« VorigeDoorgaan »
that an eruption had taken place on the north side rocks, ice and snow, present themselves on erery of St. Helen ; and from the smoke that continued side, and defy the power of language fully to to issue from the chasm or crater, it was pronoun- describe them. ced to be a volcano in active operation. When So far as the face of this entire country is conthe explosion took place vast quantities of dust cerned, perhaps no other in the world presents a or ashes were thrown from the chasm, and fell in more varied or a more interesting appearance. showers for many miles distant. This mountain The climate of Oregon varies materially as you is the most regular in its form, and most beautiful proceed from the coast into the interior. To a in its appearance of all the snow-clad mountains proper understanding of the climate, it is neces of Oregon, and though on the north side of the sary to consider the winter and summer separately. Columbia, it belongs to the Cascade Range. The winds which prevail in the winter are from Mount Hood, on the south side of the Columbia, the south and east, sometimes veering to the southis more elevated than St. Helen, and presents a west. They usually commence about the first of magnificent object on which the eye can gaze with November, and continue till the first of May. out weariness, from innumerable points more than Sometimes they come on gradually, but at some one hundred and fifty miles from its base. But seasons, they burst upon the country at once, and any description of these gigantic piles of Basalt with the violence of a thunder storm. They are and snow must fall far below the reality; and it is always attended with continued falls of rain, and only necessary to gaze for one moment opon these the period of their continuance is therefore called majestic glaciers, to be impressed with the insig- the rainy season. During the rainy season there nificance of the works of art, when compared with are intervals of warm pleasant weather, which are the works of nature.
generally followed by cold chilly rains from the Passing over the Cascade Range to the eastward, south and west. In the latter part of winter there you come into another extensive valley, which are generally light falls of snow throughout the reaches to the foot of another range, which from country, though in the valleys, and particularly in its azure like appearance, is called the “Blue the Wallamette valley, it seldoms falls more than Mountains." This valley is about two hundred two or three inches deep. However, in the winmiles broad, and is called the “ middle country." ter of 1841 and '42 the snow fell in this valley A number of beautiful rivers flow through this twelve inches deep, but eight days afterwards it valley, and it is also intersected by broken ridges, bad all disappeared. which divide the numerous streams by which it is Though the winters are disagreeable on account watered. This part of the country abounds in of the chilliness of the southeast winds, and the extensive plains and “ prairie hills," but timber extreme humidity of the atmosphere, yet the cold is so very scarce, that the eye of the traveller is is very moderate, the thermometer seldom falling seldom delighted with the appearance of a tree. below freezing point. As a matter of course the ** The Blue Mountains" are steep, rocky and vol-ground is seldom frozen, and therefore ploughing .canic, and some of them are covered with perpet. may be done a great portion of the winter. Oecaal snow.
sionally, however, there is an exception to this. They ran nearly parallel with the Cascade A few days before the great fall of snow already Range, though, far to the south, branches of them mentioned, the mercury fell in some parts of the intereect with the latter range. They are about country, to fifteen degrees below zero, and it conanidway betwixt the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky tinued excessively cold for several days. The Mountains. The country east of the Blue Moun- lakes were all frozen, so that cattle and horses tains, is the third, or upper region, and extends to could pass over them on the ice, and the Columbia the eastern boundary of the Territory of Oregon. river as far down as the mouth of the Wallamette, The face of it is more varied, if possible, than it is was bridged with ice for the period of fifteen days. in that part of the country lying west of the Blue A similar circumstance occurred in the winter of Mountains, the southern part being distinguished by 1834. its steep and rugged mountains, deep and dismall In the middle region the rains are not so abunvalleys, called Holes" by the mountaineers, and dant as in the lower country; the weather is cold*wide gravelly plains.
er, and there is consequently more snow. In that The northern part is less objectionable in its portion of Oregon east of the Blue Mountains 'features; the plains being more extensive, the called the upper region, it seldoms rains except in mountains less precipitous, and the valleys not so the spring, and then the rains are not protracted. gloomy. Many portions of this upper region are Vast quantities of snow fall in this region, particvolcanic, and some of the volcanoes are in constant ularly in the mountains. This part of the terriaction. Many of the plains of this region are tory is distinguished for the extreme dryness of its covered with carbonate of soda, which, in some atmosphere, which, with the vast difference in the places, may be gathered in vast quantities, and temperature betwixt the day and night, forms its renders the soil generally unproductive. On the most peculiar trait, so far as climate is concerned. eastern limits of this region, rise in awful grandeur From suprise till noon, the mercury frequently the towering summits of the Rocky Mountains, rises from forty to sixty degrees. which have been very properly called the " back It should be observed that none of the winter bone" of North America. The highest land in of Oregon are either so stormy or so cold, but that North America is in this range, and is near the cattle, horses, sheep, &c., find ample supplies of 53d parallel of north latitude. It is called provender on the wide spread prairies, whither ** Brown's Mountain."
they are driven, to roam at large. Near this, and in a tremendous gorge of the If the winters of Oregon are rather stormy and mountains, one of the principal branches of the unpleasant, the summers are sufficiently delightColumbia takes its rise. In this region the coun- ful, to counterbalance all that is disagreeable in try presents the wildest and most terrific appear-the winters. ance.
1 In the month of March, the weather becomes Stupendous glaciers, and chaotic masses of sufficiently warm to start vegetation, so that thus
early, the prairies become beautifully green and apples, peaches, potatoes, turnips, and all other many of Flora's choicest gifts appear, to herald vegetables usually cultivated in the temperate latithe approach of summer. The summer winds are tudes, while horses, caitle, sheep, hogs, &c., from the west and north, and there is seldom any flourish and multiply beyond all parallel ; but in pleasant weather, except when these prevail. the middle and some parts of the upper region, After a long rainy winter, the people of this the climate is well adapted to all the pursuits of a country look for the healthy and exhilarating pastoral life. breeze from the bosom of the Pacific, with great! With a uniform, salubrious, and delightful clisolicitude. At length, the wished-for change takes mate, as well adapted 10 purposes of agriculture place. The howl of the storm, and the roar of as any within the same degrees of latitude in any the southern winds, are hushed to silence; the part of the world, Oregon loses much of its imhills and valleys are gently fanned by the western portance, if the fertility of the soil does not corzephyr, and the sun, pouring his floods of light respond with the nature of the climate. and heat from a cloudless sky, causes nature as by The soil of Oregon has been variously repreenchantment, to enrobe herself in all the glories sented by persons who have visited the country. of summer. The delightful weather thus ushered Some have viewed it in altogether too favorable a in, coatinues through the entire summer, with but light, while others have greatly underrated it. little deviation, and the temperature of the atmos. Some have placed it among the first in the world, pbere, particularly in the Wallamette valley, is while others have considered Oregon as a boundagreeably warm and uniform. At noon in the less desert, fit only to be the habitation of wild warmest weather the thermometer ranges at about beasts and savage men. These conflicting repre829 in the shade, but the evenings are considera- sentations doubtless have arisen from a superficial bly cooler. The coolness of the evenings doubt acquaintance with the country by the authors of less goes far to neutralize the effects of the malaria them. They have either pot stayed in the country that is exhaled through the influence of the sun, a sufficient length of time to become acquainted from the swamps and marshy places, which are with its real productiveness, or they have relied found in some parts of the country. From per- upon that information which has been artfully sonal experience, and extensive observation in designed to prevent the country from being knowli. reference to this particular, the writer is prepared The bottom lands, on each bank of the Columto express the opinion, that the climate of Oregon bia river, are subject to an annual inundation which is decidedly favorable to health. And why should is occasioned by the melting of the vast quantities it not be! The temperature, particularly in the of snow which fall on its upper branches, among lower country, is remarkably uniforın. The coun- the mountains. This flood continues through the try is not therefore subject to the evil resulting month of June and into July, so that whatever from sudden changes from extreme heat to extreme may be the richness of the land thus overflou ed, cold. The exhilarating ocean breeze, which sets but small portions of it will ever be brought wu in almost every day during the summer, contri- contribute to the support of man. There are howbotes greatly to purify the almosphere. These ever some portions which lie above high waier riccumstances, connected with the fact that there mark, and are remarkably fertile, and produce in us but little decaying vegetable matter in the coun- abundance all the grains and vegetables common Iry, and but few dead swamps and marshes to to the best parts of the country. Fort Vancouver send forth their poisonous miasma, to infect the is situated on one of these higher parts of the surrounding regions, are sufficient to show that Columbia valley, and here a farm of two thousand Oregon must be the abode of health, and that hu- acres is cultivated, and produces annually several man life is as likely to be protracted, and men to thousand bushels of grain. Here also apples, die of old age in this country, as in any other por- pears, and peaches are cultivated successfully, and tion of the world. Indeed, such is the healthiness grapes are brought to a degree of perfection. of the climate of this country, that but very few Though but few attempts have as yet been white persons have here sickened and died, since made to culiivate the uplands, or timbered lands, its firsi occupancy by such, more than thirty years yet sufficient has been done to prove that the soil ago. Yet, with these facts before them, there of these portions must be of a superior quality. are persons who are ready to publish far and near And indeed this is attested by the immense growth that the climate of Oregon, and particularly of the of the timber itself. No interior soil could send lower country, is “decidedly unhealthy. That forth those enormous trunks, which in their upthe most malignant and fatal fevers prevail," ward progress spread their magnificent branches than which no representation could be more erron- to the skies, and ofien rear their heads to the eods.
amazing height of three hundred feet. True the ague and fever, in a very modified form, Clatslop Plains, on the south side of the Columsometimes prevails in the lower country : but it is bia river, near its mouth, embracing an area of easily controlled by proper remedies, and finally about sixty square miles, are amazingly fertile, leaves the person with a vigorous, and an unim- being composed of a rich alluvial deposit, and prora pired constitution, and seldom returns the second ducing all kinds of vegetables in the greatest season. Those persons who have lived longest in abundance. The country around Puget's Sound the country, are generally the most healthy and on the north side of the river, is altogether of a vigorous ; which of itself is a sufficient proof of different character. The prairies are extensive the friendliness of the climate to the promotion of and beautiful, the scenery most delightful, but health. If there is any difference between the strictly speaking, there is no soil to the country. different portions of Oregon in regard to the The prairies are covered win shingle, or smal! bealthiness of its climate, the middle region, and stones, with scarcely any mixture of earth. In that immediately along the coast, are the most deed there are but few places on this somewha sal ibrious. The climate of the valleys of the extensive tract, where anything can be raised Wa'lamette, Cowlitz, Umpqua, and Clameth riv. Atteinpts have been made to redeein it from · Ers is well calculated for wheat, barley, oats peas, native barrenness, but as yet, all have failed
The Hudson's Bay Company transported some from blight, and as there are no insects to trouble of their surplus population at Red River, to this it, a good crop is as sure to reward the labor of region, but in consequence of the sterility of the the husbandman who sows his seed, as day and country, they soon became discouraged, and, night to continue until harvest time. This cer though contrary to the wishes of the Company, tainty of a good crop is owing as much to the they have abandoned the place and have settled nature of the climate, as to the quality of the soil. elsewhere. And yet this region bas been repre-Some other crops are not so certain. Potatoes sented as distinguished alike for the salubrity of frequently suffer from drought, as also Indian coru. its climate, and the fertility of its soil. The cli- But the soil and climate are well adapted to raisinate is indeed delightful, but the soil is exceeding melons, cucumbers, beets, cabbages, and all ingly forbidding, and can never perhaps be recov. kinds of garden vegetables. Apples, peaches, ered from its extreme barrenness.
and all kinds of fruits which abound in New York, of all the different parts of Oregon, those flourish so far as they have been cultivated, and watered by the Cowilitz and Chehalish rivers on will soon become abundant. the north side of the Columbia, and those on the The soil of the middle region differs materially south, through which the Wallamette with its from that of the low country. It bears one geonumerous tributaries and the Umpqua and Clameth eral character, and consists of a yellow sandy clay. rivers flow, are unquestionably the most fertile. It produces in great abundance a kind of bunch The valley of the Wallamette, which embraces an grass, as also a variety of small shrubbery, and area of 25,000 square miles, is undoubtedly enti- the prickly pear. It is on the almost boundless tled to the appellation of the garden of Oregon. plains of this region that the Indians raise their The close observer in travelling through this val- immense herds of horses. It is no uncommon ley will discover several kinds of soil. On the thing for one Indian to own fifteen hundred of these lower bottoms in some places is a sandy soil, in animals. Large portions of this country will adothers a kind of black marle, or loam. There is mit of being cultivated, particularly on the river but little difference in the productiveness of the “ De Chutes," the Uritalla and the Walla-Walla, two kinds. They are both the alluvial deposits of while the whole of its vast extent is most admirathe Wallamette river. On the second bouioms or bly adapted to purposes of grazing. The soil as high prairies as they are called, the soil is a dark a whole, though not of the first quality, may be Liany clay, and is as strong and fertile as the low-pronounced tolerably good. er grounds. Some yellow gravelly sand is found The upper region of Oregon is less fertile than high up the river, but this embraces but a small the middle, though there are many thousands of proportion of the valley. The ability of the soil acres in various parts of it of good arable laod. in produce is best ascertained by considering the What has often been said of Oregon as a whole, crops which are annually taken from the land. may be said in truth of a large portion of the oplinder the present system of cultivation the aver- per country, viz., that "it is an extensive barren age amount of wheat taken from the English acre, waste, capable of supporting but a very small is from twenty-five to thirty bushels. The amount number of inhabitants." of labor required to accomplish this, is compara- But this remark will only apply to the upper tively trifling. The writer has formerly resided region of this vast territory. To apply it to that in the great wheat-growing country of Genesee, part of Oregon extending from the Blue Moonin the State of New York, and understands the tajns to the Pacific Ocean, would be doing the amount of labor necessary to raise a thousand country great injustice. For instead of this being bushels of wheat in that country, and from obser- the case, it is the opinjon of those who have been xations in Oregon, he has been brought to the longest in the country, and who consequently conclusion, that it requires much less labor to raise I know best what the resources of the country are, a thousand bushels in the latter country, than it that this portion of Oregon is capable of sustaindoes in any part of Genesee Flat. The prairies ing as large a population as all of the New Engof the Wallamette and other valleys are unlike any. land States. In fact, the natural resources of this thing that can be found in any other country. country are great, and it is only necessary for They are naturally very mellow, and appear, as them to be known, to be duly appreciated. one is passing over them, as though it had been It is only necessary to present one single cir but a year or two since they were cultivated., cumstance 10 show what the country would be They are not awarded over with a thick strong capable of doing, provided it was filled with an turf, as in the western states, but they can be industrious population. It will be borne in mind easily ploughed with one good pair of horses, and that in the fall of 1813 an emigration arrived in with once ploughing are ready to receive the seed, the country numbering from eight to ten hundred and seldom fail, even with the first crop, bountiful-persons. But few of these raised anything by ly to reward the husbandman.
farming, towards their support, the first year. lo The first crop, however, is never so good as the the fall of 1814 another emigration, equal to the succeeding ones. It is not an uncommon thing former, arrived, and all those persons, numbering fur farmers, without using any extraordinary means, at least 1800, with the former population, which to take from fifty to sixty-live bushels of wheat was about equal to the two emigrations, depended from an acre, and this has been the average upon the products of 1844 for subsistence until throagh entire fields.
the harvest of 1815. Probably not more than one Doubtless, if farmers would take more pains in fourth of the entire population culiivated the land cultivating the land, they would realize much in 1814, yet they were all supported from the more from the acre than they do now; but, if they granaries of the country; fifteen thousand busbela lose anything in this respect, they gain an equiv. of wheat wrre shipped to the Russian settlements; alent in the immense number of acres which they one thousand barrels of flour were esported to the cultivate. The amount of English grain raised Sandwich Islands, and thousands of bushels re* oy the different farmers in the country varies from remained on band, before the abundant harvest of 50 to 300 acres each. As wheat never suffers 1815 was gathered in. With these facts in view, it does not require much foresight to see that Ore- lations of his roar-the poor beast has been worked gon can and will compete with any other portion and belabored more than any costermonger's of the world in supplying the islands of the Pacific, donkey. 'T will not surprise me, soon, to see the the Rassian settlements, and every other flour British Lion advertised as peculiarly fitted for the market contiguous, with bread stuffs at as low a most timid lady.' Certainly, timid gentlemen, rate as can reasonably be desired. In connection who might pass for ladies, have of late ridden him with this it may be remarked that pork and beef, hard enough. I much question whether the Chile of an excellent quality, can be raised in this coun- ling Smiths, the Sibthorpes, and the Plumptis, try with greater ease and facility even than wheat. are not-for their sharp taskwork inflicted on And the climate being favorable for curing them, the British Lion-obnoxious to an information the time is not far distant, when these articles will for cruelty to animals. However, to my own also be exported in abundance.
case. Already there are many settlers in the country 1 “I am a modest brute ; so modest, that I have who have from two hundred to five hundred head suffered all sorts of scholars and philosophersof cattle, and it is not an uncommon thing for a men who take the universe to bits and put it man to be the owner of one hundred hogs. At together again, like a child's puzzle-to question present, however, from the great influx of popu- even my existence. By some I have been called lation, these kinds of property bear a high price in the Indian ass; by others the rhinoceros; and all the country, but the time may be anticipated when these presumptuous men have flaily denied my the home market will not be so extensive, and the right to the graceful form made familiar by the vast supplies from this quarter must find an outlet. royal arms to every true-born Briton. But, sir,
As in many portions of the country, spruce, fir patience has its limits. Trodden worms will and pine timber abound, and as there are many turn ; and it will be found outraged unicorns water-falls, which afford excellent hydraulic privi- will gore. leges, the facilities for procuring timber in the “Nevertheless, for myself, I could still endure country are abundant. Already considerable quan- the contempt and slander of the world with perfect tities of lumber are exported annually. It should indifference. Yes, sir: I could hear my comalso be observed that salmon in any quantity, and panion, the British Lion, praised for his courage, of the very best quality, may be yearly barrelled, his magnaniinity, an very other after-dinner virwhich, with the products of dairies, that the coun- tue-(though, between ourselves, I have known try offers the greatest facilities for conducting, in him guilty of certain rogueries and fooleries more addition to what has already been said concerning worthy of the British fox and the British goose ; the products of the country, is sufficient to show only lions, by virtue of their claws, are privileged
the exports of Oregon, in proportion 10 the as occasional knaves and simpletons)-I say, I number of its inhabitants, may equal those of most could, unmoved, listen to his praises—unmoved as other countries.
one opera-singer hears ihe applauding fame of There are but few countries in which a poor another, (my frequent position over the proscenium man can place himself above want, with greater has familiarized me with all play-house virtues,) facility than in this. This is the testimony of were I alone concerned. But, sir, consider; if I erery one that settles in the country. But every am called a fabulous beast, a fictitious nonentity, a country has its defects, and this certainly is not thing that never had a place in the ark, what a free from them.
rebellious insult is thereby cast upon the Royal It is not the garden of Eden, nor is it a barren Escutcheon! The Lion is a terrible verity, says desert. It does not " flow with honey" like the the world, and with his truthful strength, his land of Canaan, but in some places it literally awful looks, supports and watches the Royal abounds in milk. And though it is not “a land Shield; but the Unicorn is a nondescript nincomof wine," yet in the more necessary articles of poop: a fib upon four legs : at the very best, a "corn and oil" it greatly abounds.
horned flam! Now, I ask it, is not this opinion Though gold and silver are not yet found in the treasonous ? Does it not make the Royal Arms rich veins of the earth, nor in great abundance in lopsided? On the right they are supported by many coffers, yet a competency of whatever is leonine power; on the left by a worse than necessary, is always awarded to industry and nothing-by a fiction ! Now, sir, will you urge economy.
Lord George Bentinck to move for a committee to That it is a land of mountains and valleys, of inquire into the truth of the existence of the Britrivers and streams, of mighty forests and extended | ish Unicorn? I suggest Lord George, because, as prairies, of a salubrious climate, and a rich and I am more than half equine, the inquiry could be fertile soil, the foregoing remarks will sufficiently best carried out by his stable mind. Did I really show. And in somming up the character of the feel myself the ass that some naturalists have writcountry, it may be said to be not the best country ten me down, I could name other honorable memin the world, but it is well entitled to be called a bers of the honorable house as being peculiarly good country.
fitted for the investigation.
"And in the mean time, Mr. Punch, do think of THE BRITISH UNICORN.
me. Let me not suffer for my long endurance. "Mr. Pusch,
Folks must be tired of the roar of the British Lion ; * You have made my companion, the British therefore, do now and then say something about Lion, very popular ; can you do nothing for me? the honor of the British Unicorn. For I put it to Understand, I shall be well content with half the you, whether it is not too bad that I shonld bear notoriety you have bestowed upon iny leonine half the weight of the Royal Shield, and the Lion friend ; for certainly, since you have signalized monopolize all the glory? Besides, the British him by your notice-since you have drawn him Lion, for a time at least, has had his day; therefrom the obscurity of the National Arms, and dis- fore, do justice to his long-silent and long-suffercussed the length of his mane and tail, the sharp- ing companion, Dess of his teeth and claws, and the various modu-1
"The British UnicoRN."
SYDNEY SMITH A PLAGIARIST.
pernicious principles, upon which the work is
based, before it comes generally into circulation. [In order to show that the sincere scorn and horror, There was, however, one point upon which we with which this most original wit regarded repudiation, did not touch, and which we had no right even to was consistent with something like it in his own practice, hint at, unless we were prepared to verify any wc copy the conclusion of a review by the Christian remark which we might let fall; namely, how far Observer, showing, first, that he could appropriate the Sydney Smith-most original as Peter Plymley writings of other men without acknowledgment—and and an Edinburgh Reviewer—was also original as secondly, and this is more important, that he held a high a writer of discourses for the pulpit. and lucrative office in a church whose doctrines he did. In the year 1843, the conductors of the Times not believe. The first fault we could readily forgive, as Newspaper recommended our reverend author to he did better than preach his own sermons; but Sir publish a volume of his sermons. They were not Roger de Coverley would not have excused the other.] aware that the facetious canon did perpetrate that
enormity in the year 1809; and we took occasion Sydney Smith again! Yes, we have not (Christ. Observ. 1843, p. 800) to furnish from our quite done with him. In our last number we took review of the old discourses some anticipations up his posthumous serions wet from the press ; of what the new ones suggested by the Times and as we did not suppose that our readers would might be likely to contain ; and the prediction has anxiously wish to possess themselves of the book, been fulfilled ; as for instance, in regard to his we thought we should meet their convenience, and constant ravings against “ enthusiasm" as the perhaps sufficiently satisfy their curiosity, by a great vice of the age; his dread of being “ rightselection of extracts. It seemed also desirable to eous over much ; and what we called his ne quid provide a caution against the always defective, nimis advice, of which we will lay side by side and often grossly erroneous, doctrines and the two specimens from the volumes of 1809 and 1846.
1816. “ Those who have not strength of character to “Do not wage war against the innocent pleadeviate materially from the customs of the world in sures of life; give way a little more than your strict the patronage of folly, and estimation of vice, judgment may approve, rather than alarm others need not go all lengths ; some scanty limits, some by an air of austerity and needless denial; and feeble shame they may still preserve.”
above all things do not fall into the fatal mistake of attempting to rack the human mind to too high a pitch of enthusiasm, and to make men occupy themselves more with sacred things than the nature of the mind will admit of, or the condition of human life allow."
This is a singular specimen of ne-quid-nimis per: unless at least he had been more careful in advice. He would not have persons either too his selections than his friend has been for him. good or too bad. He is far from being so harsh It is not necessary that we should here discuss as to require the ungodly “ to deviate materially” the question, under what circumstances, and to from their vain and vicious customs, or “ to keep what extent, it is desirable or lawful for a clergythemselves unspotted froin the world ;' but“ they man to copy, adapt, digest, or abridge, the writings need not go all lengths" in wickedness ; they of other divines in the composition of his discourses should retain some regard to respectability of for the pulpit. But there can be no doubt that character. On the other hand, he would not have adequate care should be taken not to put into print the godly too zealously occupied “ with sacred after his death, as his own, what was not so ; and things," but would that they should be decently in the case of Sydney Smith, whose celebrity as “ conformed to this world," and even "give way an author, and in former days as a preacher, was a little more than their strict judgment may ap- very great, his hearers or readers would scarcely
suspect that his discourses from the pulpit were In the critique in 1809 our reviewer showed that not his own productions, as much as the Peter Sydney Smith had imitated some peculiarities in Plymley Letters ; and would feel, when the subthe style of Jeremy Taylor ; and expressed a sus-stitution was discovered, that their credulity had picion that he had “ dipped deeply into a little been practised upon ;--and what is more painful. volume of Selections from the Works of Taylor, that much which raised the writer in their estimaHooker, Hall, and Bacon, by Basil Montague ;' tion as a divine and a Christian, was not his rightand in writing the paper last month, some of the rul property. titles and contents of the sermons sounded to us. We confessed ourselves last month very much rather familiarly ; but it did not occur to us, pen- puzzled in reading these discourses, on account of ning our first thoughts as we cut open the fresh their manifest inequality, not to say inconsistency, pages, to look into the matter. It is due, how- in doctrinal and practical statements. Our readers ever, to our readers and the public, that we shonld must bave thought that we wrote in a vague and not pass it over; and the editor of this posthumous vacillating manner, as in truth we did; for somevolume will doubtless be vexed with himself for times we described him as saying nothing but having ushered into the world, as the original what an Arian, and, we might add, a Socinian, compositions of his friend, much that is borrowed ; might have penned, degrading Christianity into -how much, we have not ascertained ; having only mere practical good sense in attending to the excompared a few of the sermons with those of Dr. ternal social duties of life; and writing as though Barrow : though, from internal evidence, we sus all the doctrines of the Gospel were despicable pect that the larceny is very extensive, and from cant; yet at others putting forib sentiments which several authors. Sydney Smith acted prudently embodied many of its essential principles. The in not following the advice of the Times Newspa- linconsistency was not ours, but the author's ; who,