defence continued on. Rosas now brought his thing more I will mention, and then have done squadron to blockade the port, thus completely with this miserable attempt at description. You cutting off all further supplies. What they had no doubt have heard of the combined force, with a on hand was, in time, almost consumed; the in- large convoy of merchant vessels, of all nations, habitants were even obliged to feed on dogs, cats, loaded with merchandise, forcing the passage of &c. Thus reduced, in a very short time the town the Parana on their way to Paraguay, and of the would have capitulated, and Oribe would have desperate resistance they met with. Still they again been fully reinstated; and then he proposed succeeded in destroying the forts and passing on to allow them a fair election. At this state of to Corrientes, a part of which province English affairs, all at once, the English and French ap- gold has caused to rebel against Rosas. In Parapeared as pacificators, so they called themselves. guay they have also, by the same means, created All at once, they saw Rosas' ambition, and deter- a feeling against Rosas, which they trust will aid mination to destroy the independence of this prov- them in whatever views they have towards Buenos ince of Uruguay, which they (the English) had Ayres. Lately we have not heard anything furguarrantied in some treaty with Brazil. They ther of this fleet, but that they have not reached protested against Rosas' right of blockade ; and, Paraguay is certain ; and whether Paraguay will after a heavy correspondence of advice, threats, be forced into a direct war with Buenos Ayres, or &c., which Rosas unheeded, they seized and dis- whether these noble rivers will be entirely opened mantled the blockading squadron; turned their to trade, time alone will decide, and nations alone crews adrift ; received several of the vessels into will judge how far the English and French had their service ; and, finally, the united forces of the right to force the opening of the river; but England and France blockaded Buenos Ayres. one thing is certain, if it is ever freely opened, we The documents that I have sent will put you in shall derive the same advantage as we did from the possession of all the particulars of this last move- China transaction. Our peaceful attitude, and the ment, which took place last fall. The English course we have pursued, will give it to us; wherhave also landed the 73d and 45th regiments, and ever we go we are respected and loved as a just a party of royal marines, amounting to near two and honorable nation, strictly loving peace, but thousand men; the French have also landed a few determined to bear no wrong, and one that I hope hundred of their sailors, (who are half-soldier, will never suffer European interference. I have half-sailor,) and their ministers and admirals sway seen enough of it in every part of the world never all the counsels of the city. Besides these troops, to view with indifference their least foothold in our there are about one thousand blacks and two to blessed country. Three thousand French Basques, and Italians, all under arms, and supported, no doubt, by English gold, with a promise of rich lands in the interior

JOURNEY ACROSS MEXICO SINCE THE WAR. when once Oribe's power is destroyed. If they wait for that, it will be a long day; for one hun! We are indebted to Dr. Wood, who has recentdred thousand men would scarce overrun this prov- ly returned to the United States, in company with ince, or that of Buenos Ayres. Within the last Messrs. Dimond and Parrot, (consuls,) for the ten days Rivera arrived from Rio. The pacifica- following sketches. Dr. W. has spent some time tors denied him permission to land ; but so severe on the coasts of the Pacific; and travelled, on his was the outcry among the troops--especially the return, from Mazatlan, on that coast, to Vera Cruz, blacks, who commenced every kind of excess on the Gulf of Mexico. These sketches will be that they were at last obliged to allow him to land. found interesting, particularly at this time.- Union. He is now on shore, and at the head of the blacks, “ Although the route and mode of procedure Basques, and Italians, and, it is thought, will not between Mexico and Vera Cruz has been frequentbe swayed longer by foreign influence, and rather ly described by tourists, I believe there is not so than submit to it he may capitulate with Oribe. much familiarity with the road from the Pacific to They used him as a tool as long as he might serve the capital of the Mexican States; and it may not their views, and then wished to see him cast aside. be uninteresting at the present moment to take a They are certainly on the look-out; and I fancy I rapid glance at this long route, passing through can see signs of an embarkation of their troops, the heart, the chief provinces, and cities of the which must take place before long, if their gov- republic. While hostilities were threatening, but ernments do not materially reinforce them. They before their commencement, it became necessary have clearly made fools of themselves ; and if to hold immediate communication with the United their object was and is a foothold in this part of States across the continent. The most convenient the world, I believe they have so far fully missed point of departure is at the town of San Blas, a it; sooner or later they must retire, and then Oribe little south of the mouth of the Gulf of California, will take instant possession, and should he rid the and one day's ordinary sail from Mazatlan. Startstate of that foreign tribe, he will be doing it some ing from San Blas instead of Mazatlan saves five service. So far I have, by a feeble sketch of days' laborious land travel. The village on the affairs, brought you up to the existing state at beach consists of a collection of thatched huts, inpresent. I will only add that Oribe has been en- habited by a sallow, unhealthy looking population, camped at his present site near three years; that and particularly rich in mosquitoes and sand flies. he maintains a strict government of the whole About a mile back of the beach stands the old country, except Colonea, a small village opposite town of San Blas, on a rocky eminence, rising like Buenos Ayres and Maldanada, also a small town a castle from the swampy verdant plain surroundnear the sea, off both of which places the English ing it; it is now but the mouldering gravestone or French maintain a naval force. What have of past prosperity. Both San Blas and Tepic, the been their views in the whole transaction, I leave city of which it is the port, are losing themselves to sounder heads than mine to unravel ; the great in the flourishing town of Mazatlan, which has er knowledge you possess of political affairs ihan risen rapidly out of that smuggling commerce I have, will, no doubt, guide you to a motive ; one which the benighted policy of Mexico has rendered the systematic, if not the legitimate, commerce | found ready an ample supper; after which we of the country. With the Spanish style of archi- were assigned chambers provided with every luxtecture, Mazatlan has the freshness, newness, and, ury for the most fastidious, and particularly agreedisdaining the limitation of walls, the independent, able after an unaccustomed ride of fifty-five miles. straggling character of a new town in the United Tepic is a handsome and well built city of about States.

eight thousand inhabitants, but in a state of decay At San Blas arrangements had been made with its population having fallen off in a few years an arriero, or muleteer, to convey us to the city of four thousand. The only thing refreshing, prosTepic; some of our party going no further than this perous, and un-Mexican about it, is the cotton facplace; and accordingly on the morning of May 4th, tory of the Messrs. Forbes. The situation is we found the requisite quantity of beasts on the pretty and picturesque, where they have the waterbeach, all caparisoned for the journey. It is next to power of a mountain stream, and the buildings, impossible to describe the huge, confused mass of both of the factory and residences of the persons wood, leather, thongs, and straps which make up connected with it, are in a showy and appropriate the equipment of a Mexican saddle, and appears a architectural taste. The superintendent, as well sufficient load for the little animal which sustains as all the leading workmen, are from the United it without the addition of the rider. It is necessary States ; and in the number of years in which they that each traveller on this journey should have at have been employed, Mr. Forbes assured me he least one baggage mule ; for, besides his ordinary never had had the least difficulty or cause of disluggage, he must carry all his bedding, and, with satisfaction with any of them. This factory makes a just discretion, a good store of provisions. Upon eighty pieces a day, and it sells at twenty-five cents this occasion, we had handsome and convenient the yard---something less than a yard. Most of brass bedsteads, stowed compactly in trunks and the raw material is brought from New Orleans, boxes, and at night, when they were put up, their although a little is grown in the country. In the glittering posts and canopy frames formed a strong neighborhood of Tepic are some fine sugar estates, contrast with the rude unfurnished rooms in which where refined sugar is made at a cost of three or we lodged. In loading the mules two things sur- four cents, and sells at ten cents a pound, though prise the stranger: first, the weight and bulk which nothing like a supply for the country is produced, the animals carry; and next, the facility with which as I have known, in the neighborhood of Tepic, the arrieros secure articles of every weight and this sugar to retail at fifty cents a pound. size, so that the animal climbing precipitous paths, At Tepic we first met the hostile proclamation and walking narrow shelves, seems a moving mass of Paredes, directing an advance upon General of trunks, boxes, and bales.

| Taylor. This gave us some uneasiness, although Our party consisted, including the muleteers, of it was the general impression that this proclamaseven persons, and ten horses and mules ; each of tion had some other design in its threats than the us equipped with a formidable battery of carbines purpose of executing them. at the saddle bow, pistols round the waist, and the At Tepic we made a new contract with an Mexicans wearing long rusty swords which had arriero for himself, his mozos, or boys, horses, Jost their scabbards. All this warlike equipment mules, carbines and swords, to carry us to Guadawas, I presume, upon the principle of scarecrows laxara, a five-day journey. The annual fair of in a cornfield, more than with any design of bloody Tepic was in progress as we passed through. It conflict. All preparations being completed at seven is nothing more than a scene of low dissipation ; o'clock, we took our departure from the shore of the public square, or plaza, which is common to the Pacific ocean, and passed into a dense, luxuri- every Mexican town, being filled with every possiant, bottom land thicket or jungle. This bottom ble contrivance—wheels, cards, dice, colored is only passable in the dry season, and we noticed cloths, &c.—for gambling, and the tables rai the elevation of the water during the wet season in wealth from a small capital of copper coin, marked six feet high on the trees. From this where children and beggars tried their fortunes, to bottom we ascended by a gentle rise to some good those where their elders and betters might stake cultivable land, upon which was here and there gold. a Mexican farm or rancho, and occasionally a new The necessary arrangements being completed, clearing, such as are seen in our west. Ai twelve on the afternoon of May 6th our cavalcade was on we reached the half-way house, a plain farm-house, its way to Guadalaxara, reaching that night the vilwhere we found clean and comfortable provision. lage of San Leonel. Don Ramon, our chief arriResting until half-past three, we again got under ero, instead of taking us to the fonda, lodged us in way, and now commenced the ascent of the moun. the farm-house of a friend of his. The lady of the tains. Our way lay through a dark forest of gi establishment was particularly cautious in locking gantic trees, up and down precipitous declivities the doors and securing the windows before retiruntil, about sun down, we emerged upon a naked ing ; and, as a reason for her care, she showed an and desolate mountain summit, from which, look- enormous scar extending the whole length of her ing back over a vast region of country below us, arm, which had been inflicted by the knife of a robwe had our parting view of the Pacific losing itself ber some years before, who, at the same time, laid in the distant horizon. The road now passed over two others of her household wounded on the floor. hills of white and red clay, a sterile and lonely The usual mode of travelling is to start at three country. The moon rose upon us long before our or four o'clock in the morning, having first taken day's journey came to its close in the city of Tepic, the desayuero, or cup of tea, coffee, or chocolate, just as the serenos, or watchmen, were wbistling with a small cake or rusk ; then travelling until on their sharp calls the hour of ten, and giving eleven or twelve o'clock, when breakfast, in our forth their devotional cry of “Ave Maria puris- sense of the word, is taken, and a rest of three or sima." We were received in the elegant mansion four hours enjoyed, the day's journey being comof Mr. Forbes, a Scotch gentleinan, whose warm pleted in the cool of the evening, at which time hospitality allows no stranger to pass Tepic with ihe traveller dines. This order and period of out a home. He had been expecting us, and we meals is that common to all Mexico.

The first part of our journey from Tepic was provement which came under my notice. A broad, among a succession of smooth, rounded hills, rising handsome, well-made, paved carriage road is being from the surrounding dry, barren plains, like Indian cut from the face of the mountain, descending it in mounds, the plains theinselves intersected by long a succession of inclined planes, turning one upon stone fences, but entirely destitute of cultivation. another, and much of the road is already comSoon after leaving San Leonel on the morning of pleted. Ascending from these shady depths by a the seventh, the country assuined a rather more precipitous road we reached, a little after night, cheering appearance. A few thinly-scattered pine the miserable village, but good porada of Mochotrees covered the hills, and an occasional small litli. Leaving this village early in the morning, stream of water ran at their base. In the valleys we entered upon the lonely desolate table lands of were fields of barley; here and there we passed an Mexico ; but although uncheered by shrubbery or Indian village of thatched huts, and mules treading cultivation, we had the advantage of a good level out barley on a ground threshing-floor. Our halt road, which towards evening brought us rather for the day was at the village of Santa Isabel. Leav- suddenly upon a different scene. From the brow ing this place, our road conducted us, during the af- of the elevated plain upon which we had been ternoon, over a singular volcanic formation. As we travelling, we looked down upon an extensive approached this region, there appeared to be a lofty green valley, spread over with fields of the maguey dark wall extending across the country from the plant, from which the brandy of the country is disbase of a mountain on the left. This wall formed tilled. Immediately beneath us was the town of the boundary, or outer edge of a widely-extended | Tequila, with its houses and church domes shoolmass of craggy rocks rising some twenty feet above ing from amid groves of trees. Tequila, although the country over which they were spread. They constructed with handsome houses and regular lay, far as the eye could see, tossed into all man- streets, owed much of its effect tu distance ; for, in ner of confused shapes, like rocky waves with rag- passing through it, the appearance of the whole ged suinmits. grown black with age, and had the place was one of poverty, dilapidation, and decay. appearance of a tempest-lost sea of molten iron, Sleeping that night at the village of Amelatan, on suddenly congealed in all its wild confusion. In the following morning, (Sunday, May 10th,) under contemplating the probable force producing the a broiling sun, in clouds of dust, and amid troops phenomenon, it presents the idea of the explosion of mules, at 11 o'clock we entered the truly beauof a mountain and the masses tumbling into their tiful city of Guadalaxara, but not without seeing present disorder. By night we arrived at the something of the benighted policy, constructed to pretty town of Aguacatlan, of some five thousand facilitate robbery, and sustain a rapacious soldiery, inhabitants, having a fine plaza surrounded by the system which scarce permits an article to move shade trees, and a conspicuous church and convent. from one part of the country to another, without The porada of Aguacatlan is one of more preten- taxation. Although we had now advanced so far sion than any on the route, having a large corridor in the interior at the garita, or interior customin front, over which is announced in large letters, house, one of our inules was selected to be un“ Here may be found every convenience for persons loaded, while a slovenly epauletted fellow-some of good taste." The offices surrounding the court Mexican general or colonel, undoubiedly-overyard were each labelled, and it was very gratify- hauled the baggage to see that we were not smuging to notice over one, “Here the bread is made gling. Had we really been loaded with contraband with the greatest cleanliness." Generally the ar- articles, it would have given us no annoyance, as rangement of all these poradas is the same. The he was only stationed there to make his living by traveller is shown into a room containing a heavy taking bribes. However, we had no favors to ask, table, a bench with a high back, and some boards and did not choose to pay him to release us from in a corner-upon which to place his bedding; but the detention. in addition to this at Aguacatlan, we had a lay! Guadalaxara is a very showy city, of palace-like sala or drawing-room, furnished with mahogany houses, and enormous churches and convents, covchairs. The proprietor is undoubtedly one of those ering many squares of the city ; concealing in their spirits in advance of his age and country. On the recesses a vast population lost to life and usefulfollowing morning our route from Aguacatlan 10 ness. Flowers and gardens seenied to be a preraIstlan lay for ten or twelve miles through the most lent taste, and the verandahs or iron balconies profertile and best cultivated valley we had yet seen, jecting from the second stories were so filled with and better covered with farm houses and villages ; vases of flowers as to give along the length of elestill the cultivation is careless, antique, and barba- gant streets the appearance of hanging flower garrous, the plough in use being no more than a dens. A broad and shaded paseo extends for a sharpened log of wood. The afternoon of this day mile and a half along one side of the city, and terbrought us to the Barrancas, the wildest and most minates in a handsome rose-hedged park and garpicturesque scene on the whole route from the Pa- den. Fountains of stone and bronze, bubbling cific to the Atlantic. The barranca is a gorge sev-forth clear cold water, are seen in every direction. eral thousand feet deep, separating two ranges of But these are all remnants and splendors of the mountains, and the descent is by a zig-zag road past—the present is in strong contrast. Poverty, along the face of the left hand range, with this tre. vice, and wretchedness are its characteristics ; beg. mendous gulf on the right; the bottom of this gorge gars forming the great population of the streets, being reached, a little advance shows that we are still and the prisons thronged with criminals of the on the summit of a mountain, for another opening vilest character, and existing in the most disgust. of still greater depth appears on the left hand, the ing filth. The prison of Guadalaxara is one of the bottom of which has also to be reached ; the road most fertile recruiting stations of the army. The there continues in this deep and shady valley, along California garrison was always formed from these the banks of a rocky stream, and beneath overhang- assassins; or rather they were sent there to depreing precipices for some miles. In this wild and date with impunity upon the unoffending inbabitdifficult pass, by some capricious impulse, is seen ants, until, patience being exhausted, all Mexican the only evidence of national energy, or internal im- rule was expelled. Their offences and their expulsion came under my own observation; and but robbers had been appropriating his property; they recently a garrison of these criminals was sent to stripped him even to his suspender buckles, and Mazatlan, and it had scarcely reached there before asked what he was, where he was from, &c., conit threatened a sack of the town. Seven assassina- cluding by beating him with their swords. The tions occurred in one Mexican town during my robbers-three in number—were masked. The short residence in it, and I never heard of anything minuteness of their inquiries caused us to feel someworse happening to the criminals than being made what apprehensive, as, in case of their ascertaining soldiers of, although one of them had despatched our nationality, they might think they rendered the his third victim. At Guadalaxara, we were star- state some service by taking our lives; and consetled by receiving the Mexican account, in triumph- quently no choice was left us but to fight in case of ant and boastful language, of the capture of Cap- an attack. The Mexican servant accompanying us tain Thornton's dragoons. This intelligence placed being called in to the council, expressed his willingus in a very precarious situation. All the repre-ness and ability to handle a gun. In addition to the sentations we received being through the Mexican arms in our possession, two fowling-pieces were obpress, gave us great uneasiness as to the result of tained from the manager of the fonda ; and as it was oar interests on the frontier, notwithstanding the more than probable the robbers were from the villarge allowance we made for Mexican braggado- lage itself, and had their agents about us at this cia. Soon after the arrival of the intelligence, time, we gave some little publicity to our preparaboys were crying extras about the streets, crying tions. I discharged a Coli's pistol, and re-loaded out, “ Triumph over the North Americans." We it, in presence of this respectable public. Having determined to hurry on our way, thoagh it was in made these preparations, and arranged our plan of anxiety and gloom that we did so.

defence, we started at four in the morning, and From Guadalaxara a line of diligences runs to were upon the look-out, finger on trigger, for two Vera Cruz, and this line is worthy of all commenda- or three hours, after this our uneasiness somewhat tion. The conveyances are good Troy-built coach- subsided, and we made the day's journey safely, es; the horses and mules are in fine order, and the and to our own satisfaction, if not to that of the coachmen possess great skill and dexterity. Ori- robbers. Through most of this day the country ginally, the coachmen were all Yankees; but now was very much the same as that of yesterday ; desthey are Mexicans who have grown up on the road, titute of population, water, or any growth but the and among the coaches and horses. It is some- nopal, or prickly pear, and a few scattering acawhat amusing to notice the amalgamation they have cias. Late in the afternoon it was quite refreshmade on the Mexican costume with that of our ing to come upon a fine valley prairie, watered by coachmen or drivers. The universal Mexican se- a small stream, and covered with wheat-fields rape has given way to the box coat; but the split- ready for the harvest. Our stopping-place for the leg pantaloons hold their own, and a brightly-col-night was a town of about eight thousand inhabitored handkerchief tied over the throat and chin, ants, called Lagos, rather a neat place, with the seems a type of the woollen cravat so generally usual share of enormous churches. From Lagos worn by our drivers in cold weather. The fondas our road on the following morning continued (hotels) are regulated by a system extending along through the same beautiful prairie and waving the whole route, prescribing what shall be given, wheat-fields, upon which we had entered the preand the hours of meals, and also regulating the ceding evening, and this was the character of the charges. These rules also direct that every pas-country until our arrival in the afternoon at the senger shall be furnished with clean sheets and mining town of Guanajato. This city has a very pillow-case, which no one has used, at every lodg-picturesque situation, climbing up the sides and ing-place on the route. The hours of travel are over the summits of a range of hills ; the streets from three to four in the morning to the same hour are exceedingly intricate and precipitous. For in the afternoon.

miles before reaching the city there are a succesLeaving Guadalaxara at half-past three in the sion of immense establishments for reducing the morning, our first day's journey was over a desolate- metals from the ore. Viewed from one of the surlooking rolling table land, in many places rocky; rounding elevations, it appears as though there the soil was a stiff blue clay, here and there broken was a separate town on each hill as far as the eye by the plough and ready for corn, but the general face can see, the church crowning each summit. Here of the country was covered by a short yellow dried we sat down to table with some more unfortunate grass. The road (thanks to Nature !) was generally fellows, who had been robbed the preceding evening good; but where she had left any impediments, art in the stage approaching us. In this case there had disdained to remove them; and in some places, were eight robbers; and not feeling it to be necesfor short distances, our strongly-built coaches had sary to go far, or take much trouble in the matter, terrible encounters. Over thirty leagues of such a they robbed this stage in sight of the gates of the country, by four o'clock in the afternoon, we reached city of Quereteroma city of 20,000 inhabitants ; not the wretched little hamlet of San José, and the even taking the precaution to mask themselves; and diligence coming in the opposite direction not hav- one of the robbers on the following day, near the ing arrived, we were compelled to await its arrival door of our hotel, asked a gentleman whom he had for dinner. The delay became unusual, and the sun relieved of his purse and watch for the light of his was going down, leaving San José and the desolate cigar. No one acquainted with the country would country about it to the additional gloom of night, take the responsibility of denouncing a robber; to when the expected stage rattled into the court-yard ; do so would take nothing from his impunity, and one solitary passenger leaped from it, with his dress would insure the assassination of the informer. all loose and disordered ; his trunk being taken from Soon after leaving Guanajato, we passed from the the boot, he gave it a kick of ineffable disgust, and rugged mountain region in which it is situated to a which betrayed its lightness and emptiness. While continuation of the fertile valley upon which we we had been awaiting his arrival to dinner, he had had been the preceding day, and continued along been lying under the coach with his mouth to the this our whole day's journey of forty leagues, to ground, and a carbine at his head, and a band of the handsome city of Queretero, passing on the


way several pretty towns of five or six thousand charity is paralyzed by the consciousness of inainhabitants each. Just before reaching the town bility to relieve the mass. The comfort of the of Celayo, we fell in with a group of half-naked stranger is by no means increased by the convicpeasants, some on foot and some on donkeys, being tion that all his vigilance will not prevent his driven in by a few Mexican soldiers to form part pocket being picked in the most public places, an of the army destined for Matamoras. The stage event which happened twice to my companion in stopped one day, being Sunday, in Queretero, and one day, and twice I detected the depredator's on the first night of our arrival i he house of a curate hand in my pocket; the third time he was more nearly opposite to us was entered by a band of rob- successful. Soldiers seem an essential part o bers and stripped of all its portable valuables, with every institution of the country. If the host passes five thousand dollars in specie. Here we, for the the streets and brings the whole population to its first time, learned through a Mexican paper the knees, it is accompanied by soldiers ; if you visit name of our unfortunate dragoons, and the unhap- a peaceful scientific institution, a filthy soldier expy fate of Col. Cross.

amines your right to admission. He is, however, As an evidence of the facilities of Mexican cir- an appropriate sentinel ; for scientific institutions ilization in this handsome and populous city of with high-sounding names, upon being entered Queretero, having occasion to receive six cents in display nothing but disorder, neglect, and filth; change, I was coinpelled to take it in four cakes they indicate a people degenerating into the darkof white soap, the common currency of the coun- ness, without the energy of barbarism. The state try. Before leaving this city on Mouday morning, of general ignorance may be imagined when those we called a council of war to determine whether who ought to be the receptacles of knowledge are we should defend ourselves or yield, in case of an among the most ignorant. Standing near a Franattack. There were eight of us, but one was a ciscan friar, in the museum, examining a model priest, the other an old inan of seventy, two were representing a section of the mines, the good invalids, and none would entertain for a moment father contemplated it with great earnestness, and the question of war. They had no arms; we graciously informed me that it was a kind of reptherefore laid ours aside and determined to submit resentation of the birth of our Saviour. quietly to any fate. We fortunately entered Mex- Upon our arrival in the city we were naturally ico on the evening of the second day from Quere- anxious to learn something of the state of affairs tero without any interruption. On the night be on the frontier ; but at first could learn nothing but fore our arrival in the city we put up at an anti- the probability that an action had taken place : quated and prison-like fonda, the court-yard of then that it had been fatal to us : finally, the truth which was uccupied by part of a company of began to leak out, and we learned that the Mexisoldiers, and a machine on wheels which greatly can arms had sustained a defeat. No public proexcited the curiosity and attention of our compan- mulgation was made of this state of affairs, and ions. A glance at it was only necessary to discover long after the government was apprized of the that it was a camp forge ; for there were the bel- truth, the news-boys were crying among the delows and the anvil. But a particularly luminous luded people the triumph of the Mexican arıns. Mexican explained to the whole party that it was! The press, of course, dared publish nothing that a "bomba"-a bomb carriage for the destruction Parades did not approve. of us North Americans.

On the day of my departure from Mexico, (May I shall not, in a flying tour of this kind, under- 27,) the Mexican Congress was about to meet. It take a description of the oft-described city of is, however, a burlesque to call it a Congress of Mexico, or the emotions with which a stranger the nation, being a body selected from the clergy enters a place which has been alternately the capi. and military chiefly, originally couvened for the tal of the Montezumas, the capital of Cortez, and purpose of confirming the usurpation of Paredes. the theatre where one military chief has contended Some of the departments could not be coerced into with another, not for the honor of his country, but sending deputies, and several of the deputies sent for the possession of the returns of the custom made strenuous efforts to avoid the responsibilities house.

of their position, knowing that at this time they Mexico is indisputably a magnificent city ; but could not much longer bolster up Paredes. as Madame Calderon justly remarks, its elegant It is difficult to conceive what is the proper remhouses, without having the dignity of ruins, induce edy for the present disorders of Mexico. With a the impression of fire buildings in a state of nego population of eight millions, seven are of the poor, lect. One accustomed to a different state of oppressed, humble, and submissive Indian race, things, walks the elegant streets of Mexico with the victims of all changes, and the feeling of feelings of melancholy and disgust, at finding him despair and melancholy has impressed itself upon self amid throngs of epauleted and laced soldiers, the countenances of even the children. The other in a mingled attire of decoration and dirt ; and million is the Mexico-Spanish blood, from which crowds of the most revolting beggars of every age are taken the clergy, the twenty thousand soldiers, from infancy to decrepitude. This disgusting and the twenty thousand officers, most of whom spectacle accompanies the traveller across the are left to pay themselves in any way they can. whole stage route of Mexico. The coach cannot It is evident that this population wants the intelstop for a moment without being surrounded by lectual and moral basis opon which to form a gorthese wretched objects, displaying their disgusting ernment. infirmities and uttering piteous moans. At one Sympathy with Mexico, in relation to her conpoint they start off with the stage; children, young! quest is a sympathy undenied by Mexicans whose girls, and men, old women with infants on their interests are those of peace and order ; indeed, to backs, and with their hands pressed together, desire the introduction of any influence opposed to uttering a continued moan. With marvellous principles of rapine and revolution, becomes the speed they keep up with the coach for near a mile. part of patriotism; for Mexico is now the subject Sensibility becomes blunted by the continued con- of other powers by principles as strong as those templation of disease and wretchedness, while of arms. All her resources are in the hands of

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