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the afternoon, which was the day after his ma- | he thought it was not to be contemned, for that jesty's arrival

, and none but himself being pre- the stile of it seemed to be more quick and sent with bis highness at that time, where, ' pithy, than is usual to be in any pasquil or liwithout any other speech, or judgment given of bel, the superfluities of idle brains. " But the the Letter, hot only relating simply the form earl of Salisbury, perceiving the king to appreof the delivery thereof, he presented it to his bend it deeplier than he looked for, knowing majesty. The contents whereot follow : his nature, told him, that he thought, by one

• Uy Lord; Out of the love I bear to some Sentence in it, that it was like to be written by of your friends, I have a care of your preser- some fool, or madınan, reading to him this seria • ration : therefore I would advise you, as you tence in it: • For the danger is past, as soon as tender your life, to devise some excuse, to you have burnt the letter ;' which, lie said,

suit of your attendance at this parliament. was likely to be the saying of a tuol; for, it, • For Goal and man have concurred to punish the dan er was past, so soon as the letter was

the wickedness of this time. And think not burnt, then the warning beloved to be of little 'sligbily of this advertisement, but retire your avail, when the burning of the letter might self into your country, where you may ex make the danger to be eschewed. But the 'pect the event in safety. For, though there king, on the contrary, considering the former be no appearance of any stir, yet I say, they sentence in the letter, · That they should re

shall receive a terrible blow this parliament, ceive a terrible blow at this parliament,' and • and yet they shall not see who hurts them. vet should not see who hurt them, joining it to * This counsel is not to be condemned, because the sentence immediately following, already

it may do you good, and can do you no harm, alledged, did thereupou conjecture, that the * for the danger is past so soon as you have danger mentioned should be some sudden dan"barnt the Letter; and I hope God will give ger by blowing up of powder; for no other in'you grace to make good use of it; to whose surrection, rebellion, or whatsoever other pri. holy protection I commend you.'

vate and desperate attempt could be cominitThe king no sooner read the letter, but after ted, or attempted, in time of parliament, and a little pause, and then reading it once again, the authors thereof unseen, except only if it he delivered his judgment of it in such sort, as were by a blowing up of powder, which might

be performed by one base knave in a dark *" Wbo it was" observes Kennett, “ that corner : Whereupon he was moved to interpret wrote this Letter to the Lord Monteagle was ne and construe the latter sentence in the letter, ver koown, or how it came that king James sus- alledged by the earl of Salisbury, against all orpected its meaniog to be what it really was, is dinary sense and construction in grammar, as' in a great part a mystery to this day. Yet I if by these words, · For the danger is past, as cannot give myself leave to doubt, but king soon as you have burnt the letter ;' should be James had some light given him from Henry closely understood the suddeness and quick4th of the designs of the Papists against him; ness of the danger, which should be as quickly for in the duke of Sully's Memoirs, there is performed and at an end, as that paper should more than once mention made of some sudden be a blazing up in the fire; turning that word Blow' they intended in England about that of • as soon to the sense of as quickly;' and time: and in one Letter, king James is desired therefore wished, that, before his going to the to take warning from the fate of Henry 3. 1 parliament, the under-rooms of the parliamentam the more confirmed in this opinion, that in house might be well and narrowly searched. the Harangue pronounced at Rome in praise But, the carl of Salisbury wondering at this his of Ravilliac the Assassin of Henry 4, which majesty's commentary, which he knew to be so has since been so often quoted by several au far contrary to his ordinary and natural dispothors, both Papist and Protestant, as an argu- sition, who did rather ever sin upon the other ment that the Jesuits approved the murder: side, in not apprehending, nor trusting due adit is there said, “That llenry 4, was not only vertisements of practices and perils, when he ‘ an inveterate enemy to the Catholick religion was truly informed of them, whereby he had ' in bis heart, but båd obstructed the glorious many times drawn himself into many desperate

enterprizes of those that would have restored dangers; and interpreting rightly this extraorit in England, and occasioned them to be dinary caution at this tiine to proceed from the crown'd with Martyrdorn.'. Now it's well vigilant care he had of the whole state, more known, Garnet and the rest that were executed than of his own person, which could not but for the Gun-Powder-Plot, were reputed Mar- have all perished together, if this designment: tyrs for the Catholick cause by the college of had succeeded, he thought good to dissemble Jesuits at Rome, where that Harangue was still unto the kiog, that there had been any just pronounced." See also Welwood.--It is now cause of such apprehension; and, ending the a common opinion that the above Letter to purpose with some merry jest upon this sublord Mounteagle was sent by his sister Mary ject, as his custom is, took his leave for that the wife of Thomas Habington or Abingdon. time. But, though he seemed so to neglect it Some particulars of this family and of their to his majesty, yet, bis customable and watchiconcern with the treasonable transactions in ful care of the king and the state still boiling the reigns of Elizabeth and James 1st. are to be within bin, and having, with the blessed virgin found in Nash's History of Worcestershire. Mary, laid up in his heart the king's so strange

judgment and construction of it, he could not This could not but increase the king's former be at rest, till be acquainted the foresaid lords apprehension and jealousy; whereupon, he inwhat had passed between the king and lim in sisted, as before, That the house was parrowly private. Whereupon they were all so earnest to be searcheil, and that those billets and coals to renew again the memory of the same pur- should be searched to the bottom, it being pose to bis majesty, that it was agreed, that be most suspicious, that they were laid there only should the next day, being Saturday, repair to for covering of the powder. Of this same mind his highness; which he did in the same privy also were all the counsellors then present; but gallery, and renewed the memory thereof, the upon the fashion of making of the search was lord chamberlain then being present with the it long debated : For, upon the one side, they king. At which time it was determined. That were all so jealous of the king's safety, that the said lord chamberlain should, according to they all agreed, That there could not be too his custom and ottice, view all the parliament- much caution used for preventing his danger; houses, both above and below, and consider and yet, upon the other part, they were all exwhat likelihood or appearance of any such treme loth and dainty, that, in case this letter dinyer miglit possibly be gathered by the sight should prove to be nothing but the evapora-of them : But yer, as well for staying of idletion of an idle brain, then a curious search rumours, as for being the more able to discern being made, and nothing found, should not any mystery, the nearer that things were in only turn to the general scandal of the king readiness, his journey thither was ordained to and the state, as being so suspicious of every be de erred till the atiernoon before the sitting light and frivolous toy, but likewise lay an illa down of the parliament, which was upon the favoured imputation upon the earl of NorMonday following. At which time he (accord-thumberland, one of bis majesty's greatest subing to this conclusion) went to the parliament- jects and counsellors, this Thomas Percy being house, accompanied with my lord Montcagle, his kinsman and most confident familiar. And being, in zeal to the king's service, earnest and the rather were they curious upon this point, curious to see the event of that accident, knowing how far the king detested to be thought whereof he had the fortune to be the first dis- suspicious or jealous of any of his good subjects, coverer ; where, having viewed all the lower though of the meanest degree; and therefore, rooms, he found, in the vault, under the upper though they all agreed upon the inain ground, house, great store and provision of billets, fag- which was to provide for the security of the gots, ad coals; and, inquiring of Whyvenard, king's person, yet did they much diifer in the keeper of the wardrobe, To what use he had circumstances, by which this action might be put those lower rooms and cellars? He told best carried with least din and occasion of bim, That Thomas Percy bad bired both the slander. But, the king himself still persisting, house, and part of the cellar, or vault, under that there were divers shrewd appearances, and thie same; and that the wood and coal therein that a narrow search of those places could prewere the said gentleman's own provision. judge no man that was innocent, he at last Whereupon, the lord chamberlain, casting his plainly resolved them, That either must all the eye aside, perceived a fellow standing in a parts of those rooms be narrowly searched, and corner there', calling himself the said Percy's no possibility of danger left unexamined, or else man, and heeper of that house for him, but in. he and they all must resolve not to meddle in it at deed was Guido Fawkes, the owner of that hand, all, but plainly to go the next day to the parliawhich should have acted that monstrous tragedy. ment, and leave the success to fortune; which,

The lord chamberlain, looking upon all he believed, they would be loth to take upon things with a heedful indeed, yet, in outward their conscience'; for, in such a case as this, appearance, with but a careless and rackless

an half-doing was worse than no doing at all. eye, as liecame so wise and diligent a minister, Whereupon it was at last concluded, That he presently addressed himself to the king in nothing should be left unsearched in those the said privy gallery; where, in the presence houscs; and yet, for the better colour and stay of the lord treasurer', the lord admiral, the earls of rumour, in case nothing were found, it was of Worcester, Northampton, and Salisbury, be thought meet, that, upon a pretence of Whymade his report what he had seen and ebserved neard's missing some of the king's stuft, or there; noting, that Monteagle had told him, hangings, which he had in keeping, all those That lie no sooner heard Thomas Percy named rooms should be narrowly ripped for them. to be the possessor of that house, but, consi- And, to this purpose, was sir Thomas Knevet, dering both his backwardness in religion, and (a gentleman of bis majesty's privy.chamber) the old dearness in friendship between himself employed, being a justice of peace in Westand the said Percy, he did greatly suspect the minster, and one, of whose ancient fidelity matter, and that the letter sh uld come froin both the late queen and our now sovereign bim. The said lord chamberlain also told, have had large proof; who, according to the That he did not wonder a little at the extraor trust committed unto him, went, about the dinary great provision of wood and coal in that midnight next after, to the parliament house, house, where Thomas Percy had so seldom oc accompanied with such a small number as cision to remain; as likewise it gave him in was fit for that errand: but, before his entry his mind, that his man looked like a very tall in the house finding Thomas Percy's alledged and desperate fellow.

mau standing without the doors, his clothes and

boots on, at so dead a time of the night, he he said, he was moved, only for religion and resolved to apprehend him; as he did, and conscience sake, denying the king to be his lawa thereafter went forward to the searching of the ful sovereign), or the Anointed of God, in house, where, after he had caused to be over- respect he was an heretick, and giving himself turned some of the billets and coals, he first no other name, than John Johnson, servant to found one of the small barrels of powder, and Thomas Percy. But, the next morning, being afterwards all the rest, to the number of 30 carried to the Tower, he did not there remain barrels, great and small; and thereafter, above two or three days, being twice or thrice, searching the fellow, whoin be had taken, in that space, re-examined, and the rack only found three nratches, and all other instruments offered aud shewed unto hin, when the mask fit for blowing up the powder, ready upon him; of his Roman fortitude did visibly begin to which made him instantly confess his own guil- wear and slide off his face ; and then did he tiness; declaring also mito hin, That, it lie begin to caute-s part of the truth, and, therehad happened to be within the house, when after, to open the whole inatter, as doth appear, he took him, as he was immediately before (at by his Depositions immediately tollowing: the ending of his work) he would not have the true Copy of the Deposition of Guido failed to have blown him up, house and all. Thus, alier sir Thomas had caused the

Fawkes, tukin in the Presence of the Counwretch to be surely bound, and well guarded

sellors, whose names are underuritten. by the company he had brought with him, he “ I confess, that a practice, in general, was himself returned back to the king's palace, first broken unto me, against his inajesty, for and gave warning of his success to the lord relief of the Catholick cause, and not invented Chamberlain, and earl of Salisbury, who imme- or propouuded by myself. And this was first diately warning the rest of the council, that lay propounded unto me about Easter last was in the house ; as soon as they could get them- twelve-month, beyond the seas, in the Lowselves ready, cane, with their fellow counsel-Countries, of the archduke's obeisance, by lors, to the king's bed-chamber, being, at that Thomas Winter, who came, thereupon, with time, near four of the clock in the morning. me into England, and there we imparted our And at the first entry of the king's chamber- purpose to three other gentlemen more, namely, door, the lord chamberlain, being not any Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, and John longer able to conceal his joy for the preveni-Wright, who, all five, consulting together, of ing of so great a danger, told the king, in a the means how to execute the same; a!id iakconfused haste, that all was found and disco-ing a vow, among ourselves, for secrecy, vered, and the trailor in hands and fast bound. Catesby propounded to have it performed by

Then, order being tirst taken for sending for gunpowder, and by making a mine under the the rest of the council that lay in the town, upper house of parliament; which place we the prisoner bimself was brought into the house, made choice of, the rather, because, religion where, in respect of the strangeness of the acci- have beeni unjustly suppressed there, it was dent, no man was stayed from the sight, or fittest that justice and punishment should be speaking with him. And, within a while after, executed there.—This being resolved amongst the council did examine liin; who, seeming to us, Thomos Percy fired an house at Westminput on a Roman resolution, did, both to the ster for that purpose, pear adjoining to the par. council, and to every other person that spoke liament-house, and there we began to make with bin that day, appear so constant and set our mine, about the 11th of December, 1001. uled upon bis grounds, as we all thought we — The tive, that first entered into the work, had found some new Mutius Scævola born in were Thomas Percy, Robert Catesby, Thomas England. For, notwithstanding the horror of Winter, John Wright, and myselt, and, soon the fact, the guilt of his conscience, his sudden after, we took another unto us, Christupber surprizing, the terror which should have been Wright, having sworn bim also, and taken struck in him, by coming into the presence of the Sacrament for secrecy - When we came so grave a council, and the restless and con to the very foundation of the wall of the house, fused questions, that every man, all that day, which was about three yards thick, and found did vex him with ; yet was his countenance so it a matter of great difficulty, we took unto us far from heing dejected, as he olten smiled in another gentleman, Robert Winter, in like scornful manner, not only avowing the fact, manner, with the Oath and Sacrament as but repenting only, with the said Scævola, bis aforesaid. It was about Christinas, when we failing in the exécution thereof, whereof, he brought our mine unto the wall, and, about said, the devil, and not God, was the disco- Candicway, we had wrought the wall half verer ; answering quickly to every man's ob- through : and, whilst they were in working, I jection, scotting at any idle questions which stood as sentinel, 10 descry any man that came were propounded unto him, and jesting with near, whereof I gave them warning, and so they such as he thought had no authority to examine ceased, until I gave notice again to proceed. him. All that day could the council get no-| All we seven lay in the house, and bad shot shing out of him, touching his accomplices, and powder, being resolved to die in that place, refusing to answer to any such questions, I before we should yield or be tahen. As they which he thought might discover the plot, and were working upon the wall, they heard a laying all the blame upon himself; whereunto, rushing in a cellar, of removing of coals;

whereupon we feared we had been discovered; to obtain pardon ; for, speahing of my tempo-
and they sent me to go to the cellar, who find- | ral part, I may say, the fault is greater than
ing that the coals were a selling, and that the can be forgiven; nor affecting hereby the title
cellar was to be let, viewing the coinmodiry of a good subject; for I must redeem my coun-
thereof for our purpose, Percy went and bired try from as great a danger, as I have hazarded
the same for yearly rent.-We had, before this, the bringing of her into, before I can purchase
provided and brought into the house 20 barrels any such opinion; only at your honours com-
of powder, which we removed into the cellar, mand I will brittiy set down my own accusa-
and covered the same with biliets and taggots, tion, and how far I have proceeded in this bus
which were provided for that purpose. - About siness: which I shall the faithfuller do, since I
Easter, the parliaineat being prorogued will see such courses are not pleasing to Almighty
October next, we dispersed ourselves, and I re- Guit, and that all, or the most material parts,
tired into the Low-Countries, by advice and have been already confessed.
direction of the rest; as weli to acquaint Owen I remained with my brother in the country
with the particulars of the plot, as also, lest, from Alihallow’s-tide, until the beginning of
by my longer stay, I might have grown suspi-, Lent, in the year of our Lord 1603, the first
cious, and so have come in question.—In the year of the king's reign; about which time Mr.
mean time, Percy, having the key of the cellar, Catesby sent thither, intreating me to come to
laid in more powder and wood into it. I re London, where he, and other my friends, would
turned, about the beginning of September next, be glad to see me. I desired him to excuse
and, then, receiving the key again of Percy, me; for I found myself not very well disposed;
we brought in more powder, and billets to and, which had happened never to me before,
cover the same again, and so I went, tur a time, returned the messenger without my company.
into the country, till the 30th of October.-It Shortly I received another letter, in any wise to
was further resolved amongst us, that the same come, At the second summons, I presently
day, that this act should have been performed, caine up, and found him with Mr. John Wright,
some other of our confederates should have sur- , at Lambeth, where he broke with me, bow ne-
prised the person of the lady Elizabeth, the cessary it was not to forsake our country, for he
king's eldest daughter, who was kept in War- knew I had then a resolution to go over, but
wickshire, at the lon Harrington's hou-e, and to deliver her from the servitude in which she
presently have proclaimed her queen, having a i remained, or at least to assist her with our ot-
project of a proclamation ready for that pur-, termost endeavours. I answered, that I had
pose ; wherein we made no mention of altering often hazarded my life upon far lighter terms,
religion, nor would have avowed the deed to be and now would not refuse any good occasion,
ours, until we should have had power enough to wherein I might do service to the Catholic
inake our party good, and then we would have cause ; but for myself, I knew no mean pro-
avowed both.--Concerning duke Charles, the bable to succeed. He said that he bad be-
king's second son, we had sundry consultations, thought him of a way at one instant to deliver
how to seize on his person: bui, because we us from all our bonds, and without any foreign
found no means how to compass it, the duke help to replant again the Catholic religion; and
being kept near London, where we had not withal told me in a word, it was to blow up the
force enough, we resolved to serve our turn Parliament-house with gunpowder; for said he,
with the lady Elizabeth."

in that place have they done us all the mischet, The Names of other principal persons, that and perchance God hath designed that place were made privy afterwards to ibis horrible for their punishunent. I wondered at the conspiracy.--Everard Digby, knt. Ambrose strangeness of the conceit, and told him that Rookwoud, Francis Tresham, John Grant, Ro- true it was, this struck at the root, and would bert keves.

breed a confusion fit to beget new alterations ; Commissioners ; Nottingham, Sufolk, Wor- ; but if it should not take effect, as most of this cester, Devonshire, Northampton, Salisbury, nature miscarried, the scandal would be so great Marre, Dunbarr, Popham.-Edward Coke, W., which the Catholic religion might hereby sus. Waad.

tain, as not only our eneinies, but our friends And in regard, that, before this discourse also would with good reason condemn us. le could be ready to go to the press, Thomas Win- told me, the nature of the disease required so ter, being apprehended, and brought to the i sharp a remedy, and asked me if I would give Tower, made a Confession, in substance agree- , my consent. I told him Yes, in this or what ing with this former of Fawkes, only larger in i else soerer, if he resolved upon it, I would vensome circumstances: I have thought good to ture my life. But I proposed many difficulties, insert the same lihewise in this place, for the as want of an house, and of one to carry the further clearing of the matter, and greater bene- mine, noise in the worhing, and such like.' Ilis fit of the reader,

answer was, Let us give an attempt, and where THOMAS WINTER'S CONFESSION, taken the because we will leave no peaceable and quiet

it faileth, pass no further. But first, quoth he, 23rd of Nore:nber 1605, in the presence of the Counsellors, whose namres are under Constable of the state of the Catholics here in

way untried, you shall go over and inform the written.

England, intreating him to solicit his majesty, “ My most honourable lords; Not out of hope at bis coming hither, that the penal laws may

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be recalled, and we admitted into the rank of we took a pair of oars, and so came up to Lonbis other subjects; withal, you may bring over don, and came to Mr. Catesby, whom we found sorte confident gentleman, such as you shall in his lodging; he welcomed us into England, understand best able for this business, and and asked me wbat news from the Constable. named unto me Mr. Fawkes. Shortly after, 1 I told him, Good words, but I feared the deeds posed the sea, and found the Constable at Ber- would not answer. This was the beginning of sea atar Dunkirk, where, by help of Mr. Onen, Easter terin; and about the inidst of the same I overed my message; whose answer was term, whether sent for by Mr. Catesby, or upon that he had strict command from his master, to some business of his own, up came Mr. Thomas do all good offices for the Catholics, and for Percy. The first word he spoke, after he came Esown part, he thought himself bound in con- into our company, was, Shall we always, genscience so to do, and that no good occasion tlemen, talk, and never do any thing? Mr. CaEdwuld be omitted, but spoke to him nothing of tesby took bim aside, and had speech about this matter.

somewhat to be done, so as first we might all Returning to Dunkirk with Mr. Owen, take an oath of secrecy, which we resolved within we had speech, whether he thought the Con two or three days to do; so as there we met stable would faithfully help us, or no. He said behind St. Clement's, Mr. Catesby, Mr. Percy, be believed nothing less, and that they sought Mr. Wright, Mr. Guy Fawkes, and myself; and only their own ends, holding small account of having upon a Primer given each other the oath Carlolics. I told him that there were many of secrecy, in a chamber where no other body gentlemen in England, who would not forsake was, we went after into the next room and their country, until they liad tried the uttermost, heard mass, and received the blessed sacrament and raiber venture their lives, than forsake her upon the same. Then did Mr. Catesby disclosein this misery. And to add one more to our to Mr. Percy, and I, together with Jack Wright, pomber, as a fit man both for counsel and exe tell to Mr. Fawkes, the business for which we cution of whatsoever we should resolve, wished took this oath, which they both approved. for Vr. Fawkes, whom I bad heard good com- | And then was Mr. Percy sent to take the house meodations of'; he told me the gentleman de- which Mr. Catesby in niy absence had learned sered no less, but was at Brussels, and that, if did belong to one Ferris, which with some diffihe came not, as happily he inight, before my culty, in the end, he obtained, and became, as departure, he would send him shortly after into Ferris before was, tenant to Whinniard. Mr. England. I went soon after to Ostend, where Fawkes underwent the name of Mr. Percy's sir William Stanley, as then, was not, but came man, calling bimself Johnson, because his face two days after. I remained with him three or was the most unknown, and received the keys four days, in which time I asked him, if the of the house, until we heard the parliament Catholics in England should do any thing to help was adjourned to the 7th of February. At themselves, whether he thought the archduke which time, we all departed several ways into would second thein? He answered, No, for all the country to meet again at the beginning of those parts were so desirous of peace with Eng- Michaelmas term. Before this thme also, it land, as they would endure no speech of other was thought convenient to have a bouse that Enterprise ; neither were it fit, said he, to set might answer to Mr. Percy's, where we might any project a-foot, now the peace is upon con make provision of powder and wood for the ciuding. I told him there was no such resolu- mine, which being there made ready, should in' ton, and so fell to discourse of other matters, a night be conveyed by boat to the house by wol I came to speak of Mr. Fawkes, whose the parliament, because we were loih to foil company I wished over into England ; I asked that with often going in and out. There was of his sufficiency in the wars, and told him we none that we could devise so fit as Lambeth, sbould need such as he, if occasion required; where Mr. Catesby often lay; and, to be keeper he gave very good commendations of him. And thereof, by Mr. Catesby's choice, we received as we were thus discoursing, and ready to de- into the number Keys, as a trusty honest man ; part for Newport, and taking my leave of sir this was about a month before Michaelmas. William, Mr. Fawkes came into our company, Some fortnight after towards the beginning newly returned, and saluted us. This is the of the term, Mr. Fawkes and I came to Mr. gentleman, said sir William, that you wished Catesby at Morcrofts, where we agreed that for, and so we embraced again. I told him, now was time to begin and set things in order some good friends of his wished his company in for the mine. So as Mr. Fawkes went to LonEngland, and that, if he pleased to come to don, and the next day sent for me to come Dunkirk, we would bave further conference, over to him; when I came, the cause was, for wither I was then going : so taking my leave that the Scottish lords were appointed to sit in of them both, I departed. About two days after conference of the union in Mr. Percy's house. came Mr. Fawkes to Dunkirk, where I'told This hindered our beginning until a fortnight him that we were upon a resolution to do some before Christmas, by which time both Mr. what in England, if the peace with Spain helped Percy and Mr. Wright were come to London, us not, but as yet resolved upon nothing; such and we, against their coming, had provided a or the like talk we passed at Graveling, where good part of the powder; so as we all five enI lay for a wind, and when it served came both tered with tools fit to begin our work, having in one passage to Greenwich, near which place provided ourselves of baked-meats, the less to

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