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otected this holds not confirniation unlawful; , authority in this land." These are not suificient, to be end bis party are vered that the use unless it were added, oor ought to have any. Laereof is not in their own bands, for every His Jlajesty. Habemus jure, quod labemus, pastx 5 continn his own parish; fir then it and therefore in as nincb as it is said he hath would be accounted an Apostolical institution, not, it is plain enough that he vusht not to i Dr. Reynolds were pleased but to speak bis have. triclits therein.
Here passed some pleasant di-coure betwixt Dr. Reyn. Indeed seeing some diocese of a the king and lords about puritans, till returning tishop baih therein six hundred Parishes, it is to seriousness : There began the a this very inconvenient to permit Confirma Bp. of Lond. May it please your majesty nun to the bishop'alone ; and I suppose it iin to remember the Speech of the French ambasPuosille that he can take due examination of sador, monsieur Regnee, upon the view of our tena' which come to be confirmed.
solemn service and ceremony, viz. That if the Bp. of Lond. To the matter of f ct, I an- Reformed Churches in France had kept the swer, that bishops in their Visitations appoint same order, there would have been thousands eber their chaplaitis, or some other ministers, of Protestants more than there are. to examine them which are to be confirmed, Dr. Keyn. It were well if this proposition au lichtly confirm none but by the testimony might be added to the Book of Articles. • The of ite parsons and curates, where the children intention of the minister is not of the essence are tred and brought up.—To the Opinion I of the sacrament,' the rather, because some in 235#eT, that none of all the Fathers ever ad- | England bare preached it to be essential; and mitted any to confirm bui bishops alone. Yea, here again I could desire that the pine orthoETED St. Jeromne hiorseif (otherwise no friend to doxal Assertions concluded at Lambeth, may listnps) confesseth the execution thereut' was be generally received. restra.ned to bishops only.
His Maj. I utterly dislike the first part of Bp. of Winch. “Dr. Reynolds, I would fain your motion, thinking it unfit to thrust it.to the have you, with all your learning, sbew wherever Book of Articles every position negative, which Confration was used in ancient times by any would swell the book into a volume as big as other bishops; These used it partly to examine the Bible, and confound the reader. Thus children, and after examination by imposition one M. Craig in Scotland with his, I renounce of bands (the Jewish ceremony of blessing) to and abhor his multiplied detestations and abrebless and pray over them; and partly to try nuntiations, so amazed simple people, that not wbether they had been baptised in the right able to conceive all their things, they fell back form or no. For in former ages some baptised to popery, or remained in their former igno(as they oughe) in the name of the Father, Son, rance. Tí bound to this form, the confession of aud Holy Ghost. Some (as the Arians) in the my faith must be in my table-book, not in my name of the Father as the greater, and i he Son head.---Because you speak of Intention, I will as the less. Some in the name of the Father by apply it ihus. If you come hither with a good the Son, in the Holy Ghost. Some not in the intention to be informed, the whole work will RETBE of the Trinity, but only in the Death of sort to the better effect : But if your intention Christ. Whereupon Catholic bishops were con be to go as you came, whatsoever shall be said, strained to examine them who were baptised in it will prove the intention is very material and remotis, concerning their Baptism, if right to essential to the end of this present action.-As confirm them, if amiss to instruct them. for the nine Assertions you speak of, I cannot
His Majesty. I dissent from the judgment suddenly answer, not knowing what those Proof St. Jerome in his assertion, that bishops are positions of Lambeth be. not of divine ordination.
Bp. of Lond. May it please your majesty, Bp. of Lond. Unless I could prove my Or- this was the occasion of them, by reason of dioation lawful out of the Scriptures, I would some controversies arising in Cambridge abouc Dot be a bishop four hours longer.
certain points of divinity, my lord's grace asHis Majesty. I approve the calling and use sembled some divines of special note to set of bisbops in the Church, and it is my aphorisen, down their Opinions, which they drew into
No Bishop, No King; nor intend I to také nine Assertions, and so sent them to the Uni, Confirmation from the bishops, which they have versity for the appeasing of those quarrels. so long enjoyed. Seeing as great reason that His Mai. When such questions arise Done should confirm, as that none should amongst scholars, the quietest proceedings were preach without the bishop's license. But let it to determine them in the University, and not be referred, whether the word Examination to stuff the Book of Articles, with all Conclucught not to be added to the rubrick in the title sions theological.--Secondly, the better course of Confirmation in the Communion-book. And would be to punish the broachers of false docnow Dr. Reyoolds you may proceed.
trine, than to multiply Articles, which, if never Dr. Reyn. I protest I meant not to gall any so many, cannot prevent the contrary opinions man, though I perceive some look personal ex of men till they be heard. ceptions at my words, and desire the imputa Dean of Puuls. May it please your majesty, bon of schism may not be charged upon me. I am nearly concerned in this matter, by reaTo proceed on the sith Article, wherein are son of a Controversy betwixt me and some these words, “The Bishop of Rome hath no other in Cambridge, upon a Proposition, whicle
I there delivered, namely, that whosoever followed, there would be no end of (ranslating. (though before justified) did commit any griev His Alaj. I profess I could never yet see a ous sin, as adultery, murder, &c. do become Bible well translated in English; but I think, ipso facto, subject to God's wrath, and guilty that of all, that of Geneva is the worst. I wish of damnation, quoad præsentam slutum, until some special pains were taken for an uniform they repent. Yet, so that those who are justic translation ; which should be done by the best fied according to the purpose of God's Election learned in both l'niversities, then reviewed by (though they might fall into grievous sin, and the bishops, presented to the privy council, thereby into the present estate of damnation) lastly rautied by royal authority, io be read in yet never totally nor finally from Justitication; the whole church, and no other. but were in time renewed by God's spirit unto Bp. of Lond. But it is fit that no marginal a lively faith and repentance. Against this notes should be added thereunto. doctrine some did oppose, teaching that per His Jlaj. That caveat is well put in, for in sons once truly justified, though falling into the Geneva translation, sume notes are partial, grievous sins, remained still in the state of Jus- untrue, seditious, and savouring of traitorous uification, before they actually repented of these conceits : As, when from Exodus i. 19. Disosins; yea, and though they never repented of bedience to kings is allowed in a marginal note. them through forgetfulness or sudden death, And 2 Chron. xv. 16, king Asa taxed in the they nevertheless were justified and saved. note for only deposing his mother for idolatry,
His Maj. I dislike ibis doctrine, there be- and not killing her. To conclude this point, ing a necessity of conjoining repentance and let errors, in matters of faith, be amended, and huliness of live with true faith, am that is hy- indifferent things be interpreted, and a gloss pocrisy, and not justifying faith, which is sever added unto them. For as Bartolus de liegno ed from them. For although Predestination saith, that a king with some weakness, is better and Election depend not on any qualities, ac than still a change; so rather a Church with Lions, or works of man which are mutable, but some faults, than an innovation. And surely, on God's eternal Decree : yet such is the ne if these were the greatest matters that grieved cessity of Repentance after known sins com you, I need not have been troubled with such mitted, that without it po Reconciliation with importunate complaints. God, or Remission of Sins.
Dr. Reyn. May it please your majesty, Dr. Reyn. The Catechism in the Common that unlawful and seditious bookis be suppressPrayer-Book is too brief, and that hy Mr.ed, such as Ficlerus, a Papist, De Jure Magis. Nowel (late dean of Pauls) too long for novices tratus in Subditos, applied against the late to learn by heart. I request therefore that one queen for the Pope. uniform Catechism may be made, and none Bp. of Lond. There is no such licentious other generally received.
divulging of those books, and none have liberHis Maj. I think the doctor's request very ty, by authority, to buy them, except such as reasonable, yet so, that the Catechism may be Dr. Reynolds, who was supposed would conmade in the fewest and plainest attirmative fute them. And, if such books come into the terms that may be, not like the many ignorant realm by secret conveyances, perfect notice Catechisms in Scotland, set out by every one cannot be had of their importation. Besides, who was the Son of a good man; ipsomuch Ficlerus was a great disciplinarian, whereby it that what was Catechism-doctrine in
appears what advantage that sort gave unto gregation, was scarcely received as orthodox in the Papists, who, mutatis personis, apply their another ; and herein I would have two rules own arguments against princes of their reliobserved : First, That curious and deep ques- gion, though for my part I detest both the autions be avoided in the fundamental iostruc thor and applier alike. tion of a people, secondly, That there should The Ld. Cecil. Indeed the unlimited liberty not be so general a departure from the papists, of dispersing Popish and seditious pamphlets that every thing should be accounted an error in Pauls Church-yard, and both the Universiwherein we agree with them.
ties, hath done much mischief; but especially Dr. Reyn. Great is the profanation of the one called Speculum Tragicum. Sabbath day, and contempt of your majesty's His Alaj. That is a dangerous book indeed. Proclamation, which I earnestly desire may be L. H. Howard. Both for matter and intenreformed.
tion. This motion found an unanimous consent. L. Chun. Of such Books, some are Latin,
Dr. Reyn. May your majesty be pleased some are English, but the last dispersed do most that the Bible be new translated, such as are harm. extant not answering the original, and he in Secret. Cecil. But my lord of London (and stanced in three particulars.
no man else) bath done what he could to supGal. iv. 25.- In the original, ousorgei; ill-trans- press them.
lated, Bordereth.-Ps. cv. 28. Orig. They His Maj. Dr. Reynolds, you are a better were not disobedient; ill-trans., They were college-man than a states-man, if meaning to not obedient.--Ps. cvi. 30. Orig. Phine tax the bishop of London for suffering those has executed judgment; ill-trans., Phi- books, between the Secular Priests and Jesuits, nehas prayed.
to be published, which he did by warrant from Bp. of Lond. If every man's humour might be the council
, to nourish a schism betwixt them.
Ll. Cecil. Such books were tolerated, be- , care that way; but a doublet is necessary in
1. Bresurer. And because therein it ap Ld. Chun. I dislile not the liberty of our
tice, grounded on the aforesaid reason. Dr. Reyn. Indeed I meant not such books Bp. of Lmd. My last motion is, that Pul23 were printed in England, but only such as pits may not be made Pasquiis, where in every came from bzyond the seas. And now to pro- I discoaten ed fellow may traduce his superiors. ched to the second general point, concerning His Maj. I accetwa: you oiler, for the the planting of learned ministers, I desire they Pulpit is no place of personal reproof, let them be in every parish.
complain to me, if injured. His Ilaj. I have consulted with my bishops Bp. of Lonit. If your majesty shall leave about it, whom I have found willing and ready yourself open to admit of all complaints, your bereis : but, as sabita evacuutio is periculosa; bighness shall never be quiet, nor your underso sebita mulatio: It cannot presently be per- , others regarded, whom every delinquent, when formed, the Universities not affording them. censured, will threaten to coinplain of. And vet they afford more learned men, than the His Maj. I mean they shall complain to Pain doch maintenance, which must be first me by degrees, first to the Ordinary, from him provided. In the mean time, ignorant minis- to the Archbishop, from him to the lords of ters, if young, are to be removed, if there be the council; and, if in all these no remedy be no hope of amendment; if old, their death found, then to myself. Lost tie expected, because Jerusalem cannot Dr. Reyn. I come now to Subscription, as be built up in a day.
a great impeachment to a learned ministry, Bp. of Il'inch. Lay patrons much cause the and therefore intreat it may not be exacted as insuntciency of the clergy, presenting mean heretofure: for which many good men are kept clerks to their cures (the law admitting of such out, though otherwise willing to subscribe to sudbiciency) and, if the bishop refuserh them, the Statutes of the Pealm, Articles of Relipresently a quare impedit is sent out against gion, and the King's Supremacy. The reason
of their backwardness to subscribe, is, because Bp. of Lond. Because this I see is a time the Common-prayer enjoineth the Apocrypha of muting Petitions, may I humbly present two
books to be read in the church, although some or three to your majesty: First, That there chapters therein contain manifest errours remay be amongst us a praying ministry, it being pugnant to Scripture. For instance, Ecclus. 20* come to pass, thai men think it is the xlvii. 10. Elias in person is said to come before only duty of ministers to spend their time in Christ, contrary to what is in the New Testathe pulpit. I confess, in a Church newly to be ment, Mat. xi. 14. Luke i. 17. of Elias in replanted, preaching is most necessary, not so in semblance, that is, John the Baptist. ove long established, that prayer should be Bp. of Lond. Most of the objections against Leglected.
those tooks, are the old cavils of the Jews, His Maj. I like your motion exceeding well, renewed by S. Jerome (who first called theni and dislike the hypocrisy of our time, who Apocripha) which opinion, upon Rutfinus his place all their religion in the ear, whilst challenge, he, after a sort, disclaimed. prayer (so requisite and acceptable, if duly Bp. of Winch. Indeed S. Jerome saith, Caperiormed) is accounted and used as the least nonici sunt ad informundos mores non ad coupart of religion.
His Maj. 'I approve your motion, especially crypha, wherein any error is contained; where-
Dr. Reyn. The next scruple against SubA preaching ministry is best, but where it scription, is, because it is twice set down in the may not be had, godly prayers and exhorta- Coinmon-prayer-book, Jesus said to his disciuons do much good.
ples, when by the text in the original, it is
are offended,,contrary to the counsel of the
His Inj. Distingue tempora, & concorda- ; one Religion, in substance, and in ceremony. bunt Scriptura, great the diference betwixt ever speak more to that point, low far you those tiines and ours. Then, a Church not are bound to obey. fully settled; now, ours long established. Ilow Dr. Rryn. Would that the Cross, being long will such brethren be weak? Are not superstitiously abused iu Popery, were alranforty-five years sutricient for them to grow doned, as the Brazen Serpent was stuned to strong in ? Besides, who pretends this weak- powder by llezekias, because abuscd 10 wvianess? We require not Subscriptions of laicks iry. and ideots, but of preachers and ministers, who His 11aj. In as much as the Cross was are not still (I trow) to be fed with wiik, being abused to superstition in time or Popery, it enabled to feed others. Some of then are doth plainly imply that it was weli used be tire. strong enough, if not head-strong; conceiving I detest ieir courses, u ho peremptorily disalthemselves able enough to teach him who last low of all things, which liave been abused in spake for thein, and all the bishops in the land. | Popery, and know not how to answer the ob
Ur. K'next. It is questionable whether jections of the Papists, ritsen they charge us the Church hath power to institute an outwaru with novelties, but by telling them, we retain significant sigo.
the primitive use of things, and only forsake Bp. of Lond. The Cross in Baptism is not their novel corruptious. Secondly, no resem, used otherwise than a ceremony,
blance betwist the Brazen Serpent, a material Bp. of Ilinch. kneeling, lifting up of the risible thing, and the sign of the Cross, made hauds, knocking of the brtast, are signiticunt in the air. Thirdly, Papists (as I ain intorn.ed) ceremonies, and these may lutully be used. did ever ascribe any spiritual Grace to the
D. of the Chap. The Rabbins write, That Cross in Baptism. Lastly, material Crosses, to the Jews added both signs and words at the in- which people fell down in time of Popery (as stitution of the Passover, viz. when they eat the idolatrous Jews to the Brazen Scrpeni) are sour herbs, they said, “Take and eat these in already demolishel, as you desire. remembrance,' &c. When they drank wine, Mir. Kneust. I take exception at the wearthey said, “ Drink this in remeinbrance,' &c. ing of the Surplice, a kind of garment used by Upon which addition, and tradition, our Saviour the priests of İsis. instituted the Sacrainent of his last Supper, His liej. I did not think, till of late, it had thereby approving, a Church may institute and been borrowed froin the Heathen, because retain a sign sigurticant.
commonly called a rag of Popery. Secing now His Maj. I am exceedingly well satisfied we border not upon heathens, neither are any in this point, but would be acquainted about of them conversant with, or commorant amongst the antiquity of the use of the Cross.
us, thereby to be confirmed in Paganism; I Dr. Reyn. It halb been used ever since the no reason Lut for comeliness-sake, it may be Apostles time; but the question is, how ancient continued. the use thercof hath been in Baptism.
Dr. Reyn. I take exception at these words D. of Il'estin. It appears out of Tertullian, in the Marriage, with my body I chee worCyprian, and Origen, that it was used in im- ship.! mortali lutucro.
His Ilaj. I was made believe, the plırase Bp. of ll'inch. In Constantine's time it was imported no less than divine adoration, but find used in Baptism.
it an usual English terin, as when we say, ' a His Maj. If so, I sce no reason but that gentleman oi worship,' and it agreeth with the we may continue it.
Scriptures, 'giriig honour to the wife.' As for Mr. Krcust. Put the case the Church bath you, Dr. Reynolds, many men speak of Robin power to add signiticant signs, it may not adod ilood, who never shot in his bow. (This the them where Christ hath already ordained them, king spake smiling.) If you had a good wife which is as derogatory to Chiist's institution, yourself, you would think all worship and loas if one should add to the great seal of Eng- nour you could do her, were well bestowed on laod.
her. His Muj. The case is not alike, seeing the D. of Surum. Some take exception at the Sacrament is fully finished, before any mencion Ring in Viarriage. of the Cross is made therein.
Dr. Riyn. I approve it well enough. Mr. Knecos!. If the Church hath such a His Jinj. I was married with a Ring, and power, the greatest scruple is, how far the or- think others scarce wcil married without it. dinance of the Church bindeth, without im Dr. Reyn. Some tike exceptions at the peaching Christian literiv.
Churching of Women, by the name of Parifi-, His laj. I will not argue that point with cation. you, but answer is kings in parliament, L Roy His Mej. I alow it very well, women bes'eziseru ; This is like 81r. John Black, a heard- ing loath of themselves to come to church, I less boy, who told me, the last Conterence in like this, or any other occasion to draw them Scotland, (Dec. 1602,) that he would hold on thither. formity with his majesty in matters of Doctrine; Dr. L.c»9. My last exception is against but every m: for Ceremonies is to be let commiting Lcc.esiastical Censures to lay-chanto bis own liberty. But I will have none of cellors, the railer, because it was ordered, chat, I will have one Doctrine, one Discipline, anno 1571, that lay-chancellors, in matters of
Correcti mn, and anno 1589, in matters of In- f over, with silence, my being Supreme Governor
Dr. Reyn. No more if it please your ma
jesty. His Maj. I have conferred with
Ilis Maj. If this be all your party hath to
hase, such as ordinaries at home in their courts
court, are hike the Spanish Inquisition, wherein