Progress and Poverty
Cosimo, Inc., 2005 - 420 pagina's
To those who, seeing the vice and misery that spring from the unequal distribution of wealth and privilege, feel the possibility of a higher social state, and would strive for its attainment.-Henry George, Progress and PovertyWhy do we have ups and downs in the national economy? Why does poverty continue to exist while a minute number of Americans enjoy a staggering increase in their personal wealth year after year? What went wrong in a country that professes to be dedicated to the proposition that we are all created equal?As timely now as it was when it was written in 1871, Progress and Poverty is an honest and fascinating look at the financial order and the increasingly distorted distribution of income and wealth of life in America. George lays out simply and elegantly what the underlying problem is and how we might solve it.AUTHOR BIO: HENRY GEORGE (1839-1897) was a noted American economist and founder of the single-tax movement. He first outlined the doctrine in the pamphlet Our Land and Land Policy in 1871 and later wrote the more elaborate treatise Progress and Poverty (1879), which sold millions of copies all over the world.
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Adam Smith agricultural amount arise become cause chattel slavery civilisation common condition demand distribution of wealth doctrine drawn from capital duction effect employer England equal everywhere evident exchange exertion existence fact factors of production fixed force give greater Herbert Spencer human idea improvement increase of population India individual industry invention John Stuart Mill justice labour and capital land values landowners latifundia law of rent law of wages live machinery Malthus Malthusian theory margin of cultivation material progress ment merely monopoly natural necessary organisation owner ownership paid petrifaction plane poverty present principle private property produce of labour production of wealth productive power profits property in land proportion race recognised reduce result secure slavery social society soil subsistence taxation taxes tendency tends things tion truth value of land wages and interest yield
Pagina 162 - Do ye hear the children weeping, O my brothers, Ere the sorrow comes with years? They are leaning their young heads against their mothers, And that cannot stop their tears. The young lambs are bleating in the meadows, The young birds are chirping in the nest, The young fawns are playing with the shadows, The young flowers are blowing toward the west But the young, young children, O my brothers, They are weeping bitterly ! They are weeping in the playtime of the others, In the country of the free.
Pagina 102 - It is in vain to say that all mouths which the increase of mankind calls into existence bring with them hands. The new mouths require as much food as the old ones, and the hands do not produce as much.
Pagina 12 - So long as all the increased wealth which modern progress brings goes but to build up great fortunes, to increase luxury and make sharper the contrast between the House of Have and the House of Want, progress is not real and cannot be permanent.
Pagina 39 - Such cases, however, are not very frequent, and in every part of Europe, twenty workmen serve under a master for one that is independent...
Pagina 306 - And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
Pagina 11 - And, unpleasant as it may be to admit it, it is at last becoming evident that the enormous increase in productive power which has marked the present century and is still going on with accelerating ratio, has no tendency to extirpate poverty or to lighten the burdens of those compelled to toil.
Pagina 207 - My father was a yeoman, and had no lands of his own, only he had a farm of three or four pound by year at the uttermost, and hereupon he tilled so much as kept half a dozen men. He had walk for a hundred sheep ; and my mother milked thirty kine.
Pagina 102 - ... existing habits of the people, under such an encouragement, it undoubtedly would, in little more than twenty years, what would then be their condition ? Unless the arts of production were in the same time improved in an almost unexampled degree, the inferior soils which must be resorted to, and the more laborious and scantily remunerative cultivation which must be employed on the superior soils, to procure food for so much larger a population, would, by an insuperable necessity, render every...