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ORIGINAL ESSAYS ON POLITE LITERATURE, THE ARTS AND SCIENCES;

A REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS;
POETRY; CRITICISMS ON THE FINE ARTS, THE DRAMA, &c.

Biography,

CORRESPONDENCE OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONS;

ANECDOTES, JEUX D'ESPRIT, &c.

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS;

PROCEEDINGS OF PUBLIC AND LITERARY SOCIETIES;

POLITICAL SUMMARY, LITERARY INTELLIGENCE, &c. &c.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE PROPRIETORS,

By W. Pople, 67, Chancery Lane,

AND PUBLISHED AT THE LITERARY GAZETTE OFFICE, NO.362 (EXETER CHANGE), STRAND;

SOLD ALSO BY BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINBURGH; JOHN CUMMING, DUELIN;

AND ALL OTHER BOOKSELLERS, NEK'SDIEN, &c.

1820.

TO OUR READERS.

.

Ir is the custom of periodical works to say something to their Readers at stated periods ; such as the close of the year, the end of their volumes, the commencement of a new series, or the completion of a century's publications. As we hardly expect, personally, to enjoy the last mentioned opportunity, we are prone to seize the occasion of our attaining to the fifth year of our age, most cordially to thank our friends for yourishing us into so stout and vigorous a constitution, as to leave little doubt upon our minds, that this centenarian delight will be experienced, literarily, by our heirs and successors. To them we shall bequeath it, in trust, to dilate upon the influence their labours have had in diffusing a taste for literature, and in promoting, with letters, the dearest interests of Soeiety ; in encouraging all the beneficent arts of Peace and Civilization; in propagating a knowledge of Science; and in spreading over the mass of mankind a love for those pursuits which refine, and ennoble, and bless humanity. Ours is a humbler duty. Through the kindness of our public reception, we have established this new species of literary production in a degree of reputation which our most sanguine hopes could not have 'anticipated for any thing in the lowly form of a weekly journal, and invested it with a weight and importance which we can without presumption declare is felt through almost every ramification of the subjects embraced by our plan, at home and abroad. Convinced that nothing could have obtained for us this enviable distinction, but the strictest devotedness to truth in all we write, we have made truth the basis of our labours : and in Truth, the indispensable principles of Independence and Impartiality are comprehended. Thus, at the end of four years, no readers of the Literary Gazette can say that it ever deceived them, by its report or misrepresentation of any fact.

Our Index for 1820 (to be given in an early Number) will best exemplify our zeal and diligence in providing for the general gratification of our subscribers : our success attests that our exertions have not passed unnoticed nor unrewarded : and we shall only add, that as we grow in time our strength increases, and our sphere enlarges so much, that we can now with ease accomplish what was wont to be difficult or impossible. We therefore look forward to the possession of a power which may extend our utility and enhance our value : and as proof that we are not inclined to slacken in cur career, we shall only observe, that within the last two months, Original Letters from Paris, the admired essays entitled Wine and Walnuts, the first accounts of Discoveries in the Arctic and Antarctic Circles, the important Experiments on Galvanism, Magnetism, and Polarity, the only details of the Royal Society of Literature, and many other matters of great general interest, have appeared in our columns.

We trust we may take leave, without imputation of egotism. In this stirring commercial country, every dealer, to obtain even due notice, must describe his wares, and adopt means to make them known. Beyond this, we despise effort ; and resting on the character of the Literary Gazette, bid our Readers 'Purewell!'

Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, etc.

AND

This Journal is supplied Weekly, or Monthly, by the principal Booksellers and Newsmen throughout the Kingdom : but to those who may desire

its inuinetiate transmission, by post, we beg to recommend the LITERARY GAZETTE, printed on stamped paper, price One Shilling. No. 154. SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1820.

PRICE 8d. REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

which took 85 days to perform on dro- | shef to accompany me, but knew nothing of medaries, to Mahass and back again, my busino88 ;. which was really true; for I

had never allowed him to see me taking notes Travels in Nutia ; by the late John the author says

during our journcy. Lewis Burckhardt. Published by the In two hours and a balf we came to a The two brothers, the Kashiefs Hosseynand Association for promoting the Discovery plain on the top of the mountain, called Mohammed, had come to Mahass, in order of the Interior of Africa. London. Akabet el benat, the rocks of the girls. to besiege the castle of Tinareh, which had 1819. 4to. pp. 543.

Here the Arabs who serve as guides through been seized by a rebel cousin of the king of

these mountains have devised a singular Mahass. The latter being Hosseyn Kashief's Burckhardt has excited an interest mode of extorting small presents from the father-in-law, the Kashef was bound to come in the British public only inferior to traveller: they aliglit at certaiu spots in the to his aid, and had accordingly brought with poor Yungo Park; and has been so very Akabet el benat, and beg a present ; if it is him about sixty men, with whom ì found often the subject of articles in the Lite: refused, they collect a heap of sand, and him encamped, or rather hutted, on the rary Gazette, that our readers must be mould it into the form of a diminutive tomb, western side of the river, close under the familiar with the leading features of his and then placing a stone at each of its ex- walls of the castle, while his brother Molife and pursuits. This would induce tomb is made'; meaning, that henceforward, with an equal number of men. They had

tremities, they apprize the traveller that his hammed had possession of the eastern bank, tis to dwell very briefly on these points there will be no security for him, in this been here for several weeks, and haii often at présent, even were we not influenced rocky wilderness, Most persons pay a suminoned the castle, to no purpose, alby another consideration of more irre-tritling contribution, rather than have their though the garrison consisted only of fifteen sistible temporary importance. It is, graves made before their eyes : there were, men. They at length conceived the idea of and we have reason to anticipate will however, several tombs of this description cutting off the water from the besieged, bý continue to be, a marked characteristic dispersed over the plain. Being satisfied placing close in shore, just below the castle

, of our Review (from the superior access which he was content. with any guide, I gave him one piastre, with a vessel, which they had sent for from Argo,

and on board of which they put some men to the novelties in literature with which March 13th. The eastern mountains armed with musquets, who were protected we are favoured,) to be at least the again approach the river, and consist herc, from the fire of the garrison by a thick awnearliest reporter of the cases of new as at the second Cataract, of grunstein. We ing formed of the trunks of date trces thrown publications. In executing this task, followed the narrow shore in an easterly di- across the deck; tliese men, by their fire, we trust it will be readily allowed to rection, and passed several of the villages of having effectually prevented the besieged us; that any defects in our first notice of Mahass. The houses are constructed only from obtaining water from the river, the gara work, should be pardoned in considera- high poles, the extremities of which rise posals for peace; pardon, and safe conduct

of inats, made of palm-leaves, fastened to rison was under the necessity of makiug protion of the speed with which we bring considerably above the roof. The counte- were promised them, and the eastle was surit before the general tribunal, and nances of the people are much less expressive rendered on the evening preceding my arrival, show, if not immediately preceding, of good nature than those of the Nubians ; When I reached the camp of Mohamıner contemporaneously with its appearance, in colour they are perfectly black ; their lips Kashief, he was not present, but occupied of whal kind and nature it is. As this are like those of the Negro, but not the with his brother, in taking possession of the highly valuable volume, therefore, is nose or check bones ; numbers of the men castle. Ilis people crowded round me and only published to-day, we hope that go quite naked, and I even saw sereral grown my guide, desirous to know what business

up girls without any thing whatever round had brought me among them, and supposing extracts rather than an epitome will be the middle: The Núbian language here has that I belonged to the suite of the two accepted from us as efficient service. certainly superseded the Arabic, which none Mamelouk Begs, of whose arrival at Derr The life and travels of Burckhardt occupy of the peasants understand.

they had already been apprized. Shortly 92 pages ; next follows a journey along the In approaching the place where the Nu- afterwards Mohammed came over from the banks of the Nile, from Assouan to Mabass, bian governors were encamped, I found se- opposite bank with his suite, and I immeon the frontiers of Dongola ; then a des- veral of the villages deserted; their former diately went to salute him. Born of a Dareription of a journey from upper Egypt inhabitants had preferred abandoning their four slave, his features resembled those of through the deserts of Nubia to Berber and cotton-fields, and their prospects of a har- the indiabitants of Soudan, but without any Souakin, and from thence to Pjidda in vest, to submitting to the oppressive conduct thing of that mildness which generally chaArabia ; and the whole conclà:les with an of the followers of the governors, whose racterises the Negro countenance. On the appendix, containing an Itinerary from the lorscs and camels were now feeding amidst contrary; his physiogno.ny, indicated the frontiers of Bornou, by Bahr el Ghazal, and the barley, while the mats of the deserted worst disposition; he rolled his eyes at one Darfour, to Shendy—gopie notices of Soudani houses had been carried off to the camp, to like a madman ; and, having drank copiously

- veibularies of the Bergho and Bornou serve as fuel. After a ride of four hours, of palm-wine at the castle, he was so intoxtog'lages--and a translation of the notices we reached the camp of Mohammeil Kashef, icated that he could hardly keep on his legs. on Vutia in Makrizi's History of Egypt: the opposite the Wady Tinareh, a cluster of ham. All his people now assembled in and around whole illustrated with maps and other eluci-| lets, situated round the brick castle of that his open hut; the vanquisheel reliels likewise dations.

name, and the chief place in Mahnss; here came, and two large goat skins of palm wine We shall make our selections from

was the termination of my journey south-were brought in, which was served out to

warıls. I had told my guide to be cautious the company in small cups neatly made of the travelling narratives, without much in his answers to Mohammed Kashef, and if calabashes; a few only spoke Arabie; the attention to order. Leaving Seras, in he should he questioned respecting me, to Kashes himself conki searcely make himself lue Nubian journey from Assouan, say that he hal been ordered by Hassen Ka- understood; but I clearly foʻind that I was

VOL IV.

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