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Q. 9. Have the Sacred Scriptures been translated into any other languages?

A. They have into many, both ancient and modern. By the benevolent exertions of the different Bible Societies in the present day, they have been translated into more than a hundred and fifty languages and dialects, and they will, probably, by the Divine blessing, be soon translated into all languages and tongues under heaven.

Q. 10. Was it desirable and necessary, that God should make to mankind such a revelation as He has in the Sacred Scriptures?

A. It was, that He might assure them of a future state;—that He might set forth in a full, clear, and impressive manner His perfections and their duty; that He might enforce their obedience to Him by the most powerful motives;—and, especially, that He might make known to them the riches of His grace in salvation by Jesus Christ.(b

Q. 11. What is meant by the inspiration of the Sacred Scriptures?

A. By it is meant, that the sacred Penmen were moved, directed, and assisted by God what to write, and how to write, and when to write; so that they did

(b) 2 Tim. 1. 10. But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. 2 Tim. 3. 16, 17. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 2 Cor. 5. 14, 15. For the love of Christ constraineth us, because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead. And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto Him which died for them, and rose again. Heb. 11. 26. Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches, than the treasures in Egypt, for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward. Luke 2. 10, 11. And the angel said unto them, Fear not; for, behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David, a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

write exactly, and in all respects, as they were moved, or borne on, by the Holy Ghost. This is called plenary inspiration, or inspiration of suggestion or revelation

Q. 12. How does it appear that the sacred Writers were thus inspired?

A. From the fact, that they could not deliver to the world what they did as a Divine revelation, with confidence and safety to themselves, unless they had been conscious of their inspiration, and they could not be conscious of their inspiration, unless they had been thus inspired;—that they could not have written what they did respecting God, angels and men, time and eternity, heaven and hell, unless they had been thus inspired;—and that they profess to be thus inspired.().

Q. 13. What is the evidence, that the Bible is given by inspiration of God?

A. There is evidence from history;—from miracles recorded in it, wrought in the presence of competent witnesses;-from its prophecies and their fulfilment;—from the unrivalled sublimity of its language, the nature and harmony of its doctrines, and the perfect purity of its precepts;—from the glorious effects it has produced upon the hearts and lives of multitudes;—from the sacred character of its Writers; —from the propagation of Christianity;—and from

(c) 2 Peter 1. 20, 21. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old tiine by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. 2. 13. Which things also we speak, not in the words, which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth. Gal. 1, 11, 12. But I certify yo:1, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ. Rev. 1. 1, 2. The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants, things which must shortly come to pass, and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John; who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ and of all things that he saw.

the analogy there is between natural and revealed religion.

1. All history, so far as it speaks on the subject, declares that the different parts of the Bible, ever since their existence, have purported to be a revelation from God, and that they have been acknowledged to be such by almost all people in all ages wheresoever the true religion has prevailed. The account of many things, which took place in the early periods of the world, given by the sacred Penmen, is corroborated by the most renowned Pagan writers of the highest antiquity. This coincidence between sacred and profane history is an evidence in favour of the divinity of the Scriptures.

2. A miracle, in a theological sense, is an effect, contrary to the stated course or laws of nature, and above the power of created beings to produce, wrought by the interposition of God Himself in attestation of some divine truth, or of the divine authority of some particular person. Consequently, the miracles, performed by Moses and the Prophets, Christ and his Apostles, demonstrate, that the hand of God was with them, and that what they wrote as a revelation was of divine origin.(0)

(d) Exodus 14. 16, 21. But lift thou up thy rod and stretch out thine liand over the sea and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 2 Kings 2. 8. And Elijah took his mantle and wrapped it together and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither, so that they two went over on dry ground. Matt. 4. 23, 24. And Jesus went about all Galilee teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease

the among people. And his fame went throughout all Syria; and they brought unto him all sick people, that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them. Acts 5. 12. And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and won3. Foreknowledge belongs to God alone. He, then, who foreknows or foretells events must be God or some person, whom He has inspired. Consequently, the prophecies, mentioned in the Scriptures, which have been fulfilled, and are now fulfilling, are a main pillar in supporting their divinity, and do incontrovertibly prove them to be a message from Heaven to man.(C)

ders wrought among the people. Heb. 2. 4. God also bearing them witness both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost according to his own will. Also 2 Kings 2. 14. Luke 8. 23, 24. John 11. 43, 44. Acts 5, 15, 16.

(e) Gen. 16. 12. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. This prophecy respects Ishmael and his descendants the Arabs, and in them it is exactly fulfilled. Hosea 3. 4. For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim. Deut. 28.37. And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a by-word, among all nations whither the Lord shall lead thee. The prophecies, contained in these two verses, relate to the Jews, and in them they have been completely fulfilled. Isa. 53.7—9. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted; yet he opened not his mouth. He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. He was taken from prison and from judgment; and who shall declare his generation for he was cut off out of the land of the living; for the transgression of my people was he stricken. And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his deati); because he had done no violence neither was any deceit in his mouth. An account of the accomplishment of this prediction is recorded in Mark15. 3, 20, 27, 42, 43, 46. And the chief priests accused him of many things; but he answered nothing. And when they had mocked him, they tock off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand and the other on his left. And now when the even was come, (because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,) Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable counsellor which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. And he brought fine linen and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre

4. The sublimity of the Scriptures surpasses that of all other writings; the doctrines they contain are such, as none but God could teach; their harmony is complete, though written by about thirty different persons, and at as many different times, and without any previous concert, their moral purity, or holy requisitions of love to God and man are perfect and according to godliness, and such as they never would have been, were they the natural productions of depraved man. The writings of Socrates and Plato, Cicero and Seneca, are mean compared with the Bible. Hence we conclude, that the Scriptures are not the work of men uninspired, but of men taught of the Holy Ghost.(f).

5. The effects of the Sacred Scriptures have been glorious and happy. The religion of the Bible has converted Atheists and Deists, Pagan philosophers and idolaters, Jewish infidels, and Christian moralists. It has instructed the wise and the foolish, raised up the bowed down, solaced the mournful, reclaimed

which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. Matt. 24. 1, 2. And Jesus went out and departed from the temple; and his disciples came to him, for to show him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them see ye not all these things ? Verily I say unto you,

I There shall not be left here one stone upon another that shall not be thrown down. This prediction was exactly and literally fulfilled within forty years after it was uttered. Jerusalem was destroyed, and her beautiful and magnificent temple was razed to the ground and the flow made to pass through where it stood. Jer. 28. 9. The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass then shall the prophet be known, that the Lord hath truly sent him.

(f) Gen. 1. 3. And God said let there be light, and there was light. Matt. 22. 37-40. Jesus said unto him thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. Ps. 12. 6. The words of the Lord are pure words; as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

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