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put to death by order from the lord lieutenant. It was at this period he became acquainted with Spenser, (as before mentioned) then secretary to lord Grey.

About the year 1582, he was admitted to court, and employed soon after in several embassies. A patent was granted him by her majesty, in 1584, for himself, his heirs and assigns, to discover “ such remote heathen and barbarous lands, not actually possessed by any christian prince, nor inhabited by christian people, , as to him or them should seem good," and to hold the same with all prerogatives, commodities, jurisdictions, royalties, privileges, &c. Two ships were soon after fitted out for an American voyage, by the direction, as some say, at the expence, of Ralegh. In this voyage, part of Virginia was discovered, of which an account was written by one of the captains (Barlowe) to Ralegh, who laid it before Elizabeth.

In the approaching sessions of parliament, 1584, he was elected, in company with sir William Courtenay, one of the knights of the shire for the county of Devon, and about the same time received the honour of knighthood.

Early in 1583, sir Walter projected a second voyage to Virginia, and seven sail were got ready for sea, with a hundred men aboard, with the design of colonizing the country; but the expedition failed through an unlucky accident.

On the quelling of the Munster rebellion, the extensive territories of the earl of Desmond were forfeited to the crown. The for feiture consisted in the whole of 574,000 acres, of which Ralegh obtained 12,000, and which he planted at his own expence. This estate he sold, at the close of the queen's reign, to Richard Boyle, afterwards earl of Cork, and which was the foundation of that family's fortune. He was next appointed, by her majesty, seneschal of the duchies of Cornwall and Exeter, and lord-warden of the Stannaries, in Devonshire and Cornwall; and in 1586, received the additional honour of being appointed captain of the guard, as also lieutenant-general of the county of Cornwall. The year following, he obtained a grant of the lands of Anthony Babington, the leader of the conspiracy in favour of Mary queen of Scots.

About this time also, he was preparing to replace his unsuccessful colony in Virginia, by a new one, consisting of 150 men under the command of Mr. John White, appointed governor, and twelve assistants, to whom he gave a charter, and incorporated them under the firm-" Governor and Assistants of the city of Ralegh, in Virginia.” This was the fourth voyage to thạt country, a third having been fruitless, in consequence of the failure of the first.

In 1587, we find the name of Ralegh in the council of war, called November 27th, for putting the forces of the realm in the best posture of defence against the celebrated armada. He was also of the number of those who equipped vessels at their own charge, to reinforce the fleet. In addition to his other honours, he was one of the gentlemen of her majesty's privy chamber.

Of Virginia he had hitherto been the sole proprietor; but finding his difficulties grow upon him, having expended 40,0001. upon the project, he assigned over, in 1589, to a company of gentlemen and merchants of London, the right of continuing the plantation with English subjects, reserving to himself only the fifth part of all gold and silver ore.

One re

markable consequence of these voyages was, that some of the returning settlers first brought tobacco into England, on the 27th of July, 1586.

After the defeat of the Spanish armada, Ralegh was among the 20,000 volunteers who joined in the unsuccessful enterprise to place Don Antonio on the Crown of Portugal; in consideration of which, he, with the principal of the adventurers, was honoured by the queen with a golden chain. But shortly afterwards he incurred her majesty's displeasure, from what cause is not distinctly known, though the jealousy of Essex is supposed to have had a share in it. He was sent, or rather banished to Ireland, where he visited Spenser at his house of Kilcolman; and whom, on his return and reconciliation, he introduced to Elizabeth. Ralegh succeeded sir Philip Sidney as the elevating friend of Spenser,

Having formed a design against the Spaniards in the West-Indies, particularly at Panama, with a view of intercepting the platefleet, the queen gave him a commission as general of the fleet equipped for this purpose, consisting of thirteen ships and two men of war, which sailed in February, 1591-2. Sir

Walter had scarcely put to sea, when he was overtaken by letters from the queen, containing his recall. But conceiving his honour concerned in the enterprise, he interpreted the letters with latitude, and proceeded. He returned, however, without accomplishing the prime object of his voyage ; and now incurred the queen's displeasure on account of an amour with Elizabeth, the beautiful daughter of sir Nicholas Throgmorton, and one of the maids of honour to the queen. Both parties were confined to the Tower for nearly a year; and the knight repaired his transgression by a successful offer of his hand.

In 1593-4, he obtained from her majesty the castle and manor of Sherborne. Here he matured the plan of his first voyage to Guiana-a voyage which is memorable in his history, as it was eventually the cause of his destruction. This expedition, of which he wrote a copious account, he attended in person; and probably returned to England late in the summer of 1595. In 1600, the government of Jersey was conferred upon him, with a grant of the manor and lordship. of St. Germain, in the same island, and all the lands and tenements therein.

But the fortune of Ralegh fell with the death

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