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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 116.-1 AUGUST, 1846.
From Chambers' Journal. | far more perfectly than it now exists in the lands FOUR-AND-TWENTY HOURS AT SMYRNA.* whence they brought it. Besides all this, Smyrna
Jis, as it were, the focus of the numerous branches It must be almost impossible for those who have of missionary societies in the East, and it is consenever had an opportunity of visiting eastern coun- quently inhabited by a vast number of Americans. tries, or experiencing a greater degree of summer It was my favorite plan, that we should endeavor heat than our own temperate climate can produce, to visit all the places of worship to which we could to form any idea of the marvellous brilliancy of gain access in the city ; but we were on our way those striking landscapes when the noonday sun to the Black Sea, and the steamer only remained is pouring down his full splendor upon them. It is four-and-twenty hours at Smyrna, which was unbut seldom, indeed, that persons habitually resident doubtedly too short a stay for so interesting a place, in those regions ever witness such a sight. There and rendered my project scarcely feasible. are few admirers of nature sufficiently enthusiastic We had scarcely anchored, when the fact that to brave a coup de soleil, or a brain fever, one or we had passed, within the last twelve hours, from other of which fatal consequences are too often the one quarter of the globe to another, was brought result of incautious exposure. Yet although it was with full conviction on our minds by the arrival of on one of the most sultry days in the month of sundry most Asiatic-looking figures, whose manMay that we landed at Smyrna, I think any one ners and appearance afforded a striking contrast 10 would have risked a good deal to have witnessed the Greeks of the classical island of Scio, which the scene which gradually opened upon us as we was the last place we had touched at. Although approached that interesting spot. Sky, earth, and nothing could be more picturesque than these finesea, all were bathed in one flood of light; and the looking, majestic men, with their black eyes, long full blaze of an unclouded sun at once illuminated beards, and dark olive complexions, they were and embellished the beautiful Asiatic shore and the merely “ valets de place'' come 10 offer their serpicturesque city which lay before us. Only one vices; and it seemed very strange to hear them, dark spot, which even that flaming orb could not in their flowing garments and heavy turbans, talkbrighten, gave effect to the landscape ; and this ing French, English, and Italian with the greatest was the grove of sombre cypress-trees which, ease. The process of going on shore appeared to spreading over the side of the hill almost to the us one of considerable difficulty; for the only sea-shore, marked out the Moslem cemetery. means of transporting ourselves and our luggage There are few, if any, of the eastern cities more was in boats, so extremely small and narrow, that deeply interesting than Smyrna; the very name we fancied the weight of one person would be must at once suggest its principal claim for a more sufficient to capsize them; but as there was no than ordinary share of attention ; and in fact it is alternative, we consented to embark in a slender only in reference to it, as one of the seven churches little caïque, which, though it danced on the of Asia, that the more prominent features of its pres- waves as if it had been made of India-rubber, cerent condition become so remarkable. From its tainly brought us safely to land. We had so many central position as well as from its commercial in- friends and near connexions in Smyrna, that we fluence, it is the resort of persons of every coun- scarcely felt ourselves in a strange country, as we try and denomination, besides being the resting- walked, accompanied by them, to the house of Madplace of travellers to many different quarters ; and, ame W— , whose kind hospitality was to save us in consequence of this, I believe there is no place from the miseries of a night in a soi-disant Eurowhere so many different religions are not only tol pean hotel. The streets, as in all eastern towns, erated, but firmly established and flourishing, in were dirty, dark, and narrow; but we were 100 perfect harmony with each other. Mohammedan- much delighted with the endless variety of cosism is of course the religion of the country, but tume, 10 think either of the rough stones, or of the its various sects are here more than usually dis- heat of the sun, from which we were only partially tinct. Judaism greatly prevails—the Hebrew protected by the projecting balconies and canopied population being numerous, and the members of stalls. We passed along the whole length of the ihe Armenian church scarcely less so. Then Street of Roses," scarcely finding time to ask there is the Gueber, or fire-worshipper, whose to what nation each fantastic figure belonged. adoration of the sun is at least less astonishing There was the Armenian, with his narrow, straight here than it would be in England : the Greek ; robe, and his black head-dress, which I can only the Roman Catholic ; the Nestorian ; and many describe as an enormous square cushion; the derothers, which I have neither time nor space to vish, with his blue mantle and high conical cap; enumerate; besides a considerable number of Pro- the Cossack, with a perfect mountain of fur on his testants from all parts of the globe. There are head ; and numbers of women, with their white or several European families which have become nat- black veils and huge brown cloaks. oralized at Smyrna ; and notwithstanding the lapse The house of Madame W- to which we of a generation or so, they cling with the greatest were going, was in the Quartier Franc, and, like tenacity to the manners and customs of their coun- most other good houses in that part of the town, tries, and in many instances have preserved the was surrounded by a large court, filled with trees, parity of their faith, both in doctrine and ritual, the entrance to which was by a stone passage, so
long and wide, that we fancied ourselves still in * We are indebted for this paper to the same lady who
10 the street, until the ponderous gate was closed lately graced our pages with descriptions of the Slave Market of Constantinople and the Harem of Eiredeen behind us:
of Eiredeen behind us. We were not sorry to remain quietly Pacha.
I onder shelter for several hours, till the heat had CIVI. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 13
abated; but as soon as the streets were somewhat on the other, death in its most solemn gloom and in shade, we set out to walk to the Bridge of the stillness! We determined to visit both; but we Caravans, which is the fashionable evening prome- chose first to inspect the portion devoted to the nade in Smyrna. To reach this spot, we had to trav- living; and certainly it presented life uoder a novel erse almost the whole town, in fact but a conting- aspect. Everything that retained the true " souance of ill-paved streets. It is the custom of the leur locale" was delightful, especially the portly Smyrniote ladies (rather a singular one, according |Mussulmans, seated in a circle on their rich car. to our ideas) to pass the evening in the open air, pets, smoking gravely, and emitting a short senat the doors of their houses. Amongst the higher tence once in half an hour. But amidst the crowds classes, they even have their vestibules arranged from every nation that surrounded us, there were for this purpose, with ottomans, cushions at no not a few who laid claim to being thoroughly Eaallowance, and tables loaded with sweetmeats and ropeanized ; having, in their own opinion, arrived all sorts of " fricandises ;” and really they looked at this happy consummation by caricaturing outra. so charming, as they reclined in graceful attitudes, grously the Parisian fashions of the last season laughing and talking together, in their little red just as they are apt to do in provincial towns at and gold caps, short velvet jackets, and silk petti- home; though nowhere could the glaring mixture coats, that we were quite disposed to approve of a of colors, and the indescribable hats and feathers, practice which thus enabled us to judge of the far- have looked so absurd as when contrasted with the famed beauty of the Smyrniote women ; and I native costume, and surrounded by that truly Orimust own that, except in the island of Naxos, ental scenery. We were watching a group of which I think unrivalled on this score, I have never Turks who were supping together-each one seen a greater collection of lovely faces. We partaking in turn of a greasy ball of rice, which could not, however, pay them all the attention they was administered to him by the head of the party, deserved, from the very evident necessity of taking whose green turban distinguished him as a desceticare of ourselves in the narrow streets; for the dant of the prophet-when an exclamation from Turks treated us with indifference; and I think one of our companions attracted our attention to they would really have walked over us quite coolly, a caravan that was crossing the bridge. The prorather than give themselves the trouble of making cession was headed by a litle, sober-looking donway. We had especially to keep clear of all the key, unburdened, and without saddle or bridle, magnificent Osmans and Mustaphas who came which led the way with great sagacity; and notjogging towards as, mounted on little miserable withstanding his humble appearance, we were asdonkeys, and looking most pompously ridiculous sured that, without his assistance, the drivera with their solemn faces and ponderous turbans, would have found it impossible to have induced whose weight alone would have seemed sufficient the camels to proceed. Next came a long and to have overpowered the wretched animals they almost interminable line of those huge animals, rode on. The change was delightful when we walking in single file with that slow undulating emerged from the stilling atmosphere of the town movement which is so peculiar to their species : into the lanes which led through green vineyards, they were heavily loaded, and each one was and beneath the pleasant shade of mulberry-trees mounted by his master, who guided him merely to the bridge ; nor did we find the walk too long, by the voice. The long train, with its gay eastern though the distance is considerable from the Quar- dresses, had an admirable effect as it wound under tier Franc.
the trees and across the bridge; it was altogether This much-vaunted bridge derives its pame from in perfect keeping with the landscape. We the number of caravans that hourly pass over it on watched them till the last camel, of which there their way to the interior of the country, and is were some fifteen or twenty, bad disappeared, and remarkable only from the extreme beauty of its then we also crossed the bridge, in order to explore position. It is high, long, and narrow, stretching the cemetery. over a clear and rapid stream, and surrounded on The distance was but short which separated the all sides by magnificent old trees. At a short dis- haunts of the living from the dwelling of the dead ; tance rises a green and vide-clad bill, whose sum- yet scarcely had we penetrated a few steps into mit is crowned by a ruined castle, which, though those thick shades, when we found ourselves shut picturesque, is of no great antiquity or interest. out completely from all sight or sound that told On the one side of the river--the refreshing mur- of human life, and in the very midst of that most mur of whose waters has, in this sultry land, a awful of all desolation-a solitude peopled with charm we never could imagine elsewhere--num- the ashes of those who were and are not ! Around herless little establishments have been erected, us, on every side, dark and silent, rose an intermiwhere coffee, pipes, ices, &c., are provided for the nable forest of gigantic cypress-trees, so closely promenaders, and chairs are placed under the grouped, that even the light of day could scarcely trees, that they may sit luxuriously in the shade, penetrate amongst them, and spreading on and on and partake of these refreshments; and here does in unbroken gloom, till the eye became bewildered the whole fashionable world of Smyrna congre- in attempting to limit their empire; and beneath, gate every evening, to walk and talk, to see and yet more interminable, yet more sad and silent, lay he seen. On the other side of this narrow stream, the forest of tombs, each cold white stone strangely bat a few yards distant, silent, desolate, and distinct in the surrounding darkness, and yet so shrouded in impenetrable darkness, lies a vast innumerable, so thickly strown upon the earth, Turkish burial-ground, extending much farther that a chill struck on the heart at the thought or than the eye can reach, and possessing, in the how immense was this population of the dead. highest degree, the picturesque beauty for which There was not a sound : for the summer breeze, those cemeteries have always been celebrated. It passing through the unbending branches of the was impossible for the most unimaginative mind cypresses, drew no murmur from those mourni... not to be struck with this singular sight : that trees, and the slanting rays of the setting sun, as little sparkling river, dancing on its way with, on they shot at intervals across the grases, made the the one hand, life busy, gay, and frivolous; and, turbaned monuments look, in the raint glimmering
light, like the pale phantoms of the departed, each them in Turkish; and for some time his utmost one watching over his own slumbering ashes. We eloquence was only met by the most angry refusat down among the tombs to wait the termination sals ; at last, however, they consented, with very of sunset, whose influence we felt in the deepening surly looks, to admit us, provided we would take shadows round us, though it was rarely that we off our shoes; nor would they even allow us to caught a glimpse of that fading glory, or of the substitute slippers, as is the custom at Constantinosofter light of the rising moon, whose silver cres-ple. None of the party were disposed to undergo cent, appearing among the trees, amply compen- the penance of walking in this manner up the stone sated for the entire absence of twilight. Monsieur stairs excepting myself; and I therefore entered V- read to us the inscription on one of the alone, but not until each of the Turks had separgraves near us, whose highly-gilt monument and ately knelt down to ascertain that I really had, in painted turban seemed to indicate that the dust it all sincerity, complied with their request. The contained had once been honored of men. It stated mosque was extremely large, divided into three that this son of the faithful had, throughout a long compartments, the centre of which was the most life, so perseveringly performed all the outward sacred, and separated from the others by a few acts of devotion in which the religion of the Mos- low steps. At the east end, much in the same polem consists, that he was most assuredly wander- sition as the altar in Christian churches, was a rep. ing even now with the dark-eyed houris by the resentation of the tomb of the prophet, and near io shores of that lake where lie the sparkling bowls it was a sort of pulpit, from which a portion of the filled with the water of immortality. To me, in Koran was read every day. From the vast donne. that vast abode of the dead, which in its deep still-shaped roof hung a long rope, supporting innumerness seemed so far removed from the hopes and able little glass lamps, and various strange-looking fears of human life, it was quite painful to be re- ornaments—such as ostriches' eggs, horses' tails, called by this pompous panegyric to the gross and &c.; and in the centre were inscribed the seven lowering ideas with which the Mohammedans have names of God in Turkish, Persian, and Arabic, clothed even the heaven of their dreams; for their forming a large circle of gilt letters. The floor creed does not allow the soul to disengage itself | was entirely covered with those beautiful little from the trammels of the flesh, even in their hope carpets of which even one is considered a treasure of an inmortality beyond the grave. It is a very elsewhere. A few early worshippers were scattered characteristic trait of this people, the care with here and there, bowed towards Mecca, with their which a little basin is scooped out on the stone foreheads touching the ground; and, difficult as it of every grave, to catch the rain-water, that the is to attract the attention of a Turk when engaged birds may come and drink; thus carrying out their in his devotions, my entrance roused them all. principle of universal charity even after death. They stared at me for a moment in utter amazeWe left the cemetery as soon as it was dark, pass- ment, and then simultaneously starting from their ing once more through the merry groups who were knees, crowded round me, vociferating and ever proceeding homewards, each one carrying his little throwing themselves on the ground, to ascertain if paper lantern to light his steps as he went along. I had not already desecrated their sanctuary hy
Before six o'clock the next morning we were walking as though on common ground. The all astir, anxious to accomplish what we could in mullah, through whose influence I had been admit. the short time allotted to us. We proceeded first ted, came to my assistance, and showed them that to the bazaars, in search of some of the beautiful I had left my shoes outside, upon which they reSmyrniote embroidery, which is nowhere else to be turned to their places, though with looks of great found. These bazaars are as spacious as they are discontent. I was standing near the principal door, interminable, and their shops displayed the produce which was wide open, and so large, as to afford a of every part of the globe. We entered into sev- view of the interior of the mosque from the street; eral of them, finding each furnished with its Per- at that moment a Frenchman, who was on board sian carpets, and comfortable cushions placed of the same steamer with ourselves, happening to round the wall, where we were invited to sit and pass by, saw me there, and imagined ibat any one drink coffee as long as we chose. But the most might enter at will. He therefore came up the interesting sight, where everything was new and stairs, and had advanced to the door, when he was picturesque, were the traders who had come from observed by a man, apparently belonging to the the interior of the country, and who, with their mosque, who was sweeping the carpets. I supsagalar dresses, wild gestures, and strange dialect, pose he was already exasperated at my presence ; attracted much of our attention as they stood in but he had scarcely perceived this new intruder, groups round the seats of the money changers, or than he uttered a howl of rage, and seizing a pole at the stall of the public weigher-his balance and which stood near, he ran at him with it in the weights being in constant requisition for the grains most ferocious manner. The attack was so sudden and spices which formed the principal part of their and so determined, that the poor Frenchman had merchandise.
no time to collect his ideas; he ejaculated one I was very anxious to gain admittance into a faint “ Miséricorde !" then tuinbled head-foremost mosque, which is as difficult in Smyrna as it is down the stairs, and disappeared in a whirlwind easy in Constantinople; and accordingly proceeded of dust. I soon after made my exit also, but in a to one of the largest, in hopes of being able to ef- quieter manner, and we then turned our steps in feet an entrance with the help of Monsieur V- the direction of the Jewish synagogue, which, 10 Nambers of Turks were collected on the wide my great delight, Monsieur V- had promised I steps which lead to the three principal doors, and should visit, as he was well acquainted with one round the fountains, where they performed their of the rabbins. ablations before daring to enter within the sacred The synagogue is in a crowded part of the town, precincts. As soon as we had passed the railing and so hemmed in by houses, that it is not easy to which enclosed the outer court, they hurried to distinguish its outward form ; and the more so, as wards us, with the evident intention of opposing | it is surrounded by a high wall. We were admitOur farther progress Monsieur V- addressed ted at a side door, where we waited a few minutes till Monsieur V- returned with the Rabbi which I was anxious to procure a translation, and Michaël. I do not think I ever saw a more pleas- | Monsieur V- found, after inany inquiries, that ant looking person. He wore a high black cap, there was but a single person in Smyrna to whom with a loose robe and inner garment of striped silk; I could apply for one with any chance of success. his hair, unlike the gencrality of Jews, was quite This was a venerable dervish, famed for his sanc fair, and combed back from a broad open forehead, tity and learning, who was universally resorted to and his long beard did not at all detract from his for advice, and whose wisdom and knowledge youthful appearance. His manner was full of were supposed never to be at fault. There is a quiet dignity, though perfectly unassuming, and very attractive degree of mystery connected with his voice was peculiarly sweet and low-toned. the sect of dervishes : their origin, and the exact He conducted as up the stairs, and, unlocking the nature of their peculiar tenets, are not, as far as I door, admitted us into the synagogue, with which, could learn, precisely known; but they are everyto say the truth, I was much disappointed, though where held in high estimation. The dancing and it was totally unlike any other place of worship I howling dervishes live together in monasteries, had ever seen. It was a large square room, which are in many points similar to those in Relighted by narrow windows, and surrounded by man Catholic countries; but the sage we were seats made of plain new wood; for it had only going to visit did not belong to either of those been recently built, the former building having orders, and therefore lived quite alone. Monsieur been destroyed in a late conflagration. In the V- thought it highly improbable that he would centre was a small platform, raised a few steps, consent to receive the visit of a lady-an event and enclosed by a high close railing, hung with which certainly never could have occurred in his thick curtains of crimson silk. These the rabbio life before ; but as my anxiety was principally to drew back, and we saw a small table, with a cor- obtain a translation of my letter, I was quite wil. ering also of silk, embroidered with gold, on which ling to wait till this should be accomplished. We were laid the books of the Pentateuch, and various soon reached the place, a small solitary house on parchments inscribed with Hebrew characters. At the outskirts of the town, and my companion went the upper end of the room an ample curtain con- up the narrow stair, and disappeared, leaving me, cealed some object, apparently too sacred to be ex-loo happy to escape from the borning sun, under the posed to view ; and the rabbin looked so uneasy cool matting that sheltered the terrace. In a few when we approached it, that we could not venture minutes be came back, laughing heartily, and toid even to inquire what it was. He showed us the me that the old dervish was in the highest state of garments of the high priest, which were kept in a excitement at the idea of being visited by a Eur large iron chest, and which were both magnificent pean lady, and that he would willingly translate my and curious. There was the linen ephod, the letter, if I would only come in and let bim see me. embroidered robe, the breast-plate, and the girdle Two negro slaves held up the curtain which hung --the two latter were engraved with the sacred before the door, and I entered the " sanctum" vf words. We had not time to examine many minor the wise man. It was a room of moderate size, details in the arrangement of the synagogue, but with a large recess at one end, three sides of it was altogether less interesting than I expected. which were of glass. Several steps, covered with The rabbin invited us most earnestly to go and a splendid Persian carpet, raised this part of the rest a few minutes in his abode ; and Monsieur room above the rest, and it was almost filled by a 1- persuaded us to agree to his request, as he high divan, on which the dervish was seated ja said his house was one of the most beautiful in great state. He wore the conical cap and flowing Smyrna, and well worth seeing. We had merely robes of his sect; and really his long beard, to cross the street to reach the door, and, after streaming down to his waist, and his solemn cousascending a wide stone staircase, we entered into tenance, inpressed me with a very sufficient idea a large hall paved with marble, and abundantly fur- of his vast wisdom. A large box stood beside nished with ottomans and carpets. The upper him, filled with curious old parchments; and the end of the room was entirely occupied by three divan, as well as the platform beneath, was strewed immense windows cut down to the ground, and with books of all kinds. In the lower part of the opening on a flight of white marble steps, which room there were a pomber of astronomical instruled down into one of the loveliest little gardens ments, and various extraordinary looking machines, imaginable ; the light was almost obscured by the of which I could not even divine the use. The clustering vines and thick rose-bushes; and the only other inhabitant of the room was a younger fragrance of these and other plants, the cool shade dervish, who, though seated on the same ottoman, which they produced, and, above all, the refresh- evidently felt much awed in the presence of his suing murmur of the fountains, certainly rendered perior, and sat struking his beard in silence. The this a most charming abode. The rabbin's wife, sage decidedly thought it beneath his dignity to who came in with refreshments, was a most suita- exhibit any astonishment at my appearance, and ble inhabitant for such a dwelling, for she was he returned my salutations in a most majestic manreally a beautiful woman, with all the distinguish- ner; though I was much amused at the sly glance ing features of the Jewish race. Though less he fixed on me when he thought I did not observe dignified than her husband, she seemed gentle and him. A chair was placed for me in the outer part amiable, and her dress was particularly becoming of the room, as he could not allow the infidel to -the bright green handkerchief which bound her approach nearer to him, or even to ascend the forehead showing off to great advantage her clear steps which led to his seat. After the usual comblack eyes and dark complexion. We remained plimentary speeches, coffee was brought, wbich I with them for some time. a:dafier doring the i n siva o swallow, much against my will, as terior of this family, we no longer wondered at the it was without sugar, and excessively thick. He high respect in which the Jews are held in Smyr-then took out his writing materials, which he wore. na. Wo left them at last, to pay a visit which, according to the eastern custom, in his belt, and for me at least, had no small attractions.
received my letter from the younger dervish, to I had received a letter written in Arabic, or wbom it had been transmitted by Monsieur V
with all due formality. He read it, then solemnly Ilarity he would lead us to believe that he admires, howed to me, as an indication that he understood exposes in every page the most tortuous system it; he next proceeded to take a small sheet of pa- and in every chapter plays the most eccentric per, which he laid on the palm of his hand, and tricks. Having taken some trouble to understand began to write, using a pen made of a reed. It the peculiarities of this work-full of right and seemed to me impossible to form a single letter in wrong-truth and error-correct reasoning and this position ; but in the course of a few minutes false deductions knowledge and ignorance-corhe presented me with a translation of the manu- rect feeling and false sympathies industrious rescript in Persian, Syriac, and Turkish, and the search and the most hasty and unwarranted asserwriting of each separate character was a perfect tions—we think we have got a glimpse of somemodel. This was all I required, as it was easy to thing like the condition of its author's mind. We obtain a translation from the Turkish. But the good have no desire to be in the slightest degree un. dervish seemed to think I ought now to make my- charitable ; but there are really so many intelligent self agreeable to him, and he commenced a conversa- -and, in some respects, estimable-persons doing tion through the medium of Monsieur V , who mischief to themselves, and injury to the world of acted as interpreter. First he asked me questions science and literature, by means similar to those innumerable about myself, my family, and my employed by the author of the “ Dial of the Seawhole history past and present. Having then as- sons,' that we feel ourselves called upon to cut certained that I belonged to that very distant and deep-that we may cure. barbarous island of Great Britain, he coinposedly Gifted naturally with minds above the common begged that I would give him a distinct account of order, with quick perceptions and good memory, the government, laws, religion, and institutions of the laborious routine necessary 10 subdue those that country, with which, he assured me, he was minds to thought, is intolerable to such men ; and, wholly unacquainted. My companion laughed out having heard or read of the wonders of genius, right at my look of despair at this exorbitant de self, Hattering self, looking at his own image, mand ; and as we could distinguish from the win- sees there all the phenomena which are supposed clows the steamer which was to carry me away to mark this spontaneous development of intelliwith its chimney already smoking, he pointed it gence, and so perpetrates the eccentricities beout to the dervish as a reason for terminating our lieved to constitute some of its attributes. The visit immediately. He seemed very reluctant to knowledge obtained by desultory reading—which, let me go; but I at last arose, and having made as in the case of our author, is often mistaken for him a flowery speech, which he heard most gra- research-is put forward in a garb which is offered ciously, I prepared to go out. He then turned as the easy robings of a finished thought, but with considerable energy to Monsieur V- , and which is too often the braided blouse of ignorance asked him to bid me stop one moment. I complied, and conceit. This pernicious habit ruins everyand extending one hand towards me, while he thing within its influence :-and, on both sides of raised the other to heaven, he uttered, in the most the Atlantic, the efforts of human thought are at impressive manner, what seemed to me to be a present suffering from the disease in which the short prayer, as it commenced with the words, resemblance is substituted for the reality-the “ Allah il Allah !" The younger dervish and shadow mistaken for the substance. Monsieur V- listened to it with the greatest in the book before us, we have the sciences of reverence ; and when he had concluded, my friend meteorology, astronomy and optics, united with translated it word for word to me. It was a bless- natural history and all its allied sciences, mixed ing, solemn and fervent, which he had called down into an olla podrida, with poems on the Creation upon me; beginning with saying that, infidel as I of Lighl-The Prairie-The Song of the Sea and was, he prayed of Allah to hear him in my behalf, Isles—and The Retreat of the Berinsina; the whole and, with the beautifully figurative language of flavored with the high spice of moral reflections on the East, asking that my voyage through life to external order-whilst all within is in the most adthe eternal shore might be brightened with sun. mirable confusion. If the author, and others of his shine as gay as that which now smiled on my class, could be induced to bend their minds to humble journey to my native land ; and, above all, that the themes, and carefully and minutely examine into most secret wish of my soul might be gratified. the truths which lie at their feet, they might The solemn manner in which this prayer was achieve for themselves a triumph-they would attered by the good old man made no small impres- certainly derive a pleasure-unknown to them as sion on me, and I was not sorry to carry such a yet; and escape the disappointments to which they blessing away with me, when, a few hours after, doom themselves. “ All noble growths are slow, we left Smyrna with a calm sea and a fair wind on was a truth utiered by an American philosopher. our way to the Dardanelles.
The excellent in anything can only be attained by honest zeal and careful and untiring labor. To at
tempt to reach at one stride ihe top of the hill on Dial of the Seasons; or, a Portraiture of Nature.
which rest the giants of the earth after efforts the By Thomas Fisher, of Philadelphia. Harvey
most toilsome, is a folly which certainly involves & Darton.
its own punishinent. Let us then recommend the
author of the “ Dial of the Seasons" 10 bow himThe minds of some men are most singularly self to labor; and, connecting with his most humble constituted ; and present so many seeming anoma- tasks, the highest thoughts, to train his wandering lies that it becomes impossible to measure them by mind into truth. If this be done ere he next atany scale, or to reduce them within the limits of tempts a “ Portraiture of Nature," he will not comprehensibility. Of this peculiar order is, evi- then produce a mere caricature-mistaking it for a dently, the mind of the author of the “ Dial of the true copy-as in the present volume he has done. Seasons ;" which, so far from exhibiting the regu- 1Athenaum.