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To achieve an end with that unfortunate poly.
poid animal, the public, is of course the real intenThe withering ridicule bestowed by Horace upon tion of these breaches of the fifth commandment. literary imitators in his one emphatic appellative, The public, to do it justice, means well and dreams “ servile herd," has been repeated times without not of evil. But this just the more lays it open to number, and the veriest tyro is now aware that be practised upon by the fraternity of imitators. theirs is, of all the sins of composition, the great. The public wishes to be shaved ; it has heard of est. Birt since Horace's time, an entirely new a clever artist in that line near the Blue Posts ; it kind of literary imitation has come upon the field, seeks the shop according to a description it has one in which publishers are primarily, and in got, and blunders into one of four exactly imitative general authors only secondarily, concerned. It barbers' tabernacles which hare been got up by consists in the presentment of works in direct imi- the side of the meritorious original. The poblic tation of others which, whether from their origi- has heard of an amazingly clever cork-screw, which nality and merit, or from their aptly subserving whips corks out of bottles as it were by magic, and some public need, have met with success. The it goes to provide itself with the admirable instruwritings of Swift and Pope tell us of a branch of ment: it does not get the genuine screw, but one " the trade” devoted to this business early in the made by a man with a similar name, and who, last century, with Edward Curl for its most emi- being a numskull, gives his wares only an appearnent professor. But it has, in our time, reached a ance, but not the reality, of their pretended virtues. magnitude, compared with which its early history Again, the public is anxious to get a certain pill, is as mewling infancy to a Hercules' manhood. in which it has been taught, froin its youth op, to It is now absolutely impossible for the slightest place reliance : it sends for a three-shillings-andoriginality to be shown in any of the forms of sixpence box, and is supplied with a base imitation, paper and print, but it is immediately run upon by loudly proclaiming on its cover, “ Be sure to ask scores of the bibliopolic pecus, and tossed and for ihe true-blue antibilious pill, prepared by gored into a thousand deformations.
- - " Thus is the public imposed upon in There is a vast number of grades in this imita- literature also. To every favorite work which it tive power-altogether apart, it must be under- may desire, it has to make its way through an ecstood, from respectable efforts in the line of fair tangling brushwood of similative works, all pretendcompetition from him who can get up a similative ing to be the true work in the first place; and in novel or periodical, down to the poor serf who the second, if the first trick fail, to be better. Every limits his efforts to the counterfeiting of a clever now and then its attention is attracted by a pro book-cover. It is, however, all one thing in its spectus which will not be overlooked; for go ultimate character--an effort to come in for a share where the public will, there is the portentous anof the benefits which some wits of a happier kind nouncemeni. Well, the public reads the advertiseare supposed to derive from their originality. One ment, and (we shall suppose the thing referred to cannot but be somewhat amused in contemplating is a newspaper) not being behind the scenes in the proceedings of these dullards. Their private ra- such matters, it yields a kind of credence to the tiocinations are of course simple enough : “ There tale which it is told-as to interests of its own to are Smart and Spritely-understood to make a be advanced, and so forth. It purchases; it reads ; capital thing by that magazine of theirs ; can't we half-recollecting all the time that there were rery get up something of the same kind, and take a tolerable publications of that kind before, even to share of their profits?” Here is the real principle the minutest specialty of character; rather hazy, of action; but of course the public must be told however, about the fact ; always looking for the something else. A prospectus accordingly de- out come of the great promise—when is the fun to plores the absence of a certain desirable character begin? Why, after all, the old work was just as in all existing periodicals. They are too utilitarian, good, or rather better. What is the meaning of and do not address themselves sufficiently to the all this? Only, dear public, that a certain worthy feelings; or perhaps they are too sentimental, and person, who could not start an idea of his own, got do not condescend sufficiently to the affairs of com- up behind another man's idea, and tried all he mon life. Anything will do that may serve to could to oust him from the possession of his own mask the real object--that of draining away a por- vehicle. There is nothing else in the whole tion of the patronage bestowed upon Smart and matter. But only thou, silly public that thou art, Spritely. Sometimes even a lone of censure is couldst never see it. assumed towards the parent works. They are It is melancholy, too, this desperate struggle to misleading guides : much need has the poor pub- get bread reft from each other's mouths. It is not lic to be rescued from them. Here is the pure all slavish meanness of soul. Often there is ingeand clean tuber at last! An instance could actu- nuity of no inconsiderable amount expended in getally be shown of this kind of swagger being as- ting up a passable imitative work. Often wondersumed, where the extreme meanness had been ful sacrifices of capital and labor are made to thrust descended to of stealing part of the name, as well the secondary work into the saddle of its primary. as imitating the form, of the work rivalled. What It was lately stated that an imitative weekly newsan odd idea-pretending to a superior virtue over paper had caused an outlay of twenty thousand the publication for which it was willing to be mis-pounds, the return of which was one of the taken! But such is the nature of the herd in gene- remotest of contingencies. What heroisms these ral. Capable of the sneakery of a direct imitation, I are in their way !-perverted, misapplied, yet still they seem to be capable of any inconsistency in heroisms-elements in what might, associated with working it out. Hence all the progeny of success- purer elements than acquisitiveness for self and ful works are more or less parricidal in their tone. partners, constitute great characters. One could The parent is astonished to find twenty images of almost weep over human nature thrown into posihimself putting on a hostile frown against him, tions so wretchedly false, and the redemption from and that faults and failings in his character, which which secms, for the present at least, so hopeless. the world never could see, are at length detected - Chambers. and exposed by his own children.
From Fraser's Magazine.
Spring-time-season sad and drear,
Once the gayest of the year,
I am altered e'en as thou! Hour by hour the dreary day
Pain hath left upon my brow Slowly, sadly wore away;
Shadows that may ne'er depart; Heavy drops of ceaseless rain
Care hath brooded at my heart, Beating 'gainst the window-pane ;
Till I feel I cannot be Bitter winds with gusty sound
E'er again in spirit free. Mournfully were wailing round,
Now I have no spells to raise Till at last the outward gloom
Thoughts that cheer'd my brighter days; Seemed to fill my quiet room,
Other visions life hath brought, And I looked with tearful eyes
Sadder lore than once I sought." Upward to the weeping skies.
Thus, in lonely hour. I said, Now and then a few quick feet
Half believing joy had fled, Passed along the village street,
And my own bright hopes were dead. Now and then a child's shrill cry
Suddenly, while still I spoke, Mingled with the wind's deep sigh.
Blithest music near me woke, Many a thought of other days
Piercing through the gloomy air, Fairer scenes and brighter Mays.
Like a voice of praise and prayer. Filled my discontented heart :
Though the wind blew loud and shrill, I, who oft had taken part
Yet it had not power to chill In the gladness of the spring ;
Gladness such as filled that strain ; I, whose joy it was to sing
And the shower beat in vain Of the earth's awakening
Round the prison, where had birth From her ice-bound wintry sleep,
Those rich sounds of dauntless mirth. Now could only pine and weep,
Well I knew the strains I heard For my soul grew faint and dull,
Came from an imprisoned bird, Longing for the beautiful.
One whose nature was to cleave
Freest air from morn till eve, “Spring was wont of old,” I said,
Prone to greet with fearless wing “ Blessings on my path to shed.
Sunshine and the breath of spring. Once her skies were all serene,
Yet, though men had done him wrong, All her fields of richest green,
Still arose his cheerful song; All her flowers of loveliest sheen.
Still, although the clouds were dark, Then the hidden cuckoo sang,
Wildly sang that captive lark. Till the leafy greenwood rang
Quickly faded the distress With his lay, and thousands more
Of mine hours of loneliness. Sounding till the day was o'er ;
Near me seemed to pass once more Nor were even hushed at night
Lovely things I'd seen of yore; Songs and echoes of delight.
Sense of all the love and joy Then, where'er my feet might tread,
Time and change could ne'er destroy. Starlike flowers were gaily spread :
Thoughts of eyes whose loving light Studded were the banks and fields
Still could make my dwelling bright, With the primrose' yellow shields,
O'er my spirit rushed again, Cowslip-bells and violets small
At the bidding of that strain : Blossomed ere the grass was tall,
And my humbled head I bent, And the murmur of the bee
Heedful of the lesson sent
To rebuke my discontent.
Brightly falls the sunshine now
On each blossom-laden bough. Like a dream of joy, flew by,
Every moss-grown apple-tree Or awhile in quiet hung
Is a lovely sight to see, Where the tufted harebells swung,
With its bloom in clusters fair All of old was bright and glad,
Opening to the sunny air. Now, alas! how changed and sad!
Breezes, stealing round about, Now the skies are cold and grey,
Shake the hidden fragrance out, And throughout the live-long day,
Flinging on the ground below Prisoned in my room, I hear
Frequent showers of mimic snow. Not a sound of joyous cheer
Gleains of purest white are seen Nothing but the ceaseless rain
'Mid the chestnut's tufts of green ; Beating 'gainst the window-pane,
Pyramids of pearly flowers And the wind, with hollow tone,
Peeping from their thick-leaved bowers. Round my dwellng making moan.
'Mong the boughs light breezes pass, Few and pale the leaves I see
And the shadows on the grass Budding on yon chestnut-tree.
Move the while like living things ; Here and there, within the bound
Many a pendent blossom swings Of my plot of garden-ground,
From a lofty sycamore, Some stray flower of fairest dye
And along the turfy floor Half unveils its timid eye,
Thick the lowly daisies beam; Till the storm-blast, rushing by,
King-cups shed a golden gleain Blights its charms, but half-revealed,
O’er the meadows near the stream. And its early doom is sealed.
Proud, and beautiful, and strong
Still the river sweeps along.
| lurked there ; and now we have them out, conHere and there a pleasant shade
verting old obstructors into most efficient auxiliaElm or hawthorn-bough hath made, ries in the progress of opinion. Or the willow's streamers gay
To the worst class of personalities the protecThrow their shadow on its way:
tionists stuck with a pertinacity that would have Beauty more than gloom they shed
been amusing if it had not been repulsive. Sir O'er the river's sunlit bed.
Robert Peel and his misdeeds were the main obSwallows in their merry flight
ject of their diatribes; but the League came in for Haunt the stream from morn till night. à share, with the imputation of all sorts of bad moGracefully as fairy boat
tives and evil designs. The Duke of Richmond On a magic lake might float,
abandoned himself as thoroughly as any speaker to Now and then a milk-white swan
vituperation; and, with more or less coarseness or In his stately joy moves on.
delicacy, all who followed on his side made the Yet though spring's rich beauty glow question hinge on the personal part of the affair. As it did long years ago,
Even the venerable and diplomatic Lord AshburI am but a captive still
ton, though statistical, was also personal. Lord With an oft-impatient will :
Stanley's speech, pronounced by eulogists to be But whene'er my heart is fain,
his masterpiece, was no exception. Composed In its weakness to complain,
with all the skill that his natural cleverness and Hark! for once again I hear
parliamentary practice could command, and comBlithest music, rising clear
prising all the points and commonplaces of the subFrom that other captive near.
ject, it did not contain one new idea-it placed Little of the sky he sees,
nothing in a new light. But it reänimated the Little of the flowers and trees;
dead, recalled the forgotten, reproduced the abanLittle he was used to rove,
doned ; tricked them out in rhetoric that pleased Houses round him and above !
the ear; and with the nice tact of a true speaking Yet upon the sod he stands
artist, touched very tenderly the frail topics that (Laid, perchance, by kindly hands
shunned the grasp of masculine reasoning and the On his prison-floor) and sings,
light of exposure. The "great speech" was conE'en as if his folded wings
structed as much as possible to inflict pain. In Still were free to range at will
some of the most studied passages, personal maHigher than the highest hill.
lignity towards Sir Robert Peel seemed to inspire And again my heart will heed
every word. The assault, indeed, was clothed in This sweet lesson in its need ;
decorous language, but not disguised ; and when And in other's bliss rejoice,
he, most untruly, described “his right honorable Bidden by that captive's voice.
friend" as mistaking clamor for the deep still flow May, 1815. .
of public opinion, he but echoed in more courteous phrase the Duke of Richmond's imputation of in
competency and cowardice. The reason for this From the Spectator, 30 May.
position of Lord Stanley is explained by the seTHE DEBATE IN THE LORDS, ON THE corn quence of facts. Lord Stanley was not felicitous
in the administration of colonial affairs; he was BILL.
virtually set aside in the New Zealand business, The debate lasted three long nights. With silenced when he would have given tongue, and fewer speeches, more elaborate preparation, a "pitchforked" into the house of lords, not as progreater stateliness of manner, and less unmeasured motion, but as a way of shelving him; and the serudeness in decorum than in the commons, the ries of significant facts is crowned by the outburst progress of the discussion has not fulfilled the of this speech. His object in it seems to have Duke of Richmond's promise, that after the first been to emulate, to outdo Mr. Disraeli. His stastage personalities should be allogether avoided. tistics were similar, but not quite so wild : foreign The Earl of Ripon, who led the debate, began it, corn, for instance, is to come in under the new bill in no unworthy spirit however, with personal mal- at 40s., instead of 358.; and the quantity, three ters: he made a great point of exonerating him- years hence, is to be not indefinite, but 5,000,000 self from the imputation of inconsistency. Je, it of quarters. His language also was more subseems, the introducer of the corn-law of 1815, was dued-more " genteel”-in manner : but not in even at that time in the main opposed to any corn- spirit. Mr. Disraeli never attained office, and asJaw at all: and he assented, not on the score of sails Sir Robert Peel: Lord Stanley has lost of " protection to nalive industry,” but “independ- fice, and assails Sir Robert Peel. The Disraeli of ence of foreign countries." So likewise the Earl the lords is as clearly a disappointed man as his of Haddington, it now turns out, has long ayow- prototype in the commons. The single new fact edly changed his mind on the subject of protection. in Lord Stanley's speech, if it is new, was the It is easy to sneer at these avowals and ireat them confession that in Sir Robert Peel's cabinet he as insincere: there is every reason to believe them was quite alone in resisting the proposal to abolish quite sincere. Had these peers possessed a mere the corn laws. Lord Haddington appears to have ambition for place, they might have whistled off been at first a supposed companion in dissent; but Sir Robert Peel, and, by strengthening Lord Stan- he was really as hearty in assent as any. Of all ley, have prepared a new way to office; for, thus the leading men in the conservative party, theresupported, his prospect would have been very dif- fore, Lord Stanley is the only one who deserts the ferent from what it now is. But, whatever the onward policy of Sir Robert Peel. motive that actuates them, the effect is plain : Sir Personalities also formed a prominent feature in Robert Peel's advance in the direction of free some whig speeches. The party held a meeting trade has induced an extraordinary move among at Landsdowne House on Saturday, and agreed to the quondam tories: free-traders, it appears, act in a body as supporters of the bill. It is evident that without some such restraint Lord Nor-1 of the way before the whig reäccession. Hence manby would have been one to mutilate the mea- the magnanimity. We are glad to see the whigs sure. He talked of the fixed duty; strayed some- take so intelligent a view of iheir own interests. how to the subject of sanatory improvements ; puz- Another astute move by the premier-proximate zled about house-rents in town and country ; is on the sugar-duties. Lord John Russell has reseemed to regret that Sir Robert Peel should be corded his intention to abolish the differential duthe man to introduce so good a measure ; and fin-ties. Luckily for that whig advance, Mr. Hume, ished by saying that he should support it. Lord at the instance of the minister, has waived his resNormanby vacillates between his patriotism and /olutions on the West Indies. The less done in his party ties : he is evidently a man of the past. that behalf before Lord John enters the field, the Lord Clarendon's masterly speech shows him to better for him. This notice of Lord John's is his be a man of the present-one who can command" London letter” of the sugar-duties. Under difevents. He forgot faction and old feuds, and ap- ferent circumstances, it might, indeed, have the peared as a leading man in the party of those who awkward effect of making Sir Robert Peel attend have for their sole object the service of the coun-10 the subject himself; in which case, Lord John's try. Less showy than Lord Stanley's speech, embryo scheme would probably be superseded Lord Clarendon's outlives it: there is between the by one more comprehensive and thoroughgoing. two all the difference between the real and the un- But the chances are in his favor, as Sir Robert's real; and Lord Clarendon will probably be work- hands are full. He will probably not have time to ing officially as a statesman when Lord Stanley is overcome the "split in the cabinet” on the sugar forgotten as an orator. Another whig, if so he question, before the opportunity is gone. Whig can be called, that deserved well, is Earl Grey ; prospects, therefore, are looking up. who spoke at the opening of the third night. He did not enter at all into the party questions, but
THE PORTUGUESE JEWS. did good and laborious service in exposing Lord Stanley's tissue of glittering hollowness ; picking "The Portuguese nation,” says the Duchess to pieces his arguments, confuting his facts, rub- of Abrantes, “is three parts Jewish.” Obliged bing off his glosses. Lord Stanley had a Liver- to conform outwardly to the Church of Rome, so pool correspondent, whose letter be read obviously strong was their attachment to the religion of their because it contained abuse of Sir Robert Peel : ancestors, that the government, through motives Lord Grey also had a Liverpool correspondent, of policy, was obliged from time to time to acwho utterly refuted Lord Stanley's statistics, with knowledge the existence of the feeling; and at his terrible prophecies of exhaustless supplies to length by an edict, in the year 1773, allowed the swamp the British corn-market.
children of Moses to hold their festival-relieved The third night, and the debales were wound up them from taxes levied on them as Jewsmand by the Duke of Wellington, in a speech of charac- made honorable mention by name of certain offiteristic brevity, plainness, and directness-worth,cers of state who were Jews, yet had been primo at that stage, volumes of argumentation. He ministers and treasurers, and finally declared that forcibly set forth the political necessity under which the blood of the Hebrews is the blood of our he and his colleagues acted : he warned the house apostles, our deacons, our presbyters, and our against the suicidal impolicy of endeavoring to brave bishops." the crown and the popular branch of the legisla- Prior, however, to this act of toleration, the ture. Recurring to personalities, he shadowed flames of the Autos de Fe, and the dungeons of the forth a fine sentiment; his position is peculiar; if Inquisition, had, by the terror they inspired, driven he has rendered public services, have they not from their homes great numbers of the Portuguese been strikingly acknowledged ? the favors con- Jews. These, generally speaking, fled to Engferred upon him by crown and country have re- land and Holland. They were composed of all moved him from party-he owes higher obliga- ranks-noblemen, officers, learned physicians and tions. Most nobly spoken: and well has he ful- opulent merchants ;-many carried with them great filled those obligations now, not perhaps without wealth, and there were individuals who maintained some sacrifice of associations and predilections. in England a ducal establishment. The first He hinted, too, that this perhaps was the last oc- names of the Portuguese nation may still be traced casion on which he might tender his advice. On among their present descendants, who occupy very the whole, the great captain's admirable address different situations. The Villa Reals, the Alvawas calculated to bring back the peers to the com- rez, the Mendez, the Francos, the Rebellos, the mon sense of the question, and to the higher views De Salvas, the Garcias, the D’Aguilans, the Souwhich had at times been forgotten. It fitly ush- zas, the De Castros, the Salvadors, and a long list, ered in the triumph of the popular measure; whose betray their Lusitanian lineage. march has been signalized, not by clamor and out. These distinguished persons constituted for rage, but by the deliberate concurrence of all par- many years what is called the community of Spanties save one in a national act.
ish and Portuguese Jews of London. The nobler Incidentally connected with these movements of families who brought wealth, assumed their rank party, is the conduct of Lord John Russell; which in society. The mercantile class opened new has been more creditable in the way of leadership sources of commerce-many of their physicians than it had hitherto seemed. To him is the merit have obtained great practice in England ; and imputed of convening the whig peers at Lands- Jews have excelled in that science from remote downe House, to keep thein in order for the task ages. of passing the bill. There might be a sharp eye The Portuguese Jews of London could never to self-interest in his doing so. As Ireland was drop their national characteristic; they were reSir Robert Peel's “ difficulty," the corn bill was markable for their haughtiness, their high sense Lord John's : he was bound to pass it, but wanted of honor, and their stately manners. Subsequentstrength for the Herculean labor : it was of vital ly, Jewish emigrants flocked from Germany, Poimportance that Sir Robert Peel should get it out land and Barbary, a race in every respect of infe
CXIV. LIVING AGE. VOL. X.
rior rank. The Portuguse shrank from all contact understood and misrepresented. An examination with them ; different synagogurs separated them ; of the field and the materials at his disposal afterand the Lusitanian Jew would rather have returned wards changed this design; and he resolved to exto the fires of Lisbon than have intermarried with bibit as much of the history and politics of certain the Jew of Alsace or Warsaw. The latter was periods connected with Mr. Wolcott's life as the humiliated by indigence, and pursued the meanest nature and extent of these papers seemed to war and not unfrequently the most disreputable crafis. rant; in the hope that some light (if only a few The former, opulent and high-minded, indolent, rays, so that they were distinct ones) might be shed polished and luxurious, splendid in dress and equi- upon the path through which, as a nation, we have page, felt himself disgraced by the beard and gab- travelled. The life of the individual has therefore ardine of the Polander.
been made subservient to a wider design-the conAs the property of the Jews was formerly en- tribution of materials for a biography of party. tirely personal, and they were prohibited from Whether the alteration has been a wise one, so far holding real estate, the wealth of Jewish families, as success is concerned, the judgment of others it has been observed, never outlasted two genera- must decide. Written with discrimination, a metions. This has been the fate of the Portuguese moir of Mr. Wolcott would have possessed interest Jews. By the chances and changes of fortune, as that of a man having strong personal charactersome of the German Jews emerged from their istics, and at the same tine presenting the type of lowly state-skilled in the arts and the artifices of a class. The attempi, if unsuccessful, would at finance, and the wealth of the Jewish nation is de- any rate have involved less disgrace in its quiet picted in their coffers; and these northern Jews descent to that respectable oblivion whither so are even courted by the humble descendants of many have preceded it. He has, however, ventheir haughty Portuguese brethren.
tured upon a different task, with little expectation, Before leaving the subject, it may be stated for it is true, of producing a work of historical merit. the information of the curious, that at the time of but (nor is the distinction a paradox) with tbat of the first great expulsion of the Jews from Spain, offering one of historical value. It pretends to no fifty thousand families were driven into Portugal. perspective of narration-there has been no attempt of these, those whose fathers had received hap- to treat of its subjects in their relative proportions. tism, were known as Christianos noros; they were Importance has sometimes produced enlargementnumerous, and secretly Judaized. Under the ad- abundance of material or novelty much oftener. ministration of the great Pombal, the priests per. He has considered at all times the matter introsuaded King Joseph to renew that badge of Juda. duced as possessing the chief importance, and his ism, the yellow hat, to mark the Christianos noros own comments or details merely secondary; he has among his subjects. The edict was prepared; therefore preserved and presented that matter with Pombal the next morning appeared before his ma- scrupulous fidelity, nothing having been kept back jesty with three yellow hats; one he offered to which affected the subject in hand, or which canthe king, one to the grand inquisitor, and put the dor, fairness, or its necessity to the whole trnth 'third on his own head, saying, "I obey your majes- required to be exhibited. He has not, indeed, conty's order, in providing these badges, to be worn sidered it necessary to cumber a work, perhaps by those whose blood has been tainted by Juda- injudiciously expanded, by all the domestic and ism."- Genius of Judaism.
business details of private correspondence or with multiplied repetitions of the same ideas; he has,
therefore, in some instances, as will be seen in the POLITICAL HISTORY.
work itself, furnished only extracts from corte“ Memoirs of the Administrations of Washing- spondence; but no suppressions have been made of ton and John Adams, edited from the papers of political matter-Do opinions or remarks have been Oliver Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury, by withheld as injudicious or censurable. In one George Gibbs," is the title of a work in two large word, he has neither garbled anything which he octavos, just published. We announce the publi- has pretended to insert, nor kepi back anything *cation, without having read a page of the work be- which he thought worth inserting. In the openyond the preface, anticipating instruction, and a ness of friendly intercourse, men say and write revival of historical recollections from its future much that they would not justify to their own perusal. The character of the work may be infer- minds; no sensible reader, however, but can make Ted from the preface, which is annexed entire, and these allowances. Men are to be judged not by a which will be admired for its honest and sturdy single and perhaps a foating thought, but by the straight-forwardness :
tenor of their ordinary language and the sum of " Vo writer probably ever escaped criticism hy their whole lives. The squeamishness which deprecating it. Least of all can one claim an would present a statesman, a thinker, or a writer, exemption who has awakened anew, quarrels which, ever with his best foot foremost, is contemptible in if not forgotten, have been suffered to slumber, and itself, and manifests a distrust of the subject. With Tenewed a warfare which had slackened in its these views he has, preferring that to the opposite animosity. The editor of these volumes certainly error, perhaps admitted matter which good taste can claim no favor as a right, and solicits none in would have wished to exclude. mercy. He has ventured to put his case on the “Of the great mass of correspondence preserved merits, and must stand or fall by them.
hy Mr. Wolcott, difficulty has been experienced in "One thing only he would say, and that some-I deciding what to reject. There were many letters what perhaps in the style of the painter who label interesting to readers in a particular section of the led his animals lest they should be mistaken. It is, country, which would not prove so to all; there to explain the design on which he has proceeded. were others valuable only as showing the unanimiHis first intention was merely to produce a bio- ty, or difference of opinion on public measures in graphical sketch of an honored parent, whose ser- distant states ; there were some merely curious as rices he believed entitled him to such commemora- illustrating the character of individuals. To throw tion, and whose actions he conceived had been mis- aside all these would give to the work an incom