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perhaps no minister has encountered since the time leading articles which enter into family consumpof Lord Bute, and should he continue in office, he tion. will have to encounter a vast amount of personal It is estimated that 190,000 English families live opposition and ill-will, without the warm support mostly abroad for the sake of economy. Estiof any one party, and without a cordial good-will mating the average income at £300 per annum, on the part of the sovereign.
£30,000,000 have been spent out of the kingdom Sull, we are inclined to think his strength with for the sake of economy; a large part of which the country is such that he may continue to hold will now be spent at home. Nor has the governoffice, if he chooses. His best policy, we think, ment provided for a cheap supply of food alone. would be to retire until a new election to parlia- | | Woollen and cotton fabrics of all sorts are allowed ment takes place, when he would be again, almost to be imported free, and there is no tax on leather, certainly, called to the head of the ministry. and even on garments made up, and on hoois and Those are inistaken who consider Peel as past his shoes the duty is very light; so that for clothing, prime, and needing repose, from age. He is but England is probably now the cheapest country on fifty-eight, of a good constitution, and excellently earth. Even silks, the use of which is becoming preserved. He has yet in him ten or twelve good so general, pay for ihe most part but ten per cent., years of service for his country. We are greatly and England has become an exporting country, as mistaken if for that time, whether in office or out, well as an importing one in regard to that article. he be not the foremost man in all the kingdom. | About eight hundred pounds sterling of silks, were He is said to have declared that he would spend exported the last year. Mr. Huskisson fought his life in the house of commons—that is, would hard to get the duty on this article reduced to 30 never accept a peerage. We hope he will keep per cent. Ten per cent. is now thought sufficient his resolution, convinced that he is on the true - not to exclude the foreign article, for this is not theatre of his greatness.
desired; but to encourage the home manufacture.
Such a change has been brought about in little We need make no apology to our readers' for more than twenty years. continuing our remarks on the changes in the corn England then becoining a positively cheap counlaws of Great Britain-a measure which as we try in regard to clothing, and a comparatively cheap have shown closes and perfects the long series of country (her past condition is alluded 10) in removements in that country in favor of free trade. gard to food, what will be the effect upon her The doctrine of protection to manufactures and manufactures ? This will be three-fold. First, agriculture may be considered as abandoned, and the internal consumption of the kingdom will be they are left to sustain themselves by their own affected. The masses, who generally expend inherent strength and elasticity. From the im- nearly up to their income, laying our less for food, mense extent of our foreign commerce with that will have more for clothing. If their outlay for country, which with her dependencies, takes con- provisions is diminished, suppose twenty per cent., siderably more than one half of our exports, this ihat for clothing will be augmented probably four commercial revolution there, must have a pro- or five per cent. Candor, however, obliges us to digious influence on the leading interests of our say that to the increased consumption from this country, and it must demand froin us a correspon- source there may be an offset. If the demand for dent attention.
agricultural labor should he considerably diminOne of the most marked results of the change ished, as is insisted by the advocates for protecwill be greatly to lessen the cost of living in Eng- tion, then of necessity the agricultural classes canland to all classes, but especially the poor, who not purchase so largely. Here is precisely tho purchase liule beyond the necessaries of life. difficult, hazardous point of the experiment, and Hitherto England has been the dearest country on all parties must wait with some anxiety for the earih, because food from abroad in all its forms result. The manufacturing classes will consume was excluded, unless when at a high price. This more ; perhaps the agriculural classes less. is made alınost entirely to cease, except in articles Second, manufactures will be favorably affected which may he denominated luxuries, and including by diminishing the cost of production. It is sugar in this list. Vegetables of every class, all always difficult to estimate the different proportion grains whether intended as food for man or beast, in which capital and labor are concerned in the live animals, meats, fresh and salt, with unim- cost of production. It is in fact infinitely various portant exceptions, fish, wherever caught, and in different articles ; in some labor constituting a however cured, are among articles free or subject small part-in others nearly the whole. But as only to nominal duty. No country in modern labor does enter more or less into the cost of every times has ever gone to this extent, except Holland, article, we may take it for granted, that whatever which is a nation of merchants, and the Hanse largely affects the price of labor, will affect the Towns, which were free trading cities. England cost of production. The operative will in the first furnishes the first example of a great agricultural instance reap the benefit of diminishing cost of nation throwing open its ports and its custom living, and it were earnestly to be wished that he houses, to the almost unrestricted entrance of food might always retain the great portion of it. But from abroad. It certainly is a most remarkable experience forbids us to hope that he can long do innovation in the custom of nations. It aims a more than share it with the capitalist; and whatblow at old national antipathies, and jealousies and ever benefit the latter derives, is so much added to divisions, the like of which no age has seen, and his power of successfully meeting foreign compewhich if carried out and generally imitated by tition. If, then, English manufactures have, under great nations, would introduce a general national the disadvantage of dear living, maintained in most brotherhood, and render wars almost an impossi- branches a superiority over those of other nations, bility. It was not our purpose, however, at pres- they will be still better enabled to compete with ent to speak of this result, but to draw attention them, when the cost of living is reduced nearly to to the fact of the comparative cheapness of living the same standard. In other words, wholly unwhich must follow the free introduction of all the taxed raw materials, with almost wholly uniaxed food for her operatives, assures fur a long period | But in the ill blood excited, this was unseen or in foreign markets, at least, the present relative disregarded. The great liberal measures of the standing of British manufactures. This is a most British government will diffuse throughout the important gaju fur that great interest. Its great commercial world a betier feeling-a feeling that est danger lay in dear food at home—that danger exclusive advantages are no longer sought, and is past.
that trade, to be really beneficial to one party, A third way in which British manufactures will must be so to both. he benefitted by the free trade measures, now per- But these measures will operate in another and fected by the virtual abrogation of the corn laws, still more efficacious way on commercial and manuis by increasing the intercourse with foreign facturing rivals. The advantages of cheapness of nations. It has been stated as an axiom, that a the raw material, and increased cheapness of food, people will not long buy of those to whom they do must be met by similar reductions on the port of not sell. This is only partially true. In order to rival nations, or the foreign markets will be lost. buy, a nation must of course sell to somebody, France and Germany must cease to tax British though not always to the very people of whom coal and iron, and machinery, and foreign woul, they buy. The statement would have been cor- and various other articles, if they would successrect, however, if limited to two or more naljons fully compete with her in the production of cloths, which are competing for the trade of a third. That and of various other fabrics in which they now nation which buys the most freely, will also in this compete with her in the markets of the world. A case sell the most largely. The balance of trade relaxation-at least a partial one-of their come with England for the last few years is largely in mercial systems will thus be forced upon them. favor of the United States—the last year reaching On the whole, we conclude that a new era of the enormous sum of fourteen millions of dollars. commercial freedom has commenced. In payment she accepts bills from all parts of the world. A good deal of this balance has accrued
From the New Brunswick Times. from the relaxation of her provision laws, which has taken place within the last few years. It is
THE WOLF CHASE. plain, however, that we cannot keep this trade, if DURING the winter of 1844, being engaged in The grain-growing nations of the continent consent the northern part of Maine, I had much leisure to to receive British manufactures at much lower devote to the wild sports of a new country. To rates of duty than we impose. Vessels that take none of these was I more passionately addicted British goods as return freight, have an advantage than that of skating. The deep and sequestered over those that do not, which must ultimately lakes of this northern state, frozen by intense cold, ensure them the market. The irregular and fitfull present a wide field to the lovers of this pastime. demand of the English corn market, has hitherto Often would I hind on my rusty skates, and glide prevented any great benefit in the sale of her com away up the glittering river, and wind each mazy modities, from occasional large iniportations of streamlet that flowed on towards the parent ocean, grain. When this trade, however, shall assume and feel my very pulse bound with joyous exercise. (as it will when free) a tolerable degree of It was during one of these excursions that I me: sie:diness and regularity, an increased demand for with an adventure, which even at this period of iny British goods will be the certain result. There life I remember with wonder and astonishment. will be light freight and means of payment.
I had left my friend's house one evening just Foreign governments will also favor trade with before dusk, with the intention of skating a short the power which lays the fewest restrictions distance up the noble Kennebec, which glided on their productions. Important relaxations are directly before the door. The evening was fine already making in the Russian system of high and and clear. The new moon peered from her lofty prohibitory duties. All Russian producis being seat, and cast her rays on the frosty pines that received at low or nominal duties in the ports of skirted the shore, until they seemed the realization Great Britain, the emperor will cause an im- of a fairy scene. All nature lay in a quiet which portant modification of the Russian tariff to be she sometimes chooses to assume ; while water, made, at least so far as British goods are con-earth and air seemed to have sunken into repose. cerned.
I had gone up the river nearly two miles, when It is impossible yet to say how far other nations coming to a litile stream which empued into the will be led to follow the example of Great Britain. larger, I turned in to explore its course. Fir ani Authority, or the weight of great names, whether hemlock of a century's growth met overhead, and French, English, or German, is wholly on the side formed an evergreen archway, radiant with frostof free trade. We doubt whether there is a pro- work. All was dark within, but I was young and fessorship of political economy on earth, in which fearless, and as I peered into the unbroken forest the principle of protection is advocated. Theorists that reared itself to the borders of the stream, I at least, as a body, are in favor of free trade. The laughed in very joyousness. My wild hurrah rang example of such a country, cannot but have a through the woods, and I stood listening to the powerful influence in the same direction, especially echo that reverberated again and again, until all with countries whose systems are yet in any de- was hushed. Occasionally a night bird would flap gree to be formed.
its wings from some iall oak. It will also be somewhat to smooth the way by The inighty lords of the forest stood as if nought the prevalence of a heiter feeling. A large part but time could bow them. I thought how of the of the restrictive measures of various countries Indian hunter concealed himself behind these very have had their origin in a spirit of retaliation. It trees-how oft the arrow had pierced the deer by was thought necessary for a nation to show a this very stream, and how oft his wild balloo had proper spirit for measures injurious to its trade and rung for his victory. I watched the owls as they commerce by inflicting injury on the opposite futiered by, until I almost fancied myself one of party. The blow, it is true, often recoiled, and them, and held my breath to listen to their distant the party inflicting it was the greatest sufferer. hooting.
When suddenly a sound arose, it seemed from on far ahead, their tongues lolling out, their white the very ice beneath my feet. It was loud and tushes gleaming from their bloody mouths, their tremendous at first, until it ended in one long yell. dark shaggy breasts freckled with foam ; and as I was appalled. Never before had such a noise they passed me, their eyes glared, and they howled met my ears. I thought it more than mortal—so with rage and fury. The thought flashed on my fierce, and amid such an unbroken solitude, that it mind that by this means I could avoid them, viz., by seemed a fiend from hell had blown a blast from an turning aside whenever they came too near ; for infernal trumpet. Presently I heard the twigs on they, by the formation of their feet, are unable to the shore snap as if from the tread of some animal, run on ice exccpt on a right line, and the blood rushed back to my forehead with a I immediately acted on this plan. The wolves bound that made my skin burn, and I felt relieved having regained their feet, sprang directly towards that I had to contend with things of earthly and not me. The race was renewed for twenty yards up spiritual mould, as I first fancied. My energies the stream ; they were already close on my back, returned, and I looked around ine for soine means when I glided round and dashed past my pursuers. of defence. The moon shone through the opening A fierce growl greeted my evolution, and the wolves by which I had entered the forest, and consider- slipped upon their haunches and sailed onward, ing this the best means of escape, I darted towards presenting a perfect picture of helplessness and it like an arrow. 'T was hardly a hundred yards baffled rage. Thus I gained nearly a hundred yards distant, and the swallow could scarcely excel each turning. This was repeated two or three my desperate flight; yet as I turned my eyes times, every moment the wolves getting more to the shore, I could see two dark objects dashing excited and baffled, until coming opposite the through the under brush, at a pace nearly double house, a couple of stag hounds, aroused by the that of my own. By their great speed, and the noise, bayed furiously from their kennels. The short yells which they occasionally gave, I knew at wolves taking the hint, stopped in their mad once that they were ihe much dreaded grey wolf. career, and after a moment's consideration turned
I had never met with these animals, but from and fled. I watched them till their dusky forms the description given of them, I had but little disappeared over a neighboring hill. Then, taking pleasure in making their acquaintance. Their off my skates, I wended my way to the house, untameable fierceness and the untiring strength with feelings better to be imagined than described. which seeins to be a part of their nature, render them objects of dread to every benighted traveller.
The Poems of ALFRED B. STREET. New York, " With their long gallop, which can tire
Clark & Austin, 130 Fullon-street. The hound's deep hate, the hunter's fire,” We are pleased to see this complete edition of
Mr. Street's poems, for it is difficult justly 10 estithey pursue their prey, and nought but death can mate a man of genius, when his productions are separate them. The bushes that skirted the shore strewed at random through the periodical publicaflew past with the velocity of light, as I dashed on/tions of the day, like so many scattered rays of in my flight. The outlet was nearly gained ; one light. Our naiional literature is steadily growing second more and I would be comparatively safe. up into manhood, for the reason that the intellect when my pursiers appeared on the bank directly of the country is daily becoming less invitative above me, which rose to the height of some ten and more original. It is idle for our authors to feet. There was no time for Thought ; I bent my attempt occupying any themes of iransatlantic orihead and dashed wildly forward. The wolves gin, unless as they are connected wiih or termisprang, but miscalculating my speed, sprang be- nate on this continent. We should not look 100 hind, while their intended prey glided out into the much abroad for subjecis of thought and disquisiriver.
tion. American talent can never be developed into Nature turned me towards home. The light fulness upon a foreign nutriment, it must be fed at flakes of snow spun from the iron of my skates, home; every nation has its peculiar place and and I was now some distance from my pursuers, sphere in literature, just as much as it has a geowhen their fierce howl told me that I was again graphical position, and when confined to this limit the fugitive. I did not look back-I did not feel the national mind must sooner or later create a sorry or glad : one thought of home, of the bright peculiar and characteristic national literature. We faces awaiting my return, of their tears if they have been led to these remarks from observing that should never again see me, and then every energy the marked feature of Mr. Street's poems is their of mind and body was exerted for my escape. Il Americanism, and in this we trace an essential was perfectly at home on the ice. Many were the cause of his success as a poet. He deals with days I spent on my skates, never thinking that at historical incidents and legends belonging 10 our one time they would be my only means of safety. own country, and in which we all frel that we Every half minute an alternate yelp from my pur- have a common properly. He describes nature as suers made me but too ceriain they were close at seen in the depths of our noble forests, by the side my heels. Nearer and nearer they came; I heard of our glorious rivers, on the lakes and mountains, their feet pattering on the ice, nearer still, until I and he thus strikes a chord to which every heart fancied I could hear their deep breathing. Every responds. nerve and muscle in my frame was stretched to With all his truthfulness and life-like painting, the utmost tension.
with all his vivid and spirited sketching of nature, The trees along the shore seemed to dance in animate and inanimate, we fuel that his genius the uncertain light, and my brain turned with my would have been wasted and misapplied upon any own breathless speed : yet still they seemed to other than home scenes and events, and we are so hiss forth with a sound truly horrible, when an far jealous of his muse, as to hope that his fine involuntary motion on my part turned me out of poetic powess will never be diverted from illusmy course. The wolves close behind, unable to lirating ihe history and scenery of his native land. stop and as unable to turn, slipped, fell, still going - Protestant Churchman.
From Fraser's Magazine. I poems of real and lasting merit-poems as varied, PAST AND PRESENT CONDITION OF BRITISH I may add, as any era in our literature can exhibit,
the celebrated Elizabethan period, perhaps, but POETRY.
barely excepted. 'Tis sixty years since a thin quarto volume ap- A new race of poets came in with King George peared in London with the plain and unpretending III., for the poets of the preceding reigns who iitle of An Ode to Superstition, and some other lived to witness the accession of the king either Poems, and exactly the same number of years since survived that event but a very few years, or were a thin octavo appeared at Kilmarnock, entitled, unwilling to risk their reputations in any new cop. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. The thin lest for distinction. Young was far advanced in quarto was the production of Samuel Rogers, a years, and content and wisely so—with the fame young gentleman of education, the son of a Lon- of his Satires and his Night Thoughts ; Gray had don banker; the thin octavo the production of Rob- written his Elegy and his Odes, and was annotaert Burns, a Scottish ploughboy, without educa- ting Linnæus within the walls of a college ; Shention, and almost without a penny in the world. stone found full occupation for the remainder of his
'Tis fifty years since Burns was buried in the life in laying out the Leasowes to suit the genius kirkyard of St. Michael's :
of the place; Johnson was put above necessity “() early ripe, to thy abundant store
and the booksellers by a pension from the crown;
| Akenside and Armstrong were pursuing their proWhat could advancing age have added more!"
fession of physicians ; Lyuleton was busy putting While the poet of the Ode to Superstition is still points and periods to his History ; Smolleti, in among us, full of years and full of health, and as seeking a precarious livelihood from prose; and much in love with poetry as ever. “It is, I con- Mallet employed in defending the administration fess," says Cowley, “but seldom seen that the of Lord Bute, and earning the wages of a pension poet dies before the man; for when once we fall from the minister. Three alone adhered in any in love with that bewitching art, we do not use to way to verse ; Mason was employed in contemplacourt it as a mistress, but marry it as a wife, and ting his English Garden ; Glover, in brooding over take it for better or worse, as an inseparable com his posthumous Athenaid; and Home, in writing panion of our whole life." It was so with Waller new tragedies to eclipse, if possible, the early luswhen he was eighty-two, and is so with Mr. tre of his Douglas. Rogers now that he is eighty-one. Long may it! There was room for a new race of poets. Nor be so :
was it long before a new set of candidates for dis“If envious buckies view wi' sorrow
tinction came forward to supply the places of the Thy lengthen'd days on this blest morrow,
old. The voice of the Muse was first awakened May Desolation's long-teeth'd harrow,
in Edinburgh and Aberdeen. I can find no earlier Nine miles an hour,
publication of the year 1760 than a thin octava of Rake them, like Sodom and Gomorrah,
seventy pages, printed at Edinburgh, entitled, In brunstane stoure."
Fragments of Ancient Poetry, collected in the High
lands of Scotland, and translated from the Gaelic or Waller “ was the delight of the House of Com Erse language, the first edition of a work which mnons, and, even at eighty, he said the liveliest has had its influence in the literature of our country, things of any among them." How true of Rogers, the far-famed Ossian, the favorite poem of the at eighty, at his own, or at any other table! great Napoleon. "Have you seen," says Gray,
The poet of An Ode to Superstition has outlived "the Erse Fragments since they were printed! a whole generation of poets, poetasters, and poeti- I ain more puzzled than ever about their antiquity, tos; has seen the rise and decline of schools, Lake, though I still incline (against everybody's opinion) Cockney, and Satanic—the changeful caprices of to believe them old." Many, like Gray, were taste--the injurious effects of a coterie of friends alive to their beauties : inquiry was made upon in-the impartial verdicts of Time and a third gene- quiry, and dissertation led to dissertation. It was ration-another Temple of Fame-a new class of long, however, before the points in dispute were occupants in many of the niches of the old-resto settled, and the authorship brought bome to the rations, depositions, and removals, and, what few pen of the translator. The Fragments have had are allowed to see, his own position in the Tem- a beneficial and a lasting effect upon English liter. ple pretty well determined, not so high as to be ature. The grandeur of Ossian emboldened the wondered at, nor so low that he can escape from wing of the youthful Byron, and the noble daring envy and even emalation. Nor is this all; he has of the allusions and illustrations countenanced the lived to see Portry at its last gasp among us; the author of The Rime of the Ancient Mariner in what godlike race of the last generation expiring or ex. was new and hazardous, when Hayley held, and tinct, and no new-comers in their stead; just as Darwin was about to assume, a high but tempoif Nature chose to lie fallow for a time, and verse rary position in our poetry. was to usurp the place of poetry, desire for skill, The Aberdeen volume of poems and translations and the ambition and impudence of daring for the (8vo. 1761) was the first publication of Beattir, the flight and the raptures of the true-born poet. author of The Minstre. So lightly, we are told, did
If such is the case, that Poetry is pretty well Beattie think of this collection that he used to de extinct among us-- which no one, I believe, has stroy all the copies he could procure, and would only the hardihood to gainsay-a retrospective review suffer four of the pieces—and those much altered of what our great men accomplished in the long to stand in the same volume with the Minstrel. and important reign of King George III. (the era Beattie acqnired a very slender reputation by this that has just gone by) will not be deemed devoid first heir of his invention ; nor would it appear to of interest at this time. The subject is a very va- have been known much beyond the walls of the Maried one, is as yet without an historian, nor has rischal College, before the Minstrel drew attention hitherto received that attention in critical detail so to its pages, and excited curiosity to see what the preeminently due to a period productive of so many successful poet on this occasion had written unsuecessfully before. In the same year in which Beat- | Young, the sole survivor of the poets of the last tie appeared, a new candidate came forward to generation, died, at the great age of eighty-four, startle, astonish, and annoy. The reputation of on the 5th of April ; and Mr. Rogers, the still sura poet of higher powers than Beattie seemed like- viving patriarch of the past generation of poets, ly to exhibit would have sunk before the fame of was born on the 30th of July of the same year. the new aspirant. I allude to Churchill, whose The effect of the Reliques was more immediate first publication, The Rosciad, appeared in the than some have been willing to imagine. The March of 1761, and without the author's name. Hermit of Goldsmith, a publication of the following This was a lucky, and, what is more, a clever hit. year, originated in the Reliques; and the Minstrel The town, a little republic in itself, went mad of Beattie, a publication of the year 1771, in the about the poem; and when the author's name was I preliminary dissertation prefixed to the volumes. prefixed to a second edition, the poet was welcomed If Percy had rendered no other service to literature hy the public as no new poet had ever been before. than the suggestion of the Minstrel, his name Nor was his second publication-his Apology-in-would deserve respect. “The Minstrel," says ferior to his first. His name was heard in every Southey, “ was an incidental effect of Percy's volcircle of fashion, and in every coffee-house in town. umes. Their immediate consequence was to proNor did he suffer his reputation to flag, but kept duce a swarm of legendary tales,' bearing, in the public in one continual state of excitement for their style, about as much resemblance to the the remainder of his life. He attacked the whole genuine ballad as the heroes of a French tragedy race of actors in his Rosciad; the Critical Review to the historical personages whose names they ers, (the Edinburgh and Quarterly Reviewers of bear, or a set of stage-dances to the lads and lasses the day,) in his Apology; the whole Scottish na- of a village-green in the old times of the Maytion, in his Prophecy of Famine; Dr. Johnson, in pole.” This was the more immediate effect; the
The Ghost; and Hogarth, in A Familiar Epistle. lasting result of the Reliques was their directing Esery person of distinction expected that it was to the rude gropings of genius in a Scott, a Southey, be his turn next; and there was no saying where a Coleridge, and a Wordsworth. his satire would not have reached, for he was busy Beattie reäppeared in 1766 with a volume of with a caustic dedication to Warburton when, on poems, better by far than what he had done before, the 4th of November, 1764, he died at Boulogne, but still insufficient to achieve the reputation which at the too early age of three-and-thirty. Dr. Young the Minstrel subsequently acquired for ihe author survived him nearly a year. What the predeces of the volume. A second candidate was Cunningsor of Pope in satire thought of the new satirist, no ham, a player, still remembered for his Kate of one has told us.
Aberdeen, a short but charming piece of simpleWhile " the noisy Churchill" engrossed to him-hearted poetry. Poor Cunningham made no great self the whole attention of the public, a poem ap-way with his verse; he had dedicated his volume, peared in May, 1762, likely to outlive the caus- with all the ambition of an actor, to no less a periic effusions of the satirist, because, with equal sonage than Garrick ; but ihe head of the patentes talent, it is based on less fleeting materials. This players received the stroller's poetry with indifferwas The Shipwreck, a Poem, in Three Cantos, by a ence, and did not on this occasion repay, which he Sailor; better known as Falconer's Shipwreck, and commonly did his encomiums “ in kind." But deservedly remembered for its “simple tale,” its the poet of the year 1766 was Anstey, with his beautiful transcripts of reality, and as adding a New Bath Guide. congenial and peculiarly British subject to the “There is a new thing published," says Walgreat body of our island poetry. The popularity pole, “ that will make you split your cheeks with of Churchill kept it on the shelves of the bookselle laughing. It is called the New Bath Guide. It ers for a time, but it soon rose into a reputation, stole into the world, and, for a fortnight, no sour and nothing can now occur to keep it down. looked into it, concluding its name was its true
When Goldsmith published his first poem (The name. No such thing. It is a set of letters in Traveller) in the December of 1764, Churchill had verse, describing the life at Bath, and incidentally been dead a month, and there was room for a new everything else; but so much wil, so much humor, poet to supply his place. Nor were critics want- fun, and poetry, never met together before. I can ing who were able and willing to help it forward. say it by heart, and, if I had ime, would write it “ Such is the poem," says Dr. Johnson, who re- you down ; for it is not yet re-printed, and not one viewed it in the Critical Review, “on which we to be had.” now congratulate the public, as on a production to Gray commended it to Wharton, and Smollett which, since the death of Pope, it will not be easy wrote his Humphrey Clinker (the last and best of to find anything equal." This was high praise, his works) on Anstey's principle in his Guide. not considered undeserved at the time, nor thought A publication of the year 1767, called the Beauso now. Such, indeed, was the reputation of the ties of English Poesy, selected by Oliver Goldsmith, Traveller, that it was likely to have led to a fur- deserves to be remarked. The selection seems to ther succession of poets in the school of Pope, but have been made as a sort of antidote to Percy's for the timely interposition of a collection of poems Reliqucs. “My bookseller having informed me,” which called our attention off from the study of a he says, " that there was no collection of English single school, and directed the young and rising poetry among us of any estimation, * * * I therepoets to a wider range for study and imitation. fore offer this," he adds, “ to the best of my judg
This collection of poems was Percy's Reliques ment, as the best collection that has yet appeared. of Ancient English Poetry, one of the most tasteful I claim no merit in the choice, as it was obvious, collections of poems in any language, aud one of for in all languages the best productions are most the best and most widely known : “ The publica- easily found." It will hardly be believed by any tion of which," says Southey, “must forin an one who hears it for the first time, that a poet of epoch in the history of our poetry whenever it is Goldsmith's taste in poetry could have made a sewritten." The first edition appeared in 1765, a lection from our poets without including a single year remarkable in more ways than one. Dr. poet (Milton excepted) from the noble race of