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"Up, infidel dog, when I command one hand and the wooden sword in the you,” said Prince John, “or I will other. “Who and what art thou, have thy swarthy hide stripped off and noble champion?" said Prince John, 40 tanned for horse-furniture!"

still laughing. Thus urged, the Jew began to "A fool by right of descent,” anascend the steep and narrow steps swered the Jester; "I am Wamba, the which led up to the gallery.

son of Witless, who was the son of “Let me see,” said the Prince, “who Weatherbrain, who was the son of an dare stop him!” fixing his eye on alderman." 10 Cedric, whose attitude intimated his “Make room for the Jew in front

intention to hurl the Jew down head- of the lower ring,” said Prince John, long.

not unwilling, perhaps, to seize an The catastrophe was prevented by apology to desist from his original 50 the clown Wamba, who, springing purpose; "to place the vanquished betwixt his master and Isaac, and beside the victor were false heraldry." exclaiming, in answer to the Prince's "Knave upon

fool were worse,

andefiance, “Marry, that will I!” op- swered the Jester, “and Jew upon posed to the beard of the Jew a shield bacon worst of all."

of brawn, which he plucked from “Gramercy! good fellow,” cried 20 beneath his cloak, and with which, Prince John, “thou pleasest me. Here,

doubtless, he had furnished himself Isaac, lend me a handful of byzants." lest the tournament should have As the Jew, stunned by the request, proved longer than his appetite could afraid to refuse and unwilling to 60 endure abstinence. Finding the abom- comply, fumbled in the furred bag ination of his tribe opposed to his very which hung by his girdle, and was nose, while the Jester at the same perhaps endeavoring to ascertain how time flourished his wooden sword few coins might pass for a handful, above his head, the Jew recoiled, the Prince stooped from his jennet

missed his footing, and rolled down and settled Isaac's doubts by snatch30 the steps—an excellent jest to the ing the pouch itself from his side; spectators, who set up a loud laughter, and flinging to Wamba a couple of the

a in which Prince John and his attend- gold pieces which it contained, he ants heartily joined.

pursued his career round the lists, 70 “Deal me the prize, cousin Prince," leaving the Jew to the derision of said Wamba. “I have vanquished my those around him, and himself refoe in fair fight with sword and shield," ceiving as much applause from the he added, brandishing the brawn in spectators as if he had done some 19. brawn, pork.

honest and honorable action.

NOTES AND QUESTIONS

EXPLANATORY NOTES Setting, Merry England; Time, Latter Part of the Twelfth Century; Conditions:

a. Political. King Richard, after leading various crusading expeditions to Palestine, is in captivity in Europe. Prince John, Richard's brother, is temporary king of England. Petty warfares are waged among the nobles. Prince John is plotting to usurp the kingdom.

b. Social. The feudal system, under which the king owns all the land and grants it in fief to his nobles, is the prevailing social order. The chief classes, or “castes," are: Norman nobles (superior gentry); Saxon franklins (inferior gentry); Squires (in line of rank for knighthood); Freemen (tenants on large estates); Serfs, or slaves (menials and jesters); Outlaws (mostly Saxons); Jews (money lenders and merchants, who are treated as outcasts from society).

c. Religious. There are three groups of re- Isaac, Ivanhoe, and Rebecca start for York. ligious characters: (1) Knights Templars (mili. III. Torquilstone (chapters XIX-XXXI). Cedtary churchmen), including the Grand Master, ric shelters the Jews after their desertion by the Preceptors, Knights, Squires, and Menials hired servants; Cedric's train is captured and (mostly Saracens); (2) Churchmen (non-mili- taken to Torquilstone; De Bracy orders the sick tary), including Priors, Monks, Hermits, and man cared for; Wamba and Gurth escape; Pilgrims; and (3) Jews.

Wamba and Gurth meet Locksley, who takes d. General. Corruption exists among both them to the Hermit's, where they obtain the aid nobles and churchmen; there is lack of justice of the Black Knight; Wamba and Gurth send a and disregard of law everywhere; narrow social letter of defiance to Front-de-Boeuf; Cedric and religious prejudices stimulate hatred between escapes, and Ulrica confesses to him and promNormans and Saxons, and hatred and oppression ises to help the Saxons; Rebecca refuses Brian's of Jews by Christians; the nobles are heavily love; the castle is besieged, Front-de-Boeuf is indebted to the Jews; means of travel, transpor- wounded, and De Bracy is captured; De Bracy tation, and communication are poor; and there tells the Black Knight of Ivanhoe; the castle is are few large cities.

set on fire by Ulrica, who perishes in the flames;

the prisoners escape and are rescued; Front-deQUESTIONS AND TOPICS

Boeuf is burned alive; Brian takes Rebecca to 1. This chapter describes conditions in Eng- Templestowe, and Ivanhoe is taken to St. Boland; what facts do you gather of the political, tolph's; the clerk rescues the Jew; Athelstane is the social, and the religious situations? Make

knocked senseless by the Templar; Wamba a blackboard sketch of the lists, showing the

escapes; Gurth rescues Rowena. IV. The Trystlocation of the five pavilions, the entrances, and

ing Tree (chapters XXXII, XXXIV, and XL). the different galleries.

Prior Aymer is captured by outlaws; Athelstane's 2. Tell the events related in this chapter, us

funeral passes by; Locksley gives the Black ing the following outline: (a) entrance of

Knight the prize bugle; Cedric promises the Isaac and Rebecca; (b) arrival of Prince John;

Black Knight a favor; Prior Aymer writes a let(c) Prince John's insult of Saxons and Jews, ter to Brian in behalf of Rebecca; De Bracy is noting the parts played by De Bracy, the bold

freed by the Black Knight; the Black Knight, yeoman, and Wamba.

helped by Wamba and the outlaws, wins the 3. Find passages that describe the appearance fight with Prince John's party; the feast is broand character of Prince John, Rebecca, Athel

ken up, and the Black Knight, Wamba, and Ivanstane, and the yeoman. Why did the Knights hoe depart for Coningsburgh. V. Coningsburgh Templars and Hospitalers attach themselves

(chapters XLI-XLII). Ivanhoe and the Black to Prince John? Why was Isaac of York sure

Knight arrive at the funeral; Cedric forgives his that Prince John would protect him?

son and learns who the Black Knight is; AthelLibrary Reading. Read the other chapters stane arrives and tells his story; Isaac brings of Ivanhoe and report on them in class, using Ivanhoe a message; Ivanhoe departs for Templethe following outline of events in the six threads stowe and is followed by the Black Knight. of the story: 1. Rotherwood (chapters I-VI). VI. Templestowe (chapters XXXV-XXXIX, Wamba misdirects two travelers; the Palmer XLIII). The Grand Master arrives at Templeguides the travelers, Brian and Aymer, to Cedric's stowe; Isaac brings a letter to Brian, which is house; Brian challenges Ivanhoe through the read by Lucas; Rebecca is tried for witchcraft Palmer; Isaac gains shelter in Cedric's house; and sentenced to trial by combat; Higg takes a the Palmer warns Isaac against Brian, and message to Isaac; delay until sundown is granted the two depart from Rotherwood; Isaac lends on day of combat; Ivanhoe arrives; Brian interthe Palmer a horse and armor. II. Ashby views Rebecca for the last time; Brian dies(chapters VII-XVIII). The Disinherited Knight "a judgment from God”; King Richard arrives is declared victor of the first day's combat; and restores order to his kingdom. Conclusion Rowena is chosen Queen of Love and Beauty; (chapter XLIV). Two Malvoisins are arrested Gurth pays Isaac and meets with outlaws on his and killed; Ivanhoe and Rowena marry; Cedric way back to his master's tent; the Disinherited becomes reconciled to his son and the Norman Knight is declared victor on the second day, but court; Prince John is pardoned; De Bracy and is wounded; the Black Knight departs secretly; Fitzurse escape; the Templars depart from EngIvanhoe is cared for by Rebecca; Oswald cap- land; Rebecca and her father depart for the tures Gurth; Prince John receives a note; Cedric Orient. and Athelstane attend Prince John's banquet, Illustrations. Blue prints illustrating IvanLocksley wins the shooting match and receives a hoe may be secured from Thompson Publishing silver bugle; De Bracy plans to capture Rowena Company, Syracuse, New York.

EXTRACTS FROM

THE LIFE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT

JOHN GIBSON LOCKHART

I. SCOTT AND HIS CHILDREN easily and playfully with the current

of their own sayings and doings that [These extracts give an intimate picture

so far from regarding him with any of Scott's family life.]

distant awe, it was never thought 40 I ought to say a few words on that any sport or diversion could go on Scott's method of treating his children in the right way, unless "papa" were

, “ in their early days. He had now two of the party, or that the rainiest day boys and two girls; and he never had could be dull, so he were at home. more. He was not one of those who Of the irregularity of his own edutake much delight in a mere infant, cation he speaks with regret, in the but no father ever devoted more time autobiographical fragment written this and tender care to his offspring than year at Ashestiel; yet his practice does

he did to each of his, as they reached not look as if that feeling had been 10 the age when they could listen to strongly rooted in his mind, for he 50

him and understand his talk. Like never did show much concern about their playmates, Camp and the grey regulating systematically what is usuhounds, they had at all times free ally called “education” in the case of access to his study; he never con- his children. It seemed, on the considered their prattle as any dis

any dis- trary, as if he attached little importurbance; they went and came as tance to anything else, so he could pleased their fancy; he was always perceive that the young curiosity was ready to answer their questions; and excited the intellect, by whatever

when they, unconscious how he was springs of interest, set in motion. 20 engaged, entreated him to lay down He detested and despised the whole 60

his pen and tell them a story, he generation of modern children's books, would take them on his knee, repeat in which the attempt is made to a ballad or a legend, kiss them, and convey accurate notions of scientific set them down again to their marbles minutiæ; delighting cordially, on the or ninepins, and resume his labor, as if other hand, in those of the preceding refreshed by the interruption. From age, which, addressing themselves a very early age he made them dine chiefly to the imagination, obtain at table, and “to sit up to supper” through it, as he believed, the best

was the great reward when they had chance of stirring our graver faculties 30 been "very good bairns.” In short, also. He exercised the memory by 70

he considered it as the highest duty, selecting for tasks of recitation pasas well as the sweetest pleasure, of a sages of popular verse the most likely parent to be the companion of his to catch the fancy of children; and children; he partook all their little gradually familiarized them with the joys and sorrows, and made his kind, informal instructions to blend so

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Ashestlel, a house on the river Tweed, near Selkirk, occupied by Scott 180+-11.

48.

ancient history of their own country, By many external accomplishments, by arresting attention, in the course either in girl or boy, he set little store. of his own oral narrations, on inci- He delighted to hear his daughters dents and characters of a similar de- sing an old ditty, or one of his own 50 scription. Nor did he neglect to use framing; but, so the singer appeared the same means of quickening curiosity to feel the spirit of her ballad, he was as to the events of sacred history. On not at all critical of the technical Sundays he never rodeat least not execution. There was one thing, how

until his growing infirmity made his ever, on which he fixed his heart 10 pony almost necessary to him-for hardly less than the ancient Persians

it was his principle that all domestic of the Cyropædia; like them, next to animals have a full right to their love of truth, he held love of horseSabbath of rest; but after he had read manship for the prime point of educathe prayers and lessons of the day, tion. As soon as his eldest girl could 60 he usually walked with his whole sit a pony, she was made the regular family, dogs included, to some fa- attendant of his mountain rides; and vorite spot at a considerable distance they all, as they attained sufficient from the house most frequently the strength, had the like advancement.

ruined tower of Elibank-and there He taught them to think nothing of 20 dined with them in the open air on a tumbles, and habituated them to his

basket of cold provisions, mixing his own reckless delight in perilous fords wine with the water of the brook and flooded streams; and they all beside which they all were grouped imbibed in great perfection his passion around him on the turf; and here, or for horses—as well, I may venture to 70 at home, if the weather kept them add, as his deep reverence for the from their ramble, his Sunday talk more important article of that Persian was just such a series of Biblical training.

training. "Without courage,” he said, lessons as that which we have pre- “there cannot be truth; and without

served for the permanent use of rising truth there can be no other virtue." 30 generations, in his Tales of a Grand

father on the early history of Scotland. I wish he had committed that

II. SCOTT AT WORK other series to writing, too-how different that would have been from

[These selections give you an oppor

tunity of watching Sir Walter at work our thousand compilations of dead

upon two of his poems.) epitome and imbecile cant! He had his Bible, the Old Testament espe

"I had formed," he (Scott] says, cially, by heart; and on these days “the prudent resolution to bestow

inwove the simple pathos or sublime a little more labor than I had yet 40 enthusiasm of Scripture, in whatever done, and to be in no hurry again to

story he was telling, with the same announce myself as a candidate for 80 picturesque richness as in his week- literary fame. Accordingly, particuday tales the quaint Scotch of Pit- lar passages of a poem which was scottie, or some rude romantic old finally called Marmion were labored rime from Barbour's Bruce or Blind with a good deal of care by one by Harry's Wallace.

whom much care

was seldom be

stowed. Whether the work was worth 48. Pltscottie, author of an old Scotch chronicle. torical poems on the famous Scotch heroes, Robert Bruce 57. Cyropædia, a book by the Greek Xenophon dealand William Wallace.

ing with the education of the Persian king Cyrus.

45. Barbour's Bruce, Blind Harry's Wallace, his

the labor or not, I am no competent it over brake and fell at the full speed judge; but I may be permitted to say of his Lieutenant. I well remember that the period of its composition was his saying, as I rode with him across a very happy one in my life; so much the hills from Ashestiel to Newark so, that I remember with pleasure at one day in his declining years, “Oh, this moment (1830) some of the spots man, I had many a grand gallop in which particular passages were among these braes when I was think- 50 composed.” The first four of the ing of Marmion, but a trotting, canny

” Introductory Epistles are dated Ashe- pony must serve me now."

” 10 stiel, and they point out very dis- Mr. Skene, however, informs me

tinctly some of these spots. There is that many of the more energetic dea knoll with some tall old ashes on the scriptions, and particularly that of the adjoining farm of the Peel, where he battle of Flodden, were struck out was very fond of sitting by himself, while he was in quarters again with and it still bears the name of the his cavalry, in the autumn of 1807. “Sheriff's Knowe.” Another favorite “In the intervals of drilling,” he says, seat was beneath a huge oak hard by "Scott used to delight in walking his 60 the river, at the extremity of the haugh powerful black steed up and down

of Ashestiel. It was here that while by himself upon the Portobello sands, 20 meditating his verses he used

within the beating of the surge; and

now and then you would see him To waste the solitary day

plunge in his spurs, and go off as if In plucking from yon fen the reed,

at the charge, with the spray dashing And watch it floating down the Tweed.

about him. As we rode back to He frequently wandered far from Musselburgh, he often came and home, however, attended only by his placed himself beside me, to repeat dog, and would return late in the the verses that he had been composing 70 evening, having let hour after hour during these pauses of our exercise. slip away among the soft and melan

Mr. Guthrie Wright, who was choly wildernesses where Yarrow among the familiar associates of the 30 creeps from her fountains. The lines, Troop, has furnished me with some

details which throw light on the conOft in my mind such thoughts awake, struction of Marmion. This gentleBy lone Saint Mary's silent lake, etc.,

man had, through Scott's good offices, paint a scene not less impressive than succeeded his brother Thomas in the what Byron found amidst the gi- charge of the Abercorn business. "In gantic pines of the forest of Ravenna; the summer of 1807,” he says, “I had so and how completely does he set him- the pleasure of making a trip with self before us in the moment of his Sir Walter to Dumfries, for the purgentler and more solemn inspiration, pose of meeting Lord Abercorn on his by the closing couplet,

way to Ireland. His Lordship did

not arrive for two or three days, and Your horse's hoof-tread sounds too rude,

we employed the interval in visitSo stilly is the solitude.

ing Sweetheart Abbey, Caerlaverock But when the theme was of a more stirring order, he enjoyed pursuing Mr. Skene, James Skene, of Rubislaw, associated

40

with Scott in the organization of a volunteer troop of cavalry; 62: Portobello, a watering place on the Firth

of Forth, a short distance cast of Edinburgh. 68. Mus. Sheriff's Knowe, so-called because Scott was selburgh, a few miles farther east than Portobello. sheriff of Selkirkshire. 18. haugh, low land bordering a 79. Abercorn business, Scott's brother Thomas had

had charge of property of the Marquis of Abercorn.

53.

16.

stream.

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