A. Most certainly. They are subject to His laws, and accountable to Him for their conduct. And the rule of conduct, given to angels, no doubt was the same in substance, as that given to man in innocence.(a)

Q. 6. Were the angels as soon as created put upon probation?

A. They were. A term of trial was assigned to them all. Each one was to obey, or disobey, for himself.See reference (e.)

Q. 7. What was the consequence?

A. The consequence was, some retained their rectitude during their probationary state, and are now confirmed in holiness and happiness;—others, most probably through pride, rebelled against God and ruined themselves.()

Q. 3. What is the number of the holy angels? Ă. It is vastly great. They are represented in the Scriptures as innumerable. (9)

Q. 9. What are the names given to angels in the Scriptures!

A. They are called spirits, angels, cherubim, seraphim, watchers, morning stars, sons of God, thrones, dominions, principalities, and powers.(5)

(d) Matt. 22. 87—40. Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

(e) 1 Tim. 5. 21. I charge thee before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things, without prefering one before another, doing nothing by partiality. 2 Pet. 2. 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness to be reserved unto judgment.

(f) Heb. 12, 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels.

(5) Heb. 1. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to them, who shall be heirs of salvation. Heb. 1. 6. And again, when he bringeth in the First

Q. 10. Why are the angels called by these names?

A. They are called spirits, because immaterial, and invisible;-angels, because agents, deputies or messengers of Jehovah;-cherubim, because of their extensive knowledge;—seraphim, because of their holy zeal and love;-watchers, because of their vigilance and care;-morning stars, because of their splendid nature and early creation;—sons of God, because they bear the impress of His image;thrones, dominions, principalities, and powers, because of the exalted dignity of their nature, high elevation of character, and sublime employments.

Q. 11. What is the employment of holy angels?

A. They are employed by God in the administration of the affairs of the world, especially in ministering to them, who shall be heirs of salvation. They will accompany and assist Christ in the transactions of the great day of judgment, and they do now, and forever will, unite with the spirits of just men made perfect, in the worship of heaven. But they cannot, in all respects, and to the same degree, as the saints, join in the song of Moses and the Lamb; for they themselves never felt the stings of sin and guilt, and never tasted the sweetness of pardoning and saving mercy (5) begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. Ezek. 10, 19. And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight. Isa. 6. 2. Above it stood the seraphims; each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. Dan. 4. 17. This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones. Job 38. 7. When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? Col. 1, 16. For by him were all things created that are in heaven and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him.

(h) Ps. 34. 7. The angel of the Lord encampeth round about the!n that fear him, and delivereth them. Heb. 1. 14.

[ocr errors]


Q. 12. How should we feel and conduct towards holy angels?

Å. We should love them for their amiableness, feel grateful for their benevolent conduct towards us, respect them for their dignity and worth, and imitate them in all things imitable by us.

Q. 13. Is there any Saviour provided for the apostate angels?

A. There is none; and consequently they must perish forever. They are now in utter despair and sorrows, being reserved in chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.(i)

R. 14. What are the fallen angels usually called in Scripture?

A. They are usually called devils. The one, who is represented as having been an angel of preeminent distinction, and as the first in rebellion, and who is at the head of apostate angels, is called by other names, such as Satan, Dragon, Serpent, Angel of the bottomless pit, Abaddon, Apollyon, Accuser of the brethren, Lucifer, Beelzebub, Prince of Devils, Prince of the power of the air, and god of this world.()

Are they not all ministering, spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation. Matt. 24. 31. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. Rev. 7. 11, And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders, and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces and worshipped God.

(i) Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left theirown habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains, under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day.

(j) James 2. 19. Thou believest that there is one God; thou dost well: the devils, also, believe and tremble. Job 1. 12. And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord. Rev. 12. 9. And the great Dragon was cast out, that old Serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world, he was cast out into the earth, and his angels

dren, children that will not hear the law of the Lord; which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits. 2 Tim. 4.3. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching




[ocr errors]

Q. 1. What is meant by creation?

Å. The act of giving existence, or the production of all creatures and things. Creation is either immediate or mediate. Creation immediate is the production of something out of nothing or where nothing existed before. Creation mediate is giving existence in a new form, or the production of something out of materials, that before existed. The production of this world, at first, in a chaotick state, was creation immediate. The production of man, in his corporeal nature, from the dust of the earth, was creation mediate. This last kind of creating is sometimes termed forming, moulding, fashioning, and making.)

What are included in the works of crcation?

A. The heavens and the earth, and all things in them-the whole universe-all finite existences, animate and inanimate, rational and irrational, visible and invisible.(6)


Q. 2.

(a). Gen. 1. 1. In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth. Gen. 2.7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

(b) Col. 1. 16. For by Him were all things created that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible, and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by Him and for Him. * The production of the soul of man is creation immediate.

« VorigeDoorgaan »