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"1. Wash a piece of iodized paper with the result; while yet, by the constancy of his ex. gallo-nitrate; expose it to da vlight for a second or ertions, the invention is increasing in excellence : iwo, and then withdraw it. The paper will soon as it is now in his power to execute much more begin to darken spontaneously, and will grow beautiful things than have hitherto been atquite black.
tempted. "2. The same as before, but let the paper be in the sixth number of the “ Pencil of Nature." warmed. The blackening will be more rapid in a plate is published to show another important apconsequence of the warmth.
plication of the photographic art. This is a repe. " 3. Put a large drop of the gallo-nitrate on one lition of a sketch of * Hagar in the Desert," by part of the paper, and moisten another part of it Francesco Mola, which has been taken from a facmore sparingly, then leave it exposed to a very simile executed at Munich : hence we are furnished faint daylight; it will be found that the lesser with indubitable proof that by this means can oriquantity produces the greater effect in darkening ginal sketches of ihe old masters be illimitably malthe paper; and, in general, it will be seen that the tiplied, with a nicety of execution surpassing any most rapid darkening takes place at the moment imitative effort of the human hand. when the paper becomes nearly dry; also, if only As we have already stated, had M. Daguerte a portion of the paper is moistened, it will be ob- never effected any discovery, we should still have served that the edges or boundaries of the moist had that of Mr. Talbot. Of each of these invenened part are more acted on by the light than any |tions the comparative available utilities must not other part of the surface.
be forgotten : to the former, for his ingenious and " 4. If the paper, after being moistened with the persevering experiments, all honor is due ; and gallo-nitrate, is washed with water and dried, a also to the claims of the latter not an jota less of slight exposure to da ylight no longer suffices to pro- distinction is to be awarded. In reducing the two duce so much discoloration ; indeed, it often pro-inventions to a consideration of their ral utilities, duces none at all. But by subsequently washing the preference must be given to the Talbotype. it again with the gallo-nitrate, and warming it, The invention of Daguerre was matured at its an. the same degree of discoloration is developed as in pouncement: we hear from time to time of imthe other case (experiments 1 and 2.) The dry provements, but, on examination, these have never paper appears, therefore, to be equal or superior, added one truly useful feature to the first developin sensitiveness to the moist ; only with this differ- ment. On the other hand, the Talbotype, since it ence, that it receives a virtual instead of an actual was first made known, has, through the unremitimpression from the light, which it requires a sub-ting labors and research of its inventor, been wonsequent process to develop.”
derfully improved : we have just spoken of a most The date of the announcement of Daguerre's valuable capability--that of increasing ancient and discovery, (January, 1839,) being five vears after valuable drawings upon the material whereon thev the commencement of the labors of Mr. Talbot, were originally made, and so fitting them for the Inakes it sufficiently clear that, had Daguerre's re-portfolio. The Daguerreotype is most faithful in searches been onsuccessful, the discovery of this repeating prints, &c.; but what can be done with other branch of photography had still been secured metal plates ? The powers of the Talbotype are to the world by those of Mr. Talbot-since the in- admirably adapted to book illustration, and in this ventions are altogether independent of each other. respect they have yet to be shown; in short, the The announcements in both cases, as we have al- microscopic precision with which texture and form ready stated, were simultaneous, and it was con- are rendered by this means is not to be attained by jectured by the public, before the processes were any attempts at imitation by any manipulative preknown, that the means employed were the same: I cess, however elaborate. but, when the processes were described, their dif! Hence, as to the real utility of the two invenference was at once acknowledged. The Daguer- tions, there is no question. Mr. Talbot is still as reotype is now so well known to the public that it siduously laboring for the further perfection of the is not necessary, in reference to it, to do more invention, the advancement of which will be suffthan state a broad difference between it and the ciently seen in other works, shortly to appear, Talbotype : for the execution of portraits and pic- which are inuch superior to anything that has yet tures by the former process, plates of polished been produced. silver are used; while, in the latter, paper is employed, as may be seen in the example which accompanies this notice. The Talbotype is less ex- The Life of MARTIN LUTHER, gathered from his tensively known than the Daguerreotype, although own Writings. By M. MICHELET, Author of meriting, at least, an equal publicity : for it may the “ History of France," "The People," &e.. be considered superior to the latter' in respect of &c. Translated by G. H. SMTN, F.G.S. the material upon which the picture is cast, and The peculiar value of this work consists in the fully equal to it in power of detail. Every means fact that it is “ neither the life of Luther turned has been employed in propagating a knowledge of into an historical romance, nor history of the the Daguerreotype, and its merits have done the establishment of Lutheranism, but a biography rest. On the other hand, the Talbotype has been consisting of a series of transcripts from Luther's hitherto only circulated in private societies, and is, own revelations." With the exception of the events consequently, less generally known. We presume, of the earlier years of his life, when Luther could however, that the circulation of the very large not have been the penman, the transcriber has number of examples with which Mr. Talbot has seldom occasion to hold the pen himself. His supplied us, will have the effect of making many task has been limited to selecting, arranging and fixthousands acquainted with it who had previously ing the chronology of detached passages. Through only heard of it as one of the wonders of the out the whole work, Lother is his own spokesman age.
-Luther's life is told by Luther himself. We It is now nearly thirteen years since Mr. Talbot need not add that by an author so accomplished as commenced his labors, which he has, up to this M. Michelet, this task is admirably executed. period, prosecuted with so fortunate and happy a Protestant Churchman.
From Godey's Lady's Book. passed for a hero on account of achievements or
happy accidents of far less importance. But a CHARACTER AND OPINIONS OF THE LATE REV.
part of his self-glorification on this topic makes us SYDNEY SMITH.
smile, and we hardly know whether the wilty
canon can be in earnest or is merely playing off a BY WILLIAM KIRKLAND.
joke that may take in at least the uninitiated. He WHEN a great man is inearthed, there usually says, “ To bear patiently the reproach and poverty springs up such a crop of memoirs, eulogies, de- which it caused, and to look back and see that I famations, and what not, that it would seem as if have nothing to retract and no intemperance and the mortal seed had been committed to the ground violence to reproach myself with, is a course of only to reäppear, even in this world, in a more life which I must think to be extremely fortunate.” etherealized or intellectual form. When a con- We would gladly have been informed of the duraspicuous man dies, there is a somewhat kindred |tion of this martyrdom. We have a hint of oattendency to supply the blank he leaves in the pub- meal commons at the outset, to be sure, but we lic eye by notices and discussions of his claims to think before long the “ reproach" of being the publio attention.
associate of Brougham, Jeffrey and Macaulay, and Sydney Smith certainly was not a great man, but the “ poverty" of two guineas a page or fifty his pungent and ready wit made us ever sensible pounds an article, must have been "boiled peas of his presence, and of late his hard hiis at Ameri- in comparison with any real sacrifice. Peter can repudiation drew our attention to him pecu- Plymley's Letters, too-a pretty good sized book liarly. We had learned almost to regard him as and not particularly clerical-twenty thousand cupthe exponent of English feeling on this sore sub-ies sold!--good picking for somebody, and we ject. When he died, those Pennsylvanians whom do not believe the reverend gentleman one likely he had praised as behaving with great decorum and to let it all fall into other hands; at least his Pennrefraining from any attempt to pick English pock- sylvania groans never seemed to us quite disinets at the queen's coronation dinner, must have terested virtuous indignation. A few years after felt somewhat relieved. He threw stones with the “ poverty" complained of, and subsequent also great dexterity where the object was vulnerable, to the fall of Pennsylvania stocks, we find this vicand those who suffered from his blows suffered in tim's estate sworn under the value of seventy thousilence, forgetting, through the boldness of their sand pounds. To American perceptions, at least, assailant, that his house was of glass if they chose this is very tolerable poverty-one that would conto retaliate.
sole most men like Sydney Smith for a good deal The glory of Sydney Smith is to have set on of reproach. foot the Edinburgh Review-his shame, that after Old Lord Stowell once said to him—"Mr. Smith, having contributed to it some of the most impu- you would have been a much richer man if you dent and illiberal articles, he should have said, had joined us;" and he claims not a little merit when all was over and hot blood cold, that he saw that he did not act on the old lord's hint. We very little to alter or repent of. He who saw other know not how rich the tory clergy usually are, but people's prejudices and littlenesses so keenly, was we think most of them would be content to pass even thus lamentably blind to his own. He who from the tutorship of a juvenile member of the could rebuke with such scorching causticity what squirarchy to an estate of £70,000. he considered as pecuniary dishonesty, was capa- As to the other boast, of having no intemperance ble of dishonesty of another kind quite as disgrace- and violence to reproach himself with, we think ful to the perpetrator, and far more ruinous to the many years' enjoyment of the tithings of this sufferer.
world's fat things must have dulled the good man's That there has been a vast progress in the polit- memory, or the near approach to that other state of ical condition of Great Britain within the present being when sincerity and earnestness in religious century is undeniable. That the Edinburgh Review matters will stand us in better stead than church has advocated with steadiness and ability the lead-preferment, would have brought to his mind, with ing beneficial changes, is equally true. It is im some compunctious visitings, the many bitter things possible to assign to this or to any one cause the he had written against the Methodists. Take an precise degree of merit to which it may be entitled, instance: “ We shall use the general term Methobut from the talent with which that journal has dism to designate these particular classes of fanabeen conducted from the outset, the high place it lics”-i.e., " Arminian and Calvinistic Methodists has maintained in the literary and political world, and the Evangelical clergymen of the Church of and its large circulation, we may safely award it England"-"not troubling ourselves to point ou! the first place. This is only saying that Brougham, the finer shades and nicer discriminations of luna Jeffrey, Sydney Smith, Macaulay and their asso-cy, but treating them all as in one general conciates, have unitedly done more ihan any other set spiracy against common sense and rational orthoof men in effecting what may be termed the second dox Christianity." The class thus disposed of, it English Revolution. Some of these men have, it will be remembered, includes, among a host of emiis true, figured in parliament; but we doubt much nent persons, Wilberforce, Hannah More, Leigh whether their influence individually has been as Richmond and Lord Teignmouth. It includes great, even there, as in the Review-collectively those who built up the British and Foreign Bible we are very sure it has not. They are men of Society, and those who put down the slave trade. the closet and the pen, far more powerful in the Yet after thirty years' interval, the Reverend oyasilent page than in the animated debate, which ney Smith finds no cause to wish such things un calls for personal qualifications possessed by so few said. And again : “Not that they preach faith scholars.
without works, for if they told the people they Very properly, then, may Sydney Smith pride might rob and murder with impunity, the civil himself, as he does in the preface to his works, magistrate must be compelled to interfere"-that on having set on foot such a journal and contri-is, fear of the civil magistrate prevents the preach buted to it for so many years. Many a man has ing of robbery and murder by the Methodiste
CIVI. LIVING AGE. VOL. 1. 14
No intemperance and violence here against White-Ithat split the clouds asunder at intervals, blinding field and Wesley, who " did not run naked into the beholder so that black looks white for a while. the streets or pretend to the prophetical character He is not a little indebted to quaint and funny
and therefore were not committed to New-words, such as anserous, armigeral, mwnpsimus, gate!"
furfurous, agricolous, plumigerous—a class of adThe preaching of Whitefield and Wesley didjectives, which it would require but a schoolboy's certainly differ somewhat from that of Mr. Smith. knowledge of Latin to enlarge indefinitely. He is Two of the four sermons* he has given us with still more indebted to that entire unscrupulousness the essays are addressed to lawyers, and one to a which generally becomes the characteristic of the mayor and corporation. The occasions were what professed wit-a freedom which holds nothing sais called extraordinary, and the sermons are cer- cred, and which overleaps all the nice and delicate tainly no less so. "And behold, a certain lawyer boundaries that prevent other men of equal ability stood up and tempted him, saying," &c. From from acquiring the reputation of wit. But with all this text a sermon was preached " before the Hon. allowances he is rich in genuine fun, and holds Sir John Bayley, Knt.," and we pity Sir Jobn. some of the abuses of his country op to ridicule “ We must not forget," says the witty priest with all the hilarous abandon of a boy who has * we must not forget the question, and we must stolen a few moments in which to kick a prohibited not forget who asked the question, and we must foot-ball. He seems not so much determined to not forget who answered it, and what that answer get the laugh on his side as to enjoy it himselfwas." He must have a hard heart who does not not so desirous of making the absurdity in question sympathize with a writer who, having a reputation odious as of extracting all possible amusement out to support, is put to such shifts for sentences of it. The subjects which he handles in this temwherewith to occopy the orthodox “ just fifteen per are fair game certainly : witness "the Perseminutes." He tells the lawyers he shall address cuting Bishops" and others of like character. On them on their particular duties. Very well-all subjects which touch his kinder feelings he can be right and proper. The first paragraph contains an serious. With the Methodists he keeps nowhere appeal to thein as living flesh and blood lawyers, any terms either of justice or decency. whether they do not find their derotion interfered Mr. Smith's opposition 10 the " godly" school with, their taste for devotion lessened, their time is accounted for by the way in which, as he tells for devotion abridged. Trying questions-for the us, he formed his conceptions of true, practieal preacher himself allows, in the same paragraph, piety. We always suppose the Bible to furnish ihat "rivals are to be watched, superiors are to the means by which all men, and clergyinen in bu cultivated, connexions cherished"-evidently particular, were to be guided on this point. But the nine points of the law. But there is a lenth- ihere is, it seems, a more excellent way: " It has “ what time for the altar--what time for God?" been our good fortune to be acquainted with many Then the ** particolar duties." " The genuine and truly religious persons--and from their manly. unaffected piety of a lawyer is of great advantage rational and serious characters, our conceptions of to the general interests of religion, inasmuch as to true practical piety have been formed." These the highest meinber of that profession a great share models must have been Edinburgh reviewers. To of church patronage is entrusted." A lawyer, the same source, it is to be presumed, we are to then, ought certainly to be genuinely and unaffect- trace the morals of the reverend critic. edly pious, for-he may get to be lord chancellor! What are those morals! The morals of the The Rev. S. S. (not Sinner Saved, of leather only parson in that powerful body--the high priest breeches memory) must have his joke even in the of that despotic junto become a matter of no little pulpit. Then follow more “ particular duties" for consequence. The utilitarianism of Paley lies such of his hearers as may come to the woolsack, evidently at the root of them. Expediency he of which zeal for the church as hy law established owns, in almost all cases, for his god. Paley's is first, second and third-and, in fact, no other is white lies form, consistently, a part of the code. alloded to.
"I have always denied the authorship of the Mr. Smith does not tell us that he was the pro- Plymley Letters," &c. The Bible he seldom poser of the motto of the Edinburgh Review, but no alludes to, except to draw from it some ludicrous one construed it more strictly, as its earlier pages image ; and, in fact, we should think he had abundantly testify. Impaling of authors was a favor studied Rochefoucault much more. Like most ite sport with him, as well as with other reviewers persons of the merely practical school, he rarely of that period. They and their brethren have been ascends to principles. Gifted with keen sagacity, taught better manners since. Some of Smith's ar- he perceives that honesty is the best policy, and ticles abound in abuse and insult, and descend even advocates it because it is so, and just so far as it to the most disgusting allusions to accomplish the seems to be so, but no farther. Accordingly, like object. Even his wit would hardly make such other reasoners of that school, he stops short when coarseness taking in our day. The reviews have policy appears to stop-at the point where the doc assumed a tone more earnest and more conciliating, trine begins to affect themselves. This political recognizing the probability that an author possesses parson, therefore, argues most strenuously and human feelings, and the possibility that he may be ably for Catholic emancipation--it will be sound inclined to appease them by retaliation. Mr. policy, and it will help the established church. He Smith's wit is not of the highest order, but it is urges reform in the state with great vigor-he abundant--more like the incessant heat lightoing opposes reform in the church with at least equal of a summer evening than like the dazzling ribbons force. Humanize your game laws, amend your
poor laws, reform your house of commons, remove • These remarks do not apply in general to the volume ihe crying abuses of the state ; but lay no lands of serions published since Mr. Smith's death, of which on cathedrals-especially on that of St. Paul and the writer entertains a high opinion. He can abate nothing, however, of what he has said concerning those
diminish no church patronage, least of all, that of selected for publication by Mr. Smith himself and incor the reverend canons of that foundation. They porated by him with his essays.
Tenjoy each a sinecure of fifteen hundred or two thousand pounds per annum, but let that alone! | or resource here, and no very admirable boldAnd you, my lords bishops, beware how you ness, since some discussion of the reasons why sanction such an attempt, for your own £15,000 " Methodism” grew out-a huge scion—from the or £20,000 will be endangered by the precedent. establishment, and some suggestions as to the "I ask the Bishop of London-does he think, mode of preventing further secessions by the offer after reformers have tasted the flesh of the church, of spiritual bread rather than polished stones, that they will put up with any other diet? Does might have come very properly from a professed he forget that deans and chapters are but mock- reformer. tortle-that more delicious delicacies remain be- It is the same with East India missions. The hind!" Such are the arguments of a man who duty of Christianizing those countries is admitted, prides himself on being a reformer-an old re- but the plan adopted is bad, and the men concerned former, all his days a reformer. Reform is good are not to be trusted. Yet no other method is proso long as it kceps within proper bounds ; let it posed, and it is even said that suitable persons canpass these, and it will unsettle ihe foundations-it not be found to underti ke it. Some severe attacks will mar the superstructure of society! Is it pro- and many bitter innue niloes against the clergy of posed to abolish a church sinecure after the death the established church are found in the writings of the present incumbent? Think of the oaths of of our political reformer, but not a hint as to how the archbishops! (the coronation oath had been they shall be made better. Our conjecture that as abundantly ridiculed in the case of Catholic eman- an originator or supporter of positive measures he cipation)—think of the sanctity of private property! was held in but little esteem, is confirmed by the think of the danger of innovation ! So clamors fact that he scarce appears at all as a politician the reverend moralist who had for years been con- after his party obtained the chief power in the tending against all these bugbears, and meantime state. His vocation was gone. He was a potent reached the fat canonry of St. Paul's. “The assailant of old abuses, but not fitted to bring forhonest boldness of the Edinburgh Review," says ward and defend the new measures which the times he, "effected much;" but honesty becomes folly demanded. when it would lead to the lessening of church His views of education are marked hy sterling revenues, however enormous.
sense and judgment. His papers on the subject Time and space allow us to touch only on the deserve to be studied by every enlightened person more striking points in the character of this able in this country as well as in England. In them reviewer and most widely influential writer. No his natural acumen triumphs over all the prejuman labored more zealously or more efficiently in dices of his time and country, and they are as well the cause of Catholic emancipation, or with a more suited to the democratical side of the water as to generous and at the same time caustic warmth in the other. the defence of humanity against certain barbarities In all matters of morals and religion, Sydney in English law and English custom. His papers Smith appears to have been a good deal of a Mr. on the latter class of subjects are eminently pun- Worldly Wiseman-wise, truly, for himself and gent and striking, wbile those on the Catholic others-as regards worldly matters, but not pogquestion are equally admirable, sparkling with wit, sessing nor caring to possess other wisdom. His and, what is a popular argument is of great prac opinion of human nature was evidently low, and tical importance, level to the comprehension of he looked to low means for influencing mankind. every one. He does not, it is true, advocate He was a warm friend to the established church, measures on the highest ground, but on the ground for it made himself and many other gentlemen very best calculated to produce conviction in the minds comfortable, giving them, besides abundant means, of those whom he addresses. He was no man to rank, influence and consideration, which they throw away his pearls.
could hardly have found anywhere else. But he Sydney Smith was far from possessing a mind was apparently no warm friend to the established of the highest order. He effected much, not clergy, titled or otherwise, if we may judge from through any extraordinary reach of thought, but the innumerable slurs which he casts upon them by strong common sense, aided by a lively wit and in his writings. He allows them, to be sure, the a keen sense of the ludicrous, all directed against credit of calmness, moderation and dignity, but certaio popular errors of his day. But he was a marks them, nevertheless, as abundantly dronish, man of maxims, not of principles-one who aimed selfish and grasping. What a salire upon them is at nothing higher than people's conduct, and that contained in the following remark : “No Orthoby means of the head and not the heart.
dox clergyman can do so (open a church) without Another proof that his mind was not of a high the consent of the parson of the parish, who order is, that he was infinitely more engaged in always refuses because he does not choose to hare pulling down than in building up. He attacks his monopoly disturbed ; and refuses in parishes existing abuses with eagerness and success, but where there are not accommodations for one half eren where the occasion calls for it, (and the the persons who wish to frequent the Church of occasion does sometimes call for it,) he offers no England." Fit persons, troly, to be entrusted substitute, proposes no remedial plan. He attacks with a monopoly in such things! Though Mr. the Methodists with a virulence and vulgarity allo-Smith seems to have annexed to the term " sound gether inexcusable, and bewails their influence religion," (a favorite term with him,) only the over the middling and lower classes, but he con- idea of adherence to the established church, yet siders the case hopeless. “A man of education nobody deals the clergy harder blows. He inverts and a gentleman-cannot contend against such the rule of Mrs. Ranby, who was all sin without a artists" -" the regular clergy-are too dignified;" siogle fault; for he credits the clergy with all -but" something may be done in the way of ridi- excellence as a body, while he allows them indieale," and in allowing members of the establish- vidually no merit under heaven but decency. ment to open chapels without the consent of the Mr. Smith attributes an extraordinary efficacy rector. Education might do something, but “none to money. He speaks of “the English curse of of these things will be done." No great fertility poverty," but he certainly shows himself in this point as in many others, a true Englishman. He services. These are the very people, generally does not, indeed, say that the gift of the Holy speaking, who have honored us by visits of exGhost may be purchased with money, but he ploration, and their report has usnally been such comes as near it as anybody since the days of as would prove satisfactory at home, and furnish Simon Magus. To give one example. In the racy articles about America to such reviewers as Letters to Archdeacon Singleton, he states that he Mr. Smith. We regret that our countrymen have had found out the capital possessed by seven evinced such a sensitiveness to opinions thus cotclergymen taken promiscuously in his neighbor-cocted. hood, and he finds it to be £72,000, while the In the Council of the Beasts, (says Lessing.) average income from the livings is £400 per which met to determine their respective claims to annum. And he draws the conclusion “ from the rank and consequence, the nobler animals declared gambling propensities of human nature, and the the decision a matter of no moment, as each had irresistible tendency to hope they shall gain the its own claims, good and substantial, whether highest prizes, you tempt men into your service allowed by others or not. All acquiesced in this who keep up their credit and yours, not by your view of the matter except the ass and the ape, allowance, but by their own capital," &c. Keep- who took it much to heart that no decision was ing up the credit of the church by large fortunes ! pronounced. Americans are thought to place a high estimate on Upon the whole, we conclude Mr. Smith to money, but it may be doubted whether any clergy-have been a keen-witted and sensible worldling, man or layman among us would consider four hun- more capable of discerning the faults and absurdidred pounds a year insufficient to keep up the ties of others than desirous of correcting his own; credit of the religion founded by our Saviour and having a glimmering perception of how things his apostles. But Mr. Smith in this case only ought to be, but lacking courage to recommend echoed the sentiment of the mass of his country- unpopular means of making them such. We men. He says-" It is always considered a piece regard him as a poor teacher of morals, and of of impertinence in England if a man of less than religion no teacher at all. He pleaded the cause two or three thousand a year has any opinions at of down-trodden humanity less through sensibility all upon important subjects." True-and evi- and sympathy than through acute perception of dently no less an impertinence in Mr. Smith's eyes wrong. "He can characterize as * holy polthan in those of others of his class. Witness his troonery" an unwillingness to examine religious advocacy of the church as it is, because it attracts or political tenets, but no man shows more weakmen of wealth ; and his dread of anything ness when the temporalities of the church are approaching to an equalization of livings, because called in question. He hated the Methodists bethe average would be only £285, or $ 1400, a cause they pretended to a warmth of piety which, year! His whole argument is based upon the if sincere, must put to shame the lifeless minis supposition that riches are indispensable to the trations of the establishment, and he advocated respectability and influence of the clergy, and his the emancipation of the Catholics because it unmeasured abuse of the Methodists turns in part secured the foundations of his own church. He opon their poverty.
occupied the position of a professed servant of That Mr. Smith was no friend to the reform God, and he lived and died emphatically a man of bill we infer with confidence from the absence of this world. At another time we may attempt all allusion to it in his long gratulatory list of the some detailed examination of his writings. beneficial measures accomplished by " the talents of the good and able men' of his time. In short, he was a genuine English aristocrat, a term which
From Chambers' Journal. we use not all in an invidious sense. He was a
ARGUIN AND ITS VICTIMS. friend to the middling and lower classes, but there is nothing in his writings which would lead us to Though discovered by the Portuguese four hunthink that he regarded them as fit depositaries of dred years ago, and successively possessed by political power. He was an enemy to all oppres- them, by the Dutch, and the French, the island sion of the poor by the rich, but he had at least an of Arguin, adjacent to the western coast of Africa, equal dread of the beggar on horseback. He was, till within a few months since, a perfect terra could commend in our land of equality certain incognita to the English public. At that time cirqualities which agreed with his own natural bias cumstances of a distressing nature aroused atteneconomy, industry, common sense, enterprise--but tion to the sobject; it being reported that several he had a supreme contempt for the democratic of our countrymen were held in captivity, and character, and was never better pleased than when barbarously treated by the islanders. Among the he could find room for a fling at the Yankees, most zealous advocates for the liberation of the The aristocratic feeling of England is, in oar view, unhappy captives was Captain Grover, whose name Kill more strongly inherent in the church, the is so familiar to the public in connexion with the army and the navy, than in the hereditary wealth Bokhara victims. Through him we now learn and station of the country. Whoever belongs to some particulars respecting the island, its inhabieither of the first-mentioned classes, in a place tants, and our then suffering brethren--his infor above the rank of subalterns, has a position from mation having been collected from Mr. Northwood, which he derives a certain respectability, and by commanding the barque Margaret, who was de which he is somewhat linked to the higher classes. tained three weeks in captivity; from William All are paid " once in money and three or four Honey, who was kept eleven months a prisoner at times in hope," and the zeal of expectants is Arguin, and in a neighboring island ; and from Mr. always greater and their appreciation of the desired Vaughan, commanding the merchant brig Cotsgood more intense than those of actual possessors.
Trier.• Hence a sort of official and officious loyalty to the established institutions of the country, always the Portuguese, Dutch, and French, and finally abandoned
• Arguin, which has been successively a trading powst of observable in British clergymen and officers in both by the latter, with the view to the concentration of the