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Lords, Captains, Soldiers, Messengers, and several Attendants both on the English and French.
Westminster-Abbey. Dead March. Enter the Funeral of King Henry the Fifth, attended on by the Duke of Bedford, Regent of France; the Duke of Glofter, Protector; the Duke of Exeter, and the Earl of Warwick; the Bishop of Winchester, and the Duke of Somerjet, &c.
Bed. LIUNG be the heavens with black,
HUN yield day to night!
Comets, importing change of times and states,
Brandish your crystal treffes in the sky;
Glo. England ne'er had a king, until his time.
'Mr. Theobald obferves, that "the historical transactions contained in this play, take in the compafs of above thirty years. I must observe, however, that our author, in the three parts of Henry VI. has not been very precife to the date and difpofition of his facts; but fhuffled them, backwards and forwards, out of time. For inftance; the lord Talbot is kill'd at the end of the fourth act of this play, who in reality did not fall till the 13th of July 1453; and The Second Part of Henry VI. opens with the marriage of the king, which was folemniz'd eight years before Talbot's death, in the year 1445. Again, in the fecond part, dame Eleanor Cobham is introduced to infult queen Margaret; though her penance and banishment for forcery happened three years before that princefs came over to England. I could point out many other tranfgressions against history, as far as the order of time is concerned. Indeed, though there are feveral mafter-ftrokes in these three plays, which incontestably betray the workmanship of Shakspeare; yet I am almost doubtful, whether they were entirely of his writing. And unless they were wrote by him very early, I should rather imagine them to have been brought to him as a director of the ftage; and fo have received fome finishing beauties at his hand. An accurate obferver will easily fee, the diction of them is more obfolete, and the numbers more mean and profaical, than in the generality of his genuine compofitions.”
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech: He ne'er lift up his hand, but conquered.
Ex. We mourn in black; Why mourn we not in blood?
Henry is dead, and never fhall revive:
Like captives bound to a triumphant car.
Win. He was a king bleft of the King of Kings.
¡Among the foldiers this is muttered,
That here you maintain several factions;
And, whilst a field should be dispatch'd and fought,
5 One would have ling'ring wars, with little coft:
10 Let not floth dim your honours, new-begot:
Glo. The church! where is it? Had not church-20
His thread of life had not so foon decay'd:
Win. Glofter, whate'er we like, thou art pro-25
And lookest to command the prince, and realm.
Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov'ft the flesh;
Bed. Ceafe, cease these jars, and reft your minds
Let's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us:-
When at their mothers' moift eyes babes fhall fuck;
Enter a Meffenger.
Mess. My honourable lords, health to you all! Sad tidings bring I to you out of France, Of lofs, of flaughter, and discomfiture: Guienne, Champaigne, Rheims, Orleans, Paris, Guifors, Poitiers, are all quite loft.
Bed. What fay'ft thou, man, before dead Henry's corfe;
Speak foftly; or the lofs of those great towns
Exe. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, Thefe tidings would call forth their flowing tides. Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France :— Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France.Away with these disgraceful wailing robes! Wounds I will lend the French, instead of eyes, To weep their intermiffive 2 miferies.
Enter to them another Meffenger.
2 Mess. Lords, view these letters, full of bad
France is revolted from the English quite;
Exe. The Dauphin crowned king! all fly to 300, whither fhall we fly from this reproach? [him! Glo. We will not fly, but to our enemies' throats :Bedford, if thou be flack, I'll fight it out.
Bed. Glofter, why doubt'st thou of my forwardness?
35 An army have I muster'd in my thoughts, Wherewith already France is over-run. Enter a third Meenger.
3 Mej. My gracious lords, to add to your la
Wherewith you now bedew king Henry's hearfe,I must inform you of a dismal fight,
Betwixt the ftout lord Talbot and the French. Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't fo? 3 Meff. O, no; wherein lord Talbot was o'erthrown :
The circumftance I'll tell you more at large.
Having full scarce 3 fix thousand in his troop,
If Henry were recall'd to life again,
Me. No treachery; but want of men and
1 Nourish here fignifies a nurse. 2 i. e. their miseries which have had only a short intermiffion from Henry the Fifth's death to my coming amongst them.
3 i. e. fcarcely.
All the whole army ftood agaz'd on him:
A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace,
Bed. Is Talbot flain? then I will flay myself,
3 M. O no, he lives; but is took prifoner, And lord Scales with him, and lord Hungerford: Most of the reft slaughter'd, or took, likewife.
Bed. His ranfom there is none but I fhall pay : I'll hale the Dauphin headlong from his throne, His crown fhall be the ranfom of my friend; Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours.Farewel, my mafters; to my task will I; Bonfires in France forthwith I am to make, To keep our great Saint George's feaft withal: Ten thoufand foldiers with me I will take, Whofe bloody deeds fhall make all Europe quake. 3 Meff. So you had need; for Orleans is befieg'd; The English army is grown weak and faint: The earl of Salisbury craveth fupply; And hardly keeps his men from mutiny, Since they, fo few, watch fuch a multitude.
Exe. Remember, lords, your oaths to Henry
Either to quell the Dauphin utterly,
Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave, To go about my preparation.
Glo. I'll to the Tower with all the hafte I can,
To view the artillery and munition;
So in the earth, to this day is not known: Late, did he fhine upon the English fide; Now we are victors, upon us he fmiles. What towns of any moment, but we have? 5 At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans; Otherwhiles, the famifh'd English, like pale ghofts, Faintly befiege us one hour in a month.
Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat bull-beeves:
10 Either they must be dieted, like mules,
And have their provender ty'd to their mouths, Or pitcous they will look, like drowned mice. Reig. Let's raife the fiege; Why live we idly here? Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear : 15 Remaineth none, but mad-brain'd Salisbury; And he may well in fretting fpend his gall, Nor men, nor money, hath he to make war. Char. Sound, found alarum; we will rush on them.
20 Now for the honour of the forlorn French :Him I forgive my death, that killeth me, When he fees me go back one foot, or fly. [Exeunt. [Here alarum, they are beaten back by the Erglish, with great lefs.
Re-enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier.
Char. Who ever faw the like? what men have
Dogs! cowards! daftards!-I would ne'er have
Alen. Froifard, a countryman of ours, records,
Char. Let's leave this town; for they are hair-
And hunger will enforce them to be more eager :
And then I will proclaim young Henry king. [Exit. 45 Of old I know them; rather with their teeth
Exe. To Eltham will I, where the young king is,
Being ordain'd his special governor;
And for his fafety there I'll beft advise.
Win. Each hath his place and function to attend :
I am left out; for me nothing remains.
The walls they'll tear down, than forfake the fiege. Reig. I think, by fome odd gimmals 3 or device, Their arms are fet, like clocks, ftill to ftrike on; Elfe they could ne'er hold out fo, as they do. 50 By my confent, we'll e'en let them alone. Alen. Be it fo.
Enter the Baftard of Orleans.
Baft. Where's the prince Dauphin? I have
news for him.
Enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier, marching with
a Drum and Soldiers.
Char. Mars his true moving, even as in the
Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence?
Be not difmay'd, for fuccour is at hand:
Ii. e. the back part of the van or front. Charlemagne's twelve peers; and their exploits are render'd fo ridiculously and equally extravagant by the old romancers, that from thence arofe that faying amongst our plain and fenfible ancestors, of giving one a Rowland for bis Oliver, to fignify the matching one incredible lye with another; or, as in the modern acceptation of the proverb, to give a perfon as good acne as he brings. 3 A gimmal is a piece of jointed work, where one piece moves within another, whence it is taken at large for an engine. It is now vulgarly called a gimcrack. 4 Chear is countenance, appearance.
2 Thefe were two of the most famous in the lift of
Dau. Go, call her in: But first, to try her skill, 10 Impatiently I burn with thy defire;
My heart and hands thou haft at once fubdu'd.
Reig. Fair maid, is't thou wilt do thefe wond'rous 1
My wit untrain’d in any kind of art.
Only this proof I'll of thy valour make,→→
Pucel. I am prepar'd: here is my keen-edg'd
Let me thy fervant, and not fovereign, be;
Dau. Mean time, look gracious on thy proftrate
Reig. My lord, methinks, is very long in talk. Alen. Doubtless, he fhrives this woman to her (mock;
Elfe ne'er could he fo long protract his speech.
Reig. Shall we disturb him, fince he keeps no
Alen. He may mean more than we poor men do know: [tongues. Thefe women are fhrewd tempters with their 30 Reig. My lord, where are you? what devise
Shall we give over Orleans, or no?
Pucel. Why, no, I fay, distrustful recreants! Fight 'till the laft gafp; I will be your guard. Dau. What fhe fays, I'll confirm; we'll fight
Pucel. Affign'd I am to be the English scourge.
Now am I like that proud infulting ship,
50 Helen, the mother of great Constantine,
Deck'd with fine flower-de-luces on each fide;
Out of a deal of old iron I chofe forth.
Alen. Leave off delays, and let us raife the fiege. Reig. Woman, do what thou canft to fave our honours;
Drive them from Orleans, and be immortaliz`d.
There were no nine fiby's of Rome! but our author confounds things, and mistakes this for the nine books of Sibylline oracles, brought to one of the Tarquins. 2 It should be read, believe ber words.
3 That is, expe&t prosperity after misfortune, like fair weather at Martlemas, after winter has 4 Mahomet had a dove, which he used to feed with wheat out of his ear; which dove, when it was hungry, lighted on Mahomet's shoulder, and thrust its bill in to find it's breakfast; Mibomat perfuading the rude and simple Arabians, that it was the Holy Ghoft that gave him advice. ing, the four daughters of Philip mentioned in the 47.
Win. How now, ambitious Humphry? what 50 Off. All manner of men, assembled bere in arms this day,
1 Conveyance means theft. 2 A tawny coat was the drefs of the officer whofe bufinefs it was to fummon offenders to an ecclefiaftical court. These are the proper attendants therefore on the bishop of Winchester. 3 Alluding to his fhaven crown. In Weever's Funeral Monuments, p. 154, Robert Baldocke, bishop of London, is called a peeled priest, pilide clerk, feemingly in allufion to his fhaven crown alone. So, bald-bead was a term of fcorn and mockery. 4 The public flews were formerly under the district of the bishop of Winchester. 5 This means, I believe, I'll tumble thee into thy great
Eat, and shake thee, as bran and meal are shaken in a fieve. 6 Maundrel, in his Travels, fays, that about four miles from Damascus is a high hill, reported to be the fame on which Cain flew his brother Abel. 7 A ftrumpet, or the confequences of her love, was a Winchester goofe.