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Sydney SMITH. with unmovable purpose; regard it with undistracted attention, pursue it with unwearied diligence.”
" Praying incessantly may signify, that we do “Praying incessantly may signify that you emactually embrace all fit seasons and emergent occa- brace all fit seasons for devotion; as a tree is said sions of devotion. This in moral computation to bear that fruit which it produces in the season, doth pass for continual performance : as a tree is and a man is accounted to work in that trade which said to bear that fruit which it produceth in the he exercises whenever he is called upon. Pray,' season; and a man is accounted to work in that says St. Paul, 'in every season.'" trade, which he exerciseth whenever he is called thereto. The sense is, in several precepts parallel to that in hand, plainly expressed. Pray, saith St. Paul, with all prayer and supplication.
“ Every one (saith the Psalmist) that is godly “Every one,” says the Psalmist, that is godly will pray unto thee in a time when thou mayst be will pray unto thee when thou mayest be found. found. * * * Thus, when we have received any My prayer is made unto thee in an acceptable singular blessing or notable favor from God, when time.' Thus when you have received any singuprosperous success hath attended our honest enter- lar favor or notable blessing from God, when sucprises, when we have been happily rescued from cess has attended your honest enterprises, when imminent dangers, when we have been supported you have been happily rescued from danger, when in difficulties, or relieved in wants and straits; you have been supported in any difficulty or then is it seasonable to render sacrifices of thanks- relieved in want, then it is highly seasonable to giving and praise to the God of victory, help, and render sacrifices of thanksgiving to the God of mercy ; to admire and celebrate him, who is our mercy ; to celebrate him who is our strength and strength and our deliverer, our faithful refuge in our deliverer, our faithful refuge in trouble, our trouble, our fortress and the rock of our salvation. fortress, and the rock of our salvation. To omit To omit this piece of devotion, then, is vile ingrat- devotion under such circumstances is base ingratiitude, or stupid negligence and sloth. In survey- tude or stupid sloth. In surveying the glorious ing the glorious works of nature, or the strange works of nature, or the awful events of Provievents of Providence; then is a proper occasion dence-then is a proper occasion to send up hymns suggested to send up hymns of praise to the pow- to the power, the wisdom, and the goodness of the er, the wisdom, the goodness of the world's great world's Creator and Governor." Creator and Governor.”
“ When we undertake any business of special “When you undertake any business of special moment and difficulty, then it is expedient (wisdom moment and difficulty, then is it expedient to sue prompting it) to sue for God's aid, to commit our for God's aid, to commit your affairs into his affairs into his hand, to recommend our endeavors hands, to recommend your endeavors to the blessto the blessing of him, by whose guidance all ing of Him by whose guidance all things are things are ordered, without whose concourse noth- ordered, without whose consent nothing can be ing can be effected, upon whose arbitrary disposal effected, upon whose disposal all success depends. all success dependeth. * * * When we do fall When you fall into doubt and darkness, not knowinto doubts or darknesses, (in the course either of ing what course to steer, or which way to turn, our spiritual or secular affairs,) not knowing what (and to which of you all, does not this sometimes course to steer, or which way to turn ourselves, (a happen?) then is the time also to consult the great case whích, to so blind silly creatures as we are, oracle of truth, the mighty counsellor, the Father must often happen,) then doth the time bid us to of lights, and saying with the Psalmist, Show consult the great Oracle of truth, the mighty me thy ways, oh Lord! lead me in thy truth, and Counsellor, the Father of lights, seeking resolu- teach me, for thou art the God of my salvation. tion and satisfaction, light and wisdom from him; Order my steps in thy word, and let not any iniquity saying with the Psalmist, Shew me thy ways, o have dominion over me." Lord, lead me in thy truth, and teach me ; for thou art the God of my salvation : Order my steps in thy word, and let not any iniquity have dominion over me."
" When any storm of danger blustereth about “When any storm of danger threatens, then on us, perilously threatening, or furiously assailing the wings of ardent devotion you should fly to us with mischief, (so that hardly by our own God for shelter and relief. When any strong strength or wit we can hope to evade,) then with temptation invades you, which by your own the wings of ardent devotion we should fly unto strength you cannot grapple, but are likely to sink God for shelter and for relief. * # * When also under it, then is it needful that you should seek (from ignorance or mistake, from inadvertency, from God a supply of spiritual force and the sucnegligence or rashness, from weakness, from wan- cor of Almighty grace. When from ignorance, tonness, from presumption) we have transgressed or mistake, or rashness, you have transgressed our duty, and incurred sinful guilt; then (for your duty and incurred guilt, then for turning avoiding the consequent danger and vengeance, for away vengeance and for disburthening your conunloading our consciences of the burden and dis- science, with humble confession in your mouth, comfort Thereof) with humble confession in our and serious contrition in your heart, you should mouths and serious contrition in our hearts, we apply yourself to the God of mercy; deprecating should apply ourselves to the God of mercy, dep- his wrath, and imploring pardon from him. If recating his wrath, and imploring pardon from you confess your sins, he is faithful and just to him ; remembering that promise of St. John, If forgive you your sins,' &c." we confcss our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, &c."
We again presume that the above will suffice as have been as original as an evangelical instructor, a specimen of Sydney Smith's borrowings and as he was as a political satirist ;-every man has mutilations. His discourse is not an honest digest, his gift-and it is not necessary or desirable to making the matter his own; but (in a man so able drill all the ministers of Christ into a platoon uniin composition) either sheer idle larceny, or an formity of topics or style; but the characteristics indication of consciousness that he could not write of the Gospel are unchangeable ; its essential feaon the subject to any good purpose. He is too tures must ever be kept in distinct prominence; and lazy even to take a reasonable portion of what he never must the preacher overlook man's desolate pillages; for the whole of his discourse may be and degraded condition by reason of the fall; the read in ten minutes; a very meagre repast for a work of the Holy and undivided Trinity in his congregation hungering for the bread of life. It recovery; the Father giving his Son as a ransom was evident he loved not his employment, and for lost mankind; the Son undertaking and comtook very little pains in it.
pleting the mighty task ; the Holy Spirit enlightWe leave our readers to compare these extracts ening, regenerating, and purifying the soul; justifor themselves. It will be seen that some passa- fication by faith, which receives the Redeemer, as ges which last month we said surprised us from made unto us wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, the pen of Sydney Smith-such, for instance, as and redemption; and the heavenly graces divinely that above-cited, where he speaks of the Holy implanted in the heart of the believer, and evinced, Spirit as guiding the Apostle ; and another a few as the necessary fruits of faith, in a holy and spirlines after the last extract, where he urges his itual life. Such was not the character of Sydney auditors“ Not to quench or damp any sparks Smith's preaching ; he did not recognize such of devout affection kindled by the Divine Spirit," principles, or look for such effects; and he would -are mere quotations from Barrow, and not the have scoffed at any man as a fanatic who sh suggestion of his own thoughts. We much doubt set forth the Gospel after this fashion. But if it whether in any passage the essential peculiarities be anything, it is this; if it is not “a cunningly of the doctrines of Jesus Christ were referred to devised fable," it is "the power of God unto salspontaneously and heartily by him; though he vation unto every one that believeth." There is might endure some reference to them in copying a no middle course consistent with Scripture, or the sermon, as he did in the Church Service, in con- documents of the Anglican confession; and those descension to the weakness of " fanatics."
who declare that they believe themselves moved The Sermon entitled “Upright Walking sure by the Holy Ghost to take upon them the office of Walking," from Psalm x. 9, is so notoriously one a Gospel minister, and upon that declaration are of Barrow's, and the heading is so conspicuous, admitted thereto, but when admitted become mere that it indicated a great defect of recollection in us lecturers in good morals or good manners, abuse last month that we did not recognize it at the first their trust, and are answerable for “the blood of glance. Extracts would be superfluous. It is souls." Whether Sydney Smith seriously con Barrow's, as those above mentioned are ;-not the sidered his responsibility in this awful light, and full feast of that munificent purveyor, but a few acted upon it, was a question between him and his scraps of his dainties, and the washings of his God; but his published sermons are before the dishes.
world, and we dare not assert that they bear eviHow far the same system is pursued with re-dence that such were his views; or that he had spect to other authors, or to Barrow himself, we duly weighed the solemn declaration of St. Paul, have already said that we have not examined; for “ Woe is unto me if I preach not the Gospel." to do so might require us to refer to hundreds of volumes; and with no certainty at last that we had tracked all his sources. We feel quite sure that Coal Gas LIGHTING IN CHINA.-Whether, or many passages or discourses are borrowed; they to what extent, the Chinese artificially produce have not the native turn of Sydney Smith's mind ; illuminating gas from bituminous coal we are onand in various places we seem to have reminis certain. But it is a fact that spontaneous jets of cences of having read them in substance elsewhere. gas, derived from boring into coal beds, have for We conjecture that the preacher's habit was very centuries been burning, and turned to that and much to limit the original working out and compo- other economical purposes. If the Chinese are sition of sermons, to those cases in which he had not manufacturers, they are, nevertheless, gas consome passing and favorite topic to dilate upon; and sumers and employers on a large scale ; and have to content himself in regard to the ordinary sub- evidently been so ages before the knowledge of its jects of pastoral instruction with giving to his application was acquired by Europeans. Beds of auditors what cost him least.
coal are frequently pierced by the borers for salt We survey such a volume as this with pain. water; and the inflammable gas is forced up in What might a man, gifted as Sydney Smith was, Ljets, twenty or thirty feet in height. From these have been as a preacher of Christ's holy gospel, | fountains the vapor has been conveyed to the salthad he understood and felt it in its real character ; works in pipes, and there used for the boiling and had it been the joy of his heart; and had he deter- evaporation of the salt. Other tubes convey the mined, by God's grace, not to know anything gas intended for lighting the streets, and the larger among men save Jesus Christ, and him crucified; apartments and kitchens. As there is still more setting forth his salvation as the only remedy for gas than is required, the excess is conducted bethe sins and the sorrows of a guilty world? There yond the limits of the salt-works, and there forms might have been peculiarity of manner; he might separate chimneys or columns of fire.
From the Gentleman's Magazine. are not more or less acquainted with, except, Anecdotes of Dogs. By Edward Jesse, Esq. have known had it not been extinct.
indeed, the “ Irish-Wolf-dog," and that we should 4to.
But, before we give any notices from the volume In very ancient times, we do not at present itself, we may as well mention what are the somerecollect the exact country—but there was once a what extraordinary results of a closer investigation dragon, that fell deeply in love with a very beauti- of the peculiar and individual characteristics of ful young lady, whom he had seen when he went dogs, as witnessed and recorded by persons who in disguise to her father's court, for in those early have devoted much attention to the subject, and periods of the world it did not seem unusual for who have been equally acute in their observations dragons and princesses to fall in love with one and accurate and faithful in their record. It another. Now this young lady, who was the appears, then, that there is scarcely a character daughter of the king of the country, had the mis- which it has been supposed the human being is fortune to be blind from her birth ; but, notwith- alone able to possess, but the dog can also, standing, her eyes were so bright that no one whether by imitation, by instinct, or intelligence, could possibly suspect the defect, and, so care- claim his share. fully was the secret kept by the strict command of Thus, a dog is a poulterer; he is a time keeper ; the king and queen, her august and afflicted a penny postman; à butler. He is a member of parents, that it would probably have remained the Humane Society; he is a calculator ; he
posunknown to this day, had not a favorite dog of sesses imagination ; understands hospital practice ; the princess' accidentally sitting by her on the sofa, is a goal deliverer ; a ferryman. He is one of as she was helping herself to a small plate of the detective police; a thief-catcher; he carries minced veal ;—but we are afraid that if we begin a lanthorn by night; he provides dinners; he is our history of dogs so far back, not only may the a caterer; he is a fireman ; he dislikes new marfurther details appear somewhat too redundant and ried ladies-eschews all brides ; he knocks and copious, but, besides, we shall deprive ourselves rings; he peels turnips ; he has an antipathy to of the power of mentioning the more authentic whips ; he is a hypocrite-an imposter ; he is a anecdotes given by Mr. Jesse of the canine species truly excellent person ; he likes apples; he calls in the excellent, interesting, and instructive volume Mr. Williams by his name; he detects housebefore us—for Mr. Jesse has most judiciously breakers ; he is given to melancholy; he rememmade his book a repository of facts, and has neither bers injuries; he is kind and attentive in sickness ; bewildered himself nor his readers in an endless he does not take bribes; he is an undertaker ; he maze of metaphysical speculations regarding the will not do other people's work; he comes from theory of instinct. Every additional and authen- Asia, but does not seem inclined to go back; he ticated fact is a step gained in our knowledge of never tells lies; he takes long tours; he knows the animal. We must first know what dogs do, those who are descended from the kings of Irebefore we can reason as to how they do it. It is land; he is superior to the generality of mankind; not every one who has the opportunity of gaining he dislikes parts of the morning service; he does such acquaintance with the singularities of charac- not appear to believe in a future state, &c. &c. ter here mentioned. We meet everywhere plenty Such is the result of the information in the volume of sad dogs and comical dogs; but dogs who can before us, where we find an account of twenty think, and talk, and argue, and act, like Christians species of dogs, consisting of those most remarka-these are dogs worth knowing, and a larger ble and most interesting; and we must say that acquaintance can be gained among them in this there is not a single species described in which volume than in any other we have ever met with. Mr. Jesse has not introduced some new matterBut to read it with advantage requires, we think, some additional information regarding their habits, somne preparatory education. Thus, to those of instincts, and peculiarities, which stamp an auour readers who are quite unacquainted with the thentic value on the work, and add another link to genus which is called by Linnæus“ Canis,” by the chain of science. On the very disputed subBuffon “Le Chien,” and by English naturalists, ject of the “ Irish wolf-dog” he has collected, we as Pennant, Shaw, and others, * The Dog," it think, all the information that is available ; and may be as well to describe it, or perhaps it would the result in our minds agrees with the conclusions be better to refer to the very scientific and learned of Mr. Scrope, that it is probably the same animal volumes of the authors we have mentioned ; when, as the original Highland deerhound, the dog after making themselves masters of the description described in the chase (p. 84 ;) and we reluctantly -as Ordo, Ferarum; Genus, Canis; Species, but firmly repudiate the authority of the picture Culinarius, or Turnspit—the plan we should devise we saw at Mr. Lambert's (now at Lord Derby's,) them to adopt is as follows; when they have mas- said to be taken of one of Lord Altamont's breed, tered the definitions, they should then, in order to as a resemblance of the true animal; and so we understand the internal structure, attend a few told Mr. Lambert at the time. mornings at the Hunterian Museum, where Pro Some persons have objected to the identity of fessor Owen will be happy to exhibit them speci- the Irish and Scotch dogs, on the ground that the mens of the various skeletons from that superb latter, in the few specimens still remaining, would collection ; and perhaps one or two subsequent not be able to cope with the wolf or master him. days spent attentively with Mr. Gray of the British Probably not, nor generally would a single foxMuseum in inspecting the various skins of the hound master a fox. The destruction of the wolf animals in his cases, will suffice for general purpo- was not trusted alone to the dog; he was no doubt ses; after which they will find little difficulty in pursued in Ireland and England formerly, as in becoming acquainted with specimens of the living France now, by chasseurs with guns, assisted by animals in the zoological and other collections. dogs; just as Mr. Scrope describes the system We have only to say, that this is the method we adopted in the deer-stalking. The large wolf-dogs pursued, and so successfully that there is not a would either retard, or bring the wolf to bay till single dog mentioned in Mr. Jesse's book that we the hunters came up, or follow and destroy him if
wounded ; or a couple such dogs as Bran and have elsewhere mentioned the fact of a dog, now Boska might possibly attack and overpower him ; in my possession, who undid the collar of another but no dogs could ever be employed to destroy dog chained to a kennel near him." wolves suis viribus. In the course of two or three P. 48. “ At Albany in Worcestershire, at the such deadly encounters they must be severely and seat of Admiral Maling, a dog went every day to perhaps fatally maimed, and rendered unable to do meet the mail, and brought the bag in his mouth further service; and yet writers seem to take for to the house. The dog usually received a meal of granted that the wolf-dog would destroy wolves, as meat as his reward. The servants having on one greyhounds do hares, and upon that argument day only neglected to give him his accustomed bestow on it greater size and strength than it meal, the dog, on the arrival of the next mail, probably ever had, certainly if it was the same as buried the bag, nor was it found without considthe Highland deer-hound. When we were in erable search.” Germany and Switzerland we heard many stories P. 206. “Mr. Morritt had two terriers of the of the Great St. Bernard dogs destroying wolves, pepper and mustard breed. These dogs (females) but they were too vague to be true; and we once were strongly attached to their excellent master, saw at Gex in Switzerland a dog of this breed, and he to them. They were mother and daughthat was said to be the largest dog in Europe, and ter, and each produced a litter of puppies at the for which large sums had certainly been refused, same time. Mr. Morritt was severely ill at the who we were told by the owner had killed several ; time, and confined to his bed. Fond as these dogs but we still maintain our doubts on the subject. were of their puppies, they had an equal affection The wolf is much more agile and active in its to their master; and in order to prove to him that movements than the dog, and could easily evade such was the case, they adopted the following exhim ; while he has not courage to attack an enemy pedient:—They conveyed their two litters of pupable to encounter him. This animal has indeed a pies to one place, and while one of the mothers revery strong natural antipathy to the dog ; and in the mained to suckle and take care of them, the other severe winters in Germany it comes into the villa- went into Mr. Morritt's bedroom, and continued ges and carries off all the smaller dogs it can meet there from morning until evening. When evening with, while in Russia even the large mastiffs or arrived she went and relieved the other dog, who sheep-hounds are torn to pieces by the wolves if then came into the bedroom, and remained quietly they stray too far from home. Nor could anything all night by the side of the bed ; and this they conbe gained in the breed of dogs by crossing with tinued to do day after day in succession.” the wolf; it would create a restless, cunning, half P. 210. “A few years ago a blind terrier dog ferocious, half cowardly, we may call it untama- was brought from Cashiobury Park, near Watford, ble, animal, instead of the long civilized, long at- to Windsor. On arriving at the latter place he betached, noble, courageous, gentle, and man-loving came very restless, and took the first opportunity dog. That in all our menageries and zoological of making his escape, and, blind as he was, made collections no experiments have been made on the his way back to Cashiobury, his native place." various breeds of wild dogs, such as those of P. 227. “A gentleman residing at Worcester, Andalusia, India, and the Cape, and no attempts had a favorite spaniel, which he brought with him to discover whether by domestication they would to London inside the coach. After having been in change their habits, and even fall into different town a day or two he missed the dog, and wrote varieties, we much wonder. It would be a rational to acquaint his family at Worcester with the loss, and curious inquiry, and might throw light on the He received an answer informing him that he history of the domesticated dog, and show on what need not distress himself about Rose, as she arfoundation such theories as those of Buffon and rived at Worcester five days after she had been others have been built, whether wrong or right. lost in London, but thin and sadly out of condi
Were we to extract the new and curious illus- / tion.". trations which in the work have been brought to P. 243. “ The late Duke of Argyle had a favorbear on the instincts and powers of the dog, it ite poodle, who was his constant companion. The would be to transcribe half the volume; therefore dog, on the occasion of one of the duke's journeys all we can do is to give two or three extracts, to Inverary Castle, was, by some mistake, left beand leave the rest to the reader's curiosity, which hind in London. On missing his master, the faithwill be amply gratified.
ful animal set off in search of him, and made his P. 22. “During a very severe frost and snow in way into Scotland, and was found early one mornScotland the fowls did not make their appearance ing at the gate of the castle. This anecdote is at the hour when they usually retired to roost, and related by the family, and a portrait of the dog is no one knew what had become of them. The shown.” house dog at last entered the kitchen, bearing in P. 301. “ There is a story of the Bath turnspits, his mouth a hen, apparently dead. Forcing his who were in the habit of collecting together in the way to the fire, the sagacious animal laid his abbey church of that town during divine service. charge down upon the warm hearth, and imme-' It is said—but I will not vouch for the truth of the diately set off. He soon came again with another, story-bat heating one day the word 'spit,' which which he deposited in the same place; and so con- occurred in the lesson for the day, they all ran out tinued, till the whole of the poor birds were recov- of the church in the greatest hurry, evidently asered. Wandering about the yard, the birds had sociating the word with the task they had to perbeen benumbed by the extreme cold, and had form." crowded together, when the dog, observing them, Probably some other phrases had previously effected their deliverance."
caught the attention of these canes gulæ dediti, as, P. 23. “I have been informed of two instances “Thou shalt eat it roast,” &c., or, “Not roast of dogs having slipped their collars, and put their with fire;” and perhaps these dogs did not like heads in again, of their own accord, after having the frequent repetitions of the word “concur," committed depredations during the night; and I especially as followed by “concord." However, they were evidently very clever, sensible dogs, and pidity in this, but the fact marks the limits and the knew, as well as the footmen do, the proper mo- intent of instinct in the bird ; because no animal, ment to leave the church.
no hawk, no carrion crow, nor any other enemy of And now we must reluctantly leave this enter- hers, would thus change her eggs, and she was taining and instructive volume. How far the pos- not provided by nature with a faculty to meet the session of such materials may enable us hereafter, philosophical ingenuity of man, endeavoring by by induction, to throw light on the mysterious na- these sleight-of-hand tricks to investigate the nature of animal instinct, we cannot say : probably it ture and extent of her faculties. The salmon can is altogether out of our reach, a spiritual world escape from its natural enemies, the porpoise and unknown to us, and unapproachable. There are dogfish, but cannot distinguish the artificial fly strange and singular circumstances we should not from the natural one. But this shows no want of have expected connected with it. Perhaps the sagacity in the creature; for the deception of the minds of the animal creation are constructed on artificial fly lies beyond the boundary of its natural different principles from ours, and possessed of and necessary instinct. Every animal in short is quite other means and springs of action. The gifted with an instinct sufficient to preserve itself, most wonderful powers are given to the smallest in accordance with the tenure of life given by the insects. What is a dog, or an elephant, the most Creator : but no animal can preserve itself from sagacious of the larger animals, compared to a bee, the superior power, the mechanical ingenuity, and who has solved a problem in the highest mathe- inventive skill of man. Hence we conclude, that matics without possessing a knowledge of the dif- in the animal creation, in their wild and natural ferential calculus, in order to enable her to deposit state, instinct acts by laws limited, and regular, a drop of honey in a little case? Much difficulty and sufficient for the preservation of the creature has been thrown round this inquiry from the want or its species. of precise terms to express what we really intend But ihe case is somewhat altered, and the investo signify when we speak of the faculties of ani- ligation becomes more complicated, when animals mals. Instinct, intelligence, understanding, rea- are domesticated with man, taken under his proson, are all terms with difficulty admitting strict tection, and living in his presence, and artificial definition. When we say, on witnessing some re- habits are superinduced. They then are removed markable action of an animal, “ Surely this is rea- from their natural sphere, and placed in circumson!” do we mean that same reason given to man, stances where some qualities are no longer wantwhich makes him a responsible being? If it is an- ed, and others are required. They first begin by swered, “the same in kind, but not in degree,” seeing they are under a power superior to their then it is possible that some animal may appear who own: they fear and they love; and through love has passed the limits of the ordinary faculties be- and fear they obey. Then they are naturally led stowed on his race, and, improving his reason, at to watch, to observe, to learn, and to imitate. last brings it to a comparison with man's; and Some instinctive qualities, as those of assiduity thus we should have a responsible monkey, or a and activity in procuring food, are no longer wantpoodle regulating his actions on the greatest-hap- ed, and are disused; while others are required, piness principle; an Ipswich coach-horse refusing and exercised, and improved. Their mental faculto travel on Sundays, or a Bengal tiger taking ties are enlarged and sharpened, by living with an during Lent to vegetable food. Or who is to de- intelligence, and obeying a power superior to their fine the exact limits beyond which animal reason own. The wild elephant, the wild dog, exhibit no is not to go? But if it is allowed that it is not the superior faculties whatever: these are developed same in kind, then it is not “reason;" and then by domestication and education ; but it must be rewe have to retrace our steps, and find some other marked, whenever an animal that has been tamed term. We may talk about animals possessing and instructed regains its liberty, its acquired fac“ reason," but with what astonishment and alarm ulties all cease, and it relapses into its original nashould we not really behold such a phenomenon! ture; if not, "a monkey who had seen the world," Instinct certainly appears sometimes to advance be- when he escaped from confinement, might become yond its proper boundaries, and touch upon the line the Socrates of his native forests ; introduce both of reason, but as surely it instantly recedes from it. the fine and useful arts among his brethren, and 'Ανθρώπους δ' αυ μόνους των άλλων εώων ένομίζε Ζευς. have a school of young philosophers with cheekThere are, however, one or two circumstances we pouches and prehensile iails. Again, it must be should not lose sight of in this inquiry. The ques- observed that the acquired habits of an artificial lion being, When do animals appear to show some life become hereditary; but it requires that the quality different from, and superior to, instinct, and change should be transmitted through successive which seems to form a part of the animus ration- generations before the domestication is complete ; alis? Now we think that this variation from the and then it is observed that an alteration of strucgeneral law is seldom shown in wild animals, with ture takes place, as in the goose, rabbit, &c. We the exception of the bee; nor is their instinct able should also observe that we are ignorant of the 10 expand and alter itself sufficiently to meet great degree to which the senses of animals are develand unexpected demands. Every animal is gifted oped. It is, notwithstanding various and careful with the power to endeavor to preserve itself from experiments, quite a doubtful and disputed quesits natural enemies—the antelope from the leopard, tion, whether the vulture detects its distant prey the swallow from the hawk, the flying-fish from by the sight or smell ; in fact, the experiments are the dolphin. But when, instead of meeting their contradictory ; but either the power of sight or that zatural enemies, they are opposed to the superior of smell in the bird must be developed to an excess powers and complicated artifices of man, then their we can scarely appreciate. In the same manner instinct does not proportionably advance, as reason the wolf can at a distance scent the fallen beast; would do. We call a hen stupid because, taking and the seagulls assemble rapidly in multitudes out her eggs from her nest, we put some chalk from all quarters to a single small spot where the stones in their place, on which she remains brood- retreating tide has left their proper food. This ing in perfect satisfaction. Now there is no stu- may however be accounted for, by supposing an