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not an oilence hefore, for then he may alter the I the king hath no prerogative, but that which law of the land by this proclamation in a bigh the law of the land allows him. point; for if he may create an offence where But the king for prevention of offences may pone is, upon that ensues tine and imprison- by proclamation adovonish his subjects that ment: also the law of England is divided into tiev keep the laws, and do not offend them ; three parts, common law, statute law, and cus- upon puvislıment to be inficed by the law, &c. tom; but the king's proclamation is none of them: Lastly, if the offence be not punishable in also maluun aut est malum in se, aut protrbi- the star-chamber, the prohibition of it by protum,' that which is against common law is . ma- clamation cannot make it punishable there :
lumin se, malum prohibituin,' is such an offence and after this resolution, no proclamation imas is prohitited by act of parliament, and not posing tine and imprisonnent, was atterwards by proclamation. Also it was lt sulved, that made, &c. But see 12 Cohe's Reports 20.
90. The Cases of BARTHOLOMEW LEGATT and EDWARD NIGHTMAN,
for llcresy : 10 Jac. I. A.D. 1612. [Fuller's Church Hist. B. 10. „ 4.*]
of that court. And no wonder that he slighted A true Relation of the Commission and War- the power of earthly bishops, denying the divi
rants for the l ondemnation and Burning nity of hin, i ho is the shepherd and bishop of of Bartholomew Legatt and Edward Wiglit
our souls.' 1 Pet. 11. 25. The disputation against man; the former at West Smithtield, the him, was principally managed by John King, latter at Litchfield.
bishop of London, who gravelled and utterly BUT leaving the oulandishi, let us come to conued him with that place of Scriprure, our English Torstills (though of far less leann- John wii. 5. “And now O Father, glorify thou ing, of more ob-tmacy, and dangerous opinions) me with thine ownsell
, with the glory which I I mean that Arian, i ho this year sufered in • had with thce before the world was.' This Smithtieid : liis name Bartholomew Legnie, na teni, 1 say, was so seasonabiy alledged, so tive county Essex, person comely, complexion plainly expounded, so pathetically enforced by black, age about 40 venis: ot a hold spirit, con ile eloquence, and gravity of thai bishop (quafident carriage, fiuent tongue, excellently skill lities wherein he excelled; that it gave mared in tie scriptures; and well had it been for vellous satisfaction to a multitude of people him, if he trad known them less, or understood there present, that it is conceived, it tappily them better; whose ignorance abused the word unproselited some inclinable to his opinions; of God, therewith to oppose Gid the word. Wough Legate himseli remained pertinacious, His conversation (for ought I can learn to the both against the impressions of arguments, and contrary) very unblameable; and the poison of scripture, daily multiplying his enormous opiberetical doctrme is never more dangerous, nions. It is the happiness nature indulgeth to than when served up in clean cups, and washed monsters that they are all barren ; whereas on dishes.--King James caused this Legate of eu the contrary, monstrous positions are most proto be brought to him, and seriously dealt with creative of the like, or worse than then selves. him to endeavour his contersion. One time Before we set down bis pestilent opinions ; the king had a design to surprize ivim into a may writer and reader lence themselves with confession of Christ's Dety, as his majesty after prayer to God, against the infect on thereof; wards declared to a right reserend prelute, by lest otherwise, toucbing such pitch (though but asking him, Whether or no he did not daily with the bare inention) defile us, casually tempt. pray to Jesus Christ? Which, had he acknow- ing a temptation in us, and awaking some corledged, the king would intallibly have inferred, ruption which otherwise would sleep silently in that Legate tacitly consented io Christ's divi- our souls. And, if notwithstanding this our nity as a searcher of the hearts. But herein caurion, any shall reap an accidental evil 10 bis majesty failed of his expectation, Legate the mselves, by reading bis damnable opinions, returning, Thar indeed he had prayed to Christ my pen is no more accessary to their harm. in the days of his ignorance, but not for these than that apothecary is guilty of murder, if last seven years. Hereupon the king in choler others, ont of a liquorish curiosity, kill themspurned at him with his foot; away base fellow' selves with that poison, which he kept in his (said he) it shall never be said, that one stayeth shop for sovereign use to make antido:es therein my presence, that hath never praved to our of. His danınable Tenets were as followech: Saviour tor seven years together.'-Oiten was 1. That the Nicene creed, and Athanasius he convented before the bishops in the consis-creed, contain not a profession of the true tory of St. Paul's, where he persisted obstinate Christian faith. 2. That Christ is not God of in his opinions, flatly denying the authority God begotten, not made ; but begotten, and
made. 3. That there are no persons in the Very diligent efforts were made, but un Godhead. 4. That Christ was not God froin successtilly, to discover any records of the everlasting, but began to be God, when he took Trials of these two persons.
tlesh of the Virgin Mary. 5. Tbat the world
was not made by Christ. 6. That the Apos- | tute to that effect. Let them satisfy us, bow tles teach, Christ to be man only. '7. That far those laws were repealed in 1mo Elizabeth, there is no generation in God, but of crea. and how far they still stand in force; as, though tures. 8. That this assertion, God to be made not to [pretended] Lollardism, yet to blasphemy. man, is contrary to the rule of faith, and mon- Let them examine the judgment of the learned strous blasphemy. 9. That Christ was not be- Fitz-Herbert, whether sound in his assertion, fore the fulness of time, except by promise. 10. That heretics, before the writ of their burning That Christ was not God, otherwise than an be issued out against them, must first be conanointed God. 11. That Christ was not in victed of heresy before a provincial convocathe form of God equal with God, that is, in tion; whilst others affirm, That they being consubstance of God, but in righteousness, and victed before their ordinary, sufiiceth, provided giving salvation. 12. That Christ by his God- it be for such opinions which convocations have head wrought no miracle. 13. That Christ is formerly condemned for heretical To Smithnot to be prayed unto.-For maintaining these field he was brought to be burned. See here, opinions, Legate had long been in prison in it is neither the pain nor the place, but only the Newgate, yet with liberty allowed him to go cause makes a Martyr. In this very Smithfield abroad; not contented wherewith he openly how many Saints in the Marian days, suffered boasted, and often threatened to sue the court, for the testimony of Jesus Christ? Whereas whiclı committed him, for reparations for false now one therein dieth in bis own blood for deimprisonment; so that his own indiscretion in nying him, Vast was the contiux of people this kind, hastened his execution. For here- about him. Never did a scare-fire at midnight upon bishop King finally convented him in the summon more hands to quench it, than this at consistory of St. Paul's, and that worthy prelate, noon-day did eyes to behold it. At last, reforeseeing that his proceedings herein would fusing all mercy, he was burned to ashes. meet with many listening ears, prying eyes, and And so we leave him, the first that for a long prating tongues, chose many reverend bishops, time suffered death in that manner : and, oh able divines, and learned lawyers lo assist him. that he might be the last to deserve it! In the So that the consistory, so replenished for the next month Edward Wightman of Burton upon time being, seemed not so much a large court, Trent, convicied before Richard Neile bishop as a little convocation. By the counsel and of Coventry and Litchfield, was burned at consent of these, by his definitive sentence, he Litchfield för far worse opinions (if worse might pronounced, decreed and declared the foresaid be) than Legate maintained. Mary Magdalen Bartholomew Legate an obdurate, contumaci- indeed was once possessed with seven devils, ous, and incorrigible heretic. And by an in but ten several heresies were laid to Wightstrument called a Significavit, certified the man's charge; namely, those of Ebion, Cerinsame into the chancery, delivering bim up unto thus, Valentinian, Arrius, Macedonius, Simon the secular power, the church-keys in such cases craying the help of the civil sword. * Hume tells us (appendix to the reign of Jas. Whereupon, king James, with his letters, dated 1st.) “ Stowe says that these Arians were ofMarch 11, under the privy-seal, gave order to fered their pardon at the stake if they would the broad-seal to direct the writ De Hæretico merit it by a recantation.” The following are comburendo, to the sherills of London, for the the words of Stow : “ Wednesday the 18th of burning of the foresaid Legate. * Now as the March, Legat, an obstinate Arian heretique, was bishop herein surrendered Legate to the secu burned in Smithfield: he refused all favour and lar power, my Ecclesiastical History in like contemned all ecclesiastical government, and manner resigns him to the Civil Historian, to- upon Easter Eve, the 11th of April following, gether with all the doubts, difficulties, and legal Edward Wightman, another obstinate miscreant scruples attending on, or resulting from bis con- heretique, was burned at Litchfield, having likedemnation. Let the learned in the law consider wise inore favour offered him than he had on what statute the writ for his burning was grace to accept." Stow's Annales, 1002. Ile grounded, whether on those old statutes enacted bas not one syllable of pardon, or the stake, or in the reigns of Richard the 2nd, and Henry recantation. Thus it is, as bishop Butler has Ath; or on the branch of some other new sta observed in his excellent Sermon on the govern
ment of the tongue, that “ Some persons, when * Some learning concerning Heresy and the they have heard the least imperfect hint of an writ De Hæretico comburendo, is to be found atfair, will, out of their own head, add the cirin 5 Co. Rep. Caudrey's case, 12, Co. Rep. 20, cumstances of time and place and other mat56, 89, 92 (Legatt's case) Barrington's Obs. on ters to make out their story." Mirs. Macaulay Stat. 2 H. 4. 2 H. 5. See also in 1 Hale's P. says that “one of these heretics was lunatic C. c. 30. and the notes of the editors; (though at the time of his condemnation :" for which note (u) in Wilson's edition is absurd ;) a assertion I cannot find the slightest trace or learnerd history of the law, of heresy. Lord pretence of authority, unless it be what Hume Hale for the cases of Legattand Wightman re farther says, that “ a madman who called himfers to the Chronicle of sir Richard Baker,“ self the Holy Ghost," probably he had in his who however gives no particulars. Collier like mind Wightman, was without
any indulgence wise is very brief. See also a good Summary in for his frenzy condemned to the same punish4 Black, Comm. C 4. 4. 2.
Magus, Mancs, Manichæus, Photinus, and of Christ was not God otherwise than anointed The Anabaptists. Lord! What are we when God. 11. That Christ was not in the form of God leaves us? Did ever man maintain one God equal with God, that is, in substance of heresy, and but one heresy? Chains of dark- God, but in righteousness and giving salvation. ness, we see, bave their links, and errors are 12. That Christ by his Godhead wrought no complicated together. God may seem well-miracle. 13. That Christ is not to be prayed pleased with this seasonable severity. For the unto.-Where in he the said Bartholomein Light tire thus kindled, quickly went out for want of hath before the said reverend talker, maintaunfewel. I mean, there was none ever after thated bis said most dangerous and blasphemous' openly avowed these heretical doctrines. Only opinions, as appeareili by many of his contesa Spanish Ariau, who, condemned to die, was slons publickly inade ani achnowledged. For notwithstanding suffered to linger out his lite which bis da inable and heretical opinions, he in Newgate, where he ended the same. In- is by ditlinitive sentence, by the said rercrend deed, such burning of beretics much startled father, Jubn, bishop of London, with the advice common people, pitying all in pain, and prone and consent of other reverend bishops, learner to asperse justice itself with cruelty, because divines, and others learned in the laus, assisting of the novelty and hideousnes of the punisi Lim in judgment, justly adjudged, pronounced,
And the purblind eyes of vulgus judge and declared to be an obstinale and incora menis looked only on what was next to them, rigible heretic, and is left by them under the (the suffering itself) which they beneld wishi sentence of the great excommunication, and compassion, not muding the demerit of the therefore, asa corrupt member, io be cut oth from guilt, which de:erved the same. Besides, such the Church of Christ, and society of the faithful, beng unable to distinguish betwixt constancy and is to be, by our secular power and authority, and obstinacy were really to entertain good as an heretick, punished; as hy the signiticavit of thoughis ever of the opinions of those heretics, the said reverend father in God, the said bishop who sealed them so inantutly with their blood. London, bearing date at London the third of Wherefore king James politicly preierred, that March, in the year of our Lord 1011, in the heretics herealier, though condemned, should ninth yer of our reign, and remaimog in our silently, and privately waste themselves away court of Chancery, more at huge appeareih. in the prison, raiber than to grace them and And although the said Bartholomew Legatt amuse others with the solemnity of a public bath, since the said Sentence pronounced against execution, which in popular judgmenis usurped him, heen often very charitably moved and exe the honour of a persecution.
borted, as well by the said bishop, as by many
grave and learned divines, to disavade, revoke A Narration of the Burning of Darilulomew and remove him from the s.id blasplemous Legalt.
and beretical opinions, yet he arrogantly and James R. James by the Grace of God, King will only persisted and continuc:h in the same. of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, De We therefore, according to our regal function sender of the Faith, &c. To our right trusty, and otlice, minding the execution of justice in and right well beloved Counsellor, Thomas, this behalt, and to give example to others, least lord Ellesmere, our Chancellor of England, they should attempt the like hereafter, have Greeting. Whereas the reverend father in God determined, by the assent of our council, to John bishop of London having judicially pro will and require, and do hereby anthorize and ceeded io à cause of heresie against Bartho- require you, our said chancellor, immediately, lomew Legatt, of the city of London, in the upon the receipe hereut, to award und male diocess of the said bishop of London, concern out, under our great seal of England, our writ ing divers wicked errors, heresies, and blas- of execution according to the tenor in these phemous opinions, holden, afhrmed and pub- presents ensuing. And these Presents shall be lished by the said Bartholomew Legatt, and your sufficient warrant and discharge for the chiefly in the e thirteen blasphemous posi- same. tious following, viz. • That the creed called Rex vicecomitibus London, salutem. Cùm the Nicene Creed and Athanasius's creed, con- reverendus in Christo pater, Johannes, London tain not a profession of the true Christian faith, episcopus, nobis Significavit, quod, cum ipse or that be will not profess his faith according in quodam hæreticæ pravitatis negotio contra to the same creeds. 2. That Christ is not God quendam Bartholomeum Legalt, subditum posof God begotten, not made, but begotten and truin, civitatis London, dicti London episcopi made. 3. That there are no persons in the diocess. et jurisdictionis, ritè et legitimè proGodhead. 4. That Christ was not God from cedens, per acta inactitata, deducta, proposita, everlasting, but began to be God, when he took et per contessiones ipsius Bartholomei Legais, Hesh of the Virgin Mary. 5. That the world coràm præfato episcopo judicialiter factas et was not made by Christ. 6. That the Apostles recognitis, comperit et invenit prætatum Bar teach Christ to be Man only. 7. That there tholomeum, Legatt quamplurimos neplandus is no generation in God, but of creatures. 8. errores, falsas opiniones, hæreses, et blasphemias That this assertion, God to be made Man, is execrandas, et scelerata dogmata catholicæ et contrary to the rule of faith, and monstrous orthodoxæ tidei et religioni et sacrosancto Dei blaspheiny. 9. That Christ was not before the verbo expressè contiaria et repugnantia, scifulness of time, except by promise. 10. That enter, muliciose, animoque pertinaci, obdurato,
planèque incorrigibili, credere, tenere, affirmare, errors, false opinions, heresies, and cursed blase et publicare ; idem rererendus pater, London phemies, and impious doctrines, expressly conepiscopus, cum consilio et consensu tam reve- Kirary and repugnant to the Catholick faith and rendoruin episcoporum et alioruin theologorum religion, and the holy word of God, knowingly quain juris etiam peritorum in judicio assiden. and maliciously, and with a pertinacious and et assisten., eundein Bartholo:neu'n Legati, obdurate plaiviy incorrigible mind, to believe, per sententiain suam diftinitivani, obduraium, hold, atbrin, and publishi; the same reverend contumacem, et incorrigibilem hæreticum pro- father, the bishop of London, with the advice nunciavit, decrevit, et declaravit, eaque ocean and consent, as well of the reverend bishops sione, tanquam protervum hæreticum et mem and other divines, as also of men learned in brum putridum et contagiosom, ab ecclesiâ the law, in judgment sitting and assisting; the Christi et fidelium communione recisum et saune Bartholomew Legatt by his definitive senamputatum fore. Cum igitur sancta mater tence hath pronounced, decreed, and declared ecclcsia non habeat quid ulteriùs facere et ex to be an obdurate, contumacious and incorrigiequi valeat in hac parte, idem reverendus ble heretick, and upwn that occasion as a stubpater præfatum Bartholomeum Legatt, ut blas- born beretick, and rotten contayious member phemum hæreticum brachio nostro seculari re to be cut off from the church of Christ, and the liquit condignâ animadversione plectend', prout communion of the faithful; and whereas the per literas patentes præfati reverendi in Christi holy mother church hath not power to do and patris, London episcopi, in bac parte superinde execu:e any thing further in this matter, the contect' nobis in chancellar' vostram certificat' same reverend father hath left the aforesaid est. Nos igitur ut zelator justitie et fidei Bartholomew Legatt as a blasphenous beretick catholicæ defensor, volentesque ecclesiam sanc to our secular power, to be punished with contam ac jura et libertates ejusdem et fidem ca dign punishment; as by the letters patents of tholicam manutenere et defendere, ac hujus- the said reverend father in Christ, the bishop of modi hæreses et errores ubique, quantun in London, in this beball, above made, is certified nobis est, eradicare et extirpare, ne hæreticos unto us in our chancery. We therefore, as a sic convictos animadversione condigna puniri; zealous promoter of justice, and a defender of attenden!esq, bujusmodi hereticum in forma the Catholic fuitli, and being willing to mainpræd' convictum et dummatum juxtà leges et tain and defend the holy church, and rights and consuetudines regni nostri Angliæ in hac parte liberties of the same, and the Catholic faith ; consuet' ignis incendio comburi debere : Vobis and such heresies and errors every where, what præcipimus quod dictum Bartholomewn Legati in us liet, to root out and extirpate, and to in custodià restrâ existen’apud West-Smitbtield punish with condign punishment hereticks so in loco publico et aperto es causâ præmisâ covricted ; and considering that such an herecoràm populo publicè igni coumitti, ac ipsum tic, in formatoresaid convicted and condemned, Bartholomeum Leratt in eodem igne realiter ought according to the laws and customs of this comburi fac' in hujusmodi criminis detesta our kingdom of England in this part accustomed, tionem, aliorumque Christianorum exempluen to be burned with fire; We do cunimand you, manifestum, ut in simile crimen labantur. Et that the said Bartholomew Legatt, being in hoc sub periculo incumbenti nullatenus omit your custody, you do commit publicly to the tatis. Teste, &c. IIENRY IIBIRTE. fire, b: fore ihe people, in a public and open
This containeth a Warrant to be granted by place in West-Smithtield, for the cause atoreyour majesty unto the lord chancellor of Eng said, and that you cause the said Bartholomere land for the awarding of a writ under the great Legatt to be rially burned in the same tire, in seal of England to the sheriff of the city of Lon detestation of the said crime, for the manutest don, for the burning of Bartholomew Lerait, example of oiher Christians, lest they slide into who is convicted of divers horrible heresies the same fault : And this you are in no wise before the bishop of London, and by his sen to ornit, under the peril that shall follow thereon, tence left to the secular power, as is by the saint Witness, &c.
HENRY HIBIRTE, bishop certified to your majesty into your highness's court of Chancery. And is done by A Nurrution of the Burning of Edward force of your majesty's coinmandment to me
Ilightman. giren under your lighness's sign-manual. James R.- James, by the Grace of God,
HENRY HIBIRTE. King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, The King to the Sheriffs of London, greeting. Detender of the faith, &c. To our right crusty Whereas the reverend father in Christ, John, and right well-beloved Counsellor, Thomas, bishop of London, hath signified unto iis, that, lord Ilesmcre, our chancellor of England, when be in a certain business of beretical pra- | Grering. Whereas the reverend father in vity against one Bartholomew Leyatt, our sub- | God, Richard, bishop ot Coventry and Lichfield, ject, of t'ie city of London, of the said bishop having judicially proceeded in the examination, of London's diocess and jurisdiction, rightly and hearing, and determinog. of a cause of heresy lawfully proceeding, by acts enacteri, drawn, pro- ainst Edward Nightman, of the parish of posed, and by the confessions of the said Bar Burton upon Trent, in the diocess of Coventry iholomew Leyatt, before the said bishop judi- and Lichtield, concerning the wicked heresies cially made and acknowledged, bath found the of the Ebionites, . Cerinthiaus, Valentinians, said Bartholomew Legatt very many wicked Arians, Macedonians, of Simon Magus, of
Manes, Manichees, of Photinus, and Anabap- , also before our commissioners, for causes eccletists, and of other heretical, execrable, and un- siastical within our realm of England, mainheard-of, opinions, by the instinct of Satan, by tained his said most perilous and dangerous bim excogitated and holden, viz. a
opinions, as appeareth by many of his confes1.
That there is not the trinity of persons, sious, as also by a book written and subscribed the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, in by him, and given to us. For the which his the unity of the Deity. 2. That Jesus Christ is damnable and heretical opinions, he is, by denot the true natural Son of God, pertect God, finitive sentence, declared by the said rev. faand of the same substance, eternity and ma- ther, the bishop of Coventry and Lichtield, with jesty with the Father in respect of his Godhead. the advice and consent of learned divines, and 3. That Jesus Christ is only inan and a meer other persons learned in the laws assisting him creature, and not both God and man in one in judgment, justly adjudged, pronounced and person. 4. That Christ, our Saviour, took declared to be an obstinate and incorrigible benot human flesh of the substance of the Virgin retic, and is left by them uoder the sentence of Mary bis Mother; and that, that Promise, the great excominunication, and therefore, as a * The Seed of the Woman shall break the ser-corrupt member, to be cut off from the rest of pent's head,' was not fulfilled in Christ. 5. tie tiock of Christ, lest he should infect others That the person of the Holy Ghost is not God professing the true Christian faith: and is to coequal, coeternal, and coessential with the be by our secular power and authority, as an Father and the Sou. 6. That the three creeds, heretic, punished : as by the Significavit of the The Apostles Creed, the Nicene Creed, and said rev. father in God, the bishop of Coventry Athanasius's Creed, are the heresies of the Nico- and Lichfield, bearing date at Licl.field, the 11th laitanes. 7. That he the said Edward Wight-of December, in the Oh year of our reign, and man is that prophet spoken of in the eighteenth remaining in our court of Chancery, nore at of Deuteronomy in these words, • I will raise large appeareth. And, although the said Edthem up a prophet,' &c. And that, that place ward Wightman hath, since the said sentence of Isaiah, I alone, have troden the wine pronounced against him, been often rery chapress ;' and that place, “Whose fan is in bis ritably nioved and exhorted, as well by the said hand,' are proper and personal to him, the said bishop, as by many other godly, grave and Edward Wightman. 3. And that be the said learned divines, to dissuade, revoke, and remove Wiyhıman is that person of the Holy Ghost him from the said blasphemous, beretical, and spoken of in the Scriptures; and the Conforter anabaptistical opinions; yet he arrogantly and spoken of in the 10th of St. John's Gospel. 9. wilfully persisteth and continueth in the same. And that those words of our Saviour Christ of We therefore, according to our regal function the Sin of Blasplieny against the Holy Ghost, and ofnice, minding the execution of justice in are ineant of his person. 10. And that, that this behalf, and to give example to others, lest place, the fourth of Malachy, of Elias to come, they should attempt the like hereafter, have deis likewise meant of his person. 11. That the termined, by the assent of our council, to will boul doth sleep in the sleep of the first death, and require, and do hereby authorise and reas well as the body, and is mortal as touching quire you, our said chancellor, immediately the sleep of the first death, as the body is : upon the receipt hereof, to award and make And that the soul of our Saviour Jesus Christ out under our great seal of England, our writ of did sleep in that sleep of death as well as his execution according to the tenour in these prebody. 12. That the souls of the elect saints sents ensuing. And these presents shall be departed, are not members possessed of the your sufficient warrant and discharge for the triumphant Church in Ileaven. 13. That the same. baptizing of infants is an abominable cus Rex vic' civitatis nostræ Lich, salutem. cuna tom. 14. That there ought not to be in the reverendus in Christo pater, Richardus, provichurch the use of the Lord's Supper to be ce- dentia divina Corentr'et Lich' episcopus, nobis lebrated in the Elenients of Bread and Wine ; Significaverit, quod ipse contrà et adversùs quenand the use of Baptism to be celebrated in the dam Edwarduin Wightman, parochiæ de BurElement of Water ; as they are now practiced ton super Trent, Coventr' et Lich' dioces., de in the Church of England : But that the use of et super nephandis beresibus Ebionis, Cerinthi, Baptisın is to be administred in water, only to Valentiniani, Arii, Macedonii, Simonis Magi, converts of sufficient age of understanding, con- Manctis, Manechæorum, Photini, et Anabapverted from infidelity to the faith. 15. That tistarum, aliorumq; heresiarcharum, et insuper God hath ordained and sent him, the said Ed- de aliis execrandis opinionibus instinctu Satanz ward Wightınan, to perform bis part in the excogitatu et antebac inauditis, juxtà canonum work of the Salvation of the world, to deliver it ecclesiasticorum, legumque et consuetudinum by his teaching, or adınonition, from the heresy hujus regni nostri Angl. exigentiam, judiciali of the Nicolaitanes ; as Christ was ordained procedens, prærlicius Edwardus Wightman, coand sent to save the world, and by his death to ràm præfato rev. patre, ac aliis theologis et ju. deliver it from sin, and to recɔncile it to God. risperitis sibi in judicio assistentibus, comparens, 16. And that Christianity is not whully pro- prædicta neplanda crimina, hæreses, ac alia fessed and preached in the Church of England, detestanda blasphemia et errores, contumaciter but only in part. Whereiu be the said Edward et ex quadam pertinacià, scienter, maliciosè, Wightman, hath before the said rev. father, as animoq; obdurato, publicavi defeudebat; et