stand between the three Kingdoms, France, England, and Spain; MS. in the Harleian library. (xxxviii. B. 3.)

“ A Dialogue between a Jesuit and a Recu. sånt, shewing how dangerous are their Principles to Christian Princes; No. iii. of Genu. ine Remains of Sir Walter Ralegh, subjoined

an abridgment of his History of the World, by Philip Ralegh, Esq. only grandson to sir Walter, 8vo, 1700.

“ A Discourse of the words Law and Right; MS. in the Ashmolean library.

A Treatise of the Soul ; MS. in the same library.

“ A Treatise of Mines, and the Trials of Minerals; MS. noticed by Anthony Wood.

“ A Collection of Chemical and Medicinal Receipts; MS, in the British Museum. (See Ayscough's Catalogue, p. 492, No. 359.)

“ A Discourse of the Spaniards' Cruelties to the English in Havanna; MS. formerly in the collection of Henry, earl of Clarendon.

“ A Treatise of the Art of War by Sea; referred to, as unfinished, in the History of the World, (Lib. v. chap. 1, sect. 6, but not known either in print or MS.

" A Discourse of a Maritimal Voyage, and the passages and incidents therein, addressed to Prince Henry, referred to in the Observations concerning the Royal Navy and Sea Service, but not known either in print or MS.

“ Certain publications not entitled to a place in the above list, yet to which sir Walter's name hath been appended, are noticed here. Such are

A Notable and Memorable Story of the cruel war between the Carthagenians' and their own Mercenaries, 4to, 1647; a republication of the History of the World. Lib. v. chap. 9, ốc.

“ War with Foreign Princes Dangerous, 8vo, 165—, by sir Robert Cotton; to which a head of sir Walter was at first improperly prefixed.

“ The Dutiful Advice of a Loving Son to his aged Father; printed in Ralegh’s Remains, as written by him, but more probably a libel upon him by one of his enemies. (See Birch's Works of Ralegh, Prolegomena, p. 105.)

“ The Life and Death of Mahomet, the

Conquest of Spain, together with the Rising and Ruin of the Saracen Empire, 12mo, 1637; an abstract, or translation of an abstract made in Spanish, of Part I, Book i, and Part II, Book i, of Miguel de Luna's History of the Loss of Spain, pretended to be translated from the Arabic of Abulcacim Tarif Abentarique.”

Such were the literary labours of this wonderful man. For extent of knowledge and variety of talent, he was undoubtedly the first man of his age. His writings are full of thought, as will readily be believed from the specimens I have inserted. But I am afraid, that he was too obviously conscious of his superiority, and hence fell a victim to that hate which envy inspired.


JOHN LILLY was born in the Weald of Kent, about the year 1553. At the age of 16, he entered at Magdalene College, Oxford, and in 1573, and 1575, took his degrees in arts. In the university, he distinguished himself as a wit and a poet, rather than by his attention to the more grave and academical studies of logic and philosophy.

Having, as he informs us, received some ill treatment from Oxford, he afterwards removed to Cambridge.

In 1579, we find him at court, and a favourite with the great, through whose interest he was recommended to queen Elizabeth, who · honoured the performance of several of his Comedies with her presence. Scarcely any

other particulars of his life are known; except that, he himself intimates he was ten years a public reader in one of the universities, which, from the silence of Wood, the Oxford antiquary, we may infer was Cambridge. We are not informed even of the time of his death; and Wood only expresses his belief that he was alive when his last comedy was published, which was in 1597.

The only known prose composition extant of Lilly, is a work divided into two parts, of which the first is entitled, “ Euphues,” the second, “ Euphues and his England.” The designed tendency of the book is moral; and treats of the duties and likewise of the errors of the parent, the child, the student, the traveller, the philosopher, the divine, the courtier, and the contemplative or retired man. He is very severe too against the follies and faults of the ladies; and satyrises with keenness the libertine manners of the universities. He chooses, as the vehicle of his satyr and of his moral instructions, a fictitious story. Euphues is a young Athenian of birth and fortune, distinguished for the beauty of his person, for his wit, his amorous temperament, and roving disposition. While on his travels at

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