is their interest that they Bentinck, men with whose names the whole coun- should have among them those who can occasiontry is ringing. Yet a speech from Lord Lynd-ally charm them from the plodding realities of hurst, Lord Brougham, Mr. Sheil, Mr. Macaulay, legislation, and the dull lucubrations of the practior Mr. Disraeli, or from Mr. Fox and some of the cal men. Therefore, they are always alive to most distinguished platform speakers, wholly dif- excellence, and stamp it at once. Not very long fers not merely in the degree but also in the nature since a new member, a Mr. Cardwell, made a of its excellence from those of the more practical remarkably valuable speech on a question of a orators—they who really lead the public mind. practical nature, full of powerful reasoning, conThe one is a study for the intellect and a pleasure centration, and mastery of the facts. Till the to the imagination, for its intrinsic excellence or evening when he made that speech, he was combeauty, while the other derives its interest from paratively unknown; but he had not been on his extraneous causes, ceasing with the excitement of legs a quarter of an hour, before the unerring the hour ; such as the position of the speaker, the instinct of the house (which operates as closely nature and position of the subject he is handling, upon good business speeches as on the most eloand, generally, from the exciting political causes quent) discovered that, in his degree, he was a which every year of struggling perpetuates. But superior man, and the cheering with which he was the men of the higher order have their ultimate greeted at the close of his address was the stamp reward. The others have the applause of the they set on his ability. Sir Robert Peel was present hour alone. Their lumbering speeches among the listeners, and in a few weeks afterare duly reported in the newspapers, in their wards Mr. Cardwell became a minister. If, in inglorious rivalry which shall produce the greater these days of statistics and sophistry, a modest and number of columns of print; but after the lapse undistinguished individual was thus singled out, a of a week they are forgotten, or only remem- fortiori, it could not have been long before such an bered that they may be quoted at a future time orator as Mr. Sheil was elevated to the highest against themselves, when, in the mutations of point in the admiration of the house, at a time