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swered, He sbould limit himself, none should am sorry that I did dissemble with them: But interrupt him. It appeared he could not con I did not think they had such proof against stantly or devoutly pray; fear of death, or hope me, till it was shened me; but when that was of pardon, even then so distracted hini : for oft proved, I held it more honour for nie at that in ihose prayers he would break off, turn and time to confess, than before to have accused. look about him, and answered to what he over- | . And for my brother Greenway, I would the heard, while he seemed to be praying. Wien truth were known; for the tale reports that he stood up, the Recorder finding in his beha are, make him more faulty than he is. I rjour as it were an expectation of a Pardon, should not have charged hiin, but that I wished bim not to deceive himself, nor beguile thought he had leen safe. I pray God the his own soul; he was come to die, and inust catholicks may not fare the worse for my vie ; requiring him not to equivocate with his sake; and I exhort them all to take heed they last breath; if he knew any thing that might enter not into any treasons, rebellions, or inibe danger to the king or state, he should now 'surrections against the king. And with this utter it. Garnet said, It is no time now to ended speaking, and fell to praying; and equivocate; how it was lawful, and when, he crossing himself, said, “In nomine Patris et fic had shewed bis mind elsewhere: but, saith he, hii, et Spiritus Sancti;' and prayed, Maria I do not now equivocate, and more than I have mater gratiæ, Maria mater misericordiæ, tu confessed I do not know. At his ascending up me a malo protoge, et horá mortis suscipe.' the ladder he desired to have warning before he | Then 'In manus tuus, Domine, commendo was turned off. But it was told him, hic must spiritum meum :' Then, • Per crucis huc sigJook for no other turn but death. Being upon . num' (crossing himself) fugiat procul omne the gibbet, be used these words : ' I cominend malignum. lofige crucem tuam in corde meo, . me to all good Catholicks, and I pray God Domine;' Let me always remember the cross : preserve his majesty, the queen, and all their and so he returned again to Maria mater posterity, and my lords of the privy council
, gratiæ,' and then was turned off, and hung till , to whom I remember my humble duty, and she was dead.
82. A true Report of the Arraignment, Tryall, Conviction, and
Condemnation, of a Popish Priest, named Robert DREWRIE, at the Sessions-house in the Old Baylie, on Friday and Wednesday, the 20th and 24th of February; the extraordinary great Grace and Mercie offered him, and his stubborne, traytorous, and wilfull Refusall. Also the Tryall and Death of HUMPHREY LLOYD, for maliciouslie Murdering one of the Guard. And, lastly, the Execution of the said Robert DrewRIE, drawn in his Priestly Habit, and as he was a Benedictine Fryer, on Thursday following to Tiborne, where he was hanged and quartered. London; printed for Iefferie Chorlton, and are to be sold at his Shop adioyning to the great North Door
of Paules, A. D. MDCVII. [3 Harl. Misc. 36.] 5 Ja. I. 1607. IN a case
a case deseruing so well to be spoken off, I thought it the duty of an honest subiect, to say concerning iniury to God's glory, and apparant somewhat, so farre as truth would warrant me, wrong of our countrey, ouer-run with too because slaunder and detraction are no meane many men of such daungerous quality, I enemies to such maner of proceedings.
This Article, though but unsatisfactory of us her natural-born subjects, Secular Priests, and indistinct, has yet been thought worthy of and of her princely clemency hath given a insertion, because it records a transaction curi- sufficient earnest of some merciful favour toous in itself, and interesting from its connection wards us, being all subject by the laws of the with the history of the period during which it realm to death, by our return into our country occurred. It is proper to mention, that this after our taking the order of priest-hood, since Drewrie was one of thirteen Priests who a
the first year of her majesty's reign; and only little before the death of queen Elizabeth had demandeth of us for this intended favour, an signed the following Declaration :
assurance of the said fidelity unto her majesty's
person, crown, estate and dignity. We whose THE SECULAR PRIEST'S LOYAL PROTESTATION
names are under-written, in most bumble-wise “ Whereas it hath pleased our dread sove- prostrate at her majesty's feet, do acknowledge reign to take notice of the faith and loyaliy ourselves infioitely bound unto her majesty
Robert Drewrie being apprehended by his ently discouered and scanned; after such primaiesties inessengers at the Wbile-Fryers, and uate examinations as were thought convenient, afterward brought before the right reverend time was appointed for his publique tryall, father in God, the lord bishop of London ; de- which followed as liereafier shall be declared. clared himselfe ibere, as Garnet, his maister, On Friday, being the 20th day of February, had done before,. Muitorum nominum,' to be in the forenovne, my lord mayor, maister rea man of many names, but yet no one of them corder, and other of his maiesties justices of being good. For, as no lesse than sixe severall the peace, sitting at the Sessions-House in the names would serve Garnets Turne, so this man Old-Buily, by vertue of his highnesse commishad three to shadow him by, viz. Drewrie, sion of Oyer and Terminer, for goale deliuerie, Browne, and launden, but Drewrie was the for London, and the county of Middlesex : last in his owne delivering, and appearing to be Robert Drewrie, priest, and a fryer of the Benehis true name indeede.- Ilis aunswers were dictine order, was brought before the bench. equiuocall and very contused, denying his llis enditement, according to forme or lawe in priesthoode, and seeming so cunning, as if no that care made and prouided, was openly read bold were to be taken of him. But he being voto hind; whereunto he pleaded, Not Guilty, beiter known to the state then bimself imagin- but, for his tryall, did put himselte vpon God ed, and his inany daungerous practises suffici- , and his country. Then was a verie sutficient therefore; and are most willing to give such nient means to introduce Catholick Religion assurance and satisfaction in this point as any into our country, but also earnestly perswade Catholick priests can give unto their sovereigai
. Lay-Catholicks to do the same. * First, Therefore we acknowledge and con “ Thirdly, If upon any such invasions the fess the queen’s majesty to have as full au pope should excommunicate every one that thority, power and sovereignty over us, and would not forsake the foresaid defence of her over all ihe subjecis of the realm, as any of majesty and the realm, and take part with such her bigliness's predecessors ever had. Avd far-conspirators and invaders; in this case we ther, we protest that we are most willing and do think ourselves and the Lay-Catholicks not ready to obey her in all cases and respects, bound in conscience to obey this censure, but as far forth as ever Christian priests within this will defend our prince and country.- And berealm, or in any other Christian country, were cause nothing is more certain than that whilst bound by the law of God, and Christian reli we endeavour to assure her majesty of our dugion, to obey their temporal princes.
titul atlection and allegiance by this our Chris“ Secondly, Whereas for these many years tian and sincere protestation; there will not past, divers conspiracies against her majesty's want those who will condemo and misconstrue peison and estate, and s me forcible attempts our lawful fact: Yca, and hy many sinister for invading and conquering her dominions, suggestions and calunnies discredit our doings have been made under we know not what pre- with the Christian world, but chiefly with the tences and intendments of restoring Catholick pope's holiness, to the greatest prejudice and Religion by the sword; (a course most strange barn of our good names and persons that may in the world, and undertaken peculiarly and be, unless we maturely prevent their malice solely against her majesty and her hingdoms, herein. Wemost bumbly beseech her majesiy, among other princes departed from the religion that in this our recognizing, and yielding Ceand obedience of the See Apostolick no less sar's due unto her, we may also by her gracious than she) by reason of which violent enter- leave be permitted, for avoiding obloquy and prizes her majesty, otherwise of singular cle-calumnies, to make known by like publick act, mency towards ber subjects, bath been greatly that by yielding her right unto her, we depart moved to ordain and execute severer law's from no bond of that Christian duty wbich we against Catholicks, which by reason of their owe to our supreme spiritual Pastor.--- And therecominunion with the See Apostolick in frith tore we achnowledge and confess the bishop of and religion, were easily supposed to favour Rome to be the successor of St. Peter in ihat these conspiracies and invasions, than per- | See ; and to have as ample, and no more auhaps had ever been enacted or thought upon, thority or jurisdiction over us and other Chris it such hostilities and wars had nerer been un tians, than had that apostle by the gift and dertaken. We, to assure her majesty of our commission of Christ our Saviour. And that faithul loyalty also in this particular case, sin we will obey him so far forth as we are bound Crtly, protest, and by this our publick' fact by the laws of God to do, and may stand with muke known to all the Christian world, that in performance of our duty to our tein poral prince, these cases of conspiracies and invasions which in such sort as we have before protessed : Tor hereafia inay be made by any foreign prince as we are most ready to spend our blood in or potentiate for the disturbance and subversion defence of her majesty and our country, so will of her majesty's state and doninions, under the we rather lose our lives than intringe the allaforenrid pretences and intendments; we will thority of Christ's Catholick Church.” 2 Coll. according to the rules of Christian religion, de Eccl. Hişt. 664, 3 Harl. Misc. 37. tent our prince and country from all these viv This paper, says bishop Bancroft under liis lent assaults and injuries. And norcorer, se own hand, was delivered to me by the priests. will not only ouizelves reist them, as inconte Ex Biblioth. R. Harley Aimig.
Iurie impannelled for him ; to whom, in effect, Then diuers traitorous and dangerous papers these speeches were deliuered.
were shewen), which had bin taken in his cusRobert Drewrie, the prisoner, standing at tody, and whereof he would gladly baue acthe barre, had traytorously, wiltully, and in quitted himselfe, but that they were manifestly contempt of the statute made to the contrarie, | prooued to be his. One of them seemed to be departed out of this land, wherein he was Parsons opinion concerning the oath in the borne, and at Valedolid in Spayne, where hy late made statute, which he vrterly disallowed Parsons means, a seminary for Englisli students any catholique to take, appearing io haue vsed was erected, as the like were at Rome and the popes censure therein; whereupon the Rhemes, hadde bin made a prieste by the bi- bull, or brcese, to that purpose, seenieth to shop of Leon, by authority deriued from the take effect. The others were also of a traypope. Sithence which time, he had returned torous nature, tending to the abuse and corback into this land, to reconcile, seduce, and rupting of poore simple soules, and stealing all withdraw his maiesties subiectes from their na duty and allegeance from them. There were turall dutie, love, and allegeance, to a forraigne likewise two Letters openly read, the one from seruice and obedience.
certaine priestes, prisoners soinetimes in the Hauing libertie graunted to speake, and aun- | Clinke, to the arch-priest, maister Blackwell, swere for himselse what he could, Robert requiring bis iudgement in matters, w ben they Drewrie very shallowly sought to insinuate, Taboured and hoped for tolleration in religion: that, if it were treason in him to be a priest, The other was maister Blackwells aunswere then it was the like in saint Augustine, saint therto; both which though he would have Bernard, and other reuerend fathers of the cunningly auoyded, yet it appeared what reckchurch, who receiued their priesthoode by au oning he made of them. thority from God; and so did he presume to When he had aunswered for himselfe so much baue doone the like, for the saluation of his as he could, relying still vpon his priesthoode, owne soule, and many others beside; which and vrging that to be the cheefest matter of his purposely he came hether to dn, according to offence, though many times the contrary was his otiice and function. llis sillie suggestion deliuered to him, the Iurie passed vppon him, was presently reprooued, that, notwithstanding and founde him Guilty of high-trcason, wherethe great ditterence beetweene his priesthoode, vpon he was sent away til the time of iudgeand that of the fathers before named, yet priest ment; which because it was not til Wedneshoode solie was not imputed to him for treason; day following, it shall not be much differing for that profession, though neither liked, nor from our purpose to handle, and say somewhat, allowed liy vs, he might vse and exercise in the in the mean while, concerning the tryall and parts beyond the seas, keeping himselfe there ; conuiction of Humphrey Lloyd, endicted there but not leere within his maiesties kingdome, vpon wilfull murder, hauing slaine master Thowhere, both be, and all other of his ranke, did mas Morris, one of the ordinary yeomen of his very well know, and therefore could not plead maiesties guardé, not long before, in Chaunany ignorance therein, that sundry good and cery-lane. sufficient lawes, heeretofore made, had enacted Upon Sunday in the afternoone, being the it to be treason, for any subiect borne to forsake 18th of January, the forenamed Humphrey bis native dutie, and, being made priest by au. | Lloyd, and Thomas Morris meeting together in thorisy derived from the pope, to com home Aldersgate-streete, in the companie of certaine again into this land, and, in meere contempt of other of theyr friendes, went into the Halfe the king and his lawes, to reconcile, seluce, Moone tauerne to drink, where they had no such and alienate loyall subiects harts froun loue, plenty of wine, as to cause distemper, or otheriust regard, and dutie to their soueraigne, and wise, that way, to procure impatience.-But it subiecting them in obedience to a forraigne go was deliuered in euidence, that some speeches uernment. Drewrie made aunswere, he could concerning religion passed betweene them ; not, neither would he deny, but that he came wherein Morris touched Lloyd to be a dissemhether to exercise the otlice of a priest, accord-bler, as neither hot nor cold, but, if any thing ing as he had alreadie doone, in winning of at all, it was, indeede, best affected to popery, ·soules; but he would not admit, that he had as afterwarde it plainely appeared. It hapned, seduced any, or in any sort diswaded them, that the lie was retorted between them, which but only for the good of their soules. Being vrged Morris to cast a cuppe of wine in Lloyds afterward vrged with his maiestics great mercy, face, and Lloyd therevpon threwe a rowle of who had, to him and all other of his coate, bread at the head of Morris. A further and granted bis generall pardon; and why he did more dangerous strise had presently ensued, not, according to the proclamation, depart the but that honest friendes on both sides, being land, when it was so expresly comnaunded? | present, did so discreetely deale with them, He made aunswere, That be wanted means : ihat they grew friendes againe, drank to one When it was provued to him, that not only did another, and no hart-burning outwardly perthe king allow such conuenient transporting, ceiued; till at length, Lloyde renewing remembut also enabled them with mony; and there- brance of the former speeches, a more heauier fore his stay could not be otherwise, but mcere falling out had thereou hapned, but that the ly in traytorous contempt of the kings lawes: friendes, as before, pacified them again; but Whereto he could make no reply.
yet menacing words passed from eyi her, Mor
ris threatning to bee euen with Lloyds bald | desire, or any way deserue. But the justice of pate, and Lloydie woulde try acquittance with heaven very manuestly appeared, that so talse the others cods-heade; so that they parted and hollow a bart, sullied with the detested with tearmes of enmity.
guilt of treason, must now, in a wilful and maOn the Wednesday next ensuins, Lloyd and Ticious act of bloud and murder, declare itselle a gentlema!, in a white coloured clouhe, staud- to the whole worlde, and the vpright censure ing talking together at Lincolns Inn Gate, it of lawe this way depriue him of live, that had bapned Morris and a friende of hys with hin felte mercie before, in a heauer ottence. Here to passe by; the friende saluted Lloyd, as is also to be noted, ibat, as the quarrel first Lloyd did the like by him; and uery soone hapned on talk of the popish religion, so now atter, the gentenan in the white cloake, that Lloyd discouers him in his colours. For, though had stoode talking with Lloyd being sent by it was told him, that he had very contidenily him, as it appeared, followed Morris, as Lloyd deliuered himselfe to be otherwise, and which likewise, and, rounding him in the eare, which himselte was not able to denye; yet nowe the friende then with Morris could not beare, Drewrie the prieste (after his judgement) passhee perceiued an alteration in the countenance ing away by him in the docket, gaue bim a of Morris, and the like in Lloyd, who by this publicke noted absolution, with his hand crosstime was come to them ; which he being desir- ing hin, and vsing some close speeches; whereoas to remooue, as standing an equall friende upon, thinking this sufficient to wash off his to them both, desired them, if any thinge stayne of murder, he forthwith openly contest, were anisse between:e them, to let him per- | that he is a Catholicke, so he had bin alwayes, swade a friendly agreement, and not to grow and so he woulde die ; as if that very name into any vnciuill behaviour in the open street, should giue fame to his fool fact, and, where to the wounding of their credite and reputation, be died a murderer, his owne ydle supposition as a so, what danger might otherwise ensue, of Popish absolution should make him nowe was doubtful to be gathered. Lloyd made aun to die in the case of a martyr, and for his conswere, that he was good friendes with his cozen science. Morris, and loued him as deerly as any in Eng When he was drawne in the carte (with land. Whereto Morris instantly replied, Wilt others) toward execution, and all the cartes thou never leaue thy dissembling? Dost thou beeing stayed before St. Sepulchers church, pretend to loue me so deerely, and hast euen wliere the inost christian and charitable deed of now sent me a challenge by this man? Lloyd Master Dooue, at every such time, is worthily immediately returned him ihis aunswere: that, performed, to moue prayer and compassion in if he hadde sent him a challenge, he was come mens harts, for such so distressed: all the while in person to aunswere it, and would perfor.nie that the man spake, Lloyd stopte his eares, it there, or any where els. Thus his malicious not willing to heare any thing ; but, if any intent rery plainely appeared. What other Romaine Catholickes were neere, he desired words passsed betweene them, I know not, such to pray for him. And so at Tyborne he neither could they bee heard by any standers did in like manner, calling to Romaine Cathoby; but forthwith they drewe out both theyr lickes 10 praye with him and for him, but no weapons, notwithstanding all intreaty to the other prayers would he accept of. But, the contrary : and indeede Lloyd did drawe to lawe hauing censured him, and justice likewise soone, to expresse his bloody and vnquenche- beeing past vpon him, what else remaines to be able malice, for he soon gaue to Morris his thought, or said of him, let it be so charitably, deaths wound, wherevpon he fell downe pre- as such a case requireth, and as becommeth all sently, not speaking one word.—And, to wit- honest Christians, euermore remembring, that nesse the more bis cruell and bloodie hatred, flesh and blood is subject to frailty, and he, he strake twice or thrice at him, when he was that boasteth most of strength, maye soonest downe, cutting him ouer the head, and other fall and be deceiued : therefore let vs measure wise wounding him ; yet he pleaded, that he other mens infirinities by a considerate care of did all this but in hys own detence. --All this, what our owne maye be, and, committing all to which hath bin breefelie reported, being much him that is the onely iudge of all, desire his more circumstantially deliuered in euidence, heauenly help and assistance neuer to suffer vs and by oath approued to his face, he sought to to be led into the like temtations. Let ys extenuate his offence by verie shallow speeches, nowe remember where we lefte before, and ytterly impertinent, and most against himselte, returne to the matter concerning the priest.in due consideration of his friuolous allegations: In this time of respit since his condemnation, for he bad bin a man of more dangerous qua- bethinking himselte, belike, of his present danlity, then was conceiued in his present tryall, gerous condition, he solicited sundry great perhaving tasted the kings most gracious mercy, sons by his letters, entreating all possible and had beene borne withall beyond his deseru- fauour to bee allowed him. Among the rest, ing.--It was also told him, how farre he had he wrote to sir Heory Mountague, recorder of waded in Watsons treason, and was also a par- London, requiring to haue some priuate speech taker in the Gunne-powder Plotte, sending with him. The gentleman, being of a milde shot; and powder also, to them in Wales; in and mercifull inclination, willing to do good to all which the mercie of his maiesty had looked any, but much more to one at the point of more mildly vpon him, then himselfe coulde such perill, vpon Monday morning, sent for
Drewrie downe into the sessions-house garden | according as himselse did best gather and conto him; where vrging to know what fauuur he ceiue therof, concerning the oath of legally and requested, and alleaging the kings great and allegiance mentioned in the late statute ; gracious mercy to any that expressed them wherevnto (as I remember) his answere was selues to be his louing subjects, and would take thus : " I freelye confesse, that in my opinion) the oath of duty and obedience to him, Drew- euery honest and good Catholicke may lawfully rie made voluntary tender of himselfe, that he and safely take it. Immediately, because he would take the oath, acknowledging the great- bad inade such a free confes.ion of the oathes nes of his maiesties mercy; and humbly re. lawfulues, and safety in taking, himselte was quired, that the like grace might bee attoorded willed to take the oath, a bich he had thus cento his brother, William Dauies, t'ie other priest, sured, to let the world perceive now publickly, that was condemned with him. Maister Re- whether his hand and hart held true correscorder conceived very well of this his submis- pondence together, and whether he were so sion, and was in his minde perswaded, that, if honest and good a Catholicke, as but to exhe had put bim to the oath presently, without presse the loyalty of a subject, and give Cæsar any refusall he would haue taken it. But he, his due. Now plainly appeared, boih what he as an vpright iusticer, very wisely considering, and such of his profession inwardly are, for he that, his fact being openly knowne, and the plainly refused to take the oath : hauing the people acquainted with bis dangerous practises, Booke deliuered into his owne hands, and his publike submission, and taking the oath, willed to take and alledge what exceptions he would the better witnesse his obedience and colde against any part or particle of the oath, submission, and proue much more pleasing his answere was, ihat he did but deliuer his then any thing done in priuate, deferred it till opinion of the oath, what'any good or honest the time of more conueniency; so Drewrie de- Catholicke might do, cxcluding himselfe out parted vppe to his chamber again, being vsed of any such titles. · Neither (quoth he) can it with all kind and gentle respect.
be any waye aduantageable to me, being con
demned as I win, and therefore I baue no reaThe extraordinary great Grace and Mercy, son to take it.' 'But then, to meet iustly with offered at the Sessions-house to Robert Drcu- such cuning dissembling and equiuocating, and rie and Itilliam Daries, Priestes,
to discoucr such apparant falshood, that no less Wednesday, the 25th of February; und, admired, then most worthy gentleman, sir lastly, the Sentence of Death pronounced Henry Mountague, knight, recorder of the citie against them,
of London, as he had many times before, so According to the custome in such cases ob- still be continued, in displaying the subtil serued, the trvail and condemnation of Robert slights of so dangerous a person, and what hurt Drewrie passing, as hath beene already de ensued to the state by such as he was. To clared, on the Fryday before ; on Wednesday drive him nowe from these ydle suggestions, following, being the fiue and twentieth day of and to lay open the kings most royali mercy, February, the prisoner was brought to the barre though not so much as in truth it deserued, yet againe; where it being tolde him, that he had suficiently able to conuince such impudence, been already arraigned vpon high-treason, and he told him, that he was a poore minister of had pleaded thereto, Not guilty, but, för bis iustice ruder his maiesty, and hadde such true tryali, had put himselfe ! pou God and bis coun. acquaintance with his ever-royall and mercifull trey, the countrey had found and delivered himn inclination, that harty sorrow, or repentance, vppe Guilty; it now remained to hear what he in an offender, no sooner colde be discerned, could say for himselte, why Iudgement of Death but he was euen as readie to glue pardon and shauld not be pronounced against him. He re- torgiucnes, and rather did superabound in grace, plyed, as he had done before, that he took bim-hen seeke after blood; and therefore willed selfe not to be conuicted of treason, but onely him to let all the people there perceiue, «
whefor bis priest-hoodc; which if the law made ther he would accepi of this proffered grace, treason, be bad nothing to say, but appealed or no. Nay, more; because every one was to the kinges grace and mercy.
not acquainted with the oath contained in the Heereupon, his voluntarie offer, to take oath statute, and (perchance) might conceite otheron the Monday before, was rehearsed to him. wise thereof, then in equity it deserued, the And it was further tolde him, that now it was clearke was commaunded to read it there pubapparently perceiued, how collorably be cloaked lickly, and himse'fe to except against it whathis private and pernicious dealing, answering soeuer he could alledge. The clearke accordby equiuocation, and setting downe one thing ingly begin, as followeth, reading it destinctly, vnder his owne hand, then afterward speaking as it is in the booke. dyrectiy agai:ist the same. For proofe where ot, bis owne letter, written sithence the time of his
The Oath of cuery true and honest Suliect. condensnation, to a person of great lionor, was “I A. B. do truely and sincerely ack:ou ledge, there read; and as much thereof, as concerned professe, lestitiu, and debuie in a conscience, the present occasion then in land, was the beefore Gud ant tre world, that oor souemore insisted vpon.
Wherin (if my memory raignc lorde king to me in lantill and rightfull faile me not) it appeared, that lie la bio re kmg of this realine, and of all oil er his maies. quyred to set downe his censure and opinion, ties dominions and countries: And that the