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afterwards; which divers of their lordships , house being resumed, it was put to the ques. conceive to be extortion.' All which being “ \'heiber the Lord Treasurer shall be freed fully discussed, the house was resumed, and the .censure, in this Change of Grucery, or no? question was put, " Whether, upon this whole , And agreed, To be freei.” Charge, the Lord Treasurer be censurable, or The house being a ain adj urned od L'atur, no?" and agreed generally, “ To be censured.” Mr. Attorney General read and her part wie
The house being again adjourned ad libitum, ' Lord Treasurer's Charge, viz. tbe charge aga a Mr. Attorney General read that part of the him by the oflice s of the Ordnance. Az Charge against the Lord Treasurer, which con- their lo.d-hips having fully discussed t'e great cerned his procuring of Herriot to surrender neglect of the Lord Treasurer io i-se the image his lease of the farm of Sugars, which he held inoney for the furnishing of the king's stra at the rent of 10,000 marks per ann. 10 the of munitions, with armour and power; ar king, and for procuring a new lease thereof hat yet be paid the arrear of cebis to the immediately to two of his lordship's servants, ottice for his own particular profit upon 20% to his own use, at 2,000l. per ann, and for de tract with the said officers, and baring cus nying the merchants, upon their exportation of sidered his lortship’s great mi-dt meanois in it sugars, the imposts paid therefore upon the im- bargains for the said lands of sir Rover Dailsa portation, as his lordship ought to have done by extended for that debı; and bis lords: p's frin the directions of his majesty's letters patent of pounding, for part of payment thereof, the mus the 5th of December ann. 8 Jac.-Upon reading of baronets and a suit for compounding at ing whereof the Lord Keeper signified 10 their lis majesty's copyholders of Wakefield. Az lordships, That he had received a message from his lordship's answer, “ That le preferrel: the king touching this charge, viz. “ That his suit unto the king, in pity of sir Tho. Mon majesty did freely give unto the Lord Treasurer son's estate, a man heretofore of good account 4,0001. per ann. out of the said lease of Sugars, in his county, and now decayed;" which the the same to begin presently after the date lordships thought most sordid tor a Lond Treathereof."— Their lordships taking into consider- surer to ipake use of to his own benefit: Alation, that this was the king's free gift, they did it appearing unto their lordships, Thal the was not think it fit to censure the Lord Treasurer Lord Treasirer bad set on fo tan old outlar, i for the same; although his lordship had unduly upon a debt long time since paid by the ser informed his majesty of good services done in sir Roger Dallison; and that his lord: hip upcu the office of the wardrobe, which his lordship pretence of a debt to the king where tbere ses performed not, for which this lease of sugars none, procured a revocation of leileis of 24was given him. Neither did his lordship in ministration granted of sir Roger Dallisti form his majesty (for ought appears) that a debt gouds; and bad written bis letter to ihe judge of 7000l. was installed upon that lease; the of the common pleas for the countenanding a which his lordship transferred to the farm of this indirect course, to wrest the said lease fris tobacco.-And as touching the denial of the the said sir Rd. Smith and sir John Davr, for impost unto the merchants, upon the exporta- merly granted unto them by the said sir Roses tion of sugars, for that his lordship attirms, That All this being fully debated, the bouse was rethe under-farmers of the said sugars from him sumed and it was put to the question, "Whe are liable to the re-payment of the said in ther the Lord Treasurer be wority of censtre posts,
be due, their lordships did not in regard of this whole charge, both for the think it fit to censure the Lord Treasurer for three bargains, and for not supplying, the otice the same.
And the house being re-umed, the of the Ordnance?" and generally agreed " To question was put, “ Whether the Lord 'Trea-be censured." surer shall be freed from any censure in this The house was again adjourned ad libitus, particular charge, or no?" And generally agreed, and Mr. Attorncy read the rest of the Charge * To be freed."
against the Lord Treasurer touching the Comi The house was again adjourned ad libitum, of Wards. And their lordships considere and Mr. Attorney General read that part of that it was not proved by the earminatione the charge againsi the Lord Treasurer, which witnesses, that the secretary was appointed! concerns the composition for grocery wares take any fees for the said petitions, either is in the city of Bristol, which city had refused himself or for the Lord Treasurer; nor tiza to yield unto any composition for the same; the Lord Treasurer had made any benet: * and yet the Lord Treasurer had given warrant bimself for concealed wards by virtue of the to levy the same against their will-, and to stay said new instructions: Therefore their lord-lops the entering of their goods until ihe same was thought his lordship not censurable for the paid accordinglv. But for that it appeared, two poin's of his charge. But as broches that the Lord Treasurer Dorset's letter, dated the doubling of fees of continuances of livera 1610, for levying the same composition, agreeth they thought his lordship worthy to be cenge" with the letter written by ibis Lord Treasurer ; 1 ed, both in respect of the grievance of the set and for that divers of Bristol had paid the like ject, and of his lordship's ansner unto the coinposition; and for that it did not appear same, viz. “ It is the king's grace to the people, that the Lord Treasurer did thereby seek any let them pay for it.” And for that be delive Tex! benefit to biinsell, the lords did not think him a stamp, unt, his secretary, whereby lie com fit to be censured for the same. Wherefore the mitted the great trust, reposed in him by tu
majesty, unto his servant, not deigning to sign | 50,0001. be sufficient to be imposed on the Lord the petitions, liveries, and warrants, to the Treasurer, or no ?" Agreed to this Article. 6. great seal, with his own hand, their lordships“ Whether be shall, hereafter, sit in parliament, thought bim worthy to be highly censured for or no?” Agreed, “ That he shall never sit the same. And thereupon the house beiog re again in parliament.” 7. “ Whether the Lord sumed, the question was put, “ Whether the Treasurer shall come within the verge of the Lord Treasurer deserves a censure upon the court, or no?” These questions being alt put whole Charge or no?" and agreed, nem. diss. and agreed to, the whole censure ayainst him “ To be censured for the same.”
was drawn up in form, read by the lord keeper, May 13. The lords ordered the gentleman and passed by a general vote of the house. usher and the serjeant at arms, attending on that bouse, to summon the earl of Middlesex,
SENTENCE against the Lord Treasurer. Lord Treasurer of England, to appear presently Then a Message was sent to the Commons, before their lordships. The house being ad- That the Lords were now ready to give Juriga journed ad libitum, i be clerk read the heads of menit against the Lord Treasurer, if they, wich the six Charges against the Lord Treasurer, and their Speaker, will come and demand the same. the six several votes of the house which were Answ. That they will attend, presently, as the yesterday past upon the same. And their manner is. Accordingly, the Lords being all lordships having duly considered upon the in their robes, to the Dumber of 62, the Lord proots of bribery, extortions, oppressions, Treasurer was brought to the bar, hy the genwrongs and deceits, objected against the Lord tleman usher and the serjeant at arms; when Treasurer, found the same to be most appa. his lordsbip making a low reverence, knec led, rently proved. And, as to the allegations of until the lord keeper willed bim to stand up. the Lord Treasurer of his good and profitable | The Commons came in with their Speaker, and services to the king; in the reforination of the the serjeant attending him let down bis inace, king's household, of the navy, of the wardrobe, when the Speaker addressed hiniself to the lords and the kingdom of Ireland, their lordships en- as follows: tering into debate thereof, it was made mani “ The knights, citizens, and burgesses in this fest to them, by many particulars then declared, parliament assembled, bare, heretofore, transThat, as touching the reformatica of the king's mitten unto your lord:hips several offences houshold, wardrobe, Ireland, he, the Lord Trea- against the right honourable Lionel, earl of sarer, bad deserred very ill of his majesty, and, Middlesex, Lord Hiyb Treasurer of England, as touching the navy, though his lordship was for Bribery, Extortions, Oppressions, and other but a commissioner with others, who were grievous Misdemeanors committed by his lordmore skilful, and did more good than be, yet, ship; and now the Commons, by me their he assumed to himself the wbole glory thereof; Speaker, demand Judgment against him for the and his manner was so to do, in all other busi- same." ness whereia his lordship and others were The Lord Keeper answered, “ This high joined.
court of parliament doth adjudge, That Lionel The Lords also considered of the Lord Trea- earl of Middlesex, now Lord Treasurer of Engsurer's allegation of his advancing the exchange land, shall lose all his affices which he holds in of the king's money, sent to the Palatinate, for this kingdom; and shall, hereafter, be made payınent of the king's forces there ; and it incapable of any office, place, or employment appeared unto them plainly, That his services in the state and cominonwealth. That he therein deserved no such respect, as his lordship shall be imprisoned in the Tower of London assumed unto himself; the soldiers of Franken- during the king's pleasure. That he shall pay dale being yet unpaid. Then the house being unto our sovereign lord the king a fine of resumed, the first question was put, 1. “ Whe- 50,000l. That he shall never sit in parlament ther the Lord Treasurer, in regard of these any more, and that he shall never come within anisdemeanors proved against him, sball lose the verge of the court." all bis offices which he holds in the kingdom, May 14. A committee of lords was apor no?" It was unanimously agreed, “ That be pointed by the house to attend the king, and to should lose them all.” 2. “ Whether the Lord acquaint him with the Judgment awarded by Treasurer shall for ever, hereafter, be incapable the lords against the earl of Middlesex, and to of any ufhice, place or employment, in the desire his majesty to take away the staff and
or counnon-wealth, or no ?” Agreed, the seal of the Court of Wards from bim. “ That he should be jucapable of them all." 3. Ordered also, “ That the king's counsel do “ Whether he shall be imprisoned in the Tower draw up a bill, and present the same to the of London, during bis majesty's pleasure, or house, to make the lands of the earl of Midno.” Agreed, “ For Imprisonment.” 4. “ Whe- dlesex liable unto his debts; unto his fine to ther the Lord Treasurer for these offences shall the king; unto accounts to the king hereafter ; pay a line to the king, or no ?” Agreed “ to and to restitution to such whom he had wrong pay a fine." -Then the house was adjourned ad cd, as shall be allowed by the bouse.” Whicla libitum, that the lords might more freely discuss bill afierwards passed into a law, what fine to impose on the Lord Treasurer. And, being resumed, the filib question was put Lionel Cranfield, earl of Middlesex, who, by the lord keeper, 5. " Whether a fine of from a low beginning, was, for his eminent quae
hties in mercantile affairs, raised to that title,' Manchester, and, after the death of Worcester, and to one of the highest posts in the kingdom, he was lord privy-seal. was son of Thomas Crantield, esq.; hur was no' "One of king James's own chaplains, preachmore than,a Lundon merchant biuseli; and ing before him at Greenwich, took this text, being bred up in the Custom House, was boked Mat. 1v. 8. • And the devii took Jesus to the upon as a fit instrument to detect the trudstup of a mountain, and shewed lim all the in druge vificers. The king, in lo last speech kingdoms of the world, saying, All these word to the lords, has given us an account how he :: I give,' &c. He shewed what power the devil was introduced in court, and by w'at stops he had in the world at that time, when be spake rose to the leis'it he si suilleuryte i trom; and,, these words; and from thence be came down by what his majesty hints, in that speech, there to the power of the devil now. And dividing migit probably be much malice and evy in the world into four parts, he could not make hi- prosecution. Mr. Rapin charges the prince the least of the four' to be Christian; and of of Wales and duke of Buchinghar wih a con- those, bow few went God's way? So that he spiracy to ruin the Lord Treasurer, for refusing concluded the devil to be a great monarchi, them, at times, th: exorbitant sums th-, de having so many kingdoms under his command; manded when in Spain : that they made use and vo dvult he had his vice-roys, council or of their credit with the par iament for that state, treasurers, secretaries, and many other purpose, and caused bin to be accused, by otticers, to manage and order his afiars; for their crewures, of mismnangement in the dis- there was order in hell itse!i; whith atier he charge of his ottice. This hint our authyr has had mustered together, he gives a character of strongly improved from Wilson and lord Cha-' every particular ulcer, who were it to be the rendin: the former says, “ The duke of Buck-' devil's servants; running thrvugh the body of ingi.am, remembering how the Lord Treasurer, the court; discovering the correspondencies repined at the monies snent in Spain, and bis ; with Jesuits; suuret pensions froin foreign comportment to him since his returi, resolved princes; besaving their masters counsels in to bring him down fron that he ght he had deserve their rewards, working and combining placed him in.” And the latter, “ That the to the prejudice of God's people. And when king was against the prosecution of the Trea- he came to describe the devil's treasurers exsurer, by an Iinpeachment ; because he fire- actions and gripings, to get money, he fixed his saw, that thuse kinds of parliamentary pro- eye upon Cranfield, then Lord Treasurer (whose ceedings would shake the royal authority, in marriage into the bouse of fortune, and title of the choice of his own minisiers, when they earl, could not keep him from being odious to should find that their security did not depend, the people) and pointing at him with his hand, 'solely apon his own protection; which breach, said with an einphasis, . That man (reiterating adds the Duble historian, upon his hingly power, it) · That man, that makes himself ricb, and was so much without a precedent, that, except his master poor, he is a tit Treasurer for the one unhappy one, made three years before, to • devil.' This the author heard, and saw, whilst gratify likewise a private displeasure," [lord Cranfield sat with his hat pulled down over his Bacon he means)“ the like bad not been eyes, ashamed to look up, lest he should find practised in very many years. The king told all men's eyes fixed upon him; the king, who the duke, “That be was a fool, and was making sat just over him, smiling at the quaint saure so a rod for his own breech ;' and the prince handsomely coloured over. It seems Neile, that he would live to have his belly full of par- the bishop of Lincoln, was not by him then; liamentary Impeachments." See History of for when any man preached that had the rethe Rebellion, volume 1, fulio edition 1702, nowa of piety, unwilling the king should hear
luim, he would in the serioon time enter“ Sir Henry Mountaque, lord chief justice, tain the king with a merry tale (that I may (as the reports of those times lively voted; laid give it no worse title) which the king would down 20,0001, for the ofice of Lord Treasurer; atter laugh at, and tell those near him, he could and before the year expired, it was conferred. not hear the preacher for the old B. bishop. upon sir Lionel Cranfieid, who had been a citi. We must confess, this relation smells too rank, zen of London, bred up in the Custom-house; but it was too true, and hope the modest reader and knowing the secret contrivances of those will excuse it, we having had divers hammerofficers, was thought fittest to manage the king's ings and conilicts within us to leave it out, scerevenue: for in expensive and wasting courts, ing it proceeds not from any rancour of spirit those great officers are most acceptable, that against the prelacy, but to viodicate God's by their finesses and projects can bring in that, l justice to posterity, who never punishes withwhich with riot and prodigality goes out. But out a cause, and such-like practices as these the great step to his office, was Cranheld's mar were doubtless put upon the score, which afterrying one of Buckingham's kindred, which I wards gave a period to that hierarchy. This mnounted bin pre-ently after to Licarl of Mid-i nuan's hand helped to close up the countess of dlesex, Tue lord chief justice for his money Essex's virginity, when he was Coventry and was marle a precedent, as soule jested; the Litchfcld; bis heart had this kind of vanity king finding him a man intelligent in all the when he was Lincoln ; and when he was archgreat attairs of state, made !um lord president: bishop of York, his head was so filled with Aris the council, viscount Mandevill, and earl of minian impiety, that in the next king's reiga
he was looked upon by the parliament to be which made a lord of this land to ask him at his
a notable stirring man in the place, my lord
123. Proceedings in Parliament against SAMUEL HARSNET, Bishop
of Norwich, for Extortion and other Misdemeanors : 92 JAMES
off, and many were old, and not able, for their
age, to come so far. That this inhibition was The Bishop of Norwich besought the Lords when the king had coinnanded inore preaching. to remember the Message from the Commons, That his lordship connived at Recusauts, all on the 8th instant, for a Conference touching which was the disheartening of the good prosome Accusations against bis lordship, which fessors. It may be objected he allowed of their lordships then deferred, by reason of the catechizing; ergo, no preaching necessary; but thinness of the house; and desired them to he commanded to ask bare questions, and noappoint a time for the same, with what expe- thing else; ergo, no instructions. That this dition they conveniently may; whereupon a is done against the canons of the church, and Committee was then nadied for that purpose. that there is no obedience without knowledge.
May 19. A Report was made by the arch- The outward man is not confirmeil, unless the hishop of Canterbury, of a Conference with the inward man be reformed; and cited the canon, Commons, touching a Complaint against the quicunque contristarerit doctorem veritatis bishop of Norwich, to this effect : “ That the peccat in Christum;' with the canon, 1 Jac. Commons had received a Complaint exhibited c. 45, for commanding preaching.- For the against the said lord bishop, by the citizens of 2nd touching the setting up of images. It was Norwich: and to shew, that it was ordinary for said to be against acts of parliament, against the Commons to complain against the governors the canons of the convocation, the book allowed of the church, divers records of parliament in the time of Hen. 8, 28 Hen. 8, c. 30, against were cited ; annis, 18 Ed. 3, 35 Ed. 3, 50 Ed. Images, Pilgrimages, &c. against the 3 Edw. 6, 3, 17 Kich. 2, and 11 Hen. 4, which were and the Homilies approved, anno 1 Eliz. forcited to satisfy tacit objections for their med bidding images in churches.- The 3rd, for dling with a cause of this nature.—That the prayer to the east. Which Gratian affirms Charge against the said bishop consisted of came by tradition, pars 1, dict. 11, and that it six parts: 1. That he inhibited or disheartened is superstitious, Linwood in the Glosses, lib. 2, preachers on the Sabbath day in the forenoon. tit. de Feriis, 'non refert si versus Orientem, II. That images were set ip in the churches, &c. That the bishop excommunicated many, and one of the Holy Ghost Auttering over the and enjoined penance unto divers, for praying font; that a marble tomb was pulled down, to the east; and soine did their penance with and images set up in its room, and the bishop a withy rod in their hand; the proof thereof is blessed them that did it. III. That he punished under the bishop's hand.--The 4th, one Peck, those who prayed not towards the east. IV. a minister, catechized his family, and sung That he punished a minister for catechizing his psalons, his neighbours coming in, of a Sunday farnily, and singing of psalms. V. That he used after evening prayers. The bishop enjoined extortion many ways. VI. That he did not them to do penance, for this their resorting to enter Institutions, to the prejudice of patrons. catechize and sing psalms, and to say, 'I conTo the 1st Article it was said, That there were · fess my errors, &c.' which acknowledgment 34 churches in Norwich;, and in those parishes is under the bisbop's hand. They who refus30 or 40,000 people: That the lord bishop sent ed, were excommunicated, and paid 71. charges. for the preachers, by the apparitors, and told And it was particularly observed by the Cointhem, there was no need of preaching on Sun- mons, that this Peck was a conformable day in the forenoon, except in the cathedral preacher.-5thly, Touching Extortion. It was church; although 2 or 3000 could only hear shewn, That, in ibe Table of Fees is set down, bhere; many dwelling three quarters of a mile for Institution 24s. 8d. whercof to the bishoạ
10s. That this lord bishop is register also, and | Sarum, hath since declared in print that which now himself taketh, for institucion, 31. 55. and, he then preached to be po popery: That pofor united churches, double; and that, commu pery is a hire that will never be quiet, he hail mibus annis, there are an hundred institutions, preached a thousand serinons; and nothing of For Admission into sacred Orders, nothing popery can be inputed to him out of any of should be taken ; if any, it is simony: yet this them.-That there were divers obstacles to bishop taketh now 29 or 50s, the bishop and keep bim trom propery. 1. The l'surpations register being all one. To scrie cure, 58. is of ihe pope of Rome. His lordship afirmed, due; he takes 6s. 8d. To teach school, 3s. 4d. That no power on earth can touch a prince; is due; he takes 68. 8.1. and it of ability 10s. and therefore be abhorred the usurpation of For every consignation of a decree 4d. which the pope over princes. 2. Their relyion is cornes 1o 80l. per annum, for which there dved in Blood. 3. The practic course of their should be noting paid ; no consignation being religion is all by jnggling and feigned miracles; in the table, but set down in archbishop White of which his lordship had writ a book against giti's time, in another hand.---Cibly. Touching them, which was never as yet answered. That the entering of Institutions. That the institu- he never spake with priest or jesuit, nor never tions to benefices are not registered; which invited a known recusant to his table; for overthrows the patronages, if it be returned they never say Amen to our prayers. 4. That scrutatis archiris non invenitur, wben the right their equivocations are the last; wore thaa conies in question ; yet the fees are greater which nothing can be; bis lordship held it than before.”—The Commons concluded with much better to take on with the devil than these two reinembrances. 1st, " That they with such. Then he professed himself to be a received this Complaint before Easter last : yet true member or this church, and acknowledged they proceeded not in the examination thereof the church of Fugland to come nearest to the till they received a certificate from the mayor primitive. That we fetch not our reformation of Norwich. 2nd, That none shall be puoisli from Wichliff, Iluss, and Luther of latier times, ed for complaining in parliament."
but from the first 400 years next after Christ This Report being ended, the bishop of Nor-| -1. As touching the first part of the accusawich stood up in his place, and answered the tion. His lordship confessed, That six or sesame to this effect : “ ist. His lordship con ven of the abler sort of ministers in Norwich fessed the Charges in the said Complaint to be used to expound, in their own churches, before so great and grievous, that, were he guilty the sermon began in the cathedral church; thereof, he would desire, himself, to be punish- and many resorted from other places to these ed: but whether he be guilty or not, he will expositions, (for all the churches bare not leave to their fordships exact and severe exa- preachers) and in the afternoon to their sermination; wherein be desired diem not to mons. The preachers themselves found fault spare him, and he would ever acknowledge and with this, being willing to be rid of the pains, commend their justice and hopour.- Uis lord- for they were to preach in the afternoon and ship protested he was no way guilty of the first on the week days, and shewed him many disorpart of this accusation; if he were, then he ders therein, which they pretended; as the was unworthy to hear the name of a clergy. cutiing oft part of the prayers, or their beginnman. He shewed the unwortininess of such as ing so early, that many couid not come to the should dishearten preachers from preaching the common prayers, and the like; and they beword of God. His lordslip shewed also (ile-sought his lordship to remedy it, because they, 'siring first that he might not be taxed with os. being stipendary men, were leth to do it, for tent:tion) his own practice in preaching, whilst fear, belike, to lose their stipends; whereapon he was vicar and parson: that he preached he sent for them by an officer, and willed them erery suhbath in the morning, and citechized to omit these expositions in the forenoon; and in the atiernoon; and that he continued the yet he had since taken order for the erecting like preaching whilst he was bishop of Chi- of three sermons in the most remote parts of chester : that in Norwich he never missed the the city from the cathedral church; and he public place, and ever preached there against also had erected many lectures in several places popery: thouzh he had been an unprotitable, of the country. Il. As touching the Images yet he had not been an idle servant; which in a Church. What was done was done with
now his only comfort.--As touching out his knowledge, it was meant by St. Peter's Preaching and Non-residence, he had been church: that he never saw that church till one reckoned more than half a puritan: he told erening as he came hy; and being informed of them of his manner of living, and his leaving much cost done upon it, he went in, and hoeelthe archbishop of Canterbury's service that he ed down to his prayers, as his use was. When might go to his cure. He wondered why he he rose up, and perceived that they had beshould be thought a papist; he thought it might stowed very great cost, and not seeing or be owing to bis disputations, and his sermons knowing of any image at all set up there, he at Paul's Cross, on predestination negative, un said, “ God's blessing on their hearts that had advisedly preached by bin ; for which he was "bestowed such cost on God's house. (II. As checked by archbishop Whitgift, and com- touching prayers to the east : he never enjoinmanded to preach no more of it; and he ed it, nor beard of it till now. IV. For the peyer did, though Dr. Abbot, late bishop of 4th part of his Complaint : he perceived that