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From Chambers' Journal. In Holland some forgeries were printed as the LITERARY IMPOSITIONS.
" Private Letters" of Voltaire, which induced him
to parody an old epigram :Tax Count Mariano Alberti sold to a bookseller
Lo! then exposed to public sight, at Ancona several unedited manuscripts of Tasso, some of which he interpolated, and others forged.
My private letters see the light; In 1837, he declared himself in possession of two
So private, that none ever read 'em, till then unknown poems in Tasso's hand-writing;
Save they who printed, and who made 'em. afterwards he produced four other autographs ;l Steevens says, that “not the smallest part of and then a volume containing thirty-seven poems, the work called Cibber's Lives of the Poets' was which he offered for sale to the Duke of Tuscany, the composition of Cibber, being entirely written whose agents, however, declared them to be spu- by Mr. Shiells, amanuensis to Dr. Johnson, when rious and modern. He then produced a file of his Dictionary was preparing for the press. T. Tasso's letters, which were regarded as genuine ; Cibber was in the King's Bench, and accepted of till, in 1841, when, on his property being seques- ten guineas from the booksellers for leave to prefix tered, the whole affair proved a tissue of almost his name to the work; and it was purposely so unexampled forgery.
prefixed, as to leave the reader in doubt whether The literary world is now very generally of the himself or his father was the person designed.” belief that that very beautiful poem, John Chalk- William Henry Ireland having exercised his hill's Thealma and Clearchus, first published by ingenuity with some success in the imitation of Isaac Walton, (1683,) was actually the production ancient writing, passed off some forged papers as of that honest angler.
the genuine manuscripts of Shakspeare. Some The copies of the “ English Mercurie" (regard of the many persons who were deceived by the ed as the earliest English newspaper) in the Bril- imposition, subscribed sums of money to defray ish Museum, have been discovered to be forgeries, the publication of these spurious documents, which and Chatterton is supposed to have been concerned were accordingly issued in a handsome folio volin their fabrication.
ume. But when Ireland's play of " Vortigern" At least a hundred volumes or pamphlets, be- was performed at Drury Lane as the work of sides innumerable essays and letters in magazines Shakspeare, the audience quickly discerned the or newspapers, have been written with a view to cheat; and soon afterwards the clever imposter dispel the mystery in which for eighty years the published his “ Confessions," acknowledging himauthorship of Junius' Letters has been involved. self to be the sole author and writer of these These political letters, so remarkable for the com- ancient-looking manuscripts. . bination of keen severity with a polished and Poor young Chatterton's forgery of the poems brilliant style, were contributed to the “Public of Rowley, a priest of the fifteenth century, is Advertiser," during three years, under the signa- one of the most celebrated literary impositions on ture of Junius, the actual name of the writer being record. Horace Walpole, in a letter written in a secret even to the publisher of that paper. They 1777, says, “ Change the old words for modern, have been fathered upon Earl Temple, Lord Sack- and the whole construction is of yesterday; but I ville, Sir Philip Francis, and fifty other distin- have no objection to anybody believing what he guished characters. Al present, an attempt is pleases; I think poor Chatterton was an astonishagain being made to prove them the productions ing genius." of Mr. Lauchan Maclean; but we need scarcely In all probability the exact nature of Macpherwish for anything like a positive or convincing son's connection with what are called “Ossian's result.
Poems" will never be known. Although snatches Some time before his death, Voltaire showed a of these poems, and of others like them, are proved perfect indifference for his own works; they were to have existed from old times in the Highlands, continually reprinting, without his being ever ac- there is no proof that the whole existed. Macquainted with it. If an edition of the “ Heuriade," pherson left what he called the original Gaelic or his tragedies, or his historical or fugitive pieces poems to be published after his deaih; “but," was nearly sold off, another was instantly pro- says Mr. Carruthers, " they proved to be an exact duced. He requested them not to print so many counterpart of those in English, although in one They persisted, and reprinted them in a hurry of the earlier Ossian publications, he had acknowlwithout consulting him; and, what is almost in-edged taking liberties in the translations. Nothing credible, yet true, they printed a magnificent more seems to be necessary to settle that the book quarto edition at Geneva without his seeing a sin- must be regarded as to some unknown extent a gle page ; in which they inserted a number of modern production, founded upon, and imitative of, pieces not written by him, the real authors of certain ancient poems; and this seems to be nearly which were well known. His remark upon this the decision at which the judgment of the unprejuoccasion is very striking-" I look upon myself as diced public has arrived." a dead man, whose effects are upon sale.” The A species of literary imposition has become mayor of Lausanne having established a press, common latterly, namely, placing the name of pablished in that town an edition called complete, some distinguished man on the title-page as editor with the word London on the title-page, containing of a work the author of which is not mentioned, a great number of dull and contemptible little because obscure. This system, done with a view pieces in prose and verse, transplanted from the to allure buyers, is unjust towards the concealed works of Madame Oudot, the “Almanacs of the author, if the work really merit the support of an Muses," the “ Portfolio Recovered," and other eminent editor, for it is denying a man the fair literary trash, of which the twenty-third volume fame that he ought to receive ; and if the work contains the greatest abundance. Yet the editors be bad, the public is cheated by the distinguished had the effrontery to proclaim on the title-page name put forth as editor and guarantee of its that the book was wholly revised and corrected by merits. Still, however, the tardiness of the peothe author, who had not seen a single page of it. ple themselves in encouraging new and unknown writers of merit, is the reason why publishers te on either side, with the crowd of examiners be sort to this trick to insure a sale and profit. [tween.
Several ingenious deceptions have been played Every nation has its representatives in both the off upon geologists and antiquaries. Some youths, sexes-not easily distinguished in the women for desirous of amusing themselves at the expense of their common dress; still, there is no mistaking Father Kircher, engraved several fantastic figures the red faces and long necks, albeit sometimes upon a stone, which they afterwards buried in a pretty blue eyes, of the English women; the easy, place where a house was about to be built. The inviting, at home manner of the French; the dark, workmen having picked up the stone while dig- passionate glances of the Italian women; the modging the foundation, handed it over to the learned est, curious, perhaps somewhat vain air of the Kircher, who was quite delighted with it, and be- Americans-not enough, however, to make a class ; stowed much labor and research in explaining the the broad faces, soft skins, laughter-loving eyes Imeaning of the extraordinary figures upon it. of the Germans, and the indescribable high contour The success of this trick induced a young man at of the Russian faces. Among the men, the peaked Wurzburg, of the name of Rodrick, to practise a collars and trimmed whiskers and neat cravat, and inore serious deception upon Professor Berenger, stiff hair, pointed out unmistakably English blood : at the commencement of the last century. Rod- there were besides, German beards and cropped rick cut a great number of stones into the shape of heads, and Italian sleekness covering dirtiness, and different kinds of animals and monstrous forms, greasy hair, and black moustaches and the easy, such as bats with the heads and wings of butter- familiar air of the French in his broad-bottomed flies, flying frogs and crabs, with Hebrew charac- pantaloons, and waistcoat reaching to his thigbs; ters here and there discernible about the surface. and the stiff, heavy moustache of the Russian, and These fabrications were gladly purchased by the the court coat of Austria, and the uniform of Sarprofessor, who encouraged the search for more. dinia, and the red coat of Indian captaincy, aod A new supply was accordingly prepared, and boys the grey hood of Carmelites, and the red frocks were employed to take them to the professor, pre- of neophytes, and the shaved pates of scores of tending that they had just found them near the men in orders, and the crosses of men of honor, village of Eibelstadt, and charging him dearly for and the ribbons of princes, and the republican air the time which they alleged they had employed in of Americans, and the rich dresses of diplomacollecting them. Having expressed a desire to tists, and the splendid uniform of the Guard Novisit the place where these wonders had been bile, and the quaint Swiss men with their halberds found, the boys conducted him to a locality where and striped doublets, and over the railing, as the they had previously buried a number of specimens. cortege entered, came in more robes of cardinals At last, when he had formed an ample collection, and prelates and senators than could be rememhe published a folio volume, containing twenty-bered. eight plates, with a Latin text explanatory of In the boxes royal appeared presently the Rusthem, dedicating the volume to the Prince-Bishop sian phalanx, cscort of the sister of the empress, of Wurzburg. The opinions expressed in this with her family-their uniforms rich as possible : book, and the strange manner in which they are the son a lout of a boy in martial dress, the mother defended, render it a curious evidence of the ex. a weak-looking old woman, the daughter fair travagant credulity and folly of its author, who enough for a pretty girl, if she had not been a meant to follow it up with other publications ; but princess. They acted very much like other peobeing apprized by M. Deckard, a brother professor, ple, which is somewhat strange considering they of the hoax that had been practised, the deluded formed the focus for the direction of more than five author became most anxious to recall his work. thousand pairs of eyes. It is therefore very rare, being only met with in Al length the pilgrims to be washed came the libraries of the curious ; and the copies which marching in, in paste board caps and white frocks, the publisher sold after the author's death, have a of all colors, and speaking all languages, and all new title-page in lieu of the absurd allegorical one seeming curious in their strange position of being which originally belonged to them.
served by one whose toe they kissed on other days, and who rode on occasions in a carriage of gold, while they walked over Europe staff in hand, in
an oil-skin cap cape, and with shells pinned to the From the Commercial Advertiser corners. After them came the pope, wiib five or THE MISERERE.
six to bear up his robe, and sat himself on a throne ;
and afterward, with his attendants still about him,
Rome, May, 1846. marched toward the pilgrims and stooping with a THURSDAY, April 9th, was a great day for cere- towel he wiped their feet, that had been dipped in monies at Rome. The pope attends mass in the the water of a silver basin, carried by an attendmorning, in the chapel of St. Peter's; thence he ant. Meantime the choir are chanting--the pope's passes to the balcony above the middle door of the choir-and in a way no other choir can chapt. church, and gives his benediction to the kneeling "The crowd drift out and up to secure places for thousands in the piazza. Afterwards he returns to seeing the ceremony of the ** tavola" above. In the church to perform the ceremony of washing it I go, nolens rolens, through church and corndor, the feet of the thirteen pilgrims of every nation. and up the stairs regal, and into the ante-chamber Meantime the whole church has been filling. The of the Chapel Paolina, where a line of soldien guards in double file have kept out of the north three deep keep off the multitude, admitting the transept all not habited in black. The seats on papal costume and the billeted only, through the either side are filled with ladies, with black veils narrow pass-way formed by soldiers of the guard. over their heads, not enough obscured, however, The hall of the table gained, all is a jam. Ladies to forbid being seen, and if they had been arranged that have sat for three hours alone have a chance like the Greek slaves, for inspection, no order of seeing the ceremony, and the push from church would have been filter--ranged rank above raok 10 tavola is an exercise of muscular strength which none but an English woman should hazard. The commemorates the death of Christ. Long time table is adorned as one should be which is served prolonged, the wail died not wholly, but just as it by popes, and the pilgrims eat as hungry men seemed expiring was caught up by another stronger should eat, who pay nothing for their dinner voice, which carried it on and on, plaintive as ever but the price of being looked at. The ladies look -nur stopped with him, for, just as you looked as ladies should look at what has cost them three for silence, three voices more began the lament, Jong hours of waiting, and what will serve for sweet, touching, mournful, and bore it up to a full chat in Italian, in French, in German, and in cry, when the whole choir caught it and changed broad English, perhaps beside some New England it into the wailings of a multitude-wild, shrill, fireside.
hoarse-by turns a swift chant intervening, as if The whole world throng into the Vatican after, despair had given force to anguish-again, sweetly, for all the galleries are open. To-day they are the slowly, step by step, voice by voice, note by note, more curious idlers, and the Laocoon and Apollo falling into the moan of one low strain, tremulous, are passed by for the lion in breccia and the crab faltering, as if tears checked the utterance-inin basalt. Even Raphael suffers under the indis- creasing, as if grief that would not he comforted crimination, and the fire of his burning city blazes sustained it. unheeded.
I shut my eyes, to enter more fully into the Tired with the hurried views that the crowd im- spirit of the scene and of the ceremony. I thought poses, and after giving my final looks at the mas- of the hours of agony, of the darkness, of the terpieces of sculpture, and lounging my leave laments of the beloved of Christ. I know not how taking in the room of the priceless pictures, I long I had indulged thus in the reveries of thought, went into one of the litile, dirty cafés adjoining but as I opened my eyes, the last sad wail was the piazza of St. Peter's, for a dish of coffee to finished-the candles were all gone out the twisustain the energies which even pompous proces- light had passed, and the grey dimness of night sions of papal magnificence and pictures of world- stole in at the windows, making the figures of Anwide reputation failed to keep up.
gelo's fresco seem the gaunt phantoms of a dream; Afterward came the gathering for the miserere the cardinals were rising, the crowd was bustling of the Sistine Chapel. The soldiers were at the to the door, and another day of the ceremonies of foot of the Scala Regia, and forbade admission. the Holy Week was ended.
Don. Hven stars and garters, and livried footmen, were jammed among us in the bustle of the throng. At!
THE WEST AND THE EAST. length, when patience was well nigh expired, the line opened, and there was a push up.Already ! Among the items of news brought by the last many seats were filled by those who had had the British steamship, was an announcement that Mr. hardihood to wait five hours. The rest were filled Rawlings of New York, had arrived in London, in half an hour, and after came another long hour for the purpose of establishing there an agency for of expectation.
the sale of nine hundred thousand acres of land, a Some study the fresco of the Judgment, or the great portion of which was located in Western figures of the ceiling, and others the living beauties Virginia. This led us to think upon a very interaround, gathered from every nation. The twelve esting statement, of the progress of population in candles, in the twelve branched candlesticks, are certain regions of the United States, prepared by lighted; the choir appear, in their white robes, William Darby, Esq., in the early part of the presthrough the grating of their little balcony. The ent year. It would be natural io suppose that cardinals, in their red caps and ermine, come in where a high state of civilization existed, and all and take their places on the low cushioned seats the comforts of life were to be had in perfection, within the rail. The ambassadors appear in the there would at least be an indication of a steady reserved places, and the service commences with increase in population in a degree commensurate slow and solemn reading; the choir chant a re- with the growth of other and less favored portions sponse in full tones for ten minutes. Another of the country. That where great cities were reading, and the kneeling of ihe cardinals-a si- planted, the thriving villages and towns, with the lence for a moment-and then steal out from the necessary farming country around it for the growth obscure balcony the first sweet notes of the mise-of the necessary supplies, would attract and keep rere. There is a hush in the crowd-whispering together a population whose numbers should incenses, and the melodious accents flow thicker and crease, and not diminish. But this is in many faster, and are renewed, and die away into a long instances not so, and the fact that in so old a State sweet wail, as if the angels had turned mourners. as Virginia, an immense body of land remains unThen came other chantings, not without rich settled that in Pennsylvania and New York heauly, if they had not been contrasted with the there are thousands of acres of land upon which richer beauties gone before. As the chant went the foot of a white man, it is said, has never trod on, the chapel became gradually obscure, the —that all along the Atlantic coast, from Virginia twelve lights upon the candlesticks before the altar to South Carolina, huge plains measuring by were one by one diminishing, as the service pro- miles in extent remain undevoted to any profitable ceeded; only three or four remained. The sun purpose—will suggest the quere : Why is it? had gone down, and the red glow of twilight came The answer may be found not in any aversion through the dusky windows.
of our people to a crowded population, for they are A pause in the chant, and a brief reading from not Daniel Boones, and can bear ihe sight of a felan officiating cardinal, and then all knelt, and the low creature, the sound of his voice, and be gratesweet deep flow of the miserere commenced again ful for the interchange of the courtesies of lifegrowing in force and depth till the whole chapel | but from the desire of owning more land, and it is rang, and the balcony of the choir trembled ; then the idea of possession, that is the solace for the disa subsiding again into a low strain of a single voice, comforts of Western seitlements, and for the so prolonged, so tremulous, and so real, that it dangers which in the beginning frequently cluster made the heart ache, and feel the ceremony that I around them.
The tide of emigration from the East to the Mivart's hotel, and going down to Ascot on the West is so great, that in many portions of the day of the races. We used to hear that Ibrahim, country the population is not only in a great de- at the head of his mountain horde, was doing this, gree stationary, but in some instances has retro- that, and the other; routing somebody on one graded. As illustrating what we say it will be side, ravaging coasts, and carrying his furious found that the population of Vermont, New Hamp- arms in all directions; and we are therefore anshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode prepared for finding his name every morning in Island, was, in 1810, 1,243,216 souls; and in 1840, our newspapers among the fashionable movements only 1,733,029, leaving as an increase during of the season. Considering the military impetuthirty years of prosperity and no war, only 513,185 osity of his character, we should soggest that a -or a ratio of 1 31. There are in these States court circular should be specially written to record 33,326 square miles, and this population is but 52 his acts during his visit to London, in language to the square mile, while nearly the whole of this similar to that in which we have been in the habit country is capable of sustaining 200 to the square of hearing him spoken of. We submit a few specmile.
imens : In New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary- "The impetuous Ibrahim left his lair at Mirart's, land and Virginia, the population in 1810 was at an early hour, and made a descent upon the 2,487,508 ; and in 1840, 3,685,287 ; or an in- breakfast-room. He ravaged a plate of ham, and crease of 1,197,779; the greatest portion of this spread desolation among the French-rolls that being in Pennsylvania.
were placed before him. The energetic heir of The ratio of increase, and the population to the Mehemet Ali then planted his yatagan in the square mile has been during the period named, as bosom of a fowl, and made a desperate attack follows:
upon it, exclaiming, in his strong Egyptian accent, Rate of increase.
Pop. sq. mile in 1810. Thus will I cut off both wings of the army of Pennsylvania, 2.12
my enemy!' Having finished a hearty meal, he New Jersey, 1.49
rushed into the fastness of a carriage, and scoured Delaware, 1.07
the country until he arrived at the Paddington Maryland, 1.23
terminus of the Great Western Railway. The Virginia, 1.33
19.3 haughty Ibrahim was met by Mr. Russell, M.P., A comparison of these statistics, with those of and the impetuous Pacha having exchanged a few Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, will show signs of courtesy precipitated himself upon the a startling difference ; the ratio of increase and ottoman in the saloon carriage. population being as follows:
" With his usual rapidity of movement he Ratio of increase.
Pop. sh. mile in 1810. reached the race-course, and came to a stand in a Michigan, 44.6
position commanding a view of all that was pass Indiana, 27.9
ing round him. Wine was offered to the wily Illinois, 38.9
Egyptian, who did honor to his old friend, the Missouri, 18.4
Porte, by finishing an entire bottle." This increase is too great for an equal growth
The above are only a few of the incidents occurof the country, and it is a matter for serious con- ning o
ring on one of the days of Ibrahim's sojourn in sideration, why the Fast and its advantages should
this country. The narration of events should be be in such a great degree forsaken for the west
continued in the same spirit, when a very interestand its disadvantages. Why the desire for the
ing record of his visit would be furnished to the possession of a large amount of land cheaply
beanle public written in a style appropriate to the habits obtained, and dearly held at cost of labor and pri
and character of the illustrious person, whose provations innumerable, should overbear the strong
no ceedings cannot be faithfully chronicled in the inducements for settlement on the Atlantic border mere every-day language of a Court Circular. The annexation of Texas, the addition of Oregon,
Punch. and the prospective extension of our boundaries, so as to embrace California, are all additional causes
ABD-EL-KADER AND PELISSIER.-The Parisians for speculation, as to whether the next thirty years denounce
seara denounce Abd-el-Kader for his recent murder of will show an increase or decrease in the population
olan French prisoners. The barbarian killed them by of the old States. The immense uide that is rush-sword and ball. Now, at the Cave of Dahra, ing thither from us will have a serious effect, but Colonel Pelissier, bless
serious effect, but Colonel Pelissier, blessed by the light of civilizawhat that is, remains yet to be seen.
tion, magnanimously used it as a torch.-Punch. It cannot be known so well as it ought to be, that there are such abundant opportunities for “ THE HOUSE OF PEEL."-Such is the heading profitable and cheap investment this side of the given by some of our contemporaries to the subMississippi, or in all likelihood there would be a joined paragraph :better exhibit of increase in fixed population than “ The following passage occurs in the Rev. we have made. And it would be well that means John Wesley's Journal, bearing date Joly 97, were adopted to spread the knowledge that would 1787 :- I was invited to breakfast, at Bury, by in all probability be very acceptable to many who Mr. Peel, a calico printer, who, a few years are determined to make the yet sparsely populated ago, began with 5001., and is now supposed to West their home. - United States Gazette. have 50,0001.'"
We take it, there is many a "house" --for the
sneer implied in the word is not to be mistakenIBRAHIM IN Town.-Nearly every one acknow that could not give so truly poble a beginning. ledges that there is something almost terrific in How many “houses," for instance, began with the idea of Ibrahim Pacha being actually in Lop-plunder-how many with debauchery! There are don. We have been so in the habit of reading a few escutcheons we could name, that, with all about his impetuosity and all that kind of thing, their dragons glorified, and bend-sinisters, would that we cannot conceive his putting up quietly at look very small before Mr. Peel's spinning-jenny.
From the Journal of Commerce. extensive tract, where anything can be raised. OUR OWN OREGON.
And this, be it observed, is the tract, or district,
about which two great nations have been disputing As the great problem is at length solved, show- these thirty years, and for the possession of which ing what portion of the Oregon territory belongs they have at times been in imminent danger of into Great Britain, and what portion to the United curring the direst calamities. States, the next thing is to examine the value of The face of this country (says Mr. Hines) is the possessions thus allotted to us. Many descrip- wonderfully diversified, and presents every variety tioos of Oregon have been published-but none of scenery, from the most awfully grand and subwhich we have seen, bears so evidently the marks lime to the most beautiful and picturesque in nature. of candor, and a personal acquaintance with the In the vicinity of Puget's Sound the country is subject, as one which has just reached us from level and exceedingly beautiful, and consists mostly Canton, China. We learn from a correspondent of prairie land, with but a small portion of timber; there, that it was written by Rev. Mr. Hines, who but, with this exception, all along the coast it for several years has resided in Oregon as a mis- is broken and mountainous. On approaching the sionary of the Methodist Church, and has recently coast at the mouth of the Columbia river, ridges returned to this country, taking China in his way. of high lands appear on either hand as far as ihe He there left the manuscript of his description, eye can reach, and the more elevated points serve and it was printed at the Hong Kong Register as land-marks to guide the mariner through the office, after his departure for the United States. intricate channel across the fearful “ Bar of the He arrived here on the 4th of May last.
Columbia.” One high mountain called by the Mr. Hines describes the Oregon Territory as Indians “ Swalalahoost," from an Indian tradition, bounded northerly 120 miles by Puget Inlet, and and from its appearance, is supposed to have once from the eastern termination of that inlet by a been an active volcano. With but little variation ridge of mountains which divides the waters of the country from 30 to 50 miles back from the Frazer's river from those which flow into the Co- coast, presents a rough, wild and mountainous aslumbia,-said ridge extending in a direction east- pect, and is covered with dense forests of fir, north-east to the Rocky Mountains. According spruce and cedar trees. Passing over this broken to this definition, the United States have in truth border of the country, you descend on the north got nearly " the whole of Oregon," though they side of the Columbia into the valley of the Cowhave stopped a long way short of 54.40. The ilitz, and on the south into that of the Wallamette Datural boundary described by Mr. Hines, is the river. These valleys extend eastward to that range boundary which would have resulted from Mr. of mountains which, crossing the Columbia river, Calhoun's able argument in support of the Ameri- forms the Cascades, and is therefore called the can title, addressed to the British minister, Mr. “ Cascade Mountains.” Comprised in these valPakenham. Mr. C. claimed for the U, States all leys are many extensive prairies, beautiful woodthe country drained by the Oregon or Columbia lands, numberless hillocks, rising grounds and river. It is however better to adopt the 49th majestic hills, from the top of some of which, parallel, agreeably to the treaty just signed and scenery, as enchanting as was ever presented to ratified by ihe American government, (and which the eye, delights and charms the lover of nature, is sure to be signed and ratified by the British gov- who takes time to visit their conical summits. ernment,) because it leaves no chance for future That part of Oregon extending from the Cascade differences, and gives us a territory mure symmetri-mountains to the Pacific Ocean, is called the cal and compact.
“Lower Country," and is about one hundred and The Pacific coast which falls to us under the thirty miles wide. treaty, is about 450 miles in length, extending The Cascade Mountains exiend in one continufrom lat. 42 10 Cape Flattery at the entrance of ous range, parallel with the coast, quite to CaliforPoget Inlet. Along the inlet we have a "water nia, and have therefore sometimes been called the front" of 120 miles; making a total of near 600“ Californian Range." Those whose mountain miles of coast, without including the gulf which observations have not been very extensive, can projects from the east end of Puget Inlet, far to form no just conceptions of the grandeur and magthe southward, commonly called Admiralty Inlet. nificence of this stupendous range. The highest These two inlets—the latter of which is wholly peaks are covered with eternal snows, and presentours-contain a plenty of good harbors, and they ing their rounded tops to the heavens, appear like are the only good harbors we possess on that coast. so many magnificent domes to adorn the great South of Cape Flattery, the only harbor which a temple of nature. Some of them are more than ship can enter is the mouth of Columbia river, and fifteen thousand feet above the level of the sea. that, as all our readers know, is difficult of access, From one elevation, near the Wallamette river, and often extremely dangerous.
and from sixty to one hundred and fifty miles disThe area of surface embraced within American lant, the writer has counted eight of ihese snowOregon as defined by the treaty, is probably not capped mountains without moving from his tracks. less than 300,000 square miles; or more than six Surely no sight can be more enchanting.-One of times that of the stale of New York. From Mr. these mountains, viz., St. Helen, requires a more Hines' description of it we now proceed to quote, particular account from a phenomenon which it in his own words. The reader will observe that presented three years ago. In the month of Octothe country about Puget Sound, which has been ber, 1842, this mountain was discovered, all at once, generally described as an excellent agricultural to be covered with a dense cloud of smoke, which district, is represented by Mr. Hines as extremely continued to enlarge and move off in dense masses barren, although 6 level, and exceedingly beauti- to the eastward, and filling the heavens in that ful.” Strictly speaking, he says, there is no soil. direction, presented an appearance like that of a The prairies are covered with shingle, or small tremendous conflagration viewed at a vast distance. stones, with scarcely any admixture of earth. In- When the smoke had passed away, it could be deed, there are but few places on this somewhat distinctly seen, from various parts of the country,
CIT. LIVING AGE. VOL. X. 12