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Is God one and three in the same sense! A. He is not. God is three in person,
but one in essence or substance;—three in one respect, but
dem. 1. John 5.20. And we know, that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him, that is true; and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life. Rom. 9.5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. Titus 2. 13. Looking for that blessed hope and the glorious appearing of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ. Rev. 1. 8. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord (Christ) which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Rev. 17. 14. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them; for he (Christ) is Lord of Lords, and King of kings. Jer. 23. 6. And this is his name whereby he (Christ) shall be called, The Lord our Righteousness. Heb. 13. 8. Jesus Christ, the same yesterday and to-day and forever. Matt. 28. 18. And Jesus came, and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven, and earth. Matt. 18. 20. För where two or three are gathered together in my (Christ’s) name, there am I in the midst of them. John 21. 17. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things, thou knowest that I love thee. Heb. 3. 4. For every house is builded by some man, but he that built all things is God-Col. 1. 16, 17. For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him. And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. Eph. 1. 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church. Acts 10. 42. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. John 5 23. That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. Heb. 1. 6. And again when he bringeth in the first begotton into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. Rev. 5. 13. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, blessing and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb (Christ) forever and ever. Acts 7. 59. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. Acts 5. 3, 4. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost.- Thou hast not lied unto men but unto God. John 3. 5. Jesus answered,
one in another. The three persons in the Godhead do not make one person; neither does the one God make three Gods; but the three Persons exist in one God, and the one God subsists in three Persons. God is really; and not nominally, three in person; but not in any such sense as to be inconsistent with His being one in essence.)
Verily, verily I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.John 1. 13. Which were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. 2 Tim.3.16. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.—2 Pet. 1. 21. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 3.16. Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you? --1 Cor. 6. 19. What! know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? John 16. 13. Howbeit when he the Spirit of truth is come, lie will guide you into all truth; for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak; and he will show you things to come. Luke 12. 12. For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say. Luke 3. 22. And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him. Heb. 9. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God! 1 Cor. 2. 10. For the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. Ps. 139.7. Whither shall I go from thy Spirit, or whither shall I fee from thy presence ? Job 26. 13. By his pirit he garnished the heavens. Job 33. 4. The Spirit of God hath made me. Elsewhere the Holy Ghost is called he Spirit of wisdom and knowledge, the Spirit of promise, he Spirit of power, the Spirit of holiness, and the Holy Spirit ? Cor. 13. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the ove of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. Rev. 1. 4, 5. John to the seven churches which are in Asia; Grace be unto you, and peace from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits (that is the Holy Spirit dwelling with the seven churches distinctly) which are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful Witness, and the First begotton of the dead, and the Prince of the kings of the earth.
(c) 1 John 5.7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one.
Q. 6. May not the Trinity in God be illustrated by man, considered as a tripartite being, composed of body, the earthy part, the soul, the animal or sensitive part, and the spirit, the rational or immor
A. Certainly not; for these three parts make but one person, and this one person can speak of himself only in the first person, unless by a figure of speech.
Q. 7. May this doctrine be explained by considering God as one person, acting in three different characters, as Creator, Redeemer, and Sanctifier.
A. This theory cannot be admitted; for then the distinction in the Divine essence would be merely nominal, and not real. God could not then speak of Himself by the three personal pronouns. But we find the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, speaking of each other as distinct persons, and considering each other as distinct agents, having power to understand, to will, and to act.
Q. 8. Are the three Persons in the Godhead separate, as well as distinct?
1. They are not. Things which are distinct are not always separate. This is the case with the soul and body of man, while alive in this world. This is the case with the faculties of the mind. They are distinct; but not separate.
Q. 9. Are the three Persons in the Godhead equal by nature?
A. They are the same in essence, and in every divine perfection. That which is the foundation for the three Persons in the Godhead, is also the foundation for their equality.()
Q. 10. Is there a subordination among the Persons in the Trinity.
(d) 1 John 5. 7. For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one. Philp. 2. 6. Who (Christ) being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.
A. There is. The Scriptures represent the Holy Ghost as subordinate to the Father and the Son, and the Son as subordinate to the Father. But this is only a subordination of office, in reference to the different parts they take in the work of redemption. In their official capacity, the Son is obedient to the Father, and the Holy Ghost is obedient to the Father and the Son both. This gives rise to all, that is said in the Scriptures of the Holy Ghost, and much, that is said of the Son, as unequal to the Father.(C)
Q. 11. Is the Son, the second person in the Trinity, human as well as divine?
A. He is. He possesses a true human body and soul, as well as a divine nature. In Him, as a complex person, the divine and human natures are united —so united, as that they cannot be separated, so as to make entirely distinct and separate agents; and yet the Godhead and manhood are not one person, by the conversion, or intermixture, of the two natures. The Person of Christ is truly God, and truly man. When in the Scriptures He is called by divine appellatives, it is in reference to his divinity; and when He is called by human appellatives, it is in reference to His humanity. If Christ does not possess two natures, the human and divine, the Bible is calculated to deceive, and lead into the most awful and dangerous errours. (1)
(e) John 14. 26. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remem brance, whatsoever I have said unto you. John 15. 16. But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedet! from the Father, he shall testify of me. 1 John 4. In this was manifested the love of God towards us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
(f) Johin 1. 1, 14. In the beginning was the Word, (Christ) and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.-Ánd the Word (God) was made fesh, and dwelt among us, and we behold his glory, the glory as of the only
Q. 12. Will Christ continue to be God and man in one person forever?
A. He will. His manhood will be, however, in its glorified state.
Q: 13. How does it appear, that Christ was truly man?
A. From the considerations, that He was born of a woman; that in appearance he had a human body and soul, and was like other men, sin only excepted; that He was made under the law, moral and ceremonial, and perfectly obeyed it; that He increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man; that He hungered, thirsted, ate,drank, and conversed, like other men; that he was subject to pain, weariness, and mortality, and finally died; and that He is expressly called man and the Son of man. Christ calls Himself the Son of man more than sixty times, in the New Testament.(5)
begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. Philip. 2 6, 7. Who (Christ) being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no l'eputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of man. Coloss. 2. 9. For in him, (Christ) dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Matt. 1. 23. Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a Son, (Christ) and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which, being interpreted, is, God with us. 1 Tim. 3. 16. And without controversy, great is the mystery of godliness; God was manifest in the Hesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. John 10. 33. The Jews answered him (Christ) saying, For a good work we stone thee not, but for blasphemy, and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God,
(5) Gal. 4. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. Philip. 2. 6. Who (Christ) being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men. Luke 2.52. And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Matt. 4. 2. John 19. 28. Mark 2. 16. John 4. 7. Luke 24. 32. John 4. 6. Mark 15.37. 1 Tim. 2.5. John 3. 13.